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Alginic acid

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640588/calcitonin-loaded-thermosensitive-hydrogel-for-long-term-anti-osteopenia-therapy
#1
Yanpeng Liu, Xiaobin Chen, Sheyu Li, Qiang Guo, Jing Xie, Lin Yu, Xinyuan Xu, Chunmei Ding, Jianshu Li, Jiandong Ding
Effective anti-osteopenia therapy can be achieved by designing long-term protein/peptide drug delivery systems for bone trabecula restoration. Here we show that a complex of salmon calcitonin and oxidized calcium alginate (sCT-OCA) was prepared and loaded into a thermosensitive copolymer hydrogel for long-term anti-osteopenia treatment. The triblock copolymer, poly(D,L-lactic acid-co-glycolic acid)-b-poly(ethylene glycol)-b-poly(D,L-lactic acid-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA-PEG-PLGA) exhibited sol-gel transition at body temperature...
June 22, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636347/the-structure-and-dynamics-of-alginate-gels-crosslinked-by-polyvalent-ions-probed-via-solid-state-nmr-spectroscopy
#2
Jiří Brus, Martina Urbanová, Jiri Czernek, Miroslava Pavelkova, Katerina Kubova, Jakub Vyslouzil, Sabina Abbrent, Rafal Konefal, Jiri Horsky, David Vetchy, Jan Vysloužil, Pavel Kulich
Alginate gels are an outstanding biomaterial widely applicable in tissue engineering, medicine, and pharmacy for cell transplantation, wound healing and efficient bioactive agent delivery, respectively. This contribution provides new and comprehensive insight into the atomic-resolution structure and dynamics of polyvalent ion-crosslinked alginate gels in microbead formulations. By applying various advanced solid-state NMR (ssNMR) spectroscopy techniques, we verified the homogenous distribution of the crosslinking ions in the alginate gels and the high degree of ion exchange...
June 21, 2017: Biomacromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634367/proteomic-analysis-reveals-large-amounts-of-decomposition-enzymes-and-major-metabolic-pathways-involved-in-algicidal-process-of-trametes-versicolor-f21a
#3
Xueyan Gao, Congyan Wang, Wei Dai, Shenrong Ren, Fang Tao, Xingbing He, Guomin Han, Wei Wang
A recent algicidal mode indicates that fungal mycelia can wrap and eliminate almost all co-cultivated algal cells within a short time span. However, the underlying molecular mechanism is rarely understood. We applied proteomic analysis to investigate the algicidal process of Trametes versicolor F21a and identified 3,754 fungal proteins. Of these, 30 fungal enzymes with endo- or exoglycosidase activities such as β-1,3-glucanase, α-galactosidase, α-glucosidase, alginate lyase and chondroitin lyase were significantly up-regulated...
June 20, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629035/sodium-alginate-polyvinyl-alcohol-bovin-serum-albumin-coated-fe3o4-nanoparticles-as-anticancer-drug-delivery-vehicle-doxorubicin-loading-and-in-vitro-release-study-and-cytotoxicity-to-hepg2-and-l02-cells
#4
G Prabha, V Raj
The challenging part of this work was to research the potential aspects of sodium alginate (SA)-polyvinyl alcohol (PVA)-bovin serum albumin (BSA) coated Fe3O4 nanoparticles (Fe3O4-SA-PVA-BSA) as a drug delivery system for doxorubicin (DOX). The anticancer drug doxorubicin was selected as a model drug which is powerful for numerous cancer treatments. Superparamagnetic Fe3O4 nanoparticles were prepared by co-precipitation method. The mixture solution of Fe3O4-sodium alginate (SA) - doxorubicin (DOX) was crosslinked with Ca(2+) to form (Fe3O4-SA-DOX) nanoparticles and addition of PVA and BSA with (Fe3O4-SA-DOX) nanoparticles was prepared by coating procedure...
October 1, 2017: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628983/immobilized-oleaginous-microalgae-for-production-of-lipid-and-phytoremediation-of-secondary-effluent-from-palm-oil-mill-in-fluidized-bed-photobioreactor
#5
Benjamas Cheirsilp, Tipawan Thawechai, Poonsuk Prasertsan
Oleaginous microalga Nannochloropsis sp. was immobilized in alginate gel beads and cultivated under optimal conditions that their growth and lipid production were comparable to those of free cells. The immobilized cells were used in phytoremediation of secondary effluent from palm oil mill and easily recovered by simple sieving method. The immobilized cells contributed to removal of nitrogen and phosphorus >90% and CO2 mitigation >99%. They also gave the biomass and lipid production of 1.300±0.050g/L and 0...
