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Alginic acid

I P Shanura Fernando, Thilina U Jayawardena, K K Asanka Sanjeewa, Lei Wang, You-Jin Jeon, Won Woo Lee
The airborne particulate pollutants originating in the deserts of Mongolia and China which becomes contaminated with industrial effluents and traffic emissions while moving with the wind currents towards East Asia has recently become a serious environmental and health issue in the region. They cause asthma, collateral lung tissue damage, oxidative stress, allergic reactions, and inflammation. The current study was undertaken to evaluate the protective effects of alginate extracted from the invasive alga Sargassum horneri (SHA) against fine dust collected from Beijing, China (Chinese fine dust; CFD)...
May 18, 2018: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
Guy Ochbaum, Maya Davidovich-Pinhas, Ronit Bitton
Alginate, a polysaccharide that gels in the presence of divalent ions, has been used in the field of regenerative medicine to facilitate cell growth in impaired tissues by providing an artificial bio-surrounding similar to the natural extra cellular matrix (ECM). Here, we present a systematic investigation of the effect of three arginine-glycine-aspartic acid (RGD)-containing peptides, G6KRGDY, A6KRGDY and V6KRGDY, on the physical properties of alginate-peptide hydrogels. Rheology measurements showed that the storage modulus of the alginate-A6KRGDY and alginate-V6KRGDY gels is an order of magnitude higher than that of the alginate-G6KRGDY gel...
May 21, 2018: Soft Matter
Lei Zheng, William E Price, Long D Nghiem
In this study, forward osmosis (FO) membranes and fouling solutions were systematically characterized to elucidate the effects of organic fouling on the rejection of two pharmaceutically active compounds, namely, sulfamethoxazole and carbamazepine. Municipal wastewater resulted in a more severe flux decline compared to humic acid and sodium alginate fouling solutions. This result is consistent with the molecular weight distribution of these foulant solutions. Liquid chromatography with organic carbon detection analysis shows that municipal wastewater consists of mostly low molecular weight acids and neutrals, which produce a more compact cake layer on the membrane surface...
May 16, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
A Voltes, A Bermúdez, G Rodríguez-Gutiérrez, M L Reyes, C Olano, J Fernández-Bolaños, F de la Portilla
PURPOSE: Evaluate the efficacy of hydroxytyrosol in the local treatment of inflammatory colitis. Currently, the existing treatments for inflammatory bowel diseases does not cure the disease and it is associated with high rates of side effects and complications. Hydroxytyrosol is a phenyl-ethyl-alcohol derived from the hydrolysis of oleuropein and present in olive oil, previous studies have demonstrated the anti-inflammatory effect of dietary hydroxytyrosol supplement, with no toxicity...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Investigative Surgery: the Official Journal of the Academy of Surgical Research
Zhengjie Lin, Jun Wu, Wei Qiao, Ying Zhao, Karen H M Wong, Paul K Chu, Liming Bian, Shuilin Wu, Yufeng Zheng, Kenneth M C Cheung, Frankie Leung, Kelvin W K Yeung
A range of magnesium ions (Mg2+ ) used has demonstrated osteogenic tendency in vitro. Hence, we propose to actualize this concept by designing a new system to precisely control the Mg2+ delivery at a particular concentration in vivo in order to effectively stimulate in-situ bone regeneration. To achieve this objective, a monodisperse core-shell microsphere delivery system comprising of poly (lactic-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA) biopolymer, alginate hydrogel, and magnesium oxide nano-particles has been designed by using customized microfluidic capillary device...
May 8, 2018: Biomaterials
Saima Afzal, Masrat Maswal, Aijaz Ahmad Dar
The pure and composite hydrogels of chitosan with sodium alginate were synthesized at various pH values and characterized by rheology and IR-spectroscopy. Chitosan shows gelation at neutral and basic pH while sodium alginate remains in solution form at all pH values. By careful adjustment of mixing weight fraction ratio and pH, an array of hydrogels with modulated structural dynamics and viscoelasticity, mechanical strength and encapsulation capacity were obtained. At acidic pH, a higher weight fraction of alginate increased the elasticity of the hydrogels while at basic pH more percentage of chitosan stabilized the hydrogel...
May 2, 2018: Colloids and Surfaces. B, Biointerfaces
Fang Wang, Jian Yuan, Qian Zhang, Siqian Yang, Shaohua Jiang, Chaobo Huang
Poly (lactic-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA) nanoparticles are an ideal paclitaxel (PTX)-carrying system due to its biocompatibility and biodegradability. But it possessed disadvantage of drug burst release. In this research, a layer-by-layer deposition of chitosan (CS) and sodium alginate (ALG) was applied to modify the PLGA nanoparticles. The surface charges and morphology of the PLGA, PLGA/CS and PLGA/CS/ALG particles was measured by capillary electrophoresis and SEM and TEM, respectively. The drug encapsulation and loading efficiency were confirmed by ultraviolet spectrophotometer...
