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Toe amputation

Matteo Monami, Stefania Zannoni, Besmir Nreu, Edoardo Mannucci
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 22, 2016: Acta Diabetologica
David Graham, Praveen Bhardwaj, S Raja Sabapathy
The thumb plays an integral role in hand function. Traumatic amputation results in significant morbidity. With loss of the thumb, up to a 40% reduction in hand function may result. Thumb replantation must be attempted when possible. The goals of thumb reconstruction are to replicate normal function as closely as possible, minimize donor site morbidity, and expedite recovery. In the setting of a mutilated hand, the status of the remaining digits must be carefully assessed. Toe transfers, osteoplastic thumb reconstruction, and pollicization are commonly used...
November 2016: Hand Clinics
Michele Ammendola, Rosario Sacco, Lucia Butrico, Giuseppe Sammarco, Stefano de Franciscis, Raffaele Serra
Diabetic foot ulcerations may determine minor or major amputation, with a high impact on patients' life expectation and quality of life and on economic burden. Among minor amputations, transmetatarsal amputation (TMA) appears to be the most effective in terms of limb salvage rates and in maintaining foot and ankle biomechanics. In spite of this, TMA needs particular pre- and postoperative management in order to avoid the frequent failure rates. A systematic review was undertaken of studies concerning TMA and its care in diabetic foot gangrene...
October 3, 2016: International Wound Journal
Sahar N Saleem, Zahi Hawass
OBJECTIVE: A previous study of the computed tomography (CT) of the neck of mummified Ramesses III (1190-1070 BC) suggested that an assailant slit the Pharaoh's throat with a knife in the plot known as Harem conspiracy. We hypothesized the presence of other injuries in the Pharaoh's body as a result of this fatal attack. METHODS: We analyzed CT images of mummified Ramesses III and reported any finding suggestive of trauma in correlation with archeologic literature...
September 27, 2016: Journal of Computer Assisted Tomography
Marie Laberge-Malo, Reggie C Hamdy, Laurent Ballaz, Audrey Parent, Annie Pouliot
OBJECTIVE: Toe filler combined to ankle-foot orthosis (AFO) can be used to improve gait after a partial foot amputation. The AFO supports the plantar aspect of the foot, and the toe filler gives a longer lever arm that helps for pivoting over the lost metatarsals. However, the AFO type can influence gait parameters. The objective of this study case was to evaluate the effect of prosthesis with toe filler combined to: - an articulated AFO; - a fixed carbon-fiber AFO on gait. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A gait analysis was practiced on a 20-year-old male with a partial foot amputation...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
Koffi Benjamin Manou, Ndoula Espérance Kounkou, Romaric Toe, Awo Dorcas Akadje, Cisse Ali, Amonso Daniel Alloh, Manse Béatrice Nandjui
OBJECTIVE: The quality of the residual limb of the amputations in the consequences of a ballistic trauma often was compromised and limits the success of a good equipment for a satisfactory locomotive function. The objective of the study is to describe the various anomalies of the residual limb and their difficulty of equipment of the traumatic amputations by bal PATIENTS AND METHODS: A descriptive retrospective study concerned patients amputated of lower limbs in the consequences of a ballistic trauma during the military crisis in Ivory Coast from 2010 to 2012 and dealt in the center of equipment "Vivre Debout" in the Teacher Hospital of Yopougon...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
Marion Prigent, Sylvain Brochard, Mathias Thepaut, Christian Lefèvre, Dominique Le Nen, Thierry Cornic, Marie-Thérèse Cariou, Catherine Le Rouzic, Phlippe Le Moine, Christelle Pons, Laetitia Houx
OBJECTIVE: Traumatic lower limb amputation is rare in pediatric population, and surgeons always try limb salvage. But rarely, later amputation occurred when the traumatic limb is painful. It is a difficult and irreversible decision needed a multidisciplinary approach. We report how we managed a programmed trans-tibial amputation on 13-years-old boy, 20 months after a foot trauma. OBSERVATIONS: Our patient is an adolescent victim of a left foot crash. The first checkup showed a degloving injury, dislocation of the interphalangeal joints and of all toes...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
Koffi Léopold Krah, Mohamed Béchir Karray, Mouadh Nefiss, Christian Darga, Mohamed Bouabdellah, Mondher Kooli
The late diagnosis of squamous cell carcinoma of the hallux in an aged patient on second-line therapy led to a trans-proximal phalanx amputation. This is a rare lesion affecting the toes which may compromise the functional prognosis of the foot. This clinical case report with review of the literature aims to highlight the difficulties of diagnosis and indications for amputation.
