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Nasal, rhino

A Schaller, C Metz-Favre, L Guenard-Bilbaut, F De Blay
The Fernand Widal syndrome is a set of associations between asthma, nasal polyposis and aspirin sensitivity. Selective cyclo-oxygenase 2 (COX 2) inhibitors are recognized as being a therapeutic alternative in cases needing analgesic or anti-inflammatory treatment. In a retrospective study, we have compiled data concerning oral provocation tests (OPT) undertaken with celecoxib, one of most the selective COX 2 inhibitors, in eight patients with the Fernand Widal syndrome. They were compared with twenty-seven control patients with sensitivity to aspirin or non-steroidal anti-inflammatories, manifesting as asthma, urticaria or rhino-conjunctivitis...
February 17, 2018: Revue des Maladies Respiratoires
F Simon, M Haggard, R M Rosenfeld, H Jia, S Peer, M-N Calmels, V Couloigner, N Teissier
Otitis media with effusion (OME) is a common childhood disease defined as the presence of liquid in the middle ear without signs or symptoms of acute ear infection. Children can be impacted mainly with hearing impairment and/or co-occurring recurrent acute otitis media (AOM) thus requiring treatment. Although many meta-analyses and national guidelines have been issued, management remains difficult to standardize, and use of surgical and medical treatments continue to vary. We convened an international consensus conference as part of the 2017 International Federation of Oto-rhino-laryngological Societies Congress, to identify best practices in OME management...
February 2, 2018: European Annals of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Diseases
K Vogt, G Bachmann-Harildstad, A Lintermann, A Nechyporenko, F Peters, K D Wernecke
The report reflects an agreement based on the consensus conference of the International Standardization Committee on the Objective Assessment of the Nasal Airway in Riga, 2nd Nov. 2016. The aim of the conference was to address the existing nasal airway function tests and to take into account physical, mathematical and technical correctness as a base of international standardization as well as the requirements of the Council Directive 93/42/EEC of 14 June 1993 concerning medical devices. Rhinomanometry, acoustic rhinometry, peak nasal inspiratory flow, Odiosoft-Rhino, optical rhinometry, 24-h measurements, computational fluid dynamics, nasometry and the mirrow test were evaluated for important diagnostic criteria, which are the precision of the equipment including calibration and the software applied; validity with sensitivity, specificity, positive and negative predictive values, reliability with intra-individual and inter-individual reproducibility and responsiveness in clinical studies...
January 21, 2018: Rhinology
Joanna Nowosielska-Grygiel, Piotr Pietkiewicz, Kalina Owczarek, Jurek Olszewski, Jarosław Miłoński
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to analyse the occurrence of inverted papillomas of the nose and paranasal sinuses in patients that underwent endoscopic sinus surgery in our department. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Between 2006 and 2016, 3,574 patients underwent surgery due to paranasal sinus diseases. Patients were qualified for surgery based on medical history, computed tomography, and laboratory tests. Data were gathered from medical files, and they included age, sex, and histopathological diagnosis...
December 30, 2017: Otolaryngologia Polska
I Z Iqbal, G H Jones, N Dawe, C Mamais, M E Smith, R J Williams, I Kuhn, S Carrie
BACKGROUND: The mainstay of management of epistaxis refractory to first aid and cautery is intranasal packing. This review aimed to identify evidence surrounding nasal pack use. METHOD: A systematic review of the literature was performed using standardised methodology. RESULTS: Twenty-seven eligible articles were identified relating to non-dissolvable packs and nine to dissolvable packs. Nasal packing appears to be more effective when applied by trained professionals...
December 2017: Journal of Laryngology and Otology
M Casale, A Pace, A Moffa, P Vella, L Sabatino, M A Lopez, F Salvinelli
We prospectively evaluated the efficacy of nebulized Hyaluronic Acid (HA) as an adjuvant treatment to hasten the improvement of nasal respiration and to minimize patients’ discomfort in the postoperative functional endoscopic sinus surgery (FESS) for chronic rhino-sinusitis (CRS). We enrolled 33 CRS adult patients who underwent endoscopic functional sinus surgery. They were randomly assigned into two groups: Spray-Sol group (18 patients) with HA nebulized with a new nasal device named Spray-Sol and Spray group (15 patients) with a HA nebulized with a common spray...
