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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426839/medical-history-in-the-hellenic-journal-of-nuclear-medicine
#1
EDITORIAL
Andreas Otte, Byeong Cheol Ahn
The Hellenic Journal of Nuclear Medicine is about to celebrate its 20th anniversary end of 2017. On board of the editorial team since 2003, this journal has influenced me like a good friend over the many past years. From time to time, the journal has published interesting and valuable historical notes. They show that nuclear medicine has a history and that medicine is its basis. They also teach us today, and some of the ancient perspectives and approaches are still valid. The reader of HJNM may be interested in these historical contributions, as they are timeless...
January 2017: Hellenic Journal of Nuclear Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419718/shifting-microbial-communities-sustain-multiyear-iron-reduction-and-methanogenesis-in-ferruginous-sediment-incubations
#2
M S Bray, J Wu, B C Reed, C B Kretz, K M Belli, R L Simister, C Henny, F J Stewart, T J DiChristina, J A Brandes, D A Fowle, S A Crowe, J B Glass
Reactive Fe(III) minerals can influence methane (CH4 ) emissions by inhibiting microbial methanogenesis or by stimulating anaerobic CH4 oxidation. The balance between Fe(III) reduction, methanogenesis, and CH4 oxidation in ferruginous Archean and Paleoproterozoic oceans would have controlled CH4 fluxes to the atmosphere, thereby regulating the capacity for CH4 to warm the early Earth under the Faint Young Sun. We studied CH4 and Fe cycling in anoxic incubations of ferruginous sediment from the ancient ocean analogue Lake Matano, Indonesia, over three successive transfers (500 days in total)...
April 17, 2017: Geobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417094/contemporary-acupressure-therapy-adroit-cure-for-painless-recovery-of-therapeutic-ailments
#3
REVIEW
Piyush Mehta, Vishwas Dhapte, Shivajirao Kadam, Vividha Dhapte
Since time immemorial, complementary and alternative medicines (CAM) have played a significant role in human health care. CAM is known to have a strong reputation and reliability within every culture to provide basic health care treatment for patients. CAM acts as a better therapeutic option in human being for treating various diseases and improving quality of life with apt consideration to the economic aspects. Acupressure, one of the known CAM, originated in ancient China is based on the principal of acupoints activation across the meridians which correct the imbalance between Qi...
April 2017: Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413399/hsv-1-hsv-2-infection-related-cancers-in-bantu-populations-driving-hiv-1-prevalence-in-africa-tracking-the-origin-of-aids-at-the-onset-of-the-20th-century
#4
Jacqueline Le Goaster, Patrice Bouree, Franck N El Sissy, Florence Phuong Bui, Johanna Pokossy Epee, Paul Rollin, Frédéric Tangy, Anne-Lise Haenni
INTRODUCTION: At the onset of the 20th century, ancient clinical observations of cancer epidemics in Bantu populations of Sub-Saharan Africa were discovered. They were reported from 1914 to 1960, but remained unexplained. In 1983, in San Francisco, Calif., USA, cancer epidemics were related to infections by the human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) known as AIDS disease. Yet since 1996, it is known that HIV-1 strains are not the only ones involved. In Sub-Saharan Africa, recurrent orobuccal herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) and genital recurrent herpes simplex virus type 2 (HSV-2) appeared many times prior to infection by HIV-1...
September 2016: Case Reports in Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410466/history-of-surgery-for-temporal-lobe-epilepsy
#5
REVIEW
Ali A Asadi-Pooya, Cyrus Rostami
The history of epilepsy and its treatment goes back to ancient times when it included medicinal herbs, lifestyle modifications, and even surgery. Trepanation is considered the oldest surgical procedure for the treatment of epilepsy. The first series of temporal lobectomies for the treatment of drug-resistant epilepsy were reported by Penfield and Flanigin (1950). During the years since then, neuroimaging and other technologies have had remarkable and revolutionary progress. This progress has resulted in tremendous advancements in understanding the underlying causes and pathophysiology of epilepsies...
