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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035571/flavonoids-in-fruits-and-vegetables-after-thermal-and-nonthermal-processing-a-review
#1
Maruf Ahmed, Jong-Bang Eun
Consumers currently demand more nutritious food, which is minimally processed and naturally produced. Flavonoids are one of the major plant metabolites found throughout the plant kingdom, especially in fruits and vegetables. Flavonoids exert tremendous positive effects on health and protect against various diseases. Fruits and vegetables are difficult to store for a long period, owing to their perishable nature even at low temperatures. Therefore, processing is necessary to prolong their shelf lives and increase nutritional values...
October 16, 2017: Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034182/food-strategies-of-renal-atrophy-based-on-avicenna-and-conventional-medicine
#2
REVIEW
Marjan Mahjour, Arash Khoushabi, Maryam Miri Ghale Novi, Zohre Feyzabadi
Kidneys have an important role in the body. Any damage to kidney role can damage many organs of the body. Traditional Persian Medicine (TPM) or Iranian traditional medicine (ITM) is an ancient temperamental medicine with many literatures about kidney diseases and Avicenna (980-1025 AD) describes kidney diseases in details. This is a review study by searching of the most important clinical and pharmaceutical TPM textbooks such as The Canon of Medicine by Avicenna and scientific data banks using keywords such as "Hozal-e-Kolye", renal atrophy, tubular atrophy, kidney, chronic kidney disease, and end stage renal disease...
October 2017: Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032757/an-evidence-based-review-of-medicinal-herbs-for-the-treatment-of-gastroesophageal-reflux-disease-gerd
#3
Ayda Hosseinkhani, Kamran Bagheri Lankarani, Abdolali Mohagheghzadeh, Chunlin Long, Mehdi Pasalar
BACKGROUND: Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is one of the most common diseases in society, affecting up to 40% of the population. It has major impact on the quality of life and a high burden on medical expenditure. In this work, herbs used by ancient Iranians to treat GERD have been introduced. METHODS: Different well-known Persian textbooks and recent electronic databases were searched to explore the treatment of GERD and the pharmacological mechanisms of the identified medicinal plants...
October 10, 2017: Current Drug Discovery Technologies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031949/evaluation-of-irimedadi-taila-as-an-adjunctive-in-treating-plaque-induced-gingivitis
#4
Shweta Patil, Siddhartha A Varma, Girish Suragimath, Keshava Abbayya, Sameer A Zope, Vishwajeet Kale
BACKGROUND: Ayurvedic drugs have been used since ancient times to treat diseases including periodontal diseases. Oral rinses made from ayurvedic medicines are used in periodontal therapy to control bleeding and reduce inflammation. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy of herbal preparation (Irimedadi taila) on reduction of plaque induced gingivitis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 100 volunteers with clinical signs of mild to moderate gingivitis were selected and assigned to Group A (only scaling done) and Group B (scaling along with the use of Irimedadi taila)...
October 11, 2017: Journal of Ayurveda and Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022330/bladder-stone-management-an-update
#5
Antonio Cicione, Cosimo DE Nunzio, Stefano Manno, Rocco Damiano, Alessandro Posti, Estevao Lima, Andrea Tubaro, Filippo Balloni
INTRODUCTION: Bladder stone (BS) is a rare disease curable with several options. Herein, we reviewed the specific literature in order to update the current BS management. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: A comprehensive systematic MEDLINE search was performed for English language reports published before April 2017 using the BS related terms, i.e. bladder-vesical calculi, lithotripsy. Then manuscripts references were screened to identify unfounded studies. Studies regarding BS in children were excluded...
October 11, 2017: Minerva Urologica e Nefrologica, the Italian Journal of Urology and Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28983270/intranasal-oxytocin-treatment-increases-eye-gaze-behavior-toward-the-owner-in-ancient-japanese-dog-breeds
#6
Miho Nagasawa, Misato Ogawa, Kazutaka Mogi, Takefumi Kikusui
Dogs acquired unique cognitive abilities during domestication, which is thought to have contributed to the formation of the human-dog bond. In European breeds, but not in wolves, a dog's gazing behavior plays an important role in affiliative interactions with humans and stimulates oxytocin secretion in both humans and dogs, which suggests that this interspecies oxytocin and gaze-mediated bonding was also acquired during domestication. In this study, we investigated whether Japanese breeds, which are classified as ancient breeds and are relatively close to wolves genetically, establish a bond with their owners through gazing behavior...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28960019/yoga-as-part-of-a-package-of-care-versus-standard-care-for-schizophrenia
#7
REVIEW
Julie Broderick, Davy Vancampfort
BACKGROUND: Yoga is an ancient spiritual practice that originated in India and is currently accepted in the Western world as a form of relaxation and exercise. It has been of interest for people with schizophrenia to determine the efficacy of yoga delivered as a package of care versus standard care. OBJECTIVES: To examine the effects of yoga as a package of care versus standard care. SEARCH METHODS: We searched the Cochrane Schizophrenia Group Trials Register (latest 30 March 2017) which is based on regular searches of MEDLINE, PubMed, Embase, CINAHL, BIOSS, AMED, PsychINFO, and registries of clinical trials...
