keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Ltot

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785103/chinese-version-of-the-severe-respiratory-insufficiency-questionnaire-for-patients-with-copd-receiving-long-term-oxygen-therapy
#1
Lili Guan, Jiawen Xu, Weiliang Wu, Jianhua Chen, Xiaoying Li, Bingpeng Guo, Yuqiong Yang, Yating Huo, Luqian Zhou, Rongchang Chen
Purpose: Patients with advanced-stage COPD often experience severe hypoxemia. Treatment with long-term oxygen therapy (LTOT) may relieve patients' symptoms and increase survival. As COPD is incurable, improving patients' health-related quality of life is important. The Chinese version of the Severe Respiratory Insufficiency Questionnaire (SRI) is valid for patients with hypercapnic COPD undergoing noninvasive positive airway pressure ventilation at home. However, the reliability and validity of the Chinese SRI for patients with COPD undergoing LTOT have not been investigated...
2018: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780244/severity-of-acidosis-affects-long-term-survival-in-copd-patients-with-hypoxemia-after-intensive-care-unit-discharge
#2
Sinem Gungor, Feyza Kargin, Ilim Irmak, Fulya Ciyiltepe, Eylem Acartürk Tunçay, Pinar Atagun Guney, Emine Aksoy, Birsen Ocakli, Nalan Adiguzel, Zuhal Karakurt
Background: Patients admitted to the intensive care unit (ICU) with acute respiratory failure (ARF) due to COPD have high mortality and morbidity. Acidosis has several harmful effects on hemodynamics and metabolism, and the current knowledge regarding the relationship between respiratory acidosis severity on the short- and long-term survival of COPD patients is limited. We hypothesized that COPD patients with severe acidosis would have a poorer short- and long-term prognosis compared with COPD patients with mild-to-moderate acidosis...
2018: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773292/health-related-quality-of-life-measurement-in-patients-with-chronic-respiratory-failure
#3
REVIEW
Toru Oga, Wolfram Windisch, Tomohiro Handa, Toyohiro Hirai, Kazuo Chin
The improvement of health-related quality of life (HRQL) is an important goal in managing patients with chronic respiratory failure (CRF) receiving long-term oxygen therapy (LTOT) and/or domiciliary noninvasive ventilation (NIV). Two condition-specific HRQL questionnaires have been developed to specifically assess these patients: the Maugeri Respiratory Failure Questionnaire (MRF) and the Severe Respiratory Insufficiency Questionnaire (SRI). The MRF is more advantageous in its ease of completion; conversely, the SRI measures diversified health impairments more multi-dimensionally and discriminatively with greater balance, especially in patients receiving NIV...
May 2018: Respiratory Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771793/the-association-of-chronic-pain-and-long-term-opioid-therapy-with-hiv-treatment-outcomes
#4
Jessica S Merlin, Dustin Long, William C Becker, Edward R Cachay, Katerina A Christopolous, Kasey Claborn, Heidi M Crane, E Jennifer Edelman, Richard Harding, Stefan G Kertesz, Jane M Liebschutz, W Christopher Mathews, Michael J Mugavero, Sonia Napravnik, Connall O'Cleirigh, Michael S Saag, Joanna L Starrels, Robert Gross
BACKGROUND: Chronic pain occurs in up to 85% of persons living with HIV (PLWH) and is commonly treated with long-term opioid therapy (LTOT). We investigated the impact of chronic pain and LTOT on HIV outcomes. METHODS: This was prospective cohort study conducted between 7/2015-7/2016 in five HIV primary care clinics. Chronic pain was defined as ≥moderate pain for ≥3 months on the Brief Chronic Pain Questionnaire and ≥4/10 on the Pain Enjoyment of life and General activity (PEG) questionnaire...
May 4, 2018: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29731626/the-influence-of-disease-severity-and-lifestyle-factors-on-the-peak-annual-25-oh-d-value-of-copd-patients
#5
Magnus Kentson, Per Leanderson, Petra Jacobson, Hans Lennart Persson
Background: The prevalence of individuals deficient in vitamin D (defined as a serum level of the stable metabolite 25(OH)D <50 nmol/L) is increasing in countries with low annual ultraviolet (UV) radiation and among individuals unable to perform outdoor activities, for example, COPD patients. Objective: To assess the role of vitamin D deficiency, independently of seasonal variation, the peak annual value of 25(OH)D was measured in subjects with advanced COPD ± long-term oxygen therapy (LTOT) and lung healthy control subjects...
2018: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29713153/long-term-effects-of-oxygen-enriched-high-flow-nasal-cannula-treatment-in-copd-patients-with-chronic-hypoxemic-respiratory-failure
#6
Line Hust Storgaard, Hans-Ulrich Hockey, Birgitte Schantz Laursen, Ulla Møller Weinreich
Background: This study investigated the long-term effects of humidified high-flow nasal cannula (HFNC) in COPD patients with chronic hypoxemic respiratory failure treated with long-term oxygen therapy (LTOT). Patients and methods: A total of 200 patients were randomized into usual care ± HFNC. At inclusion, acute exacerbation of COPD (AECOPD) and hospital admissions 1 year before inclusion, modified Medical Research Council (mMRC) score, St George's Respiratory Questionnaire (SGRQ), forced expiratory volume in 1 second (FEV1 ), 6-minute walk test (6MWT) and arterial carbon dioxide (PaCO2 ) were recorded...
