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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820422/-the-frequency-of-factors-contributing-to-the-formation-of-adhesions-in-the-abdominal-cavity-in-women
#1
F Akhmedov
To determine the major factor that contributed to the formation of adhesions in the abdominal cavity in women with a history of surgical interventions, examined 86 women with adhesive disease (main group) in the past have suffered various surgeries. The average age of patients was 35,7±5,6 years. Clinical examination of patients included a collection of complaints, anamnesis of disease and life, physical examination. The degree of adhesion process in the abdominal cavity was evaluated according to the classification of the American Fertility Society (R-AFS, 1985) and the macroscopic scale proposed by N...
July 2017: Georgian Medical News
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820416/-ovarian-reserve-and-effectiveness-of-ivf-in-women-of-various-age-groups
#2
A Sayadyan, E Totoyan
The purpose of this study is a comparative assessment of ovarian reserve parameters and the effect of these indices on the features of follicle and oogenesis in women of different age groups. A retrospective analysis of IVF results was conducted in 101 patients aged 21 to 49 years. All patients were divided into 4 groups according to age: I group up to 30 y.o. - 45 women, II group - 31-35 y.o - 14 women, III group - 36-40 y.o. - 26 women, IV Group - 41 or more - 16 women. A low ovarian reserve was found in the majority (84,6%) of women in group III and in all women in group IV...
July 2017: Georgian Medical News
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820408/-thrombophilic-genetic-mutations-and-polymorphisms-in-women-with-infertility-and-failed-in-vitro-fertilization
#3
G Abrahamyan
Occurrence of pregnancy after in vitro fertilization depends of two components: functional adequacy of the embryo at the blastocyst stage and receptivity of endometrium, which, according to modern perception, are determinate in achieving optimal conditions of implantation. From the pregnancy occurrence point of view, as well as in regard to its further development , implantation is the most crucial phase of IVF/ICSI and ET. As the same time, this phase is also the most vulnerable. Multiple researches have proven the role of mother thrombophilia for genesis of gestation complications and early embryo losses, but in relation to this problem i the context of IVF there is still a lot to be detailed...
July 2017: Georgian Medical News
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820406/-results-of-preparation-and-implementation-of-ivf-program-in-patients-with-thrombophilia-and-history-of-failed-ivf
#4
G Abrahamyan
The problem of infertility and reproductive losses maintains its urgency, as well as medical and social significance. Frequency of infertility in overall population, according to the data from different authors, varies from 9 to 18 per cent. Methods of aided reproductive technologies (ART) opened a new era in the field of correction of infertile marriage. As a result, more and more couples choose to solve this problem by means of aided reproductive technologies (ART): in-vitro fertilization (IVF) and embryo transfer (ET)...
July 2017: Georgian Medical News
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819883/how-the-political-becomes-private-in-vitro-fertilization-and-the-catholic-church-in-poland
#5
Magdalena Radkowska-Walkowicz
The Polish debate on in vitro fertilization (IVF) is extremely heated and highly politicized. The hierarchs of the Catholic vehemently oppose the use of IVF. In this text, I present the Church's approach to IVF. Basing on the documentary film, Three Conversations about Life, and ethnographic research, as well as an analysis of Vatican documents and official statements of Polish bishops, I show how the positions of clergy might influence private lives. I indicate series of tensions associated with the "politics of morality" of the Catholic Church and the daily lives of people, who have children thanks to IVF...
August 17, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819724/hydrogeochemistry-and-water-quality-of-the-kordkandi-duzduzan-plain-nw-iran-application-of-multivariate-statistical-analysis-and-pos-index
#6
Shahla Soltani, Asghar Asghari Moghaddam, Rahim Barzegar, Naeimeh Kazemian, Evangelos Tziritis
Kordkandi-Duzduzan plain is one of the fertile plains of East Azarbaijan Province, NW of Iran. Groundwater is an important resource for drinking and agricultural purposes due to the lack of surface water resources in the region. The main objectives of the present study are to identify the hydrogeochemical processes and the potential sources of major, minor, and trace metals and metalloids such as Cr, Mn, Cd, Fe, Al, and As by using joint hydrogeochemical techniques and multivariate statistical analysis and to evaluate groundwater quality deterioration with the use of PoS environmental index...
