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Articular Cartlidge

M Orazizadeh, C Cartlidge, M O Wright, S J Millward-Sadler, J Nieman, B P Halliday, H-S Lee, D M Salter
Metabolic, biochemical and biomechanical differences between ankle and knee joint cartilage and chondrocytes including resistance to the effects of catabolic cytokines and fibronectin fragments may be relevant to differences in prevalence of OA in these joints. Although there is increasing information available on how chondrocytes from knee and hip joint cartilage recognise and respond to mechanical stimuli, knowledge of mechanotransduction in ankle joint chondrocytes is limited. This study was undertaken to (i) establish whether the response of normal ankle joint derived chondrocytes to mechanical stimulation in vitro was similar to that of normal and osteoarthritic knee joint derived chondrocytes and (ii) to investigate whether these chondrocytes showed differences in expression of integrin associated regulatory and signalling molecules...
2006: Biorheology
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