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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302328/experimental-pseudomonas-aeruginosa-mediated-rhino-sinusitis-in-mink
#1
S Kirkeby, A S Hammer, N Høiby, C M Salomonsen
OBJECTIVES: The nasal and sinus cavities in children may serve as reservoirs for microorganisms that cause recurrent and chronic lung infections. This study evaluates whether the mink can be used as an animal model for studying Pseudomonas aeruginosa mediated rhino-sinusitis since there is no suitable traditional animal model for this disease. METHODS: Nasal tissue samples from infected and control mink were fixed in formalin, demineralized, and embedded in paraffin...
December 27, 2016: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28265747/the-effect-of-allergic-rhinitis-with-positive-skin-prick-test-on-choroidal-thickness
#2
Alper Yenigun, Ahmet Elbay, Remzi Dogan, Orhan Ozturan, Mehmet Hakan Ozdemir
Allergic rhinitis is an inflammatory disease that develops through immunoglobulin E in the rhino-ocular mucosa due to allergy. The main symptoms are runny nose, nasal congestion, sneezing and itchy nose. This study was designed to investigate the effect of allergic rhinitis on choroidal thickness. This study was planned as a case-control study. This study performed in a tertiary referral center. The study included 61 patients with allergic rhinitis and 35 healthy subjects. Patients in both groups underwent skin prick test...
March 6, 2017: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28265376/slowly-progressive-invasive-rhino-orbito-cerebral-aspergillosis-case-report-and-literature-review
#3
Giselle de Martin Truzzi, Henrique Furlan Pauna, Igor Moreira Hazboun, Igor Benedick Coimbra, Emerson Taro Inoue Sakuma, Icléia Siqueira Barreto, Carlos Takahiro Chone, Eulalia Sakano
This is a report of a patient with aspergillosis infection, which was thought to be a tumoral lesion during its investigation. This is not a common disease in Western countries, and this report should increase our awareness for differential diagnosis of nasal masses. Early diagnosis is desired in order to increase the survival rates.
March 2017: Clinical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239574/do-nasal-surgeries-affect-mucociliary-clearance
#4
Rajeshwary Aroor, Zainab Sunu Ali, K S Gangadhara Somayaji
The study was conducted to assess the impact of different nasal surgeries on the nasal mucociliary clearance mechanism. Mucociliary function of the nasal mucosa of patients who were undergoing various nasal surgeries was assessed by the Saccharin test by placing 5 mg saccharin granule on the anterior end of the inferior turbinate 1 day prior to the surgery. The time required for the test subject to experience a sweet taste was measured in minutes. Post-operatively the test was repeated 6 weeks after the surgery and the test times were compared...
March 2017: Indian Journal of Otolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28126352/preclinical-evaluation-of-luffa-operculata-cogn-and-its-main-active-principle-in-the-treatment-of-bacterial-rhinosinusitis
#5
Leonardo Silva, Henrique Olival Costa, Flávia Coelho de Souza, Elaine Monteiro Cardoso Lopes, Suely Mitoi Ykko Ueda
INTRODUCTION: The prevalence of rhinosinusitis is quite high. Despite the widespread use of antibiotics for rhinosinusitis, there are other forms of treatment, including phytotherapy. One of the most widely used herbal medicines for treatment of rhinosinusitis is Luffa operculata. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to evaluate the efficacy of topical nasal solution of the aqueous extract of L. operculata, determining the toxicity to its use and identifying the active principles presented in the aqueous extract...
December 26, 2016: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27986467/guidelines-of-the-french-society-of-otorhinolaryngology-sforl-short-version-specific-treatment-of-epistaxis-in-rendu-osler-weber-disease
#6
L Robard, J Michel, V Prulière Escabasse, E Bequignon, B Vérillaud, O Malard, L Crampette
OBJECTIVES: The authors present the guidelines of the French Oto-Rhino-Laryngology - Head and Neck Surgery Society (Société Française d'Oto-Rhino-Laryngologie et de Chirurgie de la Face et du Cou: SFORL) concerning specific treatment of epistaxis in Rendu-Osler-Weber disease. METHODS: A multidisciplinary work-group was entrusted with a review of the scientific literature on the above topic. Guidelines were drawn up, based on the articles retrieved and the group members' individual experience...
February 2017: European Annals of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27798735/a-systematic-review-of-patient-reported-outcome-measures-after-rhinoplasty
#7
REVIEW
M Barone, A Cogliandro, N Di Stefano, V Tambone, P Persichetti
The literature still lacks a review regarding PROs applied for rhinoplasty. Thus, we performed a systematic review of the literature to identify PROMs that assess patient satisfaction and quality of life after rhinoplasty. The aim of our study was to identify existing questionnaires and to summarize their development, psychometric properties, and content. A multi-step search of the web-based PubMed database from the National Library of Medicine was performed to identify PROMs that are designed to evaluate satisfaction and quality of life following rhinoplasty...