2018: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29705347/prevalence-and-correlates-of-low-pain-interference-among-patients-with-high-pain-intensity-who-are-prescribed-long-term-opioid-therapy
#7
Melissa H Adams, Steven K Dobscha, Ning X Smith, Bobbi Jo Yarborough, Richard A Deyo, Benjamin J Morasco
The pain experience may vary greatly among individuals reporting equally high levels of pain. We sought to examine demographic and clinical characteristics associated with pain interference in patients with high pain intensity. Among patients with chronic musculoskeletal pain who were prescribed long-term opioid therapy (LTOT), who were recruited from two healthcare systems, we identified a subset who reported high pain intensity (n=189). All individuals completed self-report assessments of clinical and demographic factors...
April 26, 2018: Journal of Pain: Official Journal of the American Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29696082/oxidant-status-iron-homeostasis-and-carotenoid-levels-of-copd-patients-with-advanced-disease-and-ltot
#8
M Kentson, P Leanderson, P Jacobson, H L Persson
Background : The pathogenesis of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is associated with oxidative stress. Both iron (Fe) and oxygen are involved in the chemical reactions that lead to increased formation of reactive oxygen species. Oxidative reactions are prevented by antioxidants such as carotenoids. Objective : To study the differences in Fe status, carotenoid levels, healthy eating habits, and markers of inflammation and oxidative damage on proteins in subjects with severe COPD ± long-term oxygen therapy (LTOT) and lung-healthy control subjects...
2018: European Clinical Respiratory Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29624189/improving-the-safety-of-opioid-use-for-acute-noncancer-pain-in-hospitalized-adults-a-consensus-statement-from-the-society-of-hospital-medicine
#9
Shoshana J Herzig, Hilary J Mosher, Susan L Calcaterra, Anupam B Jena, Teryl K Nuckols
Hospital-based clinicians frequently treat acute, noncancer pain. Although opioids may be beneficial in this setting, the benefits must be balanced with the risks of adverse events, including inadvertent overdose and prolonged opioid use, physical dependence, or development of opioid use disorder. In an era of epidemic opioid use and related harms, the Society of Hospital Medicine (SHM) convened a working group to develop a consensus statement on opioid use for adults hospitalized with acute, noncancer pain, outside of the palliative, end-of-life, and intensive care settings...
April 2018: Journal of Hospital Medicine: An Official Publication of the Society of Hospital Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29606865/long-term-oxygen-therapy-in-copd-patients-population-based-cohort-study-on-mortality
#10
Nikolay Pavlov, Alan Gary Haynes, Armin Stucki, Peter Jüni, Sebastian Robert Ott
Purpose: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is the fourth leading cause of death worldwide and is associated with a growing and substantial socioeconomic burden. Long-term oxygen therapy (LTOT), recommended by current treatment guidelines for COPD patients with severe chronic hypoxemia, has shown to reduce mortality in this population. The aim of our study was to assess the standardized mortality ratios of incident and prevalent LTOT users and to identify predictors of mortality...
2018: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29557574/prevalence-and-variability-of-use-of-home-mechanical-ventilators-positive-airway-pressure-and-oxygen-devices-in-the-lombardy-region-italy
#11
Michele Vitacca, Luca Barbano, Daniele Colombo, Olivia Leoni, Enrico Guffanti
Few studies have analyzed the prevalence and accessibility of home mechanical ventilation (HMV) in Italy. We aimed to investigate the prevalence and prescription variability of HMV as well as of long-term oxygen therapy (LTOT) and continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP), in the Lombardy Region. Prescribing rates of HMV (both noninvasive and tracheostomies), CPAP (auto-CPAP, CPAP/other sleep machines) and LTOT (liquid-O2, O2-gas, concentrators) in the 15 Local Healthcare districts of Lombardy were gathered from billing data for 2012 and compared...
January 29, 2018: Monaldi Archives for Chest Disease, Archivio Monaldi Per le Malattie del Torace
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29547003/home-oxygen-in-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#12
Yves Lacasse, Ai-Yui M Tan, François Maltais, Jerry A Krishnan
Two landmark trials conducted more than 35 years ago provided scientific evidence that, under very specific circumstances, long-term oxygen therapy (LTOT) may prolong life. These two trials enrolled 290 patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and severe daytime hypoxemia documented by direct arterial blood gas measurement. From that time, LTOT became a standard of care, and the indications for oxygen therapy expanded to include nocturnal oxygen therapy for isolated nocturnal oxygen desaturation, ambulatory oxygen to correct exercise-induced desaturation, and short-burst oxygen to relieve dyspnea...
