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Herpes zoster

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225487/comparing-serum-microrna-levels-of-acute-herpes-zoster-patients-with-those-of-postherpetic-neuralgia-patients
#1
Ying Huang, Xihan Li, Gaojian Tao, Tong Zhu, Jian Lin
Postherpetic neuralgia (PHN) is commonly defined as pain persisting for at least 3 months after acute herpes zoster (AHZ) rash presentation. About one-tenth of all acute herpes zoster patients develop PHN. Circulating microRNAs (miRNAs) are promising biomarkers for infectious diseases; however, there has been no relationship established between circulating miRNAs and PHN to date; the aim of the present investigation was to elucidate this relationship.We compared serum levels of miRNA in PHN and AHZ patients...
February 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224485/incidence-of-varicella-zoster-virus-infections-of-the-central-nervous-system-in-the-elderly-a-large-tertiary-hospital-based-series-2007-2014
#2
M Arruti, L D Piñeiro, Y Salicio, G Cilla, M A Goenaga, A López de Munain
The aim of the study was to describe the clinical and epidemiological characteristics of the central nervous system (CNS) infection by varicella zoster virus (VZV) in patients older than 65 years in a tertiary community hospital. We retrospectively analysed the results of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) testing in patients older than 65 years between 2007 and 2014 with clinically suspected VZV infection with CNS involvement. Patients whose CSF samples were positive for VZV DNA were included, as were those with negative results who simultaneously presented herpes zoster and CSF or magnetic resonance imaging findings suggestive of CNS infection, and in whom other possible aetiologies had been ruled out...
February 21, 2017: Journal of Neurovirology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215122/the-role-of-age-sex-interaction-in-the-development-of-post-herpetic-neuralgia
#3
Daniela Amicizia, Alexander Domnich, Lucia Arata, Daniela Zoli, Carla Maria Zotti, Elena Cacello, Maria Rosaria Gualano, Roberto Gasparini, Donatella Panatto
Post-herpetic neuralgia is the most frequent complication of herpes zoster and affects up to 30% of patients. Increased age is a well-recognized risk factor, while the role of gender is highly uncertain. Little research has been performed into a possible combined effect of age and sex in post-herpetic neuralgia. The objective of the study was to study the role of age and sex and their combined effect in the development of post-herpetic neuralgia. This retrospective study enrolled adult subjects with at least one episode of herpes zoster in the previous 10 y...
February 2017: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207515/herpes-zoster-correlates-with-increased-risk-of-parkinson-s-disease-in-older-people-a-population-based-cohort-study-in-taiwan
#4
Shih-Wei Lai, Chih-Hsueh Lin, Hsien-Feng Lin, Cheng-Li Lin, Cheng-Chieh Lin, Kuan-Fu Liao
Little is known on the relationship between herpes zoster and Parkinson's disease in older people. This study aimed to explore whether herpes zoster could be associated with Parkinson's disease in older people in Taiwan.We conducted a retrospective cohort study using the claim data of the Taiwan National Health Insurance Program. There were 10,296 subjects aged 65 years and older with newly diagnosed herpes zoster as the herpes zoster group and 39,405 randomly selected subjects aged 65 years and older without a diagnosis of herpes zoster as the nonherpes zoster group from 1998 to 2010...
February 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28204894/genotype-analysis-of-orf-62-identifies-varicella-zoster-virus-infections-caused-by-a-vaccine-strain-in-children
#5
Byung Ok Kwak, Hoan Jong Lee, Hyun Mi Kang, Chi Eun Oh, Eun Hwa Choi
This study was performed to differentiate vaccine-type strains from wild-type strains and determine the genotype of varicella-zoster virus (VZV) in 51 Korean children. A sequencing analysis of ORF 62 identified two cases of herpes zoster caused by the vaccine-type virus, without a previous history of varicella, 22 months and 5 months after VZV vaccination. The wild-type strain was identified in the remaining children. A genotype analysis of ORF 22 amino acids revealed genotype J in all children except one...
February 15, 2017: Archives of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202826/-hypogeusia-and-high-signals-in-the-nuclei-of-the-solitary-tract-on-mri-due-to-varicella-zoster-virus-infection-a-case-report
#6
Yuji Shiga, Yuhei Kanaya, Shinichi Takeshima, Yutaka Shimoe, Akio Tanaka, Masaru Kuriyama
A 63-year-old man noticed hypogeusia after presenting hiccups for several days. He was serologically diagnosed with varicella-zoster virus (VZV) infection, but had no skin lesions typical of herpes (zoster sine herpete). Hypogeusia was confirmed by electrogustometry and the filter-paper disk method, which showed damage in the areas innervated by the cord of tympanum, glossopharyngeal nerve, and greater petrosal nerve. High signals in the nuclei of the solitary tract of the medulla oblongata and the enhancement of the bilateral intracranial segments of the cranial nerve IX and X complex were observed by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)...
