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Clinical Psychology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28823008/neuropathic-pain-s-biopsychosocial-effects
#1
Esra Dogru Huzmeli, Ismet Melek
The aim of our study is to understand neuropathic pain's social, psychological, and biological effects on the patients. All of the patients who were diagnosed with neuropathic pain (NP) by a neurologist were invited to participate in the study. The diagnoses were made based on the patients' history and symptoms and the results of their neurological examinations. Demographic characteristics (age and pain duration), diagnoses, and medical histories of the patients were recorded. Average daily pain intensity was measured using a 100-mm visual analogue scale (VAS)...
August 19, 2017: Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822798/meaning-in-life-as-a-mediator-between-physical-impairment-and-the-wish-to-hasten-death-in-patients-with-advanced-cancer
#2
Mariona Guerrero-Torrelles, Cristina Monforte-Royo, Joaquín Tomás-Sábado, Frederic Marimon, Josep Porta-Sales, Albert Balaguer
CONTEXT: Meaning in life (MiL) is a key factor for ensuring spiritual wellbeing and quality of life among patients with life-threatening illnesses. However, the role of MiL in relation to the wish to hasten death (WTHD) and its interaction with other physical and psychological factors in patients with advanced cancer has not yet been studied. OBJECTIVE: To analyse the relationship between the WTHD and MiL, and to propose a theoretical model of functional relationships between WTHD, performance status, depression and MiL...
August 16, 2017: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822460/-french-society-for-biological-psychiatry-and-neuropsychopharmacology-and-fondation-fondamental-task-force-formal-consensus-for-the-management-of-treatment-resistant-depression
#3
T Charpeaud, J-B Genty, S Destouches, A Yrondi, S Lancrenon, N Alaïli, F Bellivier, D Bennabi, T Bougerol, V Camus, T D'amato, O Doumy, F Haesebaert, J Holtzmann, C Lançon, M Lefebvre, F Moliere, I Nieto, R Richieri, L Schmitt, F Stephan, G Vaiva, M Walter, M Leboyer, W El-Hage, E Haffen, P-M Llorca, P Courtet, B Aouizerate
Major depression represents among the most frequent psychiatric disorders in the general population with an estimated lifetime prevalence of 16-17%. It is characterized by high levels of comorbidities with other psychiatric conditions or somatic diseases as well as a recurrent or chronic course in 50 to 80% of the cases leading to negative repercussions on the daily functioning, with an impaired quality of life, and to severe direct/indirect costs. Large cohort studies have supported that failure of a first-line antidepressant treatment is observed in more than 60% of patients...
September 2017: L'Encéphale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821939/analgesic-use-in-patients-with-knee-and-or-hip-osteoarthritis-referred-to-an-outpatient-center-a-cross-sectional-study-within-the-amsterdam-osteoarthritis-cohort
#4
Jesper Knoop, Joyce van Tunen, Martin van der Esch, Leo D Roorda, Joost Dekker, Marike van der Leeden, Willem F Lems
Although analgesics are widely recommended in current guidelines, underuse and inadequate prescription of analgesics seem to result in suboptimal treatment effects in patients with knee and/or hip osteoarthritis (OA). This study aimed (i) to describe the use of analgesics; and (ii) to determine factors that are related to analgesic use in patients with knee and/or hip OA referred to an outpatient center. A cross-sectional study with data from 656 patients with knee and/or hip OA referred to an outpatient center (Amsterdam Osteoarthritis (AMS-OA) cohort) was conducted...
August 18, 2017: Rheumatology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821553/epidemiology-of-discordance-between-symptoms-and-signs-of-dry-eye
#5
Erin S Ong, Elizabeth R Felix, Roy C Levitt, William J Feuer, Constantine D Sarantopoulos, Anat Galor
BACKGROUND/AIMS: The frequent lack of association between dry eye (DE) symptoms and signs leads to challenges in diagnosing and assessing the disease. METHODS: Participants underwent ocular surface examinations to evaluate signs of disease and completed questionnaires to assess ocular symptoms, psychological status and medication use. To assess nociceptive system integrity, quantitative sensory testing (QST), including vibratory and thermal threshold measures and temporal summation of pain were obtained at the forearm and forehead...
