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Ancient* medicine* techniques*

Leah Hobert, Emanuela Binello
Trepanation, the process of making a burr hole in the skull to access the brain, is an ancient form of a primitive craniotomy. There is widespread evidence of contributions made to this practice by ancient civilizations in Europe, Africa, and South America, where archaeologists have unearthed thousands of trepanned skulls dating back to the Neolithic period. Little is known about trepanation in China, and it is commonly believed that the Chinese only used traditional Chinese medicine and nonsurgical methods for treating brain injuries...
October 18, 2016: World Neurosurgery
Christos Koutserimpas, Kalliopi Alpantaki, George Samonis
Homer's Iliad is one of the highest intellectual products of the early ancient Greek civilisation. A plethora of medical information lies within Iliad's 24 rhapsodies, and a total of 147 injuries are described. The present study records and evaluates all cases of trauma management included in this epic poem. Not only Iliad's original text but also all myths related to Iliad from the five-volume Greek Mythology by Ioannis Kakridis were meticulously studied to locate the injured person, the type of trauma, the care provider and the type of given care as well as the outcome of each case...
September 9, 2016: International Wound Journal
Soundharrajan Ilavenil, Da Hye Kim, Mayakrishnan Vijayakumar, Srisesharam Srigopalram, Sang Gun Roh, Mariadhas Valan Arasu, Jong Suk Lee, Ki Choon Choi
BACKGROUND: From ancient times, marine algae have emerged as alternative medicine and foods, contains the rich source of natural products like proteins, vitamins, and secondary metabolites, especially Chlorella vulgaris (C. vulgaris) contains numerous anti-inflammatory, antioxidants and wound healing substances. Type 2 diabetes mellitus is closely associated with adipogenesis and their factors. Hence, we aimed to investigate the chemical constituents and adipogenic modulatory properties of C...
2016: Biological Research
Mathias Stiller, Antje Sucker, Klaus Griewank, Daniela Aust, Gustavo Bruno Baretton, Dirk Schadendorf, Susanne Horn
DNA derived from formalin-fixed and paraffin-embedded (FFPE) tissue has been a challenge to large-scale genomic sequencing, due to its low quality and quantities. Improved techniques enabling the genome-wide analysis of FFPE material would be of great value, both from a research and clinical perspective.Comparing a single-strand DNA library preparation method originally developed for ancient DNA to conventional protocols using double-stranded DNA derived from FFPE material we obtain on average 900-fold more library molecules and improved sequence complexity from as little as 5 ng input DNA...
July 24, 2016: Oncotarget
Ilaria Sanzarello, Matteo Nanni, Cesare Faldini
The aim of this paper is to review all treatment methods of the clubfoot over the years through the documentation present in the literature and art with the aim of better understanding the pathoanatomy of the deformity, but to also clarify factors that allow a safe, logical approach to clubfoot management. The initial part of this paper traces the most representative iconographic representations of clubfoot in history to describe how his presence was witnessed since ancient times. Hippocrates, the father of medicine, was the first to present written references about treatment methods of clubfoot...
July 7, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics. Part B
Hua Chen, Ting Tian, Hua Miao, Ying-Yong Zhao
Medicinal mushroom Phellinus linteus ("Sanghuang" in Chinese, ) is a famous fungus which is widely used in China, Korea, and other Asian countries. As a traditional Chinese medicine with a 2000-year long history, medicinal applications of Phellinus linteus mainly include treating hemorrhage, hemostasis and diseases related to female menstruation according to Chinese clinical empirical practice. A number of studies reported Phellinus linteus possessed good therapeutic effects on various ailments including tumor, diabetes, inflammation, obesity, etc...
September 2016: Fitoterapia
Hari Sharma
Meditation has become popular in many Western nations, especially the USA. An increasing body of research shows various health benefits associated with meditation and these findings have sparked interest in the field of medicine. The practice of meditation originated in the ancient Vedic times of India and is described in the ancient Vedic texts. Meditation is one of the modalities used in Ayurveda (Science of Life), the comprehensive, natural health care system that originated in the ancient Vedic times of India...
