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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483767/incidence-and-prevalence-of-psoriatic-arthritis-in-denmark-a-nationwide-register-linkage-study
#1
Alexander Egeberg, Lars Erik Kristensen, Jacob P Thyssen, Gunnar Hilmar Gislason, Alice B Gottlieb, Laura C Coates, Denis Jullien, Paolo Gisondi, Dafna D Gladman, Lone Skov, Lotus Mallbris
OBJECTIVES: To examine the incidence and temporal trends of psoriatic arthritis (PsA) in the general population in Denmark. METHODS: Using nationwide registry data, we estimated the number of patients with incident PsA within each 1-year period between 1997 and 2011 and calculated the rate of PsA cases within gender and age subgroups. Incidence rates were presented per 100 000 person-years. RESULTS: There was a female predominance ranging from 50...
May 8, 2017: Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481462/biologics-or-tofacitinib-for-people-with-rheumatoid-arthritis-naive-to-methotrexate-a-systematic-review-and-network-meta-analysis
#2
REVIEW
Jasvinder A Singh, Alomgir Hossain, Amy S Mudano, Elizabeth Tanjong Ghogomu, Maria E Suarez-Almazor, Rachelle Buchbinder, Lara J Maxwell, Peter Tugwell, George A Wells
BACKGROUND: Biologic disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drugs (biologics) are highly effective in treating rheumatoid arthritis (RA), however there are few head-to-head biologic comparison studies. We performed a systematic review, a standard meta-analysis and a network meta-analysis (NMA) to update the 2009 Cochrane Overview. This review is focused on the adults with RA who are naive to methotrexate (MTX) that is, receiving their first disease-modifying agent. OBJECTIVES: To compare the benefits and harms of biologics (abatacept, adalimumab, anakinra, certolizumab pegol, etanercept, golimumab, infliximab, rituximab, tocilizumab) and small molecule tofacitinib versus comparator (methotrexate (MTX)/other DMARDs) in people with RA who are naive to methotrexate...
May 8, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28457908/quantitative-evaluation-of-biologic-therapy-options-for-psoriasis-a-systematic-review-and-network-meta-analysis
#3
Zarif K Jabbar-Lopez, Zenas Z N Yiu, Victoria Ward, Lesley S Exton, M Firouz Mohd Mustapa, Eleanor Samarasekera, A David Burden, Ruth Murphy, Caroline M Owen, Richard Parslew, Vanessa Venning, Richard B Warren, Catherine H Smith
Multiple biologic treatments are licensed for psoriasis. The lack of head-to-head randomised controlled trials (RCTs) makes choosing between them difficult for patients, clinicians and guideline developers. To establish their relative efficacy and tolerability, we searched MEDLINE, PubMed, Embase and Cochrane for RCTs of licensed biologic treatments for skin psoriasis. We performed a network meta-analysis to identify direct and indirect evidence comparing biologics to one another, methotrexate or placebo. We combined this with hierarchical cluster analysis to consider multiple outcomes related to efficacy and tolerability in combination for each treatment...
April 27, 2017: Journal of Investigative Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28457525/retrospective-study-evaluating-treatment-decisions-and-outcomes-of-childhood-uveitis-not-associated-with-juvenile-idiopathic-arthritis
#4
Elham Sardar, Perrine Dusser, Antoine Rousseau, Bahram Bodaghi, Marc Labetoulle, Isabelle Koné-Paut
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate treatment, ocular complications and outcomes of children with pediatric uveitis not associated with juvenile idiopathic arthritis. STUDY DESIGN: This was a retrospective chart review of pediatric uveitis in children under 16 years of age, recruited from the pediatric rheumatology department at Bicêtre Hospital from 2005 to 2015. Patients with juvenile idiopathic arthritis-associated and infectious uveitis were excluded. We used the Standardization of Uveitis Nomenclature Working Group to classify uveitis, disease activity, and treatment end points...
April 27, 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418334/juvenile-idiopathic-arthritis
#5
Kenan Barut, Amra Adrovic, Sezgin Şahin, Özgür Kasapçopur
Juvenile idiopathic arthritis is the most common chronic rheumatic disease of unknown aetiology in childhood and predominantly presents with peripheral arthritis. The disease is divided into several subgroups, according to demographic characteristics, clinical features, treatment modalities and disease prognosis. Systemic juvenile idiopathic arthritis, which is one of the most frequent disease subtypes, is characterized by recurrent fever and rash. Oligoarticular juvenile idiopathic arthritis, common among young female patients, is usually accompanied by anti-nuclear antibodie positivity and anterior uveitis...
