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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/100001001/summary-of-recommendation-statements-kdigo-2013-clinical-practice-guideline-for-lipid-management-in-chronic-kidney-disease
#1
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2013: Kidney International Supplements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098954/use-of-play-therapy-in-nursing-process-a-prospective-randomized-controlled-study
#2
Emel Sezici, Ayse Ferda Ocakci, Hasibe Kadioglu
PURPOSE: Play therapy is a nursing intervention employed in multidisciplinary approaches to develop the social, emotional, and behavioral skills of children. In this study, we aim to determine the effects of play therapy on the social, emotional, and behavioral skills of pre-school children through the nursing process. DESIGN: A single-blind, prospective, randomized controlled study was undertaken. The design, conduct, and reporting of this study adhere to the Consolidated Standards of Reporting Trials (CONSORT) guidelines...
January 18, 2017: Journal of Nursing Scholarship
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098923/-ssris-and-depressive-symptoms-in-schizophrenia-a-systematic-review
#3
H G van Dijk, E A Dapper, C H Vinkers
Patients with schizophrenia frequently have depressive symptoms. Current guidelines do not provide specific recommendations regarding the treatment of these symptoms, nor do they mention the role that selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (ssris) can play in the treatment.<br/> AIM: To investigate whether ssris are more effective than placebo in treating depressive symptoms in patients with schizophrenia.<br/> METHOD: We searched the literature systematically using PubMed, embase, Cochrane Library and Psycinfo...
2017: Tijdschrift Voor Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098817/spatial-analysis-of-human-health-risk-due-to-arsenic-exposure-through-drinking-groundwater-in-taiwan-s-pingtung-plain
#4
Ching-Ping Liang, Yi-Chi Chien, Cheng-Shin Jang, Ching-Fang Chen, Jui-Sheng Chen
Chronic arsenic (As) exposure continues to be a public health problem of major concern worldwide, affecting hundreds of millions of people. A long-term groundwater quality survey has revealed that 20% of the groundwater in southern Taiwan's Pingtung Plain is clearly contaminated with a measured As concentration in excess of the maximum level of 10 µg/L recommended by the World Health Organization. The situation is further complicated by the fact that more than half of the inhabitants in this area continue to use groundwater for drinking...
January 14, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098770/can-malaysian-young-adults-report-dietary-intake-using-a-food-diary-mobile-application-a-pilot-study-on-acceptability-and-compliance
#5
Yoke San Chen, Jyh Eiin Wong, Ainaa Fatehah Ayob, Nor Effendy Othman, Bee Koon Poh
Mobile applications may improve dietary reporting among young adults due to their high accessibility and embedded camera function. This pilot study aimed to (i) evaluate users' acceptability and compliance in reporting dietary intake using a newly developed food diary mobile application (food app); and (ii) identify issues and recommendations for improving dietary assessment using this food app via quantitative and qualitative protocols. Twenty-eight university students each used a food app for seven consecutive days and attended one of five focus group interviews...
January 13, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098742/does-transection-of-the-c2-nerve-roots-during-c1-lateral-mass-screw-placement-for-atlantoaxial-fixation-result-in-a-superior-outcome-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature-and-meta-analysis
#6
Jetan H Badhiwala, Farshad Nassiri, Christopher D Witiw, Alireza Mansouri, Saleh A Almenawer, Michael G Fehlings
STUDY DESIGN: Systematic review and meta-analysis. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the clinical and functional outcomes of transection of the C2 roots during C1 lateral mass screw placement for atlantoaxial fixation. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Transection of the C2 nerve roots has been recommended during atlantoaxial fixation to facilitate C1 lateral mass screw placement and possibly reduce post-operative occipital neuralgia, although this practice remains controversial...
