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Clinical Psychology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691245/health-related-quality-of-life-in-chinese-inpatients-with-lung-cancer-treatedin-large-general-hospitals-across-sectional-study
#1
Wen Gu, Yan-Min Xu, Bao-Liang Zhong
OBJECTIVE: In China, psychosocial problems of patients with cancer are under-recognised and undertreated in medical oncology practice. This study examined the health-related quality of life (QOL) in inpatients with lung cancer treated in large general hospitals and explored the demographic, clinical and psychosocial factors associated with QOL. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. PARTICIPANTS AND SETTING: Altogether, 148 inpatients with lung cancer were consecutively recruited from two large general hospitals in Tianjin, China...
April 24, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29690887/relational-spirituality-and-quality-of-life-2007-to-2017-an-integrative-research-review
#2
REVIEW
Victor Counted, Adam Possamai, Tanya Meade
BACKGROUND: Despite the increasing number of evidence-based research on relational spirituality (RS) and quality of life (QoL) in medical-health research, little is known about the links between RS and QoL outcomes and the mechanisms by which RS aspects are functionally tied to QoL. OBJECTIVE: To determine how RS is perceived/positioned in relation to QoL, we (a) examined recent available data that identify and appraise the links between RS and QoL; (b) identified themes emerging from the association between RS and QoL, and (c) discussed the implications of the effects of RS on QoL outcomes...
April 24, 2018: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29690783/prevalence-of-depressive-syndrome-and-their-association-with-demographic-and-clinical-characteristics-in-chinese-hiv-patients
#3
Yuan-Yuan Wang, Jin Zhao, Qinge Zhang, Yan Zhang, Baolian Bai, Chee H Ng, Gabor S Ungvari, Fu-Jun Jia, Yu-Tao Xiang
To investigate the prevalence of depressive syndrome and their association with demographic and clinical characteristics in Chinese patients infected with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). A total of 416 patients with HIV infection were consecutively screened and enrolled in the study. Depressive syndrome was assessed with the Center for Epidemiologic Studies-Depression Scale (CES-D). The proportion of depressive syndrome was 36.3%. Patients with depressive syndrome were younger, and were more likely to have severe anxiety symptoms, religious beliefs and psychological treatment...
April 24, 2018: AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29689719/the-behavioral-and-psychological-symptoms-of-dementia-in-down-syndrome-bpsd-ds-scale-comprehensive-assessment-of-psychopathology-in-down-syndrome
#4
Alain D Dekker, Silvia Sacco, Angelo Carfi, Bessy Benejam, Yannick Vermeiren, Gonny Beugelsdijk, Mieke Schippers, Lyanne Hassefras, José Eleveld, Sharina Grefelman, Roelie Fopma, Monique Bomer-Veenboer, Mariángeles Boti, G Danielle E Oosterling, Esther Scholten, Marleen Tollenaere, Laura Checkley, André Strydom, Gert Van Goethem, Graziano Onder, Rafael Blesa, Christine Zu Eulenburg, Antonia M W Coppus, Anne-Sophie Rebillat, Juan Fortea, Peter P De Deyn
People with Down syndrome (DS) are prone to develop Alzheimer's disease (AD). Behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia (BPSD) are core features, but have not been comprehensively evaluated in DS. In a European multidisciplinary study, the novel Behavioral and Psychological Symptoms of Dementia in Down Syndrome (BPSD-DS) scale was developed to identify frequency and severity of behavioral changes taking account of life-long characteristic behavior. 83 behavioral items in 12 clinically defined sections were evaluated...
April 16, 2018: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29689694/meaning-and-its-association-with-happiness-health-and-healthcare-utilization-a-cross-sectional-study
#5
Dexing Zhang, Dicken Cheong-Chun Chan, Lu Niu, Huiming Liu, Dan Zou, Aaroy Tsun-Yin Chan, Tiffany Ting Gao, Baoliang Zhong, Regina Wing-Shan Sit, Samuel Yeung-Shan Wong
BACKGROUND: Meaning in life is not only a significant component of psychological well-being, but also a neglected issue with clinical importance that needs to be studied further, especially its association with health and healthcare utilization. OBJECTIVE: To study the level of meaning and its association with happiness, health and healthcare utilization among the elderly in Hong Kong. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey via telephone was conducted among 1000 elderly aged 60 years or above in Hong Kong...
