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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/100001001/summary-of-recommendation-statements-kdigo-2013-clinical-practice-guideline-for-lipid-management-in-chronic-kidney-disease
#1
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2013: Kidney International Supplements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28655271/one-year-results-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial-on-radial-extracorporeal-shock-wave-treatment-with-predictors-of-pain-disability-and-return-to-work-in-patients-with-subacromial-pain-syndrome
#2
Elisabeth Kvalvaag, Cecilie Røe, Kaia B Engebretsen, Helene L Soberg, Niels G Juel, Erik Bautz-Holter, Leiv Sandvik, Jens I Brox
BACKGROUND: Radial extracorporeal Shock Wave Therapy (rESWT) is increasingly used to treat patients with subacromial pain syndrome despite conflicting evidence of its effectiveness. Better knowledge regarding prognostic factors may contribute to the improvement in treatment and prognosis for the patients. AIM: The first aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of rESWT in addition to supervised exercises in patients with subacromial pain syndrome after one year...
June 27, 2017: European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28655174/diagnosis-and-management-of-osteopetrosis-consensus-guidelines-from-the-osteopetrosis-working-group
#3
Calvin C Wu, Michael J Econs, Linda A DiMeglio, Karl L Insogna, Michael A Levine, Paul J Orchard, Weston P Miller, Anna Petryk, Eric T Rush, Dolores M Shoback, Leanne M Ward, Lynda E Polgreen
Background: Osteopetrosis encompasses a group of rare metabolic bone diseases characterized by impaired osteoclast activity or development, resulting in high bone mineral density. Existing guidelines focus on treatment of the severe infantile forms with hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT), but do not address the management of patients with less severe forms for whom HCT is not the standard of care. Therefore, our objective was to develop expert consensus guidelines that would address the management of these patients...
June 26, 2017: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28655143/air-pollution-and-cardiometabolic-disease-an-update-and-call-for-clinical-trials
#4
Robert D Brook, David E Newby, Sanjay Rajagopalan
Fine particulate matter <2.5 µm (PM2.5) air pollution is a leading cause of global morbidity and mortality. The largest portion of deaths is now known to be due to cardiovascular disorders. Several air pollutants can trigger acute events (e.g., myocardial infarctions, strokes, heart failure). However, mounting evidence additionally supports that longer-term exposures pose a greater magnified risk to cardiovascular health. One explanation may be that PM2.5 has proven capable of promoting the development of chronic cardiometabolic conditions including atherosclerosis, hypertension, and diabetes mellitus...
June 24, 2017: American Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28655127/depression-screening-by-physical-therapists-practices-beliefs-barriers
#5
Patricia Fay, Susan L Edmond, Julia K Baron, Michelle Joshi
BACKGROUND: Depression, a common comorbidity encountered in physical therapy (PT) practice, negatively impacts outcomes. There is limited knowledge of PT practice patterns relative to screening for depression. OBJECTIVE: Objectives were to describe beliefs regarding depression, and identify practice patterns and perceived barriers regarding screening for depression among APTA Board Certified Orthopedic Clinical Specialist (OCS) PTs. METHODS: Surveys were distributed to all PT OCSs in the US; 416 responses were analyzed...
June 2, 2017: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28655076/-diagnosis-and-treatment-strategy-for-clinical-complete-responders-after-chemoradiotherapy-for-rectal-cancer-is-watch-and-wait-policy-safe
#6
H W Yao, Y H Liu
Neo-adjuvant chemoradiotherapy (NACRT) combined with total mesorectal excision (TME) surgery is the main treatment for locally advanced middle-low rectal cancer, and NACRT significantly improves the local control rate of rectal cancer. According to the current guidelines, patients who receive clinical complete response (cCR) after NACRT are recommended for treatment with TME surgery. A few studies have shown that the watch-and-wait (WAW) policy is safe and could ensure anorectal function and quality of life in patients with cCR...
July 1, 2017: Zhonghua Wai Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Surgery]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28655021/the-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-prostate-cancer-a-review
#7
Mark S Litwin, Hung-Jui Tan
Importance: Prostate cancer is the most common cancer diagnosis made in men with more than 160 000 new cases each year in the United States. Although it often has an indolent course, prostate cancer remains the third-leading cause of cancer death in men. Observations: When prostate cancer is suspected, tissue biopsy remains the standard of care for diagnosis. However, the identification and characterization of the disease have become increasingly precise through improved risk stratification and advances in magnetic resonance and functional imaging, as well as from the emergence of biomarkers...