May 11, 2018: Journal of Biomaterials Science. Polymer Edition
Jiahui Wang, Tianzhen Li, Fan Chen, Dan Zhou, Baijia Li, Xiaohu Zhou, Tiansheng Gan, Stephan Handschuh-Wang, Xuechang Zhou
The mechanical properties (e.g., stiffness, stretchability) of prefabricated hydrogels are of pivotal importance for diverse applications in tissue engineering, soft robotics, and medicine. This study reports a feasible method to fabricate ultrasoft and highly stretchable structures from stiff and tough hydrogels of low stretchability and the application of these switchable hydrogels in programmable shape-morphing systems. Stiff and tough hydrogel structures are first fabricated by the mechanical strengthening of Ca2+ -alginate/polyacrylamide tough hydrogels by addition of Fe3+ ions, which introduces Fe3+ ionically cross-linked centers into the Ca2+ divalent cross-linked hydrogel, forming an additional and much less flexible trivalent ionically cross-linked network...
May 11, 2018: Macromolecular Rapid Communications
Mónica C García, Rubén H Manzo, Alvaro Jimenez-Kairuz
Polysaccharides-based delivery systems and interpolyelectrolyte complexes (IPECs) are interesting alternatives to control the release of drugs, thereby improving therapies. Benznidazole (BZ) is the selected drug for Chagas disease pharmacotherapy. However, its side effects limit its efficacy and safety. We developed novel multiparticulated BZ-loaded IPECs based on chitosan and alginic acid, and investigated their physicochemical and pharmacotechnical properties. IPECs were obtained using the casting solvent method, followed by wet granulation...
May 7, 2018: International Journal of Pharmaceutics
Natthaya Mangkorn, Pattanop Kanokratana, Niran Roongsawang, Navadol Laosiripojana, Verawat Champreda
Alcohol oxidase (AOX) functions in oxidation of primary alcohols into the corresponding aldehydes with potential on catalyzing synthesis reactions in chemical industry. In this study, AOX from a thermotolerant methylotrophic yeast, Ogataea thermomethanolica (OthAOX) was purified to high homogeneity using a single step chromatographic separation on a DEAE-Sepharose column. The purified OthAOX had a specific activity of 15.34 U/mg with 77.5% recovery yield. The enzyme worked optimally at 50 °C in an alkaline range (pH 9...
May 5, 2018: Protein Expression and Purification
Isabel Oliveira, Ana L Carvalho, Hajer Radhouani, Cristiana Gonçalves, J Miguel Oliveira, Rui L Reis
The osteochondral defect (OD) comprises the articular cartilage and its subchondral bone. The treatment of these lesions remains as one of the most problematic clinical issues, since these defects include different tissues, requiring distinct healing approaches. Among the growing applications of regenerative medicine, clinical articular cartilage repair has been used for two decades, and it is an effective example of translational medicine; one of the most used cell-based repair strategies includes implantation of autologous cells in degradable scaffolds such as alginate, agarose, collagen, chitosan, chondroitin sulfate, cellulose, silk fibroin, hyaluronic acid, and gelatin, among others...
2018: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
Nicole Zoratto, Pietro Matricardi
Semi-interpenetrating polymer networks (semi-IPNs) and interpenetrating polymeric networks (IPNs) have emerged as innovative materials for biomedical and pharmaceutical applications. The interest in these structures is due to the possibility of combining the favorable properties of each polymeric component of the IPNs or semi-IPNs leading to a new system with properties that often differ from those of the two single components. In this respect, polysaccharides represent an opportunity in this field, combining a general biocompatibility and a good availability...
2018: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
Azadeh Motealleh, Siamak Eqtesadi, Antonia Pajares, Pedro Miranda
The effect of different polymeric coatings, including natural and synthetic compositions, on the mechanical performance of 45S5 bioglass robocast scaffolds is systematically analyzed in this work. Fully amorphous 45S5 bioglass robocast scaffolds sintered at 550 °C were impregnated with natural (gelatin, alginate, and chitosan) and synthetic (polycaprolactone, PCL and poly-lactic acid, PLA) polymers through a dip-coating process. Mechanical enhancement provided by these coatings in terms of both compressive strength and strain energy density was evaluated...
