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Nasal, rhino

B Verillaud, L Robard, J Michel, V Pruliere Escabasse, E Béquignon, L Crampette, O Malard
OBJECTIVES: The authors present the guidelines of the French Oto-Rhino-Laryngology - Head and Neck Surgery Society (Société Française d'Oto-Rhino-Laryngologie et de Chirurgie de la Face et du Cou: SFORL) on second-line treatment of epistaxis in adults, after failure of anterior and/or anterior-posterior nasal packing. METHODS: A multidisciplinary work group was entrusted with a review of the scientific literature on the above topic. Guidelines were drawn up, based on the articles retrieved and the group members' individual experience...
October 17, 2016: European Annals of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Diseases
Gabriela Kopacheva-Barsova, Slavica Arsova
AIM: To prevent and to treat nasal trauma in children properly, because it can lead to displacement or depression of the nasal bones or septum. Second, our aim was, for the patient to recognise and create a mature decision for eventual nose changes which will be made with the operative intervention or they are not mature enough and the decisions were made by their parents. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Our retrospective study was made at University Clinic for Ear, Nose and Throat, Faculty of Medicine, Ss Cyril and Methodius University of Skopje in the period of 6 years (2005-2016)...
September 15, 2016: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
Gabriela Kopacheva-Barsova, Nikola Nikolovski
BACKGROUND: Nasal septal surgery and rhinoplasty are controversial in children. Traditionally, an attitude of restraint has been employed by most surgeons till an empirical age of 16 to 18 years. This is to avoid the possible adverse effects that the growth spurts may have on the nose and midface region. AIM: The aim of this paper was to present the results of rhinoplasty in children in order to restore the anatomy and function or to promote normal development and outgrowth of the nose...
September 15, 2016: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
Mayara Tabai, Igor Moreira Hazboun, Emerson Taro Inoue Sakuma, Marcelo Hamilton Sampaio, Eulalia Sakano
Introduction. A range of traumatic, vascular, inflammatory, infectious, and neoplastic processes can affect the orbit and its structures. In the area of otolaryngology, the rhino-orbital-cerebral involvement of invasive fungal rhinosinusitis can affect the orbit, which may look like initially a rhinosinusitis or even mimic malignancy. Case Presentation. Female patient, 32 years old, with headache and ocular proptosis. She was using prednisone in immunosuppressive doses for a year and had breast cancer treated three years earlier...
2016: Case Reports in Otolaryngology
Allison K Royer, Mark C Royer
Posterior epistaxis is a serious condition that can be difficult to treat in a wilderness setting. The initial standard of care involves packing the affected nostril with a 7 to 9 cm nasal pack to tamponade the bleed. These packs are often unavailable outside of the emergency or operating room. This study set out to determine whether a posterior nasal pack could be constructed from the supplies present in a basic first aid kit in order to control massive nasal hemorrhage in a wilderness setting. A basic first aid kit was utilized to construct a posterior nasal pack that was inserted into an anatomical model and visibly compared with the Rapid Rhino (Posterior, 7...
September 2016: Wilderness & Environmental Medicine
Christopher Le, Hilary C McCrary, Eugene Chang
Cystic fibrosis (CF) is an autosomal recessive genetic disorder caused by mutations in the CF transmembrane conductance regulator gene(CFTR) resulting in impaired ion transport. Nearly all people with CF will develop chronic rhino-sinusitis (CRS) and present with the characteristic viscous mucus, impaired mucociliary clearance and chronic inflammation/infection of the sinonasal cavity. While some individuals with CF can appear relatively asymptomatic in terms of their sinus disease, commonly reported symptoms include anosmia, headache, facial pain, nasal obstruction, chronic congestion and nasal discharge...
2016: Advances in Oto-rhino-laryngology
Anke Schlüter, Yahya Ahmadipour, Trutz Vogelsang, Ilonka Kreitschmann-Andermahr, Bernadette Kleist, Patrick Weller, Laura Holtmann, Stefan Mattheis, Stephan Lang, Christoph Bergmann, Oliver Mueller
The endoscopic transnasal route for the surgical removal of tumors in the sellar region is frequently associated with nasal complications such as synechiae or impaired nasal breathing. In this study, we investigated the impact of septal splints on avoiding surgery-related co-morbidities. 49 patients in whom endoscopic transnasal, transsphenoidal surgery for sellar tumors was performed between 2012 and 2014 were studied. In 30 of these, nasal septal splints were applied at the end of surgery to both sides of the septum and left in situ for 10 days (group 1), 19 patients received no splints (group 2)...