June 27, 2017: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654988/consort-extension-for-chinese-herbal-medicine-formulas-2017-recommendations-explanation-and-elaboration-traditional-chinese-version
#8
Chung-Wah Cheng, Tai-Xiang Wu, Hong-Cai Shang, You-Ping Li, Douglas G Altman, David Moher, Zhao-Xiang Bian
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 27, 2017: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654980/consort-extension-for-chinese-herbal-medicine-formulas-2017-recommendations-explanation-and-elaboration
#9
Chung-Wah Cheng, Tai-Xiang Wu, Hong-Cai Shang, You-Ping Li, Douglas G Altman, David Moher, Zhao-Xiang Bian
Chinese herbal medicine (CHM) formulas are the major components of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) interventions. The general reporting quality of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of CHM formulas is disappointing, although CONSORT (Consolidated Standards of Reporting Trials) Statement extensions for herbal medicinal interventions and acupuncture interventions are available. A group of TCM clinical experts, methodologists, epidemiologists, and editors has developed this CONSORT Extension for CHM Formulas (CONSORT-CHM Formulas 2017) through a comprehensive process, including publication of the draft version, solicitation of comments, revision, and finalization...
June 27, 2017: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654958/the-impact-of-whole-genome-sequencing-on-the-primary-care-and-outcomes-of-healthy-adult-patients-a-pilot-randomized-trial
#10
Jason L Vassy, Kurt D Christensen, Erica F Schonman, Carrie L Blout, Jill O Robinson, Joel B Krier, Pamela M Diamond, Matthew Lebo, Kalotina Machini, Danielle R Azzariti, Dmitry Dukhovny, David W Bates, Calum A MacRae, Michael F Murray, Heidi L Rehm, Amy L McGuire, Robert C Green
Background: Whole-genome sequencing (WGS) in asymptomatic adults might prevent disease but increase health care use without clinical value. Objective: To describe the effect on clinical care and outcomes of adding WGS to standardized family history assessment in primary care. Design: Pilot randomized trial. (ClinicalTrials.gov: NCT01736566). Setting: Academic primary care practices. Participants: 9 primary care physicians (PCPs) and 100 generally healthy patients recruited at ages 40 to 65 years...
June 27, 2017: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654957/consort-extension-for-chinese-herbal-medicine-formulas-2017-recommendations-explanation-and-elaboration-simplified-chinese-version
#11
Chung-Wah Cheng, Tai-Xiang Wu, Hong-Cai Shang, You-Ping Li, Douglas G Altman, David Moher, Zhao-Xiang Bian
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 27, 2017: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654815/flipping-around-the-classroom-accelerated-bachelor-of-science-in-nursing-students-satisfaction-and-achievement
#12
Majeda M El-Banna, Malinda Whitlow, Angela M McNelis
BACKGROUND: The flipped classroom approach is based on shared responsibility for learning by students and teachers, and empowers students to take an active role in the learning process. While utilization of this approach has resulted in higher exam scores compared to traditional approaches in prior studies, the flipped classroom has not included learners in Accelerated Bachelor of Science in Nursing (ABSN) programs. OBJECTIVE: To examine differences on exam scores and satisfaction of teaching between a 3-week flipped and traditional classroom approach...
June 19, 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654810/metal-and-metalloid-distribution-in-different-environmental-compartments-of-the-middle-xingu-river-in-the-amazon-brazil
#13
Danielle Regina Gomes Ribeiro, Henrique Faccin, Thaís Ramos Dal Molin, Leandro Machado de Carvalho, Lílian Lund Amado
Concentrations of As, Cd, Cu, Cr, Pb, Hg, and Ni were analyzed during rainy and dry seasons in water, sediment, soil, and two fish species. The analysis took place at four points in the Xingu River, one point in the Fresco River, and two mining pits in the southeastern area of the Eastern Amazon, Brazil. In the water, the total concentration of As (>0.14μg/L) was higher than the local reference values at all sampling points and in both seasons. Ordination analysis (PCA) highlighted As and Cu elements in the water...
June 24, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654794/preclinical-evidence-of-the-anxiolytic-and-sedative-like-activities-of-tagetes-erecta-l-reinforces-its-ethnobotanical-approach
#14
Gimena Pérez-Ortega, Guadalupe Esther Angeles-López, Arturo Argueta-Villamar, María Eva González-Trujano
Morelos State is one of the regions of Mexico where several plant species are used in traditional medicine. Species from Tagetes genus (Asteraceae) are reported as useful in infusion to treat stomachache and intestinal diseases, but also as tranquilizers. In this study, medicinal uses of T. erecta including its depressant effect on the central nervous system (CNS) were explored by interviewing healers and merchants of local markets of Morelos State, and by investigation of the phytochemical and pharmacological tranquilizing properties...