December 27, 2017: Journal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents
Sveva Castelli, Stefania Arasi, Ruby Pawankar, Paolo M Matricardi
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The identification of immunological markers in nasal secretions and tears is becoming essential in the study of allergic diseases. The collection procedure of nasal and ocular secretions directly influences the results, thus it is of paramount importance to validate and standardize the sampling process. RECENT FINDINGS: Current techniques for nasal secretions sampling are mainly based on three principles: collection of spontaneous secretions, nasal washings, and absorption...
February 2018: Current Opinion in Allergy and Clinical Immunology
Atsushi Yuta, Yukiko Ogawa, Yusuke Suzuki, Hitomi Ogihara, Nobuo Ohta, Hideaki Kozaki, Takeshi Shimizu
It past 3 years in 2017 after the first purchase of the drug for sublingual immunotherapy (SLIT) for Japanese Cedar pollinosis (JCP). We reported the clinical efficacy of SLIT in the first and the second treated year. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to clear the clinical efficacy of SLIT in the third treated year by comparing with other therapies, such as subcutaneous immunotherapy (SCIT), or other pharmacotherapy. METHODS: We compared the clinical efficacy in 2017, of 112 SLIT in the third treated year with 38 SCIT, 364 primary pharmacotherapy that started therapies before pollen dispersal, 254 pharmacotherapy that started therapies after pollen disposal, or 333 non-treatment...
2017: Arerugī, [Allergy]
Pratibha Singhi, Arushi Gahlot Saini
Central nervous system fungal infections can be broadly divided into those that infect a healthy host such as Cryptococcus, Coccidioides, Histoplasma, Blastomyces, Sporothrix spp., and those that cause opportunistic infections in an immunocompromised host such as Candida, Aspergillus, Zygomycetes, Trichosporon spp. The clinical manifestations of central nervous system fungal infections commonly seen in children in clinical practice include a chronic meningitis or meningoencephalitis syndrome, brain abscess, rhino-cerebral syndrome and rarely, a fungal ventriculitis...
November 11, 2017: Indian Journal of Pediatrics
Luisa Maria Bellussi, Serena Cocca, Giulio Cesare Passali, Desideri Passali
Introduction  This study is a systematic review on recent developments about the importance of HMGB1 protein in the pathogenesis of rhino-sinusal inflammatory diseases. We also report data on the use of 18-β-glycyrrhetic acid (GA), which has been shown able to inhibit the pro-inflammatory activities of HMGB1, in young patients affected by allergic rhinitis and complaining of nasal obstruction as main symptom. Objectives  The objective of this study was to review the literature to demonstrate the importance of HMGB1 in the pathogenesis of nasal inflammatory disorders and understand whether the inhibition of this protein may be an efficacious and innovative therapeutic strategy for patients with rhino-sinusal inflammation...
October 2017: International Archives of Otorhinolaryngology
Rico Schellhorn
Extant rhinoceroses share the characteristic nasal horn, although the number and size of horns varies among the five species. Although all species are herbivores, their dietary preferences, occipital shapes, and common head postures vary. Traditionally, to predict the "usual" head posture (the most used head posture of animals during normal unstressed activities, i.e., standing) of rhinos, the occipital shape was used. While a backward inclined occiput implies a downward hanging head (often found in grazers), a forward inclined occiput is related to the horizontal head posture in browsing rhinos...
September 26, 2017: Journal of Morphology
Karolina Kowalczyk, Hieronim Frąckowiak
Considerable consistency in the arterial pattern of the head has been observed in species of Artiodactyla, but few studies have examined the order Perissodactyla. Here, we describe arteries supplying the intermandibular, mental, masseteric, buccal, labial, and nasal regions in eight perissodactylans, including representing of all families comprising this order. Observations were made on a total of 45 preparations of head arteries, obtained by injection of arteries with acetone-dissolved stained vinyl superchloride or stained latex LBS3060...
July 6, 2017: Anatomical Record: Advances in Integrative Anatomy and Evolutionary Biology
E V Nosulya, I A Kim
The objective of the present work was to summarize the results of clinical studies designed to evaluate the effectiveness of 'Momate Rhino Advance' in the form of the nasal spray (based on the fixed combination of mometasone furoate and azelastine) that finds an increasingly wide application for the treatment of allergic rhinitis. The available data give evidence that this medication can be prescribed to the patients presenting with the severe and moderate form of allergic rhinitis. The treatment should be started with the use of the combined preparation and continued, after the adequate control of the clinical symptoms of allergic rhinitis is achieved, using 'Momate Rhino' during the next 2-4 weeks for the reliable management of the disease...
