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Back pain and massage

Samantha Rothberg, Benjamin W Friedman
BACKGROUND: A total of 2.7 million patients present to US emergency departments annually for management of low back pain (LBP). Despite optimal medical therapy, more than 50% remain functionally impaired 3 months later. We performed a systematic review to address the following question: Among patients with nonchronic LBP, does spinal manipulation, massage, exercise, or yoga, when combined with standard medical therapy, improve pain and functional outcomes more than standard medical therapy alone? METHODS: We used published searches to identify relevant studies, supplemented with our own updated search...
October 5, 2016: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
Syal Kumar, Thomas Rampp, Christian Kessler, Michael Jeitler, Gustav J Dobos, Rainer Lüdtke, Larissa Meier, Andreas Michalsen
OBJECTIVES: Ayurveda is one of the oldest comprehensive healthcare systems worldwide. Ayurvedic massage and physical therapy are frequently used to treat patients with chronic pain syndromes and disorders of the musculoskeletal system. This study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of Ayurvedic massage in nonspecific chronic low back pain by means of a randomized clinical trial. DESIGN: Sixty-four patients (mean age, 54.8 years; 49 women and 15 men) with chronic low back pain who scored >40 mm on a 100-mm visual analogue scale (VAS) were randomly assigned to a 2-week massage group with 6 hours of Ayurvedic massage and external treatment (n = 32) or to a 2-week local thermal therapy group (n = 32)...
October 5, 2016: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
Gulis Kavadar, Demet Tekdos Demircioğlu, Halil Can, Tuluhan Yunus Emre, Erdinç Civelek, Abdulhalim Senyigit
BACKGROUND: Complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) use has been increasing. OBJECTIVE: To identify the factors associated with perceived benefit from CAM methods in back problems. METHODS: The study was conducted on patients who practiced any CAM methods due to complaints of back pain. Social-demographic properties, details of CAM methods employed were questioned. Severity of pain was measured by visual analog scale (VAS); benefits were evaluated by the Likert scale...
September 23, 2016: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
Vitsarut Buttagat, Thitipong Narktro, Kamonporn Onsrira, Chaithawat Pobsamai
OBJECTIVE: To investigate effects of traditional Thai massage (TTM) on electromyographic (EMG) activity, muscle tension and pain intensity in patients with upper back pain associated with myofascial trigger points (MTrPs). DESIGN: A single-blind, randomized clinical trial. SETTING: The Department of Physical Therapy, School of Health Science, Mae Fah Luang University, Thailand. INTERVENTION: Fifty patients were randomly assigned to receive a 30-min session of either TTM or control (sham microwave diathermy)...
October 2016: Complementary Therapies in Medicine
Helen Hall, Holger Cramer, Tobias Sundberg, Lesley Ward, Jon Adams, Craig Moore, David Sibbritt, Romy Lauche
BACKGROUND: Low back pain and pelvic girth pain are common in pregnancy and women commonly utilize complementary manual therapies such as massage, spinal manipulation, chiropractic, and osteopathy to manage their symptoms. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this systematically review was to critically appraise and synthesize the best available evidence regarding the effectiveness of manual therapies for managing pregnancy-related low back and pelvic pain. METHODS: Seven databases were searched from their inception until April 2015 for randomized controlled trials...
September 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
Laura Allen
OBJECTIVES: To study the effects of massage on chronic low-back pain in a patient with four different diagnoses: osteoarthritis, scoliosis, spinal stenosis, and degenerative disc disease. The patient's goal was to cut down on the amount of pain medication he takes. METHODS: A 63-year-old man with chronic back pain received four massages across a twenty-day period. Progress was recorded using the Oswestry Low Back Pain Scale, as he self-reported on levels of pain and interference with his activities of daily living...
September 2016: International Journal of Therapeutic Massage & Bodywork
Ann B Kennedy, Jerrilyn A Cambron, Patricia A Sharpe, Ravensara S Travillian, Ruth P Saunders
BACKGROUND: Massage therapists are at times unclear about the definition of massage therapy, which creates challenges for the profession. It is important to investigate the current definitions and to consider the field as a whole in order to move toward clarity on what constitutes the constructs within the profession. PURPOSE: To determine how a sample of experts understand and describe the field of massage therapy as a step toward clarifying definitions for massage and massage therapy, and framing the process of massage therapy practice...
