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Quality of life

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783275/assessment-of-likelihood-ratio-for-four-contact-dermatitis-symptoms-of-vinca-minor
#1
Suman Bagchi, Chaturbhuja Nayak, Lex Rutten, Munmun Koley, Subhranil Saha, Mousumi Roy, Sk Jahir Abbas, Simantini Ghosh, Suman Halder, Ghulam Nabi Wani, Anaitulah Ahmad Mir, Showket Ahmad Bhat
BACKGROUND:  Contact dermatitis (CD) is a frequently occurring medical condition, for which Vinca minor (VM) is one of the recommended homeopathic medicines. However, the symptoms indicating this medicine have not yet been assessed systematically. Likelihood ratio (LR), based on Bayesian statistics, may yield better estimation of a medicine's indication than the existing method of entry of symptoms into materia medica and repertories. METHODS:  We investigated LRs of four CD symptoms of VM: (1) great sensitiveness of skin, with redness and soreness from slightest rubbing; (2) weeping eczema with foul, thick crusts; (3) itching amelioration in open air; and (4) CD of scalp...
May 21, 2018: Homeopathy: the Journal of the Faculty of Homeopathy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783241/-assessment-of-the-life-quality-for-patients-with-chronic-pancreatitis
#2
Viktor A Ohniev, Pavlo O Trehub
OBJECTIVE: Introduction: The relevance of study, assessment and prediction of the life quality of patients with chronic pancreatitis to improve the provision of medical care and rehabilitation is high, since it allows to solve a number of important medical, social and economic problems of society. The aim: The aim: To study, evaluate and develop a model for the quality of life assessment in patients with chronic pancreatitis. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Materials and methods: The primary material was the results of a sociological study of patients with chronic pancreatitis conducted by the authors - 300 questionnaires...
2018: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783240/-effect-of-preventive-treatment-on-cognitive-performance-in-patients-with-multiple-sclerosis
#3
Maria S Shorobura
OBJECTIVE: Introduction: cognitive, emotional and psychopathological changes play a significant role in the clinical picture of multiple sclerosis and influence the effectiveness of drug therapy, working capacity, quality of life, and the process of rehabilitation of patients with multiple sclerosis. The aim: investigate the changes in cognitive function in patients with multiple sclerosis, such as information processing speed and working memory of patients before and after treatment with immunomodulating drug...
2018: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783205/individual-approach-to-the-treatment-of-obese-copd-patients-can-reduce-anthropometric-indicators-the-level-of-systemic-inflammation-and-improve-the-quality-of-life
#4
Lesia V Savchenko, Igor P Kaidashev
OBJECTIVE: Introduction: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and obesity are major causes of morbidity and mortality worldwide, and according to current estimates, the global burden of these conditions will be even greater. The basis for COPD treatment is bronchodilator therapy and non-pharmacotherapy approaches, such as respiratory rehabilitation and dietary counseling. The aim of this study was to assess the impact of lifestyle modification on anthropometric indices, markers of systemic inflammation, quality of life in patients with COPD and obesity...
2018: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783191/ganga-water-pollution-a-potential-health-threat-to-inhabitants-of-ganga-basin
#5
REVIEW
Sanjay Dwivedi, Seema Mishra, Rudra Deo Tripathi
BACKGROUND: The water quality of Ganga, the largest river in Indian sub-continent and life line to hundreds of million people, has severely deteriorated. Studies have indicated the presence of high level of carcinogenic elements in Ganga water. OBJECTIVES: We performed extensive review of sources and level of organic, inorganic pollution and microbial contamination in Ganga water to evaluate changes in the level of various pollutants in the recent decade in comparison to the past and potential health risk for the population through consumption of toxicant tainted fishes in Ganga basin...
May 18, 2018: Environment International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783184/postoperative-outcomes-in-patients-with-a-do-not-resuscitate-dnr-order-undergoing-elective-procedures
#6
Ethan Y Brovman, Elisa C Walsh, Brittany N Burton, Christine E Kuo, Charlotta Lindvall, Rodney A Gabriel, Richard D Urman
STUDY OBJECTIVE: Do-not-resuscitate (DNR) status has been shown to be an independent risk factor for mortality in the post-operative period. Patients with DNR orders often undergo elective surgeries to alleviate symptoms and improve quality of life, but there are limited data on outcomes for informed decision making. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. SETTING: A multi-institutional setting including operating room, postoperative recovery area, inpatient wards, and the intensive care unit...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783091/mind-at-home-streamlined-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-trial-of-home-based-care-coordination-for-persons-with-dementia-and-their-caregivers
#7
Quincy M Samus, Betty Smith Black, Melissa Reuland, Jeannie-Marie S Leoutsakos, Laura Pizzi, Kevin D Frick, David L Roth, Laura N Gitlin, Constantine G Lyketsos, Deirdre Johnston
BACKGROUND: Dementia is associated with high health care costs, premature long-term care (LTC) placement, medical complications, reduced quality of life, and caregiver burden. Most health care providers and systems are not yet organized or equipped to provide comprehensive long-term care management for dementia, although a range of effective symptoms and supportive care approaches exist. The Maximizing Independence at Home-Streamlined (MIND-S) is a promising model of home-based dementia care coordination designed to efficiently improve person-centered outcomes, while reducing care costs...
