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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332222/efficacy-of-crocus-sativus-saffron-in-treatment-of-major-depressive-disorder-associated-with-post-menopausal-hot-flashes-a-double-blind-randomized-placebo-controlled-trial
#1
Ladan Kashani, Sophia Esalatmanesh, Farzaneh Eftekhari, Samrand Salimi, Tahereh Foroughifar, Farnaz Etesam, Hamideh Safiaghdam, Ehsan Moazen-Zadeh, Shahin Akhondzadeh
PURPOSE: Due to concerns regarding the side effects of hormone therapy, many studies have focused on the development of non-hormonal agents for treatment of hot flashes. The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of saffron (stigma of Crocus sativus) in treatment of major depressive disorder associated with post-menopausal hot flashes. METHODS: Sixty women with post-menopausal hot flashes participated in this study. The patients randomly received either saffron (30 mg/day, 15 mg twice per day) or placebo for 6 weeks...
January 13, 2018: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332034/microhemodynamic-indices-to-evaluate-the-effectiveness-of-herbal-medicine-in-diabetes-a-comparison-between-alpha-mangostin-and-curcumin-in-the-retina-of-type-2-diabetic-rats
#2
Amporn Jariyapongskul, Chonticha Areebambud, Niimi Hideyuki
OBJECTIVE: This study was aimed to develop microhemodynamic indices to evaluate the effectiveness of herbal medicine in diabetic tissues. METHODS: Male Sprague-Dawley rats were divided into four groups: normal control rats (Control), type 2 diabetic rats without (DM2) and with supplementation of alpha mangostin (DM2-MG) or curcumin (DM2-CUR). Alpha-mangostin or curcumin (200 mg/kg BW) were fed followed by i.p. injection of streptozotocin (STZ). Mean arterial pressure (MAP) and retinal blood flow (RBF) were measured and retinal flow resistance (RFR) was calculated...
January 10, 2018: Clinical Hemorheology and Microcirculation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332022/comparative-antitussive-effects-of-medicinal-plants-and-their-constituents
#3
Saeideh Saadat, Farzaneh Shakeri, Mohammad Hossein Boskabady
Context • The cough is a protective reflex, with 2 types, one being more sensitive to mechanical stimulation and the other to chemical stimulation, such as sulfur dioxide, ammonia, citric acid, and capsaicin. Some evidence is available that suppressant therapy is most effective when used for the short-term reduction of coughing. Today, use of herbal drugs is increasing all over the world for various ailments, including to provide antitussive activity. Objective • The study intended to review the antitussive effects of various extracts, some fractions, and some constituents of the studied medicinal plants...
January 15, 2018: Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331903/rapid-structure-prediction-by-hplc-esi-msn-of-twenty-five-polyoxypregnane-tetraglycosides-from-dregea-sinensis-with-nmr-confirmation-of-eight-structures
#4
Juan Song, Rongji Dai, Yulin Deng, Fang Lv
Dregea sinensis Hemsl is an important herbal medicine in the Dai nationality of China. Its prominent clinical application has generated interest in the polyoxypregnane glycosides of the plant. This paper describes an extension of previous research on the polyoxypregnane di- and triglycosides of D. sinensis, aiming at identifying related tetraglycosides. On the basis of HPLC-ESI-MSn analysis in positive mode, twenty-five previously undescribed polyoxypregnane tetraglycosides were characterized (regarding molecular masses and fragmentation in MSn) from an ethyl acetate fraction that was not previously investigated...
January 11, 2018: Phytochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331654/in-vitro-and-in-vivo-metabolic-activation-of-rhein-and-characterization-of-glutathione-conjugates-derived-from-rhein
#5
Yang Xu, Xu Mao, Boyang Qin, Ying Peng, Jiang Zheng
Rhein (RH), 4,5-dihydroxyanthrauinone-2-carboxylic acid, is found in rhubarb (Dahuang), a traditional herbal medicine. RH has reportedly demonstrated multiple pharmacologic properties. Previous studies have also shown that RH induced hepatotoxicity, but the mechanisms of the adverse effect remain unknown. The major objective of the present study was to study the metabolic pathways of RH in order to identify potential reactive metabolites. One mono-hydroxylation metabolite (M1) was detected in urine and bile of rats given RH...
