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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29917224/examining-the-effectiveness-of-an-intensive-2-week-treatment-program-for-military-personnel-and-veterans-with-ptsd-results-of-a-pilot-open-label-prospective-cohort-trial
#1
Craig J Bryan, Feea R Leifker, David C Rozek, AnnaBelle O Bryan, Mira L Reynolds, D Nicolas Oakey, Erika Roberge
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to examine the effectiveness of cognitive processing therapy (CPT) for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) when administered on a daily basis during a 2-week period of time. METHOD: In an open-label, prospective cohort pilot trial, 20 U.S. military personnel and veterans diagnosed with PTSD or subthreshold PTSD participated in 12 daily sessions of CPT. Primary outcomes included Clinician Administered PTSD Scale for DSM-5 and PTSD Checklist for DSM-5 scores...
June 19, 2018: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29915872/tepidibaculum-saccharolyticum-gen-nov-sp-nov-a-moderately-thermophilic-anaerobic-spore-forming-bacterium-isolated-from-a-terrestrial-hot-spring
#2
G B Slobodkina, R V Baslerov, N K Kostryukova, E A Bonch-Osmolovskaya, A I Slobodkin
A novel moderately thermophilic, anaerobic bacterium, strain STR9T was isolated from terrestrial hot spring at Uzon Caldera, Kamchatka peninsula, Russia. Cells of strain STR9T were spore-forming motile straight or slightly curved rods 0.3 μm in diameter and 1.0-2.0 μm in length having a Gram-positive cell-wall structure. The temperature range for growth was 30-58 °C, with an optimum at 50 °C. The pH range for growth was 5.0-10.5, with an optimum at pH 8.0-9.0. NaCl inhibited growth of the strain STR9T and no growth was evident above 0...
June 18, 2018: Extremophiles: Life Under Extreme Conditions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29913376/compulsive-buying-in-paris-psychology-students-assessment-of-dsm-5-personality-trait-domains
#3
David Duroy, Olivier Sabbagh, Ariane Baudel, Michel Lejoyeux
Compulsive buying is associated with significant psychiatric comorbidity, such as personality disorders. Few studies have focused on the dimensional model of personality disorders in compulsive buying. We aimed to assess the eventual presence of personality dysfunctions in compulsive buying according to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorder, 5th edition (DSM-5) dimensional conception of personality disorders. We screened online compulsive buying (QABB), characterized purchasing behavior and explored DSM-5 personality trait domains (Personality Inventory for DSM-5-Brief Form [PID-5-BF]) in 233 Paris psychology students using an online self-reporting questionnaire...
June 8, 2018: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29912218/-doppia-diagnosi-complessit%C3%A3-nosografica-e-attualit%C3%A3-di-un-terreno-di-confine-a-lungo-emarginato
#4
Mario Vitali, Francesca Sorbo, Martino Mistretta, Bruna Scalese, Raffaella Porrari, Domenica Galli, Giovanna Coriale, Claudia Rotondo, Simona Solombrino, Maria Luisa Attilia
RIASSUNTO. Il termine "doppia diagnosi" è entrato da anni a far parte del lessico clinico ma la complessità riguardo questi quadri clinici caratterizzati dalla compresenza di un disturbo psichiatrico e di un disturbo da uso di sostanze (nel nostro caso, da alcol) è ancora molta. Nonostante sia dimostrato che nella sola popolazione affetta da abuso di alcol (DUA) il 50,3% dei soggetti abbia avuto un concomitante disturbo psichiatrico nell'arco di vita, a oggi non vi sono linee-guida esaustive per la gestione di questi casi...
