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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036443/the-association-of-perceived-mental-stress-sense-of-purpose-in-life-and-negative-life-events-with-the-risk-of-incident-herpes-zoster-and-postherpetic-neuralgia-the-shez-study
#1
Yukiko Takao, Yoshinobu Okuno, Yasuko Mori, Hideo Asada, Koichi Yamanishi, Hiroyasu Iso
This population-based prospective study examined the relationships of perceived mental stress, sense of purpose in life, and negative life events to the incidence of herpes zoster (HZ) and postherpetic neuralgia (PHN). The data were collected from 12,359 participants (aged ≥50 years old in Shozu County, Kagawa Prefecture, Japan) who answered a self-completed health questionnaire. During a 3-year follow-up between December 2008 and November 2012, HZ and PHN were diagnosed in 400 and 79 subjects, respectively...
September 20, 2017: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036392/update-from-the-advisory-committee-on-immunization-practices
#2
Sean T O'Leary, David W Kimberlin
The Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP), a group of medical and public health experts, meets 3 times per year to develop recommendations for vaccine use in the United States. The group has 15 voting members, and each member's term is 4 years. ACIP members and Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) staff discuss the epidemiology of vaccine-preventable diseases and vaccine research, effectiveness, safety data, and clinical trial results. Representatives from the American Academy of Pediatrics (Carrie L...
September 25, 2017: Journal of the Pediatric Infectious Diseases Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29029224/immunogenicity-and-safety-of-an-adjuvanted-herpes-zoster-subunit-vaccine-co-administered-with-seasonal-influenza-vaccine-in-adults-aged-50-years-and-older
#3
Tino F Schwarz, Naresh Aggarwal, Beate Moeckesch, Isabelle Schenkenberger, Carine Claeys, Martine Douha, Olivier Godeaux, Katrijn Grupping, Thomas C Heineman, Marta Lopez Fauqued, Lidia Oostvogels, Peter Van den Steen, Himal Lal
Background: The immunogenicity and safety of an adjuvanted herpes zoster subunit vaccine (HZ/su) when co-administered with a quadrivalent seasonal inactivated influenza vaccine (IIV4) was investigated in a phase 3, open-label, randomized clinical trial in adults aged ≥50 years. Methods: Subjects were randomized 1:1 to receive either HZ/su (VZV glycoprotein E [gE]; AS01B Adjuvant System) and IIV4 at day 0 followed by a second HZ/su dose at month 2 (Co-ad group), or IIV4 at month 0 and HZ/su at months 2 and 4 (Control group)...
September 26, 2017: Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29029122/immunogenicity-and-safety-of-the-hz-su-adjuvanted-herpes-zoster-subunit-vaccine-in-adults-previously-vaccinated-with-a-live-attenuated-herpes-zoster-vaccine
#4
Katrijn Grupping, Laura Campora, Martine Douha, Thomas C Heineman, Nicola P Klein, Himal Lal, James Peterson, Ilse Vastiau, Lidia Oostvogels
Background: Protection against herpes zoster (HZ) induced by the live-attenuated zoster vaccine Zostavax (ZVL) wanes within 3-7 years. Re-vaccination may renew protection. We assessed whether (re)-vaccination with the adjuvanted HZ subunit vaccine candidate (HZ/su) induced comparable immune responses in previous ZVL-recipients and ZVL-naïve individuals (HZ-NonVac). Methods: In an open-label, multicenter study (NCT02581410), adults ≥65 years of age, vaccinated with ZVL ≥5 years previously (HZ-PreVac), were matched to HZ-NonVac adults...
