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Alexandra S Creighton, Tanya E Davison, David W Kissane
OBJECTIVES: Limited research has been conducted into the identification of a valid and reliable screening measure for anxiety in aged care settings, despite it being one of the most common psychological conditions. This study aimed to determine an appropriate anxiety screening tool for aged care by comparing the reliability and validity of three commonly used measures and identifying specific cut-offs for the identification of generalized anxiety disorder (GAD). METHOD: One-hundred and eighty nursing home residents (M age = 85...
February 22, 2018: Aging & Mental Health
Elien De Caluwé, Lize Verbeke, Marcel van Aken, Paul T van der Heijden, Barbara De Clercq
The inclusion of a dimensional trait model of personality pathology in DSM-5 creates new opportunities for research on developmental antecedents of personality pathology. The traits of this model can be measured with the Personality Inventory for DSM-5 (PID-5), initially developed for adults, but also demonstrating validity in adolescents. The present study adds to the growing body of literature on the psychometrics of the PID-5, by examining its structure, validity, and reliability in 187 psychiatric-referred late adolescents and emerging adults...
February 22, 2018: Journal of Personality Disorders
Majid Anushiravani, Ali Akhondpour Manteghi, Ali Taghipur, Mahdi Eslami
BACKGROUND: According to new studies, only 60% of depressed patients respond to pharmaceutical treatment while suffering from their side effects. Natural products as adjuvant or alternative therapies should be examined to find safer and more effective ways to cope with depression. OBJECTIVE: Finding out the potential benefits of a combined herbal drug based on Echium amoenum compared with citalopram in the treatment of Major Depressive Disorder. DESIGN AND SETTING: In psychiatry clinics of Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, 50 patients who met the criteria for Major Depressive Disorder based on DSM-5 were studied in a parallel randomized controlled trial...
February 18, 2018: Current Drug Discovery Technologies
Xia Zou, Zhenxing Ren, Na Wang, Yin Cheng, Yuanyuan Jiang, Yan Wang, Chenggang Xu
Background: Anaerobic, mesophilic, and cellulolytic Clostridium papyrosolvens produces an efficient cellulolytic extracellular complex named cellulosome that hydrolyzes plant cell wall polysaccharides into simple sugars. Its genome harbors two long cellulosomal clusters: cip - cel operon encoding major cellulosome components (including scaffolding) and xyl - doc gene cluster encoding hemicellulases. Compared with works on cip - cel operon, there are much fewer studies on xyl - doc mainly due to its rare location in cellulolytic clostridia...
2018: Biotechnology for Biofuels
Subhash Yadav, Radha Vaddavalli, Srinivas Siripuram, Ramaprasad Veera Venkata Eedara, Shivani Yadav, Ojha Rabishankar, Tushar Lodha, Sasikala Chintalapati, VenkataRamana Chintalapati
An antibiotic producing novel Planctomycete strain, designated JC280T , was isolated from the surface of the plant Hydrilla verticillata collected from an alkaline lake (Buffalo lake), University of Hyderabad, Hyderabad, India. The morphological and chemotaxonomic properties of strain JC280T were in agreement with the characteristics of the genus Planctopirus. The cell shape was spherical to ovoid and some were tear drop shaped. The cells were Gram-stain-negative divided by budding presenting stalks and rosette formation and were non-sporulating...
February 21, 2018: Journal of Antibiotics
Rebecca Guest, Yvonne Tran, Bamini Gopinath, Ian D Cameron, Ashley Craig
BACKGROUND: Physical injury and psychological disorder following a motor vehicle crash (MVC) is a public health concern. The objective of this research was to determine rates of major depressive disorder (MDD) and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in adults with MVC-related injury engaged in compensation, and to determine the capacity (e.g. sensitivity and specificity) of two psychometric scales for estimating the presence of MDD and PTSD. METHODS: Participants included 109 adults with MVC-related injury engaged in compensation during 2015 to 2017, in Sydney, Australia...
February 21, 2018: BMC Psychology
Sebastian Euler, Dominik Stöbi, Julia Sowislo, Franziska Ritzler, Christian G Huber, Undine E Lang, Johannes Wrege, Marc Walter
BACKGROUND: Little is known about narcissistic traits in borderline personality disorder (BPD). This exploratory study aimed to illustrate the associations between total, grandiose, and vulnerable narcissism and gender, diagnostic features of BPD and narcissistic personality disorder (NPD), and psychopathology in BPD patients. SAMPLING AND METHODS: The Pathological Narcissism Inventory and psychometric measures for impulsivity, anger, borderline symptom severity, personality organization, depression, and rejection sensitivity were completed by 65 BPD patients...