July 2015: Ayu
Mohini Ashok Phanse, Manohar Janardhan Patil, Konde Abbulu
BACKGROUND: Diabetes mellitus is an international public health problem since ancient days. The condition is predominantly more severe in developing countries like India where, life is more sedentary due to the even changing lifestyles in this fast-paced global scenario. Thespesia populnea is widely used in the ayurvedic system of medicine for treatment of diabetes mellitus in India for years. The aim of this work is to explore the anti-diabetic activity of the isolated compound. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The sesquiterpene isolated from hexane fraction of bark of T...
October 2015: Pharmacognosy Magazine
Evgeni Rozenfeld, Leonid Kalichman
Cupping is an ancient technique used in treating pain and various disorders. Different techniques have been developed over time, however, applying a cup to create suction over a painful area, is common to all. Dry or fire cupping, used on the intact skin, leaves bluish circular hematomas. Recently, interest in cupping has re-emerged and subsequently, several studies have begun to investigate the mechanisms of cupping therapy. Mechanically, cupping increases blood circulation, whereas physiologically it activates the immune system and stimulates the mechanosensitive fibers, thus leading to a reduction in pain...
January 2016: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
E Cogan
This work constitutes a argued analysis of the publication of the article of Hertoghe et al. "Anti aging medicine, a science based, essential medicine " whose full and unreviewed publication was forced in the framework of the Belgian law on the right of reply to an earlier publication entitled " Anti-Aging Medicine: Science or Marketing? ". We confirm the absence of scientific evidence on the effectiveness of hormonal treatments used in this approach by highlighting the different techniques allowing doctors who promote this approach to make believe in their effectiveness...
November 2015: Revue Médicale de Bruxelles
Gai Mao, Hongling Jia, Yongchen Zhang
The ancient literature on Taiyuan (LU 9) was collected to summarize the application laws of this acupoint. One thousand TCM ancient works collected in Chinese Medical Dictionary (fourth edition) were retrieved. The literature on the indications of Taiyuan (LU 9), the indications of Taiyuan (LU 9) combined prescriptions, the laws of acupoints combination and the techniques of acupuncture and moxibustion was collected systematically and the database was set up. It is found that there are 333 provisions in compliance with the inclusive standard of Taiyuan (LU 9), 306 provisions for the treatment of disorders and 66 relevant ancient works...
October 2015: Zhongguo Zhen Jiu, Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion
Mehrdad Zeinalian, Mehdi Eshaghi, Homayoun Naji, Sayyed Mohammad Masoud Marandi, Mohammad Reza Sharbafchi, Sedigheh Asgary
Personalized medicine (PM) is a novel term used for a medical model in which all diagnostic, prognostic, and therapeutic aspects of a disease are individualized for a patient using specific molecular testing. In Iranian-Islamic traditional medicine (IITM) an ancient paradigm for PM has been described which has been introduced in this paper. We reviewed the ancient resources of IITM and many valid recent studies on personalized medicine and described an ancient feature of personalized medicine in comparison with new ones...
2015: Advanced Biomedical Research
P Gruber, T Böni
In ancient times as well as in the Middle Ages treatment options for discogenic nerve compression syndrome were limited and usually not very specific because of low anatomical and pathophysiological knowledge. The stretch rack (scamnum Hippocratis) was particularly prominent but was widely used as a therapeutic device for very different spinal disorders. Since the beginning of the nineteenth century anatomical knowledge increased and the advances in the fields of asepsis, anesthesia and surgery resulted in an increase in surgical interventions on the spine...
December 2015: Der Unfallchirurg
Angharad Le Moullec, Ole Johan Juvik, Torgils Fossen
Zamioculcas zamiifolia, an unusually drought resistant medicinal plant native to tropical east Africa and subtropical southeast Africa, including the countries Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, South-Africa, Tanzania and Zimbabwe, is described as a living fossil which may have evolved as early as 42 million years ago. It belongs to the notoriously toxic family Araceae giving it, through association, a reputation for being toxic; despite little or no systematic evidence exists to support this claim. As an ancient plant it has sustained substantial climate changes and attacks from millions of generations of pathogenic microorganisms, which encouraged search for novel natural products from this source...
