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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29883344/indicators-of-phagocytosis-in-women-with-acne-during-comprehensive-treatment-that-included-immunotherapy-and-probiotics
#1
Orysya О Syzon, Marianna О Dashko
OBJECTIVE: Introduction: Acne is one of the most common dermatological diseases. It may have a chronic course, leaving permanent marks, and in last years has been tending to have more and more severe clinical course with widespread skin lesions. According to recent studies, the development of acne is due to the combined effect of endogenous and exogenous factors, among which endocrine diseases (quite a significant aspect), disorders of metabolic processes, reduced systemic immunity and phagocytic ability of mononuclear phagocytes and granulocytes at various stages of phagocytosis of pyogenic cocci, which contributes to more severe clinical course, and frequent relapse of this diseases...
2018: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29881526/evaluation-of-reproductive-health-status-among-women-referring-to-rural-healthcare-centers-in-neyshabur-iran-in-2017
#2
Khosheh Khaleghinezhad, Nourossadat Kariman, Fatemeh Nahidi, Abbas Ebadi, Malihe Nasiri
Background: Reproductive health is one of the most important aspects of life. Moreover, rural women constitute the largest demographic in society who are deprived of health services. Objective: To determine the reproductive health needs of rural women of reproductive age. Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted on 405 rural women referring to the rural healthcare centers of Neyshabur, Iran, in 2017. The study population was selected through random multistage sampling technique...
April 2018: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29872962/association-of-combined-tobacco-smoking-hormonal-contraceptive-use-and-status-matrimonial-with-cervical-cancer-evolution-in-tunisian-women
#3
Sabrina Zidi, Mariem Sahli, Amel Mezlini, Besma Yacoubli-Loueslati
Status matrimonial, cigarette smoking and hormonal contraceptive (HC) use have been associated with cervical cancer (CC) establishment by influencing the CC carcinogenesis process. In the present study, we aim to confirm this correlation between these factors and the risk of CC occurrence among Tunisian population. To evaluate the role of matrimonial status, smoking and HC as cofactors of CC installation, we performed a random selection of 600 women from Salah Azeiz institute in Tunisia and a questionnaire was conducted by doctors for each patient...
June 5, 2018: Pathology Oncology Research: POR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29602922/indicators-of-phagocytosis-in-women-with-acne-during-comprehensive-treatment-that-included-immunotherapy-and-probiotics
#4
Orysya О Syzon, Marianna О Dashko
OBJECTIVE: Introduction: Acne is one of the most common dermatological diseases. It may have a chronic course, leaving permanent marks, and in last years has been tending to have more and more severe clinical course with widespread skin lesions. According to recent studies, the development of acne is due to the combined effect of endogenous and exogenous factors, among which endocrine diseases (quite a significant aspect), disorders of metabolic processes, reduced systemic immunity and phagocytic ability of mononuclear phagocytes and granulocytes at various stages of phagocytosis of pyogenic cocci, which contributes to more severe clinical course, and frequent relapse of this diseases...
2018: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29596784/contraceptive-use-by-disability-status-new-national-estimates-from-the-national-survey-of-family-growth
#5
William Mosher, Rosemary B Hughes, Tina Bloom, Leah Horton, Ramin Mojtabai, Jeanne L Alhusen
OBJECTIVE: The objective was to determine population-based estimates of use of contraception among women 15-44 years of age in the United States by disability status. STUDY DESIGN: We examined the relationship between disability status and use of contraception among 7505 women at risk of unintended pregnancy using data from the 2011-2015 National Survey of Family Growth. RESULTS: After examining the full distribution of contraceptive method use by disability status, we found that disability status was significantly associated with differences in three categories of use: female sterilization, the oral contraceptive pill and nonuse of contraception...
June 2018: Contraception
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29482348/an-epidemiological-survey-of-venous-disease-among-general-practitioner-attendees-in-different-geographical-regions-on-the-globe-the-final-results-of-the-vein-consult-program
#6
Marc E Vuylsteke, Roos Colman, Sarah Thomis, Geneviève Guillaume, Damien Van Quickenborne, Ivan Staelens
This study measured the prevalence of chronic venous disease (CVD, C1-C6), chronic venous insufficiency (C3-C6) in 23 countries. The possible influence of risk factors was assessed. Patient recruitment was carried out by general practitioners. Patient characteristics, prevalence of risk factors, and C-classification were recorded. We assessed differences in prevalence and risk factors between Asia (A), Eastern Europe (EE), Latin America (LA), and Western Europe (WE). A total of 99 359 patients were included...
January 1, 2018: Angiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29466932/a-single-radioactive-iodine-treatment-has-a-deleterious-effect-on-ovarian-reserve-in-women-with-thyroid-cancer-results-of-a-prospective-pilot-study
#7
Iris Yaish, Foad Azem, Orit Gutfeld, Zmira Silman, Merav Serebro, Orli Sharon, Gabi Shefer, Rona Limor, Naftali Stern, Karen M Tordjman
BACKGROUND: Women of reproductive age with differentiated thyroid cancer (DTC) often need radioactive iodine (RAI) treatment after surgery. In contrast to the well-documented effect of RAI on testicular function, the potential negative effects of this treatment on ovarian reserve have been largely dismissed. The objective of this pilot study was to examine the possibility that RAI treatment is deleterious to the ovarian reserve by prospectively measuring the concentration of anti-Müllerian hormone (AMH) after RAI treatment...
