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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/100001001/summary-of-recommendation-statements-kdigo-2013-clinical-practice-guideline-for-lipid-management-in-chronic-kidney-disease
#1
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2013: Kidney International Supplements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29356436/health-insurance-and-use-of-recommended-routine-care-in-adults-with-cystic-fibrosis
#2
Susan S Li, Don Hayes, Joseph D Tobias, Wayne J Morgan, Dmitry Tumin
BACKGROUND: Low socioeconomic status is correlated with worse outcomes in patients with cystic fibrosis. Whether insurance status impacts adherence to care in this population is unknown. METHODS: Patients ≥18 years old in the CF Foundation Patient Registry (2005-2013) were grouped based on reported annual insurance as private, public (Medicaid, Medicare, or state medical assistance program), other, or no insurance. Random effects logistic regression evaluated association between change in insurance status and annual use of recommended routine care...
January 22, 2018: Clinical Respiratory Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29356429/the-effects-of-incubation-temperature-and-experimental-design-on-heart-rates-of-lizard-embryos
#3
Austin C Hulbert, Timothy S Mitchell, Joshua M Hall, Cassia M Guiffre, Danielle C Douglas, Daniel A Warner
Many studies of phenotypic plasticity alter environmental conditions during embryonic development, yet only measure phenotypes at the neonatal stage (after embryonic development). However, measuring aspects of embryo physiology enhances our understanding of how environmental factors immediately affect embryos, which aids our understanding of developmental plasticity. While current research on reptile developmental plasticity has demonstrated that fluctuating incubation temperatures affect development differently than constant temperatures, most research on embryo physiology is still performed with constant temperature experiments...
August 2017: Journal of Experimental Zoology. Part A, Ecological and Integrative Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29356347/measuring-exclusive-breastfeeding-social-support-scale-development-and-validation-in-uganda
#4
Godfred O Boateng, Stephanie L Martin, Shalean M Collins, Barnabas K Natamba, Sera L Young
The World Health Organization recommends exclusive breastfeeding (EBF) for 6 months and continued breastfeeding for at least 2 years. Social support has been widely recognized to influence breastfeeding practices. However, existing scales do not measure exclusive breastfeeding social support (EBFSS), rather they assess social support for any breastfeeding. Further, they are tailored towards high-income settings. Therefore, our objectives were to develop and validate a tool to measure EBFSS in low-income settings...
January 22, 2018: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29356253/current-protein-and-amino-acid-intakes-among-japanese-people-analysis-of-the-2012-national-health-and-nutrition-survey
#5
Kazuko Ishikawa-Takata, Hidemi Takimoto
AIM: To evaluate protein and amino acid intakes and distribution among Japanese people in terms of prevention of sarcopenia or frailty. METHODS: We carried out a cross-sectional study using data from Japan's 2012 National Health and Nutrition Survey. From the original dataset, we selected individuals aged ≥30 years, who were not pregnant or lactating, and for whom dietary intake, bodyweight and body height data were available. Protein intake was calculated using exclusive software developed for the survey...
January 22, 2018: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29356226/-i-know-i-m-not-invincible-an-interpretative-phenomenological-analysis-of-thyroid-cancer-in-young-people
#6
Stephanie Smith, Virginia Eatough, James Smith, Radu Mihai, Andrew Weaver, Gregory P Sadler
OBJECTIVE: Thyroid cancer is one of the most common cancers affecting young people and carries an excellent prognosis. Little is known about the psychosocial issues that face young people diagnosed with a treatable cancer. This study explored how young people experienced diagnosis, treatment, and how they made sense of an experience which challenged their views on what it means to have cancer. METHOD: Semi-structured interviews were conducted with eight young people diagnosed with either papillary or follicular thyroid cancer, and analysed with interpretative phenomenological analysis (IPA)...
January 22, 2018: British Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29356215/appearance-based-interventions-to-reduce-uv-exposure-a-systematic-review
#7
Sofia Persson, Yael Benn, Katie Dhingra, David Clark-Carter, Alison L Owen, Sarah Grogan
PURPOSE: As a majority of skin cancer cases are behaviourally preventable, it is crucial to develop effective strategies to reduce UV exposure. Health-focused interventions have not proved to be sufficiently effective, and it has been suggested that people might be more susceptible to information about the negative effects of the sun on their appearance. METHOD: This systematic review of 30 separate papers, reporting 33 individual studies published between 2005 and 2017, assesses the overall effectiveness of appearance interventions on participants' UV exposure and sun protection behaviour...
