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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786117/the-relevance-of-the-hippocratic-oath-to-the-ethical-and-moral-values-of-contemporary-medicine-part-ii-interpretation-of-the-hippocratic-oath-today-s-perspective
#1
REVIEW
Helen Askitopoulou, Antonis N Vgontzas
This is the second part of a paper on the relevance and significance of the Hippocratic Oath to modern medical ethical and moral values with the aim at answering questions on controversial issues related to the Oath. Part I argued that the general attributes and ethical values of the Oath are relevant to the modern world. Part II attempts to elucidate the interpretation of the specific injunctions of the Oath from today's perspective in relation to ethical values concerning the duties of physicians to patients and society...
May 21, 2018: European Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785195/combined-therapies-of-modified-taiyi-miraculous-moxa-roll-and-cupping-for-patients-with-lumbar-intervertebral-disc-herniation
#2
Chunyue Cai, Yuefeng Gong, Dayong Dong, Jinbiao Xue, Xiaoting Zheng, Zhangfeng Zhong, Jialong Shao, Daguo Mi
Lumbar intervertebral disc herniation is a kind of syndrome caused by stimulation or pressure of nerve root and cauda equina due to intervertebral disc disorder, fibrous ring rupture, and pulpiform nucleus protrusion. Application of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) including acupuncture therapy and cupping therapy is unique and effective treatment for lumbar intervertebral disc herniation in China. Hence, we try to investigate the combined clinical efficacy of modified Taiyi miraculous moxa roll and cupping therapy on patients with lumbar intervertebral disc herniation...
2018: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773013/critical-review-on-curcumin-as-a-therapeutic-agent-from-traditional-herbal-medicine-to-an-ideal-therapeutic-agent
#3
Muhammad Usman Akbar, Kanwal Rehman, Khalid Mahmood Zia, Muhammad Imran Qadir, Muhammad Sajid Hamid Akash, Muhammad Ibrahim
Traditionally, many natural medicinal plants have been used to treat a variety of diseases since ancient times and are considered a potential source of phytochemicals for the development of new drugs. One of these is curcumin, which is an easily accessible, inexpensive, and nontoxic bioactive compound. Curcumin is a very important, naturally occurring, and highly lipophilic and phenolic substance derived from the rhizomes of plant Curcuma longa, a member of the Zingiberaceae (ginger) family, which is mostly used as a curry spice, flavoring agent, insect repellent, coloring agent in food, traditional drug, and ingredient in cosmetics...
2018: Critical Reviews in Eukaryotic Gene Expression
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765977/systems-pharmacology-based-approach-of-connecting-disease-genes-in-genome-wide-association-studies-with-traditional-chinese-medicine
#4
Jihye Kim, Minjae Yoo, Jimin Shin, Hyunmin Kim, Jaewoo Kang, Aik Choon Tan
Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) originated in ancient China has been practiced over thousands of years for treating various symptoms and diseases. However, the molecular mechanisms of TCM in treating these diseases remain unknown. In this study, we employ a systems pharmacology-based approach for connecting GWAS diseases with TCM for potential drug repurposing and repositioning. We studied 102 TCM components and their target genes by analyzing microarray gene expression experiments. We constructed disease-gene networks from 2558 GWAS studies...
2018: International Journal of Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754120/promoting-healthy-lives-and-well-being-for-all-the-contribution-of-the-international-college-of-person-centered-medicine-icpcm
#5
G N Christodoulou, J E Mezzich, C R Cloninger, N Christodoulou, E Villar, J Appleyard, M Botbol
This article defines the scope of Person-Centered Medicine, traces its roots in ancient conceptions, explains the reasons for the revival of this perspective in our times, and highlights the contribution of the International College of Person-Centered Medicine (ICPCM) in the promotion of the personcentered perspective in health and disease. The value of communication is underlined with reference to both diagnosis and treatment. The concept of Health is considered historically and the inclusiveness, holistic vista and positive health orientation of the WHO definition of Health (1948) is underlined...