May 2018: Rivista di Psichiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29912213/-sindrome-astinenziale-da-alcol-processi-diagnostici-e-terapeutici
#5
Fabio Attilia, Roberta Perciballi, Claudia Rotondo, Ida Capriglione, Silvia Iannuzzi, Maria Luisa Attilia, Giovanna Coriale, Mario Vitali, Federica Cereatti, Marco Fiore, Mauro Ceccanti
RIASSUNTO. La sindrome astinenziale da alcol (SAA) è una condizione d'emergenza, rara nella popolazione generale, ma altamente rappresentata nel sottogruppo degli alcolisti con possibile comparsa di complicanze anche gravi in caso di mancato riconoscimento o tardivo trattamento farmacologico. Rappresenta una condizione clinica che può svilupparsi nei pazienti alcol-dipendenti entro poche ore o giorni dalla brusca interruzione o riduzione del consumo alcolico, caratterizzata da iperattività del sistema nervoso autonomo con conseguente comparsa di sintomi specifici...
May 2018: Rivista di Psichiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29911485/establishing-concurrent-validity-for-a-brief-ptsd-screen-among-women-in-a-domestic-violence-shelter
#6
Lene Symes, Judith McFarlane, John Maddoux, Lisa Beth Levine, Kimberly S Landrum, Cari Delgado McFarlane
There is a particular need for valid scales to screen for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) among women who seek safe shelter from intimate partner violence. Screening to identify women who are at risk for PTSD can lead to early intervention that reduces the risk for PTSD-related outcomes such as poor decision making, inconsistent parenting, and behavior dysfunction among their children. The gold standard for diagnosing PTSD is the Clinician-Administered PTSD Scale for Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (5th ed...
June 1, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29909128/prevalence-of-childhood-mental-disorders-in-overweight-and-obese-spanish-children-identifying-loss-of-control-eating
#7
Ana R Sepúlveda, Santos Solano, Miriam Blanco, Tatiana Lacruz, Montserrat Graell
The aim was to examine the prevalence of childhood mental disorders in overweight/obese pediatric sample and also to explore the relationship between these pathologies and loss of control eating (LOC). Another aim was to assess the association between psychopathology and severity of obesity. A total of 170 children from different Health Centers were evaluated (84 girls and 86 boys; aged 8 to 12 years). Childhood psychological problems were assessed through a standardized diagnostic interview schedule (K-SADS-R) and by questionnaires (STAIC for anxiety, CDI for depression and ChEAT for disordered eating)...
June 8, 2018: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29906259/collimonas-antrihumi-sp-nov-isolated-from-a-natural-cave-and-emended-description-of-the-genus-collimonas
#8
Soon Dong Lee
A novel bacterium, designated strain C3-17T , was isolated from a natural cave in Jeju, Republic of Korea. Cells of the organism were Gram-stain-negative, strictly aerobic, non-sporulating, non-motile rods. The polar lipids present were phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylglycerol, two unidentified aminophospholipids, an unidentified aminolipid and an unidentified lipid. The sole isoprenoid quinone was Q-8. The predominant fatty acids were C16 : 0 and summed feature 3, and the DNA G+C content was 54...
June 15, 2018: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29904857/personality-traits-in-migraineurs-a-case-control-study-by-personality-inventory-for-dsm-5-pid-5
#9
Giulia Muscogiuri, Leonardo Dimaggio, Luca Giani, Claudio Mariani, Leonardo Pantoni, Carlo Lovati
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2018: Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29904328/assessment-of-the-italian-version-of-the-internet-disorder-scale-ids-15
#10
Lucia Monacis, Maria Sinatra, Mark D Griffiths, Valeria de Palo
Much research has focused on the validation of psychometric tools assessing Internet addiction. One of the newest measures is the Internet Disorder Scale (IDS-15) based on the modified IGD criteria outlined in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5). This study aimed at investigating the psychometric properties of the Italian version of the IDS-15 by examining the construct and the concurrent and the criterion-related validity and by identifying the taxonomy and the patterns of Internet users...
2018: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29902930/item-response-theory-analyses-factor-structure-and-external-correlates-of-the-italian-translation-of-the-personality-inventory-for-dsm-5-short-form-in-community-dwelling-adults-and-clinical-adults
#11
Antonella Somma, Robert F Krueger, Kristian E Markon, Serena Borroni, Andrea Fossati
To assess the psychometric properties of the Italian translation of the 100-item short form of the Personality Inventory for DSM-5 (PID-5-SF), 2,143 community-dwelling adults (59.6% female), and 706 adult clinical participants (52.4% female) were administered the Italian translation of the PID-5. Clinical participants were also administered the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV (SCID-II), and the Personality Diagnostic Questionnaire-4+ (PDQ-4+). Item response theory analysis showed that all proposed PID-5-SF items showed adequate item discrimination parameters in both community-dwelling adults and clinical adults...