September 26, 2017: Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29029120/diagnostic-usefulness-of-varicella-zoster-virus-real-time-pcr-with-dna-from-saliva-and-plasma-in-patients-with-herpes-zoster
#5
Seong Yeon Park, Ji Yeun Kim, Ji-Ae Kim, Jisoo Kwon, Sun-Mi Kim, Na Young Jeon, Min-Chul Kim, Yong Pil Chong, Sang Oh Lee, Sang-Ho Choi, Yang Soo Kim, Jun Hee Woo, Sung-Han Kim
Background: We evaluated the diagnostic usefulness of PCR for detecting varicella zoster virus (VZV) infection and reactivation of VZV using saliva and plasma VZV DNA from subjects suspected of having herpes zoster (HZ), and healthy volunteers exposed to stress, respectively. Methods: Study subjects were patients with HZ (n = 52), control patients with zoster-mimicking conditions (n = 30), and healthy university students (n = 27). VZV DNA was examined in saliva and plasma samples by real-time PCR...
September 26, 2017: Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025327/post-herpetic-neuralgia-a-review-of-current-management-and-future-directions
#6
John Schutzer-Weissmann, Paul Farquhar-Smith
Post-herpetic neuralgia (PHN) is common and treatment is often suboptimal with less than half of patients achieving adequate 50% pain relief. As an area of unmet clinical need and as an archetype of neuropathic pain, it deserves the attention of clinicians and researchers. Areas covered: This review summarises the epidemiology, pathophysiology, risk factors and clinical features of varicella infection. It describes the current and possible future management strategies for preventing varicella infection and reactivation and for treating PHN...
October 13, 2017: Expert Opinion on Pharmacotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023181/review-for-disease-of-the-year-varicella-zoster-virus-induced-anterior-uveitis
#7
Ilknur Tugal-Tutkun, Luca Cimino, Yonca Aydin Akova
Varicella zoster virus (VZV)-induced anterior uveitis (AU) may complicate the course of primary varicella infection typically seen in children. In adults, especially with advanced age, VZV AU is more commonly associated with herpes zoster ophthalmicus (HZO) with or without skin rash affecting the distribution of the ophthalmic nerve due to reactivation of the latent VZV in the trigeminal ganglion. While it is typically a mild self-limiting AU in primary infection, HZO AU is often accompanied by keratitis, may have a chronic recurrent course, and lead to sectoral iris atrophy, pupillary distortion, and ocular hypertension...
October 12, 2017: Ocular Immunology and Inflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021397/varicella-zoster-virus-expresses-multiple-small-non-coding-rnas
#8
Amos Markus, Linoy Golani, Nishant Kumar Ojha, Tatiana Borodiansky-Shteinberg, Paul R Kinchington, Ronald S Goldstein
Many herpesviruses express small non coding RNAs (sncRNA), including microRNAs (miR), that may play roles in regulating lytic and latent infections. None have yet been reported in varicella zoster virus (VZV, HHV-3). Here we analyzed next generation sequencing (NGS) data for small RNAs in VZV-infected fibroblasts and human embryonic stem cell-derived (hESC) neurons. Two independent bioinformatics analyses identified more than 20 VZV-encoded 20-24 nucleotide RNAs, some of which are predicted to have stem-loop precursors potentially representing miRs...
October 11, 2017: Journal of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29018146/anca-and-iga-glomerulonephritis-all-in-one-prognosis-and-complications
#9
Pitchaphon Nissaisorakarn, Vivette D'Agati, Kisra Anis, Belinda Jim
We present the case of a 75-year-old Hispanic woman with known stage 3 chronic kidney disease, long-standing hypertension and type 2 diabetes mellitus who presented with right-sided abdominal pain and acute kidney injury, nephrotic range proteinuria with positive antimyeloperoxidase antibody. A renal biopsy revealed IgA nephropathy with superimposed pauci-immune antineutrophilic cytoplasmic antibody (ANCA)-associated crescentic glomerulonephritis. The patient was treated with pulse intravenous methylprednisolone, cyclophosphamide and plasmapheresis...
