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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243421/-history-evolution-of-salt-production-and-processing-with-brine
#1
REVIEW
Lei Wang, Cai-Yun Yan, Zhi-Yong Le, Jing-Jing Dong, Zong-Li Bai
Salt is an important excipient for Chinese medicine salt. The standardization of its quality is conducive to ensuring the quality of Chinese medicine pieces. In this paper, the processing with brine and the processing auxiliary salt were studied from three aspects: the history evolution of salt, the history evolution of processing with brine, and the modern research of processing with brine. It has been found that salt plays an important role in the history of China. It has a long history and a wide variety...
October 2017: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233776/bovine-mastitis-an-appraisal-of-its-alternative-herbal-cure
#2
REVIEW
Saleem Mushtaq, Aabid Manzoor Shah, Aiyatullah Shah, Sajad Ahmad Lone, Aehtesham Hussain, Qazi Parvaiz Hassan, Md Niamat Ali
Bovine mastitis is globally recognised as the most common and costly disease affecting dairy herds. The disease causes huge financial losses to dairy industries by reduced yield and milk quality, deaths and culling of affected cows and also by associated treatment costs. The disease occurs due to invasion of the mammary glands by pathogenic bacteria followed by their multiplication in the milk producing tissues. The most common treatment method available against bovine mastitis is the intra-mammary infusion of antibiotics...
December 9, 2017: Microbial Pathogenesis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232573/radioprotective-effects-of-silymarin-on-the-sperm-parameters-of-nmri-mice-irradiated-with-%C3%AE-rays
#3
Daryoush Fatehi, Mohsen Mohammadi, Babak Shekarchi, Arash Shabani, Mohammad Seify, Ayoob Rostamzadeh
Free radicals and reactive oxygen species (ROS) are generated using various endogenous systems or from external sources such as exposure to different physiochemicals. Ionizing radiation damage to the cell can be caused by the direct or indirect effects of radiotherapy processes. Silymarin (SM), a flavanolignan compound, has been identified as a natural potent antioxidant with cytoprotection activities due to scavenging free radicals. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the radioprotective effect of SM on sperm parameters of mice induced by γ-rays...
December 6, 2017: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology. B, Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228790/an-evidence-based-study-on-medicinal-plants-for-hemorrhoids-in-medieval-persia
#4
Mohammad Hashem Hashempur, Fatemeh Khademi, Maryam Rahmanifard, Mohammad M Zarshenas
Hemorrhoids is one of the most common gastrointestinal diseases. There are several therapeutic options associated with some complications. Therefore, researchers look for traditional medicines as a potential resource for introduction of new natural drugs. The current study reports an evidence-based review of herbal remedies for hemorrhoids in traditional Persian medicine. A comprehensive survey about hemorrhoids on the most important manuscripts of traditional Persian medicine was done. Then, scientific data banks were searched for possible related properties of each herb in the conventional medicine...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Evidence-based Complementary & Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224633/over-the-counter-medicines-and-diabetes-care
#5
Jeff Taylor
OBJECTIVES: People with diabetes turn to over-the-counter (OTC) medicines for many ailments. The focus of this brief review is the impact common OTC medicines might have on this group of patients. METHODS: Three types of OTC medicines were selected as most deserving of attention: 3 herbal agents, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) and cough/cold products. Existing literature was used to determine precautions that might be in order. RESULTS: Herbal/natural agents with the potential to impact blood sugar have been identified in various reports...
December 2017: Canadian Journal of Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218954/-study-on-formation-and-changes-of-dao-di-herbs-production-origin-of-gastrodia-elata
#6
Da-Hui Liu, Wen-Ling Gong, Zhi-Lai Zhan, Hua-Sheng Peng, Xiao Wang, Ke-Li Chen, Bi-Sheng Huang, Lan-Ping Guo
Gastrodia elata has been used in China for more than 2 000 years and it is a kind of valuable traditional Chinese medicine. The originrecords of G. elata were Mount Tai of Shandong and and Mount Song of Henan, which began in Wupu Bencao of Wei Jin Dynasties, and Tai'an and its surrounding areas had been the Do-di herbs production areas. But from the beginning of the Republic of China, G. elata origin has undergone major changes, Do-di herbs production areas moved westward to the southwest.In this paper,through literature research and field visits, we studied the formation and changes of Do-di herbs production areas of G...
