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Extracellular matric

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736995/controlled-exposure-of-bioactive-growth-factor-in-3d-amyloid-hydrogel-for-stem-cells-differentiation
#1
Subhadeep Das, Rakesh Kumar, Narendra Nath Jha, Samir K Maji
Amyloid based hydrogels can mimic the extracellular matrix and serve as matrices for tissue engineering both in vitro and in vivo. A pH responsive self-assembled amyloid hydrogel system is used to encapsulate various growth factors for driving stem cell differentiation toward neuronal lineage. Diffusion studies with fluorescence recovery after photobleaching and bulk release with the model protein fluorescein isothiocyanate-bovine serum albumin show that encapsulated protein molecules can be released in a sustained fashion from the hydrogel over a considerable period of time (30 d)...
July 24, 2017: Advanced Healthcare Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736980/diverse-roles-for-glycosaminoglycans-in-neural-patterning
#2
REVIEW
Kristian Saied-Santiago, Hannes E Bülow
The nervous system coordinates the functions of most multicellular organisms and, their response to the surrounding environment. Its development involves concerted cellular interactions, including migration, axon guidance and synapse formation. These processes depend on the molecular constituents and structure of the extracellular matrices (ECM). An essential component of ECMs are proteoglycans, i.e. proteins containing unbranched glycan chains known as glycosaminoglycans (GAGs). A defining characteristic of GAGs is their enormous molecular diversity, created by extensive modifications of the glycans during their biosynthesis...
July 24, 2017: Developmental Dynamics: An Official Publication of the American Association of Anatomists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723472/human-prostate-tissue-derived-extracellular-matrix-as-a-model-of-prostate-microenvironment
#3
Walter Cazzaniga, Manuela Nebuloni, Erika Longhi, Irene Locatelli, Raffaele Allevi, Roberta Lucianò, Gelsomina Senatore, Eugenio Ventimiglia, Vito Cucchiara, Luca Genovese, Francesco Montorsi, Massimo Alfano, Andrea Salonia, Ilaria Cavarretta
BACKGROUND: Clinical experience highlights the wide heterogeneity of primary prostate cancer (PPCa), even when potentially related to the same grade and stage. Currently available prediction tools and biomarkers do not always allow for early recognition of PPCa aggressive phenotype, sometimes making it impossible to distinguish among men harbouring indolent tumours or life-threatening disease. OBJECTIVE: To establish a novel ex vivo/in vitro model suitable to estimate the invasive phenotype of PPCa cells (PPCaC)...
October 2016: European Urology Focus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722281/collagen-organization-regulates-stretch-initiated-pain-related-neuronal-signals-in-vitro-implications-for-structure-function-relationships-in-innervated-ligaments
#4
Sijia Zhang, Sagar Singh, Beth A Winkelstein
Injury to the spinal facet capsule, an innervated ligament with heterogeneous collagen organization, produces pain. Although mechanical facet joint trauma activates embedded afferents, it is unclear if, and how, the varied extracellular microstructure of its ligament affects sensory transduction for pain from mechanical inputs. To investigate the effects of macroscopic deformations on afferents in collagen matrices with different organizations, an in vitro neuron-collagen construct (NCC) model was used. NCCs with either randomly organized or parallel aligned collagen fibers were used to mimic the varied microstructure in the facet capsular ligament...
July 19, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Research: Official Publication of the Orthopaedic Research Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722137/precise-and-arbitrary-deposition-of-biomolecules-onto-biomimetic-fibrous-matrices-for-spatially-controlled-cell-distribution-and-functions
#5
Chao Jia, Bowen Luo, Haoyu Wang, Yongqian Bian, Xueyong Li, Shaohua Li, Hongjun Wang
Advances in nano-/microfabrication allow the fabrication of biomimetic substrates for various biomedical applications. In particular, it would be beneficial to control the distribution of cells and relevant biomolecules on an extracellular matrix (ECM)-like substrate with arbitrary micropatterns. In this regard, the possibilities of patterning biomolecules and cells on nanofibrous matrices are explored here by combining inkjet printing and electrospinning. Upon investigation of key parameters for patterning accuracy and reproducibility, three independent studies are performed to demonstrate the potential of this platform for: i) transforming growth factor (TGF)-β1-induced spatial differentiation of fibroblasts, ii) spatiotemporal interactions between breast cancer cells and stromal cells, and iii) cancer-regulated angiogenesis...
