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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663404/do-psychopathic-birds-of-a-feather-flock-together-psychopathic-personality-traits-and-romantic-preferences
#1
Ashley L Watts, Jessica C Rohr, Katherine L McCauley, Sarah Francis Smith, Kristin Landfield Howe, Scott O Lilienfeld
OBJECTIVE: The goal of the present studies was to investigate whether people are especially attracted to psychopathic traits, and whether there are individual differences characteristics in such attraction. METHOD: Female undergraduates (N = 270; Mage = 19; 57% White, 20% Asian, 8% Black) and female and male community members (N = 426, Mage = 37; 56% female; 81% Caucasian, 10% African American, 4% Asian) reported on their own personality and constructed their ideal mate for a dating, short-term, and long-term relationship from a list of 70 characteristics drawn from well-validated criteria for psychopathic personality and diagnostic criteria for DSM-5 personality disorders (PDs)...
April 16, 2018: Journal of Personality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29660207/a-randomized-double-blind-comparison-of-aripiprazole-sertraline-combination-and-placebo-sertraline-combination-in-patients-with-major-depressive-disorder
#2
Kunitoshi Kamijima, Mahito Kimura, Kazuo Kuwahara, Yuri Kitayama, Yoshihiro Tadori
AIMS: This study compared the efficacy and safety of aripiprazole/sertraline combination (ASC) and placebo/sertraline combination (PSC) in patients with major depressive disorder (MDD) who showed an inadequate response to sertraline 100 mg/day. METHODS: The study comprised a screening period, an 8-week prospective treatment (single-blind sertraline 25-100 mg/day) period, and a 6-week double-blind treatment period. Patients with DSM-5-defined MDD were enrolled. Following the prospective treatment, non-responders were randomly assigned to the ASC group (aripiprazole 3-12 mg/day/sertraline 100 mg/day) or the PSC group (sertraline 100 mg/day)...
April 16, 2018: Psychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659202/lamotrigine-rechallenge-in-treatment-resistant-bipolar-disorder
#3
Takayoshi Inaba, Rintaro Sogawa, Yoshito Mizoguchi, Hiroshi Tateishi, Yutaka Kunitake, Takahiro A Kato, Akira Monji
Background: Although lamotrigine may be useful for treating patients with treatment-resistant bipolar disorder, some lamotrigine-associated adverse effects, including mild to moderate skin rash, may prevent the continuation of treatment. Methods: We investigated lamotrigine rechallenge for the treatment of bipolar disorder. The present study was based on retrospective chart review of outpatients with bipolar disorder (DSM-5 criteria) who visited the hospital's psychiatric department between July 2011 and August 2017...
March 29, 2018: Primary Care Companion to CNS Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656916/tobacco-use-and-sexual-orientation-in-a-national-cross-sectional-study-age-race-ethnicity-and-sexual-identity-attraction-differences
#4
Sean Esteban McCabe, Alicia K Matthews, Joseph G L Lee, Phil Veliz, Tonda L Hughes, Carol J Boyd
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this study is to determine the past-year prevalence estimates of any nicotine/tobacco use, cigarette smoking, and DSM-5 tobacco use disorder based on sexual identity among U.S. adults, and to examine potential variations in these estimates by age, race/ethnicity, and sexual identity-attraction concordance/discordance. METHODS: The 2012-2013 National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions collected data via in-person interviews with a cross-sectional nationally representative sample of non-institutionalized adults (response rate=60...
April 9, 2018: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656545/a-framework-for-treating-dsm-5-alternative-model-for-personality-disorder-features
#5
Christopher J Hopwood
Despite its demonstrated empirical superiority over the DSM-5 Section 2 categorical model of personality disorders for organizing the features of personality pathology, limitations remain with regard to the translation of the DSM-5 Section 3 alternative model of personality disorders (AMPD) to clinical practice. The goal of this paper is to outline a general and preliminary framework for approaching treatment from the perspective of the AMPD. Specific techniques are discussed for the assessment and treatment of both Criterion A personality dysfunction and Criterion B maladaptive traits...
April 15, 2018: Personality and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656401/daily-patterns-of-marijuana-and-alcohol-co-use-among-individuals-with-alcohol-and-cannabis-use-disorders
#6
Jane Metrik, Rachel L Gunn, Kristina M Jackson, Alexander W Sokolovsky, Brian Borsari
BACKGROUND: The study aims were to examine daily associations between marijuana and alcohol use and the extent to which the association differs as a function of cannabis use disorder (CUD) and/or alcohol use disorder (AUD) diagnosis. METHODS: Timeline Followback interview data collected in a study of veterans (N=127) recruited from a Veterans Affairs hospital who reported at least one day of co-use of marijuana and alcohol in the past 180 days (22,860 observations)...