May 15, 2018: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29493384/prophylactic-function-of-excellent-compliance-with-ltot-in-the-development-of-pulmonary-hypertension-due-to-copd-with-hypoxemia
#13
Wei Xiong, Yunfeng Zhao, Sugang Gong, Qinhua Zhao, Jinming Liu
The long-term oxygen therapy (LTOT) for patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) has been shown to increase survival in patients with severe resting hypoxemia. The adherence to LTOT may also simultaneously affect the development of concomitant pulmonary hypertension (PH) due to COPD with hypoxemia. We retrospectively reviewed 276 cases of COPD with or without PH assessed by right heart catheterization (RHC) to investigate whether adherence to continuous LTOT had a prophylactic effect on the development of PH in a time interval of two years...
April 2018: Pulmonary Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29386891/which-patients-with-moderate-hypoxemia-benefit-from-long-term-oxygen-therapy-ways-forward
#14
REVIEW
Magnus Ekström, Thomas Ringbaek
Long-term oxygen therapy (LTOT) improves prognosis in patients with COPD and chronic severe hypoxemia. The efficacy in moderate hypoxemia (tension of arterial oxygen; on air, 7.4-8.0 kPa) was questioned by a recent large trial. We reviewed the evidence to date (five randomized trials; 1,191 participants, all with COPD). Based on the current evidence, the survival time may be improved in patients with moderate hypoxemia with secondary polycythemia or right-sided heart failure, but not in the absence of these signs...
2018: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29384692/reply-further-need-for-evidence-in-long-term-oxygen-therapy
#15
Richard Casaburi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29384689/further-need-for-evidence-in-long-term-oxygen-therapy
#16
Magnus Ekström, Zainab Ahmadi, Josefin Sundh
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345397/characteristics-of-patients-who-progress-from-bridging-to-long-term-oxygen-therapy
#17
Kovi Levin, Brigitte Borg, Belinda Miller, Kirk Kee, Eli Dabscheck
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Patients with persistent hypoxia following an acute hospital admission may be discharged with "bridging" domiciliary oxygen as per criteria defined by the Thoracic Society of Australia and New Zealand. The need for continuous Long-Term Oxygen Therapy (LTOT) is then reassessed at a clinic review 1-2 months later. The aim of this study is to describe the characteristics of patients discharged from an acute hospital admission with continuous Short Term Oxygen Therapy (STOT), and subsequently to investigate for differences between subjects who proceeded to qualify for continuous LTOT versus those who were able to cease STOT at review...
January 18, 2018: Internal Medicine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29283682/domiciliary-high-flow-nasal-cannula-oxygen-therapy-for-patients-with-stable-hypercapnic-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-a-multicenter-randomized-crossover-trial
#18
Kazuma Nagata, Takashi Kikuchi, Takeo Horie, Akira Shiraki, Takamasa Kitajima, Toru Kadowaki, Fumiaki Tokioka, Naohiko Chohnabayashi, Akira Watanabe, Susumu Sato, Keisuke Tomii
RATIONALE: A growing evidence base suggests a benefit of using high-flow nasal cannula oxygen therapy in the acute setting. However, the clinical benefit of domiciliary use of high-flow nasal cannula oxygen therapy in patients with chronic hypercapnic respiratory failure due to chronic obstructive pulmonary disease remains unclear. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of high-flow nasal cannula oxygen therapy use in patients with stable chronic obstructive pulmonary disease...
April 2018: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240853/the-evaluation-of-medical-inpatients-who-are-admitted-on-long-term-opioid-therapy-for-chronic-pain
#19
Hilary Mosher, Shoshana J Herzig, Itai Danovitch, Christina Boutsicaris, Sameer Hassamal, Karl Wittnebel, Azadeh Dashti, Teryl Nuckols
Individuals who are on long-term opioid therapy (LTOT) for chronic noncancer pain are frequently admitted to the hospital with acute pain, exacerbations of chronic pain, or comorbidities. Consequently, hospitalists find themselves faced with complex treatment decisions in the context of uncertainty about the effectiveness of LTOT as well as concerns about risks of overdose, opioid use disorders, and adverse events. Our multidisciplinary team sought to synthesize guideline recommendations and primary literature relevant to assessing medical inpatients on LTOT, with the objective of assisting practitioners in balancing effective pain treatment and opioid risk reduction...
December 6, 2017: Journal of Hospital Medicine: An Official Publication of the Society of Hospital Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204977/managing-concerning-behaviors-in-patients-prescribed-opioids-for-chronic-pain-a-delphi-study
#20
Jessica S Merlin, Sarah R Young, Joanna L Starrels, Soraya Azari, E Jennifer Edelman, Jamie Pomeranz, Payel Roy, Shalini Saini, William C Becker, Jane M Liebschutz
BACKGROUND: Current guideline-recommended monitoring of patients prescribed long-term opioid therapy (LTOT) for chronic pain will likely result in increased identification of behaviors of concern for misuse and addiction, but there is a dearth of empiric evidence about how these behaviors should be managed. OBJECTIVE: To establish expert consensus about treatment approaches for common and challenging concerning behaviors that arise among patients on LTOT. DESIGN: We used a Delphi approach, which allows for generation of consensus...
February 2018: Journal of General Internal Medicine
keyword
keyword
2587
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"