June 14, 2017: Bioresource Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621276/association-of-palatal-rugae-pattern-in-gender-identification-an-exploratory-study
#6
Nitin Gautam, Suneel G Patil, R Gopi Krishna, Hemalatha Agastya, Lubna Mushtaq, K Vijay Kumar
AIM: The present study's aim was to assess the pattern of palatine ridges/rugae to identify gender. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study consists of a total of 50 participants (25 males and 25 females). Participants of the age range of 20 to 50 years were selected from the outpatient department. According to the shape and size of the patient's arches, maxillary impression trays were selected using alginate, and casts were poured subsequently. With the help of a sharp graphite pencil, the palatine ridges were delineated to make it prominent, and on either side of the midline, the number of rugae was counted and the length measured...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601648/sequential-igf-1-and-bmp-6-releasing-chitosan-alginate-plga-hybrid-scaffolds-for-periodontal-regeneration
#7
Tuğba Duruel, Anıl Sera Çakmak, Abdullah Akman, Rahime M Nohutcu, Menemşe Gümüşderelioğlu
The goal of periodontal tissue engineering is to repair or regenerate the destructed or lost periodontium by improving functions of cells in the remaining tissue. For continuty of cell growth process, two group of growth factors, i.e. competence factors and progression factors, are needed to act together. However, the short biological half-life of these factors limits their effects on cells and their clinical efficacy. The purpose of this study is to develop different microparticles-loaded chitosan carriers/scaffolds for controlled and sequential delivery of a competence factor, insulin-like growth factor (IGF-1), and progression factor, bone morphogenetic factor-6 (BMP-6)...
June 7, 2017: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28586308/an-extract-from-the-atlantic-brown-algae-sacchorhiza-polyschides-counteracts-diet-induced-obesity-in-mice-via-a-gut-related-multi-factorial-mechanisms
#8
Patricia Huebbe, Sibylle Nikolai, Anke Schloesser, Diran Herebian, Graeme Campbell, Claus-Christian Glüer, Annette Zeyner, Tobias Demetrowitsch, Karin Schwarz, Cornelia C Metges, Thomas Roeder, Gerhard Schultheiss, Ignacio R Ipharraguerre, Gerald Rimbach
In this study we addressed the questions whether an Atlantic brown algae extract (BAE) affects diet induced obesity in mice and which would be the primary targets and underlying key mechanisms.Male C57 BL/6 mice were fed a hypercaloric diet, referred to as high fat diet (HFD), supplemented with a freeze-dried aqueous BAE from Sacchorizia polyschides (5 %) for 8 months. Compared to the control group, dietary BAE supplementation significantly attenuated increase in body weight and fat mass. We observed apparent metabolic improvement including normalization of blood glucose, reduced plasma leptin, reduced fecal bile salt hydrolase activity with lower microbial production of toxic bile acid metabolites in the gut and increased systemic bile acid circulation in BAE-fed mice counteracting adverse effects of long term HFD feeding...
May 23, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28583017/three-dimensional-prostate-tumor-model-based-on-a-hyaluronic-acid-alginate-hydrogel-for-evaluation-of-anti-cancer-drug-efficacy
#9
Yadong Tang, Boxin Huang, Yuqin Dong, Wenlong Wang, Xi Zheng, Wei Zhou, Kun Zhang, Zhiyun Du
In vitro cell-based assays are widely applied to evaluate anti-cancer drug efficacy. However, the conventional approaches are mostly based on two-dimensional (2D) culture systems, making it difficult to recapitulate the in vivo tumor scenario because of spatial limitations. Here, we develop an in vitro three-dimensional (3D) prostate tumor model based on a hyaluronic acid (HA)-alginate hybrid hydrogel to bridge the gap between in vitro and in vivo anticancer drug evaluations. In situ encapsulation of PCa cells was achieved by mixing HA and alginate aqueous solutions in the presence of cells and then crosslinking with calcium ions...
June 8, 2017: Journal of Biomaterials Science. Polymer Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28581736/highly-efficient-malolactic-fermentation-of-red-wine-using-encapsulated-bacteria-in-a-robust-biocomposite-of-silica-alginate
#10
Guillermo Simó, Josefina Vila-Crespo, Encarnación Fernández-Fernández, Violeta Ruipérez, José Manuel Rodríguez-Nogales
Bacteria encapsulation to develop malolactic fermentation emerges as a biotechnological strategy that provides significant advantages over the use of free cells. Two encapsulation methods have been proposed embedding Oenococcus oeni, (i) interpenetrated polymer networks of silica and Ca-alginate and (ii) Ca-alginate capsules coated with hydrolyzed 3-aminopropyltriethoxysilane (hAPTES). On the basis of our results, only the first method was suitable for bacteria encapsulation. The optimized silica-alginate capsules exhibited a negligible bacteria release and an increase of 328% and 65% in L-malic acid consumption and mechanical robustness, respectively, compared to untreated alginate capsules...