May 18, 2018: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783065/participation-in-daily-life-influence-on-quality-of-life-in-ambulatory-children-with-cerebral-palsy
#8
Jaclyn Omura, Molly Fuentes, Kristie Bjornson
BACKGROUND: Cerebral palsy is a chronic condition which affects children and has an impact on social and physical activity, as well as participation in daily life. Participation and quality of life are two important measures of successful rehabilitation that have not been well studied in children with cerebral palsy. OBJECTIVE: To report levels of participation and examine the relationship of participation to quality of life (QOL) in ambulatory children with cerebral palsy (CP) DESIGN: Secondary analysis, cross-sectional cohort study SETTING: Regional pediatric specialty care center PARTICIPANTS: A cohort of 128 ambulatory children with CP, Gross Motor Function Classification System (GMFCS) levels I-III, age 2-9 years INTERVENTIONS: Not Applicable MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory (PedsQL); Assessment of Life Habits (LIFE-H); Children's Assessment of Participation and Enjoyment and Assessment of Preschool Children's Participation (CAPE/APCP)...
May 18, 2018: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783046/bacterial-community-of-industrial-raw-sausage-packaged-in-modified-atmosphere-throughout-the-shelf-life
#9
Stefano Raimondi, Maria Rosaria Nappi, Tiziana Maria Sirangelo, Alan Leonardi, Alberto Amaretti, Alessandro Ulrici, Rudy Magnani, Chiara Montanari, Giulia Tabanelli, Fausto Gardini, Maddalena Rossi
Ten lots of industrial raw sausages in modified atmosphere (CO2 30%, O2 70%), produced in the same plant over 7 months, were analyzed at the day after production (S samples) and at the end of shelf life (E samples), after 12 days storage at 7 °C to simulate thermal abuse. Quality of the products was generally compromised by storage at 7 °C, with only 3 E samples without alterations. During the shelf life, the pH decreased for the accumulation of acetic and lactic acids. A few biogenic amines accumulated, remaining below acceptable limits...
April 28, 2018: International Journal of Food Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782977/preparation-and-properties-of-polylactic-acid-tea-polyphenol-chitosan-composite-membranes
#10
Jingsong Ye, Shuyao Wang, Weijie Lan, Wen Qin, Yaowen Liu
To study the properties of composite membranes consisting of polylactic acid (PLA), tea polyphenol (TP), and chitosan (CS), the stretch film method was employed to make PLA-TP- CS composite membranes of different concentrations. By testing the density, mechanical properties, heat-sealing performance, water vapor permeability, and solubility of the pure PLA membrane and the composite membranes, the comprehensive performance of the composite membranes were analyzed with regard to the actual use value. The results show that, compared with the pure PLA membrane, adding TP and CS significantly increases the heat-sealing strength, water vapor permeability, and solubility of the composite membrane...
May 18, 2018: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782631/reflections-on-end-of-life-dialysis
#11
Manuel Carlos Martins Castro
The world population is aging and diseases such as diabetes mellitus and systemic arterial hypertension are increasing the risk of patients developing chronic kidney disease, leading to an increase in the prevalence of patients on dialysis. The expansion of health services has made it possible to offer dialysis treatment to an increasing number of patients. At the same time, dialysis survival has increased considerably in the last two decades. Thus, patients on dialysis are becoming more numerous, older and with greater number of comorbidities...
May 17, 2018: Jornal Brasileiro de Nefrologia: ʹorgão Oficial de Sociedades Brasileira e Latino-Americana de Nefrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782567/quality-of-life-for-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-patients-in-the-age-of-immunotherapy
#12
EDITORIAL
Robert A Ramirez, Jonathan Lu, Katharine E H Thomas
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: Translational Lung Cancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782479/basic-training-a-pilot-study-of-balance-strengthening-exercises-in-heart-failure
#13
Rita McGuire, Julie Honaker, Bunny Pozehl, Melody Hertzog
PURPOSE: The aim of this pilot study was to evaluate the effect of a multicomponent balance and resistance training intervention on physical function, balance, and falls in older (≥65 years) community-dwelling heart failure (HF) patients. DESIGN: Randomized, two-group repeated-measures experimental design. METHODS: The intervention involved once weekly supervised group sessions with home sessions encouraged twice weekly. Focus groups held pre/post intervention...