2017: Vestnik Otorinolaringologii
Jian-Jun Ren, Yu Zhao, Jing Wang, Xue Ren, Yang Xu, Wenlong Tang, Zhaoping He
Objectives We aimed to confirm the presence of pepsinA in the nasal secretions and tissues of chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) patients and reveal the relationship between CRS and laryngopharyngeal reflux (LPR). Study Design Cross-sectional study. Setting The study was conducted at the Department of Oto-Rhino-Laryngology, West China Hospital, Sichuan University. Subjects and Methods A total of 32 CRS patients with or without nasal polyps (CRSwNP and CRSsNP, respectively) and 10 normal controls were enrolled in our study...
May 2017: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
Yan-Xia Chen, Yin-Xi He, Hong Zhou, Mian Wang, Sheng-Ou Su
With the ongoing economic development, lifestyle changes and an aging population, diabetes mellitus has be come one of the most prevalent chronic diseases in the world. Rhino-orbito-cerebral (ROC) mucormycosis is a rare, acute and angioinvasive fungal infection that can be fatal. Mucormycosis occurs exclusively in immunocompromised patients with diabetes mellitus and other types of immunodeficiency and has three subtypes: Rhino-maxillary, rhino-orbital and ROC mucormycosis. The present study reported on a case of ROC mucormycosis in a patient with diabetic ketoacidosis...
March 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
A Addison, C Paul, R Kuo, A Lamyman, P Martinez-Devesa, R Hettige
BACKGROUND: To derive and validate a predictive scoring tool (RHINO-ooze score) with good sensitivity and specificity in identifying patients with epistaxis at high risk of 30 day readmission and to enable risk stratification for possible definitive intervention. METHODS: Using medical databases, we searched for factors influencing recurrent epistaxis. The information ascertained together with our analysis of retrospective data on patients admitted with epistaxis between October 2013 and September 2014, was used as the derivation cohort to develop the predictive scoring model (RHINO-ooze score)...
June 1, 2017: Rhinology
Santhosh Narayanan, Geetha Panarkandy, Gomathy Subramaniam, Chandni Radhakrishnan, N K Thulaseedharan, Neeraj Manikath, Sreejith Ramaswamy, Suma Radhakrishnan, Danish Ekkalayil
Mucormycosis is a life-threatening infection affecting patients with diabetes. It is an angioinvasive disease often resistant to treatment with a debilitating course and high mortality. Here, we report a case of a 45 year old woman with type 2 diabetes mellitus who presented to us with history of right-sided ptosis and facial palsy, and subsequently developed loss of vision and palatal palsy. She was in diabetic ketoacidosis. Nervous system examination revealed involvement of right second, third, fourth, sixth, seventh, ninth, and tenth cranial nerves, suggestive of Garcin syndrome...
2017: Infection and Drug Resistance
Ammu Sreeparvathi, Lathi Kumari Kalyanikuttyamma, Madhumita Kumar, Nandagopan Sreekumar, Narendrakumar Veerasigamani
INTRODUCTION: Chronic Rhino Sinusitis (CRS) is one of the most prevalent chronic illnesses across the globe, affecting persons of all ages. It is an inflammatory process that involves the paranasal sinuses with symptoms lasting longer than 12 weeks. AIM: To establish the significance of blood eosinophil (count) levels in CRS with nasal polyps and to compare blood eosinophil count with eosinophil count in the histopathology specimens of the polyps. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a retrospective study done to review the medical records of 63 patients who underwent endoscopic sinus surgery for CRS with Nasal polyps...
February 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
S Kirkeby, A S Hammer, N Høiby, C M Salomonsen
OBJECTIVES: The nasal and sinus cavities in children may serve as reservoirs for microorganisms that cause recurrent and chronic lung infections. This study evaluates whether the mink can be used as an animal model for studying Pseudomonas aeruginosa mediated rhino-sinusitis since there is no suitable traditional animal model for this disease. METHODS: Nasal tissue samples from infected and control mink were fixed in formalin, demineralized, and embedded in paraffin...
May 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
Alper Yenigun, Ahmet Elbay, Remzi Dogan, Orhan Ozturan, Mehmet Hakan Ozdemir
Allergic rhinitis is an inflammatory disease that develops through immunoglobulin E in the rhino-ocular mucosa due to allergy. The main symptoms are runny nose, nasal congestion, sneezing and itchy nose. This study was designed to investigate the effect of allergic rhinitis on choroidal thickness. This study was planned as a case-control study. This study performed in a tertiary referral center. The study included 61 patients with allergic rhinitis and 35 healthy subjects. Patients in both groups underwent skin prick test...
June 2017: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
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