February 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29689482/adventure-based-training-to-promote-physical-activity-and-reduce-fatigue-among-childhood-cancer-survivors-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#6
William H C Li, K Y Ho, K K W Lam, H S Lam, S Y Chui, Godfrey C F Chan, A T Cheung, L L K Ho, O K Chung
BACKGROUND: Cancer-related fatigue is one of the most distressing symptoms reported by childhood cancer survivors. Despite the body of evidence that regular physical activity helps alleviate cancer-related fatigue, insufficient participation in physical activity is frequently observed among childhood cancer survivors. OBJECTIVES: This study examined the effectiveness of an adventure-based training programme in promoting physical activity, reducing fatigue, and enhancing self-efficacy and quality of life among Hong Kong Chinese childhood cancer survivors...
April 14, 2018: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29689036/-palliative-care-and-heart-failure-is-it-time-to-talk
#7
Massimo Romanò
Heart failure (HF) is one of the leading causes of hospitalization in high-income countries and has a profound negative impact on quality of life. In the United States there are more than 900,000 new cases per year and over one million hospital admissions with a primary diagnosis of HF. A prevalence of 6,500,000 cases (2.2% of the population of aged >20 years) was estimated for the US in 2014, in which there were 300,000 related deaths. Although survival has increased, thanks to the pharmacological and non pharmacological therapy, roughly 50% of HF patients die within 5 years of being diagnosed...
April 2018: Recenti Progressi in Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29688085/music-therapy-applied-to-complex-blast-injury-in-interdisciplinary-care-a-case-report
#8
Rebecca Vaudreuil, Luis Avila, Joke Bradt, Paul Pasquina
PURPOSE: Music therapy has a long history of treating the physiological, psychological, and neurological injuries of war. Recently, there has been an increase in the use of music therapy and other creative arts therapies in the care of combat injured service members returning to the United States from Iraq and Afghanistan, especially those with complex blast-related injuries. This case report describes the role of music therapy in the interdisciplinary rehabilitation of a severely injured service member...
April 24, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29687342/predictors-of-preoperative-program-non-completion-in-adolescents-referred-for-bariatric-surgery
#9
Cassie Brode, Megan Ratcliff, Jennifer Reiter-Purtill, Sanita Hunsaker, Michael Helmrath, Meg Zeller
BACKGROUND: Factors contributing to adolescents' non-completion of bariatric surgery, defined as self-withdrawal during the preoperative phase of care, independent of program or insurance denial, are largely unknown. Recent adolescent and adult bariatric surgery literature indicate that psychological factors and treatment withdrawal play a role; however, for adolescents, additional age-salient (family/caregiver) variables might also influence progression to surgery. OBJECTIVES: The present study examined demographic, psychological, and family/caregiver variables as predictors of whether adolescents completed surgery ("completers") or withdrew from treatment ("non-completers")...
April 23, 2018: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29687328/determinants-of-quality-of-life-and-psychological-status-in-adults-with-psoriasis
#10
Zhenli Kwan, Yii Bonn Bong, Leng Leng Tan, Shu Xian Lim, Adrian Sze Wai Yong, Chin Chwen Ch'ng, Maw Pin Tan, Rokiah Ismail
We investigated whether disease severity and clinical manifestations were associated with depression, anxiety, stress and quality of life in adults with psoriasis. Participants were recruited from a dermatology outpatient clinic at a teaching hospital. Information on sociodemographic characteristics, disease severity, presence of arthropathy and head involvement was specifically recorded. Disease severity was assessed using the Psoriasis Area and Severity Index (PASI). Quality of life and psychological symptoms were measured using the Dermatology Life Quality Index (DLQI) and the Depression Anxiety Stress Scale (DASS), respectively...
