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Macrobiotic diets

Brenda Leung, Romy Lauche, Matthew Leach, Yan Zhang, Holger Cramer, David Sibbritt
BACKGROUND: Special diets are frequently used by the public but reasons for use and characteristics of users remain unclear. AIM: To determine prevalence of the use of special diets, the individual characteristics associated with their use and reasons for use. METHODS: The secondary analysis used data from the 2012 National Health Interview Survey (NHIS), a cross-sectional household interview survey of a nationally representative sample of non-hospitalized US adult populations ( n = 34,525)...
March 2018: Nutrition and Health
Sara Quercia, Silvia Turroni, Jessica Fiori, Matteo Soverini, Simone Rampelli, Elena Biagi, Andrea Castagnetti, Clarissa Consolandi, Marco Severgnini, Mario Pianesi, Francesco Fallucca, Paolo Pozzilli, Patrizia Brigidi, Marco Candela
BACKGROUND: Reactive hypoglycemia is a metabolic disorder that provokes severe hypoglycemic episodes after meals. Over recent years, the gut microbiota has been recognized as potential target for the control of metabolic diseases, and the possibility to correct gut microbiota dysbioses through diet, favouring the recovery of metabolic homeostasis, has been considered. METHODS: We investigate the impact of 2 short-term (3-day) nutritional interventions, based on the macrobiotic Ma-Pi 2 diet and a control Mediterranean diet, on the structure and functionality of the gut microbiota in 12 patients affected by reactive hypoglycemia...
November 2017: Diabetes/metabolism Research and Reviews
Andreea Soare, Yeganeh Manon Khazrai, Lucia Fontana, Rossella Del Toro, Maria Concetta Lazzaro, Claudia Di Rosa, Antonia Buldo, Elvira Fioriti, Ernesto Maddaloni, Silvia Angeletti, Antonio Di Mauro, Rosaria Gesuita, Edlira Skrami, Dario Tuccinardi, Sara Fallucca, Mario Pianesi, Paolo Pozzilli
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Nutritional therapy is recommended for management of reactive hypoglycemia (RH), a condition characterized by hypoglycemia that occurs within four hours after a meal. The macrobiotic Ma-Pi 2 diet improves glycemic control in subjects with type 2 diabetes. We explored the effect of this diet on outcomes in non-diabetic individuals with RH. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twelve subjects with RH were randomized to the Ma-Pi 2 diet for three days and a control diet for three days in a randomized crossover design...
April 2017: Metabolism: Clinical and Experimental
Patrizia Pasanisi, Giuliana Gargano, Maria Gaetana Di Mauro, Mauro Cortellini, Alice Casagrande, Anna Villarini, Eleonora Bruno, Eliana Roveda, Gabriella Saibene, Elisabetta Venturelli, Franco Berrino
PURPOSE: Age-related non-communicable chronic diseases (ArCDs) are the leading cause of mortality. The major metabolic risk factor for their development is the metabolic syndrome (MetS), defined as a clustering of risk factors of metabolic origin such as abdominal obesity, high blood pressure, dyslipidemia and high fasting glycemia. There is increasing observational and experimental evidence that improving diet and the use of metformin (a calorie-restriction mimetic drug) may modify the risk of developing MetS and ArCD...
January 20, 2017: Tumori
Rocky Strollo, Andreea Soare, Yeganeh Manon Khazrai, Antonio Di Mauro, Andrea Palermo, Rossella Del Toro, Sara Fallucca, Maria Giovanna Belluomo, Laura Dugo, Mario Pianesi, Paolo Pozzilli, Nicola Napoli
BACKGROUND: Sclerostin has been directly related to bone turnover increase in dietary-induced weight loss in non-diabetics. This has not been studied in type 2 diabetes, a condition characterized by increased circulating sclerostin and impaired bone turnover. PURPOSE: To study the effect of dietary weight loss and quality of the dietary intervention on changes of sclerostin and bone turnover markers in type 2 diabetes. METHODS: This was a post-hoc analysis of the MADIAB trial, a 21-day randomized controlled trial on overweight/obese type 2 diabetes patients...