January 16, 2017: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098730/novel-classification-system-for-combined-hamartoma-of-the-retina-and-retinal-pigment-epithelium
#7
Vaidehi S Dedania, Cem Ozgonul, David N Zacks, Cagri G Besirli
PURPOSE: To develop an anatomical classification scheme for combined hamartoma of the retina and retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) and specify recommendations for follow-up interval. METHODS: Retrospective review of patients with combined hamartoma of the retina and RPE examined during a 7-year period (2008-2015). The clinical presentation, fundus examination, and optical coherence tomography were analyzed. RESULTS: Lesions were classified based on location, fundus features, and optical coherence tomography findings...
January 16, 2017: Retina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098674/diethylstilbestrol-potential-health-risks-for-women-exposed-in-utero-and-their-offspring
#8
J Leocadia Conlon
Diethylstilbestrol (DES) is a synthetic estrogen given to pregnant women to prevent miscarriages and preterm labor; the drug was used between 1941 and 1971 in the United States and into the 1980s in other countries. DES exposure is associated with significant long-term health effects, including increased risk for breast cancer, cervical and vaginal clear cell adenocarcinoma, reproductive tract abnormalities, infertility, poor pregnancy outcomes, and early menopause. This article reviews the potential health risks associated with DES exposure, how to assess which patients are at risk, and management recommendations for patients exposed to DES...
February 2017: JAAPA: Official Journal of the American Academy of Physician Assistants
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098670/understanding-therapeutic-hypothermia
#9
Christian S Yacono, Stephanie Eider
Therapeutic hypothermia is a relatively new protocol that can improve patients' chances of favorable neurologic outcomes after cardiac arrest. However, implementation rates remain low nationwide. This article describes recommendations for and benefits of therapeutic hypothermia in postresuscitation care.
February 2017: JAAPA: Official Journal of the American Academy of Physician Assistants
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098666/estimated-internal-and-external-radiation-exposure-of-caregivers-of-patients-with-pediatric-neuroblastoma-undergoing-131i-metaiodobenzylguanidine-therapy-a-prospective-pilot-study
#10
Sangwon Han, Seon Hee Yoo, Kyung-Nam Koh, Jong Jin Lee
PURPOSE: Current recommendations suggest that family members should participate in the care of children receiving in-hospital I metaiodobenzylguanidine (MIBG) therapy for neuroblastoma. The present study aimed to measure the external radiation exposure and estimate the internal radiation exposure of caregivers during the hospital stay for I MIBG therapy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Caregivers received radiation safety instructions and a potassium iodide solution for thyroid blockade before patient admission...
January 16, 2017: Clinical Nuclear Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098591/surviving-sepsis-campaign-international-guidelines-for-management-of-sepsis-and-septic-shock-2016
#11
Andrew Rhodes, Laura E Evans, Waleed Alhazzani, Mitchell M Levy, Massimo Antonelli, Ricard Ferrer, Anand Kumar, Jonathan E Sevransky, Charles L Sprung, Mark E Nunnally, Bram Rochwerg, Gordon D Rubenfeld, Derek C Angus, Djillali Annane, Richard J Beale, Geoffrey J Bellinghan, Gordon R Bernard, Jean-Daniel Chiche, Craig Coopersmith, Daniel P De Backer, Craig J French, Seitaro Fujishima, Herwig Gerlach, Jorge Luis Hidalgo, Steven M Hollenberg, Alan E Jones, Dilip R Karnad, Ruth M Kleinpell, Younsuk Koh, Thiago Costa Lisboa, Flavia R Machado, John J Marini, John C Marshall, John E Mazuski, Lauralyn A McIntyre, Anthony S McLean, Sangeeta Mehta, Rui P Moreno, John Myburgh, Paolo Navalesi, Osamu Nishida, Tiffany M Osborn, Anders Perner, Colleen M Plunkett, Marco Ranieri, Christa A Schorr, Maureen A Seckel, Christopher W Seymour, Lisa Shieh, Khalid A Shukri, Steven Q Simpson, Mervyn Singer, B Taylor Thompson, Sean R Townsend, Thomas Van der Poll, Jean-Louis Vincent, W Joost Wiersinga, Janice L Zimmerman, R Phillip Dellinger
OBJECTIVE: To provide an update to "Surviving Sepsis Campaign Guidelines for Management of Sepsis and Septic Shock: 2012." DESIGN: A consensus committee of 55 international experts representing 25 international organizations was convened. Nominal groups were assembled at key international meetings (for those committee members attending the conference). A formal conflict-of-interest (COI) policy was developed at the onset of the process and enforced throughout. A stand-alone meeting was held for all panel members in December 2015...
