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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642191/new-aspects-in-free-flap-surgery-mini-perforator-flaps-and-extracorporeal-flap-perfusion
#1
Klaus-Dietrich Wolff
BACKGROUND: The scope of microvascular tissue transfer in the Head and Neck reaches from coverage of simple soft tissue defects to complex 3-D reconstructions using multiple or chimeric flaps. This paper summarises the presentation given at the Congress of the French Society of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery in Marseille 2017. It was the aim of our work to add further elements to this wide spectrum of reconstructive possibilities. METHODS: For patients with small intraoral soft tissue defects in whom the use of a radial forearm flap would not be justified because of its donor site morbidity, but who nevertheless would take a benefit from a small free flap, we used mini-perforator flaps from the lower leg...
June 19, 2017: Journal of Stomatology, Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636741/adenoid-cystic-carcinoma-of-the-head-and-neck-area-oncologic-treatment-and-plastic-reconstructive-options
#2
Johannes A Veit, Julia Thierauf, Thomas K Hoffmann, Jens Greve, Nicole Rotter, Patrick J Schuler, Marc O Scheithauer
Adenoid cystic carcinoma of the head and neck area is a rare malignant tumor with acceptable short-term but mediocre long-term prognosis. Radical tumor excision with clear resection margins, and sometimes resection of the facial nerve due to perineural growth, remains the fundamental therapy. We present 3 distinct clinical cases and discuss the current therapeutic options with special focus on plastic-reconstructive techniques. For reconstruction, the full armament of local and free flaps, as well as prosthetics, may be necessary...
June 2017: Ear, Nose, & Throat Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636474/lumbar-artery-perforators-an-anatomical-study-based-on-computed-tomographic-angiography-imaging
#3
Casper Emile Sommeling, Britt Colebunders, Heleen E Pardon, Filip B Stillaert, Phillip N Blondeel, Koenraad Van Landuyt
BACKGROUND: The free lumbar artery perforator flap has recently been introduced as a potentially valuable option for autologous breast reconstruction in a subset of patients. Up to date, few anatomical studies, exploring the lumbar region as a donor site for perforator- based flaps, have been conducted. METHODS: An anatomical study of the position of the dominant lumbar artery perforator was performed, using the preoperative computed tomographic angiography images of 24 autologous breast reconstruction patients...
February 28, 2017: Acta Chirurgica Belgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634701/the-50-most-cited-articles-in-facial-plastic-surgery
#4
Michael T Chang, Zachary G Schwam, Christopher A Schutt, Emily M Kamen, Boris Paskhover
Bibliometric analysis is a common method to determine the most influential articles in medical specialties, as it is an objective measure of peer recognition of scientific work. This study is the first bibliometric analysis of the literature in facial plastic surgery, to determine the most cited papers in the field. Bibliometric analysis was performed using the Science Citation Index from the Institute for Scientific Information, accessed through the Web of Science™. Filter terms relevant to the field of facial plastic surgery were used to identify the 50 most cited journal articles between 1900 and 2016...
June 20, 2017: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633150/hexapod-frame-stacked-transport-for-tibial-infected-nonunions-with-bone-loss-analysis-of-use-of-adjunctive-stability
#5
Joshua K Napora, Douglas S Weinberg, Blake A Eagle, Bram R Kaufman, John K Sontich
OBJECTIVES: The stacked hexapod bone transport technique is an effective treatment for infected tibial nonunions with bone loss. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the patients' risk factors and timing for requiring adjunctive stabilization. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. SETTING: Level 1 trauma center. PATIENTS/PARTICIPANTS: Seventy-five patients with infected posttraumatic nonunions of the tibia. INTERVENTION: Resection of nonunion with application of stacked hexapod frame for bone transport...
July 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629833/new-approach-to-improve-the-keratinised-peri-implant-soft-tissues-in-patients-with-intraoral-osteocutaneous-reconstruction-using-a-free-flap
#6
N Patel, D Patel, J Kwok
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 16, 2017: British Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624429/squamous-cell-carcinoma-of-the-retromolar-trigone-treatment-outcomes
#7
Hideaki Nishi, Takeshi Shinozaki, Toshifumi Tomioka, Takashi Maruo, Ryuichi Hayashi
OBJECTIVE: Squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) of the retromolar trigone is uncommon, accounting for 1.4% of all oral cancer cases in Japan. Few studies have examined the optimal treatment for this cancer. The aim of this study was to evaluate the outcome of treatment for primary SCC of the retromolar area. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed the outcome and prognosis of 45 patients (38 men, 7 women) with SCC of the retromolar trigone who underwent treatment in our department between July 1992 and March 2011...
