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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344706/long-term-follow-up-of-1217-consecutive-short-stem-total-hip-arthroplasty-tha-a-retrospective-single-center-experience
#1
REVIEW
H Wacha, G Domsel, E Herrmann
BACKGROUND: An arthroplasty registry in Germany has been recently established but long-term results for most short-stem innovations are missing. Short-stem hip arthroplasty is usually indicated in young active patients. Our indication was extended to older age groups, femoral neck fractures (FNF), and dysplasia. We evaluated all total hip arthroplasties (THAs) in this population with a collum femoris preserving stem (CFP) performed from 2003 to 2013. METHODS: A consecutive cohort of 1217 CFP THAs with a mean age of 68...
January 17, 2018: European Journal of Trauma and Emergency Surgery: Official Publication of the European Trauma Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344700/dual-mobility-hip-arthroplasty-provides-better-outcomes-compared-to-hemiarthroplasty-for-displaced-femoral-neck-fractures-a-retrospective-comparative-clinical-study
#2
Yong Tae Kim, Je-Hyun Yoo, Min Ki Kim, Sanghyun Kim, Jihyo Hwang
PURPOSE: Total hip arthroplasty with a dual mobility cup (DMC) is a proposed alternative to the widely performed bipolar hemiarthroplasty (BHA) for treating displaced intracapsular femoral neck fractures (DFNF) in the elderly. However, the comparison between the two modalities has not been extensively conducted thus far. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was conducted with DFNF patients aged over 65 years who were treated either by BHA or DMC. After propensity matching each group comprised 84 patients (168 patients in total) and was analyzed using peri-operative and post-operative parameters...
January 17, 2018: International Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29342066/resident-participation-in-fixation-of-intertrochanteric-hip-fractures-analysis-of-the-nsqip-database
#3
Alexander L Neuwirth, Russell N Stitzlein, Madalyn G Neuwirth, Rachel K Kelz, Samir Mehta
BACKGROUND: Future generations of orthopaedic surgeons must continue to be trained in the surgical management of hip fractures. This study assesses the effect of resident participation on outcomes for the treatment of intertrochanteric hip fractures. METHODS: The National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (NSQIP) database (2010 to 2013) was queried for intertrochanteric hip fractures (International Classification of Diseases, 9th Revision, Clinical Modification [ICD-9-CM] code 820...
January 17, 2018: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340971/denosumab-or-oral-bisphosphonates-in-primary-osteoporosis-a-real-life-study
#4
E Cairoli, S Palmieri, G Goggi, L Roggero, M Arosio, I Chiodini, C Eller-Vainicher
PURPOSE: To compare the response to denosumab (DMAb) therapy with that of oral bisphosphonate (BISPH) treatment in postmenopausal women with primary osteoporosis (PO). METHODS: In this retrospective study, we compared data of 75 PO female patients treated for 24 months with DMab (DMAb Group, age 72.6 ± 8.9 years) with those of 75 PO patients treated with oral bisphosphonates (BISPH Group), matched for age, body mass index, femoral bone mineral density (BMD), prevalent fragility fractures and familiar history of hip fracture...
January 16, 2018: Journal of Endocrinological Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340736/risk-factors-for-early-infection-following-hemiarthroplasty-in-elderly-patients-with-a-femoral-neck-fracture
#5
Dirk Zajonz, Alexander Brand, Christian Lycke, Orkun Özkurtul, Jan Theopold, Ulrich J A Spiegl, Andreas Roth, Christoph Josten, Johannes K M Fakler
PURPOSE: Periprosthetic joint infections (PJI) after hemiarthroplasty for geriatric femoral neck fractures are a devastating complication that results in serious morbidity and increased mortality. Identifying risk factors associated with early infection after HA for hip fractures may offer an opportunity to address and prevent this complication in many patients. The aim of this study was to evaluate preoperative risk factors for early PJI after HA in hip fracture patients. METHODS: From January 2010 to December 2015, 312 femoral neck fractures (AO/OTA 31-B) in 305 patients were included in this single-center, retrospective study...
