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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098863/effect-and-mechanism-of-resveratrol-on-drug-resistance-in-human-bladder-cancer-cells
#1
Shanshan Wang, Qian Meng, Qing Xie, Man Zhang
Multidrug resistance (MDR) is a significant barrier to the effective treatment of bladder cancer. In order to improve the management of bladder cancer, it is crucial to identify strategies that may reverse MDR. The effects of three herbal medicines, ginsenoside Rh2, (‑)‑epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG) and resveratrol (RES) on bladder cancer were determined. The effect of these three herbal medicines against the drug resistance in adriamycin (ADM)‑resistant pumc‑91 cells (pumc‑91/ADM) was assessed using the Cell Counting Kit‑8 cell proliferation assay system...
January 12, 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098838/role-of-udp-glucuronosyltransferase-1a1-in-the-metabolism-and-pharmacokinetics-of-silymarin-flavonolignans-in-patients-with-hcv-and-nafld
#2
Ying Xie, Sonia R Miranda, Janelle M Hoskins, Roy L Hawke
Silymarin is the most commonly used herbal medicine by patients with chronic liver disease. Silymarin flavonolignans undergo rapid first-pass metabolism primarily by glucuronidation. The aims of this investigation were: (1) to determine the association of UGT1A1*28 polymorphism with the area under the plasma concentration-time curves (AUCs) for silybin A (SA) and silybin B (SB); (2) to evaluate the effect of UGT1A1*28 polymorphism on the profile of flavonolignan glucuronide conjugates found in the plasma; and (3) to investigate the role of UGT1A1 enzyme kinetics on the pharmacokinetics of SA and SB...
January 15, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098420/deciphering-chemical-interactions-between-glycyrrhizae-radix-and-coptidis-rhizoma-by-liquid-chromatography-with-transformed-multiple-reaction-monitoring-mass-spectrometry
#3
Zhenhao Li, Ting Liu, Jie Liao, Ni Ai, Xiaohui Fan, Yiyu Cheng
In this study, we propose an integrated strategy for the efficient identification and quantification of herbal constituents using liquid chromatography with mass spectrometry. First, liquid chromatography with quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry was employed for the chemical profiling of herbs, where a targeted following non-targeted approach was developed to detect trace constituents by using structural correlations and extracted ion chromatograms. Next, ion pairs and parameters of MS(2) of quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry were selected to design multiple reaction monitoring transitions for the identified compounds on liquid chromatography with triple quadrupole mass spectrometry...
January 18, 2017: Journal of Separation Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096957/cinnamon-effects-on-metabolic-syndrome-a-review-based-on-its-mechanisms
#4
REVIEW
Hamid Mollazadeh, Hossein Hosseinzadeh
OBJECTIVES: Nowadays, cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) are the major risk factors of death globally. One of the most undeniable reasons of CVDs is metabolic syndrome (MetS). MetS is defined as a complex of diseases including insulin resistance, hyperglycemia, obesity, high blood pressure and dyslipidemia. The use of complementary medicine such as traditional herbal species can be effective in treatment of MetS's complications. Cinnamomum verum (family Lauraceae) is a medicinal global plant which has been used daily by people all over the world...
December 2016: Iranian Journal of Basic Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095073/preclinical-and-potential-applications-of-common-western-herbal-supplements-as-complementary-treatment-in-parkinson-s-disease
#5
Luke A Morgan, Oliver Grundmann
Parkinson's disease (PD) is a neurological disorder with a complex pathological etiology, which is not fully understood. Progression of PD may be the result of a buildup of iron in the substantia nigra, microglia-mediated neuroinflammation, dysfunctional mitochondria, or abnormal protein handling. Dopamine is the main neurotransmitter affected, but as the disease progresses, a decrease in all the brain's biogenic amines occurs. Current medication used in the treatment of PD aims to prevent the breakdown of dopamine or increase dopaminergic neurotransmission in the central nervous system...
