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Natural herbal medicine*

Bao-Zhong Duan, Ya-Ping Wang, Hai-Lan Fang, Chao Xiong, Xi-Wen Li, Ping Wang, Shi-Lin Chen
Background: Rhizoma Paridis (Chonglou) is a commonly used and precious traditional Chinese medicine. Paris polyphylla Smith var. yunnanensis (Franch.) Hand. -Mazz. and Paris polyphylla Smith var . chinensis (Franch.) Hara are the two main sources of Chonglou under the monograph of Rhizoma Paridis in Chinese Pharmacopoeia. In the local marketplace, however, this medicine is prone to be accidentally contaminated, deliberately substituted or admixed with other species that are similar to Rhizoma Paridis in shape and color...
2018: Chinese Medicine
Zahra Derakhshan, Margherita Ferrante, Marzieh Tadi, Farnoosh Ansari, Ali Heydari, Motahreh Sadat Hosseini, Gea Oliveri Conti, Elham Khalili Sadarabad
Pomegranate (Punica granatum L.) is extensively cultivated in Middle East especially in Iran. For centuries, this fruit has been used in Iranian herbal medicine. Pomegranate peel, seed and juice contain considerable amounts of phenolic compounds and have antioxidant activity. Pomegranate peels, juice and seeds from three regions of Natanz, Shahreza, and Doorak were obtained. Antioxidant activity, total phenolic, flavonoids, and flavonols contents of pomegranate peels, seeds and juices extracts were analyzed...
February 12, 2018: Food and Chemical Toxicology
Clarice Noleto-Dias, Jane L Ward, Alice Bellisai, Charlotte Lomax, Michael H Beale
Willow (Salix sp.) is a historically well-known herbal medicine that provided the lead compound (salicin) for the discovery of aspirin, one of the most successful plant derived drugs in human medicine. During a metabolomics screen of 86 Salix species contained in the UK National Willow Collection, we have discovered, isolated and fully characterised a new natural salicinoid - salicin-7-sulfate. This molecule may have important human pharmacological actions that need to be considered in determining the efficacy and safety of willow herbal medicines...
February 12, 2018: Fitoterapia
Stephanie H Kung, Sean Lund, Abhishek Murarka, Derek McPhee, Chris J Paddon
The antimalarial drug artemisinin is a natural product produced by the plant Artemisia annua . Extracts of A. annua have been used in Chinese herbal medicine for over two millennia. Following the re-discovery of A. annua extract as an effective antimalarial, and the isolation and structural elucidation of artemisinin as the active agent, it was recommended as the first-line treatment for uncomplicated malaria in combination with another effective antimalarial drug (Artemisinin Combination Therapy) by the World Health Organization (WHO) in 2002...
2018: Frontiers in Plant Science
Sang Mi Park, Tae Hoon Lee, Rongjie Zhao, Youn Sook Kim, Ji Yun Jung, Chung A Park, Kyung Hwan Jegal, Sae Kwang Ku, Jae Kwang Kim, Chul Won Lee, Young Woo Kim, Il Je Cho, Won G An, Sang Chan Kim
Socheongryong-Tang (SCRT) is a natural medicine prescription that has been mainly used in East Asia for the treatment of inflammatory disorders, including asthma and allergic rhinitis. The present study evaluated the anti-inflammatory effects of SCRT on lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-stimulated RAW 264.7 cells and in a rat model of carrageenan (CA)-induced paw edema. Levels of tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), interleukin (IL)-1β, IL-6 and prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) in the culture supernatant were quantified and nitric oxide (NO) production was monitored...
February 6, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Medicine
Masashi Kitamura, Hirokazu Ando, Yohei Sasaki
Coptis japonica is widely distributed in Japan, and its dried rhizome is a source of the domestic herbal medicine Coptidis Rhizoma ( Oren). There are three varieties of C. japonica, two of which, namely, C. japonica var. anemonifolia and C. japonica var. major, are important as sources of traditional medicines. Coptis japonica var. anemonifolia and C. japonica var. major are distinguishable on the basis of their ternate or biternate compound leaves, respectively. In the Hokuriku area, where both C. japonica var...
February 12, 2018: Journal of Natural Medicines
Gregorio Peron, Davide Santarossa, Dario Voinovich, Stefano Dall'Acqua, Stefania Sut
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Green coffee bean extract is used as herbal medicine or supplement for weight reduction and obesity. The active constituents are considered caffeine and chlorogenic acid (CGA) derivatives. The mode of action of CGA is still unclear and can be related to peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor α (PPAR-α) and liver X receptor Rα (LXR-α). Metabolomics may be an innovative tool for the description and discovery of the multiple target nature of such phytocomplex...
