keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Quality of life

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922167/cost-effectiveness-of-primarily-surgical-versus-primarily-conservative-treatment-of-acute-and-subacute-radiculopathies-due-to-intervertebral-disc-herniation-from-the-swiss-perspective
#1
Zanfina Ademi, Viktoria Gloy, Dominik Glinz, Heike Raatz, Joris Van Stiphout, Heiner C Bucher, Matthias Schwenkglenks
AIMS OF THE STUDY: To assess the cost-effectiveness of primarily surgical treatment (PST) versus primarily conservative treatment (PCT) in adults with intermediate severity, acute or subacute, lumbar radicular syndrome due to intervertebral disc herniation. METHODS: A decision analytic model from healthcare system and societal perspectives was used to compare outcomes and costs of PST with those of PCT (physiotherapy, epidural injection and medication). Treatment pathways and quality of life were obtained from published clinical trials...
2016: Swiss Medical Weekly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922147/factors-affecting-quality-of-life-in-adult-patients-with-thalassaemia-major-and-intermedia
#2
Gin Gin Gan, Yuen Ling Hue, Jameela Sathar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Annals of the Academy of Medicine, Singapore
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922089/elderly-patients-have-an-altered-gut-brain-axis-regardless-of-the-presence-of-cirrhosis
#3
Jasmohan S Bajaj, Vishwadeep Ahluwalia, Joel L Steinberg, Sarah Hobgood, Peter A Boling, Michael Godschalk, Saima Habib, Melanie B White, Andrew Fagan, Edith A Gavis, Dinesh Ganapathy, Phillip B Hylemon, Karen E Stewart, Raffi Keradman, Eric J Liu, Jessica Wang, Patrick M Gillevet, Masoumeh Sikaroodi, F Gerard Moeller, James B Wade
Cognitive difficulties manifested by the growing elderly population with cirrhosis could be amnestic (memory-related) or non-amnestic (memory-unrelated). The underlying neuro-biological and gut-brain changes are unclear in this population. We aimed to define gut-brain axis alterations in elderly cirrhotics compared to non-cirrhotic individuals based on presence of cirrhosis and on neuropsychological performance. Age-matched outpatients with/without cirrhosis underwent cognitive testing (amnestic/non-amnestic domains), quality of life (HRQOL), multi-modal MRI (fMRI go/no-go task, volumetry and MR spectroscopy), blood (inflammatory cytokines) and stool collection (for microbiota)...
December 6, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922028/a-randomized-double-blind-placebo-controlled-trial-to-examine-the-effectiveness-of-lubiprostone-on-constipation-symptoms-and-colon-transit-time-in-diabetic-patients
#4
Jennifer Christie, Sagar Shroff, Nikrad Shahnavaz, Latoya A Carter, Melanie S Harrison, Karan A Dietz-Lindo, John Hanfelt, Shanthi Srinivasan
OBJECTIVES: Constipation is the most common GI symptom in patients with diabetes mellitus (DM). Importantly, patients with constipation have lower health-related quality of life than those without constipation. Effective therapies for constipation are limited and there is a paucity of data evaluating the treatment of constipation in diabetics. METHODS: Diabetic patients with chronic idiopathic constipation (CIC) as defined by Rome III criteria were recruited from outpatient clinics at a tertiary-care center and a Veterans Administration Hospital...
December 6, 2016: American Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921992/the-hubble-trial-haemorrhoidal-artery-ligation-hal-versus-rubber-band-ligation-rbl-for-symptomatic-second-and-third-degree-haemorrhoids-a-multicentre-randomised-controlled-trial-and-health-economic-evaluation
#5
Steven Brown, Jim Tiernan, Katie Biggs, Daniel Hind, Neil Shephard, Mike Bradburn, Allan Wailoo, Abualbishr Alshreef, Lizzie Swaby, Angus Watson, Simon Radley, Oliver Jones, Paul Skaife, Anil Agarwal, Pasquale Giordano, Marc Lamah, Mark Cartmell, Justin Davies, Omar Faiz, Karen Nugent, Andrew Clarke, Angus MacDonald, Phillip Conaghan, Paul Ziprin, Rohit Makhija
BACKGROUND: Optimal surgical intervention for low-grade haemorrhoids is unknown. Rubber band ligation (RBL) is probably the most common intervention. Haemorrhoidal artery ligation (HAL) is a novel alternative that may be more efficacious. OBJECTIVE: The comparison of HAL with RBL for the treatment of grade II/III haemorrhoids. DESIGN: A multicentre, parallel-group randomised controlled trial. PERSPECTIVE: UK NHS and Personal Social Services...
