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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908257/ginkgo-biloba-as-an-alternative-medicine-in-the-treatment-of-anxiety-in-dementia-and-other-psychiatric-disorders
#1
Sandeep Kumar Singh, George E Barreto, Gjumrakch Aliev, Valentina Echeverria
BACKGROUND: Mental disorders are the most common health problems in the worldwide population. Current medicines against these conditions have undesired side effects or limited effectiveness. These disadvantageous pharmacological and therapeutic characteristics provoke a low adherence to treatment in an important percentage of patients with mental disorders. Since ancient times, ethnically different groups have been using plants extracts as medicines for the treatment of mental conditions including dementia, depression and anxiety disorders...
December 1, 2016: Current Drug Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904174/on-the-history-of-classification-in-dermatology
#2
Amiya Kumar Mukhopadhyay
Since the early days of cutaneous medicine, naming of the entities had remained a confusing subject. Earlier texts of all ancient civilisations are almost similar in this topic The Biblical controversy regarding the actual translational meaning of the original Hebrew term Zara 'at has become a centre of controversy amongst many research scholars of the medical history. Similar debate exists about the Ayurvedic term Kustha---- whether it meant leprosy or stood for a number of skin affliction is a matter of controversy...
November 2016: Indian Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27892584/a-short-history-of-phototherapy-vitamin-d-and-skin-disease
#3
Paul Jarrett, Robert Scragg
The earliest record between sun exposure and skin disease goes back five millennia to the ancient Egyptians. The modern scientific era of medical light therapy and skin diseases started in 1877 when Downs and Blunt reported that exposure to light inhibited fungal growth in test tubes. Continuing research generated a growing medical interest in the potential the effects of light to treat and cure skin diseases considered as parasitic. This culminated in the awarding of the 1903 Nobel Prize in Medicine to Niels Finsen for his pioneering work showing that light could successfully treat cutaneous mycobacterium tuberculosis (lupus vulgaris), a disfiguring disorder common at the time...
November 28, 2016: Photochemical & Photobiological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891329/effects-of-lead-in-various-preparatory-stages-of-nagabhasma-on-function-and-histopathology-of-cornu-ammonis-of-hippocampus
#4
Lydia S Quadros, Hemalatha Bangera, Sushma R Kotian, Kumar M R Bhat
INTRODUCTION: Heavy metals are frequently used in the preparations of traditional/folk medicines. One such preparation in Ayurveda is Nagabhasma, in which lead is the main ingredient. Lead is non-essential element to the human body and is known toxic substance to many organ systems. However, it is claimed that, the highly toxic metallic lead will be converted into health beneficial organo-metallic compound when raw lead is subjected to various traditional methods of purification during preparation as mentioned in the ancient medicinal system...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886147/emerging-phytochemicals-for-the-prevention-and-treatment-of-head-and-neck-cancer
#5
REVIEW
Santosh K Katiyar
Despite the development of more advanced medical therapies, cancer management remains a problem. Head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) is a particularly challenging malignancy and requires more effective treatment strategies and a reduction in the debilitating morbidities associated with the therapies. Phytochemicals have long been used in ancient systems of medicine, and non-toxic phytochemicals are being considered as new options for the effective management of cancer. Here, we discuss the growth inhibitory and anti-cell migratory actions of proanthocyanidins from grape seeds (GSPs), polyphenols in green tea and honokiol, derived from the Magnolia species...
November 24, 2016: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878212/obesity-paradox-obesity-orthodox-and-the-metabolic-syndrome-an-approach-to-unity
#6
Jesse Roth, Navneet Sahota, Priya Patel, Syed Faizan Mehdi, Mohammad Masum Wiese, Hafiz B Mahboob, Michelle Bravo, Daniel J Eden, Muhammad A Bashir, Amrat Kumar, Farah Alsaati, Irwin J Kurland, Wunnie Brima, Ann Danoff, Alessandra L Szulc, Valentin A Pavlov, Kevin J Tracey, Huan Yang
Obesity and the accompanying metabolic syndrome are strongly associated with heightened morbidity and mortality in older adults. In our review of more than 20 epidemiologic studies of major infectious diseases, including leaders such as tuberculosis, community-acquired pneumonia, and sepsis, obesity was associated with better outcomes. A cause-and-effect relationship between over-nutrition and survival with infection is suggested by results of two preliminary studies of infections in mice, where high fat feeding for 8-10 weeks provided much better outcomes...
November 16, 2016: Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869738/plants-producing-ribosome-inactivating-proteins-in-traditional-medicine
#7
REVIEW
Letizia Polito, Massimo Bortolotti, Stefania Maiello, Maria Giulia Battelli, Andrea Bolognesi
Ribosome-inactivating proteins (RIPs) are enzymes that deadenylate nucleic acids and are broadly distributed in the plant kingdom. Many plants that contain RIPs are listed in the pharmacopoeias of folk medicine all over the world, mostly because of their toxicity. This review analyses the position occupied in traditional medicine by plants from which RIPs have been isolated. The overview starts from the antique age of the Mediterranean area with ancient Egypt, followed by the Greek and Roman classic period...
