keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Physical activity, exercise

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050412/adaptive-response-to-exercise-of-fast-growing-and-slow-growing-chicken-strains-blood-oxidative-status-and-non-enzymatic-antioxidant-defense
#1
S Mattioli, A Dal Bosco, S Ruggeri, M Martino, L Moscati, C Pesca, C Castellini
The adaptation of chickens to free-range rearing systems mainly involves the locomotory behavior, which is very different in fast-growing (FG) and slow-growing (SG) strains. This study aimed to compare the effect of moderate locomotory activity (induced and prolonged) on the blood oxidative status in a slow-growing chicken strain with that in a fast-growing one. Thirty FG (Ross 308) birds and 30 SG (Hubbard) birds were divided into 2 groups for each strain and subjected to different treatments: no exercise (the control group [C]) and 1 h of walking at 4 km/h (the exercise group [E])...
September 1, 2017: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049336/exercise-as-adjunctive-treatment-for-alcohol-use-disorder-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#2
Kirsten K Roessler, Randi Bilberg, Anette Søgaard Nielsen, Kurt Jensen, Claus Thorn Ekstrøm, Sengül Sari
AIMS: To examine whether physical activity as an adjunct to outpatient alcohol treatment has an effect on alcohol consumption following participation in an exercise intervention of six months' duration, and at 12 months after treatment initiation. METHODS: The study is a randomized controlled study with three arms: Patients allocated to (A) treatment as usual, (B) treatment as usual and supervised group exercise, (C) treatment as usual and individual physical exercise...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049045/nutrition-physical-activity-and-lifestyle-factors-in-prostate-cancer-prevention
#3
Eric Ballon-Landa, John Kellogg Parsons
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To review current evidence for prostate cancer prevention with nutrition, physical activity, and lifestyle interventions and identify future research directions. RECENT FINDINGS: Multiple preclinical and observational studies have observed that diet, exercise, and lifestyle interventions may play a role in mitigating disease progression, mortality, and overall disease burden for high-grade and fatal prostate cancer. Increased vegetable and fruit intakes, decreased red meat and saturated fat intakes, and increased exercise are potentially associated with decreased risk of incident disease and increased progression-free, prostate cancer-specific, and overall survival...
October 18, 2017: Current Opinion in Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045952/-progress-in-diagnosis-and-management-of-syncope-in-children
#4
W R Xu, Y Liao, H F Jin, Q Y Zhang, C S Tang, J B DU
Syncope is a common emergency of children and adolescents, which has serious influence on the quality of life. Neurally-mediated syncope, including postural tachycardia syndrome, vasovagal syncope, orthostatic hypotension and orthostatic hypertension, is the main cause of syncope in children and adolescents. The main manifestations of neurally-mediated syncope are diverse, such as dizziness, headache, chest tightness, chest pain, pale complexion, fatigue, pre-syncope and syncope. Although the clinical manifestations are similar, each subtype of syncope has its hemodynamic feature and optimal treatment option...
October 18, 2017: Beijing da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Peking University. Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045021/reduced-dietary-intake-of-micronutrients-with-antioxidant-properties-negatively-impacts-muscle-health-in-aged-mice
#5
Miriam van Dijk, Francina J Dijk, Anita Hartog, Klaske van Norren, Sjors Verlaan, Ardy van Helvoort, Richard T Jaspers, Yvette Luiking
BACKGROUND: Inadequate intake of micronutrients with antioxidant properties is common among older adults and has been associated with higher risk of frailty, adverse functional outcome, and impaired muscle health. However, a causal relationship is less well known. The aim was to determine in old mice the impact of reduced dietary intake of vitamins A/E/B6/B12/folate, selenium, and zinc on muscle mass, oxidative capacity, strength, and physical activity (PA) over time. METHODS: Twenty-one-month-old male mice were fed either AIN-93-M (control) or a diet low in micronutrients with antioxidant properties (=LOWOX-B: 50% of mouse recommended daily intake of vitamins A, E, B6, and B12, folate, selenium, and zinc) for 4 months...
