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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138800/broadleaf-mahonia-attenuates-granulomatous-lobular-mastitis%C3%A2-associated-inflammation-by-inhibiting-ccl%C3%A2-5-expression-in-macrophages
#1
Zhiyu Wang, Neng Wang, Xiaoyan Liu, Qi Wang, Biao Xu, Pengxi Liu, Huayu Zhu, Jianping Chen, Honglin Situ, Yi Lin
Granulomatous lobular mastitis (GLM) is a type of chronic mammary inflammation with unclear etiology. Currently systematic corticosteroids and methitrexate are considered as the main drugs for GLM treatment, but a high toxicity and risk of recurrence greatly limit their application. It is therefore an urgent requirement that safe and efficient natural drugs are found to improve the GLM prognosis. Broadleaf Mahonia (BM) is a traditional Chinese herb that is believed to have anti‑inflammatory properties according to ancient records of traditional Chinese medicine...
November 9, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137206/ancient-food-habits-dictate-that-food-can-be-medicine-but-medicine-cannot-be-food
#2
Hit Kishore Goswami, Hitendra Kumar Ram
Background: Extensive surveys of several population settlements in different parts of India-covering plains, mountains, valleys, river banks and deeper areas of forests at different altitudes-between 1968 and 2016 demonstrated that the basic vital need of hunger is being fulfilled since antiquity by plants in the wild. Methods: Based on collections, consultations with local population personnel and literature searches, this paper presents many plants that are commonly used as food and focuses on their products, which are rich in alkaloids, polysaccharides, steroids, terpenoids, flavonoids, aminoacids, fatty acids and antibiotics etc...
November 13, 2017: Medicines (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133818/searching-for-prostate-cancer-by-fully-automated-magnetic-resonance-imaging-classification-deep-learning-versus-non-deep-learning
#3
Xinggang Wang, Wei Yang, Jeffrey Weinreb, Juan Han, Qiubai Li, Xiangchuang Kong, Yongluan Yan, Zan Ke, Bo Luo, Tao Liu, Liang Wang
Prostate cancer (PCa) is a major cause of death since ancient time documented in Egyptian Ptolemaic mummy imaging. PCa detection is critical to personalized medicine and varies considerably under an MRI scan. 172 patients with 2,602 morphologic images (axial 2D T2-weighted imaging) of the prostate were obtained. A deep learning with deep convolutional neural network (DCNN) and a non-deep learning with SIFT image feature and bag-of-word (BoW), a representative method for image recognition and analysis, were used to distinguish pathologically confirmed PCa patients from prostate benign conditions (BCs) patients with prostatitis or prostate benign hyperplasia (BPH)...
November 13, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114245/the-selective-interaction-of-pistacia-lentiscus-oil-vs-human-streptococci-an-old-functional-food-revisited-with-new-tools
#4
Germano Orrù, Cristina Demontis, Antonello Mameli, Enrica Tuveri, Pierpaolo Coni, Giuseppina Pichiri, Ferdinando Coghe, Antonella Rosa, Paola Rossi, Guy D'hallewin
Pistacia lentiscus berry oil (LBO) represents a typical vegetal product of the Mediterranean basin that has been formally used in traditional cuisine for 100s of years. In addition to its interesting alimentary properties, this product could represent an interesting candidate in the field of research on the study of new anti-infective agents. In fact, in Mediterranean countries, lentisk oil still continues to be widely used in folk medicine for oral and skin affections, in particular, acute gingivitis, pediatric skin infections such as impetigo and foot plaques, and biofilm related infections often associated with Streptococcus spp...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29102765/can-highly-cited-herbs-in-ancient-traditional-chinese-medicine-formulas-and-modern-publications-predict-therapeutic-targets-for-diabetes-mellitus
#5
Huijun Wang, Songshan Shi, Shunchun Wang
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: The prevalence of diabetes among all age groups worldwide was estimated to be more than 382 million in 2013. Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) has been practiced for thousands of years, and substantial valuable experience and prescriptions have been accumulated in the TCM system for the treatment of diabetes. In recent decades, a large amount of experimental and clinical data has been published on the use of herbal medicines related to these ancient TCM prescriptions...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29099084/essential-oils-and-antifungal-activity
#6
REVIEW
Filomena Nazzaro, Florinda Fratianni, Raffaele Coppola, Vincenzo De Feo
Since ancient times, folk medicine and agro-food science have benefitted from the use of plant derivatives, such as essential oils, to combat different diseases, as well as to preserve food. In Nature, essential oils play a fundamental role in protecting the plant from biotic and abiotic attacks to which it may be subjected. Many researchers have analyzed in detail the modes of action of essential oils and most of their components. The purpose of this brief review is to describe the properties of essential oils, principally as antifungal agents, and their role in blocking cell communication mechanisms, fungal biofilm formation, and mycotoxin production...