June 14, 2017: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617741/soft-tissue-reconstruction-of-large-spinal-defects-a-12-year-institutional-experience
#8
Chris Devulapalli, Justin Broyles, Ricardo Bello, Tarek Elgendy, Georgia Yalanis, Richard Redett, Gedge D Rosson, Justin Sacks
BACKGROUND: Radical spinal resections can lead to considerable defects requiring soft tissue reconstruction. The purpose of this study was to review our institutional experience of over a decade with reconstruction of spinal defects and identify risk factors predictive of wound complications, particularly focusing on timing of reconstruction with ablative surgery. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed patients who underwent spinal resection and required soft tissue reconstruction from 2002-2014...
June 14, 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617692/update-on-the-supraclavicular-flap
#9
Nicholas E Wirtz, Samir S Khariwala
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The purpose of this study is to describe the supraclavicular flap and its utility in head and neck reconstruction in the context of recent studies. RECENT FINDINGS: Current literature regarding the supraclavicular flap has described its expanded uses in a variety of head and neck reconstructive settings. Its reliability and limited morbidity have been well demonstrated, and it has been cited as a reasonable alternative to other reconstructive options including, in some situations, free tissue transfer...
June 14, 2017: Current Opinion in Otolaryngology & Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616231/lymph-node-transfer-for-refractory-infectious-sites-caused-by-trauma
#10
Makoto Mihara, Hisako Hara, Kazuki Kikuchi
OBJECTIVE: In this report, we placed focus on the immunological function of lymph nodes and performed lymph node transfer via a free flap to a site of refractory infection. CASE AND RESULTS: Case 1 describes a 34-year-old male suffering from compound fractures with severe crush injuries and burns in the right ankle joint. A 20 × 15 cm skin defect was observed around the right malleolus medialis, along with denuded tendons with bacterial infection. After conservative treatment, we transferred a lymph-node-containing free superficial circumflex iliac artery perforator flap to the region, with minimum debridement...
2017: SAGE open medical case reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616153/a-multidisciplinary-approach-to-the-successful-management-of-gorlin-syndrome
#11
Ryan N Mello, Zaki Khan, Umar Choudry
Gorlin-Goltz syndrome (GGS) is a rare genetic syndrome with variable expressivity and autosomal dominant inheritance. The major features of GGS include numerous basal cell carcinomas (BCCs), keratocysts of the jaw, palmar/plantar pits and calcification of the falx cerebri. Authors report the case of a 51-year-old male with a 19-year history of GGS and multiple BCCs of the head and neck. He presented with a large ulcerating lesion on the right side of his face involving cutaneous, subcutaneous and muscular tissues of the temporal and orbital region...
June 2017: Journal of Surgical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615818/minimising-the-donor-area-morbidity-of-radial-forearm-phalloplasty-using-prefabricated-thigh-flap-a-new-technique
#12
Aditya Aggarwal, Hardeep Singh, Sanjay Mahendru, Vimalendu Brajesh, Sukhdeep Singh, Nitin Ghag, Rakesh Kumar Khazanchi
Phalloplasty is indicated in various conditions of penile loss or absence. There are numerous techniques for phalloplasty including the pedicle and free flaps with the ultimate goal of micturition in standing position, attaining adequate size, aesthesis and sensations for sexual intercourse. Radial forearm phalloplasty is the gold standard flap to achieve above results but gives a very bad scar on the forearm. We present a technique of using prefabricated thigh flap to reduce the morbidity of donor area. The descending branch of lateral circumflex femoral pedicle was placed in a subcutaneous plane over tissue expander...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Plastic Surgery: Official Publication of the Association of Plastic Surgeons of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615810/computed-tomography-angiographic-study-of-internal-mammary-perforators-and-their-use-as-recipient-vessels-for-free-tissue-transfer-in-breast-reconstruction
#13
Aditya V Kanoi, Karnav B Panchal, Saugata Sen, Gautam Biswas
CONTEXT: The internal mammary artery perforator vessels (IMPV) as a recipient in free flap breast reconstruction offer advantages over the more commonly used thoracodorsal vessels and the internal mammary vessels (IMV). AIMS: This study was designed to assess the anatomical consistency of the IMPV and the suitability of these vessels for use as recipients in free flap breast reconstruction. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Data from ten randomly selected female patients who did not have any chest wall or breast pathology but had undergone a computed tomography angiography (CTA) for unrelated diagnostic reasons from April 2013 to October 2013 were analysed...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Plastic Surgery: Official Publication of the Association of Plastic Surgeons of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615805/free-anteromedial-thigh-perforator-flap-complementing-and-completing-the-anterolateral-thigh-flap
#14
Dushyant Jaiswal, Amol Ghalme, Prabha Yadav, Vinaykant Shankhdhar, Akshay Deshpande
OBJECTIVE: Theobjective of this study was to determine the indications, utility, advantages and surgical approach for the anteromedial thigh (AMT) flap. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We reviewed the records of the patients in whom the AMT flap was used for head and neck reconstruction. We use an anterior approach to harvest the anterolateral thigh (ALT) flap with a non-committal straight line incision. This preserves both ALT and AMT flap territories intact, and further decision is based on the intraoperative anatomy of perforator and pedicle...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Plastic Surgery: Official Publication of the Association of Plastic Surgeons of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609351/immediate-breast-reconstruction-with-abdominal-free-flap-and-adjuvant-radiotherapy-evaluation-of-quality-of-life-and-outcomes
#15
Luis P Pont, Stefano Marcelli, Manuel Robustillo, Dajiang Song, Daniel Grandes, Marcos Martin, Israel Iglesias, Jorge Aso, Iñaki Laloumet, Antonio J Díaz
BACKGROUND: The effects of postoperative radiotherapy on free flap based breast reconstruction are still controversial. Poor outcomes, breast distortion and fat necrosis have been traditionally documented. The aim of this study was to evaluate whether adjuvant radiotherapy affects the quality of life, satisfaction and cosmetic result in patients undergoing immediate breast reconstruction with autologous free flap. METHODS: Between January 2013 and December 2016, 230 patients underwent mastectomy with immediate free flap reconstruction at the authors institution...