April 2018: Thyroid: Official Journal of the American Thyroid Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29463142/levonorgestrel-emergency-contraceptive-pills-use-during-breastfeeding-effect-on-infants-health-and-development
#8
Omar M Shaaban, Ahmed M Abbas, Hanaa R Mahmoud, Entsar M Yones, Ahmed Mahmoud, Mahmoud S Zakherah
OBJECTIVE: The current study aims to evaluate the effect of the use of single packet of levonorgestrel emergency contraceptive pills (LNG-ECPs) during breastfeeding on the health and development of the nursing infant. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The current study was an ancillary observational cohort study carried out in a university hospital. We counseled all women delivered and planning birth-space and breastfeed for at least 1 year for participation during postpartum hospital stay...
February 20, 2018: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29411046/-the-use-of-free-of-charge-prescription-contraceptives-among-women-results-of-a-pilot-project-in-the-german-federal-state-of-mecklenburg-western-pomerania
#9
Sabina Ulbricht, Angelika Beyer, Ulrich John
BACKGROUND: There is a connection between the receipt of unemployment benefits and the failure to use contraceptives in Germany. This study aims to understand the use of contraceptives among women entitled to unemployment benefits under the Sozialgesetzbuch II or XII (SGB II or SGB XII), prior and during an offer of contraceptives free of charge (CFOC). METHODS: The criteria for the use of CFOC (pill, intrauterine device, or ring) over a 12-month period were: age between 20 and 35 years, resident in predefined urban or rural postal codes in the German federal state of Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania, and participation in a self-administered survey...
April 2018: Bundesgesundheitsblatt, Gesundheitsforschung, Gesundheitsschutz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29399834/mobile-izing-adolescent-sexual-and-reproductive-health-care-a-pilot-study-using-a-mobile-health-unit-in-chicago
#10
Lilja S Stefansson, M Elizabeth Webb, Luciana E Hebert, Lisa Masinter, Melissa L Gilliam
BACKGROUND: Adolescents experience numerous barriers to obtaining sexual and reproductive health care (SRHC). Mobile Health Units (MHUs) can remove some barriers by traveling to the community. This pilot study developed Mobile SRHC through an iterative process on an existing MHU and evaluated it among adolescents and providers. METHODS: Mobile SRHC was developed through a mixed-method, multiphase study. Three key informant interviews with MHU providers, an adolescent needs assessment survey, and a Youth Model Development Session informed model development...
March 2018: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29395780/interest-in-over-the-counter-access-to-a-progestin-only-pill-among-women-in-the-united-states
#11
Kate Grindlay, Daniel Grossman
BACKGROUND: A progestin-only pill may be the first pill formulation to become available over the counter in the United States; however, no research on over-the-counter (OTC) pill interest has focused on progestin-only pills or a representative sample of teens. The objective of this study was to assess U.S. women and teens' interest in OTC progestin-only pill use. METHODS: In October 2015, we conducted a nationally representative, cross-sectional, online survey with 2,026 sexually active adult women aged 18 to 44 not currently desiring pregnancy, and 513 female teens aged 15 to 17...
March 2018: Women's Health Issues: Official Publication of the Jacobs Institute of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29180907/clinical-behavior-of-a-cohort-of-adult-women-with-facial-acne-treated-with-combined-oral-contraceptive-ethinylestradiol-20-%C3%A2%C2%B5g-dienogest-2-mg
#12
John Palacio-Cardona, Diana María Caicedo Borrero
Acne vulgaris is the most common skin disease. It affects the young adult female population and generates great impact on physical and mental health. One of the treatments with good results for affected women is combined oral contraceptive pills (COCPs). The aim of this study was to determine the clinical effect of facial acne management with ethinylestradiol 20 µg/dienogest 2 mg in a cohort of Colombian adult women. A cohort of 120 female university students was followed for 12 months. These participants were enrolled in the Sexual and Reproductive Health Program of the Santiago de Cali University...
2017: International Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117764/counseling-and-in-advance-provision-of-levonorgestrel-emergency-contraceptive-pills-decrease-the-rate-of-unplanned-pregnancy-during-breastfeeding-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#13
Omar M Shaaban, Ahmed M Abbas, Hanaa R Mahmoud, Entsar M Yones, Shaimaa G Hassen, Mahmoud S Zakherah
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of counseling and in-advance provision of levonorgestrel emergency contraceptive pills (LNG-ECPs) during postpartum counseling on the incidence of occurrence of unplanned pregnancy during breastfeeding. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The current study is an open-label, parallel, randomized controlled trial carried out in a university hospital in Egypt. All women who delivered and planning to birth-space and breastfeed for at least 1 year were approached for participation during postpartum hospital stay...
