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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919749/in-vitro-vla-4-blockade-results-in-an-impaired-nk-cell-mediated-immune-surveillance-against-melanoma
#1
Ilaria Gandoglia, Federico Ivaldi, Paolo Carrega, Eric Armentani, Guido Ferlazzo, Gianluigi Mancardi, Nicole Kerlero de Rosbo, Antonio Uccelli, Alice Laroni
Natalizumab (NTZ) is a monoclonal antibody targeting the α4β1 integrin (CD49d/CD29), very late antigen-4 (VLA-4), which is approved for treatment of relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis (RR-MS). A possible association between NTZ treatment and a higher risk of melanoma is under debate. Natural Killer (NK) cells, which express VLA-4, represent an innate barrier limiting spreading of melanoma under steady state conditions. Indeed, because of their expression of activating receptors, they are very efficient in recognizing and killing melanoma cells without the need of a previous priming...
December 2, 2016: Immunology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904959/differential-pulmonic-nk-and-nkt-cell-responses-in-schistosoma-japonicum-infected-mice
#2
Hefei Cha, Wenjuan Qin, Quan Yang, Hongyan Xie, Jiale Qu, Mei Wang, Daixiong Chen, Fang Wang, Nuo Dong, Longhua Chen, Jun Huang
Natural killer cells (NK cells) and natural killer T cells (NKT cells) play a role in anti-infection, anti-tumor, transplantation immunity, and autoimmune regulation. However, the role of NK and NKT cells during Schistosoma japonicum (S. japonicum) infection has not been widely reported, especially regarding lung infections. The aim of this study was to research the NK and NKT cell response to S. japonicum infection in the lungs of mice. Using immunofluorescent histological analysis, NK and NKT cells were found near pulmonary granulomas...
November 30, 2016: Parasitology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884732/natural-killer-cell-subsets-and-receptor-expression-in-peripheral-blood-mononuclear-cells-of-a-healthy-korean-population-reference-range-influence-of-age-and-sex-and-correlation-between-nk-cell-receptors-and-cytotoxicity
#3
Minh-Trang Phan, Sejong Chun, Sun-Hee Kim, Alaa Kassim Ali, Seung-Hwan Lee, Seokho Kim, Soo-Hyun Kim, Duck Cho
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to identify CD56(bright) and CD56(dim) natural killer (NK) cell subsets and analyze their receptors expression in a healthy Korean population, and to determine whether receptor expression correlates with age, sex, and cytotoxicity. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We performed multicolor flow cytometry assays to analyze the expression of various NK cell receptors (CD16, NKG2A, NKG2C, NKG2D, CD57, DNAM-1, CD8a, CD62L, NKp30, and NKp46) on both CD3(-)/CD56(dim) and CD3(-)/CD56(bright) NK cells in whole-blood samples from 122 healthy donors...
November 21, 2016: Human Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871782/association-of-high-hla-e-expression-during-acute-cellular-rejection-and-numbers-of-hla-class-i-leader-peptide-mismatches-with-reduced-renal-allograft-survival
#4
Hana Guberina, Vera Rebmann, Bettina Wagner, Fabiola da Silva Nardi, Phillip Dziallas, Sebastian Dolff, Anja Bienholz, Jeremias Wohlschlaeger, Agnes Bankfalvi, Falko M Heinemann, Oliver Witzke, Yvonne M Zoet, Frans H J Claas, Peter A Horn, Andreas Kribben, Ilias I N Doxiadis
Non-classical Human Leukocyte Antigen (HLA)-E preferentially presents leader peptides derived from classical HLA-class I molecules. HLA-E can trigger opposed immune responses by interacting with inhibitory NKG2A or by activating NKG2C receptors on NK and T-cells. We studied the impact of HLA-E on renal allograft survival during acute cellular rejection. HLA-E expression was up-regulated in acute cellular rejection (ACR) biopsies (n=12) compared to biopsies from 13 renal allografts with no rejection-signs. HLA-E up-regulation was correlated with numbers of HLA-class I leader peptide mismatches (p=0...
November 4, 2016: Immunobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27868107/class-i-hla-haplotypes-form-two-schools-that-educate-nk-cells-in-different-ways
#5
Amir Horowitz, Zakia Djaoud, Neda Nemat-Gorgani, Jeroen Blokhuis, Hugo G Hilton, Vivien Béziat, Karl-Johan Malmberg, Paul J Norman, Lisbeth A Guethlein, Peter Parham
Natural killer (NK) cells are lymphocytes having vital functions in innate and adaptive immunity, as well as placental reproduction. Controlling education and functional activity of human NK cells are various receptors that recognize HLA class I on the surface of tissue cells. Epitopes of polymorphic HLA-A,-B and -C are recognized by equally diverse killer cell immunoglobulin-like receptors (KIR). In addition, a peptide cleaved from the leader sequence of HLA-A,-B or -C must bind to HLA-E for it to become a ligand for the conserved CD94:NKG2A receptor...