January 10, 2018: Chemico-biological Interactions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330687/evaluation-of-the-mitochondria-related-redox-and-bioenergetics-effects-of-gastrodin-in-sh-sy5y-cells-exposed-to-hydrogen-peroxide
#6
Marcos Roberto de Oliveira, Flávia Bittencourt Brasil, Cristina Ribas Fürstenau
Mitochondrion is the main site of ATP production in animal cells and also orchestrates signaling pathways associated with cell survival and death. Mitochondrial dysfunction has been linked to bioenergetics and redox impairment in human diseases, such as neurodegeneration and cardiovascular disease. Protective agents able to attenuate mitochondrial impairment are of pharmacological interest. Gastrodin (GAS; 4-hydroxybenzyl alcohol 4-O-beta-D-glucoside) is a phenolic glucoside obtained from the Chinese herbal medicine Gastrodia elata Blume and exhibits antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, and antiapoptotic effects in several cell types...
January 12, 2018: Journal of Molecular Neuroscience: MN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329891/medical-use-of-cannabis-and-cannabinoids-containing-products-regulations-in-europe-and-north-america
#7
REVIEW
Ran Abuhasira, Liat Shbiro, Yuval Landschaft
In 1937, the United States of America criminalized the use of cannabis and as a result its use decreased rapidly. In recent decades, there is a growing interest in the wide range of medical uses of cannabis and its constituents; however, the laws and regulations are substantially different between countries. Laws differentiate between raw herbal cannabis, cannabis extracts, and cannabinoid-based medicines. Both the European Medicines Agency (EMA) and the United States Food and Drug Administration (FDA) do not approve the use of herbal cannabis or its extracts...
January 10, 2018: European Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329646/effects-of-gardenia-jasminoides-extracts-on-cognition-and-innate-immune-response-in-an-adult-drosophila-model-of-alzheimer-s-disease
#8
Wei-Wei Ma, Ye Tao, Yan-Ying Wang, I-Feng Peng
Herbal extracts have been extensively used worldwide for their application on memory improvement, especially among aged and memory-deficit populations. In the present study, the memory loss induced by human Abeta protein over-expression in fruitfly Alzheimer's disease (AD) model was rescued by multiple extracts from Gardenia jasminoides. Three extracts that rich with gardenia yellow, geniposide, and gardenoside components showed distinct rescue effect on memory loss. Further investigation on adding gardenoside into a formula of Ganoderma lucidum, Panax notoginseng and Panax ginseng (GPP) also support its therapeutic effects on memory improvement...
December 2017: Chinese Journal of Natural Medicines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328426/relaxant-and-vasoprotective-effects-of-ginger-extracts-on-porcine-coronary-arteries
#9
Hsing-Chen Wu, Chi-Ting Horng, Shih-Chang Tsai, You-Li Lee, Shou-Cheng Hsu, Yi-Jen Tsai, Fuu-Jen Tsai, Jo-Hua Chiang, Daih-Huang Kuo, Jai-Sing Yang
Ginger (Zingiber officinale Roscoe) is a popular Chinese herbal medicine, which is considered to warm the stomach and dispel cold in traditional Chinese medicine. Ginger is widely used to treat stomach disorders, and it has been reported to exhibit antithrombotic activity via the inhibition of platelet aggregation and thromboxane B2 production in vitro. Cardiovascular disease is associated with the aberrant functioning of the heart and circulatory system; the relatively narrow vessels of the circulation are commonly affected and blocked by atherosclerosis, which may result in angina or heart attack...
January 11, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327123/text-mining-of-rheumatoid-arthritis-and-diabetes-mellitus-to-understand-the-mechanisms-of-chinese-medicine-in-different-diseases-with-same-treatment
#10
Ning Zhao, Guang Zheng, Jian Li, Hong-Yan Zhao, Cheng Lu, Miao Jiang, Chi Zhang, Hong-Tao Guo, Ai-Ping Lu
OBJECTIVE: To identify the commonalities between rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and diabetes mellitus (DM) to understand the mechanisms of Chinese medicine (CM) in different diseases with the same treatment. METHODS: A text mining approach was adopted to analyze the commonalities between RA and DM according to CM and biological elements. The major commonalities were subsequently verifified in RA and DM rat models, in which herbal formula for the treatment of both RA and DM identifified via text mining was used as the intervention...