January 17, 2017: Journal of Dietary Supplements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092098/evaluation-the-ethnopharmacological-studies-in-iran-during-2004-2016-a-systematic-review
#6
REVIEW
Zahra Sadeghi, Maryam Akaberi, Seyed Ahmad Emami, Alireza Sobhkhizi, Amirhossein Sahebkar
Although Iran has a deep history in herbal medicine and great heritage of ancient medical scholars, few efforts have been made to evaluate ethnopharmacological aspects of medicinal plants in this country. In the present study, the authors have reviewed all important literature about the ethnopharmacological investigations on medicinal plants used in the last decade in Iran. All provinces of Iran were categorized according to a phytogeographical division. Information was collected through bibliographic investigations from scientific journals and books...
January 16, 2017: Journal of Cellular Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28091973/mechanisms-on-spasmolytic-and-anti-inflammatory-effects-of-a%C3%A2-herbal-medicinal-product-consisting-of-myrrh-chamomile-flower-and-coffee-charcoal
#7
Cica Vissiennon, Karl-Heinz Goos, Jürgen Arnhold, Karen Nieber
Inflammatory bowel disease or irritable bowel syndrome are chronic gastrointestinal disorders which are associated with a lifelong therapeutic need. The disease results in physical, psychological, and social problems with an impact on partnership, sexuality, education, and career. Thus, the number of patients and health care professionals relying on traditional and complementary medicines and especially phytotherapy for the treatment of these chronic conditions is increasing over recent years. One traditional herbal medicinal product consisting of chamomile flower, myrrh, and coffee charcoal has been widely used in clinical practice within this indication area...
January 13, 2017: Wiener Medizinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28091547/corydalis-edulis-maxim-promotes-insulin-secretion-via-the-activation-of-protein-kinase-cs-pkcs-in-mice-and-pancreatic-%C3%AE-cells
#8
Jiao Zheng, Yunfang Zhao, Qixing Lun, Yuelin Song, Shepo Shi, Xiaopan Gu, Bo Pan, Changhai Qu, Jun Li, Pengfei Tu
Corydalis edulis Maxim., a widely grown plant in China, had been proposed for the treatment for type 2 diabetes mellitus. In this study, we found that C. edulis extract (CE) is protective against diabetes in mice. The treatment of hyperglycemic and hyperlipidemic apolipoprotein E (ApoE)-/- mice with a high dose of CE reduced serum glucose by 28.84% and serum total cholesterol by 17.34% and increased insulin release. We also found that CE significantly enhanced insulin secretion in a glucose-independent manner in hamster pancreatic β cell (HIT-T15)...
January 16, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28091409/effect-of-shensong-yangxin-on-the-progression-of-paroxysmal-atrial-fibrillation-is-correlated-with-regulation-of-autonomic-nerve-activity
#9
Hong-Yi Zhao, Shu-Di Zhang, Kai Zhang, Xi Wang, Qing-Yan Zhao, Shu-Juan Zhang, Zi-Xuan Dai, Yong-Sheng Qian, You-Jing Zhang, Hao-Tian Wei, Yan-Hong Tang, Cong-Xin Huang
BACKGROUND: Shensong Yangxin (SSYX), a traditional Chinese herbal medicine, has long been used clinically to treat arrhythmias in China. However, the mechanism of SSYX on atrial fibrillation (AF) is unknown. In this study, we tested the hypothesis that the effect of SSYX on the progression of paroxysmal AF is correlated with the regulation of autonomic nerve activity. METHODS: Eighteen mongrel dogs were randomly divided into control group (n = 6), pacing group (n = 6), and pacing + SSYX group (n = 6)...
2017: Chinese Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28091407/clinical-characteristics-of-patients-with-drug-induced-liver-injury
#10
Li-Xia Yang, Cheng-Yuan Liu, Lun-Li Zhang, Ling-Ling Lai, Ming Fang, Chong Zhang
BACKGROUND: Drug is an important cause of liver injury and accounts for up to 40% of instances of fulminant hepatic failure. Drug-induced liver injury (DILI) is increasing while the diagnosis becomes more difficult. Though many drugs may cause DILI, Chinese herbal medicines have recently emerged as a major cause due to their extensive use in China. We aimed to provide drug safety information to patients and health carers by analyzing the clinical and pathological characteristics of the DILI and the associated drug types...