October 16, 2017: Journal of Cachexia, Sarcopenia and Muscle
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043603/epigenetic-modifications-of-gene-expression-by-lifestyle-and-environment
#6
REVIEW
Qudeer Ahmed Abdul, Byung Pal Yu, Hae Young Chung, Hyun Ah Jung, Jae Sue Choi
Epigenetics oftenly described as the heritable changes in gene expression independent of changes in DNA sequence. Various environmental factors such as nutrition-dietary components, lifestyle, exercise, physical activity, toxins, and other contributing factors remodel the genome either in a constructive or detrimental way. Since epigenetic changes are reversible and nutrition is one of the many epigenetic regulators that modify gene expression without changing the DNA sequence, dietary nutrients and bioactive food components contribute to epigenetic phenomena either by directly suppressing DNA methylation or histone catalyzing enzymes or by changing the availability of substrates required for enzymatic reactions...
October 17, 2017: Archives of Pharmacal Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042799/asthma-symptoms-mannitol-reactivity-and-exercise-induced-bronchoconstriction-in-adolescent-swimmers-versus-tennis-players
#7
Kerstin Romberg, Ellen Tufvesson, Leif Bjermer
BACKGROUND: Strenuous physical activity at an elite level is associated with an increased risk for asthma and, in some sports, also prevalence of allergies. The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence of asthma and allergy among elite swimmers and tennis players and compare airway hyperreactivity to mannitol and exercise. MATERIALS AND METHODS: One hundred and one adolescent swimmers and 86 tennis players answered a questionnaire about respiratory symptoms and allergy and performed mannitol challenge and sport-specific exercise challenge...
2017: Journal of Asthma and Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042058/exercise-induced-complete-atrioventricular-block-utility-of-exercise-stress-test
#8
Srikanth Yandrapalli, Prakash Harikrishnan, Amole Ojo, Venkat Lakshmi Kishan Vuddanda, Diwakar Jain
Exercise induced complete atrioventricular block (EIAVB) is a relatively uncommon condition. This phenomenon is clinically important because it can mimic symptoms of other cardiovascular conditions and may be associated with exercise intolerance and subsequent syncope. A 76year old man with long-standing hypertension and diabetes mellitus presented with recurrent episodes of lightheadedness and syncope with physical activity. ECG showed sinus rhythm with first degree atrioventricular block. Echocardiography did not show any valvular disease causing his symptoms...
September 10, 2017: Journal of Electrocardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040224/fes-assisted-cycling-improves-aerobic-capacity-and-locomotor-function-post-cva
#9
Stacey E Aaron, Catherine J VanDerwerker, Aaron E Embry, Jennifer H Newton, Samuel C K Lee, Chris M Gregory
PURPOSE: After a cerebrovascular accident (CVA) aerobic deconditioning contributes to diminished physical function. Functional Electrical Stimulation (FES)-assisted cycling is a promising exercise paradigm designed to target both aerobic capacity and locomotor function. This pilot study aimed to evaluate the effects of an FES-assisted cycling intervention on aerobic capacity and locomotor function in individuals post-CVA. METHODS: Eleven individuals with chronic (> 6 months) post-CVA hemiparesis completed an 8-week (3x/wk; 24 sessions) progressive FES-assisted cycling intervention...
October 16, 2017: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038694/dietary-habits-physical-activity-and-diabetes-perception-among-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-in-tabuk-city-saudi-arabia
#10
Nadiyah Abdullah Al-Mountashiri, Amal Mohammad Al-Zhrani, Shereen Fawzy Hafez Ibrahim, Hyder Othman Mirghani
BACKGROUND: Medical nutritional therapy is an important aspect of diabetes care, there is an increasing awareness of breakfast skipping, late dinner and meal contents on diabetes control. AIM: To assess dietary habits, physical activity and diabetes perception among patients with type 2 diabetes. METHODS: This case-control study was conducted among patients with diabetes mellitus at the diabetes center in Tabuk City, Saudi Arabia during the period from March through June 2017...