August 18, 2017: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819682/laparoscopy-or-laparotomy-as-the-way-of-entrance-in-myoma-enucleation
#7
REVIEW
Cristina Cezar, Sven Becker, Attilio di Spiezio Sardo, Anja Herrmann, Angelika Larbig, Vasilis Tanos, Luz Angela Torres de la Roche, Hugo Christian Verhoeven, Markus Wallwiener, Rudy Leon De Wilde
PURPOSE: Uterine myomas are the main cause of benign uterine diseases in premenopausal women. Objective of the present paper is to investigate the current best treatment modalities of myomas, depending on age of the patient and her desire to preserve fertility, as well as on clinical presentation of this pathology, such as size, number, and location of fibroids and, furthermore, on surgical experience of the gynecologist. METHODS: The design of our work is a systematic literature review of existing studies, reviews, and meta-analysis conducted in PubMed and Cochrane Library to identify relevant literature...
August 17, 2017: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819220/nosema-ceranae-fipronil-and-their-combination-compromise-honey-bee-reproduction-via-changes-in-male-physiology
#8
Guillaume Kairo, David G Biron, Faten Ben Abdelkader, Marc Bonnet, Sylvie Tchamitchian, Marianne Cousin, Claudia Dussaubat, Boris Benoit, André Kretzschmar, Luc P Belzunces, Jean-Luc Brunet
The honey bee is threatened by biological agents and pesticides that can act in combination to induce synergistic effects on its physiology and lifespan. The synergistic effects of a parasite/pesticide combination have been demonstrated on workers and queens, but no studies have been performed on drones despite their essential contribution to colony sustainability by providing semen diversity and quality. The effects of the Nosema ceranae/fipronil combination on the life traits and physiology of mature drones were examined following exposure under semi-field conditions...
August 17, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818972/fertile-offspring-from-sterile-sex-chromosome-trisomic-mice
#9
Takayuki Hirota, Hiroshi Ohta, Benjamin E Powell, Shantha K Mahadevaiah, Obah A Ojarikre, Mitinori Saitou, James M A Turner
Having the correct number of chromosomes is vital for normal development and health. Sex chromosome trisomy (SCT) affects 0.1% of the human population and is associated with infertility. We show that during reprogramming to induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSC), fibroblasts from sterile trisomic XXY and XYY mice lose the extra sex chromosome, by a phenomenon we term trisomy-biased chromosome loss (TCL). Resulting euploid XY iPSCs can be differentiated into the male germ cell lineage and functional sperm that can be used in intracytoplasmic sperm injection to produce chromosomally normal, fertile offspring...
August 17, 2017: Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818710/multivariate-soil-fertility-relationships-for-predicting-the-environmental-persistence-of-2-4-6-trinitrotoluene-tnt-and-1-3-5-trinitro-1-3-5-tricyclohexane-rdx-among-taxonomically-distinct-soils
#10
Chelsea K Katseanes, Mark A Chappell, Bryan G Hopkins, Brian D Durham, Cynthia L Price, Beth E Porter, Lesley F Miller
After nearly a century of use in numerous munition platforms, TNT and RDX contamination has turned up largely in the environment due to ammunition manufacturing or as part of releases from low-order detonations during training activities. Although the basic knowledge governing the environmental fate of TNT and RDX are known, accurate predictions of TNT and RDX persistence in soil remain elusive, particularly given the universal heterogeneity of pedomorphic soil types. In this work, we proposed overcoming this problem by considering the environmental persistence of these munition constituents (MC) as multivariate mathematical functions over a variety of taxonomically distinct soil types, instead of a single constant or parameter of a specific absolute value...
