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Clinical Psychology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231027/insomnia-sleep-quality-and-quality-of-life-in-mild-to-moderate-parkinson-s-disease
#1
Shirin Shafazand, Douglas M Wallace, Kristopher L Arheart, Silvia Vargas, Corneliu C Luca, Henry Moore, Heather Katzen, Bonnie Levin, Carlos Singer
RATIONALE: Sleep disorders are prevalent in Parkinson's disease and yet under reported in clinical settings. The contribution of sleep disorders to health-related quality of life (HRQOL) for patients with this degenerative neurological disease are not well known. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the impact of insomnia symptoms, obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), and poor sleep quality on HRQOL in a cohort of patients with idiopathic Parkinson's disease. METHODS: We enrolled a convenience sample of 66 adults seen in the University of Miami Movement Disorders Clinic between July 2011 and June 2013...
February 23, 2017: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230391/improvements-in-emotion-regulation-following-mindfulness-meditation-effects-on-depressive-symptoms-and-perceived-stress-in-younger-breast-cancer-survivors
#2
Chloe C Boyle, Annette L Stanton, Patricia A Ganz, Catherine M Crespi, Julienne E Bower
OBJECTIVE: Mindfulness meditation reduces psychological distress among individuals with cancer. However, mechanisms for intervention effects have not been fully determined. This study tested emotion regulation strategies as mediators of intervention effects in a sample of younger women treated for breast cancer, a group at risk for psychological distress. We focused on two distinct strategies targeted by the intervention-rumination and self-kindness-and further examined the broader construct of mindfulness as a potential mediator...
February 23, 2017: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229508/meditation-training-for-people-with-amyotrophic-lateral-sclerosis-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#3
F Pagnini, A Marconi, A Tagliaferri, G M Manzoni, R Gatto, V Fabiani, G Gragnano, G Rossi, E Volpato, P Banfi, A Palmieri, F Graziano, G Castelnuovo, M Corbo, E Molinari, N Riva, V Sansone, C Lunetta
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Studies investigating psychological interventions for the promotion of well-being in people with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) are lacking. The purpose of the current study was to examine the use of an ALS-specific mindfulness-based intervention for improving quality of life in this population. METHODS: A randomized, open-label and controlled clinical trial was conducted on the efficacy of an ALS-specific meditation programme in promoting quality of life...
February 23, 2017: European Journal of Neurology: the Official Journal of the European Federation of Neurological Societies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229443/-desvenlafaxine-and-neuropathic-pain-additional-clinical-benefits-of-a-second-generation-serotonin-noradrenaline-reuptake-inhibitor
#4
REVIEW
A Alcantara-Montero
INTRODUCTION: Desvenlafaxine is the third antidepressant within the group of serotonin-norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors. The latest clinical practice guidelines consulted agree that tricyclic antidepressants, dual (venlafaxine/duloxetine) and gabapentin/pregabalin antiepileptics, are the first-line drugs in the treatment of neuropathic pain, being tramadol, lidocaine 5% patches and capsaicin 8% patches of second-line drugs, while strong opioids constitute a third line treatment. The interaction between the binomial pain and depression is very frequent, being the psychological complication more frequent in patients with chronic pain...
March 1, 2017: Revista de Neurologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229182/outpatient-unicompartmental-knee-arthroplasty-who-is-afraid-of-outpatient-surgery
#5
Alexander Hoorntje, Koen L M Koenraadt, Margreet G Boevé, Rutger C I van Geenen
PURPOSE: In recent years, duration of hospitalisation after knee arthroplasty has decreased and fast track and outpatient surgery protocols have been developed. Studies have shown that outpatient surgery is feasible, safe, and cost effective. However, the psychological well-being of patients undergoing outpatient surgery has never been described before. The purpose of this study was to investigate how patients experience outpatient surgery for unicompartmental knee arthroplasty (UKA), examining levels of anxiety and depression, satisfaction, and pain...