June 2017: Endocrine
A Soare, R Del Toro, Y M Khazrai, A Di Mauro, S Fallucca, S Angeletti, E Skrami, R Gesuita, D Tuccinardi, S Manfrini, F Fallucca, M Pianesi, P Pozzilli
BACKGROUND: In the MADIAB trial (a 21-day randomized, controlled trial in patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D)), intervention with the Ma-Pi 2 macrobiotic diet resulted in significantly greater improvements in metabolic control compared with a standard recommended diet for patients with T2D. We report on a 6-month follow-up study, which investigated, whether these benefits extended beyond the 21-day intensive dietary intervention, in real-world conditions. SUBJECTS: At the end of the MADIAB trial (baseline of this follow-up study), all participants continued their assigned diet (Ma-Pi or control) for 6 months...
August 15, 2016: Nutrition & Diabetes
Marco Candela, Elena Biagi, Matteo Soverini, Clarissa Consolandi, Sara Quercia, Marco Severgnini, Clelia Peano, Silvia Turroni, Simone Rampelli, Paolo Pozzilli, Mario Pianesi, Francesco Fallucca, Patrizia Brigidi
The gut microbiota exerts a role in type 2 diabetes (T2D), and deviations from a mutualistic ecosystem layout are considered a key environmental factor contributing to the disease. Thus, the possibility of improving metabolic control in T2D by correcting gut microbiome dysbioses through diet has been evaluated. Here, we explore the potential of two different energy-restricted dietary approaches - the fibre-rich macrobiotic Ma-Pi 2 diet or a control diet recommended by Italian professional societies for T2D treatment - to correct gut microbiota dysbioses in T2D patients...
July 2016: British Journal of Nutrition
Riccardo Caccialanza, Paolo Pedrazzoli, Emanuele Cereda, Cecilia Gavazzi, Carmine Pinto, Agostino Paccagnella, Giordano Domenico Beretta, Mariateresa Nardi, Alessandro Laviano, Vittorina Zagonel
Malnutrition is a frequent problem in cancer patients, which leads to prolonged hospitalization, a higher degree of treatment-related toxicity, reduced response to cancer treatment, impaired quality of life and a worse overall prognosis. The attitude towards this issue varies considerably and many malnourished patients receive inadequate nutritional support. We reviewed available data present in the literature, together with the guidelines issued by scientific societies and health authorities, on the nutritional management of patients with cancer, in order to make suitable and concise practical recommendations for appropriate nutritional support in this patient population...
2016: Journal of Cancer
Brook E Harmon, Mollie Carter, Thomas G Hurley, Nitin Shivappa, Jane Teas, James R Hébert
Despite nutrient adequacy concerns, macrobiotic diets are practiced by many individuals with cancer and other life-threatening illnesses. This study compared the nutrient composition and inflammatory potential of a macrobiotic diet plan with national dietary recommendations and intakes from a nationally representative sample. Nutrient comparisons were made using the 1) macrobiotic diet plan outlined in the Kushi Institute's Way to Health; 2) recommended dietary allowances (RDA); and 3) National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 2009-2010 data...
2015: Nutrition and Cancer
Francesco Fallucca, Lucia Fontana, Sara Fallucca, Mario Pianesi
In the past 10 years the prevalence of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) has increased hugely worldwide, driven by a rise in the numbers of overweight and obese individuals. A number of diets have been shown to be effective for the management of T2DM: the Mediterranean diet, the vegetarian diet and the low-calorie diet. Results of studies clearly indicate, however, that the efficacy of these diets is not solely related to the biochemical structure of the individual nutrients they contain. This review discusses this point with reference to the potential role of the intestinal microbiota in diabetes...