January 22, 2018: British Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29356206/survey-of-diagnostic-and-treatment-practices-for-multiple-sclerosis-in-europe-part-2-progressive-ms-paediatric-ms-pregnancy-and-general-management
#8
Oscar Fernández, Mario Delvecchio, Gilles Edan, Sten Fredrikson, Gavin Giovannoni, Hans-Peter Hartung, Eva Havrdova, Ludwig Kappos, Carlo Pozzilli, Per Soelberg Soerensen, Björn Tackenberg, Patrick Vermersch, Giancarlo Comi
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The European Charcot Foundation supported development of a set of surveys to understand current practice patterns for diagnosis and management of multiple sclerosis (MS) in Europe. Part 2 of the report summarises survey results related to secondary progressive MS (SPMS), primary progressive MS (PPMS), pregnancy, paediatric MS and overall patient management. METHODS: A steering committee of MS neurologists developed case- and practice-based questions for two sequential surveys distributed to MS neurologists throughout Europe...
January 21, 2018: European Journal of Neurology: the Official Journal of the European Federation of Neurological Societies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29356205/antiviral-potential-of-medicinal-plants-against-hiv-hsv-influenza-hepatitis-and-coxsackievirus-a-systematic-review
#9
REVIEW
Muhammad Akram, Imtiaz Mahmood Tahir, Syed Muhammad Ali Shah, Zahed Mahmood, Awais Altaf, Khalil Ahmad, Naveed Munir, Muhammad Daniyal, Suhaila Nasir, Huma Mehboob
Viral infections are being managed therapeutically through available antiviral regimens with unsatisfactory clinical outcomes. The refractory viral infections resistant to available antiviral drugs are alarming threats and a serious health concern. For viral hepatitis, the interferon and vaccine therapies solely are not ultimate solutions due to recurrence of hepatitis C virus. Owing to the growing incidences of viral infections and especially of resistant viral strains, the available therapeutic modalities need to be improved, complemented with the discovery of novel antiviral agents to combat refractory viral infections...
January 22, 2018: Phytotherapy Research: PTR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29356195/acute-coronary-syndrome-of-very-unusual-etiology
#10
Raimundo Barbosa-Barros, Andrés R Pérez-Riera, Kimmo Koivula, Jairo de Carvalho Santos, Luiz C de Abreu, Kjell Nikus
Aortitis is one of many possible manifestations of tertiary syphilis. Aortic disease is the most common of all cardiovascular syphilitic lesions. Aortic diseases caused by tertiary syphilis include aortitis, aortic root dilation, aneurysm formation, aortic regurgitation and coronary ostial stenosis. A less common manifestation of syphilitic aortitis is coronary artery ostial narrowing related to aortic wall thickening. We report a case of a 40-year-old male patient admitted with a clinical picture of acute coronary syndrome (unstable angina)...
January 21, 2018: Annals of Noninvasive Electrocardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29356098/a-systematic-review-of-the-diagnostic-accuracy-of-automated-tests-for-cognitive-impairment
#11
REVIEW
Rabeea'h W Aslam, Vickie Bates, Yenal Dundar, Juliet Hounsome, Marty Richardson, Ashma Krishan, Rumona Dickson, Angela Boland, Joanne Fisher, Louise Robinson, Sudip Sikdar
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this review is to determine whether automated computerised tests accurately identify patients with progressive cognitive impairment and, if so, to investigate their role in monitoring disease progression and/or response to treatment. METHODS: Six electronic databases (Medline, Embase, Cochrane, Institute for Scientific Information, PsycINFO, and ProQuest) were searched from January 2005 to August 2015 to identify papers for inclusion. Studies assessing the diagnostic accuracy of automated computerised tests for mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and early dementia against a reference standard were included...
January 22, 2018: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29356080/striving-to-meet-targets-for-ideal-treatment-of-acute-myocardial-infarction-in-brazil-data-from-the-midwest-region
#12
Gustavo Carvalho, Salvador Rassi, Enio Guérios, Fernando A M Curado, Ana Tereza Bastos
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the systematic chain of care for patients with acute ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) referred for primary angioplasty in a capital city in Midwestern Brazil. BACKGROUND: Acute myocardial infarction is recognized as an important cause of morbidity and mortality and as a public health problem worldwide. Early specialized care is crucial for a good prognosis. METHODS: All STEMI patients receiving care through the public health system at two tertiary care centers from March 2012 to June 2014 were retrospectively analyzed...
January 21, 2018: Journal of Interventional Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29356072/flash-forward-a-review-of-flash-glucose-monitoring
#13
REVIEW
L Leelarathna, G Wilmot
The FreeStyle Libre flash glucose monitor became available on prescription (subject to local health authority approval) in all four nations of the UK from November 2017, a watershed moment in the history of diabetes care. Calibration free, the FreeStyle Libre is a disc worn on the arm for 14 days which is designed largely to replace the recommended 4-10 painful finger-stick blood glucose tests required each day for the self-management of diabetes. This review discusses clinical data from randomized and observational studies, considers device accuracy metrics and deliberates its popularity and the potential challenges that this new device brings to diabetes care in the UK...
