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Texture analysis

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325002/radiomic-analysis-of-multi-contrast-brain-mri-for-the-prediction-of-survival-in-patients-with-glioblastoma-multiforme
#1
Ahmad Chaddad, Christian Desrosiers, Matthew Toews
Image texture features are effective at characterizing the microstructure of cancerous tissues. This paper proposes predicting the survival times of glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) patients using texture features extracted in multi-contrast brain MRI images. Texture features are derived locally from contrast enhancement, necrosis and edema regions in T1-weighted post-contrast and fluid-attenuated inversion-recovery (FLAIR) MRIs, based on the gray-level co-occurrence matrix representation. A statistical analysis based on the Kaplan-Meier method and log-rank test is used to identify the texture features related with the overall survival of GBM patients...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324164/novel-intraoperative-use-of-the-tensipresser-to-assess-factors-predictive-of-pancreatic-fistula-after-pancreaticoduodenectomy
#2
Manabu Mikamori, Kunihito Gotoh, Hidenori Takahashi, Hirofumi Akita, Akira Tomokuni, Shogo Kobayashi, Masayuki Ohue, Yoshiyuki Fujiwara, Masahiko Yano, Osamu Ishikawa, Masato Sakon
PURPOSES: Pancreatic fistula (PF) is a challenging complication of pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD). 'Soft pancreas' is reported as a risk factor for PF; however, palpation by the surgeon is not an objective method of evaluating pancreatic texture. We conducted this study to investigate whether a texture analyzer called a "Tensipresser" can be used to quantify pancreatic tissue hardness and predict the development of postoperative PF. METHODS: We assessed pancreatic texture in 85 patients who underwent PD...
March 21, 2017: Surgery Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319652/effect-of-freezing-rate-and-microwave-thawing-on-texture-and-microstructural-properties-of-potato-solanum-tuberosum
#3
David M Phinney, John C Frelka, Anita Wickramasinghe, Dennis R Heldman
Food freezing is a preservation process that works by lowering temperature while simultaneously decreasing water activity. It is accepted that although freezing preserves foods, it generally has a negative effect on textural quality. This research investigated the texture response of potatoes (Solanum tuberosum) as a function of time to freeze (defined as the time for the center temperature to reach -20 °C) and thawing process. Potatoes slices (6 mm) were blanched then frozen in an ethanol/carbon dioxide bath, a pilot scale high velocity air freezer (HVAF) and a still air freezer to achieve various times to freeze...
March 20, 2017: Journal of Food Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319274/intraoperative-optical-coherence-tomography-for-soft-tissue-sarcoma-differentiation-and-margin-identification
#4
Kelly J Mesa, Laura E Selmic, Paritosh Pande, Guillermo L Monroy, Jennifer Reagan, Jonathan Samuelson, Elizabeth Driskell, Joanne Li, Marina Marjanovic, Eric J Chaney, Stephen A Boppart
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Sarcomas are rare but highly aggressive tumors, and local recurrence after surgical excision can occur in up to 50% cases. Therefore, there is a strong clinical need for accurate tissue differentiation and margin assessment to reduce incomplete resection and local recurrence. The purpose of this study was to investigate the use of optical coherence tomography (OCT) and a novel image texture-based processing algorithm to differentiate sarcoma from muscle and adipose tissue...
March 20, 2017: Lasers in Surgery and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317721/cryoprotective-roles-of-trehalose-and-alginate-oligosaccharides-during-frozen-storage-of-peeled-shrimp-litopenaeus-vannamei
#5
Bin Zhang, Hai-Xiao Wu, Hui-Cheng Yang, Xing-Wei Xiang, Hai-Bo Li, Shang-Gui Deng
Cryoprotective saccharides are widely accepted additives that reduce thawing loss, maintain texture, and retard protein denaturation in the frozen seafood. The present study aimed to investigate the roles of trehalose and alginate oligosaccharides on cryoprotection of frozen shrimp, primarily focusing on the interactions between myosin and saccharide molecules using a molecular dynamics (MD) simulation analysis. The results indicated that soaking in the trehalose and alginate oligosaccharides solutions markedly reduced thawing and cooking losses in frozen shrimp, with respective values decreasing to 6...
