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Ancient* treatment*

Mabrouka Bouacha, Hayette Ayed, Nedjoud Grara
Medicinal benefits of honey bee have been recognized in the medical community since ancient times as a remedy for many diseases and infections. This study aimed to investigate the in vitro susceptibility of 11 multidrug-resistant bacterial strains, isolated from urinary tract infections of pregnant women, to six honey samples collected from different localities in the east of Algeria. The evaluation of the antibacterial activity was performed by the well method followed by the broth dilution method using two-fold dilutions of each honey sample ranging from 2...
April 13, 2018: Scientia Pharmaceutica
Venkatachalam Raveenthiran
Circumcision is the oldest surgical operation known to mankind. It probably originated as a less radical form of genital mutilation inflicted on prisoners of war. Over time it was adopted by the Egyptian priesthood and nobility, perhaps inspired by the mythology of Osiris. In turn, circumcision became part of the Jewish and Muslim religious cultures. In contrast, ancient Greeks valued an intact prepuce, as evident from the nude figures of Renaissance art. In the 19th century, circumcision was touted as a treatment for excessive masturbation, seizures, epilepsy, and paraplegia...
March 8, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
Roberto Cotellese, Shu Hu, Gianni Belcaro, Andrea Ledda, Beatrice Feragalli, Mark Dugall, Morio Hosoi, Edmondo Ippolito
BACKGROUND: Formation of scars after surgical incisions requires the proper appositions of elements contributing to the scarring process. The structural rebuilding of damaged tissues is essential in producing a linear scar. The excess of blood, foreign particles, exuberant sutures, necrotic tissue, possible infective agents, as well as the ongoing inflammatory process may produce a non-linear, sometimes painful keloidal scar. Centella asiatica (CA) extracts have been used topically since ancient times for preventing keloids (i...
April 2018: Minerva Chirurgica
Saeid Vakilian, Mohammad Norouzi, Mahsa Soufi-Zomorrod, Iman Shabani, Simzar Hosseinzadeh, Masoud Soleimani
Since ancient times, some herbal medicines have been extensively used for burn and wound treatments, showing preference to the common synthetic medications by virtue of having less side effects and faster healing rate. In this study, hybrid nanofibrous scaffolds of poly-l-lactic-acid (PLLA) and gelatin incorporated L. inermis were fabricated via electrospinning technique. Morphology and characteristics of the scaffolds were studied by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and Fourier transform infrared (FTIR), respectively...
April 2018: Tissue & Cell
Bo Peng, Xinglin Zhang, Dirk G A L Aarts, Roel P A Dullens
Recent progress in synthetic nanotechnology and the ancient use of metals in food preservation and the antibacterial treatment of wounds have prompted the development of nanometallic materials for antimicrobial applications1-4 . However, the materials designed so far do not simultaneously display antimicrobial activity and the capability of binding and capturing bacteria and spores. Here, we develop a one-step pyrolysis procedure to synthesize monodisperse superparamagnetic nickel colloidal nanocrystal clusters (SNCNCs), which show both antibacterial activity and the ability to bind Gram-positive (Bacillus subtilis) and Gram-negative (Escherichia coli) bacteria, as well as bacterial spores...
April 2, 2018: Nature Nanotechnology
Li Wu, Ke Xing Cao, Zi Hui Ni, Wei Dong Li, Zhi Peng Chen, Xiao Liu, Hai Bo Cheng
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Dahuang zhechong pill (DHZCP) is a famous traditional Chinese medicinal prescription from the "Synopsis of Prescriptions of the Golden Chamber (Jin Kui Yao Lue)", an ancient Chinese medical classic. DHZCP is commonly used for clinical treatment of liver cancer by promoting blood circulation to dissolve blood stasis and by removing pathogenic vegetations. DHZCP-based treatment has been derived from Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) and is officially recorded in the Chinese Pharmacopoeia...
March 30, 2018: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
David S Kushner, John W Verano, Anne R Titelbaum
More prehistoric trepanned crania have been found in Peru than any other location worldwide. We examine trepanation practices and outcomes in Peru over nearly 2000 years from 400 BC to provide a perspective on the procedure with comparison to procedures/outcomes of other ancient, medieval and American-Civil-War cranial surgery. . Data on trepanation demographics, techniques, and survival rates were collected through the scientific analysis of more than 800 trepanned crania discovered in Peru, through field studies and the courtesy of museums and private collections in the U...