February 2017: Brain and Nerve, Shinkei Kenkyū No Shinpo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28201953/acute-hiv-1-infection-presenting-with-fulminant-encephalopathy
#7
Eun J Lee, Young H Kim, Jeong Y Lee, Jun-Sang Sunwoo, Se Y Park, Tae H Kim
Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-1 directly affects the nervous system, causes distinct neurological symptoms, and indirectly results in opportunistic infections, which include herpes virus simplex (HSV)-1, HSV-2, varicella zoster virus, and cytomegalovirus encephalitis caused by immunodeficiency. Early HIV-1 invasion of the central nervous system is also possible, and acute encephalopathy is a potentially lethal complication. We encountered a case of fulminant encephalopathy as a primary presentation of acute HIV-1 infection, in which highly active antiretroviral treatment resulted in a full clinical recovery...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of STD & AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197700/-the-alpha-herpesviridae-in-dermatology-varicella-zoster-virus-german-version
#8
REVIEW
L El Hayderi, A Rübben, A F Nikkels
The second part of this publication deals with varicella zoster virus (VZV) and presents an overview of new, rare, and atypical clinical manifestations, including photolocalized varicella, hemorrhagic bullae during varicella, the implication of VZV in immunoglobulin A vasculitis, VZV-related alopecia, ulcerative varicella skin lesions, childhood herpes zoster (HZ), prolonged prodromal pains, recurrent HZ, VZV implication in burning mouth syndrome, verruciform VZV lesions, the significance of satellite lesions during HZ, and late HZ complications, either neurological or internal...
February 14, 2017: Der Hautarzt; Zeitschrift Für Dermatologie, Venerologie, und Verwandte Gebiete
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197697/the-alpha-herpesviridae-in-dermatology-varicella-zoster-virus
#9
REVIEW
L El Hayderi, A Rübben, A F Nikkels
The second part of this publication deals with varicella zoster virus (VZV) and presents an overview of new, rare, and atypical clinical manifestations, including photolocalized varicella, hemorrhagic bullae during varicella, the implication of VZV in immunoglobulin A vasculitis, VZV-related alopecia, ulcerative varicella skin lesions, childhood herpes zoster (HZ), prolonged prodromal pains, recurrent HZ, VZV implication in burning mouth syndrome, verruciform VZV lesions, the significance of satellite lesions during HZ, and late HZ complications, either neurological or internal...
February 14, 2017: Der Hautarzt; Zeitschrift Für Dermatologie, Venerologie, und Verwandte Gebiete
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196581/syndrome-of-inappropiate-antidiuretic-hormone-secretion-secondary-to-thoracic-herpes-zoster
#10
Jose Luis Ramírez-Bellver, Eva Hermosa Zarza
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 6, 2017: Medicina Clínica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196316/common-skin-conditions-in-children-neonatal-skin-lesions
#11
Brian Z Rayala, Dean S Morrell
Skin findings during the initial month of life are ubiquitous. One study estimated that more than 95% of newborns have cutaneous findings, which often are distressing to parents but frequently are benign and self-limited. Among them are milia, cutis marmorata, congenital dermal melanocytosis, and the benign neonatal pustular eruptions (eg, benign cephalic pustulosis, erythema toxicum neonatorum, transient neonatal pustular melanosis). Clinicians need to recognize these benign skin conditions and differentiate them from more serious conditions, such as infectious pustular eruptions from bacterial, viral, and fungal causes, and inflammatory conditions, such as Langerhans cell histiocytosis...
February 2017: FP Essentials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194351/herpes-zoster-lesions-on-reconstructed-breast-skin-rare-objective-proof-of-reinervation
#12
Laurenz Weitgasser, Stephan Wolfgang Valina, Thomas Schoeller, Gudrun Ehebruster
Blazed up Herpes zoster lesions have been described in very few patients after free and pedicled flap transfer for reconstructive purpose. Although sensory recovery after flap reconstructions has been studied extensively most studies addressed subjective perceptions of sensation. Objective investigations of spontaneous reinervation of free and pedicled flaps are rare. We would like to present a witnessed herpes zoster infection of a latissimus dorsi skin flap 2 years after breast reconstruction.