September 29, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28956893/yoga-versus-non-standard-care-for-schizophrenia
#8
REVIEW
Julie Broderick, Niall Crumlish, Alice Waugh, Davy Vancampfort
BACKGROUND: Yoga is an ancient spiritual practice that originated in India and is currently accepted in the Western world as a form of relaxation and exercise. It has been of interest for people with schizophrenia as an alternative or adjunctive treatment. OBJECTIVES: To systematically assess the effects of yoga versus non-standard care for people with schizophrenia. SEARCH METHODS: The Information Specialist of the Cochrane Schizophrenia Group searched their specialised Trials Register (latest 30 March 2017), which is based on regular searches of MEDLINE, PubMed, Embase, CINAHL, BIOSIS, AMED, PsycINFO, and registries of clinical trials...
September 28, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28952239/hallmarks-in-history-of-esophageal-carcinoma
#9
Marianna Karamanou, Kostas Markatos, Theodoros G Papaioannou, George Zografos, George Androutsos
Esophageal cancer is one of the deadliest cancers due to its aggressive behavior and poor survival. It was mentioned in the works of ancient Chinese and Arabo-islamic physicians, centuries before the recognition of high incidence in the Asian esophageal cancer belt. Till the 19th century the disease was considered incurable and the main goal of the proposed treatments was to alleviate dysphagia and pain. The introduction of esophagoscope in 1868 by Adolf Kussmaul (1822-1902) contributed to the observation of the living esophagus and to the diagnosis of esophageal pathologies, paving the way for new therapeutic approaches...
July 2017: Journal of B.U.ON.: Official Journal of the Balkan Union of Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28951834/bottlenose-dolphins-tursiops-truncatus-do-also-cast-neutrophil-extracellular-traps-against-the-apicomplexan-parasite-neospora-caninum
#10
R Villagra-Blanco, L M R Silva, A Aguilella-Segura, I Arcenillas-Hernández, C Martínez-Carrasco, A Seipp, U Gärtner, R Ruiz de Ybañez, A Taubert, C Hermosilla
Neutrophil extracellular traps (NETs) are web-like structures composed of nuclear DNA decorated with histones and cytoplasmic peptides which antiparasitic properties have not previously been investigated in cetaceans. Polymorphonuclear neutrophils (PMN) were isolated from healthy bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops truncatus), and stimulated with Neospora caninum tachyzoites and the NETs-agonist zymosan. In vitro interactions of PMN with the tachyzoites resulted in rapid extrusion of NETs. For the demonstration and quantification of cetacean NETs, extracellular DNA was stained by using either Sytox Orange(®) or Pico Green(®)...
December 2017: International Journal for Parasitology. Parasites and Wildlife
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28950916/%C3%AE-carboxymuconolactone-decarboxylase-a-novel-cell-cycle-related-basal-body-protein-in-the-early-branching-eukaryote-trichomonas-vaginalis
#11
Wei-Hung Cheng, Kuo-Yang Huang, Po-Jung Huang, Chi-Ching Lee, Yuan-Ming Yeh, Fu-Man Ku, Rose Lin, Mei-Ling Cheng, Cheng-Hsun Chiu, Petrus Tang
BACKGROUND: γ-Carboxymuconolactone decarboxylase (CMD) participates in the β-ketoadipate pathway, which catalyzes aromatic compounds to produce acetyl- or succinyl-CoA, in prokaryotes and yeast. Our previous study demonstrated that expression of a CMD homologue that contains two signatures (dualCMD) is negatively regulated by iron in Trichomonas vaginalis. However, we were not able to identify the components of the β-ketoadipate pathway in the parasite's genome. These observations prompted us to investigate the biological functions of this novel CMD homologue in T...
September 26, 2017: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28948630/scabies-an-ancient-itch-that-is-still-rampant-today
#12
J Thomas, J K Christenson, E Walker, K E Baby, G M Peterson
WHAT IS KNOWN AND OBJECTIVE: Scabies is recognized as a neglected tropical disease responsible for a substantial health and economic burden, especially in resource-poor communities around the world. COMMENT: There are relatively few current treatment options for scabies, and they possess important limitations. The treatments are ineffective in preventing relapse, inflammatory skin reactions and associated bacterial skin infections. There are also safety concerns, especially in children and pregnant women...
September 25, 2017: Journal of Clinical Pharmacy and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28946708/diverse-phytochemicals-and-bioactivities-in-the-ancient-fruit-and-modern-functional-food-pomegranate-punica-granatum
#13
REVIEW
Sheng Wu, Li Tian
Having served as a symbolic fruit since ancient times, pomegranate (Punica granatum) has also gained considerable recognition as a functional food in the modern era. A large body of literature has linked pomegranate polyphenols, particularly anthocyanins (ATs) and hydrolyzable tannins (HTs), to the health-promoting activities of pomegranate juice and fruit extracts. However, it remains unclear as to how, and to what extent, the numerous phytochemicals in pomegranate may interact and exert cooperative activities in humans...