November 2, 2017: Pharmaceuticals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29090566/-pharmacovigilance-of-chinese-medicine-practice-of-cognition-application-prevention-and-rescue-of-drug-toxicity
#7
Bing Zhang, Zhi-Jian Lin, Xiao-Meng Zhang
Toxicity of traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) is the core of pharmacovigilance of Chinese medicine, whose initiation, development and practice revolves around the toxicity of TCM. Toxicity of TCM has rich meanings, and are influenced by three factors: drug composition, clinical use and patient constitution. With the increasingly deep understanding of toxicity of TCM, the cognition of clinicians is more objective, and the application, prevention and rescue are more complete. Therefore, based on the analysis of large numbers of ancient books, we put forward the whole pharmacovigilance theoretical frame that is formed by cognition, application, prevention and rescue of drug toxicity, which comprehensively reflects the academic Characteristics of safety medication in TCM...
May 2017: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29090564/-herbal-textual-research-on-relationship-between-chinese-medicine-shihu-dendrobium-spp-and-tiepi-shihu-d-catenatum
#8
Jin-Ping Si, Yuan Zhang, Yi-Bo Luo, Jing-Jing Liu, Zhong-Jian Liu
Dendrobium species on the ancient Chinese herbal texts were investigated in this paper, including their dscriptions of original species, producing areas and quality. Our results indicated that the major producing areas were Lu'an, Anhui province and Wenzhou, Taizhou, Zhejiang province. In addition, the sweet flavor, short, thin and solid stems were standing for good quality. Based on the stable producing areas and quality descriptions, D. catenatum (D. officinale) ("Tiepi Shihu") and D. houshanense were high quality medicinal Dendrobium species ("Shihu" ) in ancient China...
May 2017: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29090537/-modern-research-and-application-of-longgu
#9
REVIEW
Wen-Wen Xu, Jia-Neng Du, Xu-Liang Hao, Yan Ni, Hai-Xia Ji, Wei-Han Yang
Longgu is the fossil of ancient mammals which was used as a common kind of mineral medicine. Longgu is always used to treat neurological diseases. Currently, the quality standard of Longgu is incomplete. Moreover, because of the non-renewable nature of the resource and the increase of national protection of fossils, the clinical application of Longgu is facing a series of problems. As the discovery of the ingredient and the development of forging technology researchers launched to search the substitutes of Longgu...
May 2017: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29089187/reliability-of-self-reported-constitutional-questionnaires-in-ayurveda-diagnosis
#10
Corina Dunlap, Douglas Hanes, Charles Elder, Carolyn Nygaard, Heather Zwickey
BACKGROUND: Ayurveda is one of the most ancient and widely practiced forms of medicine today, along with Traditional Chinese Medicine. It consists of determining an individual's constitution or Prakriti and current imbalance(s) through the use of multimodal approaches. Ayurveda practitioners may choose to include either a self-reported or structured interview constitutional questionnaire as part of the Prakriti assessment. Currently, there is no standardized or validated self-reported constitutional questionnaire tool employed by Ayurveda physicians or western Ayurveda educational institutions...