November 2016: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921421/-education-of-a-patient-with-diabetes-an-integral-part-of-complex-therapy
#6
Alena Adamíková
Determination of the diagnosis of diabetes mellitus means a radical life change for a patient. Education of a patient with diabetes means the provision of essential information and practical guidance for linkage of the disease with the life style of the patient for the purpose of providing the required control of the disease, to gain the necessary knowledge for self-care management of the disease in collaboration with the education team. Education is a permanent integral part of the complex therapy of diabetes, adaptation to the phases of the disease, targeting not only the patient but immediate family...
2016: Vnitr̆ní Lékar̆ství
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921413/short-time-efficiency-of-rhinophototherapy-in-management-of-patients-with-allergic-rhinitis-resistant-to-medical-therapy
#7
Soheila Alyasin, Seyed Hesamedin Nabavizadeh, Hamidreza Houshmand, Hossein Esmaeilzadeh, Sina Jelodar, Reza Amin
Allergic rhinitis is one of the most common health problems with a major effect on the quality of life. We intended to treat Allergic Rhinitis (AR) in patients who are either unresponsive to antihistamines or their job requires optimal alertness that may be disturbed by antihistamine's side effects and those who do not comply with the regular use. We tried short term phototherapy and evaluated its effect on AR. As phototherapy is effective in the treatment of atopic dermatitis (AD) and the same allergens can produce both AD and AR, phototherapy is proposed as a new tool in the AR treatment...
August 2016: Iranian Journal of Allergy, Asthma, and Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921374/efficacy-of-a-novel-granulocyte-monocyte-apheresis-adsorber-device-in-the-treatment-of-inflammatory-bowel-diseases-a-pilot-study
#8
Maria Di Girolamo, Alessandro Sartini, Rosina Critelli, Angela Bertani, Alberto Merighi, Erica Villa
Granulocyte monocyte apheresis (GMA) is a non-pharmacological treatment for inflammatory bowel disease. In our study, we tested a novel GMA adsorber device in terms of clinical efficacy and safety in patients' non-response to pharmacological therapy. Secondary outcomes were the evaluation of adsorber's technical performance, the reduction of inflammatory markers and the improvement of patients' life quality. The prospective study included 18 patients enrolled from 2011 to 2012 with a monitoring of 48 weeks...
December 5, 2016: Therapeutic Apheresis and Dialysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921331/living-in-limbo-latinas-assessment-of-lower-rio-grande-valley-colonias-communities
#9
DeAnne K Hilfinger Messias, Patricia A Sharpe, Lourdes Del Castillo-González, Laura Treviño, Deborah Parra-Medina
Community asset mapping (CAM) is the collective process of identifying local assets and strategizing processes to address public health issues and concerns and improve quality of life. Prior to implementing a community-based physical activity intervention with Latinas in the Texas Lower Rio Grande Valley, promotoras [community health workers] conducted 16 interactive sessions in 8 colonias. The analysis of the transcribed CAM recordings and on-site observational data resulted in the construction of Living in Limbo as the thematic representation of these Latinas' social isolation and marginalization associated with pervasive poverty, undocumented immigration status or lack of citizenship, their fears emanating from threats to physical and emotional safety, and the barriers created by lack of availability and access to resources...
December 5, 2016: Public Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921276/relationship-between-physician-adjudicated-adverse-events-and-patient-reported-health-related-quality-of-life-in-a-phase-ii-clinical-trial-nct01143402-of-patients-with-metastatic-uveal-melanoma
#10
Thomas M Atkinson, Jennifer L Hay, Alexander Shoushtari, Yuelin Li, Daniel J Paucar, Sloane C Smith, Ragini R Kudchadkar, Austin Doyle, Jeffrey A Sosman, Jorge Fernando Quevedo, Mohammed M Milhem, Anthony M Joshua, Gerald P Linette, Thomas F Gajewski, Jose Lutzky, David H Lawson, Christopher D Lao, Patrick J Flynn, Mark R Albertini, Takami Sato, Karl Lewis, Brian Marr, David H Abramson, Mark Andrew Dickson, Gary K Schwartz, Richard D Carvajal
PURPOSE: Clinical trials commonly use physician-adjudicated adverse event (AE) assessment via the common terminology criteria for adverse events (CTCAE) for decision-making. Patient-reported health-related quality of life (HRQoL) data are becoming more frequent in oncology; however, the relationship between physician-adjudicated AE assessment and HRQoL is understudied. METHODS: Data from a phase II trial (clinicaltrials.gov identifier: NCT01143402) where patients with metastatic uveal melanoma were randomized to receive selumetinib, an oral MEK inhibitor, or chemotherapy were analyzed...