August 18, 2017: British Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821509/does-tai-chi-improve-psychological-well-being-and-quality-of-life-in-patients-with-cardiovascular-disease-and-or-cardiovascular-risk-factors-a-systematic-review-protocol
#6
Guoyan Yang, Wenyuan Li, Huijuan Cao, Nerida Klupp, Jianping Liu, Alan Bensoussan, Hosen Kiat, Dennis Chang
INTRODUCTION: Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. Psychological risk factors such as stress, anxiety and depression are known to play a significant and independent role in the development and progression of CVD and its risk factors. Tai Chi has been reported to be potentially effective for health and well-being. It is of value to assess the effectiveness and safety of Tai Chi on psychological well-being and quality of life in people with CVD and/or cardiovascular risk factors...
August 18, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821468/design-and-development-of-a-stepped-care-behavioral-intervention-to-support-parents-of-young-children-newly-diagnosed-with-type-1-diabetes
#7
Marisa E Hilliard, Carrie Tully, Maureen Monaghan, Jichuan Wang, Randi Streisand
One of the most common chronic conditions of childhood, the prevalence of type 1 diabetes (T1D) in young children is increasing. Early childhood development complicates optimal T1D management and glycemic outcomes. Parents are at risk for elevated psychological distress, especially immediately following diagnosis. Few empirically supported interventions are available to support parents and promote optimal T1D management during this vulnerable period. This paper reports on the development and study design of First STEPS: Study of Type 1 in Early childhood and Parenting Support...
August 15, 2017: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821302/participation-of-adults-with-disorders-differences-of-sex-development-dsd-in-the-clinical-study-dsd-life-design-methodology-recruitment-data-quality-and-study-population
#8
Robert Röhle, Katharina Gehrmann, Maria Szarras-Czapnik, Hedi Claahsen-van der Grinten, Catherine Pienkowski, Claire Bouvattier, Peggy Cohen-Kettenis, Anna Nordenström, Ute Thyen, Birgit Köhler
BACKGROUND: dsd-LIFE is a comprehensive cross-sectional clinical outcome study of individuals with disorders/differences of sex development (DSD). This study focuses on various rare genetic conditions characterized by impaired gonadal or adrenal functionality. METHODS/DESIGN: The study aims to assess quality of life (QoL) as a measure of psychosocial adaptation, psychosexual and mental health aspects as major outcomes. Health status and functioning, medical and surgical therapies, participants' views on health care, psychological and social support, sociodemographic factors and their interrelations will be investigated as factors associated with the outcomes...
August 18, 2017: BMC Endocrine Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820772/the-individual-experience-of-aging-patients-and-the-current-service-provision-in-the-context-of-italian-forensic-psychiatry-a-case-study
#9
Claudio Di Lorito, Luca Castelletti, Giuseppa Tripi, Maria Gloria Gandellini, Tom Dening, Birgit Völlm
INTRODUCTION: After the recent development of residential units for the execution of security measures managed by the National Health Service and the closing down of forensic psychiatric hospitals, no study has been conducted to investigate the individual experience of aging patients and to assess whether the new service is adequately meeting their needs. We aimed to explore the experience of the service of a sample of patients aged 50 years and above living in one of the Italian residential units for the execution of security measures...
July 2017: Journal of Forensic Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820516/caregiver-reported-health-outcomes-effects-of-providing-reflexology-for-symptom-management-to-women-with-advanced-breast-cancer
#10
Dawn Frambes, Alla Sikorskii, Irena Tesnjak, Gwen Wyatt, Rebecca Lehto, Barbara Given
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVES: To determine the effects of delivering a reflexology intervention on health outcomes of informal caregivers, and to explore whether intervention effects are moderated by caregiver characteristics. 