August 1, 2017: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317553/dietary-reconstruction-of-the-el-sidr%C3%A3-n-neandertal-familial-group%C3%A2-spain-in-the-context-of-other-neandertal-and-modern-hunter-gatherer-groups-a-molar-microwear-texture-analysis
#6
Almudena Estalrrich, Sireen El Zaatari, Antonio Rosas
Here, we present the analysis of occlusal molar microwear textures of eight individuals from the El Sidrón Neandertal group (Spain). The aims of the study were: 1) to document potential age-, sex-, and maternal lineage-related differences in diet within a Neandertal familial group, and 2) to place the diet of El Sidrón individuals in the context of those of other Neandertal groups. This study also offers an interpretation of the diet of the El Sidrón Neandertals by comparing their microwear signatures to those of recent hunter-gatherer populations with diverse but known diets...
March 2017: Journal of Human Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314916/texture-analysis-of-the-liver-at-mdct-for-assessing-hepatic-fibrosis
#7
Meghan G Lubner, Kyle Malecki, John Kloke, Balaji Ganeshan, Perry J Pickhardt
PURPOSE: To evaluate CT texture analysis (CTTA) for staging of hepatic fibrosis (stages F0-F4) METHODS: Quantitative texture analysis (QTA) of the liver was performed on abdominal MDCT scans using commercially available software (TexRAD), which uses a filtration-histogram statistic-based technique. Single-slice ROI measurements of the total liver, Couinaud segments IV-VIII, and segments I-III were obtained. CTTA parameters were correlated against fibrosis stage (F0-F4), with biopsy performed within one year for all cases with intermediate fibrosis (F1-F3)...
March 17, 2017: Abdominal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314191/robust-detection-and-segmentation-of-cell-nuclei-in-biomedical-images-based-on-a-computational-topology-framework
#8
Rodrigo Rojas-Moraleda, Wei Xiong, Niels Halama, Katja Breitkopf-Heinlein, Steven Dooley, Luis Salinas, Dieter W Heermann, Nektarios A Valous
The segmentation of cell nuclei is an important step towards the automated analysis of histological images. The presence of a large number of nuclei in whole-slide images necessitates methods that are computationally tractable in addition to being effective. In this work, a method is developed for the robust segmentation of cell nuclei in histological images based on the principles of persistent homology. More specifically, an abstract simplicial homology approach for image segmentation is established. Essentially, the approach deals with the persistence of disconnected sets in the image, thus identifying salient regions that express patterns of persistence...
March 6, 2017: Medical Image Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314154/streamlined-approach-to-mapping-the-magnetic-induction-of-skyrmionic-materials
#9
Jordan J Chess, Sergio A Montoya, Tyler R Harvey, Colin Ophus, Simon Couture, Vitaliy Lomakin, Eric E Fullerton, Benjamin J McMorran
Recently, Lorentz transmission electron microscopy (LTEM) has helped researchers advance the emerging field of magnetic skyrmions. These magnetic quasi-particles, composed of topologically non-trivial magnetization textures, have a large potential for application as information carriers in low-power memory and logic devices. LTEM is one of a very few techniques for direct, real-space imaging of magnetic features at the nanoscale. For Fresnel-contrast LTEM, the transport of intensity equation (TIE) is the tool of choice for quantitative reconstruction of the local magnetic induction through the sample thickness...
February 28, 2017: Ultramicroscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28304378/generating-highly-accurate-prediction-hypotheses-through-collaborative-ensemble-learning
#10
Nino Arsov, Martin Pavlovski, Lasko Basnarkov, Ljupco Kocarev
Ensemble generation is a natural and convenient way of achieving better generalization performance of learning algorithms by gathering their predictive capabilities. Here, we nurture the idea of ensemble-based learning by combining bagging and boosting for the purpose of binary classification. Since the former improves stability through variance reduction, while the latter ameliorates overfitting, the outcome of a multi-model that combines both strives toward a comprehensive net-balancing of the bias-variance trade-off...
