keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

DSM 5

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651226/insight-in-body-dysmorphic-disorder-bdd-relative-to-obsessive-compulsive-disorder-ocd-and-psychotic-disorders-revisiting-this-issue-in-light-of-dsm-5
#1
Wei Lin Toh, David J Castle, Rachel L Mountjoy, Ben Buchanan, John Farhall, Susan L Rossell
INTRODUCTION: In DSM-5, body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) was reclassified under the obsessive-compulsive and related disorders (OCRDs), but little is known about the nature of BDD beliefs. This study aimed to compare level of insight in BDD and consider related implications for DSM-5 classification. METHOD: Participants were 27 BDD, 19 obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), and 20 psychosis (SZ) participants as well as 42 non-clinical controls (NC), who completed the Brown Assessment of Beliefs Scale (BABS) and Peters Delusions Inventory (PDI)...
June 8, 2017: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650741/microbial-culturomics-application-for-global-health-noncontiguous-finished-genome-sequence-and-description-of-pseudomonas-massiliensis-strain-cb-1-t-sp-nov-in-brazil
#2
Lucie Bardet, Teresa Cimmino, Clémence Buffet, Caroline Michelle, Jaishriram Rathored, Fatalmoudou Tandina, Jean-Christophe Lagier, Saber Khelaifia, Jônatas Abrahão, Didier Raoult, Jean-Marc Rolain
Culturomics is a new postgenomics field that explores the microbial diversity of the human gut coupled with taxono-genomic strategy. Culturomics, and the microbiome science more generally, are anticipated to transform global health diagnostics and inform the ways in which gut microbial diversity contributes to human health and disease, and by extension, to personalized medicine. Using culturomics, we report in this study the description of strain CB1(T) ( = CSUR P1334 = DSM 29075), a new species isolated from a stool specimen from a 37-year-old Brazilian woman...
June 26, 2017: Omics: a Journal of Integrative Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650359/outcomes-of-concurrent-operations-results-from-the-american-college-of-surgeons-national-surgical-quality-improvement-program
#3
Jason B Liu, Julia R Berian, Kristen A Ban, Yaoming Liu, Mark E Cohen, Peter Angelos, Jeffrey B Matthews, David B Hoyt, Bruce L Hall, Clifford Y Ko
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether concurrently performed operations are associated with an increased risk for adverse events. BACKGROUND: Concurrent operations occur when a surgeon is simultaneously responsible for critical portions of 2 or more operations. How this practice affects patient outcomes is unknown. METHODS: Using American College of Surgeons' National Surgical Quality Improvement Program data from 2014 to 2015, operations were considered concurrent if they overlapped by ≥60 minutes or in their entirety...
June 22, 2017: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649302/differential-predictors-of-dsm-5-ptsd-and-icd-11-complex-ptsd-among-african-american-women
#4
Abigail Powers, Negar Fani, Sierra Carter, Dorthie Cross, Marylene Cloitre, Bekh Bradley
Background: Complex posttraumatic stress disorder (CPTSD) is proposed for inclusion in the ICD-11 as a diagnosis distinct from posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), reflecting deficits in affective, self-concept, and relational domains. There remains significant controversy over whether CPTSD provides useful diagnostic information beyond PTSD and other comorbid conditions, such as depression or substance use disorders. Objective: The present study examined differences in psychiatric presentation for three groups: traumatized controls, DSM-5 PTSD subjects, and ICD-11 CPTSD subjects...
2017: European Journal of Psychotraumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649298/neuroimaging-the-traumatized-self-fmri-reveals-altered-response-in-cortical-midline-structures-and-occipital-cortex-during-visual-and-verbal-self-and-other-referential-processing-in-women-with-ptsd
#5
Paul Frewen, Elizabeth Thornley, Daniela Rabellino, Ruth Lanius
Background: Changes to the diagnostic criteria for PTSD in DSM-5 reflect an increased emphasis on negative cognition referring to self and other, including self-blame, and related pervasive negative affective states including for self-conscious emotions such as guilt and shame. Objective: Investigate the neural correlates of valenced self-referential processing (SRP) and other-referential processing (ORP) in persons with PTSD. Method: We compared response to the Visual-Verbal Self-Other Referential Processing Task in an fMRI study of women with (n = 20) versus without (n = 24) PTSD primarily relating to childhood and interpersonal trauma histories using statistical parametric mapping and group independent component analysis...