. DESIGN: Two-group, randomized clinical trial.
. SETTING: Eight oncology clinics in urban and rural regions of Michigan and Illinois.
. SAMPLE: 180 informal caregivers of patients with advanced breast cancer...
September 1, 2017: Oncology Nursing Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820507/hematopoietic-stem-cell-transplantation-recipient-and-caregiver-factors-affecting-length-of-stay-and-readmission
#11
Thiruppavai Sundaramurthi, Leslie Wehrlen, Erika Friedman, Sue Thomas, Margaret Bevans
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the contributions of patient and caregiver factors to length of stay (LOS) and 30-day readmission status for recipients of allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT).
. DESIGN: Secondary data analysis from a phase 2 clinical trial.
. SETTING: National Institutes of Health Clinical Center in Bethesda, Maryland.
. SAMPLE: 68 dyads (N = 136) comprised of patients receiving HSCT and their caregivers...
September 1, 2017: Oncology Nursing Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820273/psychological-distress-health-and-treatment-related-factors-among-individuals-initiating-art-in-oromia-ethiopia
#12
Angela M Parcesepe, Olga Tymejczyk, Robert Remien, Tsigereda Gadisa, Sarah Gorrell Kulkarni, Susie Hoffman, Zenebe Melaku, Batya Elul, Denis Nash
HIV diagnosis may be a source of psychological distress. Late initiation of antiretroviral therapy (ART) and treatment-related beliefs may intensify psychological distress among those recently diagnosed. This analysis describes the prevalence of psychological distress among people living with HIV (PLWH) and examines the association of recent HIV diagnosis, late ART initiation and treatment-related beliefs with psychological distress. The sample includes 1175 PLWH aged 18 or older initiating ART at six HIV clinics in Ethiopia...
August 18, 2017: AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819790/contemplative-meditation-and-neuroscience-prospects-for-mental-health
#13
Denis Larrivee, Luis Echarte
Numerous studies show that personal spirituality developed through prayer positively influences mental health. Phenomenological and neuroscientific studies of mindfulness, an Eastern meditative prayer form, reveal significant health benefits now yielding important insights useful for guiding treatment of psychological disorders. By contrast, and despite its practice for millennia, Christian meditation is largely unrepresented in studies of clinical efficacy. Resemblances between mindfulness and disciplinary acts in Christian meditation taken from the ancient Greek practice of askesis suggest that Christian meditation will prove similarly beneficial; furthermore, psychological and neuroscientific studies suggest that its retention of a dialogical and transcendent praxis will additionally benefit social and existential psychotherapy...
August 17, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818676/the-importance-of-parental-verbal-and-embodied-mentalizing-in-shaping-parental-experiences-of-stress-and-coparenting
#14
Dana Shai, Daphna Dollberg, Ohad Szepsenwol
Parental mentalizing-recognizing that children are separate psychological entities, who have their own thoughts, wishes, and intentions that motivate their behaviors-is traditionally considered a verbal, linguistic capacity. This paper aimed to examine the relation between parental verbal mentalizing (parental reflective function; PRF) and its nonverbal form-parental embodied mentalizing (PEM)-and how both constructs contribute to parents' subjective experience of parenting, namely parental stress and coparental alliance...
August 14, 2017: Infant Behavior & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818315/screening-for-familial-cancer-risk-focus-on-breast-cancer
#15
REVIEW
Christine Rousset-Jablonski, Anne Gompel
A breast or an ovarian cancer occurring at a young age and/or in a family where other cases preexist suggests that those patients should be candidates for screening for mutations. Despite decades of medical research, less than 30% of cases with a suggestive personal and/or family history of hereditary breast cancer have an identified causative gene mutation. The vast majority of these cases are due to a mutation in one of the highly penetrant breast cancer genes (BRCA1, BRCA2, PTEN, TP53, CDH1, and STK11) and various guidelines direct the management of these patients...