October 31, 2016: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27792098/sinus-disventilation-and-atrophy-of-the-upper-maxilla-a-combined-surgical-approach-is-possible
#8
Orlando Cipriani, Valentino Vellone, Paolo Arangio, Fabio Della Rocca
This study aims to assess the effectiveness and reliability of a new combined approach to treat the maxillary atrophy and chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) and other rhino-sinusal pathologies. This 1-step procedure consisting functional endoscopic sinus surgery (FESS) and maxillary sinus-lift with simultaneous implant placement for patients with a severe reabsorbed maxillary bone and sinuses' disease. In case of disventilation and maxillary sinuses flogosis, the mucociliary clearance and physiological ventilation have to be aided, in order to make a safer and predictable sinus-lift surgery...
January 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27765622/guidelines-of-the-french-society-of-otorhinolaryngology-sforl-second-line-treatment-of-epistaxis-in-adults
#9
B Verillaud, L Robard, J Michel, V Pruliere Escabasse, E Béquignon, L Crampette, O Malard
OBJECTIVES: The authors present the guidelines of the French Oto-Rhino-Laryngology - Head and Neck Surgery Society (Société Française d'Oto-Rhino-Laryngologie et de Chirurgie de la Face et du Cou: SFORL) on second-line treatment of epistaxis in adults, after failure of anterior and/or anterior-posterior nasal packing. METHODS: A multidisciplinary work group was entrusted with a review of the scientific literature on the above topic. Guidelines were drawn up, based on the articles retrieved and the group members' individual experience...
October 17, 2016: European Annals of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27703565/the-impact-of-the-nasal-trauma-in-childhood-on-the-development-of-the-nose-in-future
#10
Gabriela Kopacheva-Barsova, Slavica Arsova
AIM: To prevent and to treat nasal trauma in children properly, because it can lead to displacement or depression of the nasal bones or septum. Second, our aim was, for the patient to recognise and create a mature decision for eventual nose changes which will be made with the operative intervention or they are not mature enough and the decisions were made by their parents. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Our retrospective study was made at University Clinic for Ear, Nose and Throat, Faculty of Medicine, Ss Cyril and Methodius University of Skopje in the period of 6 years (2005-2016)...
September 15, 2016: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27703562/justification-for-rhinoseptoplasty-in-children-our-10-years-overview
#11
Gabriela Kopacheva-Barsova, Nikola Nikolovski
BACKGROUND: Nasal septal surgery and rhinoplasty are controversial in children. Traditionally, an attitude of restraint has been employed by most surgeons till an empirical age of 16 to 18 years. This is to avoid the possible adverse effects that the growth spurts may have on the nose and midface region. AIM: The aim of this paper was to present the results of rhinoplasty in children in order to restore the anatomy and function or to promote normal development and outgrowth of the nose...
September 15, 2016: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27563478/orbital-metastasis-of-breast-cancer-mimicking-invasive-fungal-rhinosinusitis
#12
Mayara Tabai, Igor Moreira Hazboun, Emerson Taro Inoue Sakuma, Marcelo Hamilton Sampaio, Eulalia Sakano
Introduction. A range of traumatic, vascular, inflammatory, infectious, and neoplastic processes can affect the orbit and its structures. In the area of otolaryngology, the rhino-orbital-cerebral involvement of invasive fungal rhinosinusitis can affect the orbit, which may look like initially a rhinosinusitis or even mimic malignancy. Case Presentation. Female patient, 32 years old, with headache and ocular proptosis. She was using prednisone in immunosuppressive doses for a year and had breast cancer treated three years earlier...
2016: Case Reports in Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27473927/improvising-a-posterior-nasal-pack-with-equipment-in-a-basic-first-aid-kit
#13
Allison K Royer, Mark C Royer
Posterior epistaxis is a serious condition that can be difficult to treat in a wilderness setting. The initial standard of care involves packing the affected nostril with a 7 to 9 cm nasal pack to tamponade the bleed. These packs are often unavailable outside of the emergency or operating room. This study set out to determine whether a posterior nasal pack could be constructed from the supplies present in a basic first aid kit in order to control massive nasal hemorrhage in a wilderness setting. A basic first aid kit was utilized to construct a posterior nasal pack that was inserted into an anatomical model and visibly compared with the Rapid Rhino (Posterior, 7...
September 2016: Wilderness & Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27466844/cystic-fibrosis-sinusitis
#14
REVIEW
Christopher Le, Hilary C McCrary, Eugene Chang
Cystic fibrosis (CF) is an autosomal recessive genetic disorder caused by mutations in the CF transmembrane conductance regulator gene(CFTR) resulting in impaired ion transport. Nearly all people with CF will develop chronic rhino-sinusitis (CRS) and present with the characteristic viscous mucus, impaired mucociliary clearance and chronic inflammation/infection of the sinonasal cavity. While some individuals with CF can appear relatively asymptomatic in terms of their sinus disease, commonly reported symptoms include anosmia, headache, facial pain, nasal obstruction, chronic congestion and nasal discharge...