April 11, 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390234/metallic-iron-for-safe-drinking-water-provision-considering-a-lost-knowledge
#6
REVIEW
Hezron T Mwakabona, Arnaud Igor Ndé-Tchoupé, Karoli N Njau, Chicgoua Noubactep, Kerstin D Wydra
Around year 1890, the technology of using metallic iron (Fe(0)) for safe drinking water provision was already established in Europe. The science and technology to manufacture suitable Fe(0) materials were known and further developed in this period. Scientists had then developed skills to (i) explore the suitability of individual Fe(0) materials (e.g. iron filling, sponge iron) for selected applications, and (ii) establish treatment processes for households and water treatment plants. The recent (1990) discovery of Fe(0) as reactive agent for environmental remediation and water treatment has not yet considered this ancient knowledge...
March 2, 2017: Water Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28386511/protective-effects-of-an-ancient-chinese-kidney-tonifying-formula-against-h2o2-induced-oxidative-damage-to-mes23-5-cells
#7
Yihui Xu, Wei Lin, Shuifen Ye, Huajin Wang, Tingting Wang, Youyan Su, Liangning Wu, Yuanwang Wang, Qian Xu, Chuanshan Xu, Jing Cai
Oxidative damage plays a critical role in the etiology of neurodegenerative disorders including Parkinson's disease (PD). In our study, an ancient Chinese kidney-tonifying formula, which consists of Cistanche, Epimedii, and Polygonatum cirrhifolium, was investigated to protect MES23.5 dopaminergic neurons against hydrogen peroxide- (H2O2-) induced oxidative damage. The damage effects of H2O2 on MES23.5 cells and the protective effects of KTF against oxidative stress were evaluated using MTT assay, transmission electron microscopy (TEM), immunocytochemistry (ICC), enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), and immunoblotting...
2017: Parkinson's Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28377649/comparative-evaluation-of-clinical-and-radiographic-success-of-formocresol-propolis-turmeric-gel-and-calcium-hydroxide-on-pulpotomized-primary-molars-a-preliminary-study
#8
Shivayogi M Hugar, Pratibha Kukreja, Shweta S Hugar, Niraj Gokhale, Harsha Assudani
AIMS: Despite various advents in technology, the present era marks a shift to phytotherapeutics and alternative modalities to conventional endodontic treatments. Newer endodontic modalities have been developed inculcating the ancient system of medicine. The present study was done to compare and evaluate the clinical pulp response and radiographic signs after pulpotomy in four groups of primary molar teeth treated with formocresol (control), propolis extract, turmeric gel, and calcium hydroxide respectively...
January 2017: International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28374609/micro-laser-induced-breakdown-spectroscopy-micro-libs-study-on-ancient-roman-mortars
#9
Stefano Pagnotta, Marco Lezzerini, Laura Ripoll-Seguer, Montserrat Hidalgo, Emanuela Grifoni, Stefano Legnaioli, Giulia Lorenzetti, Francesco Poggialini, Vincenzo Palleschi
The laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy (LIBS) technique was used for analyzing the composition of an ancient Roman mortar (5th century A.D.), exploiting an experimental setup which allows the determination of the compositions of binder and aggregate in few minutes, without the need for sample treatment. Four thousand LIBS spectra were acquired from an area of 10 mm(2), with a 50 µm lateral resolution. The elements of interest in the mortar sample (H, C, O, Na, Mg, Al, Si, K, Ca, Ti, Mn, Fe) were detected and mapped...
April 2017: Applied Spectroscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28366857/polysaccharides-in-grifola-frondosa-mushroom-and-their-health-promoting-properties-a-review
#10
REVIEW
Xirui He, Xiaoxiao Wang, Jiacheng Fang, Yu Chang, Ning Ning, Hao Guo, Linhong Huang, Xiaoqiang Huang, Zefeng Zhao
Grifola frondosa (Dicks.) Gray is a widely consumed edible and medicinal fungus, Ancient books record that it can boost qi and fortify the spleen, moisten the lung and protect the liver. Modern people mainly use it to assist in the treatment of diabetes mellitus and various cancers. Over the past three decades, G. frondosa polysaccharides were shown to possess various promising bioactivities, mainly including antitumor and immunomodulation, anti-oxidation, anti-hyperglycemia, and meanwhile can effectively act on the skin and hematopoietic stem cells...