January 2018: Psychiatrikē, Psychiatriki
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751700/-research-progress-of-tibetan-medicine-zha-xun
#6
Ming-Ming Zhao, Rui Gu, Jiu-Yu Fan, Yong Zeng, Yun Cao, Wen-Qian Wang, Shi-Hong Zhong, Peng Mi
Zha-xun is widely used in Tibetan medicine and is also an international traditional medicine. This article would summarize the use status and research progress of Zha-xun by various ethnic groups all over the world, and the results show that it has various synonyms but most of them imply its most characteristic feature-outflow from the rock; Zha-xun resources are distributed in various places of the world, and its bearing spots are closely related to the geological structure; there are sharp arguments on the origins of Zha-xun, mainly including the minerals origin, biological fossils origin, biological origin, etc...
April 2018: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751124/geopharmaceuticals-of-himalayan-sowa-rigpa-medicine-pharmacopoeial-description-geochemical-identification-their-diversity-and-current-utilization-in-bhutan
#7
Karma Yeshi, Phurpa Wangchuk
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Geological materials/minerals have been used in the Himalayan Sowa Rigpa and Bhutanese traditional medicine (BTM) for treating various disorders for thousands of years. AIM OF THE STUDY: Our study reports the chemical identification of various geological materials and their ethno-medicinal uses for the first time. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A five stage process was conducted including: (1) a survey of specialized ancient ethnomedical literatures (Pharmacopoeias and formularies); (2) freely listing the mineral ingredients reported in the ancient Sowa Rigpa medical texts and translating their ethnomedical uses in equivalent terms in English; (3) cross-checking the chemical names and chemical composition of identified minerals with various mineral databases and mineral handbooks; (4) Authentication and standardization of Sowa Rigpa names through open forum discussion with BTM practitioners; (5) further confirmation of the chemical names of identified minerals by consulting experts and pharmacognosist...
May 8, 2018: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746932/prevention-of-carcinogenesis-and-metastasis-by-artemisinin-type-drugs
#8
Mohammed L Abba, Nitin Patil, Jörg Hendrik Leupold, Mohamed E M Saeed, Thomas Efferth, Heike Allgayer
Artemisia annua (sweet wormwood, qinhao) is an ancient Chinese herbal remedy for pyrexia. Nowadays, artemisinin (qinghaosu) and its derivatives belong to the standard therapies against malaria worldwide, and its discovery has led to the Nobel Prize in Physiology and Medicine to Youyou Tu in 2015. While most attention has been paid to the treatment of malaria, there is increasing evidence that Artemisinin-type drugs bear a considerable potential to treat and prevent cancer. Rather than reporting on therapy of cancer, this review gives a comprehensive and timely overview on the chemopreventive effects of artemisinin and its derivatives against carcinogenesis and metastasis formation, following the multistage model of carcinogenesis (initiation, promotion, progression)...
May 7, 2018: Cancer Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746684/prediction-understanding-and-medicine
#9
Alex Broadbent
What is medicine? One obvious answer in the context of the contemporary clinical tradition is that medicine is the process of curing sick people. However, this "curative thesis" is not satisfactory, even when "cure" is defined generously and even when exceptions such as cosmetic surgery are set aside. Historian of medicine Roy Porter argues that the position of medicine in society has had, and still has, little to do with its ability to make people better. Moreover, the efficacy of medicine for improving population health has been famously doubted by historians and epidemiologists...
May 9, 2018: Journal of Medicine and Philosophy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29744355/herbal-medicine-for-oligomenorrhea-and-amenorrhea-a-systematic-review-of-ancient-and-conventional-medicine
#10
REVIEW
Arezoo Moini Jazani, Kobra Hamdi, Mojgan Tansaz, Hossein Nazemiyeh, Homayoun Sadeghi Bazargani, Seyed Mohammad Bagher Fazljou, Ramin Nasimi Doost Azgomi
Introduction: Menstrual bleeding cessation is one of the most frequent gynecologic disorders among women in reproductive age. The treatment is based on hormone therapy. Due to the increasing request for alternative medicine remedies in the field of women's diseases, in present study, it was tried to overview medicinal plants used to treat oligomenorrhea and amenorrhea according to the pharmaceutical textbooks of traditional Persian medicine (TPM) and review the evidence in the conventional medicine...