September 2016: International Journal of Therapeutic Massage & Bodywork
Marina Ciccarelli, Kerri Fraser, Sharmila Vaz
BACKGROUND/AIM: Children and adolescents are prolific users of information and communication technologies (ICT) in learning, leisure, and social communication activities. High exposure to ICT is associated with musculoskeletal injuries in adults; however, the management of ICT physical complaints in children is not well-understood. METHODS: An online survey of allied health professionals (occupational therapists, physiotherapists, and chiropractors) was undertaken to determine (i) the number of children and adolescents in Perth, Western Australia who accessed treatment for musculoskeletal complaints related to use of technology; (ii) the typical frequency and duration of service provision; and (iii) the nature of treatment provided...
September 16, 2016: Australian Occupational Therapy Journal
David Sibbritt, Suzy Ladanyi, Jon Adams
AIMS: Back, neck and/or pelvic pain are common symptoms experienced by pregnant women. Although pregnant women are known to use complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) frequently, no research to date has provided in-depth examination of healthcare practitioner utilisation of pregnant women who experience back, neck and/or pelvic pain. METHODS: A sub-study of 1835 pregnant women from the nationally representative Australian Longitudinal Study on Women's Health (ALSWH)...
September 12, 2016: International Journal of Clinical Practice
Richard L Nahin, Robin Boineau, Partap S Khalsa, Barbara J Stussman, Wendy J Weber
Although most pain is acute and resolves within a few days or weeks, millions of Americans have persistent or recurring pain that may become chronic and debilitating. Medications may provide only partial relief from this chronic pain and can be associated with unwanted effects. As a result, many individuals turn to complementary health approaches as part of their pain management strategy. This article examines the clinical trial evidence for the efficacy and safety of several specific approaches-acupuncture, manipulation, massage therapy, relaxation techniques including meditation, selected natural product supplements (chondroitin, glucosamine, methylsulfonylmethane, S-adenosylmethionine), tai chi, and yoga-as used to manage chronic pain and related disability associated with back pain, fibromyalgia, osteoarthritis, neck pain, and severe headaches or migraines...
September 2016: Mayo Clinic Proceedings
C Thielscher, E Hahn, M Klumpp, B Lindenberg, D Matusiewicz
AIM OF THE STUDY: The article examines how big German insurance companies handle back pain in terms of occupational health management (OHM). METHODOLOGY: Narrative interviews with experts from 8 out of the 20 biggest enterprises were conducted. RESULTS: Musculoskeletal diseases are the number one or number two reason for sick leave. All enterprises offer OHM; there is a variety of measures, e. g., sport, massage, advice, ergonomics, healthy food and leadership training...
August 12, 2016: Der Orthopäde
Mamak Hashemi, Ali Akbar Jafarian, Shahram Tofighi, Kamran Mahluji, Farzin Halabchi
BACKGROUND: Low-back pain is one of the most common human morbidities worldwide, which is damaging individually, socially and economically. Recent studies have shown that its prevalence is rising. Most of the low-back pains are non-specific though specific ones need more complicated and more expensive treatments. Sciatica or lumbar radiculopathy is one of these specific low-back pains and is explained in Iranian traditional medicine textbooks in detail. Massage is one of the therapeutic modalities, advised for sciatica...
May 2016: Iranian Journal of Medical Sciences
Sue Dean, Joanne Lewis, Caleb Ferguson
Touch by the laying - on of hands is an apparently simple but actually profoundly complex act. The therapeutic, comforting effects of touch have for centuries contributed to improving or maintaining health. Early studies showed us that therapeutic touch raised haemoglobin levels and more recent studies have shown that when people connect and especially when they touch each other, oxytocin (the feel good hormone) is released (Krieger 1975, Macdonald & Macdonald 2010, Pinker 2015). Since Florence Nightingale in the mid 1880's guided the teaching of massage as part of nurses' qualification at St Thomas Hospital, London, touch has been central to the work of a nurse (Krieger 1975)...
