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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27760506/fifty-shades-ambivalence-about-birth-control-in-an-erotic-bestseller-and-its-cultural-implications
#1
Waltraud Maierhofer, Emanuella Israel
The Fifty Shades trilogy by E.L. James has taken the world by storm and become a cultural phenomenon. The lack of contraceptive use in the erotic fiction, first pointed out by bloggers, is analysed in this article and compared to medical information. James may be praised for sexualising condom use. However, her protagonist makes poor choices in terms of hormonal contraception and is negligent about its use, resulting in an unintended pregnancy and resolved in marital bliss and motherhood. What is of more interest here than a possible message about contraceptive use, is the outcome that the fiction's negligence in birth control and responsibility affirms an ideology in which female sexuality and sexual experimentation can only be tolerated within the context of procreation and affirmation of motherhood...
October 20, 2016: Culture, Health & Sexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27701927/chlamydia-screening-and-prophylactic-treatment-in-termination-of-pregnancy-clinics-in-the-netherlands-and-great-britain-a-qualitative-study
#2
Georgina F van den Berg, Charles Picavet, Rianne Hoopman, Patricia A Lohr, Eline L M Op de Coul
BACKGROUND: Women having a termination of pregnancy (TOP) have higher rates of Chlamydia trachomatis (CT) than the general population. In this study, we explored CT treatment and prevention in Dutch TOP clinics in comparison to that provided in Great Britain (GB). METHODS: A qualitative study including 14 semi-structured interviews with health care professionals (HCPs) in TOP clinics (the Netherlands: 9, GB: 5). Interviews were recorded, transcribed, and analysed by thematic content analysis...
October 5, 2016: European Journal of Contraception & Reproductive Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27690666/do-oral-contraceptives-increase-epileptic-seizures
#3
Doodipala Samba Reddy
Hormonal contraceptives are used by over 100 million people worldwide. Recently, there has been an emerging interest in studying the potential impact of oral contraceptives (OCs) on certain neurological conditions. It has been suspected for some time that hormonal birth control increases seizure activity in women with epilepsy, but there is little supportive data. Areas Covered: Literature from PubMed and online sources was analyzed with respect to hormonal contraception and epilepsy or seizures. New evidence indicates that OCs can cause an increase in seizures in women with epilepsy...
October 3, 2016: Expert Review of Neurotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27516193/could-the-erythrocyte-indices-or-serum-ferritin-predict-the-therapeutic-response-to-a-trial-with-oral-iron-during-pregnancy-results-from-the-accuracy-study-for-maternal-anaemia-diagnosis-ama
#4
Cristiane Campello Bresani Salvi, Maria Cynthia Braga, José Natal Figueirôa, Malaquias Batista Filho
BACKGROUND: Treatment of maternal iron-deficiency anaemia can reduce risks of prematurity and low birth weight; hence a reliable diagnosis of maternal iron needs is critical. However, erythrocyte indices and serum ferritin have shown a weak correlation with iron status during pregnancy. This study verified the accuracy of those tests to predict the responsiveness to a therapeutic test with oral iron as reference standard for iron deficiency in pregnant women. METHODS: A prospective diagnostic study phase 3 was conducted in a single prenatal care center in Northeast Brazil...
2016: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27499360/exploring-the-risk-factors-for-differences-in-the-cumulative-incidence-of-coeliac-disease-in-two-neighboring-countries-the-prospective-diabimmune-study
#5
Kärt Simre, Oivi Uibo, Aleksandr Peet, Vallo Tillmann, Pille Kool, Anu-Maaria Hämäläinen, Taina Härkönen, Heli Siljander, Suvi Virtanen, Jorma Ilonen, Mikael Knip, Raivo Uibo
BACKGROUND: During the last several decades the prevalence of coeliac disease (CD) has increased worldwide. AIM: To compare the cumulative incidence of CD between Estonian and Finnish children and to identify the risk factors. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Children were recruited as part of the DIABIMMUNE Study. In the birth cohort (BC) 258 children from Estonia and 305 from Finland, and in the young children's cohort (YCC) 1363 and 1384 children were followed up, respectively...
July 6, 2016: Digestive and Liver Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27476434/effects-of-developmental-exposure-to-bisphenol-a-and-ethinyl-estradiol-on-spatial-navigational-learning-and-memory-in-painted-turtles-chrysemys-picta
#6
Lindsey K Manshack, Caroline M Conard, Sarah A Johnson, Jorden M Alex, Sara J Bryan, Sharon L Deem, Dawn K Holliday, Mark R Ellersieck, Cheryl S Rosenfeld
Developmental exposure of turtles and other reptiles to endocrine disrupting chemicals (EDCs), including bisphenol A (BPA) and ethinyl estradiol (EE2, estrogen present in birth control pills), can induce partial to full gonadal sex-reversal in males. No prior studies have considered whether in ovo exposure to EDCs disrupts normal brain sexual differentiation. Yet, rodent model studies indicate early exposure to these chemicals disturbs sexually selected behavioral traits, including spatial navigational learning and memory...