March 28, 2018: World Neurosurgery
Sharique A Ali, Naima Parveen, Ayesha S Ali
Nutrition and other bioactive natural products present in specific foods within a balanced diet play an indispensable role in maintaining and promoting human health. Plants are rich sources of a balanced nutrition because of high content of bioactive products; hence, most of them recently have acquired the status of superfoods. It has been used since ancient times for the treatment of various ailments, and these traditional medicines still remain as one of the most affordable and easily accessible sources of treatment in the primary health-care system...
March 2018: International Journal of Health Sciences
Yong Chen, Dan Luo, Jian-Fei Cai, Chen-Hong Lin, Yan Shen, Jun Zou, Jian-Long Guan
BACKGROUND: Behcet disease (BD) is a worldwide-occurred autoimmune disorder and currently lack of optional successful treatment. An ancient traditional Chinese medical formula called Glycyrrhizae Decoction for Purging Stomach-Fire (GDPSF) was recorded and nowadays has been observed to be effective for BD patients. However, the strict randomized controlled and double-blinding trail is needed to further assess this alternative medicine. METHODS: To ascertain the potential effects and safety of GDPSF for BD patients and to determine whether combination application of GDPSF and thalidomide could possibly reduce the side effects and increase effectiveness for BD management, we will conduct a randomized, double blind, controlled clinical trial...
March 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
Nicole Grandi, Enzo Tramontano
Human endogenous retroviruses (HERVs) are relics of ancient infections accounting for about the 8% of our genome. Despite their persistence in human DNA led to the accumulation of mutations, HERVs are still contributing to the human transcriptome, and a growing number of findings suggests that their expression products may have a role in various diseases. Among HERV products, the envelope proteins (Env) are currently highly investigated for their pathogenic properties, which could likely be participating to several disorders with complex etiology, particularly in the contexts of autoimmunity and cancer...
2018: Frontiers in Microbiology
Edmar O Benítez, Juan J Morales, Luis A Muñoz, Christian A Hübner, Osvaldo M Mutchinick
The alacrima, achalasia, and mental retardation syndrome (AAMR) is a newly described autosomal recessive disorder characterized by the onset of these 3 main features at birth or in early infancy. At present, only 16 cases have been reported. Recently, it was shown that AAMR is due to mutations in the guanosine diphosphate (GDP)-mannose pyrophosphorylase A ( GMPPA ) gene. These mutations induce a significant GDP-mannose overload, which may affect protein glycosylation. Herein, for the first time, we describe 2 adult sisters with AAMR with a previously not reported deleterious homozygous missense mutation c...
February 2018: Molecular Syndromology
Bruno Rivas-Santiago, Flor Torres-Juarez
Tuberculosis is an ancient disease that has become a serious public health issue in recent years, although increasing incidence has been controlled, deaths caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis have been accentuated due to the emerging of multi-drug resistant strains and the comorbidity with diabetes mellitus and HIV. This situation is threatening the goals of world health organization (WHO) to eradicate tuberculosis in 2035. WHO has called for the creation of new drugs as an alternative for the treatment of pulmonary tuberculosis, among the plausible molecules that can be used are the antimicrobial peptides (AMPs)...
March 27, 2018: Current Pharmaceutical Design
Veronica Valli, Annalisa Taccari, Mattia Di Nunzio, Francesca Danesi, Alessandra Bordoni
Nowadays the higher nutritional value of whole grains compared to refined grains is recognized. In the last decade, there has been a renewed interest in the ancient wheat varieties for producing high-value food products with enhanced health benefits. This study compared two ancient grains, two heritage grains, and four modern grains grown in the same agronomic conditions considering not only their chemical characteristics, but also their biological effects. Whole grain flours were obtained and used to make bread...
May 2018: Food Research International
Zeshan Ali, Zhenbin Wang, Rai Muhammad Amir, Shoaib Younas, Asif Wali, Nana Adowa, Ishmael Ayim
While the use of vinegar to fi ght against infections and other crucial conditions dates back to Hippocrates, recent research has found that vinegar consumption has a positive effect on biomarkers for diabetes, cancer, and heart diseases. Different types of vinegar have been used in the world during different time periods. Vinegar is produced by a fermentation process. Foods with a high content of carbohydrates are a good source of vinegar. Review of the results of different studies performed on vinegar components reveals that the daily use of these components has a healthy impact on the physiological and chemical structure of the human body...