2016: Pan African Medical Journal
W Hwang, K Lee, J Joo
A 75-year-old male was diagnosed with diabetic foot syndrome and scheduled for amputation of the right second toe under general anaesthesia. He had suffered from Type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM); he had received maintenance haemodialysis (HD) three times a week for end-stage renal disease (ESRD) due to DM. At 30 minutes after induction, the heart rate decreased below 50 beats per minute (bpm); the arterial blood gas analysis (ABGA) showed a potassium concentration of 6.7 mEq/L without any other abnormal findings...
September 18, 2015: West Indian Medical Journal
Tania Tsatralis, Anisyah Ridiandries, Stacy Robertson, Laura Z Vanags, Yuen Ting Lam, Joanne T M Tan, Martin K C Ng, Christina A Bursill
BACKGROUND: The average population age is increasing and the incidence of age-related vascular complications is rising in parallel. Impaired wound healing and disordered ischemia-mediated angiogenesis are key contributors to age-impaired vascular complications that can lead to amputation. High-density lipoproteins (HDL) have vasculo-protective properties and augment ischemia-driven angiogenesis in young animals. We aimed to determine the effect of reconstituted HDL (rHDL) on aged mice in a murine wound healing model and the hindlimb ischemia (HLI) model...
2016: Lipids in Health and Disease
Kazufumi Sano, Satoru Ozeki
The graft on flap method, a useful option for the restoration of fresh fingertip amputation, was applied to the reconstruction of the short fingertip stumps resulting from the initial amputated stump plasties. As a modification, a nail bed graft from the big toe and a small cubic iliac bone graft were substituted for the lost tissues normally reduced as a composite graft in fresh cases. Upon follow-up ranging from 1 to 8 years, the grafted bone was found to have been resorpted in all cases. For the reconstruction of short fingertip stumps after the initial amputated stump plasties, acceptable results have not yet been achieved using the graft on flap method...
October 2016: J Hand Surg Asian Pac Vol
Sang-Hyun Woo, Myung-Jae Yoo, Jung-Wook Paeng
Toe-to-hand transfer is the last option for definitive reconstruction of the hand when digits have been lost as a result of traumatic amputations, congenital anomalies, or tumor ablation. Immediate toe-to-hand transfer for the treatment of acute hand injuries is defined as an emergency operation performed when replantation is impossible or failed. The aim of this article is to propose the indications, advantages and disadvantages of immediate toe to hand transfer as well as to compare the overall results with elective cases...
October 2016: J Hand Surg Asian Pac Vol
Troy J Boffeli, Steven R Smith, Kyle W Abben
Nonhealing wounds along the fifth metatarsal associated with neuropathy and bone deformity frequently become complicated with osteomyelitis. Our surgical technique for complete fifth ray amputation with peroneal tendon transfer has been previously published. The present study evaluated the outcomes regarding success with initial healing and intermediate-term limb survival after this procedure, which is intended to resolve infection, remove bone deformity, heal and prevent recurrence of lateral column wounds, and maintain functional stability of the foot...
September 1, 2016: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
Neal R Barshes, Everardo Flores, Michael Belkin, Panos Kougias, David G Armstrong, Joseph L Mills
BACKGROUND: Patients with diabetic foot ulcers (DFUs) should be evaluated for peripheral artery disease (PAD). We sought to estimate the overall diagnostic accuracy for various strategies that are used to identify PAD in this population. METHODS: A Markov model with probabilistic and deterministic sensitivity analyses was used to simulate the clinical events in a population of 10,000 patients with diabetes. One of 14 different diagnostic strategies was applied to those who developed DFUs...