September 2016: Science Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27853650/therapeutic-cd94-nkg2a-blockade-improves-natural-killer-cell-dysfunction-in-chronic-lymphocytic-leukemia
#6
Emily M McWilliams, Jennifer M Mele, Carolyn Cheney, Elizabeth A Timmerman, Faraz Fiazuddin, Ethan J Strattan, Xiaokui Mo, John C Byrd, Natarajan Muthusamy, Farrukh T Awan
Natural killer (NK)-cell count is predictive of chronic lymphoid leukemia (CLL) disease progression and their dysfunction is well documented, but the etiology of this is currently lacking. CLL cells have been shown to over-express HLA-E, the natural ligand for NKG2A expressed on NK-cells that generates a distinct negative signal relative to direct NK-cell cytotoxicity in other disease models. Utilizing a novel anti-NKG2A monoclonal blocking antibody (mAb), monalizumab, we explored the in vitro preclinical activity of targeting the NKG2A receptor, and the NKG2A/HLA-E interaction as a mechanism of tumor evasion in CLL patients...
2016: Oncoimmunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27828717/natural-killer-group-2a-expressed-on-both-peripheral-cd3-cd56-nk-cells-and-cd3-cd8-t-cells-plays-a-pivotal-negative-regulatory-role-in-the-progression-of-hepatitis-b-virus-related-acute-on-chronic-liver-failure
#7
Rui-Tian Yi, Ying-Hua Niu, Hong-Li Liu, Tie-Ying Zhang, Yu-Cong Yang, Yu Zhang, Dong-Lin Yin, Tian-Yan Chen, Ying-Ren Zhao
To explore the role of surface receptors natural killer group 2A (NKG2A) and natural killer group 2D (NKG2D) on CD3(+)CD8(+)T cells and CD3(-)CD56(+)NK cells in the progression of hepatitis B virus (HBV)-related acute-on-chronic liver failure (ACLF), we measured the expression of NKG2A and NKG2D on the surface of these 2 types of circulating cells by flow cytometry in 3 groups. One group consists of 36 patients with chronic hepatitis B (CHB), another one consists of 22 patients with HBV-related ACLF, and the last one has 12 normal controls (NC)...
December 2016: Journal of Interferon & Cytokine Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27801784/the-activating-nkg2c-receptor-is-significantly-reduced-in-nk-cells-after-allogeneic-stem-cell-transplantation-in-patients-with-severe-graft-versus-host-disease
#8
Lambros Kordelas, Nina-Kristin Steckel, Peter A Horn, Dietrich W Beelen, Vera Rebmann
Natural killer (NK) cells play a central role in the innate immune system. In allogeneic stem cell transplantation (alloSCT), alloreactive NK cells derived by the graft are discussed to mediate the elimination of leukemic cells and dendritic cells in the patient and thereby to reduce the risk for leukemic relapses and graft-versus-host reactions. The alloreactivity of NK cells is determined by various receptors including the activating CD94/NKG2C and the inhibitory CD94/NKG2A receptors, which both recognize the non-classical human leukocyte antigen E (HLA-E)...
October 27, 2016: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27777574/phenotypic-and-functional-dysregulated-blood-nk-cells-in-colorectal-cancer-patients-can-be-activated-by-cetuximab-plus-il-2%C3%A2-or-il-15
#9
Yamila Sol Rocca, María Paula Roberti, Estefanía Paula Juliá, María Betina Pampena, Luisina Bruno, Sergio Rivero, Eduardo Huertas, Fernando Sánchez Loria, Alejandro Pairola, Anne Caignard, José Mordoh, Estrella Mariel Levy
The clinical outcome of colorectal cancer (CRC) is associated with the immune response; thus, these tumors could be responsive to different immune therapy approaches. Natural killer (NK) cells are key antitumor primary effectors that can eliminate CRC cells without prior immunization. We previously determined that NK cells from the local tumor environment of CRC tumors display a profoundly altered phenotype compared with circulating NK cells from healthy donors (HD). In this study, we evaluated peripheral blood NK cells from untreated patients and their possible role in metastasis progression...
2016: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27747156/multiple-sclerosis-is-accompanied-by-lack-of-kir2ds1-gene-a-meta-analysis
#10
Farhad Shahsavar, Shaghayegh Mapar, Seyyed Amir Yasin Ahmadi
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a disease in which we can recognize destruction of the myelin that is around nerve cells of brain and spinal cord called as oligodendrocytes. Both genetic and environmental factors play roles in MS. One of these genes is the killer-cell immunoglobulin-like receptor (KIR) which expressed on surface of natural killer cells (NKs). These genes have loci (not locus) in human genome, so they inherit as haplotypes. The results of previous studies show that different genes of KIR may affect both susceptibility and resistance to such autoimmune disorders that their pathogenesis in MS is still unclear...