April 15, 2015: World Journal of Diabetes
Andreea Soare, Rossella Del Toro, Elena Roncella, Yeganeh Manon Khazrai, Silvia Angeletti, Laura Dugo, Sara Fallucca, Lucia Fontana, Maria Altomare, Valeria Formisano, Francesca Capata, Rosaria Gesuita, Silvia Manfrini, Francesco Fallucca, Mario Pianesi, Paolo Pozzilli
INTRODUCTION: Current guidelines for the management of type 2 diabetes (T2D) emphasize diet as essential therapy. However, the effect of diet on systemic inflammation remains unclear. We investigated the effects of consuming a macrobiotic Ma-Pi 2 diet versus a standard recommended diet (control diet) on markers of inflammation in patients with T2D. METHODS: This was a post hoc analysis of the MADIAB trial, a 21-day randomized controlled trial conducted in 51 patients (25 males and 26 females) with T2D...
2015: BMJ Open Diabetes Research & Care
Andreea Soare, Yeganeh M Khazrai, Rossella Del Toro, Elena Roncella, Lucia Fontana, Sara Fallucca, Silvia Angeletti, Valeria Formisano, Francesca Capata, Vladimir Ruiz, Carmen Porrata, Edlira Skrami, Rosaria Gesuita, Silvia Manfrini, Francesco Fallucca, Mario Pianesi, Paolo Pozzilli
BACKGROUND: Diet is an important component of type 2 diabetes therapy. Low adherence to current therapeutic diets points out to the need for alternative dietary approaches. This study evaluated the effect of a different dietary approach, the macrobiotic Ma-Pi 2 diet, and compared it with standard diets recommended for patients with type 2 diabetes. METHODS: A randomized, controlled, open-label, 21-day trial was undertaken in patients with type 2 diabetes comparing the Ma-Pi 2 diet with standard (control) diet recommended by professional societies for treatment of type 2 diabetes...
2014: Nutrition & Metabolism
C Porrata-Maury, M Hernández-Triana, V Ruiz-Álvarez, M E Díaz-Sánchez, F Fallucca, W Bin, B Baba-Abubakari, M Pianesi
The macrobiotic, Ma-Pi 2 diet (12% protein, 18% fat and 70% carbohydrate), has shown benefit in adults with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). This pooled analysis aims to confirm results from four, 21-day intervention studies with the Ma-Pi 2 diet, carried out in Cuba, China, Ghana and Italy. Baseline and end of study biochemical, body composition and blood pressure data, were compared using multivariate statistical methods and assessment of the Cohen effect size (d). Results showed that all measured indicators demonstrated significant changes (p < 0...
March 2014: Diabetes/metabolism Research and Reviews
Francesco Fallucca, Carmen Porrata, Sara Fallucca, Mario Pianesi
Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is a complex disorder influenced by both genetic and environmental factors. Recent studies have suggested that an imbalance of the intestinal microbiota may be involved in the development of several human diseases, including obesity and T2DM. The main regulators of the intestinal microbiota are age, ethnicity, the immune system and diet. A high-fat diet may induce dysbiosis, which can result in a low-grade inflammatory state, obesity and other metabolic disorders. Adding prebiotics to the diet may reduce inflammation, endotoxaemia and cytokine levels as well as improving insulin resistance and glucose tolerance...
March 2014: Diabetes/metabolism Research and Reviews
Jutta Huebner, Sabine Marienfeld, Clare Abbenhardt, Cornelia Ulrich, Karsten Muenstedt, Oliver Micke, Ralph Muecke, Christian Loeser
BACKGROUND: Many cancer patients use cancer diets. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We listed 13 cancer diets simulating an internet search for which we systematically reviewed clinical data. In the next step we derived recommendations on counseling patients using a Delphi process. RESULTS: We evaluated the following diets: raw vegetables and fruits, alkaline diet, macrobiotics, Gerson's regime, Budwig's and low carbohydrate or ketogenic diet. We did not find clinical evidence supporting any of the diets...