June 30, 2016: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
Farah Dayana Zahedi, Salina Husain, Balwant Singh Gendeh
A prospective single blinded interventional study was held in Otorhinolaryngology Clinic, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia Medical Centre in August 2010 until November 2012 to evaluate the functional outcome of septorhinoplasty objectively and subjectively. Objective assessment was done using rhinomanometry and subjective assessment using Nasal Obstruction Symptoms Evaluation (NOSE) scale and Health-Related Quality of Life Questionnaires (HRQOL) in Rhino Surgery. All measurements were taken preoperatively and 3 months postoperatively...
June 2016: Indian Journal of Otolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery
Carlos Alberto Timóteo, Ana Paula Simões Corrêa, Juliana Zorzi Coleté, Alessandra Marcondes Aranega, Idelmo Rangel Garcia Júnior
Rhinocerebral zygomycosis is a rare condition characterized by infection initially in the nose and paranasal sinuses with atypical symptoms consistent with sinusitis. Once established in the nasal sinuses, the infection can easily spread to the orbital region and brain. In the localized form of the infection, the mortality rate is approximately 10%, which increases in the occurrence of orbital involvement and survival in patients of cerebral dissemination is extremely rare. The present paper reports a patient of nasal zygomycosis with orbital and cerebral dissemination in an otherwise healthy patient who survived after 14 months of hospitalization with no neurological impairment...
June 2016: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
Desiderio Passali, Maria Carla Spinosi, Anna Crisanti, Luisa Maria Bellussi
UNLABELLED: The inflammatory diseases of the nose, rhino-pharynx and paranasal sinuses (allergic and non allergic rhinitis, NARES; rhinosinusitis with/without nasal polyposis, adenoidal hypertrophy with/without middle ear involvement) clinically manifest themselves with symptoms and complications severely affecting quality of life and health care expenditure. Intranasal administration of corticosteroids, being fast, simple, and not requiring cooperation, is the preferred way to treat the patients, to optimize their quality of life, at the same time minimizing the risk of exacerbations and complications...
2016: Multidisciplinary Respiratory Medicine
A Ujam, M Perry
PURPOSE: Submental intubation is widely accepted as a safe and effective alternative to nasal intubation or tracheostomy in head and neck surgery patients. Forceful or careless technique can cause significant bleeding and trauma to the soft tissues at this point, increasing the likelihood of troublesome sublingual haematoma. METHODS: We describe the use of a percutaneous tracheostomy horn (Cook Medical Blue Rhino(®)) to allow minimally traumatic submental intubation without the need for serial dilations...
April 30, 2016: European Journal of Trauma and Emergency Surgery: Official Publication of the European Trauma Society
N Shaikh, K A Hussain, R Petraitiene, A N Schuetz, T J Walsh
The term 'entomophthoramycosis' classically refers to infections caused by members of the order Entomophthorales. A new subphylum, Entomophthoramycota, has been created to include Basidiobolomycetes, Neozygitomycetes and Entomophthoramycetes. Basidiobolomycetes encompass Basidiobolus spp., while the Entomophthoramycetes include Conidiobolus spp. Conidiobolus spp. characteristically cause rhinofacial entomophthoramycosis in apparently immunocompetent hosts. Conidiobolus spp. may also cause disseminated infection in immunocompromised patients...
August 2016: Clinical Microbiology and Infection
Marco Caminati, Cristian Caimmi, Annarita Dama, Michele Schiappoli, Giovanni Passalacqua, Gianenrico Senna
BACKGROUND: Asthma Control Test (ACT ™) validity relies on Global Initiative for Asthma (GINA) definition of control. It includes neither reversibility nor inflammation assessment despite their importance as hallmark of asthma, partially unrelated to symptoms. Furthermore though rhinitis may affect the patient's perception of asthma control, its impact on ACT accuracy has not been systematically evaluated. OBJECTIVE: To explore ACT validity according to a definition of control including: forced expiratory volume in 1 s (FEV1) ≥ 80%, negative reversibility test, exhaled nitric oxide at a flow rate of 50 ml/s (FeNO) < 50 ppb...