December 2016: Genomics Data
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27721814/comparative-analysis-of-conventional-natural-killer-cell-responses-to-acute-infection-with-toxoplasma-gondii-strains-of-different-virulence
#11
Daria L Ivanova, Rida Fatima, Jason P Gigley
Conventional natural killer (cNK) cells, members of group 1 innate lymphoid cells, are a diverse cell subpopulation based on surface receptor expression, maturation, and functional potential. cNK cells are critical for early immunity to Toxoplasma gondii via IFNγ production. Acute cNK cell responses to infection with different strains of T. gondii have not yet been characterized in detail. Here, we comprehensively performed this analysis with Type I virulent RH, Type II avirulent ME49, and fully attenuated Type I cps1-1 strains...
2016: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27683578/features-of-memory-like-and-pd-1-human-nk-cell-subsets
#12
REVIEW
Mariella Della Chiesa, Silvia Pesce, Letizia Muccio, Simona Carlomagno, Simona Sivori, Alessandro Moretta, Emanuela Marcenaro
Human NK cells are distinguished into CD56(bright)CD16(-) cells and CD56(dim)CD16(+) cells. These two subsets are conventionally associated with differential functional outcomes and are heterogeneous with respect to the expression of KIR and CD94/NKG2 heterodimers that represent the two major types of HLA-class I-specific receptors. Recent studies indicated that immature CD56(bright) NK cells, homogeneously expressing the inhibitory CD94/NKG2A receptor, are precursors of CD56(dim) NK cells that, in turn, during their process of differentiation, lose expression of CD94/NKG2A and subsequentially acquire inhibitory KIRs and LIR-1...
2016: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27622055/natural-killer-cells-phenotypic-characterization-as-an-outcome-predictor-of-hcv-linked-hcc-after-curative-treatments
#13
Elisabetta Cariani, Massimo Pilli, Valeria Barili, Emanuela Porro, Elisabetta Biasini, Andrea Olivani, Raffaele Dalla Valle, Tommaso Trenti, Carlo Ferrari, Gabriele Missale
NK-cell number and function have been associated with cancer progression. A detailed analysis of phenotypic and functional characteristics of NK-cells in HCC is still lacking. NK-cell function is regulated by activating and inhibitory receptors determined by genetic factors and engagement with cognate ligands on transformed or infected cells. We evaluated phenotypic and functional characteristic of NK-cells in HCC patients undergoing curative treatment in relation to clinical outcome. NK-cells from 70 HCC patients undergoing resection or ablative treatment, 18 healthy volunteers and 12 cirrhotic patients with HCV-infection (controls) were phenotypically characterized...
August 2016: Oncoimmunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27621819/ifn-%C3%AE-3-polymorphism-indirectly-influences-nk-cell-phenotype-and-function-during-acute-hcv-infection
#14
Marion Depla, Sandy Pelletier, Nathalie Bédard, Camille Brunaud, Julie Bruneau, Naglaa H Shoukry
INTRODUCTION: Polymorphisms in the type III interferon IFN-λ3 and the killer cell immunoglobulin-like receptor (KIR) genes controlling the activity of natural killer (NK) cells can predict spontaneous resolution of acute hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection. We hypothesized that IFN-λ3 polymorphism may modulate NK cell function during acute HCV. METHODS: We monitored the plasma levels of type III IFNs in relation to the phenotype and the function of NK cells in a cohort of people who inject drugs (PWID) during acute HCV infection with different outcomes...
September 2016: Immunity, Inflammation and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27589686/hla-e-expression-and-its-clinical-relevance-in-human-renal-cell-carcinoma
#15
Barbara Seliger, Simon Jasinski-Bergner, Dagmar Quandt, Christine Stoehr, Juergen Bukur, Sven Wach, Wolfgang Legal, Helge Taubert, Bernd Wullich, Arndt Hartmann
The non-classical human leukocyte antigen E (HLA-E) expression is frequently overexpressed in tumor diseases, transplants and virus-infected cells and represents an immunomodulatory molecule by binding to the receptors CD94/NKG2A, -B and -C on NK and T cells. Due to its immune suppressive features HLA-E expression might represent an important mechanism of tumors to escape immune surveillance. While an aberrant expression of the non-classical HLA-G antigen in human renal cell carcinoma (RCC) has been demonstrated to be associated with a worse outcome of patients and reduced sensitivity to immune effector cell-mediated cytotoxicity, the expression and function of HLA-E has not yet been analyzed in this tumor entity...