October 9, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017207/-herpes-zoster-recommendations-from-the-european-consensus-based-guideline
#10
Ricardo Niklas Werner, Lisa Eisert, Alexander Nast
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: Deutsche Medizinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988331/economic-burden-of-herpes-zoster-and-post-herpetic-neuralgia-in-adults-60-years-of-age-or-older-results-from-a-prospective-physician-practice-based-cohort-study-in-kushiro-japan
#11
Hiroyuki Nakamura, Akiko Mizukami, Koichi Adachi, Sean Matthews, Katsiaryna Holl, Kazuhiro Asano, Akihiro Watanabe, Riri Adachi, Mariko Kiuchi, Keiju Kobayashi, Keiko Sato, Taizo Matsuki, Toshihiko Kaise, Desmond Curran
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Herpes zoster has a high incidence rate among people aged ≥ 60 years and can lead to serious complications such as post-herpetic neuralgia. There are currently no data on the economic burden of herpes zoster and post-herpetic neuralgia in Japan, and the objective of this study was to address this gap. METHODS: A total of 412 patients aged ≥ 60 years diagnosed with herpes zoster were recruited. Demographic, clinical, and healthcare resource utilization data on patients with herpes zoster or post-herpetic neuralgia collected via case report forms were used to estimate direct medical cost...
October 7, 2017: Drugs—Real World Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28981470/telomere-dynamics-in-immune-senescence-and-exhaustion-triggered-by-chronic-viral-infection
#12
REVIEW
Marcia Bellon, Christophe Nicot
The progressive loss of immunological memory during aging correlates with a reduced proliferative capacity and shortened telomeres of T cells. Growing evidence suggests that this phenotype is recapitulated during chronic viral infection. The antigenic volume imposed by persistent and latent viruses exposes the immune system to unique challenges that lead to host T-cell exhaustion, characterized by impaired T-cell functions. These dysfunctional memory T cells lack telomerase, the protein capable of extending and stabilizing chromosome ends, imposing constraints on telomere dynamics...
October 5, 2017: Viruses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28981391/posterior-scleritis-with-choroidal-effusion-secondary-to-herpes-zoster-ophthalmicus
#13
Edmund Tsui, Soshian Sarrafpour, Yasha S Modi
PURPOSE: To describe a case of posterior scleritis with serous choroidal detachment that occurred as an acute complication of herpes zoster ophthalmicus (HZO). METHODS: Retrospective case report. RESULTS: A 75-year-old female presented with 3 days of painful, decreased vision in her left eye 1 week after being diagnosed with HZO. She had unilateral crusted vesicular lesions in the V1 dermatomal distribution and corneal pseudodendrites. Funduscopic examination demonstrated a large choroidal detachment in her left eye...
October 5, 2017: Ocular Immunology and Inflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28979027/psoriasis-over-healed-herpes-zoster-wolf-s-isotopic-response
#14
Shekhar Neema, Anupam Das, Nalin Shankar Singh
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Indian Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28978808/monoclonal-igg-in-mgus-and-multiple-myeloma-targets-infectious-pathogens
#15
Adrien Bosseboeuf, Delphine Feron, Anne Tallet, Cédric Rossi, Cathy Charlier, Laurent Garderet, Denis Caillot, Philippe Moreau, Marina Cardó-Vila, Renata Pasqualini, Wadih Arap, Alfreda Destea Nelson, Bridget S Wilson, Hélène Perreault, Eric Piver, Pierre Weigel, François Girodon, Jean Harb, Edith Bigot-Corbel, Sylvie Hermouet
Subsets of mature B cell neoplasms are linked to infection with intracellular pathogens such as Epstein-Barr virus (EBV), hepatitis C virus (HCV), or Helicobacter pylori. However, the association between infection and the immunoglobulin-secreting (Ig-secreting) B proliferative disorders remains largely unresolved. We investigated whether the monoclonal IgG (mc IgG) produced by patients diagnosed with monoclonal gammopathy of undetermined significance (MGUS) or multiple myeloma (MM) targets infectious pathogens...