February 22, 2017: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229019/is-there-a-relation-between-dental-anxiety-fear-and-general-psychological-status
#6
Tuba Talo Yildirim, Serkan Dundar, Alihan Bozoglan, Tahir Karaman, Neval Dildes, Filiz Acun Kaya, Eyyup Altintas, Faruk Oztekin, Osman Atas, Hilal Alan
BACKGROUND: Dental anxiety is a widespread problem in many populations. This problem can be a barrier to dental care and may lead to poor oral health. Dental anxiety may be related to psychological status. AIMS: The aim of the present study was to assess the levels of dental anxiety, dental fear, Beck Depression, and state-trait anxiety according to age, gender and education level in patients at the periodontology clinic in the Diyarbakır Mouth and Dental Health Center...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228739/touchscreen-tablets-coordinating-action-and-perception-for-mathematical-cognition
#7
Carolien A C G Duijzer, Shakila Shayan, Arthur Bakker, Marieke F Van der Schaaf, Dor Abrahamson
Proportional reasoning is important and yet difficult for many students, who often use additive strategies, where multiplicative strategies are better suited. In our research we explore the potential of an interactive touchscreen tablet application to promote proportional reasoning by creating conditions that steer students toward multiplicative strategies. The design of this application (Mathematical Imagery Trainer) was inspired by arguments from embodied-cognition theory that mathematical understanding is grounded in sensorimotor schemes...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228081/the-neurobiology-and-psychiatric-perspective-of-vaginismus-linking-the-pharmacological-and-psycho-social-interventions
#8
Zuri Shahidii Kadir, Hatta Sidi, Jaya Kumar, Srijit Das, Marhani Midin, Najwa Baharuddin
Vaginismus is an involuntary muscle contraction of the outer third of vaginal barrel causing sexual penetration almost impossible. It is generally classified under sexual pain disorder (SPD). In Diagnostic and Statistical Manual, 5th edition, it is classified under the new rubric of Genito-Pelvic Pain/Sexual Penetration Disorder. This fear-avoidance condition poses an ongoing significant challenge to the medical and health professionals due to the very demanding needs in health care despite its unpredictable prognosis...
February 22, 2017: Current Drug Targets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227768/measures-of-the-brain-functional-network-that-correlate-with-alzheimer-s-neuropsychological-test-scores-an-fmri-and-graph-analysis-study
#9
Soroosh Golbabaei, Amin Dadashi, Hamid Soltanian-Zadeh, Soroosh Golbabaei, Amin Dadashi, Hamid Soltanian-Zadeh, Soroosh Golbabaei, Amin Dadashi, Hamid Soltanian-Zadeh
Neural degeneration in Alzheimer's disease (AD) leads to structural topology deformation that in turn changes brain functionality. The main aim of the present study is to find the brain's functional connectivity network (FCN) correlates of Alzheimer's psychological test scores. To this end, the brain's FCN is extracted from the resting state functional magnetic resonance images (rs-fMRI) of healthy controls and patients with AD and represented as a graph. Then, network measures are calculated from the graphs...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226332/responsible-safe-and-effective-prescription-of-opioids-for-chronic-non-cancer-pain-american-society-of-interventional-pain-physicians-asipp-guidelines
#10
Laxmaiah Manchikanti, Adam M Kaye, Nebojsa Nick Knezevic, Heath McAnally, Konstantin Slavin, Andrea M Trescot, Susan Blank, Vidyasagar Pampati, Salahadin Abdi, Jay S Grider, Alan D Kaye, Kavita N Manchikanti, Harold Cordner, Christopher G Gharibo, Michael E Harned, Sheri L Albers, Sairam Atluri, Steve M Aydin, Sanjay Bakshi, Robert L Barkin, Ramsin M Benyamin, Mark V Boswell, Ricardo M Buenaventura, Aaron K Calodney, David L Cedeno, Sukdeb Datta, Timothy R Deer, Bert Fellows, Vincent Galan, Vahid Grami, Hans Hansen, Standiford Helm Ii, Rafael Justiz, Dhanalakshmi Koyyalagunta, Yogesh Malla, Annu Navani, Kent H Nouri, Ramarao Pasupuleti, Nalini Sehgal, Sanford M Silverman, Thomas T Simopoulos, Vijay Singh, Daneshvari R Solanki, Peter S Staats, Ricardo Vallejo, Bradley W Wargo, Arthur Watanabe, Joshua A Hirsch
BACKGROUND: Opioid use, abuse, and adverse consequences, including death, have escalated at an alarming rate since the 1990s. In an attempt to control opioid abuse, numerous regulations and guidelines for responsible opioid prescribing have been developed by various organizations. However, the US opioid epidemic is continuing and drug dose deaths tripled during 1999 to 2015. Recent data show a continuing increase in deaths due to natural and semisynthetic opioids, a decline in methadone deaths, and an explosive increase in the rates of deaths involving other opioids, specifically heroin and illicit synthetic fentanyl...