March 17, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302965/applications-of-ionic-liquids-for-the-development-of-optical-chemical-sensors-and-biosensors
#11
Svetlana V Muginova, Dina A Myasnikova, Sergei G Kazarian, Tatiana N Shekhovtsova
This paper reviews the primary literature reporting the use of ionic liquids (ILs) in optical sensing technologies. The optical chemical sensors that have been developed with the assistance of ILs are classified according to the type of resultant material. Key aspects of applying ILs in such sensors are revealed and discussed. They include using ILs as solvents for the synthesis of sensor matrix materials; additives in polymer matrices; matrix materials; modifiers of the surfaces; and multifunctional sensor components...
2017: Analytical Sciences: the International Journal of the Japan Society for Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298641/risk-factors-of-postoperative-pancreatic-fistula-in-patients-after-distal-pancreatectomy-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#12
Yun-Peng Peng, Xiao-Le Zhu, Ling-Di Yin, Yi Zhu, Ji-Shu Wei, Jun-Li Wu, Yi Miao
Postoperative pancreatic fistula (POPF) is a common complication following distal pancreatectomy (DP). However, the risk factors of this complication in patients after DP still remain controversial. The aim of our study is to estimate the association between potential risk factors and POPF. Relevant articles published up to June 21, 2016 were identified via PubMed, EMBASE, Web of Science, and The Cochrane Library. Studies that examined the risk factors of POPF following DP were enrolled. 20 articles (2070 patients) were finally included in this study...
March 15, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28297460/a-noise-power-spectrum-study-of-a-new-model-based-iterative-reconstruction-system-veo-3-0
#13
Guang Li, Xinming Liu, Cristina T Dodge, Corey T Jensen, X John Rong
The purpose of this study was to evaluate performance of the third generation of model-based iterative reconstruction (MBIR) system, Veo 3.0, based on noise power spectrum (NPS) analysis with various clinical presets over a wide range of clinically applicable dose levels. A CatPhan 600 surrounded by an oval, fat-equivalent ring to mimic patient size/shape was scanned 10 times at each of six dose levels on a GE HD 750 scanner. NPS analysis was performed on images reconstructed with various Veo 3.0 preset combinations for comparisons of those images reconstructed using Veo 2...
September 2016: Journal of Applied Clinical Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28296767/fractal-analysis-of-subchondral-bone-changes-of-the-hand-in-rheumatoid-arthritis
#14
Shahin Zandieh, Joerg Haller, Reinhard Bernt, Klaus Hergan, Eva Rath
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic and systemic inflammatory disorder. Conventional radiography, a widely available and cost-effective examination method, remains the standard of reference for the detection and quantification of joint involvement in RA. Fractal dimension (FD) of the trabecular bone structure has been proven to correlate with the bone's physical properties. The present study was designed to use fractal analysis to validate radiograph changes in the hand of RA patients.This study retrospectively evaluated the hand radiographs of 108 subjects...
March 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295386/an-integrated-segmentation-and-shape-based-classification-scheme-for-distinguishing-adenocarcinomas-from-granulomas-on-lung-ct
#15
Mehdi Alilou, Niha Beig, Mahdi Orooji, Anant Madabhushi, Prabhakar Rajiah, Michael Yang, Robert Gilkeson, Philip Linden, Vamsidhar Velcheti, Sagar Rakshit, Niyoti Reddy, Frank Jacono
PURPOSE: Distinguishing between benign granulmoas and adenocarcinomas is confounded by their similar visual appearance on routine CT scans. Unfortunately, owing to the inability to discriminate these lesions radigraphically, many patients with benign granulomas are subjected to unnecessary surgical wedge resections and biopsies for pathologic confirmation of cancer presence or absence. This suggests the need for improved computerized characterization of these nodules in order to distinguish between these two classes of lesions on CT scans...
