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Concussion education

Melissa N Womble, Michael W Collins
Major advancements in sport-related concussion (SRC) management have been made across time to improve the safety of contact sports, including football. Nevertheless, these advances are often overlooked due to concerns regarding the potential long-term effects of SRC. Although further research is needed, it is critical that current efforts are focused on better understanding SRC in order to recognize and change ongoing factors leading to prolonged recoveries, increased risk for injury, and potentially long-term effects...
September 2016: American Journal of Orthopedics
David X Cifu, Olivia K Uchima, Alaina S Davis, Amy E Lower, Jingyu L Jin, Henry L Lew
Head injuries are a particular concern in Hawai'i given the large military population, the presence of many land and water sports such as football and surfing, and the lenient helmet laws for motorcycle and bicycle riders. Physical, psychological, and cognitive symptoms from single or repeated concussions can affect an individual's reentry to society and activity. Current literature indicates that repeated head injuries are associated with chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE) which is thought to lead to dementia...
September 2016: Hawai'i Journal of Medicine & Public Health: a Journal of Asia Pacific Medicine & Public Health
Mark W Swanson, Katherine K Weise, Laura E Dreer, James Johnston, Richard D Davis, Drew Ferguson, Matthew Heath Hale, Sara J Gould, Jennifer B Christy, Claudio Busettini, Sarah D Lee, Erin Swanson
PURPOSE: Academic difficulty is reported in children with prolonged post-concussive symptoms. Despite growing evidence that vestibular-ocular and vision-specific dysfunction are common in children after concussion, vision is rarely mentioned in return-to-learn protocols. The purpose of this project was to evaluate a cohort of children with prolonged post-concussive symptoms to determine if vision symptoms are associated with those reporting academic difficulty. METHODS: Data were obtained from the Children's of Alabama Concussion Clinic REDCap dataset from the period January 2007 to October 2013...
September 23, 2016: Optometry and Vision Science: Official Publication of the American Academy of Optometry
Tracy McDonald, Mark A Burghart, Niaman Nazir
Underreporting of concussions and concussion-like symptoms in athletes continues to be a serious medical concern and research focus. Despite mounting worry, little evidence exists examining incidence of underreporting and documenting characteristics of head injury in female athletes participating in high school sports. This study examined the self-reporting behaviors of female high school athletes. Seventy-seven athletes participated, representing 14 high school sports. Nearly half of the athletes (31 participants) reported a suspected concussion, with 10 of the 31 athletes refraining from reporting symptoms to training staff after injury...
September 2016: Journal of Trauma Nursing: the Official Journal of the Society of Trauma Nurses
Gary J Browne, Stefan Dimou
BACKGROUND: Awareness of concussive head injury continues to grow, aided by greater understanding of the neurobiological underpinnings of concussions and its short-term and long-term consequences. Younger players who are in the midst of their neurodevelopmental trajectory continue to be placed at risk; therefore, more must be done to educate clinicians, parents, coaches and players alike in this area. Our understanding of concussive injury is evolving and more integrated models of care are being developed so as to provide patients with the holistic model of care needed in the post-concussive context...
July 2016: Australian Family Physician
Tracy A Klein, Janessa M Graves
BACKGROUND: Nurse practitioners (NPs) are statutorily authorized to provide assessment and cognitive recommendations for concussion in most states. Their scope of practice includes assessment and management of concussion sequalae including anxiety, insomnia, and depression, as well as return to school and activity guidance. OBJECTIVES: Analysis of symptom-based diagnosis of mild traumatic brain injury (TBI) in adolescents, including return to school and school workload recommendations comparing psychiatric and nonpsychiatric NPs...
September 6, 2016: Journal of the American Psychiatric Nurses Association
Danielle M Graff, Kerry S Caperell
There is a new emphasis on the team approach to pediatric concussion management, particularly in the classroom. However, it is expected that educators are unfamiliar with the "Returning to Learning" recommendations. The authors' primary objective was to assess and improve high school educators' knowledge regarding concussions and management interventions using an online education tool. A total of 247 high school educators completed a 12 question pretest to assess core knowledge of concussions and classroom management followed by a 20-minute online literature-based education module...