January 17, 2017: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098515/a-randomized-open-label-trial-to-assess-the-effect-of-plant-sterols-associated-with-ezetimibe-in-low-density-lipoprotein-levels-in-patients-with-coronary-artery-disease-on-statin-therapy
#12
Gisane Biacchi Gomes, Ana Denise Zazula, Leonardo Seidi Shigueoka, Rosangela Alquieri Fedato, Ana Beatriz Brenner Affonso da Costa, Luiz Cesar Guarita-Souza, Cristina Pellegrino Baena, Marcia Olandoski, José Rocha Faria-Neto
Consumption of food products enriched with plant sterols and the use of ezetimibe reduce cholesterol absorption in the intestine and effectively reduce low-density lipoprotein (LDL) plasma levels. We evaluated the therapeutic effect of the ezetimibe+plant sterol association in patients with coronary artery disease still not reaching recommended lipid levels despite the use of statins. We performed a prospective open-label study with 41 patients with stable coronary disease and LDL >70 mg/dL. Patients were randomized into four groups for a 6-week treatment: the control (CT) group remained on the same statin therapy, the ezetimibe (EZ) group received 10 mg/day of ezetimibe, the plant sterol (PS) group received spread enriched with 2 g of plant sterols, and the ezetimibe+PS (EZ+PS) group received 10 mg/day EZ +2 g PS...
January 2017: Journal of Medicinal Food
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098500/exploring-black-college-females-perceptions-regarding-hiv-prevention-message-content
#13
Rasheeta Chandler-Coley, Henry Ross, Oluwatobi Ozoya, Celia Lescano, Timothy Flannigan
Media messages can facilitate the delivery of accurate information related to HIV and sexually transmitted infection. This study's purpose was to examine preexisting media campaigns from the iMPPACS study to assess age-, gender-, and culturally appropriate components identified by African American females who attend historically Black colleges/universities. In 3 separate focus group sessions, 31 Black female college students (M age = 20) viewed 4 vignettes and heard 3 audio-only clips, then ranked and commented on them based on perceived satisfaction with HIV prevention content and appropriateness of delivery...
January 18, 2017: Journal of Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098412/a-hierarchical-modeling-approach-to-estimate-regional-acute-health-effects-of-particulate-matter-sources
#14
Jenna R Krall, Amber J Hackstadt, Roger D Peng
Exposure to particulate matter (PM) air pollution has been associated with a range of adverse health outcomes, including cardiovascular disease hospitalizations and other clinical parameters. Determining which sources of PM, such as traffic or industry, are most associated with adverse health outcomes could help guide future recommendations aimed at reducing harmful pollution exposure for susceptible individuals. Information obtained from multisite studies, which is generally more precise than information from a single location, is critical to understanding how PM impacts health and to informing local strategies for reducing individual-level PM exposure...
January 18, 2017: Statistics in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098161/modelling-of-occupational-exposure-to-inhalable-nickel-compounds
#15
Benjamin Kendzia, Beate Pesch, Dorothea Koppisch, Rainer Van Gelder, Katrin Pitzke, Wolfgang Zschiesche, Thomas Behrens, Tobias Weiss, Jack Siemiatycki, Jerome Lavoué, Karl-Heinz Jöckel, Roger Stamm, Thomas Brüning
The aim of this study was to estimate average occupational exposure to inhalable nickel (Ni) using the German exposure database MEGA. This database contains 8052 personal measurements of Ni collected between 1990 and 2009 in adjunct with information on the measurement and workplace conditions. The median of all Ni concentrations was 9 μg/m(3) and the 95th percentile was 460 μg/m(3). We predicted geometric means (GMs) for welders and other occupations centered to 1999. Exposure to Ni in welders is strongly influenced by the welding process applied and the Ni content of the used welding materials...