2017: European Journal of Psychotraumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649212/similarities-and-differences-between-individuals-seeking-treatment-for-gambling-problems-vs-alcohol-and-substance-use-problems-in-relation-to-the-progressive-model-of-self-stigma
#6
Belle Gavriel-Fried, Tal Rabayov
Aims: People with gambling as well as substance use problems who are exposed to public stigmatization may internalize and apply it to themselves through a mechanism known as self-stigma. This study implemented the Progressive Model for Self-Stigma which consists four sequential interrelated stages: awareness, agreement, application and harm on three groups of individuals with gambling, alcohol and other substance use problems. It explored whether the two guiding assumptions of this model (each stage is precondition for the following stage which are trickle-down in nature, and correlations between proximal stages should be larger than correlations between more distant stages) would differentiate people with gambling problems from those with alcohol and other substance use problems in terms of their patterns of self-stigma and in terms of the stages in the model...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646729/the-structure-of-ptsd-symptoms-according-to-dsm-5-and-idc-11-proposal-a-multi-sample-analysis
#7
M Cyniak-Cieciura, K Staniaszek, A Popiel, E Pragłowska, B Zawadzki
Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms structure is a subject of ongoing debate since its inclusion in DSM-III classification in 1980. Different research on PTSD symptoms structure proved the better fit of four-factor and five-factor models comparing to the one proposed by DSM-IV. With the publication of DSM-5 classification, which introduced significant changes to PTSD diagnosis, the question arises about the adequacy of the proposed criteria to the real structure of disorder symptoms. Recent analyses suggest that seven-factor hybrid model is the best reflection of symptoms structure proposed to date...
May 4, 2017: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646634/marinisporobacter-balticus-gen-nov-sp-nov-desulfosporosinus-nitroreducens-sp-nov-and-desulfosporosinus-fructosivorans-sp-nov-new-spore-forming-bacteria-isolated-from-subsurface-sediments-of-the-baltic-sea
#8
Verona Vandieken, Helge Niemann, Bert Engelen, Heribert Cypionka
Four novel Gram-stain-positive, endospore-forming bacteria of the order Clostridiales were isolated from subsurface sediments sampled during International Ocean Discovery Program Expedition 347 to the Baltic Sea. One strain (59.4MT) grew as an obligate heterotroph by aerobic respiration and anaerobically by fermentation. Optimum growth was observed with 0.5 % NaCl at 25 °C and pH 7.0-7.3. Analysis of 16S rRNA gene sequences of 59.4MT revealed Alkaliphilus transvaalensis (92.3 % identity), Candidatus Geosporobacter ferrireducens (92...
June 20, 2017: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645075/a-prospective-follow-up-study-of-younger-and-older-subjects-with-pathological-gambling
#9
Donald W Black, William Coryell, Brett McCormick, Martha Shaw, Jeff Allen
Pathological gambling (PG) is a common and costly public health problem associated with impaired quality of life and high suicide rates. Despite its frequency in the general population, PG course is poorly understood in older adults who are especially vulnerable to its devastating consequences. We enrolled 175 subjects in a longitudinal study of gambling behavior: our case group of 53 older adults with PG (≥ 60 years), and two comparison groups including 72 younger adults with PG (< 40 years) and 50 older adults without PG (≥ 60 years)...