June 12, 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607872/vascularized-fibula-based-physis-transfer-a-follow-up-study-of-longitudinal-bone-growth-and-complications
#16
Ronnie L Shammas, Yash J Avashia, Alfredo E Farjat, Anthony A Catanzano, L Scott Levin, William C Eward, Brian E Brigman, Detlev Erdmann
BACKGROUND: The vascularized free fibula epiphyseal transfer provides an option for the preservation of limb lengthening after resection of the proximal humerus in pediatric sarcoma patients. The purpose of this study was to provide a long-term follow-up of longitudinal growth patterns and outcomes after free fibula epiphyseal transfer in upper extremity reconstruction. METHODS: A retrospective review of 4 patients who underwent free fibula epiphyseal transfer after oncologic resection of the proximal humerus for osteosarcoma was performed...
May 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. Global Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607867/a-quadrangular-flap-technique-for-vermilion-repair-in-unilateral-cleft-lip
#17
Hiromu Masuoka
In unilateral cleft lip repair, the vermilion triangular flap technique reported by Noordhoff(1) and its modification are widely accepted for the augmentation of the vermilion height on the medial side of the cleft; however, these techniques do not focus on the deformity of the labial tubercle. In this article, we herein report a modified technique for vermilion repair that is focused on the labial tubercle. The muco-vermilion quadrangular flap was elevated from the lateral lip to augment the labial tubercle...
May 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. Global Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606621/studying-the-blood-pressures-of-antegrade-and-retrograde-internal-mammary-vessels-do-they-really-work-as-recipient-vessels
#18
Yoko Katsuragi Tomioka, Hirokazu Uda, Kotaro Yoshimura, Ataru Sunaga, Hideaki Kamochi, Yasushi Sugawara
BACKGROUND: The proximal ends of internal mammary (IM) vessels are now the most common recipient vessels for breast reconstruction. On the other hand, bilateral deep inferior epigastric artery perforator (DIEP) flaps are often needed according to the territory and the volume required for reconstruction. The usefulness of retrograde IM vessels as second recipients has recently been reported, but there are very few quantitative studies on the hydrodynamics of the retrograde IM vessels. Because the flow is dependent on the pressure differential, the blood pressures of the antegrade IM artery (AIMA), antegrade IM vein (AIMV), retrograde IM artery (RIMA), retrograde IM vein (RIMV), and recirculated intraflap vein (FV) were investigated to solve this question and to confirm the reliability and usefulness of the retrograde IM vessels...
May 22, 2017: Journal of Plastic, Reconstructive & Aesthetic Surgery: JPRAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606597/resident-involvement-in-microsurgery-an-american-college-of-surgeons-national-surgical-quality-improvement-program-analysis
#19
Kevin T Jubbal, Daniel Chang, Shayan A Izaddoost, William Pederson, Dmitry Zavlin, Anthony Echo
OBJECTIVE: In the current healthcare climate, there is increased focus on medical errors, patient outcomes, and the influence of resident participation on these metrics. Other studies have examined the influence of resident involvement on surgical outcomes, but the arena of microsurgery, with added complexity and learning curve, has yet to be investigated. DESIGN: A retrospective analysis of the American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program database was performed to find patients undergoing procedures with free tissue transfer by screening for Current Procedural Terminology codes...
June 9, 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606440/mandible-reconstruction-with-free-fibula-flaps-outcome-of-a-cost-effective-individual-planning-concept-compared-with-virtual-surgical-planning
#20
Niklas Rommel, Marco Rainer Kesting, Nils Hagen Rohleder, Florian Martin Josef Bauer, Klaus-Dietrich Wolff, Jochen Weitz
PURPOSE: The free osteomyocutaneous fibular flap has become one of the primary options for mandibular reconstruction, because of the later introduction and development of virtual surgical planning (VSP). However, VSP is associated with high additional pre-operative effort and costs. Therefore, the purpose of the study was to develop a new individual cost-effective pre-operative planning concept for free fibula mandible reconstruction and to compare it with VSP regarding clinical parameters and post-operative outcome...
May 9, 2017: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
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