April 15, 2018: Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650440/the-effectiveness-of-lactobacillus-reuteri-dsm-17938-as-an-adjunct-to-macrogol-in-the-treatment-of-functional-constipation-in-children-a-randomized-double-blind-placebo-controlled-multicentre-trial
#7
Agnieszka Wegner, Aleksandra Banaszkiewicz, Jaroslaw Kierkus, Piotr Landowski, Anna Korlatowicz-Bilar, Sabina Wiecek, Jaroslaw Kwiecien, Agnieszka Gawronska, Lukasz Dembinski, Grazyna Czaja-Bulsa, Piotr Socha
OBJECTIVE: Constipation is one of the most common problems among children, with a prevalence ranging from 7 to 30%. It is treated with defecation training and laxative medications. However, many patients do not respond to the standard therapy. There is, therefore, an increasing interest in probiotics for the treatment of functional constipation. STUDY DESIGN: The aim of this study was to assess the effectiveness of Lactobacillus reuteri DSM 17938 as an adjunct to macrogol in the treatment of functional, intractable constipation in children...
April 9, 2018: Clinics and Research in Hepatology and Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649722/long-term-incidence-and-recurrence-of-common-mental-disorders-after-abortion-a-dutch-prospective-cohort-study
#8
Jenneke van Ditzhuijzen, Margreet Ten Have, Ron de Graaf, Carolus H C J van Nijnatten, Wilma A M Vollebergh
In a previous study (Van Ditzhuijzen et al., 2017) we investigated the incidence and recurrence of mental disorders 2.5 to 3 years post-abortion. The aim of the current study was to extend these findings with longer term follow up data, up until 5-6 years post-abortion. We compared data of women who had had an abortion of the Dutch Abortion and Mental Health Study (DAMHS) to women who did not have an abortion from the Netherlands Mental Health Survey and Incidence Study-2 (NEMESIS-2) (Ntotal  = 2227). We used 1-to-1 matching on background confounding variables and measured post-abortion incidence and recurrence of common DSM-IV mental disorders (mood, anxiety, and substance use disorders) using the Composite International Diagnostic Interview (CIDI) version 3...
April 5, 2018: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649137/a-phenotype-classification-of-internet-use-disorder-in-a-large-scale-high-school-study
#9
Katajun Lindenberg, Katharina Halasy, Carolin Szász-Janocha, Lutz Wartberg
Internet Use Disorder (IUD) affects numerous adolescents worldwide, and (Internet) Gaming Disorder, a specific subtype of IUD, has recently been included in DSM-5 and ICD-11. Epidemiological studies have identified prevalence rates up to 5.7% among adolescents in Germany. However, little is known about the risk development during adolescence and its association to education. The aim of this study was to: (a) identify a clinically relevant latent profile in a large-scale high-school sample; (b) estimate prevalence rates of IUD for distinct age groups and (c) investigate associations to gender and education...
April 12, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29648526/fluviicola-kyonggii-sp-nov-a-bacterium-isolated-from-forest-soil-and-emended-description-of-the-genus-fluviicola
#10
Ram Hari Dahal, Jaisoo Kim
A novel bacterium, designated strain CA-1T , was isolated from forest soil in Kyonggi University. Cells were strictly aerobic, Gram-stain-negative, catalase-positive, oxidase-negative, non-motile, non-spore-forming, rod-shaped and red-orange-pigmented. Strain CA-1T hydrolysed casein and DNA. It was able to grow at 15-37 °C, pH 5.5-9.0 and at 0-2 % (w/v) NaCl concentration. Flexirubin-type pigments were present. Phylogenetic analysis based on its 16S rRNA gene sequence indicated that strain CA-1T formed a lineage within the family Crocinitomicaceae of the phylum Bacteroidetes that was distinct from Fluviicola hefeinensis MYL-8T (96...
April 12, 2018: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629842/the-prevalence-of-late-onset-adhd-in-a-clinically-referred-adult-sample
#11
Mary V Solanto
OBJECTIVE: Three recent prospective longitudinal studies of population cohorts reported nontrivial rates of "adult-onset" ADHD. Given that this result is at odds with the neurodevelopmental conceptualization of ADHD, as well as with general clinical experience, we obtained report of onset of symptoms in a clinical sample of adults diagnosed with ADHD. METHOD: One hundred four adults diagnosed with ADHD completed retrospective ratings of DSM-IV/DSM-5 ADHD symptoms between the ages of 5 and 12 years...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Attention Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628542/examination-of-the-heterogeneity-in-ptsd-and-impulsivity-facets-a-latent-profile-analysis
#12
Ateka A Contractor, Stephanie Caldas, Nicole H Weiss, Cherie Armour
The experience of traumatizing events and resulting posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptomology relates to a range of impulsive behaviors. While both PTSD and impulsivity are heterogeneous and multidimensional constructs, no research has used person-centered approaches to examine subgroups of individuals based on these response endorsements. Hence, our study examined PTSD-impulsivity typologies and their construct validity in two samples: university students ( n = 412) and community participants recruited through Amazon's MTurk ( n = 346)...
April 15, 2018: Personality and Individual Differences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627702/psychosocial-impairment-in-dsm-5-intermittent-explosive-disorder
#13
Lauren Rynar, Emil F Coccaro
The purpose of this study was to document the functional severity of DSM-5 IED in a clinical research sample. IED and control groups were compared on psychosocial functioning, life satisfaction, and on a variety of cognitive and behavioral issues. IED study participants reported significantly worse psychosocial function, quality of life, and higher job dysfunction than both psychiatric and healthy control study participants. The presence of DSM-5 IED is associated with significant psychosocial and functional impairment...