September 2016: Hormones and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27434930/vaccines-birth-control-pills-and-physician-well-being
#7
Rose M Ramirez
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2016: Michigan Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27353385/school-based-interventions-for-improving-contraceptive-use-in-adolescents
#8
REVIEW
Laureen M Lopez, Alissa Bernholc, Mario Chen, Elizabeth E Tolley
BACKGROUND: Young women, especially adolescents, often lack access to modern contraception. Reasons vary by geography and regional politics and culture. The projected 2015 birth rate in 'developing' regions was 56 per 1000 compared with 17 per 1000 for 'developed' regions. OBJECTIVES: To identify school-based interventions that improved contraceptive use among adolescents SEARCH METHODS: Until 6 June 2016, we searched for eligible trials in PubMed, CENTRAL, ERIC, Web of Science, POPLINE, ClinicalTrials...
2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27343747/the-birth-control-pill-thromboembolic-disease-science-and-the-media-a-historical-review-of-the-relationship
#9
REVIEW
Elyse Lackie, Amy Fairchild
The introduction of the birth control pill (the Pill) in 1960 revolutionized the options for contraception, sparking vibrant discussion in the scientific and social science literature and in the media. Much attention focused on issues of women's rights, including ethics and personal choice. But the Pill also introduced new questions about risk. Shortly after its introduction, the risk of thromboembolic disease was recognized [1]. After more than half a century, controversies about the relationship between the Pill and thromboembolic disease have persisted...
October 2016: Contraception
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27262070/study-on-prevention-effect-of-zishen-yutai-pill-combined-with-progesterone-for-threatened-abortion-in-rats
#10
Yi Zhang, Wei Yan, Pu-Feng Ge, Yan Li, Qian Ye
OBJECTIVE: To observe preventive and therapeutic effects and the mechanism of actions on Zishen Yutai pill combined with progesterone on threatened abortion in rats. METHODS: After pregnancy, 50 SPF female SD rats were selected and divided into control group, model group, progesterone group, Zishen Yutai pill group, and progesterone plus Zishen Yutai pill group (combination group), with 10 rats in each group. The rats of control group and abortion model group were lavaged with 2 mL/kg normal saline on pregnancy day 1 for continuous 10 days...
June 2016: Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27206228/differential-impact-of-contraceptive-methods-on-seizures-varies-by-antiepileptic-drug-category-findings-of-the-epilepsy-birth-control-registry
#11
Andrew G Herzog, Hannah B Mandle, Kaitlyn E Cahill, Kristen M Fowler, W Allen Hauser
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to determine whether categories of contraception differ in their impact on seizures in women with epilepsy and whether the impact varies by antiepileptic drug category. METHODS: Retrospective survey data came from 2712 contraceptive experiences reported by 1144 women with epilepsy. We compared risk ratios for reports of increase and decrease in seizure frequency on hormonal versus nonhormonal contraception, stratified by antiepileptic drug categories...
July 2016: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27126581/gonadotrophin-releasing-hormone-antagonists-for-assisted-reproductive-technology
#12
REVIEW
Hesham G Al-Inany, Mohamed A Youssef, Reuben Olugbenga Ayeleke, Julie Brown, Wai Sun Lam, Frank J Broekmans
BACKGROUND: Gonadotrophin-releasing hormone (GnRH) antagonists can be used to prevent a luteinizing hormone (LH) surge during controlled ovarian hyperstimulation (COH) without the hypo-oestrogenic side-effects, flare-up, or long down-regulation period associated with agonists. The antagonists directly and rapidly inhibit gonadotrophin release within several hours through competitive binding to pituitary GnRH receptors. This property allows their use at any time during the follicular phase...
2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27114092/does-botulinum-neurotoxin-type-a-treatment-for-sialorrhea-change-oral-health
#13
Janne Tiigimäe-Saar, Pille Taba, Tiia Tamme
OBJECTIVES: Botulinum neurotoxin type A (BNT-A) intrasalivary gland injections in patients with neurological disorders have been known to effectively treat hypersalivation. However, oral health can be compromised with increasing the dose. The aim of this study was to find out the therapeutic effect of low-dose, ultrasonography-controlled BNT-A injections into the bilateral parotid and submandibular glands on oral health in the treatment of sialorrhea. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Twenty patients diagnosed with Parkinson's disease (PD), amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), and other neurological disorders, including stroke or birth trauma, received BNT-A injections with salivary tests before and 1 month after the injections...
April 26, 2016: Clinical Oral Investigations
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27113551/at-10-years-of-chlormadinone-use-in-latin-america-a-review
#14
Patricio Barriga P, Nicola Ambrosi Penazzo, Marta Franco Finotti, Alfredo A Celis, Oscar Cerdas, Jorge Armando Chávez, Luis Alfredo Cuitiño, César Eduardo Fernandes, Manuel Antonio Plata, José Tirán-Saucedo, Paula Sofía Vanhauwaert
Chlormadinone acetate (CMA) is a progesterone derivative (17α-acetoxy-6-chloro-4,6-pregnadiene-3,20-dione), first synthesized in 1961. It was used as progestin-based hormone replacement therapy; since 1999 it was first used for oral contraception combined with ethinyl estradiol (EE). CMA exerts a potent progestagenic effect, about one third higher than that observed with endogenous progesterone. CMA is also an anti-estrogen, showing no androgenic effects (at birth control dose). Unlike progesterone, it has a mild glucosteroidal effect with no anti-mineralocorticoid effect at all...