January 9, 2018: Chinese Journal of Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327122/understanding-qi-running-in-the-meridians-as-interstitial-fluid-flowing-via-interstitial-space-of-low-hydraulic-resistance
#11
Wei-Bo Zhang, De-Xian Jia, Hong-Yan Li, Yu-Long Wei, Huang Yan, Peng-Na Zhao, Fei-Fei Gu, Guang-Jun Wang, Yan-Ping Wang
Qi, blood and the meridians are fundamental concepts in Chinese medicine (CM), which are components of the human body and maintain physiological function. Pathological changes of qi, blood and meridians may lead to discomfort and disease. Treatment with acupuncture or herbal medicine aims to regulate qi and blood so as to recover normal function of the meridians. This paper explores the nature of qi as well as compares and correlates them with the structures of the human body. We propose a conceptualization of qi as being similar to the interstitial flfl uid, and the meridians as being similar to interstitial space of low hydraulic resistance in the body...
January 9, 2018: Chinese Journal of Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327121/recognition-of-association-between-blood-stasis-syndrome-and-traumatic-injury-among-doctors-of-korean-medicine-a-cross-sectional-observation-study
#12
Jeeyoun Jung, Mi Mi Ko, Ju Ah Lee, Myeong Soo Lee
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the diagnostic indicators and herbal treatments for blood stasis syndrome (BSS) patients with traumatic injuries and to identify the association between BSS and traumatic injury in Korea. METHODS: Two-hundred and four patients with traumatic injury were recruited from the Gangnam and Daejeon branches of Jaseng Hospital of Oriental Medicine between June 2014 and December 2014. Two independent doctors of Korean medicine (DKMs) determined the diagnosis of BSS or non-BSS based on the subjects' signs and symptoms...
January 9, 2018: Chinese Journal of Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326134/evaluation-of-estrogenic-potential-by-herbal-formula-hpc-03-for-in-vitro-and-in-vivo
#13
Bo Yoon Chang, Dae Sung Kim, Hye Soo Kim, Sung Yeon Kim
HPC 03 is herbal formula that consists of extracts from Angelica gigas, Cnidium officinale Makino and Cinnamomum cassia Presl. The present study evaluated the estrogenic potential of HPC 03 by using in vitro and in vivo models. The regulatory mechanisms of HPC 03 in estrogen-dependent MCF-7 cells were assessed. HPC 03 induced the proliferation of estrogen receptor-positive MCF-7 cells, and the proliferation was blocked by the addition of the estrogen antagonist tamoxifen. The estrogen receptorα/β luciferase activities were significantly increased by HPC 03 treatment, which also increased the mRNA expression of the estrogen-responsive genes Psen2, Pgr and Ctsd Also, we evaluated the ameliorative effects of HPC 03 on menopausal symptoms in ovariectomized rats...
February 2018: Reproduction: the Official Journal of the Society for the Study of Fertility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325970/the-role-of-adjuvant-immunomodulatory-agents-for-treatment-of-severe-influenza
#14
REVIEW
David S Hui, Nelson Lee, Paul K Chan, John H Beigel
A severe inflammatory immune response with hypercytokinemia occurs in patients hospitalized with severe influenza, such as avian influenza A(H5N1), A(H7N9), and seasonal A(H1N1)pdm09 virus infections. The role of immunomodulatory therapy is unclear as there have been limited published data based on randomized controlled trials (RCTs). Passive immunotherapy such as convalescent plasma and hyperimmune globulin have some studies demonstrating benefit when administered as an adjunctive therapy for severe influenza...
January 8, 2018: Antiviral Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325915/in-vivo-nonspecific-immunomodulatory-and-antispasmodic-effects-of-common-purslane-portulaca-oleracea-linn-leaf-extracts-in-icr-mice
#15
Elena S Catap, Markyn Jared L Kho, Maria Rexie R Jimenez
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Portulaca oleracea (common purslane) is used in traditional medicine to cure various illnesses. However, its immune-protective properties and antispasmodic effects still need more pharmacological data if the plant will be utilized in herbal and drug formulations. Therefore, the present study determined the capacity of this plant species to modulate nonspecific immune responses and to confirm its antispasmodic activity in vivo in ICR mice. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Phagocytic activity of peritoneal macrophage, splenic lymphocyte proliferation and plasma lysozyme levels were measured in mice that were immunosuppressed using cyclophosphamide and treated with the ethyl acetate extract of Portulaca oleracea...