August 14, 2017: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818583/timing-of-fertile-period-for-successful-pregnancy-in-american-bully-dogs
#11
Sang-Eun Hahn, Young-Kwang Jo, Yun-Kyong Jin, Goo Jang
Determination of the timing of the estrus cycle is essential for fertile mating. There are physiological variations among breeds, between bitches, and between cycles of the same bitch. If serial monitoring and many tools are applied, the exact moment of ovulation could be pin-pointed. However, it leads to time and costly difficulties. Progesterone concentrations during estrus cycles follow a specific pattern, and it is largely used in timing of fertile period. Although it has similar pattern in general, it is likely that breed-specific differences exist...
July 26, 2017: Theriogenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818388/genetic-analysis-of-rootstock-mediated-nitrogen-n-uptake-and-root-to-shoot-signalling-at-contrasting-n-availabilities-in-tomato
#12
M J Asins, A Albacete, C Martinez-Andujar, F Pérez-Alfocea, I C Dodd, E A Carbonell, J A Dieleman
Selecting rootstocks for high nitrogen acquisition ability may allow decreased N fertilizer application without reducing tomato yields, minimizing environmental nitrate pollution. A commercial hybrid tomato variety was grafted on a genotyped population of 130 recombinant inbred lines (RILs) derived from Solanum pimpinellifolium, and compared with self- and non-grafted controls under contrasting nitrate availabilities (13.8 vs 1.0mM) in the nutrient solution. Grafting itself altered xylem sap composition under N-sufficient conditions, particularly Na(+) (8...
October 2017: Plant Science: An International Journal of Experimental Plant Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818379/influence-of-tagw2-6a-on-seed-development-in-wheat-by-negatively-regulating-gibberellin-synthesis
#13
Qingyan Li, Liqun Li, Yan Liu, Qian Lv, Heng Zhang, Jian Zhu, Xuejun Li
Gibberellins (GA) are involved in seed development and E3 ubiquitin-ligases actively participate in GA perception and signal transduction. TaGW2-6A encodes a RING E3 ubiquitin-ligase that negatively regulates grain size. Therefore, Chinese Spring (CS) and its TaGW2-6A allelic variants (NIL31) were investigated to elucidate the relative contribution of GA to the regulation of seed development in wheat. The expression levels of GA biosynthesis and response genes were higher in NIL31 than CS, especially those of GA 3-oxidase and GASA4...
October 2017: Plant Science: An International Journal of Experimental Plant Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818367/metabolic-features-involved-in-drought-stress-tolerance-mechanisms-in-peanut-nodules-and-their-contribution-to-biological-nitrogen-fixation
#14
Ana Laura Furlan, Eliana Bianucci, Stella Castro, Karl-Josef Dietz
Legumes belong to the most important crops worldwide. They increase soil fertility due their ability to establish symbiotic associations with soil microorganisms, known as rhizobia, capable of fixing nitrogen from the atmosphere. However, they are frequently exposed to abiotic stress conditions in particular drought. Such adverse conditions impair the biological nitrogen fixation (BNF) and depend largely on the legume. Therefore, two peanut cultivars with contrasting tolerance to drought, namely the more tolerant EC-98 and the sensitive Granoleico, were investigated to elucidate the relative contribution of BNF to the tolerance to drought...
October 2017: Plant Science: An International Journal of Experimental Plant Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818301/in-vitro-fertilization-and-adverse-obstetric-and-perinatal-outcomes
#15
Chantae S Sullivan-Pyke, Suneeta Senapati, Monica A Mainigi, Kurt T Barnhart
Most IVF-conceived children are healthy, but IVF has also been associated with adverse obstetric and perinatal outcomes as well as congenital anomalies. There is also literature suggesting an association between IVF and neurodevelopmental disorders as well as potentially long-term metabolic outcomes. The main driver for adverse outcomes is the higher risk of multiple gestations in IVF, but as the field moves toward single embryo transfer, the rate of multiple gestations is decreasing. Studies have shown that singleton IVF pregnancies still have a higher incidence of adverse outcomes compared to unassisted singleton pregnancies...