April 23, 2018: Archives of Dermatological Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29686443/quality-of-life-in-systemic-lupus-erythematosus-and-its-measurement
#11
REVIEW
Marzena Olesińska, Agata Saletra
Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is multi-system autoimmune rheumatic disorder with very broad clinical picture. Due to its generalized nature it influences all aspects of patient's life: physical, psychological and social well-being. With the development in diagnosis and treatment of SLE, median survival increased significantly over the past years. This article focused on the elements of quality of life, which are especially important for SLE patients, like body image, fatigue, family relations, disease impact on professional and social life...
2018: Reumatologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29685560/high-rates-of-psychiatric-disorders-and-below-normal-mental-capacity-associated-with-spastic-peroneal-flatfoot-a-new-relationship
#12
Önder İsmet Kılıçoğlu, Ahmet Salduz, Fevzi Birişik, Fuat Bilgili, Gökhan Polat, İlyas Kaya, Funda Süleyman, Murat Coşkun
Spastic peroneal flatfoot (SPFF) is a rare hindfoot pathology usually seen in the adolescent age group that is characterized by painful spasms in the peroneal muscles. We have clinically observed that patients with SPFF also have some behavioral and emotional difficulties and problems in their academic achievements. Because of these observations, we investigated the prevalence and patterns of psychiatric disorders and intellectual disability among young subjects with SPFF. Our cohort consisted of 16 patients with SPFF...
May 2018: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29685153/assessing-self-efficacy-in-type-2-diabetes-management-validation-of-the-italian-version-of-the-diabetes-management-self-efficacy-scale-it-dmses
#13
Rossella Messina, Paola Rucci, Jackie Sturt, Tatiana Mancini, Maria Pia Fantini
BACKGROUND: Being highly self-efficacious is a key factor in successful chronic disease self-management. In the context of measuring self-efficacy in type 2 diabetes management, the Diabetes Management Self-Efficacy Scale (DMSES) is the most widely used scale. The aim of this study was to adapt the English version of the scale to Italian and to evaluate the psychometric properties of the Italian version of DMSES in type 2 diabetes (IT-DMSES). METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional study of people with type 2 diabetes attending the Endocrine-Metabolic Disease Care Unit of the Internal Medicine Department of San Marino State Hospital between October 2016 and February 2017...
April 23, 2018: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29685123/the-pigeon-project-protocol-of-a-longitudinal-study-examining-psychosocial-and-ethical-issues-and-outcomes-in-germline-genomic-sequencing-for-cancer
#14
Megan Best, Ainsley J Newson, Bettina Meiser, Ilona Juraskova, David Goldstein, Kathy Tucker, Mandy L Ballinger, Dominique Hess, Timothy E Schlub, Barbara Biesecker, Richard Vines, Kate Vines, David Thomas, Mary-Anne Young, Jacqueline Savard, Chris Jacobs, Phyllis Butow
BACKGROUND: Advances in genomics offer promise for earlier detection or prevention of cancer, by personalisation of medical care tailored to an individual's genomic risk status. However genome sequencing can generate an unprecedented volume of results for the patient to process with potential implications for their families and reproductive choices. This paper describes a protocol for a study (PiGeOn) that aims to explore how patients and their blood relatives experience germline genomic sequencing, to help guide the appropriate future implementation of genome sequencing into routine clinical practice...
April 23, 2018: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29685002/study-on-physiological-and-psychological-comprehensive-nursing-of-elderly-tumor-patients-after-surgery
#15
L M Zhang, H Y Li, B Liu, M Y Li, X L Yao, Y H Chang
The aim of this study is to formulate nursing schemes for elderly tumor patients after surgery according to their clinical characteristics, and give effective guidance for alleviating the patients’ psychological anxiety. One hundred elderly tumor patients admitted to the oncology department of the Affiliated Cancer Hospital of Harbin Medical University were included and divided into an intervention group (50) and a control group (50). Nursing intervention was performed on the intervention group, and routine nursing was performed in the control group...