November 8, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097175/characteristics-of-patients-and-patterns-of-chronic-venous-disease-of-the-lower-limbs-in-a-referral-hospital-in-cameroon
#14
Marcus Fokou, Boniface Moifo, Emmanuel Fongang, Abel Teyang, Wallinjon Muna
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to investigate the magnitude of chronic venous disease (CVD) in sub-Saharan Africa, specifically the characteristics of the patients, the symptoms, the signs, and the severity. METHODS: From December 2013 to December 2016, a cross-sectional study was conducted of all consecutive patients with CVD aged ≥18 years and attending the outpatient clinic of the Yaoundé General Hospital in Cameroon. We recorded information on demographics, relevant medical history, symptoms, lifestyle, and clinical presentation...
January 2018: Journal of Vascular Surgery. Venous and Lymphatic Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043903/feminism-biomedicine-and-the-reproductive-destiny-of-women-in-clinical-texts-on-the-birth-control-pill
#15
Andrea Carson
The birth control pill is one of the most popular forms of contraception in North America and has been a key player in women's rights activism for over 50 years. In this paper, I conduct a feminist deconstructive analysis of 12 biomedical texts on the birth control pill, published between 1965 and 2016. This study is situated amongst the feminist scholarship that challenges the representation of women's bodies in biomedicine. Findings suggest that clinical texts on the birth control pill continue to universalise women's lives and experiences, and essentialise them based on their reproductive capacities...
October 18, 2017: Culture, Health & Sexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28961096/fertile-ground-work-at-mit-s-center-for-gynepathology-research-is-revealing-how-tissue-engineering-can-help-address-gynecological-disorders
#16
Jennifer Berglund
At the age of 14, Linda Griffith experienced such abnormally painful periods that her doctor had already put her on birth control pills. They helped but only a little. In graduate school, a boyfriend convinced her to go off the pills, and her periods became so painful, she couldn't walk.
September 2017: IEEE Pulse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28953079/associations-between-type-and-route-of-hormone-use-on-urinary-incontinence-and-pelvic-organ-prolapse-in-premenopausal-and-postmenopausal-women
#17
Olivia Orlinda Cardenas-Trowers, Mark Borgstrom, Ilana Addis
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the associations between type and route of hormone use and urinary incontinence (UI) and pelvic organ prolapse (POP) in premenopausal and postmenopausal women. METHODS: The authors used the National Health and Nutritional Examination Survey database for data from 2005-2006, 2007-2008, 2009-2010, and 2011-2012. Seven thousand sixty-six of the women included were premenopausal, and 5387 were postmenopausal. Premenopausal women were younger than 51 years and reported menstrual periods in the last 12 months...
March 2018: Female Pelvic Medicine & Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903472/gnrh-antagonist-versus-long-agonist-protocols-in-ivf-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-accounting-for-patient-type
#18
REVIEW
C B Lambalk, F R Banga, J A Huirne, M Toftager, A Pinborg, R Homburg, F van der Veen, M van Wely
BACKGROUND: Most reviews of IVF ovarian stimulation protocols have insufficiently accounted for various patient populations, such as ovulatory women, women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) or women with poor ovarian response, and have included studies in which the agonist or antagonist was not the only variable between the compared study arms. OBJECTIVE AND RATIONALE: The aim of the current study was to compare GnRH antagonist protocols versus standard long agonist protocols in couples undergoing IVF or ICSI, while accounting for various patient populations and treatment schedules...
September 1, 2017: Human Reproduction Update
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893235/inadequate-birth-spacing-is-perceived-as-riskier-than-all-family-planning-methods-except-sterilization-and-abortion-in-a-qualitative-study-among-urban-nigerians
#19
Hilary M Schwandt, Joanna Skinner, Luciana Estelle Hebert, Lisa Cobb, Abdulmumin Saad, Mojisola Odeku
BACKGROUND: Fertility is high in Nigeria and contraceptive use is low. Little is known about how urban Nigerians perceive the risk of contraceptive use in relation to pregnancy and birth. This study examines and compares the risk perception of family planning methods and pregnancy related scenarios among urban Nigerians. METHODS: A total of 26 focus group discussions with 243 participants were conducted in September and October 2010 in Ibadan and Kaduna. The groups were stratified by sex, age, family planning use, and city...
September 11, 2017: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710636/biotransformation-of-dhea-into-7%C3%AE-15%C3%AE-dioh-dhea
#20
Hui Li, Jin Sun, Zhenghong Xu
3β,7α,15α-Trihydroxy-5-androsten-17-one (7α,15α-diOH-DHEA) is a key intermediate of the novel oral contraceptive "Yasmin" (widely used in birth control pills and postmenopausal hormone replacement therapy pills; the active ingredient is drospirenone). It can be synthesized from dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) by microbial dihydroxylation at the C7 and C15 positions. Here we describe the method of bioconversion from DHEA into 7α,15α-diOH-DHEA by Colletotrichum lini. Using 6 g/L DHEA as a substrate, the DHEA conversion and the 7α,15α-diOH-DHEA molar yield were 72...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
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