August 14, 2017: Seminars in Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818017/support-for-new-mothers-and-fertility-in-the-united-kingdom-not-all-support-is-equal-in-the-decision-to-have-a-second-child
#16
Susan B Schaffnit, Rebecca Sear
Low fertility across Europe highlights the need to understand reproductive decisions in high-income countries better. Availability of support may be one factor influencing reproductive decisions, though within high-income countries availability varies between environments, including socio-economic environments. We test whether receiving higher levels of support, from different sources (informal and formal) and of different types (practical and emotional), is positively correlated with second births in the United Kingdom (UK) Millennium Cohort Study, and whether these relationships differ by socio-economic position (SEP)...
August 18, 2017: Population Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817700/the-loss-and-recovery-of-vertebrate-vision-examined-in-microplates
#17
Robert J Thorn, Danielle E Clift, Oladele Ojo, Ruth M Colwill, Robbert Creton
Regenerative medicine offers potentially ground-breaking treatments of blindness and low vision. However, as new methodologies are developed, a critical question will need to be addressed: how do we monitor in vivo for functional success? In the present study, we developed novel behavioral assays to examine vision in a vertebrate model system. In the assays, zebrafish larvae are imaged in multiwell or multilane plates while various red, green, blue, yellow or cyan objects are presented to the larvae on a computer screen...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817594/soil-pathogen-aphid-interactions-under-differences-in-soil-organic-matter-and-mineral-fertilizer
#18
Stijn van Gils, Giovanni Tamburini, Lorenzo Marini, Arjen Biere, Maaike van Agtmaal, Olaf Tyc, Martine Kos, David Kleijn, Wim H van der Putten
There is increasing evidence showing that microbes can influence plant-insect interactions. In addition, various studies have shown that aboveground pathogens can alter the interactions between plants and insects. However, little is known about the role of soil-borne pathogens in plant-insect interactions. It is also not known how environmental conditions, that steer the performance of soil-borne pathogens, might influence these microbe-plant-insect interactions. Here, we studied effects of the soil-borne pathogen Rhizoctonia solani on aphids (Sitobion avenae) using wheat (Triticum aestivum) as a host...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817280/x-ray-spectroscopy-uncovering-the-effects-of-cu-based-nanoparticle-concentration-and-structure-on-phaseolus-vulgaris-germination-and-seedling-development
#19
Nádia Marion Duran, Susilaine Maira Savassa, Rafael G Lima, Eduardo de Almeida, Francisco Scaglia Linhares, Cornelis A M van Gestel, Hudson W Pereira de Carvalho
Presenting fertilizers in nano form can improve their performance, but may also bring risks to the environment since the fate of nanomaterials is poorly understood. This study investigated the impact of CuO nanoparticles on the germination and seedling development of Phaseolus vulgaris L. A range of nanoparticle sizes and concentrations was covered (25, 40 and <80 nm at 1, 10, 100 and 1,000 mg Cu L-1). Nanoparticles did not affect seed germination, but seedling weight gain was promoted by 100 mg Cu L-1 and inhibited by 1,000 mg Cu L-1 of 25 nm Cu and CuSO4...
August 17, 2017: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817197/estimating-seroprevalence-of-herpes-simplex-virus-type-1-among-different-middle-east-and-north-african-male-populations-residing-in-qatar
#20
Gheyath K Nasrallah, Soha R Dargham, Layla I Mohammed, Laith J Abu-Raddad
BACKGROUND: HSV-1 epidemiology in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) remains poorly understood. Our study aimed to measure HSV-1 antibody prevalence (seroprevalence) and its age-distribution among select MENA populations residing in Qatar. METHODS: Sera were collected from male blood donors attending Hamad Medical Corporation 2013-2015. A total of 2,077 sera were tested for anti-HSV-1 antibodies using HerpeSelect® 1 ELISA IgG kits (Focus Diagnostics, USA)...
August 17, 2017: Journal of Medical Virology
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