August 31, 2016: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27565739/diversification-of-both-kir-and-nkg2-natural-killer-cell-receptor-genes-in-macaques-implications-for-highly-complex-mhc-dependent-regulation-of-natural-killer-cells
#16
Lutz Walter, Beatrix Petersen
The killer immunoglobulin-like receptors (KIR) as well as their MHC class I ligands display enormous genetic diversity and polymorphism in macaque species. Signals resulting from interaction between KIR or CD94/NKG2 receptors and their cognate MHC class I proteins essentially regulate the activity of natural killer (NK) cells. Macaque and human KIR share many features, such as clonal expression patterns, gene copy number variations, specificity for particular MHC class I allotypes, or epistasis between KIR and MHC class I genes that influence susceptibility and resistance to immunodeficiency virus infection...
August 27, 2016: Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27549806/axl-signaling-induces-development-of-natural-killer-cells-in-vitro-and-in-vivo
#17
Eun-Mi Kim, Eun-Hee Lee, Hwa-Yeon Lee, Ha-Rim Choi, Kon-Young Ji, Su-Man Kim, Kwang Dong Kim, Hyung-Sik Kang
Natural killer (NK) cells have been well known to play a critical role in innate immunity, but they are also capable of regulating adaptive immunity through the induction of T cell-mediated memory response and B cell-mediated autoimmune response. NK cells are differentiated from hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) in the bone marrow (BM), and a series of surface molecules are expressed on NK cells in a differentiation stage-specific manner. Axl receptor tyrosine kinase is originally identified as homeostatic regulators for antigen-presenting cells, and its ligand, growth-arrest-specific gene 6 (Gas6), has been reported to promote cell survival, proliferation, and migration, but their regulatory role in the development and effector function of NK cells is not yet fully understood...
August 22, 2016: Protoplasma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27525333/association-between-hla-e-gene-polymorphism-and-unexplained-recurrent-spontaneous-abortion-rsa-in-iranian-women
#18
Maryam Fotoohi, Nasrin Ghasemi, Seyed Ali Mirghanizadeh, Mahmood Vakili, Morteza Samadi
BACKGROUND: Human leukocyte antigen-E (HLA-E)is a non-classical major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class I antigens which expressed on extra villous cytotrophoblast, which interacts with NKG2A, is an inhibitory receptor on natural killer (NK) cells and leading to down regulation of immune response in the maternal-fetal interface and provides maternal immune tolerance of the fetus. OBJECTIVE: This study was designated to investigate the gene frequencies of E0101 and E0103 in HLA-E gene in Iranian women with recurrent spontaneous abortion (RSA)...
July 2016: International Journal of Reproductive Biomedicine (Yazd, Iran)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27511735/expansion-and-protection-by-a-virus-specific-nk-cell-subset-lacking-expression-of-the-inhibitory-nkr-p1b-receptor-during-murine-cytomegalovirus-infection
#19
Mir Munir A Rahim, Andrew Wight, Ahmad Bakur Mahmoud, Oscar A Aguilar, Seung-Hwan Lee, Silvia M Vidal, James R Carlyle, Andrew P Makrigiannis
NK cells play a major role in immune defense against human and murine CMV (MCMV) infection. Although the MCMV genome encodes for MHC class I-homologous decoy ligands for inhibitory NK cell receptors to evade detection, some mouse strains have evolved activating receptors, such as Ly49H, to recognize these ligands and initiate an immune response. In this study, we demonstrate that approximately half of the Ly49H-expressing (Ly49H(+)) NK cells in the spleen and liver of C57BL/6 mice also express the inhibitory NKR-P1B receptor...
September 15, 2016: Journal of Immunology: Official Journal of the American Association of Immunologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27506421/the-differential-impact-of-natural-killer-nk-cell-education-via-kir2dl3-and-kir3dl1-on-ccl4-secretion-in-the-context-of-in-vitro-hiv-infection
#20
I Lisovsky, G Isitman, A Tremblay-McLean, R Song, S DaFonseca, B Lebouchẻ, J-P Routy, J Bruneau, N F Bernard
Carriage of certain inhibitory natural killer (NK) cell receptor (iNKR)/HLA ligand pairs is associated with protection from infection and slow time to AIDS implicating NK cells in HIV control. NK cells acquire functional potential through education, which requires the engagement of iNKRs by their human leucocyte antigen (HLA) ligands. HIV infection down-regulates cell surface HLA-A/B, but not HLA-C/E. We investigated how NK cell populations expressing combinations of the iNKRs NKG2A, KIR2DL3 (2DL3) and KIR3DL1 (3DL1) responded to autologous HIV infected CD4 (iCD4) cells...
December 2016: Clinical and Experimental Immunology
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