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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344412/ginseng-an-nonnegligible-natural-remedy-for-healthy-aging
#1
REVIEW
Yong Yang, Changhong Ren, Yuan Zhang, XiaoDan Wu
Aging is an irreversible physiological process that affects all humans. Numerous theories have been proposed to regarding the process from a Western medicine perspective; however, ancient Chinese medicine practices and theories have increasingly gained attention, particularly ginseng, a grass that has been studied for the anti-aging properties of its active constituents. This review seeks to analyze current data on ginseng and its anti-aging properties. The plant species, characteristics, and active ingredients will be introduced...
December 2017: Aging and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336250/colchicum-genus-in-the-writings-of-ancient-greek-and-byzantine-physicians
#2
Gregory Tsoucalas, Theodoros Papaioannou, George Panayiotakopoulos, Zenia Saridaki, Dimitrios A Vrachatis, Marianna Karamanou
The plants of the Colchicum family were known during the archaic period in Greece for their deleterious properties. Later on, they were used for the treatment of podagra. The treatment was introduced by the ancient Greek physicians and passed on to the Byzantine and Arabian physicians to endure until nowadays. The first plant was most probably named "Medea" from the notorious Colchican witch. As the most common member of the family blossoms in autumn, the plant was named Colchicum autumnale. Various nominations were also used, such as Ephemeron, Hermodactyl, Anima articulorum and Surugen...
January 14, 2018: Current Pharmaceutical Design
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334801/bu-shen-yi-qi-formula-impairs-cytotoxicity-of-nk-cells-by-up-regulating-ido-expression-in-trophoblasts
#3
Shao-Liang Yang, Tian-Tian Niu, Xue-Lian Li, Da-Jin Li, Ming-Qing Li, Hai-Yan Wang
Recurrent spontaneous abortion (RSA) is a common health problem that affects about 5% of fertile women, when it occurs for unknown reasons, it is called unexplained recurrent spontaneous abortion (URSA). Traditional Chinese medicine, such as Bu-Shen-Yi-Qi formula which consists of Dangshen, Tusizi, Baizhu, Baishuo, Duzhong, Sangjisheng, Sugeng, and Tiaohuangqin, has played an invaluable role in the treatment of RSA since ancient times. However, the mechanism of how it takes effect is still not clear. To identify Bu-Shen-Yi-Qi formula could modulate immune condition at maternal-fetal interface via its effect on trophoblasts, HTR-8 of different treatment were co-cultured with peripheral or decidual natural killer (NK) cells, and the receptors such as NKP30 and NKP46 expression on NK cells were measured by flow cytometry (FCM)...
January 15, 2018: Gynecological Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332417/-concise-history-of-toxicology-from-empiric-knowledge-to-science
#4
Anna Tompa, Péter Balázs
Toxicology is a science of poisonings by xenobiotics and endogenous physiological changes. Its empiric roots may be traced back to the emerging of the human race because the most important pledge of our predecessors' survival was the differentiation between eatable and poisonous plants and animals. In the course of social evolution, there were three main fields of using poisons: 1) hunting and warfare, 2) to settle social tensions by avoiding military conflicts through hiding strategy of eliminating enemies by toxic substances, 3) medicines applied first as anti-poisons and later by introducing strong substances to defeat diseases, but paradoxically active euthanasia is also a part of the whole story...
January 2018: Orvosi Hetilap
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329607/the-genus-liriope-phytochemistry-and-pharmacology
#5
Zhan-Peng Shang, Fei Wang, Jia-Yu Zhang, Zi-Jian Wang, Jian-Qiu Lu, Huai-You Wang, Ning Li
Liriope (Liliaceae) species have been used as folk medicines in Asian countries since ancient times. From Liriope plants (8 species), a total of 132 compounds (except polysaccharides) have been isolated and identified, including steroidal saponins, flavonoids, phenols, and eudesmane sesquiterpenoids. The crude extracts or monomeric compounds from this genus have been shown to exhibit anti-tumor, anti-diabetic, anti-inflammatory, and neuroprotective activities. The present review summarizes the results on phytochemical and biological studies on Liriope plants...