September 2017: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217495/efficacy-of-violet-oil-a-traditional-iranian-formula-in-patients-with-chronic-insomnia-a-randomized-double-blind-placebo-controlled-study
#7
Zohre Feyzabadi, Fariborz Rezaeitalab, Shapour Badiee, Ali Taghipour, Fatemeh Moharari, Atefeh Soltanifar, Mohammad Reza Ahmadpour
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Violet oil is an ancient herbal drug which has been extensively used to treat insomnia in traditional Iranian Medicine clinics. Violet oil is an almond or sesame oil-based extract of Viola odorata, which is administered as nasal drops. This study aimed to evaluate the efficacy of Violet oil in the treatment of insomnia. METHODS AND MATERIALS: This study was conducted as a 3-arm double-blind randomized trial. A total of 75 patients with chronic insomnia were enrolled and randomly assigned to three groups in Traditional Iranian Medicine Clinic of Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran...
December 4, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217158/evidence-based-traditional-anti-diarrheal-medicinal-plants-and-their-phytocompounds
#8
REVIEW
Pooja Rawat, Pawan Kumar Singh, Vipin Kumar
Traditional medicines are an integral component of alternative health care systems used by millions of the people worldwide. Traditionally used herbals are multi-constituent medications, safety and efficacy of which is based on experiences of the practitioners, whereas modern drugs are single molecules, rigorously tested, structurally optimized and toxicologically cleared. Plants are being recognized as potential source of drug discovery and more than 80% of modern drugs are derived directly from natural sources (plants, microbes, cells etc...
December 4, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215592/natural-korean-medicine-dang-gui-biosynthesis-effective-extraction-and-formulations-of-major-active-pyranocoumarins-their-molecular-action-mechanism-in-cancer-and-other-biological-activities
#9
REVIEW
Chinreddy Subramanyam Reddy, Seong Cheol Kim, Mok Hur, Yeon Bok Kim, Chun Geon Park, Woo Moon Lee, Jae Ki Jang, Sung Cheol Koo
Angelica gigas Nakai (AGN) is a crucial oriental medicinal herb that grows especially in Korea and the Far-East countries. It contains chemically active compounds like pyranocoumarins, polyacetylenes and essential oils, which might be useful for treatment of several chronic diseases. It has been used for centuries as a traditional medicine in Southeast Asia, but in Western countries is used as a functional food and a major ingredient of several herbal products. The genus Angelica is also known as 'female ginseng' due to its critical therapeutic role in female afflictions, such as gynecological problems...
December 7, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214642/allergic-contact-dermatitis-caused-by-topical-herbal-remedies-importance-of-patch-testing-with-the-patients-own-products
#10
Liesbeth Gilissen, Sara Huygens, An Goossens
BACKGROUND: Natural ingredients have variable compositions, so their allergenic potencies may differ. OBJECTIVES: To retrospectively analyse subjects reacting to herbal remedies over the past 27 years, with the aim of (i) evaluating demographic characteristics and lesion locations, (ii) describing the frequencies of positive patch test reactions, (iii) identifing sensitization sources, and (iv) studying concomitant sensitivity. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In total, 15980 patients were patch tested between 1990 and 2016 with the European baseline series and/or other series, product(s) used, and, whenever possible, the respective ingredients...
December 7, 2017: Contact Dermatitis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210995/support-for-natural-small-molecule-phenols-as-anxiolytics
#11
Xiaohong Wang, Yahong Chen, Qiang Wang, Lu Sun, Guiyun Li, Chanxi Zhang, Jianmei Huang, Lei Chen, Haifeng Zhai
Natural small-molecule phenols (NSMPs) share some bioactivities. The anxiolytic activity of NSMPs is attracting attention in the scientific community. This paper provides data supporting the hypothesis that NSMPs are generally anxiolytic. The anxiolytic activities of seven simple phenols, including phloroglucinol, eugenol, protocatechuic aldehyde, vanillin, thymol, ferulic acid, and caffeic acid, were assayed with the elevated plus maze (EPM) test in mice. The oral doses were 5, 10 and 20 mg/kg, except for phloroglucinol for which the doses were 2...
