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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/100001001/summary-of-recommendation-statements-kdigo-2013-clinical-practice-guideline-for-lipid-management-in-chronic-kidney-disease
#1
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No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2013: Kidney International Supplements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141397/supporting-low-income-cancer-patients-recommendations-for-the-public-financial-aid-program-in-the-republic-of-korea
#2
Hye Sook Min, Hyung Kook Yang, Keeho Park
Purpose: As the recent term of "financial toxicity" implies, cancer causes a treatment-related financial harm. Financial Aid Program for Cancer Patient (FAPCP) is a government's financial support for low-income patients in the Republic of Korea. This study aimed to describe FAPCP applicants' condition and to investigate factors influencing financial burden, which would provide the basis for implementing a strategy for FAPCP administration. Materials and Methods: The telephone survey results from 2,700 FAPCP participants were analyzed, including demographic, socioeconomic, and disease characteristics and experiences associated with financial burden and the actions or measures to cope with them...
November 15, 2017: Cancer Research and Treatment: Official Journal of Korean Cancer Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141395/beliefs-and-intentions-to-undergo-lung-cancer-screening-among-korean-males
#3
Nhung Cam Bui, Yoon Young Le, Mina Suh, Boyoung Park, Hyunsoon Cho, Yeol Kim, Kui Son Choi
Purpose: Low-dose computed tomography (LDCT) has been reported as an effective screening method for lung cancer in high-risk populations. We aimed to examine willingness to be screened among Korean males using LDCT and to determine factors associated with lung cancer screening intentions (LCS) based on the Health Belief Model (HBM). Materials and Methods: Data were obtained from the 2015 Korean National Cancer Screening Survey, a cross-sectional survey that utilized nationally representative random sampling...
November 16, 2017: Cancer Research and Treatment: Official Journal of Korean Cancer Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141319/-homozygous-ectonucleotide-pyrophosphatase-phosphodiesterase-1-variants-in-a-girl-with-hypophosphatemic-rickets-and-literature-review
#4
Z Q Liu, X B Chen, F Y Song, K Gao, M F Qiu, Y Qian, M Du
Objective: To investigate the clinical features and genetic characteristics of patients with ectonucleotide pyrophosphatase/phosphodiesterase 1 (ENPP1) gene variants. Method: The clinical data of a patient with ENPP1 homozygous variants from Capital Institute of Pediatrics was collected, the related literature was searched from China National Knowledge Infrastructure, Wanfang Data Knowledge Service Platform, National Center from Biotechnology Information and PubMed by using search term "ENPP1" , "hypophosphatemic rickets" ...
November 2, 2017: Zhonghua Er Ke za Zhi. Chinese Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141201/cardiovascular-risk-and-statin-eligibility-of-young-adults-after-an-myocardial-infarction-partners-young-mi-registry
#5
Avinainder Singh, Bradley L Collins, Ankur Gupta, Amber Fatima, Arman Qamar, David Biery, Julio Baez, Mary Cawley, Josh Klein, Jon Hainer, Jorge Plutzky, Christopher P Cannon, Khurram Nasir, Marcelo F Di Carli, Deepak L Bhatt, Ron Blankstein
BACKGROUND: Despite significant progress in primary prevention, the rate of MI has not declined in young adults. OBJECTIVES: We aimed to evaluate statin eligibility based on the 2013 American College of Cardiology / American Heart Association (ACC/AHA) guidelines for treatment of blood cholesterol and 2016 United States Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommendations for statin use in primary prevention in a cohort of adults who experienced a first-time myocardial infarction (MI) at a young age...