November 2017: Chinese Journal of Natural Medicines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325917/increase-in-insulin-sensitivity-by-the-association-of-chicoric-acid-and-chlorogenic-acid-contained-in-a-natural-chicoric-acid-extract-ncrae-of-chicory-cichorium-intybus-l-for-an-antidiabetic-effect
#6
Karine Ferrare, Luc P R Bidel, Abdulmomem Awwad, Patrick Poucheret, Guillaume Cazals, Françoise Lazennec, Jacqueline Azay-Milhau, Michel Tournier, Anne-Dominique Lajoix, Didier Tousch
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Chicory (Cichorium intybus L.) is an indigenous vegetable widely cultivated in Europe, America and Asia. In ancient times, the leaves, flowers, seeds, and roots have been used as a wealth of health benefits including its tonic effects, the ability to ease digestive problems and to detoxify liver. In Indian traditional therapy, chicory was known to possess antidiabetic effect. In the traditional medicine of Bulgaria and Italy, chicory was used as hypoglycemic decoctions...
January 8, 2018: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321985/traditional-persian-medicine-and-management-of-metabolic-dysfunction-in-polycystic-ovary-syndrome
#7
REVIEW
Ayda Hosseinkhani, Nasrin Asadi, Mehdi Pasalar, Mohammad M Zarshenas
Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a common endocrine disorder in women of reproductive age. Its cause is unknown and it remains the most enigmatic of reproductive disorders. The extant written documents of Traditional Persian Medicine (TPM) - with holistic approaches towards human health - contain remedies used for centuries. Before further experimental research on any of these treatments, it is appropriate to study current related scientific evidence on their possible pharmacological actions. This work aims to study PCOS and its treatments in TPM...
January 2018: Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318818/-location-information-acquisition-and-sharing-application-design-in-national-census-of-chinese-medicine-resources
#8
Xiao-Bo Zhang, Meng Li, Hui Wang, Lan-Ping Guo, Lu-Qi Huang
In literature, there are many information on the distribution of Chinese herbal medicine. Limited by the technical methods, the origin of Chinese herbal medicine or distribution of information in ancient literature were described roughly. It is one of the main objectives of the national census of Chinese medicine resources, which is the background information of the types and distribution of Chinese medicine resources in the region. According to the national Chinese medicine resource census technical specifications and pilot work experience, census team with "3S" technology, computer network technology, digital camera technology and other modern technology methods, can effectively collect the location information of traditional Chinese medicine resources...
November 2017: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317302/bu-shen-tong-luo-decoction-prevents-bone-loss-via-inhibition-of-bone-resorption-and-enhancement-of-angiogenesis-in-ovariectomy-induced-osteoporosis-of-rats
#9
Han Yuan, Linyan Xiao, Wen Min, Wenchao Yuan, Shengfeng Lu, Guicheng Huang
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Gathering three ancient formulas, traditional Chinese medicine Bu-Shen-Tong-Luo decoction (BSTLD) has been used to treat postmenopausal osteoporosis (PMO) at the Jiangsu Province Hospital of Chinese Medicine for decades. However, the effect of BSTLD on angiogenesis and bone resorption as well as its possible mechanism are still unknown. AIM OF THE STUDY: This study was aimed to evaluate the preventive effect of BSTLD on ovariectomy-induced bone loss and vasculature disorder, and to investigate the possible bone protection mechanism of BSTLD in inhibiting bone resorption by enhancing angiogenesis signaling in ovariectomy-induced osteoporosis of rats...
January 6, 2018: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29309170/-in-honour-of-asclepius-and-orpheus-ten-years-of-activities-on-the-popularization-of-connections-between-medicine-and-music
#10
Tin Nadarević, Vesna Štefanac Nadarević
Art is defined as the expression or application of the human creative skill and imagination, producing works to be appreciated primarily for their beauty or emotional power. "Ars medica" and "Ars musica" represent two concepts which have been mutually intertwined since the ancient times. Through history, many extraordinary physicians have shown talent towards making and performing music. Guided by the passion for medicine and music, since 2006 the students from the University of Rijeka, Faculty of Medicine have founded an informal group named "In honour of Asclepius and Orpheus" under the aegis of the Croatian Scientific Society for the History of Health Culture...