June 1, 2018: Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29902081/personality-constructs-and-paradigms-in-the-alternative-dsm-5-model-of-personality-disorder
#12
Abby L Mulay, Nicole M Cain, Mark H Waugh, Christopher J Hopwood, Jonathan M Adler, Darren J Garcia, John E Kurtz, Katherine A Lenger, Rebecca Skadberg
The DSM-5 Section III alternative model for personality disorders (AMPD) is a personality disorder (PD) nosology based on severity of personality dysfunction and pathological traits. We examined the degree to which the personality constructs identified by McAdams and Pals (2006; dispositional traits, characteristic adaptations, narrative identity) and the paradigms of personality assessment described by Wiggins (2003; psychodynamic, interpersonal, personological, multivariate, empirical) are represented within the AMPD...
June 14, 2018: Journal of Personality Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29901250/citicoline-cdp-choline-add-on-therapy-to-risperidone-for-treatment-of-negative-symptoms-in-patients-with-stable-schizophrenia-a-double-blind-randomized-placebo-controlled-trial
#13
Alireza Ghajar, Faezeh Gholamian, Maryam Tabatabei-Motlagh, Mohsen Afarideh, Farzin Rezaei, Maryam Ghazizadeh-Hashemi, Shahin Akhondzadeh
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to evaluate the efficacy and tolerability of citicoline add-on therapy in treatment of negative symptoms in patients with stable schizophrenia. METHODS: In a double-blind and placebo-controlled study, patients with stable schizophrenia (DSM-5) were randomized to receive either 2,500 mg/day citicoline or placebo in addition to risperidone for 8 weeks. The patients were assessed using the positive and negative syndrome scale (PANSS), the extrapyramidal symptom rating scale (ESRS), and Hamilton depression rating scale (HDRS)...
June 14, 2018: Human Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29899685/securing-rights-and-nutritional-health-for-persons-with-intellectual-disabilities-a-pressing-challenge
#14
Svein Olav Kolset, Marianne Nordstrøm, Sigrun Hope, Kjetil Retterstøl, Per Ole Iversen
Persons with intellectual disabilities (ID) are dependent on nutritional policies that have so far not been addressed in a systematic and health-promoting manner in Norway and other nations with a high socioeconomic standard. In many poor countries, such issues have not even been raised nor addressed. Nutritional issues facing persons with ID include the risk of both underweight and overweight. Deficiency in energy, vitamins, essential fatty acids and micronutrients can increase the risk of additional health burdens in already highly vulnerable individuals...
2018: Food & Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29898698/validity-and-reliability-of-the-kiddie-schedule-for-affective-disorders-and-schizophrenia-present-and-lifetime-version-dsm-5-k-sads-pl-5-spanish-version
#15
Francisco R de la Peña, Lino R Villavicencio, Juan D Palacio, Fernando J Félix, Marcela Larraguibel, Laura Viola, Silvia Ortiz, Marcos Rosetti, Andrea Abadi, Cecilia Montiel, Pablo A Mayer, Sofía Fernández, Aurora Jaimes, Miriam Feria, Liz Sosa, Andrés Rodríguez, Patricia Zavaleta, Daniela Uribe, Frinne Galicia, Diana Botero, Santiago Estrada, Arturo F Berber, Macarena Pi-Davanzo, Consuelo Aldunate, Gabriela Gómez, Ivannah Campodónico, Paula Tripicchio, Ignacio Gath, Manuel Hernández, Lino Palacios, Rosa E Ulloa
BACKGROUND: There are various language adaptations of the Schedule for Affective Disorders and Schizophrenia for School Age Children Present and Lifetime Version (K-SADS-PL). In order to comply with the changes in DSM classification, the Spanish edition of the interview was in need of update and evaluation. METHODS: K-SADS-PL was adapted to correspond to DSM-5 categories. All clinicians received training, and a 90% agreement was reached. Patients and their parents or guardians were interviewed and videotaped, and the videos were exchanged between raters...