March 31, 2017: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28359991/synergic-use-of-chemical-and-ecotoxicological-tools-for-evaluating-multi-contaminated-soils-amended-with-iron-oxides-rich-materials
#11
Rebeca Manzano, Pedro Jiménez-Peñalver, Elvira Esteban
Abandoned waste piles from ancient mining activities are potential hot spots for the pollution of the surrounding areas. A pot experiment was carried out to check the potential toxicity of the dumping material present in one of these scenarios, and several amendments were tested to attenuate the spread of the contamination events. The waste material had an acid pH and a large total concentration of As and Cu. A dose-response experiment was performed with this material following OCDE 208 test. A proportion 90:10 uncontaminated soil: dumping material (% w/w) was selected for the following experiment, in order to surpass the amount of dumping material that caused 50% reduction in plant growth...
March 27, 2017: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344029/herbasl-remedies-for-urinary-stones-used-in-india-and-china-a-review
#12
REVIEW
Deepak M Kasote, Suresh D Jagtap, Dinesh Thapa, Mahendra S Khyade, Wendy R Russell
ETHANOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: The process of formation or appearance of a urinary stone anywhere in the renal tract is known as urolithiasis. It is a longstanding health problem, known to exist since early age of civilization. Records about symptoms, signs and treatment strategies of urinary stones diseases are found in the several ancient texts of traditional medicines such as Ayurveda, Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM), Siddha and Unani. In Ayurveda, urolithiasis has been considered as one of the eight most troublesome diseases...
March 23, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323626/pomegranate-punica-granatum-seed-oil-for-treating-menopausal-symptoms-an-individually-controlled-cohort-study
#13
Roman Huber, Richard Gminski, Tao Tang, Tomas Weinert, Sabine Schulz, Margareta Linke-Cordes, Ines Martin, Heide Fischer
Context • In the folk medicine of Mediterranean countries and in ancient Ayurveda, Punica granatum seeds (ie, pomegranate seeds) have been used for treatment of various disorders, including those that nowadays are classified as menopausal symptoms (MSs). Pomegranate seed oil (PSO) from those seeds mainly contains unsaturated fatty acids such as γ-linoleic acid and linolenic acid, but it also includes phytoestrogens. It is, therefore, regarded as a promising option for treating MSs today. Objectives • The study intended to investigate the safety and effectiveness of PSO as a defined P granatum seed oil for patients with MSs...
March 2017: Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320100/drosophila-melanogaster-a-potential-model-organism-for-identification-of-pharmacological-properties-of-plants-plant-derived-components
#14
REVIEW
Komal Panchal, Anand K Tiwari
Plants/plant-derived components have been used from ancient times to treat/cure several human diseases. Plants and their parts possess several chemical components that play the vital role in the improvement of human health and their life expectancy. Allopathic medicines have been playing a key role in the treatment of several diseases. Though allopathic medicines provide fast relief, long time consumption cause serious health concerns such as hyperallergic reactions, liver damage, etc. So, the study of medicinal plants which rarely cause any side effect is very important to mankind...
March 18, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299201/lyssaviruses-and-rabies-current-conundrums-concerns-contradictions-and-controversies
#15
REVIEW
Charles Rupprecht, Ivan Kuzmin, Francois Meslin
Lyssaviruses are bullet-shaped, single-stranded, negative-sense RNA viruses and the causative agents of the ancient zoonosis rabies. Africa is the likely home to the ancestors of taxa residing within the Genus Lyssavirus, Family Rhabdoviridae. Diverse lyssaviruses are envisioned as co-evolving with bats, as the ultimate reservoirs, over seemingly millions of years. In terms of relative distribution, overt abundance, and resulting progeny, rabies virus is the most successful lyssavirus species today, but for unknown reasons...