January 16, 2018: European Journal of Trauma and Emergency Surgery: Official Publication of the European Trauma Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29337456/-pediatrics-perthes-disease-current-knowledges-and-treatment
#6
Sophie Merckaert, Pierre-Yves Zambelli
Perthes's disease corresponds to an interruption of the vascularization of the epiphyseal nucleus of the femoral head followed by avascular necrosis. This necrosis weakens the bone and subchondral fractures associated with a deformation of the femoral head is seen. It is important not to miss an extrusion of the femoral head, which makes surgical treatment unavoidable. The loss of joint congruence causes functional limitations and represents an increased risk for early hip osteoarthritis. Non weight bearing limits the subchondral fractures, but requires an important adaptation from the patient and his entourage...
January 10, 2018: Revue Médicale Suisse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29337447/-geriatric-medicine
#7
Gabriel Gold, Christophe Büla, Pierre Olivier Lang, Philippe Chassagne
2017 highlights benefits of prevention. Better control of cardiovascular risk reduces the incidence of dementia and monthly high-dose vitamin D the incidence of respiratory infections in nursing home. Pre-operative geriatric assessment lowers by 20% the rate of delirium after hip-fracture surgery and complications in vascular surgery. Deleterious effects are also reported. High-dose vitamin D triples the rate of falls in supplemented residents and doesn't improve gait speed in sedentary men. Widely used in cardiovascular prevention, antithrombotic therapy is associated with an astonishing risk of subdural bleeding that further increases with the number of drugs combined together...
January 10, 2018: Revue Médicale Suisse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336432/increased-mortality-rates-with-prolonged-corticosteroid-therapy-when-compared-with-antitumor-necrosis-factor-%C3%AE-directed-therapy-for-inflammatory-bowel-disease
#8
James D Lewis, Frank I Scott, Colleen M Brensinger, Jason A Roy, Mark T Osterman, Ronac Mamtani, Meenakshi Bewtra, Lang Chen, Huifeng Yun, Fenglong Xie, Jeffrey R Curtis
OBJECTIVES: Crohn's disease (CD) and ulcerative colitis (UC) are inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD) that compromise quality of life and may increase mortality. This study compared the mortality risk with prolonged corticosteroid use vs. antitumor necrosis factor-α (anti-TNF) drugs in IBD. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was conducted among Medicaid and Medicare beneficiaries from 2001 to 2013 with IBD prescribed either >3,000 mg of prednisone or equivalent within a 12-month period or new initiation of anti-TNF therapy, each treated as time-updating exposures...
January 16, 2018: American Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336024/facility-and-state-variation-in-hip-fracture-in-u-s-nursing-home-residents
#9
Andrew R Zullo, Tingting Zhang, Geetanjoli Banerjee, Yoojin Lee, Kevin W McConeghy, Douglas P Kiel, Lori A Daiello, Vincent Mor, Sarah D Berry
OBJECTIVES: To quantify the variation in hip fracture incidence across U.S. nursing home (NH) facilities and states and examine how hip fracture incidence varies according to facility- and state-level characteristics. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort using linked national Minimum Data Set assessments; Online Survey, Certification and Reporting records; and Medicare claims. SETTING: U.S. NHs with 100 or more beds. PARTICIPANTS: Long-stay NH residents between May 1, 2007, and April 30, 2008, from 1,481 facilities and 46 U...
January 16, 2018: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29335346/severity-of-sacroiliitis-and-erythrocyte-sedimentation-rate-are-associated-with-a-low-trabecular-bone-score-in-young-male-patients-with-ankylosing-spondylitis
#10
Kwi Young Kang, Min Kyung Chung, Ha Neul Kim, Yeon Sik Hong, Ji Hyeon Ju, Sung-Hwan Park
OBJECTIVE: To examine factors related to a low trabecular bone score (TBS) and the association between TBS and vertebral fractures in patients with ankylosing spondylitis (AS). METHODS: One hundred patients (all male, aged < 50 yrs) who fulfilled the modified New York criteria for the classification of AS were enrolled. The TBS and bone mineral density (BMD) were assessed using dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry. Clinical variables, inflammatory markers, and the presence of vertebral fractures were also assessed...