June 14, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29898195/psychometric-properties-of-the-modified-yale-food-addiction-scale-2-0-in-a-large-brazilian-sample
#16
Paulo R Nunes-Neto, Cristiano A Köhler, Felipe B Schuch, João Quevedo, Marco Solmi, Andrea Murru, Eduard Vieta, Michael Maes, Brendon Stubbs, André F Carvalho
OBJECTIVE: The field of food addiction has attracted growing research attention. The modified Yale Food Addiction Scale 2.0 (mYFAS 2.0) is a screening tool based on DSM-5 criteria for substance use disorders. However, there is no validated instrument to assess food addiction. METHODS: The mYFAS 2.0 has been transculturally adapted to Brazilian Portuguese. The data for this study was obtained through an anonymous web-based research platform: participants provided sociodemographic data and answered Brazilian versions of the the mYFAS 2...
June 11, 2018: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29897794/expanding-the-validity-of-the-level-of-personality-functioning-scale-observer-report-and-self-report-versions-across-psychodynamic-and-interpersonal-paradigms
#17
Michael J Roche, Nicholas C Jacobson, Jennifer J Phillips
The Level of Personality Functioning Scale (LPFS) operationalizes Criterion A of the DSM-5 alternative model for personality disorders. Yet, research on this measure has been slow to accumulate and questions remain regarding its reliability and validity. This study examined the LPFS observer-rated (OR) and self-report (SRA) versions of Criterion A in a sample of 240 students who provided psychological life history data and a variety of self-report measures. The results suggested the LPFS OR could be reliably coded, and the LPFS OR and LPFS SRA were significantly associated with outcome variables across psychodynamic and interpersonal paradigms...
June 13, 2018: Journal of Personality Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29897255/bruno-klopfer-award-address-five-factor-model-personality-disorder-scales
#18
Thomas A Widiger
The predominant model of general personality structure is the Five-Factor Model (FFM), consisting of the five broad domains of neuroticism, extraversion, openness, agreeableness, and conscientiousness. A hypothesis of long-standing interest has been that personality disorders can be understood as extreme or maladaptive variants of the domains and facets of the FFM. The purpose of this article was to discuss the development and validation of FFM personality disorder scales. These scales assess the DSM-5 Section II personality disorders from the perspective of the FFM, as well as maladaptive variants of both poles of all five domains of the FFM...
June 13, 2018: Journal of Personality Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29896918/prison-employment-and-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-risk-and-protective-factors
#19
Lois James, Natalie Todak
OBJECTIVES: To examine the prevalence of Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) in a sample of prison employees, investigate risk factors, and explore protective factors for PTSD. METHODS: We surveyed 355 Washington State Department of Corrections employees. The survey included the PTSD checklist for the DSM-5 (PCL-5), the Critical Incident History Questionnaire, and the Work Environment Inventory. RESULTS: We found 19% of the sample met the criteria for diagnosable PTSD...
June 12, 2018: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29896162/the-response-of-paraburkholderia-terrae-strains-to-two-soil-fungi-and-the-potential-role-of-oxalate
#20
Irshad Ul Haq, Reto Daniel Zwahlen, Pu Yang, Jan Dirk van Elsas
Fungal-associated Paraburkholderia terrae strains in soil have been extensively studied, but their sensing strategies to locate fungi in soil have remained largely elusive. In this study, we investigated the behavior of five mycosphere-isolated P. terrae strains [including the type-3 secretion system negative mutant BS001-Δ sctD and the type strain DSM 17804T ] with respect to their fungal-sensing strategies. The putative role of oxalic acid as a signaling molecule in the chemotaxis toward soil fungi, as well as a potential carbon source, was assessed...
2018: Frontiers in Microbiology
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