January 1, 2018: Phytomedicine: International Journal of Phytotherapy and Phytopharmacology
Nandkishor S Talware, Remeth J Dias, V Rama Mohan Gupta
The imbalance of hydrophilicity, and lipophilicity along with, a large molecular size (due to a unique chemical structure) of natural compounds, or plant actives pose a significant challenge for their absorption through a biological membrane and thus, alters the therapeutic efficacy. Therefore, it is desirable to have a novel approach for such formulation in order to improve the solubility and bioavailability, of these phytoconstituents as a phospholipid complexation. Herbal drugs are precisely, embedded and bound by phospholipids to form vesicular structures, which are amphoteric in nature...
February 8, 2018: Current Drug Delivery
Sha Li, Ning Wang, Ming Hong, Hor-Yue Tan, Guofeng Pan, Yibin Feng
Various Chinese herbal medicines (CHMs) have shown beneficial liver protection effects. Jian-Gan-Bao (JGB), a functional herbal formula, consists of three famous CHMs, including Coriolus versicolor, Salvia miltiorrhiza and Schisandra chinensis, which has been used as a folk medicine for several chronic liver diseases. In the present study, we aim systemically to evaluate the effects of JGB on acute and chronic alcoholic liver diseases (ALD) as well as non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) in mouse models, and identify its potential bioactive components and mechanism of action...
February 7, 2018: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
E Deconinck, C Aouadi, J L Bothy, P Courselle
Due to the rising popularity of dietary supplements, especially plant food supplements, and alternative herbal medicines, a whole market developed and these products became freely available through internet. Though several searches revealed that at least a part of these products, especially the ones obtained from websites disclosing their physical identity, are aldulterated with pharmaceutical compounds. This causes a threat for public health, since these compounds are not declared and therefore adverse effects will not immediately be related to the product...
January 30, 2018: Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis
Sigrun Chrubasik-Hausmann, Julia Vlachojannis, Andrew J McLachlan
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to review herb-drug interaction studies with St John's wort (Hypericum perforatum L.) with a focus on the hyperforin content of the extracts used in these studies. METHODS: PUBMED was systematically searched to identify studies describing pharmacokinetic interactions involving St John's wort. Data on study design and the St John's wort extract or product were gathered to extract hyperforin content and daily dose used in interaction studies...
February 7, 2018: Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology
J F Buyel
Herbal remedies were the first medicines used by humans due to the many pharmacologically active secondary metabolites produced by plants. Some of these metabolites inhibit cell division and can therefore be used for the treatment of cancer, e.g. the mitostatic drug paclitaxel (Taxol). The ability of plants to produce medicines targeting cancer has expanded due to the advent of genetic engineering, particularly in recent years because of the development of gene editing systems such as the CRISPR/Cas9 platform...
February 3, 2018: Biotechnology Advances
B Ramesh Kumar
Diets containing high proportions of fruits and vegetables reduce the risk of onset of chronic diseases. The role of herbal medicines in improving human health is gaining popularity over the years, which also increases the need for safety and efficiency of these products. Green leafy vegetables (GLVs) are the richest source of phenolic compounds with excellent antioxidant properties. Increased consumption of diets containing phenolic compounds may give positive and better results to human health and significantly improves the immune system...
December 2017: Journal of Pharmaceutical Analysis
Chang-Liang Yao, Hui-Qin Pan, Hui Wang, Shuai Yao, Wen-Zhi Yang, Jin-Jun Hou, Qing-Hao Jin, Wan-Ying Wu, De-An Guo
Liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS) guided isolation is a favored strategy to quickly and efficiently explore the chemical diversity of herbal medicines. In this study, two methods were adopted to improve the performance of the strategy, including offline two-dimensional (2D) LC to extend the peak capacities and predicted metabolites screening (PMS) to automatically screen the targets with expanded databases. Ginsenosides in the leaves of Panax notoginseng (PNL) were taken as a case. An offline 2D LC system was constructed with an orthogonality of 0...