March 26, 2018: International Journal for Vitamin and Nutrition Research. Journal International de Vitaminologie et de Nutrition
Erin M Gorden, Kimberly Sturk-Andreaggi, Charla Marshall
DNA sequence damage from cytosine deamination is well documented in degraded samples, such as those from ancient and forensic contexts. This study examined the effect of a DNA repair treatment on mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) from aged and degraded skeletal samples. DNA extracts from 21 non-probative, degraded skeletal samples (aged 50-70 years) were utilized for the analysis. A portion of each sample extract was subjected to DNA repair using a commercial repair kit, the New England BioLabs' NEBNext FFPE DNA Repair Kit (Ipswich, MA)...
February 19, 2018: Forensic Science International. Genetics
Tahir Yousaf, Shazia Rafique, Fazli Wahid, Sidra Rehman, Abdul Nazir, Javeria Rafique, Kashif Aslam, Ghulam Shabir, Shahid Masood Shah
Hepatitis C is a serious health issue and cause liver disorders in millions of people. Available therapeutic agents require long term administration with numerous side effects. Therefore, there is a dire need to find alternative treatment options for this disease. Since ancient times, medicinal plants are widely used to cure various diseases with no or less harmful effects. Therefore, this study was designed to find out phytochemicals and investigate antiviral activity of methanol extract of Ajuga bracteosa, Ajuga parviflora, Berberis lycium and Citrus lemon against Hepatitis C Virus (HCV infection)...
March 20, 2018: Microbial Pathogenesis
Honghong Yang, Wenjing Xu, Wei Zhao, Maolin Gu, Wei Wang
1,3,7-Trihydroxyxanthone is a compound isolated from Polygalae Radix, a medicinal herb frequently applied for treatment of psychiatric disordres with symptoms of forgetfulness and depression in ancient China. In current research, this compound was applied onto rat astrocyte primary cultures in exploring the action mechanisms of 1,3,7-trihydroxyxanthone on regulating synthesis of neurotrophic factors. It was found that 1,3,7-trihydroxyxanthone could significantly stimulate the expression of NGF and BDNF in dose-dependent manners: the stimulation was both in mRNA and protein levels...
February 2018: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
D Messineo, S Masieri, C Cavaliere
Rhinitis is an underestimated clinical condition, which has a considerable impact on the quality of life of the affected patients. The subject of this review focuses on three fundamental aspects: the development of knowledge concerning anatomic landmarks, the development of radiological imaging technology, and developments that can make a difference in the treatment of allergic rhinitis. The anatomical study of paranasal sinuses has been conducted since the time of the ancient Egyptians. Development of radiological equipment from the early 1900s has helped to improve information on the morphology of paranasal sinuses, sufficient to be considered valuable information regarding frontal anatomy and its variability...
January 2018: Journal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents
Amirsaeed Hosseini, Fatemeh Mirzaee, Ali Davoodi, Hossein Bakhshi Jouybari, Mohammad Azadbakh
Arnebia, a sub cosmopolitan and important genus of the Boraginaceae family, comprises 25 species distributed among the world. Based on the studies of Persian medicine texts, there are some promising bioactivities for this genus that is unknown in modern medicine and some of them are still the basis of new remedies. This article presents Arnebia according to the most important ancient information by the most famous Persian medicine books like Makhzan Al Advieh, Tohfat Al-Momenin, Al-Qanun, Al-Seidaneh and Ekhtiarate Badiei...
February 1, 2018: Medicinski Glasnik
Manon Auffret, Sophie Drapier, Marc Vérin
Apomorphine is now recognized as the oldest antiparkinsonian drug on the market. Though still underused, it is increasingly prescribed in Europe for patients with advanced Parkinson's disease (PD) with motor fluctuations. However, its history is far from being limited to movement disorders. This paper traces the history of apomorphine, from its earliest empirical use, to its synthesis, pharmacological development, and numerous indications in human and veterinary medicine, in light of its most recent uses and newest challenges...
March 15, 2018: Drugs in R&D
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