July 19, 2017: Advanced Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715921/the-role-of-secreted-heat-shock-protein-90-hsp90-in-wound-healing-how-could-it-shape-future-therapeutics
#6
Jiacong Guo, Cheng Chang, Wei Li
Defects in tissue repair or wound healing pose a clinical, economic and social problem worldwide. Despite decades of studies, there have been few effective therapeutic treatments. Areas covered: We discuss the possible reasons for why growth factor therapy did not succeed. We point out the lack of human disorder-relevant animal models as another blockade for therapeutic development. We summarize the recent discovery of secreted heat shock protein-90 (Hsp90) as a novel wound healing agent. Expert commentary: Wound healing is a highly complex and multistep process that requires participations of many cell types, extracellular matrices and soluble molecules to work together in a spatial and temporal fashion within the wound microenvironment...
July 18, 2017: Expert Review of Proteomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715434/engineered-extracellular-matrices-with-controlled-mechanics-modulate-renal-proximal-tubular-cell-epithelialization
#7
Jeffrey A Beamish, Evan Chen, Andrew J Putnam
Acute kidney injury (AKI) is common and associated with significant morbidity and mortality. Recovery from many forms of AKI involves the proliferation of renal proximal tubular epithelial cells (RPTECs), but the influence of the microenvironment in which this recovery occurs remains poorly understood. Here we report the development of a poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG) hydrogel platform to study the influence of substrate mechanical properties on the proliferation of human RPTECs as a model for recovery from AKI...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713638/neurovascular-cell-sheet-transplantation-in-a-canine-model-of-intracranial-hemorrhage
#8
Woo-Jin Lee, Jong Young Lee, Keun-Hwa Jung, Soon-Tae Lee, Hyo Yeol Kim, Dong-Kyu Park, Jung-Suk Yu, So-Yun Kim, Daejong Jeon, Manho Kim, Sang Kun Lee, Jae-Kyu Roh, Kon Chu
Cell-based therapy for intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) has a great therapeutic potential. However, methods to effectively induce direct regeneration of the damaged neural tissue after cell transplantation have not been established, which, if done, would improve the efficacy of cell-based therapy. In this study, we aimed to develop a cell sheet with neurovasculogenic potential and evaluate its usefulness in a canine ICH model. We designed a composite cell sheet made of neural progenitors derived from human olfactory neuroepithelium and vascular progenitors from human adipose tissue-derived stromal cells...
2017: Cell Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711965/efficacy-of-an-extracellular-matrix-in-systemic-loading-conditions-in-congenital-heart-surgery
#9
Adeel Ashfaq, Amit Iyengar, Oh Jin Kwon, Mohammad S Soroya, Son Nguyen, Ryan Ou, Brian Reemtsen
Extracellular matrices (ECM) are commonly used to repair congenital heart defects; however, there is a lack of literature pertaining to outcomes with ECM use in high-pressure conditions. Between 2011 and 2014, a total of 202 patients underwent congenital heart disease repair using the ECM placed in a systemic pressure condition. The operative sites included: defects in the ventricular septum, mitral valve, aortic valve, ascending aorta, and aortic arch. Patients were followed and evaluated for mortality and reoperations due to loss of ECM integrity...
July 15, 2017: Pediatric Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697435/comparative-analysis-of-poly-glycolic-acid-based-hybrid-polymer-starter-matrices-for-in-vitro-tissue-engineering
#10
Melanie Generali, Debora Kehl, Andrew K Capulli, Kevin K Parker, Simon P Hoerstrup, Benedikt Weber
Biodegradable scaffold matrixes form the basis of any in vitro tissue engineering approach by acting as a temporary matrix for cell proliferation and extracellular matrix deposition until the scaffold is replaced by neo-tissue. In this context several synthetic polymers have been investigated, however a concise systematic comparative analyses is missing. Therefore, the present study systematically compares three frequently used polymers for the in vitro engineering of extracellular matrix based on poly-glycolic acid (PGA) under static as well as dynamic conditions...