August 7, 2017: Maturitas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817725/development-of-a-psychological-intervention-for-fatigue-after-stroke
#16
Simiao Wu, Trudie Chalder, Kirstin E Anderson, David Gillespie, Malcolm R Macleod, Gillian E Mead
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Post-stroke fatigue (PSF) is common and distressing, but there is insufficient evidence to recommend any effective treatment for it. Psychological interventions are effective in treating fatigue in other conditions. This paper describes the development and evaluation of the feasibility of a psychological intervention for PSF. METHODS: Based on psychological correlates of PSF and evidence-based psychological interventions for fatigue in other medical conditions, we developed a manualised psychological intervention for PSF, with input from stroke clinicians, psychological therapists, and stroke survivors...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817460/high-demand-for-psychotherapy-in-patients-with-inflammatory-bowel-disease
#17
Thomas Klag, Nazar Mazurak, Laura Fantasia, Juliane Schwille-Kiuntke, Andreas Kirschniak, Claudius Falch, Martin Goetz, Nisar P Malek, Paul Enck, Jan Wehkamp
BACKGROUND: The relative contribution of psychological factors to the onset and course of inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD) is a matter of constant debate since its beginning, as is the clinical need and the efficacy of psychotherapeutic interventions. However, the perspective of patients with IBD has largely been ignored in this debate. METHODS: Psychometric tests including the Short-Form IBD Questionnaire (SIBDQ), the ADAP test measuring demand for psychotherapy, and the Fear-of-Progression Questionnaire Short Form as well as disease-related questions were positioned on the internet between December 2014 and January 2016...
August 16, 2017: Inflammatory Bowel Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817418/neuromodulation-and-neurofeedback-treatments-in-eating-disorders-and-obesity
#18
Bethan Dalton, Iain C Campbell, Ulrike Schmidt
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Psychological interventions are the treatment of choice for most eating disorders; however, significant proportions of patients do not recover with these. Advances in understanding of the neurobiology of eating disorders have led to the development of targeted treatments, such as deep brain stimulation (DBS), noninvasive brain stimulation (NIBS), and neurofeedback. We review the emerging clinical evidence for the use of these interventions in eating disorders and obesity, together with their theoretical rationale...
August 16, 2017: Current Opinion in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816563/highlighting-the-differences-in-post-traumatic-symptoms-between-patients-with-complicated-and-uncomplicated-mild-traumatic-brain-injury-and-injured-controls
#19
J Julien, S Tinawi, K Anderson, L C Frenette, H Audrit, M C Ferland, M Feyz, E De Guise
OBJECTIVE: The goal of the current study is to explore the difference in acute post-concussive symptoms (PCS), headaches, sleep and mood complaints between groups of patients with complicated and uncomplicated mild traumatic brain injuries (mTBIs) and a comparable group of injured controls. Interactions among the following four factors were studied: presence of (1) PCS; (2) headaches; (3) sleep disorders; and (4) psychological status. METHODS: A total of 198 patients, followed at the outpatient mTBI clinic of the MUHC-MGH, completed questionnaires and a brief neurological assessment two weeks post-trauma...
August 17, 2017: Brain Injury: [BI]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816485/risks-resources-and-depressive-symptomatology-among-marshallese-adolescents
#20
Kevin M Fitzpatrick, Don Willis
This study examined risks and resources to assess depressive symptom variation among a sample of Marshallese adolescents attending a Northwest Arkansas high school. A self-administered questionnaire was completed by 10th-12th-grade students (N = 1,493). With a general response rate in excess of 78%, the subsample (n = 208) represented 75% of all Marshallese students attending the high school and approximately 9% of the total K-12 Marshallese population. Average depressive symptom (CES-D) scores for Marshallese adolescents were 17...
August 17, 2017: American Journal of Orthopsychiatry
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