January 15, 2018: Journal of Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334963/evaluating-the-impact-of-a-falls-prevention-community-of-practice-in-a-residential-aged-care-setting-a-realist-approach
#11
Jacqueline Francis-Coad, Christopher Etherton-Beer, Caroline Bulsara, Nicole Blackburn, Paola Chivers, Anne-Marie Hill
BACKGROUND: Falls are a major socio-economic problem among residential aged care (RAC) populations resulting in high rates of injury including hip fracture. Guidelines recommend that multifactorial prevention strategies are implemented but these require translation into clinical practice. A community of practice (CoP) was selected as a suitable model to support translation of the best available evidence into practice, as it could bring together like-minded people with falls expertise and local clinical knowledge providing a social learning opportunity in the pursuit of a common goal; falls prevention...
January 15, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334273/the-barthel-index-and-the-cumulated-ambulation-score-are-superior-to-the-de-morton-mobility-index-for-the-early-assessment-of-outcome-in-patients-with-a-hip-fracture-admitted-to-an-acute-geriatric-ward
#12
Signe Hulsbæk, Rikke Faebo Larsen, Susanne Rosthøj, Morten Tange Kristensen
PURPOSE: To examine clinimetric properties of the de Morton Mobility Index (DEMMI) in patients with hip fracture in comparison with the modified Barthel Index (BI), Cumulated Ambulation Score (CAS), and 30-s Chair Stand Test (30-s CST). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Two hundred and twenty two patients with a hip fracture admitted to a geriatric ward following surgery were assessed on day 1 and at discharge (mean of 9 [SD 5.1] post-surgery days). RESULTS: Ninety eight percent and 89% of patients were not able to perform the 30-s CST at baseline and at discharge (large floor effect), respectively...
January 15, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333793/awareness-and-functional-outcome-of-hip-fracture-related-falls-among-patients-with-a-history-of-recurrent-falling
#13
Efraim Aizen, Hila Nixon, Inna Shugaev
BACKGROUND: There is little evidence about awareness and functional outcome of hip fracture-related falls among patients with a history of recurrent falling. OBJECTIVES: To measure the awareness of recurrent falling in patients and to compare their functional outcomes with those who suffered hip fracture after a sporadic isolated fall. METHODS: A prospective comparative study of patients after a hip fracture-related fall was conducted. Awareness of falls was measured and functional outcome was assessed by total and motor Functional Independence Measure (FIM) score changes and efficiency and scores at admission and on discharge...
January 2018: Israel Medical Association Journal: IMAJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331010/implants-for-extracapsular-neck-of-femur-fracture-dynamic-hip-screw-versus-intramedullary-nailing
#14
Faisal Farooq Butt, Adnan Shabbair Hussain, Ahmed Mushtaq Khan, Maria Sultan
Neck of femur fractures are the most prevalent type of injury in elderly trauma patients. Both intra and extra capsular type of fractures are equally distributed in the given population. Traditionally, Extra capsular fractures are fixed with Dynamic Hip screw or Intra medullary nailing based on the type of fracture. NICE (National Institute of Clinical Excellence) recommends fixing 31-A1 and 31-A2 fractures with DHS (Dynamic Hip Screw) whereas AO recommends fixing 31-A1 with DHS and 31-A2.1 subtype with DHS and 31-A2...
October 2017: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329713/baseline-and-pre-operative-1-year-mortality-risk-factors-in-a-cohort-of-509-hip-fracture-patients-consecutively-admitted-to-a-co-managed-orthogeriatric-unit-fonda-cohort
#15
Rocío Menéndez-Colino, Teresa Alarcon, Pilar Gotor, Rocío Queipo, Raquel Ramírez-Martín, Angel Otero, Juan I González-Montalvo
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to determine the patient characteristics that predict 1-year mortality after a hip fracture (HF). METHODS: All patients admitted consecutively with fragility HF during 1 year in a co-managed orthogeriatric unit of a university hospital (FONDA cohort) were assesed. Baseline and admission demographic, clinical, functional, analytical and body-composition variables were collected in the first 72 h after admission. A protocol designed to minimize the consequences of the HF was applied...