April 25, 2018: Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials
Pablo Lodeiro, Eric P Achterberg, Carlos Rey-Castro, Mohammad S El-Shahawi
The aggregation behaviour of polymer-coated silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) was characterized in NaCl solutions, and in two seawaters of different salinities and dissolved organic matter (DOM) contents. Representative organic coatings i.e. tannic acid (TA), alginic acid (ALG), two gum Arabic samples (GAL and GAH), branched polyethylenimine (BPEI), and non-ionic surfactants (reference material NM-300K) were selected to cover a wide range of zeta-potentials. The stability in NaCl solutions, as determined from the rate of variation in hydrodynamic size within a timeframe of one hour, followed the order BPEI≫NM-300K≈GAL≫ALG≈TA≫GAH...
August 1, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
M Saquib Hasnain, Poonam Rishishwar, Sanjay Rishishwar, Sadath Ali, Amit Kumar Nayak
The present research deals with the usefulness of isolated linseed polysaccharide (LP) as polymeric-blends with an anionic polymer, sodium alginate to prepare ionotropically cross-linking gelled mucoadhesive beads for controlled drug release. From the mature and ripe linseeds (Linum usitatisimum; family Liliaceae), LP was isolated and its colour, odour, taste, solubility in water, pH and viscosity were studied. Isolated LP was also characterized by FTIR spectroscopy and 1 H NMR analyses. LP‑calcium alginate beads loaded with diclofenac sodium were formulated via ionotropically crosslinking gelation method using calcium chloride as ionotropic crosslinker...
May 1, 2018: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
Robin Augustine, Dana Levin Ashkenazi, Roni Sverdlov Arzi, Vita Zlobin, Rona Shofti, Alejandro Sosnik
Nanonizationhas been extensively investigated to increase theoral bioavailability of hydrophobicdrugsin general andantiretrovirals(ARVs)used inthe therapy of the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection in particular. Weanticipatedthatin the caseofprotease inhibitors, a family of pH-dependent ARVsthatdisplay high aqueous solubility undertheacidconditionsof thestomach andextremely low solubilityunder the neutral ones ofthe small intestine, this strategy will failowing to an uncontrolled dissolution-re-precipitation process that will take place along the gastrointestinal tract...
April 30, 2018: Acta Biomaterialia
Tianxin Miao, Junqing Wang, Yun Zeng, Gang Liu, Xiaoyuan Chen
Polysaccharides or polymeric carbohydrate molecules are long chains of monosaccharides that are linked by glycosidic bonds. The naturally based structural materials are widely applied in biomedical applications. This article covers four different types of polysaccharides (i.e., alginate, chitosan, hyaluronic acid, and dextran) and emphasizes their chemical modification, preparation approaches, preclinical studies, and clinical translations. Different cargo fabrication techniques are also presented in the third section...
April 2018: Advanced Science (Weinheim, Baden-Wurttemberg, Germany)
Yazan Al Thaher, Silvia Latanza, Stefano Perni, Polina Prokopovich
Layer-by-layer (LbL) deposition is a versatile technique that has been employed in numerous industrial applications i.e. biomaterials, drug delivery and electronics to confer peculiar properties to the system. When LbL is employed for drug delivery, the active molecule is sandwiched between layers of polyelectrolytes and the release is controlled by the diffusion of the drug through the layers and the possible hydrolysis of the coating (delamination). Poly-beta-amino-esters (PBAEs) are a class of hydrolysable polyelectrolytes that have been widely used in DNA delivery and for LbL on medical devices...
April 22, 2018: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
Xin Wang, Jie Luo, Le He, Xu Cheng, Guoqing Yan, Jun Wang, Rupei Tang
Densely extracellular matrix (ECM) is one of the main barriers that hinder the penetration of drug into tumor parenchyma, compromising the therapeutic activity. In this work, alginic acid was copolymerized with an acid-labile monomer to give the acid-degradable nanogels (ALG NG), which was then immobilized with collagenase to obtain the surface-functionalized nanogels (Co@ALG NG). The introduction of collagenase would enhance the diffusion ability of nanogels in tumor parenchyma based on the hydrolytic activity to tumor ECM...
April 23, 2018: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
Quancai Sun, Zipei Zhang, Ruojie Zhang, Ruichang Gao, David Julian McClements
Insulin and an antacid (Mg(OH)2) were co-encapsulated inside calcium alginate microgels (diameter = 280 µm) using a vibrating nozzle injector. Confocal microscopy indicated that insulin was successfully encapsulated inside the microgels and remained inside them after they were exposed to simulated gastric conditions. Localized fluorescence intensity measurements indicated that the internal pH of the antacid-loaded microgels was around pH 7.4 after incubation in acidic gastric fluids, but below the limit of detection (pH < 4) in the antacid-free microgels...
April 27, 2018: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
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