November 8, 2017: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141062/management-of-severe-acne-vulgaris-with-topical-therapy
#6
Linda Stein Gold, Hilary E Baldwin, Tina Lin
<p>Acne vulgaris (acne) is the most common skin disease we see in dermatology practice. Although rare in childhood, severe acne can affect up to 12% of the adolescent population. A chronic disease, it requires both aggressive management and effective maintenance strategies. Oral antibiotics, in combination with topical agents are recommended for treatment, with topical agents being continued as maintenance therapy to minimize resistance and recurrence. However, concerns with systemic side effects have recently resulted in a greater focus on the potential of fixed combination topical therapies to treat severe acne...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Drugs in Dermatology: JDD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141028/developing-methods-for-assessing-abundance-and-distribution-of-european-oysters-ostrea-edulis-using-towed-video
#7
Linnea Thorngren, Thomas Dunér Holthuis, Susanne Lindegarth, Mats Lindegarth
Due to large-scale habitat losses and increasing pressures, benthic habitats in general, and perhaps oyster beds in particular, are commonly in decline and severely threatened on regional and global scales. Appropriate and cost-efficient methods for mapping and monitoring of the distribution, abundance and quality of remaining oyster populations are fundamental for sustainable management and conservation of these habitats and their associated values. Towed video has emerged as a promising method for surveying benthic communities in a both non-destructive and cost-efficient way...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140970/clinical-impact-of-external-laryngeal-manipulation-during-laryngoscopy-on-tracheal-intubation-success-in-critically-ill-children
#8
Taiki Kojima, Elizabeth K Laverriere, Erin B Owen, Ilana Harwayne-Gidansky, Asha N Shenoi, Natalie Napolitano, Kyle J Rehder, Michelle A Adu-Darko, Sholeen T Nett, Debbie Spear, Keith Meyer, John S Giuliano, Keiko M Tarquinio, Ronald C Sanders, Jan Hau Lee, Dennis W Simon, Paula A Vanderford, Anthony Y Lee, Calvin A Brown, Peter W Skippen, Ryan K Breuer, Iris Toedt-Pingel, Simon J Parsons, Eleanor A Gradidge, Lily B Glater, Kathleen Culver, Simon Li, Lee A Polikoff, Joy D Howell, Gabrielle Nuthall, Gokul K Bysani, Ana L Graciano, Guillaume Emeriaud, Osamu Saito, Alberto Orioles, Karen Walson, Philipp Jung, Awni M Al-Subu, Takanari Ikeyama, Rakshay Shetty, Kathleen M Yoder, Vinay M Nadkarni, Akira Nishisaki
OBJECTIVES: External laryngeal manipulation is a commonly used maneuver to improve visualization of the glottis during tracheal intubation in children. However, the effectiveness to improve tracheal intubation attempt success rate in the nonanesthesia setting is not clear. The study objective was to evaluate the association between external laryngeal manipulation use and initial tracheal intubation attempt success in PICUs. DESIGN: A retrospective observational study using a multicenter emergency airway quality improvement registry...
November 14, 2017: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140964/whole-body-computed-tomography-in-severely-injured-patients
#9
Stefan Huber-Wagner, Karl-Georg Kanz, Marc Hanschen, Martijn van Griensven, Peter Biberthaler, Rolf Lefering
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To provide an update on the relevant and recent studies on whole-body computed tomography (WBCT) imaging of severely injured patients. RECENT FINDINGS: The advantages of WBCT in time saving, diagnostic accuracy and even in survival have been proven in numerous studies. WBCT can also be beneficial in haemodynamically unstable major trauma patients. The CT scanner should be located close to the emergency department or even in the trauma room. The issue of radiation is still quite important, however, iterative as well as split-bolus protocols can nowadays reduce radiation significantly...
November 14, 2017: Current Opinion in Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140927/clinical-trial-designs-and-models-for-analgesic-medications-for-acute-pain-in-neonates-infants-toddlers-children-and-adolescents-acttion-recommendations
#10
Gary A Walco, Ernest A Kopecky, Steven J Weisman, Jennifer Stinson, Bonnie Stevens, Paul J Desjardins, Charles B Berde, Elliot J Krane, Kanwaljeet Js Anand, Myron Yaster, Carlton D Dampier, Robert H Dworkin, Ian Gilron, Anne M Lynn, Lynne G Maxwell, Srinivasa Raja, Bernard Schachtel, Dennis C Turk
Clinical trials to test the safety and efficacy of analgesics across all pediatric age cohorts are needed to avoid inappropriate extrapolation of adult data to children. However, the selection of acute pain models and trial design attributes to maximize assay sensitivity, by pediatric age cohort, remains problematic. Acute pain models used for drug treatment trials in adults are not directly applicable to the pediatric age cohorts - neonates, infants, toddlers, children, and adolescents. Developmental maturation of metabolic enzymes in infants and children must be taken into consideration when designing trials to test analgesic treatments for acute pain...