June 19, 2017: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578958/synthesis-and-characterization-of-alginic-acid-ester-derivatives
#11
Yusuke Matsumoto, Daisuke Ishii, Tadahisa Iwata
Esters derivatives of alginic acid (Alg) were prepared in carboxylic acid/carboxylic acid anhydrides system by using aqueous perchloric acid as the catalyst. Degree of substitution of hydroxyl group of Alg was estimated to be 2, showing that the hydroxyl group of Alg was fully esterified. Alg acid esters showed the solubility to common organic solvents such as acetone and chloroform. In particular, alginic acid hexanoate formed self-standing solvent-cast film, although the film showed brittle mechanical behavior...
September 1, 2017: Carbohydrate Polymers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578048/microencapsulation-of-functional-strains-by-high-pressure-homogenization-for-a-potential-use-in-fermented-milk
#12
Francesca Patrignani, Lorenzo Siroli, Diana I Serrazanetti, Giacomo Braschi, Ester Betoret, Jorge A Reinheimer, Rosalba Lanciotti
This study was aimed to evaluate the potential of high pressure homogenization for the microencapsulation of two probiotic lactic acid bacteria, Lactobacillus paracasei A13 and Lactobacillus salivarius subsp. salivarius CET 4063 to produce functional fermented milks. Microcapsules of the considered functional microorganisms were obtained by HPH treatments at 50MPa in the presence of sodium alginate and vegetable oil. The microencapsulated microorganisms were then inoculated as adjuncts to produce fermented milks...
July 2017: Food Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28577980/physicochemical-properties-of-pectin-from-green-jelly-leaf-cyclea-barbata-miers
#13
O Yuliarti, S Y Chong, K K T Goh
The water extract of Green Jelly leaves (GJL) obtained by crushing the leaves in water (1:40) was capable of forming a gel at room temperature. The composition of GJL consisted mainly of carbohydrate (∼70w/w), protein (∼13% w/w) and minerals (∼6% w/w). The mineral portion consisted of mainly calcium (∼1.2% w/w), zinc (∼0.12% w/w) and magnesium (∼0.11% w/w). The isolated polysaccharide fraction (∼42.6% w/w) consisted of mainly galacturonic acid (∼35.8% w/w) and neutral sugars (∼6.8% w/w), with a weight-average molecular weight of ∼4...
May 31, 2017: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28577382/transport-retention-and-long-term-release-behavior-of-polymer-coated-silver-nanoparticles-in-saturated-quartz-sand-the%C3%A2-impact-of-natural-organic-matters-and-electrolyte
#14
Jun Hou, Mingzhi Zhang, Peifang Wang, Chao Wang, Lingzhan Miao, Yi Xu, Guoxiang You, Bowen Lv, Yangyang Yang, Zhilin Liu
This study investigated the transport and long-term release of stabilized silver nanoparticles (AgNPs), including polyvinylpyrrolidone-coated AgNPs (PVP-AgNPs) and bare AgNPs (Bare-AgNPs), in the presence of natural organic matters (NOMs; both humic acids (HA) and alginate (Alg)) and an electrolyte (Ca(2+)) in a sand-packed column. Very low breakthrough rate (C/C0) of AgNPs (below 0.04) occurred in the absence of NOM and the electrolyte. Increasing the concentration of NOM and decreasing the influent NOM solution's ionic strength (IS) reduced the retention of AgNPs...
May 31, 2017: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28575948/synthesis-characterization-and-biological-evaluation-of-alginate-nanoparticle-for-the-targeted-delivery-of-curcumin
#15
Thayyath Sreenivasan Anirudhan, Manasa Mohan Anila, Shainy Franklin
Cancer continues to be a serious disaster to mankind. Chemotherapy is an efficient and effective treatment against cancer. Lack of selectivity is the main challenge faced by chemotherapy. In present study we used folic acid (FA) as a targeting ligand, which selectively targets the cancer cell lines with over expressed folate receptors (FR). We grafted polyethylene glycol (PEG) to polyethylene imine (PEI) to form PEG-b-PEI (mPPS), which is then coupled with FA to form FA- PEG-b-PEI (PPF) which is then assembled with curcumin (CUR) loaded alginate nanoparticle (AlgNP)...