June 13, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645024/prevalence-of-depression-comparisons-of-different-depression-definitions-in-population-based-samples-of-older-adults
#10
Linnea Sjöberg, Björn Karlsson, Anna-Rita Atti, Ingmar Skoog, Laura Fratiglioni, Hui-Xin Wang
BACKGROUND: Depression prevalence in older adults varies largely across studies, which probably reflects methodological rather than true differences. This study aims to explore whether and to what extent the prevalence of depression varies when using different diagnostic criteria and rating scales, and various samples of older adults. METHODS: A population-based sample of 3353 individuals aged 60-104 years from the Swedish National Study on Aging and Care in Kungsholmen (SNAC-K) were examined in 2001-2004...
June 13, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645017/examining-anxiety-sensitivity-as-a-mediator-of-the-association-between-ptsd-symptoms-and-suicide-risk-among-women-firefighters
#11
Ian H Stanley, Melanie A Hom, Sally Spencer-Thomas, Thomas E Joiner
OBJECTIVE: Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms are associated with increased suicide risk. Anxiety sensitivity (AS)-the fear of anxiety-related sensations-is both a vulnerability factor for and consequence of PTSD symptoms. AS also predicts suicide risk. To our knowledge, no study has examined whether AS concerns account for the association between PTSD symptoms and suicide risk. METHOD: A total of 254 women firefighters completed a web-based mental health survey...
June 13, 2017: Journal of Anxiety Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644055/regulation-of-transient-receptor-potential-melastatin-4-channel-by-sarcoplasmic-reticulum-inositol-triphosphate-receptors-role-in-human-detrusor-smooth-muscle-function
#12
Aaron Provence, Eric S Rovner, Georgi V Petkov
We recently reported key physiological roles for Ca(2+)-activated transient receptor potential melastatin 4 (TRPM4) channels in detrusor smooth muscle (DSM). However, the Ca(2+)-signaling mechanisms governing TRPM4 channel activity in human DSM cells are unexplored. As the TRPM4 channels are activated by Ca(2+), inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate receptor (IP3R)-mediated Ca(2+) release from the sarcoplasmic reticulum represents a potential Ca(2+) source for TRPM4 channel activation. We used clinically-characterized human DSM tissues to investigate the molecular and functional interactions of the IP3Rs and TRPM4 channels...
June 23, 2017: Channels
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642983/-hebephrenia-a%C3%A2-viable-psychopathological-construct
#13
REVIEW
M Jäger, T Becker, M E Wigand
Ewald Hecker was the first psychiatrist to describe the disease entity of hebephrenia in some detail, focusing mainly on disturbances of affect. Later Emil Kraepelin and Eugen Bleuler saw hebephrenia as a subtype of dementia praecox or schizophrenia. Willy Mayer-Gross and Karl Leonhard characterized hebephrenia with highly differentiated psychopathological descriptions, whereas this construct only played a minor role in the works of Klaus Conrad and Kurt Schneider. The International Classification of Diseases (ICD-10) lists hebephrenia as a subtype of schizophrenia but in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5) no subtypes of schizophrenia are mentioned and the concept of hebephrenia is thus lost...
June 22, 2017: Der Nervenarzt
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642720/depressive-symptomatology-among-norwegian-adolescent-boys-and-girls-the-patient-health-questionnaire-9-phq-9-psychometric-properties-and-correlates
#14
Jasmina Burdzovic Andreas, Geir S Brunborg
This study explored the potential contribution of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual for Mental Disorders (DSM-IV)-based Patient Health Questionnaire-9 item (PHQ-9) instrument to the developmental epidemiology research in Norway, by examining depressive symptoms in a school sample of adolescents (N = 846). The average PHQ-9 scores were 6.89 (SD = 5.13) for girls, and 4.57 (SD = 3.98) for boys; 8.5% of girls and 2.6% of boys were classified into the originally proposed categories indicative of Major Depressive Disorder (MDD; PHQ-9 scores ≥ 15)...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641059/the-latent-structure-of-social-anxiety-disorder-and-the-performance-only-specifier-a-taxometric-analysis
#15
Grace B Boyers, Joshua J Broman-Fulks, David P Valentiner, Kathleen McCraw, Lisa Curtin, Kurt D Michael
Social anxiety disorder (SAD) is often treated as a discrete diagnostic entity that represents a naturally occurring class, though empirical evidence largely supports a dimensional conceptualization of social fears. Further, the inclusion of a "performance only" specifier in the DSM-5 implies that individuals who experience intense social anxiety exclusively in performance situations are distinct from those with broader social fears. The purpose of the present research was to examine the latent structure of SAD and the DSM-5 "performance only" specifier in a large nonclinical sample (n = 2019)...