January 22, 2018: Diabetic Medicine: a Journal of the British Diabetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29356030/protein-in-the-hospital-gaining-perspective-and-moving-forward
#14
Adam J Kuchnia, Levi Teigen, Emily Nagel, Gerdien Ligthart-Melis, Urvashi Mulasi, Peter Weijs, Carrie P Earthman
Provision of adequate protein is crucial for optimizing outcomes in hospitalized patients. However, the methodologies upon which current recommendations are based have limitations, and little is known about true requirements in any clinical population. In this tutorial, we aim to give clinicians an understanding of how current protein recommendations were developed, an appreciation for the limitations of these recommendations, and an overview of more sophisticated approaches that can be applied to better define protein requirements...
January 22, 2018: JPEN. Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29356026/light-emitting-diodes-in-dermatology-a-systematic-review-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#15
Jared Jagdeo, Evan Austin, Andrew Mamalis, Christopher Wong, Derek Ho, Daniel Siegel
OBJECTIVE: In dermatology, patient and physician adoption of light-emitting diode (LED) medical technology continues to grow as research indicates that LEDs may be used to treat skin conditions. The goal of this systematic review is to critically analyze published randomized controlled trials (RCTs) and provide evidence-based recommendations on the therapeutic uses of LEDs in dermatology based on published efficacy and safety data. METHODS: A systematic review of the published literature on the use of LED treatments for skin conditions was performed on September 13th 2017...
January 22, 2018: Lasers in Surgery and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29356015/acetylcholine-receptor-antibody-mediated-animal-models-of-myasthenia-gravis-and-the-role-of-complement
#16
REVIEW
Linda L Kusner, Manjistha Sengupta, Henry J Kaminski
Because of the failure of many promising therapeutics identified in preclinical evaluation, funding sources have established guidelines for increased rigor in animal evaluations. The myasthenia gravis (MG) community of scientists has developed guidelines for preclinical assessment for potential MG treatments. Here, we provide a focused summary of these recommendations and the role of complement in disease development in experimental models of MG.
January 21, 2018: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29356000/generalized-reactions-during-skin-testing-with-clindamycin-in-drug-hypersensitivity-a-report-of-3-cases-and-review-of-the-literature
#17
Eleni Papakonstantinou, Sabine Müller, Jan H Röhrbein, Dorothea Wieczorek, Alexander Kapp, Thilo Jakob, Bettina Wedi
BACKGROUND: The diagnostic approach to drug hypersensitivity includes a detailed medical history, clinical examination, and skin testing and/or oral challenge with a culprit or alternative drug, depending on the type of reaction and the suspected drugs. Although skin testing is considered to be rather safe, cutaneous and systemic, including fatal, reactions have been described. OBJECTIVES: To report 3 cases with generalized delayed reactions after skin testing with clindamycin, and to review the existing literature...
January 22, 2018: Contact Dermatitis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29355999/reassessment-of-cardiovascular-parameters-and-comorbidities-in-implantable-cardioverter-defibrillator-patients-at-the-time-of-first-replacement
#18
Sandra Wuest, Raphael Twerenbold, Michael Kühne, Tobias Reichlin, Christian Sticherling, Stefan Osswald, Beat Schaer
BACKGROUND: Guidelines provide extensive recommendations regarding implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) implantation. However, ICD replacement at the time of battery depletion is rarely studied. HYPOTHESIS: Our objectives were to identify patients at high-risk of death after ICD replacement, with a reassessment of changes in risk factors and comorbidities at the time of replacement, and to determine predictors for subsequent mortality. METHODS: Patients undergoing ICD replacement for regular battery depletion were selected from a prospective single-center ICD registry...
January 22, 2018: Clinical Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29355992/antithrombotic-therapy-in-peripheral-artery-disease-a-review-of-the-euclid-trial-results-and-current-ongoing-trials
#19
REVIEW
Rachael Ward, Chandler Long, Manesh R Patel, William S Jones
In addition to risk-factor modification, antithrombotic therapy is the hallmark of management to reduce cardiovascular ischemic events in patients with peripheral artery disease (PAD). Currently, the guidelines recommend long-term antiplatelet therapy with aspirin or clopidogrel in this patient population to reduce myocardial infarction, stroke, and vascular death. Past outcomes studies have shown some benefit of ticagrelor, another antiplatelet agent, as compared with clopidogrel in patients with coronary disease and concomitant PAD...
January 22, 2018: Clinical Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29355983/early-injection-laryngoplasty-may-lower-risk-of-thyroplasty-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#20
Peter M Vila, Neel K Bhatt, Randal C Paniello
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether injection laryngoplasty within 6 months following the onset of unilateral vocal fold paralysis (UVFP) decreases the rate of permanent thyroplasty in adults. DATA SOURCES: Search strategies created by a medical librarian were implemented in multiple online research databases. REVIEW METHODS: Inclusion and exclusion criteria were designed to capture randomized clinical trials and cohort studies examining adults with UVFP who received injection laryngoplasty early in the course of treatment, within 6 months of onset, or who were observed...
January 22, 2018: Laryngoscope
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