February 2017: Pain Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225375/impact-of-a-child-life-and-music-therapy-procedural-support-intervention-on-parental-perception-of-their-child-s-distress-during-intravenous-placement
#11
Gabriela S Ortiz, Todd OʼConnor, Jessa Carey, Adam Vella, Audrey Paul, Diane Rode, Alan Weinberg
OBJECTIVES: Child life specialists and music therapists have a unique and integral role in providing psychosocial care to pediatric patients and families. These professionals are trained to provide clinical interventions that support coping and adjustment and reduce the risk of psychological trauma related to hospital visits and health care encounters. The researchers devised a multimodal approach using a combined child life and music therapy intervention to address procedure-related distress in patients receiving intravenous (IV) placement in the pediatric emergency department...
February 21, 2017: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225325/application-of-mental-skills-training-in-surgery-a-review-of-its-effectiveness-and-proposed-next-steps
#12
Nicholas E Anton, Eric A Bean, Samuel C Hammonds, Dimitrios Stefanidis
INTRODUCTION: Mental skills training, which refers to the teaching of performance enhancement and stress management psychological strategies, may benefit surgeons. Our objective was to review the application of mental skills training in surgery and contrast it to other domains, examine the effectiveness of this approach in enhancing surgical performance and reducing stress, and provide future directions for mental skills training in surgery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A systematic literature search of MEDLINE, PubMed, PsycINFO, and ClinicalKey was performed between 1996 and 2016...
February 22, 2017: Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224732/pathways-into-psychopathology-modeling-the-effects-of-trait-emotional-intelligence-mindfulness-and-irrational-beliefs-in-a-clinical-sample
#13
K V Petrides, María G Gómez, Juan-Carlos Pérez-González
: We investigated possible pathways into mental illness via the combined effects of trait emotional intelligence (trait EI), mindfulness, and irrational beliefs. The sample comprised 121 psychiatric outpatients (64.5% males, mean age = 38.8 years) with a variety of formal clinical diagnoses. Psychopathology was operationalized by means of 3 distinct indicators from the Millon Clinical Multi-Axial Inventory (mild pathology, severe pathology, and clinical symptomatology). A structural equation model confirmed significant direct trait EI and mindfulness effects on irrational beliefs and psychopathology...
February 21, 2017: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28223668/-genetic-counseling-of-hboc-and-japanese-organization-of-hboc
#14
Yoshimitsu Fukushima
Genetic testing, which reveals germline mutations, is extremely important for HBOC patients and their families. The evolution of this field has created a need for accurate cancer genetic counseling and risk assessment. Prevention and early therapy are possible in HBOC. If a patient has BRCA1 or BRCA2 mutations, the at-risk relatives should receive the information through genetic counseling. Genetic counseling provides not only information but also psychological and social support so that the patient or subject can autonomously decide...
February 2017: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222781/the-complex-interplay-between-clinical-and-person-centered-diabetes-outcomes-in-the-two-genders
#15
Maria Chiara Rossi, Giuseppe Lucisano, Basilio Pintaudi, Angela Bulotta, Sandro Gentile, Marco Scardapane, Soren Eik Skovlund, Giacomo Vespasiani, Antonio Nicolucci
BACKGROUND: New approaches to cope with clinical and psychosocial aspects of type 2 diabetes (T2DM) are needed; gender influences the complex interplay between clinical and non-clinical factors. We used data from the BENCH-D study to assess gender-differences in terms of clinical and person-centered measures in T2DM. METHODS: Clinical quality of care indicators relative to control of HbA1c, lipid profile, blood pressure, and BMI were derived from electronic medical records...