January 2014: Anticancer Research
J Hübner, S Marienfeld, C Abbenhardt, C M Ulrich, C Löser
BACKGROUND: Diets against cancer are attractive for patients who try to influence disease progression. METHODS: In order to determine the most influential cancer diets in Germany, we analyzed the chatroom for cancer patients "Krebs-Kompass", the search machines Google and Bing and our own counseling experience as experts. We conducted a systematic literature review of clinical data in Medline also considering preclinical data on safety. RESULTS: The most often mentioned "cancer diets" are Budwig diet, Gerson's regimen, lowcarb diet, cancer cure of Breuß and macrobiotic diet...
November 2012: Deutsche Medizinische Wochenschrift
Carmen Porrata-Maury, Manuel Hernández-Triana, Eduardo Rodríguez-Sotero, Raúl Vilá-Dacosta-Calheiros, Héctor Hernández-Hernández, Mayelín Mirabal-Sosa, Concepción Campa-Huergo, Mario Pianesi
Background. In Cuba, the Ma-Pi 2 macrobiotic diet has shown positive results in 6-month assays with type 2 diabetic patients. The objective of this study was to assess the influence of this diet at short and medium terms. Methods. Sixty-five type 2 diabetic volunteers were included for dietary intervention, institutionally based for 21 days and followed later at home, until completing 3 months. 54 of them stayed until assay end. Before intervention, and after both assay periods, they were submitted to anthropometric records, body composition analyses and measurements of serum biochemical indicators, glycemic profile in capillary blood, blood pressure, and medication consumption; food intake was evaluated by the 3-day dietary recall...
2012: Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism
Anna Villarini, Patrizia Pasanisi, Adele Traina, Maria Piera Mano, Bernardo Bonanni, Salvatore Panico, Corrado Scipioni, Rocco Galasso, Adriana Paduos, Milena Simeoni, Elena Bellotti, Maggiorino Barbero, Giorgio Macellari, Elisabetta Venturelli, Milena Raimondi, Eleonora Bruno, Giuliana Gargano, Giuseppe Fornaciari, Daniele Morelli, Ettore Seregni, Vittorio Krogh, Franco Berrino
AIMS AND BACKGROUND: The DIANA (Diet and Androgens)-5 study is a multi-institutional randomized controlled trial of the effectiveness of a diet based on Mediterranean and macrobiotic recipes and principles, associated with moderate physical activity, in reducing additional breast cancer events in women with early stage invasive breast cancer at high risk of recurrence because of metabolic or endocrine milieu. The intervention is expected to reduce serum insulin and sex hormones, which were associated with breast prognosis in previous studies...
January 2012: Tumori
Carmen Porrata, Julio Sánchez, Violeta Correa, Alfredo Abuín, Manuel Hernández-Triana, Raúl Vilá Dacosta-Calheiros, María Elena Díaz, Mayelín Mirabal, Eduardo Cabrera, Concepción Campa, Mario Pianesi
Introduction Diet is a cornerstone of comprehensive treatment of diabetes mellitus. The macrobiotic diet is low in fat and rich in dietary fiber, vegetables and whole grains, and therefore may be a good therapeutic option. Objective Assess the influence of the Ma-Pi 2 macrobiotic diet on physical, hematologic and biochemical variables, as well as on hypoglycemic medication, in adults with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Materials and Methods A 6-month dietary intervention was carried out in 16 adults with type 2 diabetes mellitus and poor glucide metabolism control (glycosylated hemoglobin, HbA1 >8...
October 2009: MEDICC Review
I W Gallen, C Hume, A Lumb
People with type 1 diabetes (T1DM) want to enjoy the benefits of sport and exercise, but management of diabetes in this context is complex. An understanding of the physiology of exercise in health, and particularly the control of fuel mobilization and metabolism, gives an idea of problems which may arise in managing diabetes for sport and exercise. Athletes with diabetes need to be advised on appropriate diet to maximize performance and reduce fatigue. Exercise in diabetes is complicated both by hypoglycaemia and hyperglycaemia in particular circumstances and explanations are advanced which can provide a theoretical underpinning for possible management strategies...
February 2011: Diabetes, Obesity & Metabolism
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