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Osteopathic manipulation

Yuriy O Ivanov, Francis J Lopez
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
Helen Hall, Holger Cramer, Tobias Sundberg, Lesley Ward, Jon Adams, Craig Moore, David Sibbritt, Romy Lauche
BACKGROUND: Low back pain and pelvic girth pain are common in pregnancy and women commonly utilize complementary manual therapies such as massage, spinal manipulation, chiropractic, and osteopathy to manage their symptoms. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this systematically review was to critically appraise and synthesize the best available evidence regarding the effectiveness of manual therapies for managing pregnancy-related low back and pelvic pain. METHODS: Seven databases were searched from their inception until April 2015 for randomized controlled trials...
September 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
Donatella Bagagiolo, Alessia Didio, Marco Sbarbaro, Claudio Giuseppe Priolo, Tiziana Borro, Daniele Farina
Osteopathic medicine is a form of complementary and alternative medicine. Osteopathic practitioners treat patients of all ages: according to the Osteopathic International Alliance's 2012 survey, about one-third of all treated patients are aged between 31 and 50 years and nearly a quarter (23.4%) are pediatric patients, with 8.7% of them being younger than 2 years. In 2013 a systematic review evaluated the effectiveness of osteopathic manipulative treatment (OMT) in pediatric patients with different underlying disorders, but due to the paucity and low methodological quality of the primary studies the results were inconclusive...
September 2016: American Journal of Perinatology
Millicent King Channell
Although national didactic criteria have been set for predoctoral education and assessment in osteopathic manipulative treatment, there is no criterion standard for teaching methods and assessments of osteopathic manipulative treatment competence in colleges of osteopathic medicine. This issue is more pressing with the creation of the single graduate medical education accreditation system by the American Osteopathic Association and Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education, which introduced the creation of "osteopathic recognition" for residencies that want to incorporate osteopathic principles and practice into their programs...
September 1, 2016: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
Donald R Noll
The contemporary management of infectious diseases is built around antimicrobial therapy. However, the development of antimicrobial resistance threatens to create a post-antibiotic era. Antimicrobial stewardship attempts to reduce the development of antimicrobial resistance by improving their appropriate use. Osteopathic manipulative treatment as an adjunctive treatment has the potential for enhancing antimicrobial stewardship by enhancing the human immune system, shortening the duration of antimicrobial therapy, reducing complications, and improving treatment outcomes...
September 1, 2016: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
Donald R Noll, Brian F Degenhardt, Jane C Johnson
CONTEXT: Osteopathic manipulative treatment (OMT) is a promising adjunctive treatment for older adults hospitalized for pneumonia. OBJECTIVE: To report subgroup analyses from the Multicenter Osteopathic Pneumonia Study in the Elderly (MOPSE) relating to hospital length of stay (LOS), ventilator-dependent respiratory failure rate, and in-hospital mortality rate. DESIGN: Multicenter randomized controlled trial. SETTING: Seven community hospitals...
September 1, 2016: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
Valerie F Williams, Leslie L Clark, Mark G McNellis
Survey-based research has demonstrated the increasing use and acceptance of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) in general and military populations. This report summarizes the use of three CAM procedures (chiropractic/osteopathic manipulation, acupuncture, and biofeedback) among active component service members from 2010 through 2015. Findings document a marked increase in the use of chiropractic/osteopathic manipulation and acupuncture procedures since 2010. The majority of the 240 military installations in this analysis provided chiropractic/osteopathic manipulation; more than three-quarters provided acupuncture; and approximately one-third provided biofeedback procedures...
July 2016: MSMR
(no author information available yet)
BACKGROUND: Osteopathic manipulative treatment (OMT) is a distinctive modality commonly used by osteopathic physicians to complement conventional management of musculoskeletal disorders, including those that cause low back pain (LBP). Osteopathic manipulative treatment is defined in the Glossary of Osteopathic Terminology as "The therapeutic application of manually guided forces by an osteopathic physician (U.S. Usage) to improve physiologic function and/or support homeostasis that has been altered by somatic dysfunction...