March 14, 2017: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292699/improved-method-for-effective-rock-microporosity-estimation-using-x-ray-microtomography
#16
H E Cid, G Carrasco-Núñez, V C Manea
Petrophysical analysis using X-ray microtomography provides key textural and compositional information, useful to investigate porous media characteristics of hydrocarbon and geothermal reservoirs. Several approaches, used for rock porosity estimation from tomography data, rely mainly on visual or mathematical segmentation algorithms that attempt to obtain thresholding values to segment a phase solved by pixel analysis resolution. Therefore, porosity is evaluated using only pores above pixel resolution (macroporosity), and dismiss pores sized less than the pixel resolution (microporosity) that can be essential to characterize permeability conditions of geothermal reservoirs...
January 22, 2017: Micron: the International Research and Review Journal for Microscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290301/in-vitro-protein-digestibility-of-pork-products-is-affected-by-the-method-of-processing
#17
Li Li, Yuan Liu, Xiaoyu Zou, Jing He, Xinglian Xu, Guanghong Zhou, Chunbao Li
Processing contributes to different flavors and textures of pork products. However, processing methods have also showed a great impact on meat nutrition. In this study, protein digestibility and digested products were compared among four kinds of processed pork products (cooked pork, emulsion-type sausage, dry-cured pork and stewed pork). Cooked samples were homogenized and digested by pepsin and trypsin. The digestibility of meat proteins was evaluated by particle size measurement, SDS-PAGE, and LC-MS/MS. Emulsion-type sausage had the highest digestibility and the lowest particle size (P<0...
February 2017: Food Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290289/gaining-deeper-insight-into-aroma-perception-an-integrative-study-of-the-oral-processing-of-breads-with-different-structures
#18
S Jourdren, A Saint-Eve, B Pollet, M Panouillé, P Lejeune, E Guichard, I Déléris, I Souchon
The objective of this study was to investigate for the first time the influence of bread structure, volatile compounds, and oral processing on aroma perception. 3 types of French baguette were created using the same raw ingredients but different bread-making processes; they consequently varied in their crumb and crust structures. We characterized the initial volatile profiles of two bread structural subtypes-namely bread crumb and bread crumb with crust-using proton transfer reaction-mass spectrometry (PTR-MS) headspace analysis...
February 2017: Food Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290279/storage-related-changes-of-cell-wall-based-dietary-fiber-components-of-broccoli-brassica-oleracea-var-italica-stems
#19
Judith Schäfer, Luisa Stanojlovic, Bernhard Trierweiler, Mirko Bunzel
Storage related changes in the cell wall composition potentially affect the texture of plant-based foods and the physiological effects of cell wall based dietary fiber components. Therefore, a detailed characterization of cell wall polysaccharides and lignins from broccoli stems was performed. Freshly harvested broccoli and broccoli stored at 20°C and 1°C for different periods of time were analyzed. Effects on dietary fiber contents, polysaccharide composition, and on lignin contents/composition were much more pronounced during storage at 20°C than at 1°C...
March 2017: Food Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288857/a-reductionist-approach-to-extract-robust-molecular-markers-from-microarray-data-series-isolating-markers-to-track-osseointegration
#20
Anwesha Barik, Satarupa Banerjee, Santanu Dhara, Nishant Chakravorty
Complexities in the full genome expression studies hinder the extraction of tracker genes to analyze the course of biological events. In this study, we demonstrate the applications of supervised machine learning methods to reduce the irrelevance in microarray data series and thereby extract robust molecular markers to track biological processes. The methodology has been illustrated by analyzing whole genome expression studies on bone-implant integration (ossointegration). Being a biological process, osseointegration is known to leave a trail of genetic footprint during the course...
March 10, 2017: Journal of Biomedical Informatics
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