December 2017: Acta Medico-historica Adriatica: AMHA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29305080/de-novo-transcriptomic-analysis-of-the-venomous-glands-from-the-scorpion-heterometrus-spinifer-revealed-unique-and-extremely-high-diversity-of-the-venom-peptides
#11
Yuchen Deng, Jiawei Gu, Zhenpeng Yan, Mengdi Wang, Chaoqun Ma, Jiafeng Zhang, Guixian Jiang, Mengxiao Ge, Shuogui Xu, Zheng Xu, Liang Xiao
Scorpion, as an ancient species, has been widely used on dozens of human diseases in traditional Chinese Medicine. Although the scorpion venom from the Buthidae family with the potent toxicity attracts more interests, toxins from the non-Buthidae family draw great attention as well because of its abundance and complexity even without harm to mammals. Moreover, several toxic components of scorpion venom have been identified as valuable scaffolds for the drug design and development. Using the Next Generation Sequencing (NGS) technique, here we reported the transcriptome of the venomous glands of Heterometrus spinifer, a non-Buthidae scorpion that only a few toxic and complete components have been identified known-to-date...
January 2, 2018: Toxicon: Official Journal of the International Society on Toxinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29303784/medicinal-plants-with-acetylcholinesterase-inhibitory-activity
#12
Sita Sharan Patel, Ramsaneh Raghuwanshi, Misha Masood, Ashish Acharya, Surendra Kumar Jain
Alzheimer's disease, a progressive neurodegenerative disease, is characterised by hypofunction of acetylcholine (ACh) neurotransmitter in the distinct region of brain. Acetylcholinesterase (AChE) is an enzyme that metabolises the ACh at synaptic cleft resulting in Alzheimer's disease. Medicinal plants have been used to treat numerous ailments and improve human health from ancient time. A traditional system of medicine is long recognised for its effective management of neurological disorders. The present review confers the scope of some common medicinal plants with a special focus on AChE-mediated central nervous system complications especially Alzheimer's disease...
January 5, 2018: Reviews in the Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29285002/historical-contribution-of-pharmaceutics-to-botany-and-pharmacognosy-development
#13
REVIEW
Lejla Zunic, Armin Skrbo, Amra Dobraca
Introduction: Pharmacy and medicine belong to the oldest human activities, so the development of these sciences is closely related to the socio-economic, cultural and religious opportunities of the nations within which they have been developing. Goals: To present the historical influence of pharmacy on the development of the human being from its very beginning; To present the historical link between pharmaceutical and medical activity, as well as early development of independent pharmaceutical activity; To present the historical influence of pharmacists on the development of botany and pharmacognosy and to present the historical influence of the first written herbarium and incunabula on the development of pharmacognosy...
December 2017: Materia Socio-medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29280946/secondary-metabolite-profiling-of-species-of-the-genus-usnea-by-uhplc-esi-ot-ms-ms
#14
Francisco Salgado, Laura Albornoz, Carmen Cortéz, Elena Stashenko, Kelly Urrea-Vallejo, Edgar Nagles, Cesar Galicia-Virviescas, Alberto Cornejo, Alejandro Ardiles, Mario Simirgiotis, Olimpo García-Beltrán, Carlos Areche
Lichens are symbiotic associations of fungi with microalgae and/or cyanobacteria, which are considered among the slowest growing organisms, with strong tolerance to adverse environmental conditions. There are about 400 genera and 1600 species of lichens and those belonging to the Usnea genus comprise about 360 of these species. Usnea lichens have been used since ancient times as dyes, cosmetics, preservatives, deodorants and folk medicines. The phytochemistry of the Usnea genus includes more than 60 compounds which belong to the following classes: depsides, depsidones, depsones, lactones, quinones, phenolics, polysaccharides, fatty acids and dibenzofurans...
December 27, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29278625/the-historical-use-of-medicinal-plants-in-traditional-and-scientific-medicine
#15
Žarko Šantić, Nikolina Pravdić, Milenko Bevanda, Kristina Galić
There is a strong connection between man and nature, ever since his first origins, the man discovered the benefits of the plant kingdom, which he used to feed himself, to heal and to survive. Following the use of eatable, medicinal and poisonous plants takes us into the distant past. The man's first knowledge about plants passed from generation to generation. The ancients Chinese, Egyptians, Indians, Greeks, Romans and the Old Slavs knew a large number of medicinal plants. That knowledge was carried over to other nations as well...