November 13, 2017: Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140909/the-effects-of-load-on-peak-power-output-fatigue-during-the-bench-throw
#11
David Boffey, Bulent Sokmen, Kurt Sollanek, Wanda Boda, Steven Winter
The ability to create power is an important variable for athletic success. No study to date has compared peak power output (PPO) fatigue across multiple sets and with different loads with the bench throw. This study aimed to begin the process of establishing empirical upper body power training guidelines for moderately strong athletes by determining how load (30%, 45%, 60% 1RM) affects PPO (Watts) dropoff during 3 sets of 10 repetitions of the bench throw. 10 resistance-trained male volunteers ((mean ± SD): age 20...
November 14, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140908/heart-rate-monitoring-in-basketball-applications-player-responses-and-practical-recommendations
#12
Daniel M Berkelmans, Vincent J Dalbo, Crystal O Kean, Zoran Milanović, Emilija Stojanović, Nenad Stojiljković, Aaron T Scanlan
The aims of this review were to collate the existing literature encompassing heart rate (HR) monitoring in basketball to: (i) identify the applications of HR measurement; (ii) report HR responses in male and female players during training and game-play; (iii) evaluate use of current HR-based training load models; and (iv) provide recommendations for future research and best practice approaches for basketball practitioners. HR monitoring in basketball carries three primary applications: (i) monitoring exercise intensity; (ii) assessing player fatigue status; and (iii) quantifying internal training load...
November 13, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140876/evidence-based-guidance-to-assist-volunteers-working-with-at-risk-children-in-a-school-context
#13
Emmy De Buck, Philippe Vandekerckhove, Karin Hannes
AIM: One of the activities of the Belgian Red Cross is the 'Bridging the Gap' project, in collaboration with local schools. In this project, volunteers join the teaching staff to improve personal development goals in at-risk children with poor performance. The aim of this study was to develop evidence-based guidance for the volunteers to help them choose the right didactical approach for supporting these children. METHOD: Systematic literature searches were performed in three bibliographic databases (the Campbell Library, MEDLINE and ERIC) to find the effectiveness of 16 different didactical activities...
November 14, 2017: International Journal of Evidence-based Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140869/rhinophyma-a-treatment-review
#14
Caitlin Fink, Jeffrey Lackey, Donald J Grande
BACKGROUND: Rhinophyma is the overgrowth of sebaceous glands in nasal tissue and its etiology unclear. Without treatment, rhinophyma can be progressive and cause concern both with respect to function and cosmesis. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this work is to describe treatment options for rhinophyma and their respective risks and benefits. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A PubMed search was performed to include the terms "rhinophyma" and "treatment...
November 14, 2017: Dermatologic Surgery: Official Publication for American Society for Dermatologic Surgery [et Al.]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140858/computerized-cognitive-testing-in-primary-care-a-qualitative-study
#15
Geneva Millett, Gary Naglie, Ross Upshur, Liisa Jaakkimainen, Jocelyn Charles, Mary C Tierney
Computerized cognitive assessment tools may facilitate early identification of dementia in the primary care setting. We investigated primary care physicians' (PCPs') views on advantages and disadvantages of computerized testing based on their experience with the Computer Assessment of Mild Cognitive Impairment (CAMCI). Over a 2-month period, 259 patients, 65 years and older, from the family practice of 13 PCPs completed the CAMCI. Twelve PCPs participated in an individual interview. Generally, PCPs felt that the relationship between them and their patients helped facilitate cognitive testing; however, they thought available paper tests were time consuming and not sufficiently informative...