December 5, 2016: Journal of Cancer Research and Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921251/skin-manifestations-of-insulin-resistance-from-a-biochemical-stance-to-a-clinical-diagnosis-and-management
#11
REVIEW
Gloria González-Saldivar, René Rodríguez-Gutiérrez, Jorge Ocampo-Candiani, José Gerardo González-González, Minerva Gómez-Flores
Worldwide, more than 1.9 billion adults are overweight, and around 600 million people suffer from obesity. Similarly, ~382 million individuals live with diabetes, and 40-50% of the global population is labeled at "high risk" (i.e., prediabetes). The impact of these two chronic conditions relies not only on the burden of illnesses per se (i.e., associated increased morbidity and mortality), but also on their increased cost, burden of treatment, and decreased health-related quality of life. For this review a comprehensive search in several databases including PubMed (MEDLINE), Ovid EMBASE, Web of Science, and Scopus was conducted...
December 5, 2016: Dermatology and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921129/-shoulder-endoprosthesis-in-the-elderly-hemiarthroplasty-or-total-shoulder-arthroplasty-anatomic-or-reverse
#12
J Kircher
Implantation of reverse shoulder endoprostheses is becoming more popular for elderly patients besides the well-established standard anatomic endoprostheses. The reasons for this are the increased life expectancy, age-dependent degeneration of the rotator cuff leading to cuff tear arthropathy, posttraumatic disability after failed osteosynthesis and primary reverse fracture arthroplasty. Stemless implants are more frequently used for primary osteoarthritis with the bone quality being the limiting factor. Modern implant systems allow the stepwise extension from bone preserving primary implants to modular and convertible revision implants that allow a partial exchange of components...
December 5, 2016: Der Orthopäde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921046/weight-management-in-primary-care
#13
REVIEW
Susanne Maurer
BACKGROUND: Obesity is one of the greatest public health challenges worldwide. It is not only a medical but also a philosophical, ecological, economic, sociocultural, and psychological problem as well as a severe consequence of our modern value definition to 'receive more and more'. Therefore, physicians are not able to treat obesity broadly and should not be used as tools to achieve certain weight goals. METHODS: This article presents an outline of conservative obesity therapy...
October 2016: Visceral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921028/two-year-results-after-convective-radiofrequency-water-vapor-thermal-therapy-of-symptomatic-benign-prostatic-hyperplasia
#14
Christopher M Dixon, Edwin Rijo Cedano, Dalibor Pacik, Vítězslav Vit, Gabriel Varga, Lennart Wagrell, Thayne R Larson, Lance A Mynderse
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to assess the effectiveness and safety of convective radiofrequency (RF) water vapor thermal therapy in men with lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) associated with benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH); a pilot study design with 2-year follow-up evaluations. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Men aged ≥45 years with an International Prostate Symptom Score ≥13, a maximum urinary flow rate (Qmax) ≤15 mL/s, and prostate volume 20-120 cc were enrolled in a prospective, open-label pilot study using convective RF water vapor energy with the Rezūm System...
2016: Research and Reports in Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921008/age-related-differences-in-the-luminal-and-mucosa-associated-gut-microbiome-of-broiler-chickens-and-shifts-associated-with-campylobacter-jejuni-infection
#15
Wageha A Awad, Evelyne Mann, Monika Dzieciol, Claudia Hess, Stephan Schmitz-Esser, Martin Wagner, Michael Hess
Despite the importance of gut microbiota for broiler performance and health little is known about the composition of this ecosystem, its development and response towards bacterial infections. Therefore, the current study was conducted to address the composition and structure of the microbial community in broiler chickens in a longitudinal study from day 1 to day 28 of age in the gut content and on the mucosa. Additionally, the consequences of a Campylobacter (C.) jejuni infection on the microbial community were assessed...