2018: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743896/investigating-the-effectiveness-of-the-trigonella-foenum-graecum-l-fenugreek-seeds-in-mild-asthma-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#11
Majid Emtiazy, Laleh Oveidzadeh, Minoo Habibi, Leila Molaeipour, Daryush Talei, Zahra Jafari, Mahmoud Parvin, Mohammad Kamalinejad
Background: Asthma is one of the important chronic diseases. The asthma prevalence is increasing in last decades. Despite the presence of good controller drugs like corticosteroids, about 60% of asthmatic patients use alternative medicine. This study was done to determine the effectiveness of Tregonella foenum graceum (fenugreek) seeds in mild asthma. Methods: It is a double blind trial with placebo effect. One of the ancient prescriptions from Persian Medicine was selected...
2018: Allergy, Asthma, and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29740326/using-ssr-hrm-to-identify-closely-related-species-in-herbal-medicine-products-a-case-study-on-licorice
#12
Jingjian Li, Chao Xiong, Xia He, Zhaocen Lu, Xin Zhang, Xiaoyang Chen, Wei Sun
Traditional herbal medicines have played important roles in the ways of life of people around the world since ancient times. Despite the advanced medical technology of the modern world, herbal medicines are still used as popular alternatives to synthetic drugs. Due to the increasing demand for herbal medicines, plant species identification has become an important tool to prevent substitution and adulteration. Here we propose a method for biological assessment of the quality of prescribed species in the Chinese Pharmacopoeia by use of high resolution melting (HRM) analysis of microsatellite loci...
2018: Frontiers in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29738310/historical-and-cross-cultural-perspectives-on-parkinson-s-disease
#13
Lee Xenakis Blonder
Parkinson's disease (PD) is a common neurodegenerative disorder, affecting up to 10 million people worldwide according to the Parkinson's Disease Foundation. Epidemiological and genetic studies show a preponderance of idiopathic cases and a subset linked to genetic polymorphisms of a familial nature. Traditional Chinese medicine and Ayurveda recognized and treated the illness that Western Medicine terms PD millennia ago, and descriptions of Parkinson's symptomatology by Europeans date back 2000 years to the ancient Greek physician Galen...
May 8, 2018: Journal of Complementary & Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29733943/hajrul-yahood-lapis-judaicus-an-important-mineral-drug-of-unani-system-of-medicine-for-the-management-of-urolithiasis
#14
REVIEW
Shaikh Ajij Ahmed Makbul, Nasreen Jahan, Ghufran Ahmad
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Hajrul yahood (Lapis judaicus) is a mineral drug used in different dosage forms in Unani system of medicine and claimed to be effective in the management of urolithiasis. AIM OF THE STUDY: To explore the role of Hajrul yahood in the management of urolithiasis along with determination of its morphological, ethnomedicinal, physicochemical and pharmacological attributes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A review of literature on Hajrul yahood was undertaken using the bibliographic database viz...
May 5, 2018: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29733941/anti-quorum-sensing-activity-toxicity-in-zebrafish-danio-rerio-embryos-and-phytochemical-characterization-of-trapa-natans-leaf-extracts
#15
Ivana Aleksic, Petar Ristivojevic, Aleksandar Pavic, Ivana Radojević, Ljiljana R Čomić, Branka Vasiljevic, Dejan Opsenica, Dušanka Milojković-Opsenica, Lidija Senerovic
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Trapa natans L. (water chestnut or water caltrop) is a widespread aquatic plant, which has been cultivated for food and traditional medicine since ancient times. Pharmacological studies showed that water chestnut exhibits the wide range of biological activities, such as antimicrobial, antioxidative, analgesic, anti-inflammatory, as well as antiulcer. AIMOF THE STUDY: Evaluation of anti-virulence potential and toxicity of T. natans methanol (TnM), acetone (TnA) and ethyl acetate (TnEA) leaf extracts...