September 2, 2016: Journal of Child Neurology
Mitchell L Doucette, Maria T Bulzacchelli, Tameka L Gillum, Jennifer M Whitehill
BACKGROUND: Reducing the incidence and negative consequences of concussion among youth athletes is a public health priority. In 2010, Massachusetts passed legislation aimed at addressing the issue of concussions in school athletics. We sought to understand local-level implementation decisions of the Massachusetts concussion law. METHODS: A qualitative multiple-case study approach was utilized. Semi-structured interviews with school-employed actors associated with the law's implementation were used for analysis...
September 2016: Journal of Law, Medicine & Ethics: a Journal of the American Society of Law, Medicine & Ethics
Kathleen R Bell, Jesse R Fann, Jo Ann Brockway, Wesley R Cole, Nigel E Bush, Sureyya Dikmen, Tessa Hart, Ariel J Lang, Gerald Grant, Gregory Gahm, Mark A Reger, Jef St De Lore, Joan Machamer, Karin Ernstrom, Rema Raman, Sonia Jain, Murray B Stein, Nancy Temkin
Mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) is a common injury for service members in recent military conflicts. There is insufficient evidence of how best to treat the consequences of mTBI. In a randomized, clinical trial, we evaluated the efficacy of telephone-delivered problem-solving treatment (PST) on psychological and physical symptoms in 356 post-deployment active duty service members from Joint Base Lewis McChord, Washington, and Fort Bragg, North Carolina. Members with medically confirmed mTBI sustained during deployment to Iraq and Afghanistan within the previous 24 months received PST or education-only (EO) interventions...
October 13, 2016: Journal of Neurotrauma
Alan L Zhang, David C Sing, Caitlin M Rugg, Brian T Feeley, Carlin Senter
BACKGROUND: Concussion injuries have been highlighted to the American public through media and research. While recent studies have shown increased traumatic brain injuries (TBIs) diagnosed in emergency departments across the United States, no studies have evaluated trends in concussion diagnoses across the general US population in various age groups. PURPOSE: To evaluate the current incidence and trends in concussions diagnosed across varying age groups and health care settings in a large cross-sectional population...
August 2016: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
R J Elbin, Alicia Sufrinko, Philip Schatz, Jon French, Luke Henry, Scott Burkhart, Michael W Collins, Anthony P Kontos
OBJECTIVE: Despite increases in education and awareness, many athletes continue to play with signs and symptoms of a sport-related concussion (SRC). The impact that continuing to play has on recovery is unknown. This study compared recovery time and related outcomes between athletes who were immediately removed from play and athletes who continued to play with an SRC. METHODS: A prospective, repeated measures design was used to compare neurocognitive performance, symptoms, and recovery time between 35 athletes (mean ± SD age, 15...
September 2016: Pediatrics
Anne W Hunt, Luciano De Feo, Jennifer Macintyre, Dayna Greenspoon, Talia Dick, Katherine Mah, Melissa Paniccia, Christine Provvidenza, Nick Reed
BACKGROUND: Concussion is a considerable public health problem in youth. However, identifying, understanding and implementing best evidence informed recovery guidelines may be challenging for families given the vast amount of information available in the public domains (e.g. Internet). The objective of this study was to develop, implement and evaluate the feasibility of an evidence-informed self-management education program for concussion recovery in youth. METHODS: Synthesis of best evidence, principles of knowledge translation and exchange, and expert opinion were integrated within a self-management program framework to develop a comprehensive curriculum...
2016: BMC Health Services Research
Lisa Kibria, Anne Fanning
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2016: Canadian Family Physician Médecin de Famille Canadien
Robert W Westermann, Zachary Y Kerr, Peter Wehr, Annuziato Amendola
BACKGROUND: Sports-related concussions (SRCs) have gained increased societal interest in the past decade. The National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) has implemented legislation and rule changes to decrease the incidence and risk of head injury impacts. The "targeting" rule forbids initiating contact with the crown of a helmet and targeting defenseless players in the head and neck area; however, there are concerns that this rule change has unintentionally led to an increased incidence of lower extremity injuries...