December 2017: Psychiatria Danubina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29250921/determination-of-sugars-and-cyclitols-isolated-from-various-morphological-parts-of-medicago-sativa-l
#16
Hossam Al-Suod, Ileana-Andreea Ratiu, Magdalena Ligor, Tomasz Ligor, Bogusław Buszewski
Plant research interest has increased all over the world, and a large body of evidence has been collected to show the huge potential of medicinal plants in various disease treatments. Medicago sativa L., known as alfalfa, is a rich source of biologically active components and secondary metabolites and was frequently used from the ancient times both as fodder crop and as a traditional medicine in the treatment of various diseases. Cyclitols, naturally occurring in this plant, have a particular interest for us due to their significant anti-diabetic, antioxidant, anti-inflammatory and anti-cancer properties...
December 18, 2017: Journal of Separation Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29249635/study-on-physical-properties-of-ayurvedic-nanocrystalline-tamra-bhasma-by-employing-modern-scientific-tools
#17
Rakesh Kr Singh, Sanjay Kumar, Abhay Kr Aman, S M Karim, Sunil Kumar, Manoranjan Kar
BACKGROUND: Tamra Bhasma is derived from metallic copper that is recommended for different ailments of liver and spleen, dropsy, abdominal pain, heart disease, colitis, tumors, anemia, loss of appetite, tuberculosis, as well as eye problems. OBJECTIVES: The knowledge of crystallite size and active ingredients in Bhasma materials is limited restricting its use as nanomedicine in the modern era. Also, the 2015 Nobel prize in medicine has motivated many researchers towards traditional medicines...
December 15, 2017: Journal of Ayurveda and Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29247697/antiallergic-and-antihistaminic-actions-of-ceasalpinia-bonducella-seeds-possible-role-in-treatment-of-asthma
#18
Sunayana Vikhe, Sunil Nirmal, Suhas Siddheshwar
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Seed kernel of the plant Ceasalpinia bonducella Linn (Caesalpiniacaeae) are used for the treatment of asthma in folk medicine and ancient books. AIM OF STUDY: To assess the pharmacological efficacy of the plant in asthma and to confine and describe the synthetic constituents from the seeds that are in charge of the action. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The viability of petroleum ether and ethanol extracts of C. bonducella seeds were screened for the treatment of asthma by various methods viz...
December 13, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29247328/identification-and-cytochemical-immunolocalization-of-acetyl-coa-acetyltransferase-involved-in-the-terpenoid-mevalonate-pathway-in-euphorbia-helioscopia-laticifers
#19
Meng Wang, Dou Wang, Qing Zhang, Jia Chai, Yong Peng, Xia Cai
BACKGROUND: Terpenoids, the largest class of natural products in the plant kingdom, have been widely used in medicine. The precursors of terpenoids, isoprene phosphate (IPP) and dimethylallyl pyrophosphate (DMAPP), were synthesized from a mevalonate (MVA) pathway and a 2-C-methyl-D-erythritol-4-phosphate (MEP) pathway respectively. The acetyl-CoA acetyltransferase (AACT) is the initial enzyme in MVA pathway and is considered presently to be essential for terpenoid backbone biosynthesis...
December 16, 2017: Botanical Studies (Taipei, Taiwan)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243421/-history-evolution-of-salt-production-and-processing-with-brine
#20
REVIEW
Lei Wang, Cai-Yun Yan, Zhi-Yong Le, Jing-Jing Dong, Zong-Li Bai
Salt is an important excipient for Chinese medicine salt. The standardization of its quality is conducive to ensuring the quality of Chinese medicine pieces. In this paper, the processing with brine and the processing auxiliary salt were studied from three aspects: the history evolution of salt, the history evolution of processing with brine, and the modern research of processing with brine. It has been found that salt plays an important role in the history of China. It has a long history and a wide variety...
October 2017: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
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