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Herpes zoster

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730326/infectious-diseases-causing-autonomic-dysfunction
#1
REVIEW
Francisco Javier Carod Artal
OBJECTIVES: To review infectious diseases that may cause autonomic dysfunction. METHODS: Review of published papers indexed in medline/embase. RESULTS: Autonomic dysfunction has been reported in retrovirus (human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), human T-lymphotropic virus), herpes viruses, flavivirus, enterovirus 71 and lyssavirus infections. Autonomic dysfunction is relatively common in HIV-infected patients and heart rate variability is reduced even in early stages of infection...
July 20, 2017: Clinical Autonomic Research: Official Journal of the Clinical Autonomic Research Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728870/outpatient-dermatology-consultation-impacts-the-diagnosis-and-management-of-pediatric-oncology-patients-a-retrospective-study
#2
Hannah Song, Sarah N Robinson, Jennifer T Huang
BACKGROUND: The impact of dermatology consultation on the care of children with oncologic conditions is unknown. OBJECTIVE: To review outpatient dermatology visits and the resulting impact on diagnosis and management of pediatric oncology patients. METHOD: Retrospective review of pediatric oncology patients with outpatient dermatology visits at a tertiary care center from 2008 to 2015. RESULTS: The most common dermatologic diagnoses in 516 patients were skin infections (21...
July 17, 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727713/local-brain-activity-differences-between-herpes-zoster-and-postherpetic-neuralgia-patients-a-resting-state-functional-mri-study
#3
Song Cao, Ying Li, Wenwen Deng, Bangyong Qin, Yi Zhang, Peng Xie, Jie Yuan, Buwei Yu, Tian Yu
BACKGROUND: Herpes zoster (HZ) can develop into postherpetic neuralgia (PHN), both of which are painful diseases. PHN patients suffer chronic pain and emotional disorders. Previous studies showed that the PHN brain displayed abnormal activity and structural change, but the difference in brain activity between HZ and PHN is still not known. OBJECTIVES: To identify regional brain activity changes in HZ and PHN brains with resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging (rs-fMRI) technique, and to observe the differences between HZ and PHN patients...
July 2017: Pain Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727708/efficacy-of-short-term-spinal-cord-stimulation-in-acute-subacute-zoster-related-pain-a-retrospective-study
#4
Dao-Song Dong, Xue Yu, Cheng-Fu Wan, Yan Liu, Lin Zhao, Qi Xi, Wen-Yao Cui, Qiu-Shi Wang, Tao Song
BACKGROUND: Postherpetic neuralgia (PHN) is a refractory condition that impairs the patient's quality of life (QoL), it develops secondary to herpes zoster infection. Therefore, it's important to prevent the transition of acute/subacute zoster-related pain to PHN. Despite of numerous studies, the optimal intervention that reduces PHN incidence is still unknown. OBJECTIVE: We evaluate the efficacy of short-term spinal cord stimulation (stSCS) in patients with refractory acute/subacute zoster-related pain...
July 2017: Pain Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727702/subcutaneous-injection-of-triamcinolone-and-lidocaine-to-prevent-postherpetic-neuralgia
#5
Jiaxiang Ni, Xiaoping Wang, Yuanzhang Tang, Liqiang Yang, Yuanjie Zeng, Yuna Guo
BACKGROUND: Herpes zoster (HZ) is associated with inflammation of the peripheral nerves, which is considered to be an important cause of postherpetic neuralgia (PHN). Interventions aimed at reducing this inflammation could prevent PHN. One option is the epidural administration of corticosteroid and local anesthetic. However, several authors have reported a risk of arachnoiditis with epidural corticosteroids. Subcutaneous injection in an outpatient setting is a safer option. However, there is limited evidence of the effectiveness of this alternative for preventing PHN...
July 2017: Pain Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725322/recurrent-body-rash-warranted-second-desensitization-with-acyclovir-in-a-myeloma-patient-a-case-report
#6
Jack T Seki, Pamela Ng, Wallace Lam, Julie Cote, Anca Prica
A 75-year-old woman developed a moderately severe rash about a week and a half after the start of bortezomib (Btb)-based chemotherapy for IgG lambda multiple myeloma; at the time, she was also receiving acyclovir as antiviral prophylaxis in addition to herpes zoster (HZ) vaccination. HZ reactivation rate is high in Btb recipients; therefore, the timing of antiviral prevention is critical in relation to Btb. Attempts were made to identify the offending agent based on the timing of drugs administered and the appearance of skin lesions in relation to other drugs...
August 2017: Journal of Clinical Medicine Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724649/significant-associations-of-neurological-complications-of-herpes-zoster-with-stroke-in-rheumatoid-arthritis-patients
#7
Tsai-Ling Liao, Ching-Heng Lin, Hsin-Hua Chen, Yi-Ming Chen, Che-Chen Lin, Der-Yuan Chen
BACKGROUND: Accumulating evidence suggests an increased risk of stroke after herpes zoster (HZ). This risk is elevated in immunocompromised patients. The incidence of HZ in Asia is higher than in Western countries. However, the epidemiology of HZ and HZ-related stroke among rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients in Asia remains unclear. METHODS AND RESULTS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study using a population-based database to investigate the epidemiology of HZ in RA patients in Taiwan during the period of 2000-2011...