November 18, 2016: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27864668/unproven-therapies-for-diabetes-and-their-implications
#8
REVIEW
Jothydev Kesavadev, Banshi Saboo, Shaukat Sadikot, Ashok Kumar Das, Shashank Joshi, Rajeev Chawla, Hemant Thacker, Arun Shankar, Lakshmy Ramachandran, Sanjay Kalra
Diabetes is a chronic disease and is one of the leading causes of morbidity and mortality worldwide. Being an ancient disease, many individuals follow complementary and alternative medicinal (CAM) therapies for either the cure or prevention of the disease. The popularity of these practices among the general public is in no way a testimony to their safety and efficacy. Due to the possibility of undesirable interactions with conventional medicines, it is imperative that patients are asked about CAM use during patient assessment...
November 18, 2016: Advances in Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27853254/gastrodin-protects-against-chronic-inflammatory-pain-by-inhibiting-spinal-synaptic-potentiation
#9
Mei-Mei Xiao, Yu-Qi Zhang, Wen-Ting Wang, Wen-Juan Han, Zhen Lin, Rou-Gang Xie, Zhi Cao, Na Lu, San-Jue Hu, Sheng-Xi Wu, Hui Dong, Ceng Luo
Tissue injury is known to produce inflammation and pain. Synaptic potentiation between peripheral nociceptors and spinal lamina I neurons has been proposed to serve as a trigger for chronic inflammatory pain. Gastrodin is a main bioactive constituent of the traditional Chinese herbal medicine Gastrodia elata Blume, which has been widely used as an analgesic since ancient times. However, its underlying cellular mechanisms have remained elusive. The present study demonstrated for the first time that gastrodin exhibits an analgesic effect at the spinal level on spontaneous pain, mechanical and thermal pain hypersensitivity induced by peripheral inflammation, which is not dependent on opioid receptors and without tolerance...
November 17, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843823/physicians-of-ancient-india
#10
REVIEW
Anu Saini
A survey of Indian medical historiography will reveal no dearth of work on the systems of medicine and medical literature of ancient India. However, the people who were responsible for the healing have not received much attention. This article traces the evolution of the physician as a professional in ancient India. This article reviews the secondary literature on healing and medical practice in India, specifically pertaining to the individual medical practitioner, drawing from varied sources. The healers of ancient India hailed from different castes and classes...
April 2016: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27837575/dreams-in-ancient-greek-medicine
#11
K Laios, M M Moschos, E Koukaki, E Vasilopoulos, M Karamanou, M-I Kontaxaki, G Androutsos
Dreams preoccupied the Greek and Roman world in antiquity, therefore they had a prominent role in social, philosophical, religious, historical and political life of those times. They were considered as omens and prophetic signs of future events in private and public life, and that was particularly accentuated when elements of actions which took place in the plot of dreams were associated directly or indirectly with real events. This is why it was important to use them in divination, and helped the growth of superstition and folklore believes...
July 2016: Psychiatrikē, Psychiatriki
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27830869/atlas-occipitalization-associated-with-other-anomalies-in-a-16th-century-skeleton-from-sardinia-italy
#12
Valentina Giuffra, Andrea Montella, Marco Milanese, Eugenia Tognotti, Davide Caramella, Pasquale Bandiera
Archaeological excavations carried out in the plague cemetery of 16th century Alghero (Sardinia) brought to light the skeleton of a male aged 35-45 years, showing anomalies of the atlas. A macroscopic and radiological study has been carried out. The first cervical vertebra is fused with the skull base, resulting in an occipitalization of the atlas. Absence of the costal element of the left foramen trasversarium, resulting in an open anterior foramen trasversarium, and posterior arch defect are also observed...
November 10, 2016: Folia Morphologica (Warsz)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27793785/autophagy-modulators-from-traditional-chinese-medicine-mechanisms-and-therapeutic-potentials-for-cancer-and-neurodegenerative-diseases
#13
REVIEW
Sheng-Fang Wang, Ming-Yue Wu, Cui-Zan Cai, Min Li, Jia-Hong Lu
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM), an ancient yet still alive medicinal system widely used in East Asia, has played an essential role in health maintenance and diseases control, for a wide range of human chronic diseases like cancers and neurodegenerative diseases. TCM-derived compounds and extracts attract wide attention for their potential application as therapeutic agents against above mentioned diseases. AIM OF REVIEW: Recent years the enthusiasm in searching for autophagy regulators for human diseases has yielded many positive hits...