February 21, 2018: Psychopathology
Svetlana E Belova, Natalia E Suzina, W Irene C Rijpstra, Jaap S Sinninghe Damsté, Svetlana N Dedysh
An isolate of aerobic, Gram-stain-negative, rod-shaped, non-motile and light-pink pigmented bacteria, designated SBC68T , was obtained from slightly decomposed thalli of the lichen Cladonia sp. collected from the forested tundra of north-western Siberia. Cells of this isolate occurred singly, in pairs or in rosettes. These bacteria were acidophilic (optimum growth at pH 4.3-5.6) and mesophilic (optimum growth at 20-30 °C) but were also capable of growth at low temperatures, down to 7 °C. The preferred growth substrates were sugars, some organic acids and lichenan...
February 21, 2018: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
Ferhan Dereboy, Çiğdem Dereboy, Mehmet Eskin
This study addresses longitudinal, expert, all data (LEAD) validity and reliability of the personality functioning ratings in Turkey, which are essential in assessing Criterion A for the entire DSM-5 alternative model for personality disorders (AMPD) diagnoses. A total of 120 consenting patients recruited at a university psychiatry clinic were rated by individual clinicians with respect to DSM-III-R and AMPD criteria. Subsequently, a LEAD panel consisting of 3 senior clinicians convened to reach a consensus personality disorder diagnosis for each participant...
February 21, 2018: Journal of Personality Assessment
Sufei He, Miao Wang, Jinhua Si, Tianyi Zhang, Hong Cui, Xiumei Gao
INTRODUCTION: Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is one of the most commonly diagnosed and treated childhood psychiatric disorders. The analogous diagnosis adopted in Europe is hyperkinetic disorder, which is defined in the WHO's International Classification of Diseases 10th edition (ICD-10). Hyperkinetic disorder includes more severe conditions. Ginkgo preparations are used in the treatment of ADHD. The present study will assess the efficacy and safety of ginkgo preparations in the treatment of ADHD in the currently published literature...
February 20, 2018: BMJ Open
Gloria-Beatrice Wintermann, Jenny Rosendahl, Kerstin Weidner, Bernhard Strauß, Andreas Hinz, Katja Petrowski
BACKGROUND: Fatigue often occurs as long-term complication in chronically critically ill (CCI) patients after prolonged intensive care treatment. The Multidimensional Fatigue Inventory (MFI-20) has been established as valid instrument to measure fatigue in a wide range of medical illnesses. Regarding the measurement of fatigue in CCI patients, the psychometric properties of the MFI-20 have not been investigated so far. Thus, the present study examines reliability and validity of the MFI-20 in CCI patients...
February 20, 2018: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
Xia Shen, Zhe Zhao, Chen Wu, Xiao-Yun Yu, Yu Li, Cong Sun, Min Wu
A Gram-stain-negative, aerobic, non-motile and ovoid- to rod-shaped bacterial strain, designated TFZT , was isolated from a water sample of a saline lake in Xinjiang, China and subjected to polyphasic taxonomic investigation. Strain TFZT grew at 4-42 °C and pH 6.5-10.0 (optimum, 30 °C and pH 7.0) and with 0.5-18.0 % (w/v) NaCl (optimum, 1.5 %). According to phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences, strain TFZT was assigned to the genus Roseovarius with highest 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity of 97...
February 20, 2018: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
Yunho Lee, Che Ok Jeon
A Gram-stain-negative, facultatively aerobic, aromatic hydrocarbon-degrading bacterium, designated strain BN5T , was isolated from gasoline-contaminated soil. Cells were motile and slightly curved rods with a single flagellum showing catalase and oxidase activities. Growth was observed at 20-37 °C (optimum, 25-30 °C), pH 3-7 (optimum, pH 5-6) and 0-2 % NaCl (optimum, 0 %). Ubiquinone-8 was the predominant respiratory quinone. The major fatty acids were C16 : 0, cyclo-C19 : 0ω8c and summed feature 8 (comprising C18 : 1ω7c and/or C18 : 1ω6c)...
February 20, 2018: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
Kai Yuan, Min Cao, Jingxin Li, Gejiao Wang
A Gram-stain-negative, rod-shaped, motile by gliding and strictly aerobic bacterial strain, named 1-32T , was isolated from soil of the Ordos grassland in Inner Mongolia, PR China. Strain 1-32T showed highest 16S rRNA gene sequence similarities to Pedobacter luteus N7d-4T (95.4 %), Pedobacter oryzae DSM 19973T (95.3 %), 'Pedobacter xinjiangensis' 12157T (95.2 %) and Pedobacter tournemirensis TF5-37.2-LB10T (95.1 %). Phylogenetic analyses clustered strain 1-32T with 'P. xinjiangensis' 12157T and P. tournemirensis TF5-37...