May 4, 2018: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29731716/protective-effect-of-casperome-%C3%A2-an-orally-bioavailable-frankincense-extract-on-lipopolysaccharide-induced-systemic-inflammation-in-mice
#16
Konstantin Loeser, Semjon Seemann, Stefanie König, Isabell Lenhardt, Mona Abdel-Tawab, Andreas Koeberle, Oliver Werz, Amelie Lupp
Introduction: Despite recent advances in critical care, sepsis remains a crucial cause of morbidity and mortality in intensive care units. Therefore, the identification of new therapeutic strategies is of great importance. Since ancient times, frankincense is used in traditional medicine for the treatment of chronic inflammatory disorders such as rheumatoid arthritis. Thus, the present study intends to evaluate if Casperome® (Casp), an orally bioavailable soy lecithin-based formulation of standardized frankincense extract, is able to ameliorate systemic effects and organ damages induced by severe systemic inflammation using a murine model of sepsis, i...
2018: Frontiers in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29728043/-discussion-on-exploitation-of-foreign-traditional-chinese-medicine-resources-based-on-the-belt-and-road
#17
Xiao-Bo Zhang, Dong-Mei Lyu, Lu-Qi Huang, Meng Li, Lan-Ping Guo, Hua-Sheng Peng
At the beginning of the ancient "Silk Road", traditional Chinese medicine resources (TCM resources) have long been integrated into it, and it was once the "important part" of the ancient "Silk Road" in Chinese history, benefited from this, the political connections was strengthened, the economic and trade was developed, and Chinese medicine culture was spread. Before Qing Dynasty, people took out the "silk" and brought back "herbs" on the "Silk Road", which enriched China's medicinal resources...
April 2018: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29728021/-compatibility-law-of-baizhi-formulae-and-molecular-mechanism-of-core-herbal-pair-baizhi-chuanxiong
#18
Jin Su, Shi-Huan Tang, Fei-Fei Guo, De-Feng Li, Yi Zhang, Hai-Yu Xu, Hong-Jun Yang
By using the traditional Chinese medicine inheritance support system (TCMISS) in this study, the prescription rules of Baizhi formulae were analyzed and the core herbal pair "Baizhi-Chuanxiong" was obtained. Through the systemic analysis of prescription rules of "Baizhi-Chuanxiong" and combined with the pharmacology thinking of "Baizhi-Chuanxiong" in treating headache, the paper was aimed to find out the combination rules containing Baizhi andits molecular mechanisms for treating headaches, and provide the theory basis for further research and reference of Baizhi and its formula...
April 2018: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29728018/-analysis-on-component-target-pathway-of-paeonia-lactiflora-in-treating-cardiac-diseases-based-on-data-mining
#19
Yang Liu, Fang-Bo Zhang, Shi-Huan Tang, Ping Wang, Sen Li, Jin Su, Rong-Rong Zhou, Jia-Qi Zhang, Hui-Feng Sun
Based on the literature review and modern application of Paeonia lactiflora in heart diseases, this article would predict the target of drug and disease by intergrative pharmacology platform of traditional Chinese medicine (TCMIP, http://www.tcmip.cn), and then explore the molecular mechanism of P. lactiflora in treatment of heart disease, providing theoretical basis and method for further studies on P. lactiflora. According to the ancient books, P. lactiflora with functions of "removing the vascular obstruction, removing the lumps, relieving pain, diuretic, nutrient qi" and other effects, have been used for many times to treat heart disease...
April 2018: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29728017/-ginseng-prescription-rules-and-molecular-mechanism-in-treating-coronary-heart-disease-based-on-data-mining-and-integrative-pharmacology
#20
Sen Li, Shi-Huan Tang, Jin-Ling Liu, Jin Su, Fu-Yuan He
The ancient dragon Materia Medica, Compendium of Materia Medica and other works recorded that the main effect of ginseng is tonifying qi. It is reported that the main active ingredient of ginseng is ginsenoside. Modern studies have found that ginseng mono saponins are effective for cardiovascular related diseases. This paper preliminary clarified the efficacy of traditional ginseng-nourishing qi and cardiovascular disease through the traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) inheritance auxiliary platform and integration platform of association of pharmacology...
April 2018: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
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