July 1, 2017: Colloids and Surfaces. B, Biointerfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28683315/laminin-levels-regulate-tissue-migration-and-anterior-posterior-polarity-during-egg-morphogenesis-in-drosophila
#11
María C Díaz de la Loza, Alfonsa Díaz-Torres, Federico Zurita, Alicia E Rosales-Nieves, Emad Moeendarbary, Kristian Franze, María D Martín-Bermudo, Acaimo González-Reyes
Basement membranes (BMs) are specialized extracellular matrices required for tissue organization and organ formation. We study the role of laminin and its integrin receptor in the regulation of tissue migration during Drosophila oogenesis. Egg production in Drosophila involves the collective migration of follicle cells (FCs) over the BM to shape the mature egg. We show that laminin content in the BM increases with time, whereas integrin amounts in FCs do not vary significantly. Manipulation of integrin and laminin levels reveals that a dynamic balance of integrin-laminin amounts determines the onset and speed of FC migration...
July 5, 2017: Cell Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28676875/fibroblast-fate-regulation-by-time-dependent-tgf-%C3%AE-1-and-il-10-stimulation-in-biomimetic-3d-matrices
#12
Jiranuwat Sapudom, Xiancheng Wu, Marina Chkolnikov, Michael Ansorge, Ulf Anderegg, Tilo Pompe
The presentation of TGF-β1 during the early stage of wound healing is a prerequisite for extracellular matrix (ECM) synthesis and remodeling by activated fibroblasts, called myofibroblasts. At later stages, clearance of myofibroblasts is needed to avoid overshooting ECM production. Apoptosis of myofibroblasts and the macrophage-released anti-inflammatory cytokine IL-10 are controversially discussed as regulating cues in this context. To reveal the regulating cues, defined biomaterial scaffolds are needed to conduct in-depth in vitro studies in a physiologically relevant context...
July 5, 2017: Biomaterials Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28672214/polysaccharide-matrices-used-in-3d-in%C3%A2-vitro-cell-culture-systems
#13
REVIEW
Dorina Diekjürgen, David W Grainger
Polysaccharides comprise a diverse class of polymeric materials with a history of proven biocompatibility and continual use as biomaterials. Recent focus on new matrices appropriate for three-dimensional (3D) cell culture offers new opportunities to apply polysaccharides as extracellular matrix mimics. However, chemical and structural bases for specific cell-polysaccharide interactions essential for their utility as 3-D cell matrices are not well defined. This review describes how these naturally sourced biomaterials satisfy several key properties for current 3D cell culture needs and can also be synthetically modified or blended with additional components to tailor their cell engagement properties...
June 21, 2017: Biomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28662401/fibrillin-2-and-tenascin-c-bridge-the-age-gap-in-lung-epithelial-regeneration
#14
Sarah E Gilpin, Qiyao Li, Daniele Evangelista-Leite, Xi Ren, Dieter P Reinhardt, Brian L Frey, Harald C Ott
Organ engineering based on native matrix scaffolds involves combining regenerative cell populations with corresponding biological matrices to form functional grafts on-demand. The extracellular matrix (ECM) that is retained following lung decellularization provides essential structure and biophysical cues for whole organ regeneration after recellularization. The unique ECM composition in the early post-natal lung, during active alveologenesis, may possess distinct signals that aid in driving cell adhesion, survival, and proliferation...
June 22, 2017: Biomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28659999/biological-effects-of-phosphocitrate-on-osteoarthritic-articular-chondrocytes
#15
Yubo Sun, Atiya M Franklin, David R Mauerhan, Edward N Hanley
BACKGROUND: Phosphocitrate (PC) inhibits osteoarthritis (OA) in Hartley guinea pigs. However, the underlying molecular mechanisms remain poorly understood. OBJECTIVE: This study sought to examine the biological effect of PC on OA chondrocytes and test the hypothesis that PC may exert its OA disease modifying effect, in part, by inhibiting the expression of genes implicated in OA disease process and stimulating the production of extracellular matrices. METHOD: OA chondrocytes were cultured in the absence or presence of PC...