August 10, 2016: American Journal of Sports Medicine
Matthew E Eagles, David J Bradbury-Squires, Maria F Powell, Justin R Murphy, Graeme D Campbell, Falah B Maroun
BACKGROUND: The diagnosis of a sports-related concussion is often dependent on the athlete self-reporting their symptoms. It has been suggested that improving youth athlete knowledge and attitudes toward concussion may increase self-reporting behaviour. The objective of this study was to determine if a novel Concussion-U educational program improves knowledge of and attitudes about concussion among a cohort of elite male Bantam and Midget AAA hockey players. METHODS: Fifty-seven male Bantam and Midget AAA-level hockey players (mean age=14...
September 2016: Canadian Journal of Neurological Sciences. le Journal Canadien des Sciences Neurologiques
Emily Kroshus, Zachary Y Kerr, J D DeFreese, John T Parsons
Sport coaches can play an important role in shaping a team's approach to concussion safety through their communication with team members. However, across all sports, there is limited knowledge about factors that make coaches more or less likely to engage in safety-supportive communication. The objectives of this study were to assess the concussion-related knowledge and attitudes of wrestling coaches, as well as the extent to which they engage in autonomy-supportive coaching practices, and to determine how these factors are related to communication with athletes in support of concussion safety...
July 27, 2016: Health Communication
Emily Kroshus, Bernice R Garnett, Christine M Baugh, Jerel P Calzo
Concussion underreporting contributes to the substantial public health burden of concussions from sport. Teammates may be able to play an important role in encouraging injury identification and help seeking. This study assessed whether there was an association between beliefs about the consequences of continued play with a concussion and intentions to engage as a proactive bystander in facilitating or encouraging teammate help seeking for a possible concussion. Participants were 328 (male and female) members of 19 U...
August 2016: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
Meghan Murphy, Brandon A McCutcheon, Panagiotis Kerezoudis, Lorenzo Rinaldo, Daniel Levi Shepherd, Patrick R Maloney, Marcus J Gates, Mohamad Bydon
INTRODUCTION: Concussion diagnosis and management is a topic of interest for health care, education, and government professionals. Given the evidence concerning the association of long-term effects and cumulative insult of multiple concussions, we sought to identify risk factors in young athletes for repeat injury. METHODS: This study is a retrospective cohort analysis of our institution's series of pediatric sports related concussions. Patient demographics, characteristics, and clinical features of concussion were analyzed in an unadjusted fashion...
August 2016: Neurosurgery
Kirstin Weerdenburg, Suzan Schneeweiss, Ellen Koo, Kathy Boutis
OBJECTIVES: To determine the sensitivity of parental suspicion of concussion relative to paediatric emergency physicians in children who presented to an emergency department (ED) with a head injury. A secondary objective was to examine the variables associated with parental suspicion of concussion concordant with that of a physician. METHODS: Parents of children five to 18 years of age presenting to an urban paediatric ED with a nonstructural head injury completed a 24-item questionnaire...
April 2016: Paediatrics & Child Health
Ting Lei, Evgenii Belykh, Alexander B Dru, Kaan Yagmurlu, Ali M Elhadi, Peter Nakaji, Mark C Preul
Chen Jingrun (1933-1996), perhaps the most prodigious mathematician of his time, focused on the field of analytical number theory. His work on Waring's problem, Legendre's conjecture, and Goldbach's conjecture led to progress in analytical number theory in the form of "Chen's Theorem," which he published in 1966 and 1973. His early life was ravaged by the Second Sino-Japanese War and the Chinese Cultural Revolution. On the verge of solving Goldbach's conjecture in 1984, Chen was struck by a bicyclist while also bicycling and suffered severe brain trauma...
July 2016: Neurosurgical Focus
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