October 28, 2017: Journal of Ayurveda and Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29082682/-evolution-and-transition-of-quality-evaluation-of-platycodon-grandiflorum
#11
Hai-Yang Lu, Hua-Sheng Peng, Shuang-Ying Gui, Dai-Yin Peng
Platycodon grandiflorum, a traditional Chinese medicine commonly used for coughing and eliminating phlegm to relieve asthma, has gained great attention to its quality evaluation in ancient and modern herbal books. This paper investigated the methods of quality evaluation in the ancient herbal books systematically, and the results showed that there were bitter and sweet P. grandiflorum, south and north P. grandiflorum. Those distributed in east China were called south P. grandiflorum, with bitter taste; and those distributed in north China, northeast China were called north P...
May 2017: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29082681/-research-and-investigation-on-original-plants-of-medicinal-moutan
#12
Hua-Sheng Peng, De-Qun Wang, Dai-Yin Peng, Lu-Qi Huang
As a kind of famous ornamental flowers, Moutan, known as "the king of flower", mainly originates from various cultivars of Paeonia suffruticosa. Moutan Cortex, a common traditional Chinese medicine, has a long medicinal history for more than 2 000 years. At present, "Fengdanpi", which is the root bark of P. ostii mainly growing in Tongling, Anhui, is a sort of Dao-di herbs in traditional Chinese medicine. However,various editions of Chinese pharmacopoeia has been stipulating that Moutan Cortex originates from the bark root of P...
May 2017: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29082679/-variety-and-distribution-of-anhui-native-medicinal-materials-in-ancient-chinese-materia-medica
#13
Jin Xie, Liang-Ping Zha, Hua-Sheng Peng, De-Qun Wang, Dai-Yin Peng
Anhui is located in the middle and lower reaches of the Yangtze River Plain, its across warm temperate zone and subtropics. The mountain and water next to each other, which leads to Chinese medicine resources ranked first in East China. The utilization of traditional Chinese medicine resources in Anhui has a long history, which could date back to the publishing time of Ming Yi Bie Lu (Appendant Records of Famous Physicians). And the kinds of traditional Chinese medicine in Song Dynasty ups to 80. There are also some differences in the distribution of various geographical units in terms of the types: Jianghuai hilly region's ups to 64, 25 in Wannan mountainous area, the species in Dabie Mountains and Huaibei plain are 16 and 14 respectively...
May 2017: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29058221/systems-health-a-transition-from-disease-management-toward-health-promotion
#14
Li Shen, Benchen Ye, Huimin Sun, Yuxin Lin, Herman van Wietmarschen, Bairong Shen
To date, most of the chronic diseases such as cancer, cardiovascular disease, and diabetes, are the leading cause of death. Current strategies toward disease treatment, e.g., risk prediction and target therapy, still have limitations for precision medicine due to the dynamic and complex nature of health. Interactions among genetics, lifestyle, and surrounding environments have nonnegligible effects on disease evolution. Thus a transition in health-care area is urgently needed to address the hysteresis of diagnosis and stabilize the increasing health-care costs...
2017: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052376/-the-present-situation-and-countermeasures-of-uighur-medicine-compound
#15
Jiang He, Hong Wang, Lun-Li Zhang, Xiao-Jun Yang, Xuan-Chen Zhang, Wei-Jun Yang
Uighur medicine compound, which created and used by Uighur nationality, is under the guidance of the Uighur medical theory system of herbal formula and dialectical use of minority nationality conventional medicines. In recent years, Uighur medicine attracted more and more attention of people which have used and were using it. Combining the history of Uighur medicine, this article summarizes the Uighur resources, medicinal materials, drugs preparation, ancient documents, and the establishment of the clinical evaluation system and so on, and then analyzes the status quo and the existing problems in Uighur medicine compound research and industry...
April 2017: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034182/food-strategies-of-renal-atrophy-based-on-avicenna-and-conventional-medicine
#16
REVIEW
Marjan Mahjour, Arash Khoushabi, Maryam Miri Ghale Novi, Zohre Feyzabadi
Kidneys have an important role in the body. Any damage to kidney role can damage many organs of the body. Traditional Persian Medicine (TPM) or Iranian traditional medicine (ITM) is an ancient temperamental medicine with many literatures about kidney diseases and Avicenna (980-1025 AD) describes kidney diseases in details. This is a review study by searching of the most important clinical and pharmaceutical TPM textbooks such as The Canon of Medicine by Avicenna and scientific data banks using keywords such as "Hozal-e-Kolye", renal atrophy, tubular atrophy, kidney, chronic kidney disease, and end stage renal disease...