July 19, 2017: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720638/a-case-of-shingles-following-auricular-acupuncture
#8
Steven A Kewish
This is a case report of an occurrence of shingles (herpes zoster [HZ]) following auricular acupuncture. The patient developed acute reactivation HZ in the V1 distribution of the right trigeminal nerve involving the forehead, scalp, and medial upper eyelid 13 days after being treated with auricular acupuncture for chronic low-back pain. The lesions were initially painless, but they clustered and became painful within 2 days. The patient was treated with oral valacyclovir 1000 mg, 3 times daily for 7 days, and ibuprofen as needed...
July 2017: Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine: JABFM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720190/clinical-herpes-zoster-in-antarctica-as-a-model-for-spaceflight
#9
David P Reyes, Alaina A Brinley, Rebecca S Blue, Stephen K Gruschkus, Andrew T Allen, Scott E Parazynski
INTRODUCTION: Antarctica is a useful analog for spaceflight, as both environments are remote, isolated, and with limited resources. While previous studies have demonstrated increased asymptomatic viral shedding in both the Antarctic and spaceflight environments, clinical manifestations of reactivated viral disease have been less frequently identified. We sought to identify the incidence of clinical herpes zoster from viral reactivation in the Antarctic winter-over population. METHODS: Medical records from the 2014 winter season were reviewed for the incidence of zoster in U...
August 1, 2017: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718113/-stroke-and-myocardial-infarction-after-herpes-zoster
#10
REVIEW
Peter Wutzler
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: MMW Fortschritte der Medizin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714180/tofacitinib-for-the-treatment-of-moderate-to-severe-chronic-plaque-psoriasis-in-japanese-patients-subgroup-analyses-from-a-randomized-placebo-controlled-phase-3-trial
#11
Masatoshi Abe, Chikako Nishigori, Hideshi Torii, Hironobu Ihn, Kei Ito, Makoto Nagaoka, Naoki Isogawa, Isao Kawaguchi, Yukiko Tomochika, Mihoko Kobayashi, Anna M Tallman, Kim A Papp
Tofacitinib is an oral Janus kinase inhibitor. These post-hoc analyses assessed tofacitinib efficacy and safety in Japanese patients with psoriasis enrolled in a 52-week global phase 3 study. Patients received tofacitinib 5 mg, tofacitinib 10 mg or placebo twice daily (b.i.d.); placebo-treated patients advanced to tofacitinib at week 16. Primary efficacy end-points were the proportions of patients with 75% or more reduction from baseline Psoriasis Area and Severity Index (PASI-75) and Physician's Global Assessment (PGA) of "clear" or "almost clear" (PGA response) at week 16...
July 17, 2017: Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712474/postherpetic-neuralgia-practical-experiences-return-to-traditional-chinese-medicine
#12
REVIEW
Majid Avijgan, Seyedeh Tahoora Hajzargarbashi, Aliasghar Kamran, Mahtab Avijgan
Post-herpetic neuralgia (PHN) is a complication of herpes zoster that can cause different types of pain in the affected area. It often occurs mainly in severe cases of herpes zoster. The problem is defined as a persisting pain for 90-120 days after relieving of acute phase of herpes lesions. This complication causes suffering in patients and reduces the quality of life. In western medicine's viewpoints, PHN is due to disturbance in local and dermatomal nerves. There are several topical and systemic drugs that are used to manage the pain relief...
June 2017: Journal of Acupuncture and Meridian Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711084/herpes-zoster-in-psoriasis-patients-treated-with-tofacitinib
#13
Kevin L Winthrop, Mark Lebwohl, Arnon D Cohen, Jeffrey M Weinberg, Stephen K Tyring, Scott T Rottinghaus, Pankaj Gupta, Kaori Ito, Huaming Tan, Mandeep Kaur, Alexander Egeberg, Lotus Mallbris, Hernan Valdez
BACKGROUND: Tofacitinib is an oral Janus kinase (JAK) inhibitor. Immunomodulatory therapies can increase the risk for herpes zoster (HZ) in patients with psoriasis. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the relationship between tofacitinib use and HZ risk. METHODS: We used phases 2 and 3 and long-term extension (LTE) data from the tofacitinib development program in psoriasis to calculate HZ incidence rates (IR; events per 100 patient-years); potential HZ risk factors were evaluated using Cox-proportional hazard models...
August 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708959/assessment-of-the-potential-public-health-impact-of-herpes-zoster-vaccination-in-germany
#14
Desmond Curran, Desirée Van Oorschot, Lijoy Varghese, Lidia Oostvogels, Tomas Mrkvan, Romulo Colindres, Alfred von Krempelhuber, Anastassia Anastassopoulou
The aim of this study was to compare the public health impact of introducing two Herpes Zoster (HZ) vaccines, Zoster Vaccine Live (ZVL) versus a non-live adjuvanted subunit candidate vaccine (HZ/su), in the German population aged 50+ years split into three age cohorts, i.e. 50-59, 60-69 and 70+ years, respectively. A multi-cohort static Markov model was developed following age cohorts over their lifetime. Demographic data were obtained from the German federal statistical office. HZ incidence and the proportion of HZ individuals developing post-herpetic neuralgia (PHN) were derived from German specific sources...