2017: Chinese Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28091361/responses-of-plasma-glucose-metabolism-to-exogenous-insulin-infusion-in-sheep-fed-forage-herb-plantain-and-exposed-to-heat
#11
M Al-Mamun, K Shibuya, M Kajita, Y Tamura, H Sano
The use of herbal plants as traditional medicines has a century long history. Plantain (Plantago lanceolata L.) is a perennial herb containing bioactive components with free radical scavenging activities. An isotope dilution technique using [U-13C]glucose was conducted to determine the effect of plantain on the responses of plasma glucose metabolism to exogenous insulin infusion in sheep. Six crossbred sheep (three wethers and three ewes; mean initial BW=40±2 kg) were fed either a mixed hay of orchardgrass (Dactylis glomerata) and reed canarygrass (Phalaris arundinacea) (MH-diet) or mixed hay and fresh plantain (1 : 1 ratio, dry matter basis, PL-diet) and exposed to a thermoneutral (TN, 20°C; 70% relative humidity (RH)) environment or a heat exposure (HE, 30°C; 70% RH) for 5 days using a crossover design for two 23-day periods...
January 16, 2017: Animal: An International Journal of Animal Bioscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088871/herbal-medicine-practices-of-patients-with-liver-cancer-in-peru
#12
Teresa Rojas Rojas, Geneviève Bourdy, Eloy Ruiz, Juan-Pablo Cerapio, Pascal Pineau, Jacques Gardon, Franco Doimi, Xavier Deparis, Eric Deharo, Stéphane Bertani
RATIONALE: The highest burden of liver cancer occurs in developing countries, where the use of herbal medicine (HM) is still widespread. Despite this trend, few studies have been conducted to report HM practices of patients with a hepatic tumor in the developing world. Hence, this study aimed to document the use of HM among patients with liver cancer in Peru. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: A comparative behavioral epidemiological survey was conducted among liver cancer patients attending the National Cancer Institute of Peru...
December 1, 2016: Integrative Cancer Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088492/pikuni-blackfeet-traditional-medicine-neuroprotective-activities-of-medicinal-plants-used-to-treat-parkinson-s-disease-related-symptoms
#13
Aurélie de Rus Jacquet, Mitali Arun Tambe, Sin Ying Ma, George P McCabe, Jay Hansford C Vest, Jean-Christophe Rochet
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Parkinson's disease (PD) is a multifactorial neurodegenerative disorder affecting 5% of the population over the age of 85 years. Current treatments primarily involve dopamine replacement therapy, which leads to temporary relief of motor symptoms but fails to slow the underlying neurodegeneration. Thus, there is a need for safe PD therapies with neuroprotective activity. In this study, we analyzed contemporary herbal medicinal practices used by members of the Pikuni-Blackfeet tribe from Western Montana to treat PD-related symptoms, in an effort to identify medicinal plants that are affordable to traditional communities and accessible to larger populations...
January 11, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088452/treatment-of-rheumatoid-arthritis-with-combination-of-methotrexate-and-tripterygium-wilfordii-a-meta-analysis
#14
Xiaoyu Wang, Yunyun Zu, Lin Huang, Jie Yu, Huawei Zhao, Chengping Wen, Zhong Chen, Zhenghao Xu
AIMS: Extracts of Tripterygium wilfordii Hook F (TwHF), a traditional Chinese herbal medicine, have been widely used for treating rheumatoid arthritis (RA) in combination with methotrexate (MTX) in China for several decades. However, the efficacy and safety of MTX plus TwHF treatment remain unclear. MAIN METHODS: A comprehensive search of databases in both Chinese and English was performed. Data from the selected studies were extracted and analyzed independently by two authors...
January 11, 2017: Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087425/variations-of-metabolites-and-proteome-in-lonicera-japonica-thunb-buds-and-flowers-under-uv-radiation
#15
Wei Zhu, Wen Zheng, Xingjiang Hu, Xiaobao Xu, Lin Zhang, Jingkui Tian
Lonicera japonica Thunb., also known as Jin Yin Hua and Japanese honeysuckle, is used as a herbal medicine in Asian countries. Its flowers have been used in folk medicine in the clinic and in making food or healthy beverages for over 1500years in China. To investigate the molecular processes involved in L. japonica development from buds to flowers exposed to UV radiation, a comparative proteomics analysis was performed. Fifty-four proteins were identified as differentially expressed, including 42 that had increased expression and 12 that had decreased expression...