September 25, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932979/tuberculous-meningitis-in-children-and-adults-new-insights-for-an-ancient-foe
#14
REVIEW
Alyssa Mezochow, Kiran Thakur, Christopher Vinnard
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Tuberculous meningitis is the most devastating manifestation of infection with Mycobacterium tuberculosis and represents a medical emergency. Approximately one half of tuberculous meningitis patients die or suffer severe neurologic disability. The goal of this review will be to review the pathogenic, clinical, and radiologic features of tuberculous meningitis and to highlight recent advancements in translational and clinical science. RECENT FINDINGS: Pharmacologic therapy includes combination anti-tuberculosis drug regimens and adjunctive corticosteroids...
September 20, 2017: Current Neurology and Neuroscience Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932197/antiplasmodial-activity-and-toxicological-assessment-of-curcumin-plga-encapsulated-nanoparticles
#15
Zulaikha A Busari, Kabiru A Dauda, Olajumoke A Morenikeji, Funmilayo Afolayan, Oyetunde T Oyeyemi, Jairam Meena, Debasis Sahu, Amulya K Panda
Curcumin is a polyphenolic pigment isolated from the rhizomes of Curcuma longa (turmeric), a medicinal plant widely used in the ancient Indian and Chinese medicine. The antiplasmodial activity of curcumin is often hampered by its fast metabolism and poor water solubility, thus its incorporation into a delivery system could circumvent this problem. This study aimed to evaluate the in vivo antiplasmodial activity and the toxicity assessment of curcumin incorporated into poly (lactic-co-glycolic) acid (PLGA) nanoparticles...
2017: Frontiers in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28884602/enhancement-of-anticancer-activity-by-silibinin-and-paclitaxel-combination-on-the-ovarian-cancer
#16
Fatima Pashaei-Asl, Roghiyeh Pashaei-Asl, Khodadad Khodadadi, Abolfazl Akbarzadeh, Esmaeil Ebrahimie, Maryam Pashaiasl
BACKGROUND: Ovarian carcinoma is the most lethal cancer among all gynaecological malignancies. One of the most chemotherapy drugs used for ovarian cancer is paclitaxel which induces apoptosis. Paclitaxel has been used for many years. Similar to the most cancers this responds to chemotherapy initially but in a long run, drug resistance happens which fails the treatment procedure. Combination of chemotherapy drugs has been suggested to deal with this issue. Silibinin, a plant extraction, has been used from ancient time in traditional medicine and identified to have powerful antioxidant activity...
September 8, 2017: Artificial Cells, Nanomedicine, and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876177/ancient-indian-concepts-about-phenomenology-biology-and-therapeutics-of-epilepsy
#17
Ravindra Arya
This article discusses etiology, pathogenesis, symptoms, and treatment of epilepsy, as described in Charaka Samhitā (translation: Charaka's Compendium) and Sushruta Samhitā, the two core texts of Ayurveda, an ancient system of medicine. Ayurveda emphasized amnesia and loss of consciousness as core features of epileptic seizures (Sanskrit: apasmar; translation: apa negation, smaran memory) and recognized that seizures occur due to a disturbance in brain function or flow of "humors" to the brain. Semiology of various seizure types was well described...
September 6, 2017: Journal of the History of the Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28873717/herbal-products-containing-hibiscus-sabdariffa-l-crataegus-spp-and-panax-spp-labeling-and-safety-concerns
#18
Maria Antónia Nunes, Francisca Rodrigues, Rita C Alves, Maria Beatriz P P Oliveira
Herbs have been used from ancient times for infusion preparation based on their potential health effects. In particular, the consumption of Hibiscus sabdariffa L., Crataegus spp. and Panax spp. has been largely associated to cardiovascular benefits. In this work, the label information of 52 herbal products for infusion preparation containing the referred herbs was analyzed and discussed, taking into consideration the European Union regulation for herbal products, which intends to protect public health and harmonize the legal framework in Member States...
October 2017: Food Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28866770/anti-coagulant-activity-of-plants-mini-review
#19
REVIEW
Muhammad Akram, Abid Rashid
Medicinal plants have been used for treatment of human ailments since ancient times. Objective of this study is to document the effect of herbal drugs on anticoagulant therapy. The material for this review was taken mostly from PubMed and the Cochrane database of systematic reviews. Some other relevant references were collected from personal database of papers on anti-coagulant properties of plants. Literature review shows that many plants such as Thymus vulgaris, Cyamopsis tetragonoloba taub, Pulmonaria officinalis and Cinnamomum cassia etc have anti-coagulant activity...
September 2, 2017: Journal of Thrombosis and Thrombolysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28862769/histamine-and-migraine
#20
Hsiangkuo Yuan, Stephen D Silberstein
BACKGROUND: Histamine is an ancient "tissue amine" preceding multicellular organisms. In the central nervous system (CNS), its fibers originate solely from the tuberomammillary nucleus and travel throughout the brain. It is mainly responsible for wakefulness, energy homeostasis, and memory consolidation. Recently, several studies suggest a potential role of histamine in migraine pathogenesis and management. METHODS: Narrative review of current literature regarding histamine and migraine...
September 1, 2017: Headache
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