March 2018: Journal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684639/use-of-autologous-fat-graft-and-fractiononal-co-2-laser-to-optimize-the-aesthetic-and-functional-results-in-patients-with-severe-burn-outcomes-of-the-face
#16
Simone La Padula, Barbara Hersant, Jean Paul Meningaud, Francesco D'Andrea
BACKGROUND: Facial burn outcomes are often difficult to treat. Residual scars represent a problem for aesthetic and functional concerns as well as for patient's social and psychological life. Autologous fat graft can be used in the treatment of burn outcomes, providing a sensitive improvement in the quality of the burned areas. The aim of our report is the discussion of the value of lipofilling and fractional CO2 laser in optimizing aesthetic and functional results of burn sequelae. METHODS: We treated twenty four patients with post burns scars who underwent to autologous fat graft followed by CO2 fractional laser treatment...
April 20, 2018: Journal of Stomatology, Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684290/determinants-of-healthy-ageing-and-its-relation-to-10-year-cardiovascular-disease-incidence-the-attica-study
#17
Natasa Kollia, Demosthenes B Panagiotakos, Christina Chrysohoou, Ekavi Georgousopoulou, Dimitrios Tousoulis, Christodoulos Stefanadis, Charalabos Papageorgiou, Christos Pitsavos
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to understand determinants of ageing in relation to future cardiovascular disease (CVD) events at population level, and to explore determinants of healthy ageing and its relation to 10-year CVD incidence among apparently healthy individuals. METHODS: In the context of the ATTICA study 453 apparently healthy men (45±13 years) and 400 women (44±18 years) with complete psychological evaluation were studied and followed during 2002-2012...
March 2018: Central European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683062/-the-weight-is-even-worse-than-the-cancer-exploring-weight-preoccupation-in-women-treated-for-breast-cancer
#18
Eva Pila, Catherine M Sabiston, Valerie H Taylor, Kelly Arbour-Nicitopoulos
Cancer-related changes in body weight are problematic given that excess weight is associated with an increased risk of cancer reoccurrence and mortality. The purpose of this qualitative study was to explore the experiences of weight-concerned women treated for early-stage breast cancer. A purposeful sample of women were selected based on criteria for high weight and body image concerns ( n = 11; Mage = 65.31 ± 10.96 years). Each participant engaged in a one-on-one semi-structured interview. Five themes were identified: weight concerns contributed to psychological distress, prevalent history of weight cycling and ongoing quest to manage weight, shifting psychological impact of cancer versus weight, perceptions of failure around goal-oriented weight management behaviors, and internalized and explicit social pressures for weight loss in the context of risk reduction...
April 1, 2018: Qualitative Health Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682577/common-issues-seen-in-paediatric-diabetes-clinics-psychological-formulations-and-related-approaches-to-management
#19
REVIEW
Asma Deeb, Mariette Akle, Abdulla Al Ozairi, Fergus Cameron
Diabetes is a chronic disease and its management is associated with multiple challenges. This is particularly the case in children and adolescents. Factors that contribute to difficulties in managing diabetes in youth include psychological characteristics, family dynamics, and social behavior. The purpose of this article is to highlight some psychological issues in children and adolescents with diabetes. We aim to present selected case scenarios encountered by health professionals and to provide tips on strategies for managing psychological aspect of diabetes...
2018: Journal of Diabetes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29681874/alexithymia-in-gastroenterology-and-hepatology-a-systematic-review
#20
Danilo Carrozzino, Piero Porcelli
Background: Alexithymia is a multifaceted personality construct that represents a deficit in the cognitive processing of emotions and is currently understood to be related to a variety of medical and psychiatric conditions. The present review aims to investigate the relationship of alexithymia with gastrointestinal (GI) disorders as functional gastrointestinal disorders (FGID, as irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) and functional dyspepsia) and inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) [ulcerative colitis (UC) and Crohn's disease (CD)] and liver diseases as chronic hepatitis C (CHC), cirrhosis, and liver transplantation...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
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