November 14, 2017: Alzheimer Disease and Associated Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140849/endoscopic-submucosal-dissection-for-superficial-proximal-esophageal-neoplasia-is-highly-successful
#16
Yi-Qun Zhang, Tao Chen, Chen Zhang, Quan-Lin Li, Wei-Feng Chen, Li-Qing Yao, Ping-Hong Zhou, Mei-Dong Xu
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the outcomes of endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) for superficial proximal esophageal neoplasia. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: The surgery for a tumor located in proximal esophagus is relatively difficult and leads to a high morbidity and mortality. ESD is a minimally invasive endoscopic treatment of superficial neoplasia of the gastrointestinal tract allowing en block resection with low recurrence rates; however, ESD for superficial proximal esophageal neoplasia is little known...
December 2017: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140821/retarding-progression-of-chronic-kidney-disease-use-of-modalities-that-counter-acid-retention
#17
Jeffrey A Kraut, Nicolaos E Madias
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Acid retention because of chronic kidney disease (CKD) increases tissue acidity and accelerates progression of CKD, whereas reduction in acid retention slows progression of CKD. Herein, we describe the mechanisms through which increased tissue acidity worsens CKD, modalities for countering acid retention and their impact on progression of CKD, and current recommendations for therapy. RECENT FINDINGS: Studies in animals and humans show that increased tissue acidity raises the renal levels of endothelin, angiotensin II, aldosterone, and ammoniagenesis, thereby worsening renal fibrosis and causing progression of CKD...
November 14, 2017: Current Opinion in Nephrology and Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140803/use-of-postmortem-computed-tomography-to-detect-bowel-obstruction-and-its-relationship-to-the-cause-of-death
#18
Dominic Gascho, Sarah Schaerli, Lucile Tuchtan-Torrents, Michael J Thali, Guillaume Gorincour
Bowel distension frequently indicates bowel obstruction, which is a common diagnosis in clinical radiology. Typically, symptoms and complaints lead to radiological examinations and the detection of the etiology. Untreated intestinal obstructions can lead to a fatal outcome through cardiac failure due to septic shock. Certain of these cases undergo medicolegal investigations depending on the case history, the condition of the decedent, the location of the finding, or recent visits to medical professionals. Computed tomography (CT) is a recommended method in clinical radiology for the detection of bowel obstruction, which is indicated by bowel distension and further radiological signs (eg, the whirl sign, which indicates a volvulus)...
November 15, 2017: American Journal of Forensic Medicine and Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140801/validation-of-the-microlife-bp-a3-pc-upper-arm-blood-pressure-monitor-in-patients-with-diabetes-mellitus-according-to-the-ansi-aami-iso-81060-2-2013-protocol
#19
Beate Beime, Ralf Krüger, Gertrud Hammel, Peter Bramlage, Cornelia Deutsch
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to validate the blood pressure (BP) measurement device, Microlife BP A3 PC, in patients with diabetes mellitus, according to the ANSI/AAMI/ISO 81060-2:2013 protocol. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In 85 individuals aged 56-88 years, with predefined criteria for diabetes mellitus, BP measurements on the upper arm were performed alternately using the Microlife BP A3 PC and a standard mercury reference sphygmomanometer. A total of 333 comparisons were included for analysis...
November 14, 2017: Blood Pressure Monitoring
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140730/clarifying-the-concept-social-in-risk-assessments-for-human-subjects-research
#20
Sara R Jordan, Phillip W Gray
International guidelines for the conduct of research with human participants, such as those put forth by the Council for International Organizations of Medical Sciences (CIOMS, 2002), recommend that research review committees account for social risk and benefits to society in their review of proposed research. What do the concepts "social" and "society" mean in the context of the review of human participants research? Here we analyze concepts of social and society to define the terms: social harm, social risk, social benefit, and benefits to society...
November 15, 2017: Accountability in Research
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