2017: F1000Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293406/%C3%AE-thalassemia-distribution-in-the-old-world-an-ancient-disease-seen-from-a-historical-standpoint
#16
REVIEW
Vincenzo De Sanctis, Christos Kattamis, Duran Canatan, Ashraf T Soliman, Heba Elsedfy, Mehran Karimi, Shahina Daar, Yasser Wali, Mohamed Yassin, Nada Soliman, Praveen Sobti, Soad Al Jaouni, Mohamed El Kholy, Bernadette Fiscina, Michael Angastiniotis
BACKGROUND: Haemoglobinopathies constitute the commonest recessive monogenic disorders worldwide, and the treatment of affected individuals presents a substantial global disease burden. β-thalassaemia is characterised by the reduced synthesis (β(+)) or absence (β(o)) of the β-globin chains in the HbA molecule, resulting in accumulation of excess unbound α-globin chains that precipitate in erythroid precursors in the bone marrow and in the mature erythrocytes, leading to ineffective erythropoiesis and peripheral haemolysis...
2017: Mediterranean Journal of Hematology and Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285613/ayurvedic-concept-of-shatkriyakala-a-traditional-knowledge-of-cancer-pathogenesis-and-therapy
#17
REVIEW
Ashutosh Chauhan, Deepak Kumar Semwal, Satyendra Prasad Mishra, Ruchi Badoni Semwal
The term Kriyakala refers to the recognition of the stage of a disease's progress, which helps to determine appropriate measure to correct the imbalance in Doshas (biological factors). It is a compound expression, comprised of Kriya and Kala, where Kriya means the choice to treatment (medicine, food and daily-routine) used to improve the disturbance in Doshas, and Kala refers to the stage of progress of a disease. Sushruta, an ancient Indian surgeon, has described the concept of Kriyakala in Varnaprashnadhyaya, an ancient Vedic Sanskrit text, which seeks to explain the incidence of Varnas in terms of Doshic disturbances...
March 2017: Journal of Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28281107/cannabis-for-pain-and-headaches-primer
#18
REVIEW
Philip S Kim, Michael A Fishman
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Marijuana has been used both medicinally and recreationally since ancient times and interest in its compounds for pain relief has increased in recent years. The identification of our own intrinsic, endocannabinoid system has laid the foundation for further research. RECENT FINDINGS: Synthetic cannabinoids are being developed and synthesized from the marijuana plant such as dronabinol and nabilone. The US Food and Drug Administration approved the use of dronabinol and nabilone for chemotherapy-associated nausea and vomiting and HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus) wasting...
April 2017: Current Pain and Headache Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28266999/combination-of-panaxadiol-and-panaxatriol-type-saponins-and-ophioponins-from-shenmai-formula-attenuates-lipopolysaccharide-induced-inflammatory-injury-in-cardiac-microvascular-endothelial-cells-by-blocking-nf-kappa-b-pathway
#19
Jinqiang Zhu, Yubin Liang, Shaoqian Yue, Guanwei Fan, Han Zhang, Meng Zhang
Vascular inflammatory injury leads to vascular endothelial dysfunction, thereby resulting in a variety of cardiovascular diseases (CVDs). Thus, attenuating vascular inflammatory injury has great significance for the prevention and treatment of CVDs. In China, Shenmai formula, a well-known ancient Chinese prescription, has been widely used to treat CVDs, such as coronary atherosclerosis and viral myocarditis. In vivo study has demonstrated that the optimal combination of 3 major active components from Shenmai formula, panaxadiol and panaxatriol type saponins and ophioponins, in a ratio of 1:2:2 might exert significant cardioprotective effects and anti-inflammatory activities...
March 2017: Journal of Cardiovascular Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28265784/-all-i-need-is-help-to-do-well-herbs-medicines-faith-and-syncretism-in-the-negotiation-of-elder-health-treatment-in-rural-ghana
#20
Eileen Smith-Cavros, Joyce Avotri-Wuaku, Albert Wuaku, Amal Bhullar
This qualitative research sought answers to questions about how elders in Agate, Ghana, coped with the challenges of illness in a rural village and in particular how they negotiated treatment for their illnesses within a flawed and limited healthcare system. In our study, 22 of 28 interviewees used all methods available to them (biomedical approaches [doctors and/or hospitals and/or doctor-prescribed medications], herbs, over-the-counter medicines [i.e., acetaminophen painkillers], and faith-based methods [praying/fasting/laying of hands/holy food and/or water]) in attempts to heal their illnesses...
March 6, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
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