2017: Open Rheumatology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28652253/spin90-depletion-and-microtubule-acetylation-mediate-stromal-fibroblast-activation-in-breast-cancer-progression
#16
Eunae You, Yun Hyun Huh, Ahreum Kwon, So Hee Kim, In Hee Chae, Ok-Jun Lee, Je-Hwang Ryu, Min Ho Park, Ga-Eon Kim, Ji Shin Lee, Kun Ho Lee, Yong-Seok Lee, Jung-Woong Kim, Sangmyung Rhee, Woo Keun Song
Biomechanical remodeling of stroma by cancer-associated fibroblasts (CAF) in early stages of cancer is critical for cancer progression, and mechanical cues such as extracellular matrix stiffness control cell differentiation and malignant progression. However, the mechanism by which CAF activation occurs in low stiffness stroma in early stages of cancer is unclear. Here we investigated the molecular mechanism underlying CAF regulation by SPIN90 and microtubule acetylation under conditions of mechanically soft matrices corresponding to normal stromal rigidity...
June 26, 2017: Cancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650004/a-collagen-telopeptide-binding-peptide-shows-potential-in-aiding-collagen-bundle-formation-and-fibril-orientation
#17
Wenyu Yang, Lin Li, Guanghao Su, Zhe Zhang, Yiting Cao, Xuemin Li, Yanping Shi, Qiqing Zhang
Type I collagen, the main component of the extracellular matrix (ECM), assembles into bundles, which are then arranged in an orderly manner in many tissues. Various in vitro methods have been developed to mimic this native characteristic to create aligned, collagen-based materials for constructing tissue-engineered organs. In this study, we examined a new strategy to enhance collagen bundle formation and fibril orientation through administration of a collagen telopeptide binding peptide (CTBP). We found that CTBP, or a double-armed CTBP-PEG-CTBP derivative, could interact with both individual collagen molecules and fibrils...
June 26, 2017: Biomaterials Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643700/a-design-of-experiments-doe-approach-to-identify-the-influencing-parameters-that-determine-poly-d-l-lactic-acid-pdlla-electrospun-scaffold-morphologies
#18
Floor Agnes Andrea Ruiter, Cameron Alexander, Felicity Rose, Joel Segal
Electrospun fibrous materials have increasing applications in regenerative medicine due to the similarity of fibre constructs to the morphology of certain extracellular matrices. Although experimentally the electrospinning method is relatively simple, at the theoretical level the interactions between process parameters and their influence on the fibre morphology is not yet fully understood. Here, we hypothesised that a design of experiments (DoE) model could determine combinations of process parameters that result in significant effects on poly-D,L-lactic acid (PDLLA) fibre morphology...
June 23, 2017: Biomedical Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641554/future-of-spermatogonial-stem-cell-culture-application-of-nanofiber-scaffolds
#19
Azar Shams, Neda Eslahi, Mansoureh Movahedin, Fariborz Izadyar, Hamidreza Asgari, Morteza Koruji
The spermatogonial stem cells (SSCs) are unique in mammals because they can transmit genetic information from generation to generation and it is of significant importance. In testes, Sertoli cells, peritubular myoid cells, Leydig cells and other interstitial cells contribute to the spermatogonial stem cell "niche". So, creation of niche in in vitro condition that mimics in vivo environment is essential to maintain functional characteristic of SSCs. Nanofiber matrices mimic the architecture and size scale of the natural extracellular matrix (ECM)...
June 22, 2017: Current Stem Cell Research & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634957/bioprinting-of-3d-tissue-models-using-decellularized-extracellular-matrix-bioink
#20
Falguni Pati, Dong-Woo Cho
Bioprinting provides an exciting opportunity to print and pattern all the components that make up a tissue-cells and extracellular matrix (ECM) material-in three dimensions (3D) to generate tissue analogues. A large number of materials have been used for making bioinks; however, majority of them cannot represent the complexity of natural ECM and thus are unable to reconstitute the intrinsic cellular morphologies and functions. We present here a method for making of bioink from decellularized extracellular matrices (dECMs) and a protocol for bioprinting of cell-laden constructs with this novel bioink...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
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