March 30, 2018: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627700/ptsd-s-factor-structure-and-measurement-invariance-across-subgroups-with-differing-count-of-trauma-types
#14
Ateka A Contractor, Stephanie V Caldas, Megan Dolan, Susan Lagdon, Chérie Armour
To investigate the effect of the count of traumatizing event (TE) types on post-trauma mental health, several studies have compared posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) severity between individuals experiencing one versus multiple TE types. However, the validity of these studies depends on the establishment of measurement invariance of the construct(s) of interest. The current study examined the stability of the most optimal PTSD Model symptom cluster constructs (assessed by the PTSD Checklist for DSM-5 [PCL-5]) across subgroups experiencing one versus multiple TE types...
March 24, 2018: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627621/the-optima-study-buprenorphine-naloxone-and-methadone-models-of-care-for-the-treatment-of-prescription-opioid-use-disorder-study-design-and-rationale
#15
M Eugenia Socias, Keith Ahamad, Bernard Le Foll, Ron Lim, Julie Bruneau, Benedikt Fischer, T Cameron Wild, Evan Wood, Didier Jutras-Aswad
BACKGROUND: Rates of non-medical use of opioids, and opioid use disorders (OUD) have been rising throughout North America. Methadone and buprenorphine/naloxone are the recommended first-line treatment options for OUD in Canada. Most studies to date have been conducted among heroin users, in controlled settings, and using similar strict dosing schedules (i.e., daily witnessed ingestion) despite buprenorphine/naloxone's superior safety profile, which allows a more flexible take-home dosing schedule...
April 5, 2018: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627597/genetic-pathways-to-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-and-depression-in-children-investigation-of-catechol-o-methyltransferase-comt-val158met-using-different-ptsd-diagnostic-models
#16
BreAnne A Danzi, Annette M La Greca
The catechol-O-methyltransferase (COMT) Val158Met polymorphism has been linked to PTSD, although findings have been inconsistent. Recently, different diagnostic criteria for PTSD have been introduced by ICD-11 and DSM-5, including separate criteria for adults and for young children (i.e., the preschool criteria). The preschool criteria may be applicable to older children as well. This study is the first to examine COMT associations with depression and PTSD, using new diagnostic models, in school-age children (7-11 years) exposed to a natural disaster...
March 27, 2018: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627192/why-do-the-very-old-self-harm-a-qualitative-study
#17
Anne P F Wand, Carmelle Peisah, Brian Draper, Henry Brodaty
OBJECTIVES: To examine the perspectives of people aged 80 years or older who self-harmed regarding their reasons for self-harm and its consequences, and their perceptions of care. DESIGN: A qualitative study using in-depth interviews. SETTING: Participants were recruited from two teaching hospitals and associated community services. PARTICIPANTS: People aged 80 years or older who had self-harmed within the previous month...
March 15, 2018: American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29626664/misperceptions-of-reactive-attachment-disorder-persist-poor-methods-and-unsupported-conclusions
#18
REVIEW
Brian Allen
Reactive Attachment Disorder (RAD) is an often discussed, but misunderstood, diagnostic presentation. A growing body of well-designed prospective studies is providing a wealth of information about the condition; however, misconceptions of RAD abound in both clinical and research arenas. As such, it can be difficult for reviewers to critically evaluate papers pertaining to RAD that are submitted to academic journals and even more difficult for practicing clinicians operating under the time constraints of community-based practice...
April 4, 2018: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29625595/psychometric-properties-of-the-arabic-version-of-the-confusion-assessment-method-for-the-intensive-care-unit-cam-icu
#19
Maha H Aljuaid, Ahmad M Deeb, Maamoun Dbsawy, Daniah Alsayegh, Moteb Alotaibi, Yaseen M Arabi
BACKGROUND: It is recommended that critically ill patients undergo routine delirium monitoring with a valid and reliable tool such as the Confusion Assessment Method for the Intensive Care Unit (CAM-ICU). However, the validity and reliability of the Arabic version of the CAM-ICU has not been investigated. Here, we test the validity and reliability of the Arabic CAM-ICU. METHODS: We conducted a psychometric study at ICUs in a tertiary-care hospital in Saudi Arabia...
April 6, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29624166/addressing-the-diversity-of-the-honeybee-gut-symbiont-gilliamella-description-of-gilliamella-apis-sp-nov-isolated-from-the-gut-of-honeybees-apis-mellifera
#20
Jane Ludvigsen, Davide Porcellato, Gro V Amdam, Knut Rudi
The gut microbiota of honeybees (Apis) and bumblebees (Bombus) include the symbiotic bacterial genus Gilliamella. This genus shows a high degree of functional and genomic diversity and separates into distinct lineages. Gilliamella apicola wkB1T , which was isolated from Apis, was the first species to be described. Recently four new species, isolated from Bombus, were identified. In this paper, we compare several genomes/strains from previous studies spanning this diversity, which gives insight into the phylogenetic relationship among different Gilliamella species...
April 6, 2018: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
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