December 6, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29186881/a-novel-strategy-for-quantitative-analysis-of-major-ginsenosides-in-panacis-japonici-rhizoma-with-a-standardized-reference-fraction
#12
Fan-Cheng Meng, Qiu-Shuang Wu, Ruibing Wang, Shao-Ping Li, Li-Gen Lin, Ping Chen, Qing-Wen Zhang
Panacis Japonici Rhizoma (Zhu-Jie-Shen in Chinese), the root of P. japonicus C.A. Mey., is commonly used in traditional Chinese Medicine. Saponins are the major bioactive compounds in this herb. The similarity of polarity and structure of the natural products in herb caused the difficulty of purification and resulted in the shortage and high cost of the reference compounds, which has greatly hindered efforts toward quantification in quality control. A novel strategy using a standardized reference fraction for qualification of the major saponins in Panacis Japonici Rhizoma was proposed to easily and effectively control the quality of PJR...
November 27, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29181006/protective-effect-of-panax-notoginseng-root-water-extract-against-influenza-a-virus-infection-by-enhancing-antiviral-interferon-mediated-immune-responses-and-natural-killer-cell-activity
#13
Jang-Gi Choi, Young-Hee Jin, Heeeun Lee, Tae Woo Oh, Nam-Hui Yim, Won-Kyung Cho, Jin Yeul Ma
Influenza is an acute respiratory illness caused by the influenza A virus, which causes economic losses and social disruption mainly by increasing hospitalization and mortality rates among the elderly and people with chronic diseases. Influenza vaccines are the most effective means of preventing seasonal influenza, but can be completely ineffective if there is an antigenic mismatch between the seasonal vaccine virus and the virus circulating in the community. In addition, influenza viruses resistant to antiviral drugs are emerging worldwide...
2017: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29173465/the-chemical-speciation-spatial-distribution-and-toxicity-of-mercury-from-tibetan-medicine-zuotai%C3%AF-%C3%AE-hgs-and-hgcl2-in-mouse-kidney
#14
Cen Li, Wei Xu, Shengqi Chu, Zhiyuan Zheng, Yuancan Xiao, Linshuai Li, Hongtai Bi, Lixin Wei
Zuotai, a famous Tibetan medicinal mixture containing β-HgS, has been used to combine with herbal remedies for treating diseases for more than 1 300 years. The target organ for inorganic mercury toxicity is generally considered to be the kidney. Therefore, it is crucial to reveal the chemical speciation, spatial distribution and potential nephrotoxicity of mercury from Zuotai in kidney. To date, this remains poorly understood. We used X-ray absorption spectroscopy (XAS) and micro X-ray fluorescence (μ-XRF) imaging based on synchrotron radiation to study mercury chemical forms and mercury special distribution in kidney after mice were treated orally with Zuotai, β-HgS or HgCl2...
January 2018: Journal of Trace Elements in Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29171222/-molecular-regulative-mechanisms-of-aging-and-interventional-effects-of-chinese-herbal-medicine
#15
REVIEW
Bu-Hui Liu, Yi-Huang Gu, Yue Tu, Wei-Ming He, Wei Wu, Ying-Lu Liu, Zi-Yue Wan, Yi-Gang Wan
Aging is a gradual process during the loss of functions in cells,organs and tissues by time. The molecular mechanisms of aging-related theories include the classical ones such as telomere,oxygen radical and nonenzymatic glycosylation,as well as the newly proposed ones such as DNA methylation,mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA)and autophagy. The latest study showed the anti-aging effect of autophagy in hematopoietic stem cells. In recent years,based on the molecular regulative mechanisms of aging,a number of the promising anti-aging drugs have been found,including nicotinamide mononucleotide(NMN)and FOXO4-DRI,a peptide of anti-aging...