May 19, 2018: Rehabilitation Nursing: the Official Journal of the Association of Rehabilitation Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782477/sociodemographic-factors-affecting-the-disease-acceptance-and-the-quality-of-life-in-patients-with-parkinson-s-disease-a-preliminary-study
#14
Joanna Rosińczuk, Aleksandra Pytel, Aleksandra Kołtuniuk
PURPOSE: Parkinson's disease (PD) significantly affects functioning of patients, thereby lowering their quality of life. The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of sociodemographic variables on illness acceptance and quality of life in patients with idiopathic PD. DESIGN: This is a cross-sectional research study. METHODS: The study was conducted with 50 patients with PD. The diagnostic survey method was applied for the purposes of this study with the use of the Parkinson's Disease Questionnaire, the Acceptance of Illness Scale, and a study-specific demographic questionnaire that included questions about sociodemographic data...
May 19, 2018: Rehabilitation Nursing: the Official Journal of the Association of Rehabilitation Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782347/current-questions-in-bone-sarcomas
#15
Sandra J Strauss, Jeremy S Whelan
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Osteosarcoma and Ewing sarcoma, the most common primary bone tumours in young people, are curable in most patients. However, these tumours remain a significant challenge due to the complexity and intensity of treatment and its long-term morbidity and the significant proportion of patients in whom treatment is unsuccessful. This review addresses questions about current management and emerging therapeutic targets for patients with osteosarcoma, Ewing sarcoma and chondrosarcoma, the commonest bone sarcoma but more common in older patients...
May 17, 2018: Current Opinion in Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782287/-a-retrospective-analysis-of-the-quality-of-treatment-preceding-acute-coronary-syndrome-in-real-outpatient-practice-in-patients-with-atrial-fibrillation-local-register-data
#16
E I Tarlovskaya, J A Dorofeeva, S V Malcikova
AIM: To study retrospectively the treatment preceding acute coronary syndrome (ACS) in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) in real-life outpatient practice on the territory of Kirov Region. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The registry included 163 patients with AF who were undergoing rehabilitation following ACS (ACS occurred.
2018: Kardiologiia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782279/-response-predictors-for-physical-training-hfref-patients
#17
V L Galenko, T A Lelyavina, M Y Sitnikova
PURPOSE: To identify different types and possible predictors of physical rehabilitation (PR) response in reduced ejection fraction heart failure (HFrEF) patients, selected on the basis of achievement the lactate threshold during cardiopulmonary exercising test (CPET). METHODS: 64 patients, chronic heart failure (CHF) NYHA II-III functional class were included in our study. Mean age 54±12,5 years, body mass index (BMI) 26,5±6,4 kg/m2, ejection fraction (EF) 26,4±1,4 %, NYHA II: III (67 %: 33 % patients)...
2018: Kardiologiia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782212/national-impact-of-the-epec-pediatrics-enhanced-train-the-trainer-model-for-delivering-education-on-pediatric-palliative-care
#18
Kimberley Widger, Joanne Wolfe, Stefan Friedrichsdorf, Jason D Pole, Sarah Brennenstuhl, Stephen Liben, Mark Greenberg, Eric Bouffet, Harold Siden, Amna Husain, James A Whitlock, Myra Leyden, Adam Rapoport
BACKGROUND: Lack of pediatric palliative care (PPC) training impedes successful integration of PPC principles into pediatric oncology. OBJECTIVES: We examined the impact of an enhanced implementation of the Education in Palliative and End-of-Life Care for Pediatrics (EPEC® -Pediatrics) curriculum on the following: (1) knowledge dissemination; (2) health professionals' knowledge; (3) practice change; and (4) quality of PPC. DESIGN: An integrated knowledge translation approach was used with pre-/posttest evaluation of care quality...
May 21, 2018: Journal of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782211/attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-symptoms-depression-risk-and-quality-of-life-in-black-pregnant-women
#19
Heather A Jones, Laura D Eddy, Elizaveta Bourchtein, Amanda M Parks, Tiffany L Green, Nicole W Karjane, Dace S Svikis
BACKGROUND: Experiencing mental health difficulties during pregnancy predicts a variety of quality-of-life (QoL) outcomes for Black women. However, one area of prenatal mental health remains underresearched: attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Given the impairments reported by adults with significant symptoms of ADHD and the linkages between depression and ADHD in nonpregnant samples, the current study aimed to examine the relationships among ADHD symptoms, depression, and QoL in Black pregnant women...
May 21, 2018: Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782202/extraversion-and-openness-to-experience-moderate-the-relationship-between-orthodontic-treatment-need-and-oral-health-related-quality-of-life-in-adolescents-a-cross-sectional-study
#20
Cihan Aydoğan
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of personality traits to moderate the relationships between orthodontic treatment need and oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) in adolescents. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was performed that included 230 subjects (125 girls and 105 boys) aged 11-14 years. Orthodontic treatment need was measured using the Index of Complexity, Outcome and Need (ICON). The Child Perceptions Questionnaire, the Basic Personality Traits Inventory (BPTI), and the Revised Life Orientation Test were used to assess the OHRQoL, basic personality dimensions, and dispositional optimism respectively...
May 22, 2018: Angle Orthodontist
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