August 26, 2016: Journal of Vascular Surgery
Kamel Mohammedi, Louis Potier, Maud François, Dured Dardari, Marilyne Feron, Estelle Nobecourt-Dupuy, Manuel Dolz, Roxane Ducloux, Abdelkader Chibani, Dominique-François Eveno, Teresa Crea Avila, Ariane Sultan, Laurence Baillet-Blanco, Vincent Rigalleau, Gilberto Velho, Florence Tubach, Ronan Roussel, Jean-Claude Dupré, Dominique Malgrange, Michel Marre
BACKGROUND: Off-loading is essential for diabetic foot management, but remains understudied. The evaluation of Off-loading using a new removable oRTHOsis in DIABetic foot (ORTHODIAB) trial aims to evaluate the efficacy of a new removable device "Orthèse Diabète" in the healing of diabetic foot. METHODS/DESIGN: ORTHODIAB is a French multi-centre randomized, open label trial, with a blinded end points evaluation by an adjudication committee according to the Prospective Randomized Open Blinded End-point...
2016: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research
K Nagasaki, H Obara, K Tanaka, K Koyano, A Asamia, Y Kitagawa
OBJECTIVE: We retrospectively assessed the effectiveness of peripheral nerve crushing (Smithwick operation) in relieving intractable chronic pain associated with foot ulcers caused by diabetes mellitus (DM) or atherosclerosis. METHOD: From April 2009 to April 2012, patients underwent peripheral nerve crushing in the leg affected by foot ulceration. The cause of ulceration was either DM alone, atherosclerosis alone, or both DM and atherosclerosis. Because sensation in the foot is associated with five nerves: the tibial, deep peroneal, superficial peroneal, sural, and saphenous, one or more of these nerves were crushed over a length of 1...
August 2016: Journal of Wound Care
E Poirier, H Wind, N Cordel
BACKGROUND: The medical treatment of ischemic ulcers in patients with systemic sclerosis remains difficult. Despite the major help provided by vasodilator treatments, the risk of spontaneous or surgical amputation remains high. OBSERVATION: A 48-year-old female patient from Guadeloupe was treated in our department for diffuse systemic sclerosis present for 15 years complicated by lung, joint and digestive involvement, and associated with severe Raynaud's phenomenon...
July 28, 2016: Annales de Dermatologie et de Vénéréologie
Daijirou Akamatsu, Hitoshi Goto, Takashi Kamei, Shigehito Miyagi, Ken Tsuchida, Keiichiro Kawamura, Yuta Tajima, Michihisa Umetsu, Tetsuo Watanabe, Noriaki Ohuchi
BACKGROUND: In multilevel arterial disease, whether complete revascularization or staged runoff repair should be performed remains controversial. The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of iliac inflow repair and to identify clinical conditions that are associated with the need for runoff repair in concomitant iliac and superficial femoral artery (SFA) occlusive disease. METHODS: Patients undergoing inflow repair for complicated flow-limiting iliac lesions with diffuse SFA disease between 2007 and 2013 were retrospectively reviewed...
July 19, 2016: Asian Journal of Surgery
Mohammad M Al-Qattan, Ahmed M Al-Qattan
Three decades ago, pedicled flaps from the groin and abdomen were the workhorses in hand and forearm reconstruction. These pedicled flaps have several disadvantages including patient discomfort, stiffness, the need for flap division, and the inability to elevate the hand after acute trauma. Hence it is not surprising that free flap reconstruction has become the method of choice in coverage of complex hand and forearm defects. Despite this, pedicled flaps may still be indicated in the current era of microsurgery...
September 2016: Journal of Hand Surgery
Sung Hye Byun, Jonghoon Lee, Jong Hae Kim
BACKGROUND: Patients on antiplatelet therapy following percutaneous coronary intervention can become coagulopathic due to infection. Performing regional anesthesia for bilateral surgery in such cases is challenging. We report a case of successful combined inguinal femoral and subgluteal sciatic nerve blocks (CFSNBs) for simultaneous bilateral below-knee amputations in a coagulopathic patient on antiplatelet therapy. METHODS: A 70-year-old male patient presented with pain in both feet due to diabetic foot syndrome...
July 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
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