August 2017: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156697/exploring-brusatol-as-a-new-anti-pancreatic-cancer-adjuvant-biological-evaluation-and-mechanistic-studies
#16
Zheng Lu, Zheng-Quan Lai, Albert W N Leung, Po Sing Leung, Zhao-Shen Li, Zhi-Xiu Lin
Pancreatic cancer is highly resistant to chemotherapeutic agents and is known to have a poor prognosis. The development of new therapeutic entities is badly needed for this deadly malignancy. In this study, we demonstrated for the first time that brusatol, a natural quassinoid isolated from a Chinese herbal medicine named Bruceae Fructus, possessed potent cytotoxic effect against different pancreatic adenocarcinoma cell lines. Its anti-pancreatic cancer effect was comparable to that of the first-line chemotherapeutic agents such as gemcitabine and 5-fluorouracil, with a more favorable safety profile...
October 17, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155174/ethnopharmacology-phytochemistry-and-pharmacology-of-cornus-officinalis-sieb-et-zucc
#17
REVIEW
Jun Huang, Yiwei Zhang, Lin Dong, Qinghan Gao, Lei Yin, Hongfeng Quan, Rong Chen, Xueyan Fu, Dingbo Lin
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Cornus officinalis (Cornaceae), known in Chinese as "Shanzhuyu," is a frequently used traditional Chinese medicine. It tastes sour and is astringent and slightly warm in nature. Its fruits have long been used to treat kidney deficiency, high blood pressure, waist and knee pain, dizziness, tinnitus, impotence, spermatorrhea, menorrhagia, and other diseases in China. The main distribution areas are Shanxi and Gansu. AIM OF THE STUDY: This review focused on the ethnopharmacological uses of the herb...
November 17, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154059/traditional-herbal-medicine-use-among-people-living-with-hiv-aids-in-gondar-ethiopia-do-their-health-care-providers-know
#18
Kaleab Taye Haile, Asnakew Achaw Ayele, Abebe Basazn Mekuria, Chilot Abiyu Demeke, Begashaw Melaku Gebresillassie, Daniel Asfaw Erku
BACKGROUND: People living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA) are increasingly using herbal remedies due to the chronic nature of the disease, the complexities of treatment modalities and the difficulty in adhering to the therapeutic regimens. Yet, research on herbal medicine use in this patient population is scarce in Ethiopia. The present study aimed at investigating the prevalence and factors associated with the use of traditional herbal medicine among PLWHA in Gondar, Ethiopia. METHODS: A cross sectional survey was conducted on 360 PLWHA attending the outpatient clinic of University of Gondar referral and teaching hospital from September 1 to 30, 2016...
December 2017: Complementary Therapies in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152857/rapid-analysis-of-traditional-chinese-medicine-pinellia-ternata-by-microchip-electrophoresis-with-electrochemical-detection
#19
Tsung-Ting Shih, Hui-Ling Lee, Show-Chuen Chen, Chih-Yuan Kang, Ren-Shang Shen, Yi-An Su
Traditional Chinese herbal medicine has long enjoyed the reputation of the world's most advanced system of natural medicine. Pinellia ternata is one of the most commonly used herbs in the traditional Chinese medical science. In this study five representative ingredients of Pinellia ternata guanosine, methionine, glycine, 3,4-dihydroxybenzaldehyde, and homogentisic acid, were assayed using simple derivatization procedures. Under optimized experimental condition, five analytes in Pinellia ternata were rapidly separated and detected using microchip electrophoresis, affording the benefits of speed, minimal sample requirements, and sensitive on-the-chip electrochemical detection, in 5 min with linearity over a concentration of 20-500 μM (R(2 ) = 0...
November 20, 2017: Journal of Separation Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145848/pharmacological-potential-of-bidens-pilosa-l-and-determination-of-bioactive-compounds-using-uhplc-qqqlit-ms-ms-and-gc-ms
#20
Garima Singh, Ajit Kumar Passsari, Pratibha Singh, Vincent Vineeth Leo, Sarathbabu Subbarayan, Brijesh Kumar, Bhim Pratap Singh, Hauzel Lalhlenmawia, Nachimuthu Senthil Kumar
BACKGROUND: Research of natural products from traditionally used medicinal plants to fight against the human ailments is fetching attention of researchers worldwide. Bidens pilosa Linn. var. Radiata (Asteraceae) is well known for its folkloric medicinal use against various diseases from many decades. Mizoram, North East India, has high plant diversity and the use of this plant as herbal medicine is deep rooted in the local tribes. The present study was executed to understand the pharmacological potential of B...
November 16, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
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