July 14, 2017: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707638/mimicking-rashes-use-of-moulage-technique-in-undergraduate-assessment-at-the-aga-khan-university-karachi
#15
Saniya Raghib Sabzwari, Azam Afzal, Kashmira Nanji
BACKGROUND: The use of simulated patients in student assessment is supported by the Best Evidence Medical Education and U.S. Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, and it provides a safe and effective alternative to real patients in many situations. To assess the validity and feasibility of moulage technique-where a cosmetically constructed rash is used on simulated patients-two dermatologic rashes were developed using moulage simulation on standardized patients at Aga Khan University Hospital for 3rd year medical summative Objective Structured Clinical Examination (OSCE)...
January 2017: Education for Health: Change in Training & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705842/facial-palsy-and-atrial-fibrillation-a-special-case-of-ramsay-hunt-syndrome
#16
Fares Ayoub, Dhruv Mahtta, Roland-Austin Federico, Michael Kaufmann
Ramsay Hunt syndrome (herpes zoster oticus) is a rare complication of latent Varicella Zoster virus infection. It can be complicated by permanent hearing loss, loss of taste and postherpetic neuralgia. Although Ramsay Hunt syndrome most prominently involves the facial nerve, a number of other cranial nerves can be involved such as the vestibulocochlear, glossopharyngeal and the vagus nerve. We report on a case of Ramsay Hunt syndrome with cranial polyneuritis complicated by atrial fibrillation. Vagal involvement as evidenced by physical examination and MRI findings was present in our patient...
July 13, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701089/increased-risk-of-herpes-zoster-in-patients-with-coeliac-disease-nationwide-cohort-study
#17
Jonas F Ludvigsson, Rok Seon Choung, Eric V Marietta, Joseph A Murray, Louise Emilsson
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Clinical experience suggests that patients with coeliac disease (CD) are more prone to develop herpes zoster (HZ), but robust studies are lacking. METHODS: We identified 29,064 patients with CD 1969-2008 using biopsy report data from Sweden's 28 pathology departments. CD was equalled to villous atrophy (Marsh histopathology grade III). Each patient was matched on age, sex, calendar year and county of residence to up to five reference individuals ( n=144,342) from the general population...
July 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689961/pregabalin-reduces-cisplatin-induced-mechanical-allodynia-in-rats
#18
Yoshihiro Seto, Miyuki Takase, Yasuhiro Tsuji, Hideto To
Although cisplatin (CDDP) is a key drug in cancer chemotherapy, CDDP-induced peripheral neuropathy is a dose-limiting factor. We previously reported that CDDP-induced peripheral neuropathy, which progressed from allodynia to hypoalgesia, was ameliorated by the administration of CDDP to rats at a specific time. However, mechanical allodynia cannot be prevented therapeutically. Pregabalin (PGN) is used to suppress neuropathic pain from herpes zoster and diabetes. Therefore, we investigated the effects of PGN on CDDP-induced mechanical allodynia in rats...
June 20, 2017: Journal of Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28684923/bilateral-herpes-zoster-in-a-patient-with-end-stage-kidney-disease
#19
Tetsu Akimoto, Shigeaki Muto, Daisuke Nagata
Herpes zoster (HZ) is caused by the reactivation of a latent varicella-zoster virus (VZV) infection within the cranial or dorsal root ganglia. The cutaneous lesions of HZ are typically limited to a single dermatome, while non-contiguous HZ involving two or more dermatomes is a very rare clinical entity. In this report, we describe a case of HZ involving the left and right side of the abdomen corresponding to the T11 dermatome in a 63-year-old man on chronic peritoneal dialysis. The characteristic cutaneous manifestation encouraged us to ascribe the disease to HZ duplex bilateralis, and the patient was given a single dose of oral valacyclovir and achieved a favorable outcome...
2017: International Medical Case Reports Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28684648/a-cross-sectional-study-of-the-knowledge-attitude-and-practice-of-patients-aged-50-years-or-above-towards-herpes-zoster-in-an-out-patient-setting
#20
A Cy Lam, M Y Chan, H Y Chou, S Y Ho, H L Li, C Y Lo, K F Shek, S Y To, K K Yam, I Yeung
INTRODUCTION: There has been limited research on the knowledge of and attitudes about herpes zoster in the Hong Kong population. This study aimed to investigate the knowledge, attitude, and practice of patients aged 50 years or above towards herpes zoster and its vaccination. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study in the format of a structured questionnaire interview carried out in Sai Ying Pun Jockey Club General Outpatient Clinic in Hong Kong. Knowledge of herpes zoster and its vaccination was assessed, and patient attitudes to and concerns about the disease were evaluated...
July 7, 2017: Hong Kong Medical Journal, Xianggang Yi Xue za Zhi
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