April 5, 2017: Balkan Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417141/incidence-and-prevalence-of-psoriasis-in-denmark
#6
Alexander Egeberg, Lone Skov, Gunnar H Gislason, Jacob P Thyssen, Lotus Mallbris
The incidence and temporal trends of psoriasis in Denmark between 2003 and 2012 were examined. There was a female predominance ranging between 50.0% (2007) and 55.4% (2009), and the mean age at time of diagnosis was 47.7-58.7 years. A total of 126,055 patients with psoriasis (prevalence 2.2%) were identified. Incidence rates of psoriasis (per 100,000 person years) ranged from 107.5 in 2005 to a peak incidence of 199.5 in 2010. Incidence rates were higher for women, and patients aged 60-69 years, respectively...
April 18, 2017: Acta Dermato-venereologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412711/biologic-disease-modifying-antirheumatic-drug-bdmard-induced-neutropenia-a-registry-from-a-retrospective-cohort-of-patients-with-rheumatic-diseases-treated-with-3-classes-of-intravenous-bdmard
#7
Francisco Espinoza, Pierre Le Blay, Bernard Combe
OBJECTIVE: To examine the rate, risks factors, and consequences of neutropenia induced by intravenous (IV) biologic disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (bDMARD). METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study in 499 patients with rheumatic diseases treated by IV abatacept (ABA), infliximab (IFX), or tocilizumab (TCZ). RESULTS: Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) was the most frequent diagnosis (72%). Fifty-two patients (10.4%) experienced at least 1 episode of neutropenia...
April 15, 2017: Journal of Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28404197/mercaptopurine-versus-placebo-to-prevent-recurrence-of-crohn-s-disease-after-surgical-resection-toppic-a-multicentre-double-blind-randomised-controlled-trial
#8
Craig Mowat, Ian Arnott, Aiden Cahill, Malcolm Smith, Tariq Ahmad, Sreedhar Subramanian, Simon Travis, John Morris, John Hamlin, Anjan Dhar, Chuka Nwokolo, Cathryn Edwards, Tom Creed, Stuart Bloom, Mohamed Yousif, Linzi Thomas, Simon Campbell, Stephen J Lewis, Shaji Sebastian, Sandip Sen, Simon Lal, Chris Hawkey, Charles Murray, Fraser Cummings, Jason Goh, James O Lindsay, Naila Arebi, Lindsay Potts, Aileen J McKinley, John M Thomson, John A Todd, Mhairi Collie, Malcolm G Dunlop, Ashley Mowat, Daniel R Gaya, Jack Winter, Graham D Naismith, Holly Ennis, Catriona Keerie, Steff Lewis, Robin J Prescott, Nicholas A Kennedy, Jack Satsangi
BACKGROUND: Up to 60% of patients with Crohn's disease need intestinal resection within the first 10 years of diagnosis, and postoperative recurrence is common. We investigated whether mercaptopurine can prevent or delay postoperative clinical recurrence of Crohn's disease. METHODS: We did a randomised, placebo-controlled, double-blind trial at 29 UK secondary and tertiary hospitals of patients (aged >16 years in Scotland or >18 years in England and Wales) who had a confirmed diagnosis of Crohn's disease and had undergone intestinal resection...
December 2016: Lancet. Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28352145/methotrexate-reduced-tnf-bioactivity-in-rheumatoid-arthritis-patients-treated-with-infliximab
#9
Delphine Dénarié, Mélanie Rinaudo-Gaujous, Thierry Thomas, Stéphane Paul, Hubert Marotte
Objectives. To evaluate methotrexate effect on tumor necrosis factor (TNF) alpha bioactivity during infliximab (IFX) therapy in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients and to correlate TNF bioactivity with antibody towards IFX (ATI) development and RA clinical response. Materials and Methods. Thirty-nine active women RA patients despite conventional synthetic disease modifying antirheumatic drugs (csDMARDs) requiring IFX therapy were enrolled, and clinical data and blood samples were recorded at baseline (W0) and at 6 weeks (W6), W22, and W54 of IFX treatment...
2017: Mediators of Inflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282491/biologics-or-tofacitinib-for-people-with-rheumatoid-arthritis-unsuccessfully-treated-with-biologics-a-systematic-review-and-network-meta-analysis
#10
REVIEW
Jasvinder A Singh, Alomgir Hossain, Elizabeth Tanjong Ghogomu, Amy S Mudano, Lara J Maxwell, Rachelle Buchbinder, Maria Angeles Lopez-Olivo, Maria E Suarez-Almazor, Peter Tugwell, George A Wells
BACKGROUND: Biologic disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drugs (DMARDs: referred to as biologics) are effective in treating rheumatoid arthritis (RA), however there are few head-to-head comparison studies. Our systematic review, standard meta-analysis and network meta-analysis (NMA) updates the 2009 Cochrane overview, 'Biologics for rheumatoid arthritis (RA)' and adds new data. This review is focused on biologic or tofacitinib therapy in people with RA who had previously been treated unsuccessfully with biologics...