January 8, 2018: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324311/corilagin-a-promising-medicinal-herbal-agent
#16
REVIEW
Xuan Li, Yuan Deng, Zhizhong Zheng, Wen Huang, Lianghua Chen, Qingxuan Tong, Yanlin Ming
Corilagin, a gallotannin, is one of the major active components of many ethnopharmacological plants. It was isolated from Caesalpinia coriaria (Jacq.) Willd. (dividivi) by Schmidt in 1951 for the first time. In the past few decades, corilagin was reported to exhibit anti-tumor, anti-inflammatory and hepatoprotective activities, etc. However, little attention was paid to its pharmacological properties due to the complicated and inefficient extract method. In recent years, with the development of extraction technology corilagin was much easier to obtain than before...
January 8, 2018: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323207/discovery-of-hepatotoxic-equivalent-combinatorial-markers-from-dioscorea-bulbifera-tuber-by-fingerprint-toxicity-relationship-modeling
#17
Wei Shi, Cai Zhang, Dongsheng Zhao, Lingli Wang, Ping Li, Huijun Li
Due to extremely chemical complexity, identification of potential toxicity-related constituents from an herbal medicine (HM) still remains challenging. Traditional toxicity-guided separation procedure suffers from time- and labor-consumption and neglects the additive effect of multi-components. In this study, we proposed a screening strategy called "hepatotoxic equivalent combinatorial markers (HECMs)" for a hepatotoxic HM, Dioscorea bulbifera tuber (DBT). Firstly, the chemical constituents in DBT extract were globally characterized...
January 11, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322864/effects-of-danshen-tablets-on-pharmacokinetics-of-atorvastatin-calcium-in-rats-and-its-potential-mechanism
#18
Sen Sun, Rong Wang, Jie Fan, Guoqing Zhang, Hai Zhang
CONTEXT: Danshen tablets (DST), an effective traditional Chinese multi-herbal formula, are often combined with atorvastatin calcium (AC) for treating coronary heart disease in the clinic. OBJECTIVE: This study investigated the effects of DST on the pharmacokinetics of AC and the potential mechanism. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The pharmacokinetics of AC (1 mg/kg) with or without pretreatment of DST (100 mg/kg) were investigated using LC-MS/MS...
December 2018: Pharmaceutical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322011/safety-evaluation-of-bon-sant%C3%A3-cleanser%C3%A2-polyherbal-in-male-wistar-rats-further-investigations-on-androgenic-and-toxicological-profile
#19
O Awodele, O E Kale, A O Odewabi, M Ekor, B A Salau, A O Adefule-Ositelu
Background: The global increase in acceptance and use of herbal remedies in recent times is still accompanied with poor knowledge of their potential adverse effects and the toxicological implications of their use are underestimated. Methods: Bon-santé Cleanser® (BSC), a polyherbal containing Anogeissus leiocarpus, Terminalia ivorensis, Massularia acuminate and Macuna pruriens, is an "energizer and hormone booster". We assessed the effect of BSC on reproductive function after administration for 60 days in male Wistar rats...
January 2018: Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321998/effectiveness-of-two-different-herbal-toothpaste-formulations-in-the-reduction-of-plaque-and-gingival-inflammation-in-patients-with-established-gingivitis-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#20
Rajesh Hosadurga, Vinita Ashutosh Boloor, Sudharshan N Rao, N MeghRani
Background: Plant based toothpastes have received great attention in reducing gingival inflammation. Studies show contrasting results regarding the effectiveness of these toothpastes. In the present study, the effectiveness of two herbal tooth paste formulations in the reduction of plaque and gingival inflammation was assessed. Nicotine content in the toothpastes was assessed using GCMS. Material and methods: 50 patients with established gingivitis were included in the study...
January 2018: Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine
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