February 21, 2017: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222741/the-impact-of-psychological-factors-on-condition-specific-generic-and-individualized-patient-reported-outcomes-in-low-back-pain
#16
Ida Løchting, Andrew M Garratt, Kjersti Storheim, Erik L Werner, Margreth Grotle
BACKGROUND: An individualized patient reported outcome (PRO) has recently been recommended within LBP research, but no study has evaluated this instrument with commonly applied PROs. Moreover, the impact of psychological factors has mostly been assessed for disease-specific instruments. The objective of this study was to assess the predictive value of illness perceptions, pain catastrophizing and psychological distress on 12 month outcomes assessed by specific, generic and individualized PROs recommended in low back pain (LBP)...
February 21, 2017: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222514/one-year-evolution-of-behavioral-and%C3%A2-psychological-symptoms-of-dementia-in-patients-initially-hospitalized-in%C3%A2-cognitive-behavioral-units-the-evital-prospective-cohort
#17
Isabelle Rouch, Elodie Pongan, Béatrice Trombert, Florence Fabre, Nicolas Auguste, Claire Sellier, Magalie Freulon, Sophie Jacqueline, Denis Federico, Christelle Mouchoux, Géraldine Martin-Gaujard, Pierre Krolak-Salmon, Bernard Laurent, Jean-Michel Dorey
BACKGROUND: The 2008-2012 French Alzheimer's Plan has provided hospital Cognitive and Behavioral Units (CBU) to improve the management of patients with productive behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia (BPSD). Little is known concerning the behavioral outcome of these patients after discharge. OBJECTIVE: The present study investigated the long-term evolution of BPSD over one year after CBU discharge. METHODS: The EVITAL cohort included 221 participants admitted to the CBUs of 3 French hospitals...
February 10, 2017: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221214/an-integrative-review-of-psychosocial-concerns-among-young-african-american-breast-cancer-survivors
#18
Timiya S Nolan, Jennifer Frank, Silvia Gisiger-Camata, Karen Meneses
BACKGROUND: African American (AA) women are more likely to be given a diagnosis of breast cancer at an early age, experience morbidity after treatment, and exhibit disparities in survivorship. Although psychosocial well-being is largely studied among breast cancer survivors, data are sparse regarding young AA survivors. OBJECTIVE: This integrative review examined psychosocial concerns in survivorship among young AA survivors using a quality-of-life framework. METHODS: PubMed, CINHAL, EMBASE, PsychINFO, and Scopus were searched for articles exploring psychosocial well-being in young AA survivors...
February 17, 2017: Cancer Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221072/reflections-on-quagmires-for-clinicians-and-coaches-comment-on-gebhardt-2016
#19
Anthony M Grant
Professional coaching can be considered an example of a postprofessional discipline-a discipline that transcends the traditional boundaries between professional clinical psychology and business consulting and coaching. Not surprisingly, a number of potential quagmires in relation to ethical, educational, and credentialing issues have arisen. However, such tensions present an opportunity to build more solid foundations for the delivery of professional coaching services. A way forward is to more broadly engage with university-level theoretically grounded, coaching-specific educational programs...
February 2017: American Psychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221071/clarifications-on-executive-coaching-comment-on-gebhardt-2016
#20
Joel A DiGirolamo
Multiple issues and concerns are raised around the disparate practices of clinical psychology and coaching. It is important to make a distinction between psychologists who also coach, and coaches who are not trained psychologists who rightfully should not wander into therapeutic roles. Second, one would expect that a code of ethics for a diverse psychological organization would cover a broader spectrum of issues than an organization focused solely on coaching. Finally, credential programs are quite different from academic, postsecondary degree programs, and accreditation of each type should therefore be considered independently...
February 2017: American Psychologist
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