January 18, 2017: Journal of Exposure Science & Environmental Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098157/antibody-responses-to-trivalent-inactivated-influenza-vaccine-in-health-care-personnel-previously-vaccinated-and-vaccinated-for-the-first-time
#16
Kuan-Ying A Huang, Shih-Cheng Chang, Yhu-Chering Huang, Cheng-Hsun Chiu, Tzou-Yien Lin
Inactivated influenza vaccination induces a hemagglutinin-specific antibody response to the strain used for immunization. Annual vaccination is strongly recommended for health care personnel. However, it is debatable if repeated vaccination would affect the antibody response to inactivated influenza vaccine through the time. We enrolled health care personnel who had repeated and first trivalent inactivated influenza vaccination in 2005-2008. Serological antibody responses were measured by hemagglutination-inhibition (HI) test...
January 18, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098135/-outbreak-of-whooping-cough-in-2016-%C3%A3-cija-seville-spain
#17
Miguel Porras-Povedano, Ana Roldán-Garrido, Virginia Santacruz-Hamer
OBJECTIVE: Whooping cough is a global public health problem, is a highly contagious disease, and despite universal vaccination increased incidence is observed. The aim of this study was to describe the investigation of a population outbreak. METHODS: A descriptive study of a population outbreak of whooping cough between February and June 2016 in Ecija (Seville). Case and outbreak definitions was taken of Whooping Cough Monitoring Protocol. Information was collected from Health History, Epidemiological Monitoring System and Laboratory...
January 18, 2017: Revista Española de Salud Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098110/hepatitis-c-in-children-with-chronic-kidney-disease-a-single-center-egypt
#18
Doaa Mohammed Youssef, Hanaa Abdo, Ahmed Alakhras, Tamer Adham, Abdelnasser Hussien Mohamoud
Prevalence of hepatitis C varies largely according to geographical distribution, and Egypt so far has the highest prevalence worldwide. The aim of this study was to evaluate hepatitis C infection in chronic kidney disease (CKD) children in our center with regard to its incidence and other morbidities. This is a cross-sectional study involving 50 children with CKD, not on dialysis. All patients underwent a thorough history taking including disease duration and mean duration of admission, clinical examination including blood pressure measurements, and routine laboratory examination such as hemoglobin level, serum aspartate aminotransferase (AST), alanine aminotransferase (ALT), urea, and creatinine...
January 2017: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098065/the-treatment-of-post-thrombotic-syndrome
#19
Karina Schleimer, Mohammad Esmaeil Barbati, Alexander Gombert, Volker Wienert, Jochen Grommes, Houman Jalaie
BACKGROUND: Post-thrombotic syndrome (PTS) arises in 20-50% of patients who have sustained a deep vein thrombosis and markedly impairs their quality of life. METHODS: This review is based on pertinent publications retrieved by a selective literature search in PubMed and the Cochrane Library, and on the guidelines of the German Societies of Phlebology and Vascular Surgery (Deutsche Gesellschaft für Phlebologie, Deutsche Gesellschaft für Gefässchirurgie). RESULTS: The treatment options are conservative treatment with compression and patient exercises, endovascular recanalization with stent angioplasty, and open bypass surgery of the iliac obstructions...
December 16, 2016: Deutsches Ärzteblatt International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098058/repair-of-an-inguinoscrotal-hernia-in-a-patient-with-becker-muscular-dystrophy
#20
F Tatulli, A Caraglia, A Delcuratolo, S Cassano, G S Chetta
INTRODUCTION: Inguinal hernia repairs are routinely performed as outpatient procedures in most patients, whereas a few require admission due to clinical or social peculiarities. Muscular dystrophies are inherited disorders characterized by progressive muscle wasting and weakness. In case of surgery there is no definite recommendation for either general or regional anesthesia. CASE REPORT: This contribution regards a 48 y. o. male patient diagnosed with Becker Muscular Dystrophy by muscle biopsy 10 years earlier...
September 2017: Il Giornale di Chirurgia
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