June 24, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654740/evaluation-of-knowledge-and-use-of-the-malaria-prevention-measures-among-the-patients-of-the-department-of-tropical-and-parasitic-diseases-university-center-of-maritime-and-tropical-medicine-gdynia-based-on-a-questionnaire-performed-in-the-years-2012-20
#15
Anna Kuna, Michał Gajewski, Joanna Stańczak
INTRODUCTION: Every year, approximately 125 million travelers visit areas where malaria prevails, located in over 100 countries. Over 10,000 of them suffer from malaria annually. Visitors to these areas may protect themselves against infection by using chemoprophylaxis, insect repellents, appropriate clothing, sleeping in airconditioned and well-screened quarters or using mosquito nets impregnated with insecticides. AIM OF THE STUDY: The aim of this study was to gather and analyze the data about knowledge and usage of pharmacological and non-pharmacological malaria prevention methods among the patients of the University Centre for Maritime and Tropical Medicine (UCMMiT), Gdynia, Poland, in 2012-2013...
2017: Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654699/early-mobilisation-after-total-hip-or-knee-arthroplasty-a-multicentre-prospective-observational-study
#16
Matthew J Chua, Andrew J Hart, Rajat Mittal, Ian A Harris, Wei Xuan, Justine M Naylor
OBJECTIVE: Early mobilisation is recommended following total hip arthroplasty (THA) or total knee arthroplasty (TKA) to prevent venous thromboembolism (VTE). We sought to determine the proportions of patients that first mobilised on post-operative day 0 (POD 0) and factors associated with earlier time to mobilisation. METHODS: A prospective cohort study was conducted involving patients with hip or knee osteoarthritis who had undergone primary unilateral THA (n = 818) and TKA (n = 989) at 19 Australian hospitals...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654653/validity-of-using-multiple-imputation-for-unknown-stage-at-diagnosis-in-population-based-cancer-registry-data
#17
Qingwei Luo, Sam Egger, Xue Qin Yu, David P Smith, Dianne L O'Connell
BACKGROUND: The multiple imputation approach to missing data has been validated by a number of simulation studies by artificially inducing missingness on fully observed stage data under a pre-specified missing data mechanism. However, the validity of multiple imputation has not yet been assessed using real data. The objective of this study was to assess the validity of using multiple imputation for "unknown" prostate cancer stage recorded in the New South Wales Cancer Registry (NSWCR) in real-world conditions...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654601/nonsyndromic-craniosynostosis-and-associated-abnormal-speech-and-language-development
#18
Sanjay Naran, Matthew Miller, Sameer Shakir, Benjamin Ware, Liliana Camison, Matthew Ford, Jesse Goldstein, Joseph E Losee
BACKGROUND: Although many metrics for neurodevelopment in children with nonsyndromic craniosynostosis have been analyzed, few have directly examined early language acquisition and speech development. The authors characterized language acquisition and speech development in children with nonsyndromic craniosynostosis. METHODS: The authors' institutional database was queried for nonsyndromic craniosynostosis from 2000 to 2014. Patients with an identified syndrome were excluded...
July 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654554/baseline-hepatitis-b-virus-titer-predicts-initial-postpartum-hepatic-flare-a-multicenter-prospective-study
#19
Jinfeng Liu, Jing Wang, Caijing Qi, Furong Cao, Zhen Tian, Dandan Guo, Taotao Yan, Qian Li, Shujuan Yang, JianJun Fu, Xianmei Tang, Xiaoni Kou, Na Liu, Zicheng Jiang, Yingren Zhao, Tianyan Chen
BACKGROUND AND GOALS: A series of changes in the immune system occur during pregnancy and puerperium. Currently, we aim to characterize both the natural changes in liver inflammation and its association with hepatitis B viremia during this special period. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Chronic hepatitis B (CHB) gravidas were recruited and followed up to 52 weeks postpartum. Virological and biochemical parameters were assessed throughout the period. RESULTS: A total of 1097 CHB mothers had finished the entire follow-up including 451 accepting telbivudine, 178 accepting tenofovir, and 468 without antiviral therapy...
June 26, 2017: Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654550/promoters-and-barriers-to-implementation-of-tracheal-intubation-airway-safety-bundle-a-mixed-method-analysis
#20
Katherine Finn Davis, Natalie Napolitano, Simon Li, Hayley Buffman, Kyle Rehder, Matthew Pinto, Sholeen Nett, J Dean Jarvis, Pradip Kamat, Ronald C Sanders, David A Turner, Janice E Sullivan, Kris Bysani, Anthony Lee, Margaret Parker, Michelle Adu-Darko, John Giuliano, Katherine Biagas, Vinay Nadkarni, Akira Nishisaki
OBJECTIVES: To describe promoters and barriers to implementation of an airway safety quality improvement bundle from the perspective of interdisciplinary frontline clinicians and ICU quality improvement leaders. DESIGN: Mixed methods. SETTING: Thirteen PICUs of the National Emergency Airway Registry for Children network. INTERVENTION: Remote or on-site focus groups with interdisciplinary ICU staff. Two semistructured interviews with ICU quality improvement leaders with quantitative and qualitative data-based feedbacks...
June 24, 2017: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
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