October 5, 2017: JCI Insight
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28977006/missed-opportunities-for-hiv-testing-among-newly-diagnosed-hiv-infected-adults-in-abidjan-c%C3%A3-te-d-ivoire
#16
Maxime Inghels, Serge Niangoran, Albert Minga, Jean Michel Yoboue, Lambert Dohoun, Abo Yao, Serge Eholié, Xavier Anglaret, Christine Danel
BACKGROUND: HIV testing is crucial for starting ART earlier in HIV-infected people. We describe Missed Opportunities (MO) for HIV testing among adults newly diagnosed with HIV in Abidjan, Côte d'Ivoire. METHODS: Between april,2nd 2013 and april 1st 2014, a cross-sectional study was conducted among all adults newly diagnosed (< 1year) for HIV at the Blood Donors Medical Center of Abidjan with face to face questionnaire. An MO for HIV testing was defined as a medical consultation for a clinical indicator (e...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28976562/seroprevalence-of-lymphocytic-choriomeningitis-virus-and-ljungan-virus-in-finnish-patients-with-suspected-neurological-infections
#17
Cristina Fevola, Suvi Kuivanen, Teemu Smura, Antti Vaheri, Hannimari Kallio-Kokko, Heidi C Hauffe, Olli Vapalahti, Anne J Jääskeläinen
BACKGROUND: Directly-transmitted rodent-borne zoonotic viruses, such as lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus (LCMV) can cause nervous system infections. Rodent-borne Ljungan virus (LV) is considered potentially zoonotic possibly causing neurological symptoms. Our objective was to understand the role of these two viruses compared to other pathogens in causing neurological infections in Finnish patients. METHODS: Routine screening data were available for 400 patients aged 5-50 years, collected from December 2013-December 2014 with suspected neurological infection...
October 4, 2017: Journal of Medical Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28970403/assessment-of-perceived-barriers-to-herpes-zoster-vaccination-among-geriatric-primary-care-providers
#18
Katherine Montag Schafer, Shannon Reidt
The herpes zoster vaccine is recommended for use in adults 60 years of age and older to reduce the incidence and morbidity associated with infection. Its limited uptake has been attributed to logistical barriers, but uncertain efficacy and safety in subsets of this patient population could also be contributing. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the current vaccination practices, barriers to vaccination, knowledge of vaccination reimbursement and strategies to evaluate for insurance coverage among an urban, safety net, teaching hospital, geriatric primary care provider group through a survey administered via paper and online platforms...
October 18, 2016: Pharmacy (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28966517/frequency-of-herpes-zoster-recurrence-in-central-district-of-korea
#19
Jae Won Ha, Jin Yong Lee, Young Her, Chul Woo Kim, Sang Seok Kim
BACKGROUND: Herpes zoster is characterized by unilateral grouped vesicles along the distribution of a dermatome. A global recurrence rate as low as 0.5%∼6.2% has been reported for herpes zoster. The recurrence of herpes zoster is higher in immunocompromised patients and older patients. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study is to assess the frequency of herpes zoster recurrence and factors that can influence its recurrence. METHODS: From January 2005 to December 2015, 14,343 patients with herpes zoster were enrolled in this study...
October 2017: Annals of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28966514/a-study-of-the-changes-of-t-helper-17-cells-and-regulatory-t-cells-in-herpes-zoster
#20
Min Sung Kim, Dong Jin Kim, Chan Ho Na, Bong Seok Shin
BACKGROUND: Immunosuppression and age-related deficiencies in cell-mediated immunity are important factors for the reactivation of latent varicella-zoster virus (VZV). CD4(+)CD25(+)Foxp3(+) regulatory T (Treg) cells and T helper 17 (Th17) cells are closely associated with various viral infections. OBJECTIVE: We analyzed Treg cells and Th17 cells in patients with herpes zoster and investigated their relationship with the reactivation of latent VZV. METHODS: Treg and Th17 cells in peripheral blood and the ratio of Th17 to Treg cells were examined in patients with herpes zoster and healthy controls...
October 2017: Annals of Dermatology
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