January 2017: Archives of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187808/diagnosis-and-management-of-acute-encephalitis
#13
J J Halperin
Encephalitis is typically viral (approximately half of diagnosed cases) or autoimmune (about a quarter) with the remainder remaining undiagnosable at this time. All require general supportive care but only a minority requires intensive care admission - in these intubation, to protect the airway or to treat status epilepticus with anesthetic drugs, may be needed. In some dysautonomia with wide blood pressure fluctuations is the principal concern. Remarkably, in addition to supportive care, specific treatment options are available for the majority - immune-modulating therapy for those with autoimmune disorders, antiviral therapy for herpes simplex 1 and 2, and varicella-zoster encephalitis...
2017: Handbook of Clinical Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178287/herpes-zoster-and-the-risk-of-ischemic-and-hemorrhagic-stroke-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#14
Ying Lian, Yun Zhu, Fang Tang, Bing Yang, Ruisheng Duan
BACKGROUND: Herpes zoster infection and stroke are highly prevalent in the general population; however, reports have presented inconsistent findings regarding the relationship between herpes zoster infection and stroke. In this meta-analysis, we aimed to clarify this association. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The PubMed and Embase databases were searched for studies published from their inception to January 2016. Two investigators independently extracted the data. The pooled relative risk (RR) was calculated using a random effects model...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28174201/safety-of-second-dose-single-antigen-varicella-vaccine
#15
John R Su, Zanie Leroy, Paige W Lewis, Penina Haber, Mona Marin, Jessica Leung, Emily Jane Woo, Tom T Shimabukuro
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: In 2006, routine 2-dose varicella vaccination for children was recommended to improve control of varicella. We assessed the safety of second-dose varicella vaccination. METHODS: We identified second-dose single-antigen varicella vaccine reports in the Vaccine Adverse Event Reporting System during 2006 to 2014 among children aged 4 to 18 years. We analyzed reports by age group (4-6 and 7-18 years), sex, serious or nonserious status, most common adverse events (AEs), and whether other vaccines were administered concomitantly with varicella vaccine...
February 7, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28162821/safety-of-live-vaccinations-on-immunosuppressive-therapy-in-patients-with-immune-mediated-inflammatory-diseases-solid-organ-transplantation-or-after-bone-marrow-transplantation-a-systematic-review-of-randomized-trials-observational-studies-and-case-reports
#16
REVIEW
Evelina Croce, Christoph Hatz, Emile F Jonker, L G Visser, Veronika K Jaeger, Silja Bühler
BACKGROUND: Live vaccines are generally contraindicated on immunosuppressive therapy due to safety concerns. However, data are limited to corroborate this practice. OBJECTIVES: To estimate the safety of live vaccinations in patients with immune-mediated inflammatory diseases (IMID) or solid organ transplantation (SOT) on immunosuppressive treatment and in patients after bone-marrow transplantation (BMT). DATA SOURCES: A search was conducted in electronic databases (Cochrane, Pubmed, Embase) and additional literature was identified by targeted searches...
February 2, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28162710/-135-stressful-life-events-are-a-risk-factor-for-postherpetic-neuralgia-development-but-not-for-herpes-zoster-incidence-a-population-based-cohort-study-among-japanese-older-adults
#17
K Yamada, H Iso
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2016: Journal of Pain: Official Journal of the American Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160282/drugs-in-development-for-herpes-simplex-and-varicella-zoster-virus
#18
Alexander Birkmann, Holger Zimmermann
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 4, 2017: Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28158158/prevention-of-post-herpetic-neuralgia-from-dream-to-reality-a-ten-step-model
#19
Mohamed Younis Makharita
Herpes zoster (HZ) is a painful, blistering skin eruption in a dermatomal distribution caused by reactivation of a latent varicella zoster virus in the dorsal root ganglia (DRG). Post-herpetic neuralgia (PHN) is the most common complication of acute herpes zoster (AHZ).Severe prodrome, greater acute pain and dermatomal injury, and the density of the eruption are the risk factors and predictors for developing PHN. PHN has a substantial effect on the quality of life; many patients develop severe physical, occupational, social, and psychosocial disabilities as a result of the unceasing pain...
February 2017: Pain Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28151462/metastases-of-malignant-melanoma-on-the-skin-of-the-abdomen-and-thorax-imitating-herpes-zoster
#20
Beata Bergler-Czop, Ligia Brzezinska-Wcislo, Bartosz Miziolek
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Annals of Saudi Medicine
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