October 2017: Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032757/an-evidence-based-review-of-medicinal-herbs-for-the-treatment-of-gastroesophageal-reflux-disease-gerd
#17
Ayda Hosseinkhani, Kamran Bagheri Lankarani, Abdolali Mohagheghzadeh, Chunlin Long, Mehdi Pasalar
BACKGROUND: Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is one of the most common diseases in society, affecting up to 40% of the population. It has major impact on the quality of life and a high burden on medical expenditure. In this work, herbs used by ancient Iranians to treat GERD have been introduced. METHODS: Different well-known Persian textbooks and recent electronic databases were searched to explore the treatment of GERD and the pharmacological mechanisms of the identified medicinal plants...
October 10, 2017: Current Drug Discovery Technologies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031949/evaluation-of-irimedadi-taila-as-an-adjunctive-in-treating-plaque-induced-gingivitis
#18
Shweta Patil, Siddhartha A Varma, Girish Suragimath, Keshava Abbayya, Sameer A Zope, Vishwajeet Kale
BACKGROUND: Ayurvedic drugs have been used since ancient times to treat diseases including periodontal diseases. Oral rinses made from ayurvedic medicines are used in periodontal therapy to control bleeding and reduce inflammation. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy of herbal preparation (Irimedadi taila) on reduction of plaque induced gingivitis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 100 volunteers with clinical signs of mild to moderate gingivitis were selected and assigned to Group A (only scaling done) and Group B (scaling along with the use of Irimedadi taila)...
October 11, 2017: Journal of Ayurveda and Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991769/let-s-go-bananas-gren-bananas-and-their-health-benefits
#19
Vasso Apostolopoulos, Juliana Antonipillai, Kathy Tangalakis, John F Ashton, Lily Stojanovska
Bananas have enormous health benefits as a food for both animals and humans. They have been used as a complimentary medicine to treat pathological conditions since ancient times. Recently, there has been increased interest in the scientific validity of the beneficial effects of bananas in alleviating and treating disease conditions including, ulcers, infections, diabetes, diarrhea, colitis and blood pressure. Herein, we write on the potential therapeutic and functional benefits of certain species of bananas when consumed green as well as considering the properties of extracts from the non-fruit parts of the plant...
September 1, 2017: Prilozi (Makedonska Akademija Na Naukite i Umetnostite. Oddelenie za Medicinski Nauki)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28985560/ferroptosis-a-regulated-cell-death-nexus-linking-metabolism-redox-biology-and-disease
#20
REVIEW
Brent R Stockwell, José Pedro Friedmann Angeli, Hülya Bayir, Ashley I Bush, Marcus Conrad, Scott J Dixon, Simone Fulda, Sergio Gascón, Stavroula K Hatzios, Valerian E Kagan, Kay Noel, Xuejun Jiang, Andreas Linkermann, Maureen E Murphy, Michael Overholtzer, Atsushi Oyagi, Gabriela C Pagnussat, Jason Park, Qitao Ran, Craig S Rosenfeld, Konstantin Salnikow, Daolin Tang, Frank M Torti, Suzy V Torti, Shinya Toyokuni, K A Woerpel, Donna D Zhang
Ferroptosis is a form of regulated cell death characterized by the iron-dependent accumulation of lipid hydroperoxides to lethal levels. Emerging evidence suggests that ferroptosis represents an ancient vulnerability caused by the incorporation of polyunsaturated fatty acids into cellular membranes, and cells have developed complex systems that exploit and defend against this vulnerability in different contexts. The sensitivity to ferroptosis is tightly linked to numerous biological processes, including amino acid, iron, and polyunsaturated fatty acid metabolism, and the biosynthesis of glutathione, phospholipids, NADPH, and coenzyme Q10...
October 5, 2017: Cell
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