January 10, 2017: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086924/treating-infants-with-frigg-linking-disease-aetiologies-medicinal-plant-use-and-care-seeking-behaviour-in-southern-morocco
#16
Irene Teixidor-Toneu, Gary J Martin, Rajindra K Puri, Ahmed Ouhammou, Julie A Hawkins
BACKGROUND: Although most Moroccans rely to some extent on traditional medicine, the practice of frigg to treat paediatric ailments by elderly women traditional healers known as ferraggat, has not yet been documented. We describe the role of these specialist healers, document the medicinal plants they use, and evaluate how and why their practice is changing. METHODS: Ethnomedicinal and ethnobotanical data were collected using semi-structured interviews and observations of medical encounters...
January 13, 2017: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28081499/screening-active-compounds-from-corydalis-yanhusuo-by-combining-high-expression-vegf-receptor-hek293-cell-membrane-chromatography-with-hplc-esi-it-tof-msn-method
#17
Fen Wei, Qi Hu, Jing Huang, Shengli Han, Sicen Wang
Corydalis Thizoma,or Yuanhu in China, is a common herbal drug used for thousands of years as analgesic in Chinese medicine that has been reported to have potential anti-angiogenic effects. In this study, a VEGFR/cell membrane chromatography (VEGFR/CMC) coupled with HPLC- ESI-IT-TOF-MSn system was developed and successfully applied for identifying active components from YuanHu extract acting on VEGFR. We identified tetrahydropalmatine and corydaline as bioactive components with VEGFR activity, thus confirming their inhibitory activity on VEGFR engineered HEK293 cell growth by MTT assay...
January 4, 2017: Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078812/gentiana-scabra-bunge-formula-for-herpes-zoster-biological-actions-of-key-herbs-and-systematic-review-of-efficacy-and-safety
#18
REVIEW
Kaiyi Wang, Meaghan E Coyle, Suzi Mansu, Anthony Lin Zhang, Charlie Changli Xue
This study reviewed the biological action of key herbs and evaluated systematically the efficacy and safety of oral Gentiana formula for herpes zoster (HZ). Experimental studies relevant to HZ were identified in PubMed. Randomized controlled trials using Gentiana formula for HZ were identified from nine English and Chinese databases. The primary outcome was evaluation of pain. Potential risk of bias was assessed. Meta-analysis was conducted using mean difference or risk ratio with 95% confidence intervals. Key herbs Gentiana scabra Bunge, Gentiana triflora Pall, Scutellaria baicalensis Georgi, and Gardenia jasminoides Ellis have shown antiinflammatory actions through inhibition of inflammatory cytokines and pro-inflammatory enzymes...
January 12, 2017: Phytotherapy Research: PTR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078497/anti-inflammatory-effect-of-naravelia-zeylanica-dc-via-suppression-of-inflammatory-mediators-in-carrageenan-induced-abdominal-oedema-in-zebrafish-model
#19
Sanmuga Priya Ekambaram, Senthamil Selvan Perumal, Selvaranjani Pavadai
The traditional herbal medicines are receiving great importance in the health care sector, especially in Indian system of medicine, i.e, Ayurveda. The present study focused on the standardization of Naravelia zeylanica (L.) DC in terms of its active phytochemicals and to evaluate the anti-inflammatory activity of ethanol extract of N. zeylanica (ENZ). An analytical method was developed by high-performance liquid chromatography for simultaneous determination of β-sitosterol, lupeol and oleanolic acid in ENZ...
January 11, 2017: Inflammopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078249/effects-of-urtica-dioica-supplementation-on-blood-lipids-hepatic-enzymes-and-nitric-oxide-levels-in-type-2-diabetic-patients-a-double-blind-randomized-clinical-trial
#20
Alidad Amiri Behzadi, Hamid Kalalian-Moghaddam, Amir Hossein Ahmadi
OBJECTIVE: Oxidative stress plays an important role in the development of diabetic complications including metabolic abnormality-induced diabetic micro-vascular and macro-vascular complications. Urtica dioica L. (U. dioica) has been traditionally used in Iranian medicine as an herbal remedy for hypoglycemic or due to its anti-inflammatory properties. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effects of hydro-alcoholic extract of U. dioica on blood lipids, hepatic enzymes and nitric oxide levels in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus...
November 2016: Avicenna Journal of Phytomedicine
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