July 2016: Gynecological Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27089445/mummichog-fundulus-heteroclitus-continue-to-successfully-produce-eggs-after-exposure-to-high-levels-of-17%C3%AE-ethinylestradiol
#15
Thijs Bosker, Kelly R Munkittrick, Andrea Lister, Deborah L MacLatchy
17α-Ethinylestradiol (EE2) is a potent estrogen used in birth-control pills. Previous laboratory and field studies have shown negative impacts in a variety of fish species after exposure to low levels of EE2, most notably a nearly complete shutdown of egg production. The present study demonstrates that mummichog (Fundulus heteroclitus), a small-bodied estuarine species, is able to continue to produce eggs after exposure for 28 d to 100 ng of EE2/L. No effect of EE2 on egg production was observed, whereas a >35-fold increase in vitellogenin (vtg 1) gene expression in males was found...
May 2016: Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27083761/in-utero-treatment-of-congenital-cytomegalovirus-infection-with-valacyclovir-in-a-multicenter-open-label-phase-ii-study
#16
Marianne Leruez-Ville, Idir Ghout, Laurence Bussières, Julien Stirnemann, Jean-François Magny, Sophie Couderc, Laurent J Salomon, Tiffany Guilleminot, Philippe Aegerter, Guillaume Benoist, Norbert Winer, Olivier Picone, François Jacquemard, Yves Ville
BACKGROUND: Congenital infection with human cytomegalovirus is a major cause of morbidity and mortality. A randomized controlled trial showed that high-dosage valacyclovir prevents cytomegalovirus disease in transplant recipients. Fetuses showing ultrasound features of infection are at high risk of being symptomatic at or before birth. In a pilot study, oral administration of high-dosage valacyclovir to mothers significantly decreased viral load and produced therapeutic concentrations in the blood of infected fetuses...
October 2016: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27059507/combined-hormonal-contraception-use-in-reproductive-age-women-with-contraindications-to-estrogen-use
#17
Julianne R Lauring, Erik B Lehman, Timothy A Deimling, Richard S Legro, Cynthia H Chuang
BACKGROUND: The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's US Medical Eligibility Criteria for Contraceptive Use recommends that combined hormonal contraceptives (ie, birth control pills, contraceptive patch, vaginal ring) should be avoided in women with specific medical conditions because of the increased risk of cardiovascular events associated with estrogen use. Whether women with category 3 (theoretical or proven risk usually outweigh the advantages) or category 4 (unacceptable health risk) contraindications are appropriately avoiding estrogen-containing combined hormonal contraceptives is unknown...
September 2016: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27036300/the-intensive-and-extensive-margins-of-contraceptive-use-comparing-the-effects-of-method-choice-and-method-initiation
#18
Adam Thomas, Quentin Karpilow
OBJECTIVES: The risk of pregnancy is estimated to be 20 times as high among women who use oral contraception, and 90 times as high among condom users, as among women who use certain long-acting contraceptive methods. We explored the population-level implications of this variation in contraceptive efficacy. STUDY DESIGN: We used the FamilyScape 3.0 microsimulation model to study the effects on the nonmarital pregnancy rate of movements along two different margins of contraceptive behavior: the extensive margin, which captures decisions about whether to initiate use of any method of contraception among noncontraceptors; and the intensive margin, which captures the choice of methods among contraceptors...
August 2016: Contraception
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26974492/long-acting-reversible-contraception-and-condom-use-among-female-us-high-school-students-implications-for-sexually-transmitted-infection-prevention
#19
Riley J Steiner, Nicole Liddon, Andrea L Swartzendruber, Catherine N Rasberry, Jessica M Sales
IMPORTANCE: Long-acting reversible contraception (LARC), specifically intrauterine devices and implants, offers an unprecedented opportunity to reduce unintended pregnancies among adolescents because it is highly effective even with typical use. However, adolescent LARC users may be less likely to use condoms for preventing sexually transmitted infections compared with users of moderately effective contraceptive methods (ie, oral, Depo-Provera injection, patch, and ring contraceptives)...
May 1, 2016: JAMA Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26960906/the-current-status-of-oral-contraceptives-progress-and-recent-innovations
#20
Alexandra Golobof, Jessica Kiley
Millions of women in the United States and abroad use oral contraceptive pills. These popular contraceptives are the most common reversible birth control method in the United States, and a wide variety of pills are available for prescription. Oral contraceptives provide safe and effective protection against pregnancy and offer several noncontraceptive benefits. Over the years, advances in the laboratory and knowledge gained through epidemiologic data promoted the development of new contraceptive preparations...
May 2016: Seminars in Reproductive Medicine
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