2016: Advances in Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27363406/evaluation-of-the-application-of-rhino-septal-splints-in-endoscopic-transsphenoidal-skull-base-surgery
#15
Anke Schlüter, Yahya Ahmadipour, Trutz Vogelsang, Ilonka Kreitschmann-Andermahr, Bernadette Kleist, Patrick Weller, Laura Holtmann, Stefan Mattheis, Stephan Lang, Christoph Bergmann, Oliver Mueller
The endoscopic transnasal route for the surgical removal of tumors in the sellar region is frequently associated with nasal complications such as synechiae or impaired nasal breathing. In this study, we investigated the impact of septal splints on avoiding surgery-related co-morbidities. 49 patients in whom endoscopic transnasal, transsphenoidal surgery for sellar tumors was performed between 2012 and 2014 were studied. In 30 of these, nasal septal splints were applied at the end of surgery to both sides of the septum and left in situ for 10 days (group 1), 19 patients received no splints (group 2)...
December 2016: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27340641/functional-outcome-evaluation-of-septorhinoplasty-for-nasal-obstruction
#16
Farah Dayana Zahedi, Salina Husain, Balwant Singh Gendeh
A prospective single blinded interventional study was held in Otorhinolaryngology Clinic, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia Medical Centre in August 2010 until November 2012 to evaluate the functional outcome of septorhinoplasty objectively and subjectively. Objective assessment was done using rhinomanometry and subjective assessment using Nasal Obstruction Symptoms Evaluation (NOSE) scale and Health-Related Quality of Life Questionnaires (HRQOL) in Rhino Surgery. All measurements were taken preoperatively and 3 months postoperatively...
June 2016: Indian Journal of Otolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27192647/survival-without-neurological-impairment-of-a-patient-with-rhino-orbito-cerebral-zygomycosis
#17
Carlos Alberto Timóteo, Ana Paula Simões Corrêa, Juliana Zorzi Coleté, Alessandra Marcondes Aranega, Idelmo Rangel Garcia Júnior
Rhinocerebral zygomycosis is a rare condition characterized by infection initially in the nose and paranasal sinuses with atypical symptoms consistent with sinusitis. Once established in the nasal sinuses, the infection can easily spread to the orbital region and brain. In the localized form of the infection, the mortality rate is approximately 10%, which increases in the occurrence of orbital involvement and survival in patients of cerebral dissemination is extremely rare. The present paper reports a patient of nasal zygomycosis with orbital and cerebral dissemination in an otherwise healthy patient who survived after 14 months of hospitalization with no neurological impairment...
June 2016: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27141307/mometasone-furoate-nasal-spray-a-systematic-review
#18
REVIEW
Desiderio Passali, Maria Carla Spinosi, Anna Crisanti, Luisa Maria Bellussi
UNLABELLED: The inflammatory diseases of the nose, rhino-pharynx and paranasal sinuses (allergic and non allergic rhinitis, NARES; rhinosinusitis with/without nasal polyposis, adenoidal hypertrophy with/without middle ear involvement) clinically manifest themselves with symptoms and complications severely affecting quality of life and health care expenditure. Intranasal administration of corticosteroids, being fast, simple, and not requiring cooperation, is the preferred way to treat the patients, to optimize their quality of life, at the same time minimizing the risk of exacerbations and complications...
2016: Multidisciplinary Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27138007/minimally-traumatic-submental-intubation-a-novel-dilational-technique
#19
A Ujam, M Perry
PURPOSE: Submental intubation is widely accepted as a safe and effective alternative to nasal intubation or tracheostomy in head and neck surgery patients. Forceful or careless technique can cause significant bleeding and trauma to the soft tissues at this point, increasing the likelihood of troublesome sublingual haematoma. METHODS: We describe the use of a percutaneous tracheostomy horn (Cook Medical Blue Rhino(®)) to allow minimally traumatic submental intubation without the need for serial dilations...
April 30, 2016: European Journal of Trauma and Emergency Surgery: Official Publication of the European Trauma Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27109491/entomophthoramycosis-a-neglected-tropical-mycosis
#20
REVIEW
N Shaikh, K A Hussain, R Petraitiene, A N Schuetz, T J Walsh
The term 'entomophthoramycosis' classically refers to infections caused by members of the order Entomophthorales. A new subphylum, Entomophthoramycota, has been created to include Basidiobolomycetes, Neozygitomycetes and Entomophthoramycetes. Basidiobolomycetes encompass Basidiobolus spp., while the Entomophthoramycetes include Conidiobolus spp. Conidiobolus spp. characteristically cause rhinofacial entomophthoramycosis in apparently immunocompetent hosts. Conidiobolus spp. may also cause disseminated infection in immunocompromised patients...
August 2016: Clinical Microbiology and Infection
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