January 6, 2018: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328790/hospital-stay-and-blood-transfusion-in-elderly-patients-with-hip-fractures
#16
Efthymios Iliopoulos, Sohail Yousaf, Hazel Watters, Arshad Khaleel
Neck of femur (NOF) fractures in elderly patients are the most frequent condition which an orthopaedic surgeon confronts nowadays. The incidence of these fractures is increasing as the population continues to age. These patients absorb the majority of the resources in the hospitals, as their healthcare demands are increased. This study included all patients who were admitted to our hospital between January and October 2015 following a neck of femur fracture. A total of 336 patients were included (72.3% female)...
December 2017: Journal of Perioperative Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327294/low-risk-for-hip-fracture-and-high-risk-for-hip-arthroplasty-due-to-osteoarthritis-among-swedish-farmers
#17
H Johansson, C Hongslo Vala, A Odén, M Lorentzon, E McCloskey, J A Kanis, N C Harvey, C Ohlsson, L Stefan Lohmander, J Kärrholm, D Mellström
We aimed to study the risk of hip fracture and risk of hip arthroplasty among farmers in Sweden. Our results indicate that farming, representing an occupation with high physical activity, in men is associated with a lower risk of hip fracture but an increased risk of hip arthroplasty. INTRODUCTION: The risks of hip fracture and hip arthroplasty are influenced by factors including socioeconomic status, education, urbanization, latitude of residence, and physical activity. Farming is an occupation encompassing rural living and high level of physical activity...
January 12, 2018: Osteoporosis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327108/computed-tomography-for-occult-fractures-of-the-proximal-femur-pelvis-and-sacrum-in-clinical-practice-single-institution-dual-site-experience
#18
Jacob C Mandell, Michael J Weaver, Bharti Khurana
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the diagnostic performance of CT for assessment of occult fractures of the proximal femur, pelvis, and sacrum. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective review was performed on patients who received a CT of the hip or pelvis for suspected occult fracture after negative or equivocal radiographs performed within 24 h. The official radiology report was utilized for the determination of CT findings and calculation of sensitivity and specificity...
January 11, 2018: Emergency Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326764/a-prospective-study-to-evaluate-the-management-of-sub-trochanteric-femur-fractures-with-long-proximal-femoral-nail
#19
M Kumar, V Akshat, A Kanwariya, M Gandhi
Introduction: Sub-trochanteric fractures of the femur remains one of the most challenging fractures faced by orthopaedic surgeons. This study was done to analyse the management and complications of sub-trochanteric fractures using long proximal femoral nail (PFN). Materials and Methods: This was a prospective study of 50 patients with sub-trochanteric fractures of femur who were treated with long PFN at a tertiary care center from July 2012 to June 2016. The fractures were classified according to Seinsheimer classification...
November 2017: Malaysian Orthopaedic Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326497/is-the-modified-harris-hip-score-valid-and-responsive-instrument-for-outcome-assessment-in-the-indian-population-with-pertrochanteric-fractures
#20
Karthik Vishwanathan, Keyur Akbari, Amit J Patel
Introduction: The original Harris hip score (HHS) does not contain ability to perform squatting and sitting cross legged as items in the questionnaire and hence a need was felt to modify the Harris hip score so that it could stay relevant in functional assessment of Indian patients in the rural setting. Validity, responsiveness and ceiling floor effect of the Harris hip score after internal fixation of pertrochanteric fracture has not been previously described. The objective of the study was to investigate construct validity, responsiveness and ceiling floor effects of the modified Harris hip score (mHHS)...
March 2018: Journal of Orthopaedics
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