October 25, 2016: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27789874/a-web-based-knowledge-management-system-integrating-western-and-traditional-chinese-medicine-for-relational-medical-diagnosis
#14
Maria C Herrera-Hernandez, Susana K Lai-Yuen, Les A Piegl, Xiao Zhang
This article presents the design of a web-based knowledge management system as a training and research tool for the exploration of key relationships between Western and Traditional Chinese Medicine, in order to facilitate relational medical diagnosis integrating these mainstream healing modalities. The main goal of this system is to facilitate decision-making processes, while developing skills and creating new medical knowledge. Traditional Chinese Medicine can be considered as an ancient relational knowledge-based approach, focusing on balancing interrelated human functions to reach a healthy state...
October 26, 2016: Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers. Part H, Journal of Engineering in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27785941/new-development-in-traditional-chinese-medicine-symbolism-digit-therapy-as-a-special-naturopathic-treatment
#15
Shanyu Li, Stevenson Xutian
Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) grew out of traditional Chinese culture. For example, the eight-diagram symbol is composed of the Yang and the Yin. According to oriental philosophy, everything in the universe has a two-sided property, namely an image (or symbol) and a number (or digit). This paper introduces the new concept and historical background of symbolism-digit therapy (SDT), which is a natural therapy for the treatment of various kinds of diseases. SDT is of TCM heritage, which can be traced back to the ancient publications such as Yi Jing, and this heritage has been incorporated into modern development and practices...
2016: American Journal of Chinese Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27783266/bringing-curcumin-to-the-clinic-in-cancer-prevention-a-review-of-strategies-to-enhance-bioavailability-and-efficacy
#16
Rama I Mahran, Magda M Hagras, Duxin Sun, Dean E Brenner
Cancer is still a major cause of death all over the world. Its incidence and prevalence are increasing drastically. Cancer treatment imposes high socioeconomic burden with little impact especially on aggressive types of cancer. Reversing or delaying carcinogenesis "cancer chemoprevention" by purified or extracted natural products is a cost-effective alternative. Curcumin is widely available, inexpensive spice that has been used in ancient folk medicine for millennia, especially in India. Curcumin has the pharmacological properties that slow or reverse cellular proliferation and enhance apoptosis and differentiation associated with a diverse array of molecular effects...
October 25, 2016: AAPS Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27774899/spices-therapeutic-potential-in-cardiovascular-health
#17
Subha Rastogi, Madan Mohan Pandey, Aks Rawat
BACKGROUND: Dietary factors play a key role in the development as well as prevention of certain human diseases, including cardiovascular diseases. Currently there has been an increase in global interest to identify medicinal plants that are pharmacologically effective and have low or no side effects for use in preventive medicine. Culinary herbs and spices are an important part of human nutrition in all the cultures of the world. There is a growing amount of literature concerning the potential benefits of these herbs and spices from a health perspective especially in conferring protection against cardiovascular diseases...
October 21, 2016: Current Pharmaceutical Design
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27774418/nephroprotective-effect-of-ethanolic-extract-of-azima-tetracantha-root-in-glycerol-induced-acute-renal-failure-in-wistar-albino-rats
#18
Venugopala Rao Konda, Ruckmani Arunachalam, Madhavi Eerike, Ramesh Rao K, Arun Kumar Radhakrishnan, Lakshmipathy Prabhu Raghuraman, Vinayak Meti, Sobita Devi
The gravity of the impact of renal failure on human health is well known and as there is no specific pharmacotherapy for renal failure, the current study was undertaken to evaluate the effect of root extract of Azima tetracantha, an ancient medicinal plant used in Siddha and Ayurvedhic systems of medicine. The experiment was done in glycerol-induced acute renal failure in Wistar albino rats. Thirty rats were divided into five groups. Group 1 was given normal saline (10 ml/kg) per oral, group 2 with single dose of hypertonic glycerol (8 ml/kg) by intramuscular injection into the hind limbs, group 3 with glycerol and ethanolic extract of A...
October 2016: Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27769950/trepanation-in-ancient-china
#19
Leah Hobert, Emanuela Binello
Trepanation, the process of making a burr hole in the skull to access the brain, is an ancient form of a primitive craniotomy. There is widespread evidence of contributions made to this practice by ancient civilizations in Europe, Africa, and South America, where archaeologists have unearthed thousands of trepanned skulls dating back to the Neolithic period. Little is known about trepanation in China, and it is commonly believed that the Chinese only used traditional Chinese medicine and nonsurgical methods for treating brain injuries...
October 18, 2016: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27765096/-advances-in-the-research-of-promotion-effect-of-aloe-vera-on-wound-healing-and-its-clinical-use
#20
X F Song, X D Chen
Aloe vera has been widely investigated and used as folk medicine since ancient time. Biologically active substances in its gel include polysaccharides, glycoprotein, enzymes, anthraquinones or phenolic compounds, vitamins, minerals, and so on, which play important roles in anti-inflammatory response, antimicrobial, antiviral, antioxidant activity, immunoregulation effects, and especially in wound healing. In this paper, we review the advances in the mechanism and clinical application of Aloe vera and its extract on wound healing, so as to provide new ideas for the treatment of various kinds of wounds...
October 20, 2016: Zhonghua Shao Shang za Zhi, Zhonghua Shaoshang Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Burns
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