September 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038609/lies-damned-lies-and-survey-self-reports-identity-as-a-cause-of-measurement-bias
#11
Philip S Brenner, John DeLamater
Explanations of error in survey self-reports have focused on social desirability: that respondents answer questions about normative behavior to appear prosocial to interviewers. However, this paradigm fails to explain why bias occurs even in self-administered modes like mail and web surveys. We offer an alternative explanation rooted in identity theory that focuses on measurement directiveness as a cause of bias. After completing questions about physical exercise on a web survey, respondents completed a text message-based reporting procedure, sending updates on their major activities for five days...
December 2016: Social Psychology Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038314/physical-activity-reduces-risk-of-premature-mortality-in-patients-with-type-1-diabetes-with-and-without-kidney-disease
#12
Heidi Tikkanen-Dolenc, Johan Wadén, Carol Forsblom, Valma Harjutsalo, Lena M Thorn, Markku Saraheimo, Nina Elonen, Heikki O Tikkanen, Per-Henrik Groop
OBJECTIVE: The aims of the study were to assess how baseline leisure-time physical activity (LTPA) and its exercise components intensity, duration, and frequency are associated with all-cause and cardiovascular mortality in patients with type 1 diabetes 1) overall, 2) stratified by presence or absence of chronic kidney disease (CKD), and 3) stratified by sex. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: The study design was prospective and observational and included 2,639 patients with type 1 diabetes from the ongoing nationwide multicenter Finnish Diabetic Nephropathy (FinnDiane) Study...
October 16, 2017: Diabetes Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037406/monitoring-changes-in-body-surface-temperature-associated-with-treadmill-exercise-in-dogs-by-use-of-infrared-methodology
#13
Maria Rizzo, Francesca Arfuso, Daniela Alberghina, Elisabetta Giudice, Matteo Gianesella, Giuseppe Piccione
The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of moderate treadmill exercise session on body surface and core temperature in dog measured by means of two infrared instruments. Ten Jack Russell Terrier/Miniature Pinscher mixed-breed dogs were subjected to 15min of walking, 10min of trotting and 10min of gallop. At every step, body surface temperature (Tsurface) was measured on seven regions (neck, shoulder, ribs, flank, back, internal thigh and eye) using two different methods, a digital infrared camera (ThermaCam P25) and a non-contact infrared thermometer (Infrared Thermometer THM010-VT001)...
October 2017: Journal of Thermal Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037235/a-push-for-public-health-the-effect-of-e-bikes-on-physical-activity-levels
#14
Hanne Beate Sundfør, Aslak Fyhri
BACKGROUND: Cycling is considered to have a positive effect on public health through increased physical activity. In Norway, the e-bike is seen as a way of getting more people to cycle. However, the motorized assistance of an e-bike potentially eliminates any physical activity associated with its use. It is possible that the assumed health effect of increased cycling is "erased" through a reduction in other physical activities (a substitution effect). In this paper we study the public health effects of e-bikes using a combined cross-sectional and quasi-experimental design...
October 16, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036762/low-intensity-aerobic-exercise-training-inhibition-of-skeletal-muscle-atrophy-in-high-fat-diet-induced-ovariectomized-rats
#15
Hye Jin Kim, Won Jun Lee
PURPOSE: Postmenopausal women are highly susceptible to diseases, such as obesity, type 2 diabetes, osteoporosis, or skeletal muscle atrophy and many people recognize the need for regular physical activity. Aerobic exercise training is known to improve the oxidative capacity and insulin sensitivity of skeletal muscles. This study aimed to investigate the role of low-intensity aerobic exercise training on skeletal muscle protein degradation or synthesis in the plantaris muscles of high-fat-fed ovariectomized rats...