March 10, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28264816/eular-recommendations-for-the-management-of-rheumatoid-arthritis-with-synthetic-and-biological-disease-modifying-antirheumatic-drugs-2016-update
#11
Josef S Smolen, Robert Landewé, Johannes Bijlsma, Gerd Burmester, Katerina Chatzidionysiou, Maxime Dougados, Jackie Nam, Sofia Ramiro, Marieke Voshaar, Ronald van Vollenhoven, Daniel Aletaha, Martin Aringer, Maarten Boers, Chris D Buckley, Frank Buttgereit, Vivian Bykerk, Mario Cardiel, Bernard Combe, Maurizio Cutolo, Yvonne van Eijk-Hustings, Paul Emery, Axel Finckh, Cem Gabay, Juan Gomez-Reino, Laure Gossec, Jacques-Eric Gottenberg, Johanna M W Hazes, Tom Huizinga, Meghna Jani, Dmitry Karateev, Marios Kouloumas, Tore Kvien, Zhanguo Li, Xavier Mariette, Iain McInnes, Eduardo Mysler, Peter Nash, Karel Pavelka, Gyula Poór, Christophe Richez, Piet van Riel, Andrea Rubbert-Roth, Kenneth Saag, Jose da Silva, Tanja Stamm, Tsutomu Takeuchi, René Westhovens, Maarten de Wit, Désirée van der Heijde
Recent insights in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) necessitated updating the European League Against Rheumatism (EULAR) RA management recommendations. A large international Task Force based decisions on evidence from 3 systematic literature reviews, developing 4 overarching principles and 12 recommendations (vs 3 and 14, respectively, in 2013). The recommendations address conventional synthetic (cs) disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (DMARDs) (methotrexate (MTX), leflunomide, sulfasalazine); glucocorticoids (GC); biological (b) DMARDs (tumour necrosis factor (TNF)-inhibitors (adalimumab, certolizumab pegol, etanercept, golimumab, infliximab), abatacept, rituximab, tocilizumab, clazakizumab, sarilumab and sirukumab and biosimilar (bs) DMARDs) and targeted synthetic (ts) DMARDs (Janus kinase (Jak) inhibitors tofacitinib, baricitinib)...
June 2017: Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28260120/long-term-outcomes-of-refractory-neurosarcoidosis-treated-with-infliximab
#12
Fleur Cohen Aubart, Diane Bouvry, Damien Galanaud, Caroline Dehais, Guillaume Mathey, Dimitri Psimaras, Julien Haroche, Corinne Pottier, Miguel Hie, Alexis Mathian, Hervé Devilliers, Hilario Nunes, Dominique Valeyre, Zahir Amoura
Central nervous system localizations of sarcoidosis may be refractory to conventional treatment such as steroids and immunosuppressive drugs. Infliximab, a TNF-α antagonist chimeric antibody, has been shown to be effective for treatment of these localizations. The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy and safety, in particular the long-term outcomes, of the use of infliximab for the treatment of neurosarcoidosis. We retrospectively reviewed medical records of patients with neurosarcoidosis who had been treated with infliximab between 2009 and 2015...
May 2017: Journal of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230306/suppression-of-anti-drug-antibodies-to-infliximab-or-adalimumab-with-the-addition-of-an-immunomodulator-in-patients-with-inflammatory-bowel-disease
#13
A S Strik, G R van den Brink, C Ponsioen, R Mathot, M Löwenberg, G R D'Haens
BACKGROUND: Loss of response to anti-tumour necrosis factor (TNF) therapy in patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is often caused by anti-drug antibody formation with neutralisation of drug effect. Addition of an immunomodulator has been suggested to reduce immunogenicity, leading to regained response. AIM: To investigate whether addition of an immunomodulator to anti-TNF monotherapy could lead to anti-drug antibody suppression and regained clinical response in IBD patients...
February 23, 2017: Alimentary Pharmacology & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194815/peristomal-psoriasis
#14
C Marshall, S Woodmansey, C C Lyon
BACKGROUND: Psoriasis is a common skin condition, affecting 1.3-2.2% of the population. The prevalence of psoriasis has previously been reported as 11.2% in patients with Crohn disease (CD) and 5.7% in patients with ulcerative colitis. AIM: To assess the prevalence of psoriasis around stoma sites and identify the most effective treatment. METHODS: A departmental database of all patients attendings stoma clinic was accessed between 1 May 2003 and 15 October 2015...