July 6, 2016: Journal of Clinical Nursing
Adelaida María Castro-Sánchez, Inmaculada Carmen Lara-Palomo, Guillermo A Matarán-Peñarrocha, Manuel Saavedra-Hernández, José Manuel Pérez-Mármol, María Encarnación Aguilar-Ferrándiz
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effects of craniosacral therapy on disability, pain intensity, quality of life, and mobility in patients with low back pain. DESIGN: A single-blinded randomized controlled trial. PATIENTS: Sixty-four patients with chronic nonspecific low back pain (mean age ± SD, 50 ± 12 years; 66% female) who were referred for physical therapy at a clinical unit of the Health Science School of the University of Almeria (Spain)...
August 2016: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
Erin Yates, Ganesh Balu
UNLABELLED: Deep Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (dTMS) is the next generation of technology used to treat Major Depressive Disorder (MDD). dTMS has been proven to be a safe and effective treatment modality for MDD and may have secondary benefits in patients with chronic low back pain by reducing pain related morbidity. We are presenting two case studies with MDD and chronic low back pain to demonstrate the effectiveness of both the antidepressant and analgesic effects of dTMS. BACKGROUND: Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (rTMS) utilizes MRI-strength magnetic pulses outside the cranium to stimulate the brain to a depth of approximately 1 cm...
March 2016: Delaware Medical Journal
Jan Dommerholt, Todd Hooks, Michelle Finnegan, Rob Grieve
The worldwide interest in myofascial pain syndrome (MPS) and trigger points (TrPs) is reflected in the increasing number of publications. In this overview of the literature, we included 26 studies, case reports and review articles by authors from 18 different countries. Several research groups are exploring the characteristic of TrPs such as Chen and colleagues, who continued their work on the quantification of the taut bands. Meng and colleagues studied the relationships between TrPs and central sensitization, while Yu and colleagues examined the electrophysiological characteristics that occur as a result of active TrPs...
April 2016: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
Laura Kennedy, Erin Gonzales, Lisa Corbin
This case study describes the effects of the use of curanderismo, an indigenous healing modality combining techniques in massage, sound, and aromatherapy, on a patient with chronic pain. Despite being a commonly used health practice in certain populations, little is reported in the medical literature about the use of curanderismo. Case report as part of a larger randomized trial of curanderismo for chronic pain. Setting was a community-based hospital affiliated primary care clinic. An adult patient with chronic, opioid dependent back pain following an injury, and subsequent spinal fusion was treated...
July 2016: Explore: the Journal of Science and Healing
Kari Paanalahti, Lena W Holm, Margareta Nordin, Jonas Höijer, Jessica Lyander, Martin Asker, Eva Skillgate
BACKGROUND: Manual therapy as spinal manipulation, spinal mobilization, stretching and massage are common treatment methods for neck and back pain. The objective was to compare the treatment effect on pain intensity, pain related disability and perceived recovery from a) naprapathic manual therapy (spinal manipulation, spinal mobilization, stretching and massage) to b) naprapathic manual therapy without spinal manipulation and to c) naprapathic manual therapy without stretching for male and female patients seeking care for back and/or neck pain...
2016: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
J Bredow, K Bloess, J Oppermann, C K Boese, L Löhrer, P Eysel
OBJECTIVES: Non-specific chronic low back pain (NSCLBP): Which conservative therapy shows an evident effectiveness - A review of the current literature. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Our results are based on literature reviews of current randomised control studies, reviews and meta-analysis drawn from the Cochrane Library and Medline-Database between the years 2004 until 2015. German and English Studies were included. We focused on different conservative Treatments of NSCLBP, which are listed at, the NVL-Guidelines...
July 2016: Der Orthopäde
Katrina Farber, L Susan Wieland
UNLABELLED: FURLAN AD, GIRALDOM, BASKWILL A, IRVIN E, IMAMURA M. MASSAGE FOR LOW-BACK PAIN. COCHRANE DATABASE SYST REV 2015, ISSUE 9. ART. NO.: CD001929. DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD001929.PUB3. BACKGROUND: Low back pain (LPB) is one of the most common and costly musculoskeletal problems in modern society. It is experienced by 70-80% of adults at some time in their lives. Massage therapy has the potential to minimize pain and speed return to normal function. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of massage therapy for people with non-specific LBP...
May 2016: Explore: the Journal of Science and Healing
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