September 30, 2017: Journal of Exercise Nutrition & Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036032/a-physiological-profile-of-ovarian-cancer-survivors-to-inform-tailored-exercise-interventions-and-the-development-of-exercise-oncology-guidelines
#16
Christelle Schofield, Robert U Newton, Daniel A Galvão, Paul A Cohen, Carolyn J Peddle-McIntyre
OBJECTIVE: Physical activity has become increasingly important in supportive cancer care. However, physical activity and exercise guidelines for ovarian cancer survivors remain generic. The aim of this narrative review is to summarize existing data regarding the physiological characteristics (treatment-related adverse effects, concurrent comorbidities, body weight and composition, physical fitness and function, and physical activity behavior) of ovarian cancer survivors to further understanding of their cancer-specific physical activity and exercise needs...
September 2017: International Journal of Gynecological Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034545/a-pilot-intervention-to-reduce-postpartum-weight-retention-and-central-adiposity-in-first-time-mothers-results-from-the-mums-online-online-lifestyle-nutrition-exercise-study
#17
P van der Pligt, K Ball, K D Hesketh, M Teychenne, D Crawford, P J Morgan, C E Collins, K J Campbell
BACKGROUND: Postpartum weight retention (PPWR) increases the risk for obesity and complications during subsequent pregnancies. Few interventions have been successful in limiting PPWR in mothers. The present study assessed the effectiveness of the mums OnLiNE (Online, Lifestyle, Nutrition & Exercise) intervention with respect to reducing PPWR and improving diet, physical activity and sedentary behaviour. METHODS: A subsample of first-time mothers enrolled in the Extended Melbourne Infant Feeding Activity and Nutrition Trial (InFANT Extend) completed the nonrandomised mums OnLiNE intervention...
October 16, 2017: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034529/reliability-of-muscle-blood-flow-and-oxygen-consumption-response-from-exercise-using-near-infrared-spectroscopy
#18
Adam A Lucero, Gifty Addae, Wayne Lawrence, Beemnet Neway, Daniel P Credeur, James Faulkner, David Rowlands, Lee Stoner
Near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS), coupled with rapid venous (VO) and arterial occlusions (AO) can be used to non-invasively estimate resting local skeletal muscle blood flow (mBF) and oxygen consumption (mV̇O2 ), respectively. However, the day-to-day reliability of mBF and mV̇O2 responses to stressors such as incremental dynamic exercise has not been established. PURPOSE: To determine the reliability of NIRS derived mBF and mV̇O2 response from incremental dynamic exercise. METHODS: Measurements of mBF and mV̇O2 were collected in the vastus lateralis of twelve healthy, physically active adults [7 m and 5 f; 25 y (SD 6)] over 3 non-consecutive visits within 10 days...
October 16, 2017: Experimental Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033627/impact-of-primary-care-exercise-referral-schemes-on-the-health-of-patients-with-obesity
#19
Helen M Parretti, Suzanne E Bartington, Tim Badcock, Lucy Hughes, Joan L Duda, Kate Jolly
Primary care exercise referral schemes (ERSs) are a potentially useful setting to promote physical activity (PA). It is not established, however, whether interventions to increase PA, such as ERSs, have differing health outcomes according to the participants' body mass index (BMI). This paper summarizes evidence for the impact of primary care ERSs on the health of people with obesity and reports findings of a reanalysis of the EMPOWER study, providing the first data to report differential outcomes of ERSs by BMI category...
2017: Pragmatic and Observational Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033325/effect-of-lower-limb-progressive-resistance-exercise-after-hip-fracture-surgery-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-studies
#20
Sang Yoon Lee, Byung-Ho Yoon, Jaewon Beom, Yong-Chan Ha, Jae-Young Lim
OBJECTIVE: Although several studies have reported the effect of progressive resistance exercise (PRE) after hip fracture surgery, little is known about the functional efficacy of PRE. Thus, we conducted a meta-analysis to evaluate whether PRE can improve (1) mobility and (2) other physical functions in elderly patients after hip fracture surgery. METHODS: Eight randomized controlled trials investigating the effects of PRE after hip fracture surgery were retrieved from a PubMed, Embase, and Cochrane Library search...
October 12, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
keyword
keyword
25762
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"