February 13, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166613/melanocytic-nevus-count-and-dermoscopic-features-do-not-differ-in-psoriatic-patients-undergoing-biological-agent-versus-conventional-drug-therapy
#15
Serpil Pirmit, Nahide Onsun, Ozlem Su, Dilek B Ozkaya
BACKGROUND: Psoriasis is a chronic immune-mediated disease and treatment of psoriasis includes conventional immunosuppressive agents and biological agents. There are a few data on the relationship between psoriasis and melanocytic lesions. Either benign or malignant proliferations may be seen with immunosuppressive treatment. Eruptive nevi and malignant melanoma (MM) have been reported also associated with biological agents There is raising link biological treatment and malignancies. The objective of this paper is to examine the effects of biological agents versus conventional drugs on melanocytic nevi count and dermoscopical features...
April 2017: Giornale Italiano di Dermatologia e Venereologia: Organo Ufficiale, Società Italiana di Dermatologia e Sifilografia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160250/thiopurines-and-methotrexate-use-in-ibd-patients-in-a-biologic-era
#16
REVIEW
Gerassimos J Mantzaris
Although we have been living in the era of biologic therapy for several decades, the use of immunomodulators (primarily thiopurines [azathioprine and mercaptopurine] and less so methotrexate) still remains an important component of the inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) pharmaceutical arsenal. Thiopurines as monotherapy exert corticosteroid-sparing effects and can maintain long-term remission in a considerable proportion of patients who have frequent relapses and are or have become mesalazine and/or corticosteroid intolerant or refractory...
March 2017: Current Treatment Options in Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28147380/promises-and-dangers-of-combination-therapy
#17
REVIEW
Wolfgang Kruis, Phuong G Nguyen, Julia Morgenstern
The efficiency of the existing methods of treating inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is limited. There are 2 ways to address this problem - either create new treatment modalities or optimize current therapies. Optimisation may be accomplished by using combinations of established therapeutic strategies. With regard to topically acting compounds such as 5-aminosalicylic acid, combining oral and rectal preparations is a commonly used method. Another commonly used combination is anti-tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α antibody modalities together with immunosuppressants (thiopurines, methotrexate)...
2017: Digestive Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144615/isolated-ileal-stricture-secondary-to-antigen-negative-gi-histoplasmosis-in-a-patient-on-immunosuppressive-therapy
#18
Kyle M Rowe, Michael Green, Fredy Nehme, Nathan Tofteland
We present a case of antigen-negative disseminated histoplasmosis manifesting as an isolated ileal stricture in a patient on chronic infliximab and methotrexate. Diagnosis can be challenging due to imperfect tests, and this condition should remain in the differential, even with negative testing. Mortality of untreated disseminated histoplasmosis can be as high as 80%.
2017: ACG Case Reports Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28134599/new-onset-or-worsening-of-psoriasis-following-biologic-therapy-a-case-series
#19
Vincenzo Bruzzese, Vincenzo De Francesco, Cesare Hassan, Roberto Lorenzetti, Palma Scolieri, Cinzia Marrese, Angelo Zullo
Biologic therapies may cause so-called "paradoxical side-effects," that is, the onset or exacerbation of new symptoms/diseases for which biological treatment should be effective. Among these, psoriatic skin lesions have been described. We report a case series of ten patients with either new onset (seven cases) or worsening (three cases) of psoriasis occurring during a biologic therapy. Six patients were receiving a biologic monotherapy, while four patients were in combination treatment with methotrexate (MTX)...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of Immunopathology and Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28125553/o-005-combination-therapy-with-methotrexate-does-not-change-infliximab-pharmacokinetics-in-children-with-inflammatory-bowel-disease
#20
Valentina Shakhnovich, Leon Van Haandel, Mara Becker, Ryan Funk
BACKGROUND: There remains a question of equipoise regarding the use of anti-TNF-α agent (e.g., infliximab) monotherapy versus combination therapy with immunomodulators (e.g., methotrexate), for the treatment of pediatric Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD). The aim of this prospective cross-sectional study was to assess the impact of methotrexate (MTX) on infliximab (IFX) pharmacokinetics (i.e., serum trough levels) and infliximab antibody (anti-IFX) formation in children with IBD. METHODS: Forty-one children with IBD (9-21 yr of age), receiving maintenance IFX infusions as part of their standard-of-medical-care, had serum IFX and anti-IFX concentrations assessed via an established NF-kB luciferase gene-reporter assay (ARUP Laboratories)...
February 2017: Inflammatory Bowel Diseases
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