January 26, 2018: Journal of Chromatography. A
Li-Li Sun, Meng Wang, Hui-Jie Zhang, Ya-Nan Liu, Xiao-Liang Ren, Yan-Ru Deng, Ai-Di Qi
Polygoni Multiflori Radix (PMR) is increasingly being used not just as a traditional herbal medicine but also as a popular functional food. In this study, multivariate chemometric methods and mass spectrometry were combined to analyze the ultra-high-performance liquid chromatograph (UPLC) fingerprints of PMR from six different geographical origins. A chemometric strategy based on multivariate curve resolution-alternating least squares (MCR-ALS) and three classification methods is proposed to analyze the UPLC fingerprints obtained...
January 2018: Journal of Food and Drug Analysis
Hsiao-Chien Ting, Chia-Yu Chang, Kang-Yun Lu, Hong-Meng Chuang, Sheng-Feng Tsai, Mao-Hsuan Huang, Ching-Ann Liu, Shinn-Zong Lin, Horng-Jyh Harn
Traditional Chinese medicine has been practiced for centuries in East Asia. Herbs are used to maintain health and cure disease. Certain Chinese herbs are known to protect and improve the brain, memory, and nervous system. To apply ancient knowledge to modern science, some major natural therapeutic compounds in herbs were extracted and evaluated in recent decades. Emerging studies have shown that herbal compounds have neuroprotective effects or can ameliorate neurodegenerative diseases. To understand the mechanisms of herbal compounds that protect against neurodegenerative diseases, we summarize studies that discovered neuroprotection by herbal compounds and compound-related mechanisms in neurodegenerative disease models...
January 28, 2018: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
Kuldeep Dhama, Kumaragurubaran Karthik, Rekha Khandia, Ashok Munjal, Ruchi Tiwari, Rajneesh Rana, Sandip Kumar Khurana, Rifat Ullah Khan, Mahmoud Alagawany, Mayada Ragab Farag, Maryam Dadar, Sunil Kumar Joshi
Recently, there has been a remarkable progress in the field of antiviral herbal therapy owing to increasing concerns about the development of drug resistance and limited advances in the field of antiviral drug discovery. In almost all countries, medicinal plants have been used widely throughout history for the treatment of diseases and infections as traditional healing remedies due to their broad therapeutic spectrum and minimal or no side effects. As synthetic antiviral drugs are not available against most of the viral agents, hence all possible efforts have been focused on the search for new drugs and complementary/alternative medicines from different herbal formulations...
January 29, 2018: Current Drug Metabolism
Geir Bjørklund, Maryam Dadar, Natália Martins, Salvatore Chirumbolo, Bey Hing Goh, Kateryna Smetanina, Roman Lysiuk
Several studies have reported that nature-derived antioxidants may prevent free radicals over-production and therefore control the onset and prevent the exacerbation of different kinds of diseases caused by oxidative stress and redox-derived stressors, including ageing, fundamentally by suppressing the oxidative byproducts-mediated degradation. Naturally derived antioxidants exert their anti-ageing action via a panoply of signalling systems, many of which engaging reactive oxygen (ROS) and nitrogen (RNS) species scavenging, with the Nrf2/Keap1-ARE system and improving the many survival genes and functions (such as the pathway mTOR/Foxo/SIRT1) able to slow cellular senescence...
January 25, 2018: Basic & Clinical Pharmacology & Toxicology
Fanni Li, Xiwen Dong, Peng Lin, Jianli Jiang
The maintenance of ordinal cell cycle phases is a critical biological process in cancer genesis, which is a crucial target for anti-cancer drugs. As an important natural isoquinoline alkaloid from Chinese herbal medicine, Berberine (BBR) has been reported to possess anti-cancer potentiality to induce cell cycle arrest in hepatocellular carcinoma cells (HCC). However, the underlying mechanism remains to be elucidated. In our present study, G0/G1 phase cell cycle arrest was observed in berberine-treated Huh-7 and HepG2 cells...
January 23, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Muhammad Akram, Imtiaz Mahmood Tahir, Syed Muhammad Ali Shah, Zahed Mahmood, Awais Altaf, Khalil Ahmad, Naveed Munir, Muhammad Daniyal, Suhaila Nasir, Huma Mehboob
Viral infections are being managed therapeutically through available antiviral regimens with unsatisfactory clinical outcomes. The refractory viral infections resistant to available antiviral drugs are alarming threats and a serious health concern. For viral hepatitis, the interferon and vaccine therapies solely are not ultimate solutions due to recurrence of hepatitis C virus. Owing to the growing incidences of viral infections and especially of resistant viral strains, the available therapeutic modalities need to be improved, complemented with the discovery of novel antiviral agents to combat refractory viral infections...
January 22, 2018: Phytotherapy Research: PTR
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