August 1, 2016: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
Victoria Hastings, Adrienne Marie McCallister, Sarah A Curtis, Roseanna J Valant, Sheldon Yao
CONTEXT: Pain is one of the most common postpartum complaints by women in the United States, and the pain varies in its location. Research on intervention strategies for postpartum pain has focused primarily on the lower back, but pain management for other types of postpartum pain remains unclear. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of osteopathic manipulative treatment (OMT) on postpartum pain; the location, quality, and timing of pain; and the difference in pain between vaginal and cesarean delivery...
August 1, 2016: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
Michael O'Donnell, Jo Armour Smith, Alex Abzug, Kornelia Kulig
BACKGROUND: Spinal manipulation is an effective intervention for low back pain, yet there is little consistency in how this skill is taught. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to identify what educators and clinicians believe are important characteristics of the patient and operator position prior to side-lying lumbar manipulation and the patient position and operator motion during the manipulative thrust. DESIGN: A multi-disciplinary correspondence-based Delphi method...
September 2016: Manual Therapy
Daniel Martingano
Cesarean scars pose a unique set of risks for women who have had previous cesarean deliveries. Between 1996 and 2007, the rate of trial of labor after previous cesarean delivery increased, along with reported rates of uterine rupture and other complications. Consequently, trial of labor after previous cesarean delivery and resultant vaginal birth after cesarean delivery have decreased and cesarean delivery has increased. With nearly one-third of women having cesarean delivery, the rate of rare complications such as cesarean scar ectopic pregnancy has also increased...
July 1, 2016: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
Hollis H King
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 1, 2016: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
Bruce F Walker
BACKGROUND: Physical manipulation and manual therapies are thousands of years old. The most popular western world iteration of these therapies is delivered by chiropractors. It can be argued that the collective public health benefit from chiropractic for spinal pain has been very substantial, however as chiropractic has transitioned from craft to profession it has encountered many internally and externally driven machinations that have retarded its progress to a fully accepted allied health profession...
2016: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies
Adriana Isacke
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2016: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
Christle C Guevarra, Michael A Seffinger
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 1, 2016: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
Nuria Ruffini, Giandomenico D'Alessandro, Lucia Cardinali, Franco Frondaroli, Francesco Cerritelli
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the review was to evaluate the effects of the osteopathic manipulative treatment (OMT) on women with gynaecological and obstetric disorders. MATERIALS AND METHODS: An extensive search from inception to April 2014 was conducted on MEDLINE, Embase, the Cochrane library using MeSH and free terms. Clinical studies investigating the effect of OMT in gynaecologic and obstetric conditions were included as well as unpublished works. Reviews and personal contributions were excluded...
June 2016: Complementary Therapies in Medicine
Larissa L Smith, Wei Xu, Jeanne M Sandella, Dennis J Dowling
CONTEXT: The National Board of Osteopathic Medical Examiners uses the Osteopathic Manipulative Treatment (OMT) Global Rating Tool to score candidate performance in OMT during standardized patient encounters. To the authors' knowledge, no validity research has been published on the underlying constructs measured by this instrument to date. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether the OMT Global Rating Tool measures 1 holistic skill or multiple skill sets. METHODS: Structural equation models were fit to data from first-time test-takers who took the Comprehensive Osteopathic Medical Licensing Examination-USA Level 2-Performance Evaluation (COMLEX-USA Level 2-PE) between July 7, 2014, and April 30, 2015...
June 1, 2016: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
Laura Falci, Zaixing Shi, Heather Greenlee
INTRODUCTION: More than 25% of American adults report having 2 or more chronic conditions. People with chronic conditions often use complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) for self-care and disease management, despite a limited evidence base. METHODS: Data from the 2012 National Health Interview Survey (NHIS) (n = 33,557) were analyzed to assess associations between presence of multiple chronic conditions (n = 13) and CAM use, using multivariable relative risk and linear regressions weighted for complex NHIS sampling...
2016: Preventing Chronic Disease
Katherine L Heineman, Drew D Lewis, Edward P Finnerty, Shannon V Crout, Craig Canby
CONTEXT: Despite interest by osteopathic medical students in learning and incorporating osteopathic manipulative treatment (OMT) techniques into their future practices, most students indicate that OMT is rarely or never taught during many clinical rotations. OBJECTIVE: To determine whether a mandatory OMT course taken during the third year of medical school would influence students' exposure to OMT, confidence in OMT, intent to continue developing OMT skills, and plan to provide OMT as practicing physicians...
April 2016: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
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