2016: Frontiers in Cellular and Infection Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920861/colon-cancer-metastasis-to-the-sternum-palliative-treatment-with-radiofrequency-ablation-and-cement-injection
#16
Bryan E Wessel, Douglas Coldwell
Colon cancer metastasis to bone is extremely rare and has devastating consequences on patients' quality of life. Furthermore, radiofrequency ablation in conjunction with cementoplasty to nonweight bearing, flat bones has not been widely reported as palliative treatment for pain as a result of bone metastasis. Here, we present a case of a 47-year-old man who developed a sternal metastasis from an invasive adenocarcinoma of the colon originally diagnosed several years prior. The pain from the metastasis was originally treated with external beam radiation therapy, but after 6 weeks of continuous pain, it was retreated using radiofrequency ablation in conjunction with cementoplasty...
December 2016: Radiology case reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920816/concomitant-extraspinal-hyperostosis-and-osteoporosis-in-a-patient-with-congenital-ichthyosis
#17
Niloufar Torkamani, Pramit Phal, Ravi Savarirayan, Peter Simm, George Varigos, John Wark
Ichthyosiform dermatosis is a term referred to a group of disorders that have as their basis a disorder of keratinization (1). These conditions which are present at birth result in a generalized dry, scaly skin without any inflammation. There are several types of ichthyosis based on their clinical presentation and mode of inheritance. The most common types are: ichthyosis vulgaris, X-linked recessive ichthyosis, epidermolytic hyperkeratosis (bullous), lamellar ichthyosis and non-bullous ichthyosiform erythroderma...
May 2016: Clinical Cases in Mineral and Bone Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920807/underdiagnosis-of-osteoporotic-vertebral-fractures-in-patients-with-fragility-fractures-retrospective-analysis-of-over-300-patients
#18
Vanna Bottai, Stefano Giannotti, Gloria Raffaetà, Maurizio Mazzantini, Francesco Casella, Gaia De Paola, Agnese Menconi, Francesca Falossi, Giulio Guido
Osteoporosis (OP) is a silent disease unless a fracture occurs; it is a major health problem, mainly due to fragility fractures, that occur at vertebral and peripheral sites. Vertebral fractures (VF) are probably the most common fragility fractures, but they go often unrecognized. The main clinical symptoms of VF are acute and chronic back pain, spinal deformity, reduced mobility and impaired quality of life. They are frequently associated with other fragility fractures. We examined 478 patients at our outpatient clinic, who were referred for fragility fracture occurrence...
May 2016: Clinical Cases in Mineral and Bone Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920803/bone-pain-mechanism-in-osteoporosis-a-narrative-review
#19
REVIEW
Consalvo Mattia, Flaminia Coluzzi, Ludovica Celidonio, Renato Vellucci
Bone pain in elderly people dramatically affects their quality of life, with osteoporosis being the leading cause of skeletal related events. Peripheral and central mechanisms are involved in the pathogenesis of the nervous system sensitization. Osteoporosis in the elderly has been associated with increased density of bone sensory nerve fibers and their pathological modifications, together with an over-expression of nociceptors sensitized by the lowering pH due to the osteoclastic activity. The activation of N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptors and the microglia, as a response to a range of pathological conditions, represent the leading cause of central sensitization...
May 2016: Clinical Cases in Mineral and Bone Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920720/validation-of-online-versions-of-tinnitus-questionnaires-translated-into-swedish
#20
Karolina Müller, Niklas K Edvall, Esma Idrizbegovic, Robert Huhn, Rilana Cima, Viktor Persson, Constanze Leineweber, Hugo Westerlund, Berthold Langguth, Winfried Schlee, Barbara Canlon, Christopher R Cederroth
Background: Due to the lack of objective measures for assessing tinnitus, its clinical evaluation largely relies on the use of questionnaires and psychoacoustic tests. A global assessment of tinnitus burden would largely benefit from holistic approaches that not only incorporate measures of tinnitus but also take into account associated fears, emotional aspects (stress, anxiety, and depression), and quality of life. In Sweden, only a few instruments are available for assessing tinnitus, and the existing tools lack validation...
2016: Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience
keyword
keyword
2585
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"