February 20, 2018: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
Fauziah F Rochman, Joong-Jae Kim, W Irene C Rijpstra, Jaap S Sinninghe Damsté, Peter Schumann, Tobin J Verbeke, Peter F Dunfield
A novel member of the phylum Verrucomicrobia was isolated from an oilsands tailings pond in Alberta, Canada. Cells of isolate NVTT are Gram-negative, strictly aerobic, non-pigmented, non-motile cocci to diplococci 0.5-1.0 µm in diameter. The bacterium is neutrophilic (optimum pH 6.0-8.0) but alkalitolerant, capable of growth between pH 5.5 and 11.0. The temperature range for growth is 15-40 °C (optimum 25-37 °C). Carbon and energy sources include sugars and organic acids. Nitrogen sources include nitrate, urea, l-glycine, l-alanine, l-proline and l-serine...
February 20, 2018: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
Joel Gelernter, Hang Zhou, Yaira Z Nuñez, Apiwat Mutirangura, Robert T Malison, Rasmon Kalayasiri
BACKGROUND: Alcohol use (both quantity and dependence) is moderately heritable, and genomewide association studies (GWAS) have identified risk genes in European, African, and Asian populations. The most reproducibly identified risk genes affect alcohol metabolism. Well-known functional variants at the gene encoding alcohol dehydrogenase B (ADH1B) and other alcohol dehydrogenases affect risk in European and African-ancestry populations. Similarly, variants mapped to these same genes and a well-known null variant that maps to the gene that encodes aldehyde dehydrogenase 2 (ALDH2) also affect risk in various Asian populations...
February 20, 2018: Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research
Gabriele Sani, Paul A Vöhringer, Sergio A Barroilhet, Alexia E Koukopoulos, S Nassir Ghaemi
BACKGROUND: It has been proposed that the broad major depressive disorder (MDD) construct is heterogenous. Koukopoulos has provided diagnostic criteria for an important subtype within that construct, "mixed depression" (MxD), which encompasses clinical pictures characterized by marked psychomotor or inner excitation and rage/anger, along with severe depression. This study provides psychometric validation for the first rating scale specifically designed to assess MxD symptoms cross-sectionally, the Koukopoulos Mixed Depression Rating Scale (KMDRS)...
February 16, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
Daniel J Taylor, Allison K Wilkerson, Kristi E Pruiksma, Jacob M Williams, Camilo J Ruggero, Willie Hale, Jim Mintz, Katherine Marczyk Organek, Karin L Nicholson, Brett T Litz, Stacey Young-McCaughan, Katherine A Dondanville, Elisa V Borah, Antoinette Brundige, Alan L Peterson
STUDY OBJECTIVES: To develop and demonstrate interrater reliability for a Structured Clinical Interview for Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition (DSM-5) Sleep Disorders (SCISD). METHODS: The SCISD was designed to be a brief, reliable, and valid interview assessment of adult sleep disorders as defined by the DSM-5. A sample of 106 postdeployment active-duty military members seeking cognitive behavioral therapy for insomnia in a randomized clinical trial were assessed with the SCISD prior to treatment to determine eligibility...
February 13, 2018: Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine: JCSM: Official Publication of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine
Michael Schredl, Anja S Göritz
STUDY OBJECTIVES: Even though the common diagnostic criteria (ICSD-3, DSM-5) acknowledge that nightmares do not only contain anxiety/fear (definition of the ICD-10) but also other emotions such as grief, disgust, and anger, the definition of a nightmare still focuses on threats to survival, security, or physical integrity. However, empirical studies on nightmare content in larger samples are scarce. METHODS: The current study elicited 1,216 of the most recent nightmares including childhood nightmares of a population-based sample...
February 13, 2018: Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine: JCSM: Official Publication of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine
Longzhan Gan, Xiufeng Long, Heming Zhang, Yanyan Hou, Jiewei Tian, Yuqin Zhang, Yongqiang Tian
A novel, Gram-stain-negative, aerobic, rod-shaped, motile and moderately halophilic bacterium, designated strain LCB169T , was isolated from a saline soil sample from Gansu Province, PR China. The cells of LCB169T grew at 10-52 °C (optimum 30 °C), at pH 6.0-10.0 (optimum pH 8.0) and in the presence of 0-17 % (w/v) NaCl (optimum 10-15 %). Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences and concatenated 16S rRNA, gyrB and rpoD genes sequences revealed that LCB169T represented a member of the genus Halomonas in the class Gammaproteobacteria...
February 19, 2018: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
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