August 2016: Journal of Asthma: Official Journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma
Renzia Wang, Chunhui Zhang
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the clinical efficacy of montelukast plus budesonide nasal spray and desloratadine citrate disodium tablets on moderate and severe persistent allergic rhinitis. METHOD: Senenty patients with moderate and severe persistent allergic rhinitis were devided randomly study group (n = 35) and control group (n = 35). The study group were treated with montelukast sodium tablets combined with budesonide nasal spray and desloratadine citrate disodium tablets for 4 weeks, the control group received budesonide nasal spray and desloratadine citrate disodium tablets for 4 weeks...
December 2015: Journal of Clinical Otorhinolaryngology, Head, and Neck Surgery
Matthew K Lee, Sam P Most
UNLABELLED: Currently, there is no validated quality-of-life instrument that evaluates both functional and aesthetic outcomes after rhinoplasty. The goal of this study was to develop and validate a comprehensive quality-of-life instrument to assess patient satisfaction with both functional and aesthetic outcomes after rhinoplasty. METHODS: The study was designed as a prospective instrument validation study at a university-affiliated academic medical center. Inclusion criteria included patients with nasal obstructive symptoms, nasal aesthetic deformity, or both, who underwent functional and/or aesthetic rhinoplasty by a single surgeon between December 2014 and June 2015...
February 2016: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. Global Open
Alper Yenigun, Zeynep Dadaci, Gulay Ozel Sahin, Ahmet Elbay
BACKGROUND: Dry eye is characterized by decreased tear production and/or increased evaporation rates of the tear film barrier. Allergic rhinitis is an inflammatory disease that develops through immunoglobulin E in the rhino-ocular mucosa due to allergens. To investigate the prevalence of allergic rhinitis symptoms and positive skin-prick test results in patients with dry eye. METHODS: This is a case-control study. The study included 57 patients with dry eye and 48 healthy subjects...
March 2016: American Journal of Rhinology & Allergy
L Colavita, M Miraglia Del Giudice, G Stroscio, C Visalli, T Alterio, C Pidone, M R Pizzino, T Arrigo, R Chimenz, C Salpietro, C Cuppari
Allergic rhinitis (AR) and adenoid hypertrophy (AH) are common in children and are often associated with each other. Recent studies have shown improvement of respiratory symptoms and reduction in the adenoid volume after anti-allergic medical therapy (intranasal corticosteroids, antihistamines). The aim of our retrospective study is to evaluate the effectiveness of adenoidectomy on respiratory symptoms in pediatric patients with AR. We recruited 404 pediatric patients with AR, and we divided them into 4 groups (1...
April 2015: Journal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents
Cunyun Min, Congjian Peng, Guojian Wei, Xuhui Huang, Tingting Fu, Yu Du, Changjun Wang
Allergic rhinitis (AR) is a chronic inflammatory disease of rhino-ocular mucosa, affecting up to 40% of population worldwide. Chinese herbal medicines and Acupuncture, adopted thousands of years in China, has good effect on allergic rhinitis. This study evaluates the effects of Moxibustion with Chinese herbal in treating patients with allergic rhinitis over a 1-year follow-up. A randomized controlled trial was conducted in a sample of 355 participants recruited from Guangdong general hospital of China. After baseline measurements, participants were randomly assigned to treatment-group or control group...
2015: International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Medicine
Ahmet Kutluhan, Mustafa Kemal Demir, Kazim Bozdemir, Elif Ersoy Callioglu
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: To describe the diagnostic criteria and treatments of concha compression syndrome (CCS). PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients who reported at least 3 times rhinosinusitis attacks per year were considered in this study. All patients met the diagnosis criteria of rhinosinusitis based on clinical history, showed a nasal septal spur compressing concha on their endoscopic examination and had no findings of rhinosinusitis on their paranasal sinus CT scans but showed concha ondularis...
2015: International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Medicine
Ludger Klimek, Claus Bachert, Karl-Friedrich Lukat, Oliver Pfaar, Hanns Meyer, Annemie Narkus
BACKGROUND: Pollen extracts and chemically modified allergoids are used successfully in allergen immunotherapy (AIT). Recombinant extracts offer potential advantages with respect to pharmaceutical quality, standardization and dosing. A hypoallergenic recombinant folding variant of the major birch pollen allergen (rBet v 1-FV) was compared with an established native birch preparation. A pre-seasonal, randomized, actively controlled phase II study was performed in birch pollen allergic rhino-conjunctivitis with or without asthma, GINA I/ II...
2015: Clinical and Translational Allergy
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