October 2015: Fitoterapia
Teresa Egea, Maria Adele Signorini, Piero Bruschi, Diego Rivera, Concepción Obón, Francisco Alcaraz, José Antonio Palazón
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE AND BACKGROUND: Fermented drinks, often alcoholic, are relevant in many nutritional, medicinal, social, ritual and religious aspects of numerous traditional societies. The use of alcoholic drinks of herbal extracts is documented in classical pharmacy since the 1st century CE and it is often recorded in ethnobotanical studies in Europe, particularly in Italy, where are used for a wide range of medicinal purposes. Formulations and uses represent a singular tradition which responds to a wide range of environmental and cultural factors...
December 4, 2015: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
Michel Ruquet, Bérengère Saliba-Serre, Delphine Tardivo, Bruno Foti
The objective of this study was to utilize a new odontological methodological approach based on radiographic for age estimation. The study was comprised of 397 participants aged between 9 and 87 years. A clinical examination and a radiographic assessment of alveolar bone loss were performed. Direct measures of alveolar bone level were recorded using CT scans. A medical examination report was attached to the investigation file. Because of the link between alveolar bone loss and age, a model was proposed to enable simple, reliable, and quick age estimation...
September 2015: Journal of Forensic Sciences
Tahira Bibi, Mushtaq Ahmad, Niaz Mohammad Tareen, Rukhsana Jabeen, Shazia Sultana, Muhammad Zafar, Sheikh Zain-ul-Abidin
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: The highlands of Northern Balochistan are the hot spots of medicinal and endemic plant in Pakistan. These plants are still commonly used for medicinal purposes by local people in their daily lives. This study first documented the information about the medicinal uses of endemic species of Balochistan-province Pakistan. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A survey was performed using open ended questionnaires, free listening and personal observations with 152 informants (54% female, 46% male)...
September 15, 2015: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
Piyush Mehta, Vividha Dhapte
Since ancient times, complementary and alternative medicine (CAM; bǔ chōng yǔ tì dài yī xué) have played an important role in human health and welfare. Many therapeutic approaches in healthcare outside the realm of conventional medicine persist in various parts of the world. There is considerable scientific and commercial potential in CAM, which needs to be explored precisely. Cupping therapy ( bá guàn liáo fǎ), one of the CAM, is practiced across the world. This therapy is believed to act by correcting imbalances in the internal bio field, such as by restoring the flow of "Qi (qì)"...
July 2015: Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine
Li Zhang, Yuan-Mei Qin, Lian-Xue Zheng, Min Zhang, Hui-Jun Guo, Li-Ran Xu, Qiang Li, Dan-Ni Wang, Xiu-Min Chen
Moxibustion is an ancient therapeutic technique used in Chinese medicine. Governor Vessel moxibustion (GVM) was developed from long snake moxibustion, a popular technique used in China's Jiangsu and Zhejiang Provinces, and is significantly more effective than general moxibustion. We aimed to review GVM, including its theoretical basis, choices of moxibustion points and materials, operation procedures, clinical applications, and contraindications. This information could increase the appropriate use of GVM and support further in-depth research...
July 4, 2015: Chinese Journal of Integrative Medicine
Michael K O'Reilly, Sven Reese, Therese Herlihy, Tony Geoghegan, Colin P Cantwell, Robin N M Feeney, James F X Jones
For centuries, cadaveric dissection has been the touchstone of anatomy education. It offers a medical student intimate access to his or her first patient. In contrast to idealized artisan anatomical models, it presents the natural variation of anatomy in fine detail. However, a new teaching construct has appeared recently in which artificial cadavers are manufactured through three-dimensional (3D) printing of patient specific radiological data sets. In this article, a simple powder based printer is made more versatile to manufacture hard bones, silicone muscles and perfusable blood vessels...
January 2016: Anatomical Sciences Education
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