June 22, 2017: Cognitive Behaviour Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640989/stimulant-treatment-trajectories-are-associated-with-neural-reward-processing-in-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#16
Lizanne J S Schweren, Annabeth Groenman, Daniel von Rhein, Wouter Weeda, Stephen F Faraone, Marjolein Luman, Hanneke van Ewijk, Dirk J Heslenfeld, Barbara Franke, Jan K Buitelaar, Jaap Oosterlaan, Pieter J Hoekstra, Catharina A Hartman
OBJECTIVE: The past decades have seen a surge in stimulant prescriptions for the treatment of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Stimulants acutely alleviate symptoms and cognitive deficits associated with ADHD by modulating striatal dopamine neurotransmission and induce therapeutic changes in brain activation patterns. Long-term functional changes after treatment are unknown, as long-term studies are scarce and have focused on brain structure. In this observational study (2009-2012), we investigated associations between lifetime stimulant treatment history and neural activity during reward processing...
June 20, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638621/the-role-of-dsm-5-borderline-personality-symptomatology-and-traits-in-the-link-between-childhood-trauma-and-suicidal-risk-in-psychiatric-patients
#17
Bo Bach, Rita Fjeldsted
BACKGROUND: Childhood traumas appear to be linked to suicidal behavior. However, the factors that mediate between these two phenomena are not sufficiently understood. Recent findings suggest that borderline personality disorder (BPD) may explain some of the association. METHOD: The present study investigated the potential mediating role of BPD symptomatology and traits between reported childhood trauma and suicidal risk in adult psychiatric outpatients (N = 124)...
2017: Borderline Personality Disorder and Emotion Dysregulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638324/stochastic-signatures-of-involuntary-head-micro-movements-can-be-used-to-classify-females-of-abide-into-different-subtypes-of-neurodevelopmental-disorders
#18
Elizabeth B Torres, Sejal Mistry, Carla Caballero, Caroline P Whyatt
Background: The approximate 5:1 male to female ratio in clinical detection of Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) prevents research from characterizing the female phenotype. Current open access repositories [such as those in the Autism Brain Imaging Data Exchange (ABIDE I-II)] contain large numbers of females to help begin providing a new characterization of females on the autistic spectrum. Here we introduce new methods to integrate data in a scale-free manner from continuous biophysical rhythms of the nervous systems and discrete (ordinal) observational scores...
2017: Frontiers in Integrative Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638210/why-is-diagnosing-mdd-challenging
#19
Xiaohua Liu, Kaida Jiang
Depression is highly prevalent and one of the major contributors to disability worldwide. However, one of the findings from the DSM-5 field trials was that inter-rater reliability for diagnosing major depressive disorder was very poor. Why is diagnosing MDD so challenging? This article attempts to explain why undefined pathogenesis and complicated phenotypes complicate the diagnosis of MDD. However, further biomarker and translational research is still necessary to help clinicians screen and diagnose depression in the future rather than relying solely on current subjective diagnostic criteria...
December 25, 2016: Shanghai Archives of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638203/the-history-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-disruptive-mood-dysregulation-disorder
#20
Jun Chen, Zuowei Wang, Yiru Fang
Disruptive mood dysregulation disorder was newly included as a diagnostic category in Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders fifth edition (DSM-5), but the knowledge about it in the clinical practice field is still limited. Therefore, the aim of the present article is to introduce this diagnostic category's history, key points of diagnosis, treatment and its impact on clinical practice for clinical reference.
October 25, 2016: Shanghai Archives of Psychiatry
keyword
keyword
2573
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"