September 1, 2017: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28573727/characterization-and-bake-stability-of-dry-fruit-fillings-in-dehydrated-chiku-manilkara-zapota-l-p-royen-incorporated-biscuits
#16
Mahapatra Aditi, M N Shashirekha, M L Sudha
Expanding the range of bakery products in terms of producing supplemented or dietetic products has been an increasingly important trend in contemporary baking. Value added products, especially products rich in fiber and phytochemicals are getting popular. Among the dry fruits used for filling, Figs were rich in ash and protein and Dates were rich in dietary fiber. Gallic acid was the dominant free phenolic acid in Fig whereas chlorogenic acid and procatechuic acid were dominant in Dates in the bound form. Farinograph water absorption, dough development time, maximum pressure (P), and extensibility (L) decreased on increase in the replacement of wheat flour with chiku powder from 0 to 30%...
June 2017: Journal of Texture Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28572961/development-and-evaluation-of-floating-alginate-microspheres-for-oral-delivery-of-anthocyanins-a-preliminary-investigation
#17
Giovana B Celli, Amyl Ghanem, Marianne S Brooks
The goal of this study was to develop floating microspheres that could be used as gastroretentive systems for the delivery of anthocyanins (ACNs). These compounds are absorbed in the stomach and small intestine, and insufficient residence time in these organs could result in limited absorption and contribute to degradation. The microparticles containing freeze-dried haskap berry extract (321.96 ± 8.35 mg cyanidin 3-glucoside equivalents per g) were prepared by ionotropic gelation of alginate (9%, w/w) with calcium ions (CaCl2 at 2%, w/v) in the gelation bath, with calcium carbonate as the gas-generating compound (added at different ratios in the alginate/extract mixture)...
May 2017: Food Science & Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28559185/novel-dendritic-structure-of-alginate-hybrid-nanoparticles-for-effective-anti-viral-drug-delivery
#18
K S Joshy, Anne George, Jiya Jose, Nandakumar Kalarikkal, Laly A Pothen, Sabu Thomas
Lipid-polymer hybrid nanoparticles have recently gathered much attention as nanoplatforms for drug delivery applications due to their unique structural properties. In this study zidovudine (AZT) loaded hybrid nanoparticles of alginate (ALG) and stearic acid- poly ethylene glycol (SA-PEG) were synthesized. The structural characterization of drug loaded hybrid nanoparticles were studied using FT-IR spectroscopy, DLS and TEM analysis. These hybrid nanoparticles showed dendritic morphology and it can be used as an efficient carrier for zidovudine...
May 27, 2017: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28558467/alginate-microcapsules-incorporating-hyaluronic-acid-recreate-closer-in-vivo-environment-for-mesenchymal-stem-cells
#19
Alberto Cañibano-Hernández, Laura Saenz Del Burgo, Albert Espona-Noguera, Gorka Orive, Rosa M Hernández, Jesús Ciriza, Jose Luis Pedraz
The potential clinical application of alginate cell microencapsulation has advanced enormously during the past decade. However, the 3D environment created by alginate beads does not mimic the natural extracellular matrix surrounding cells in vivo, responsible of cell survival and functionality. As one of the most frequent macromolecules present in the extracellular matrix is hyaluronic acid, we have formed hybrid beads with alginate and hyaluronic acid recreating a closer in vivo cell environment. Our results show that 1% alginate-0...
June 6, 2017: Molecular Pharmaceutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28552770/synbiotic-loaded-chitosan-ca-alginate-microparticles-reduces-inflammation-in-the-tnbs-model-of-rat-colitis
#20
Tanja Petreska Ivanovska, Kristina Mladenovska, Zoran Zhivikj, Maja Jurhar Pavlova, Ivica Gjurovski, Trpe Ristoski, Lidija Petrushevska-Tozi
New therapeutic strategies against inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) consider the usage of probiotics, prebiotics and synbiotics as beneficial for the intestinal microbial balance. Limitations of such an approach are addressed into difference in survival, persistence, colonization and variable effects among different probiotic strains, lack in understanding of probiotic mechanisms of action, as well the complex etiology of IBD. The anti-inflammatory activity of Lactobacillus casei 01 (L. casei 01) was assessed in trinitrobenzenesulphonic (TNBS) acid model of rat colitis when the probiotic was used alone and/or in combination with oligofructose-enriched inulin (Synergy 1), and as synbiotic (L...
May 25, 2017: International Journal of Pharmaceutics
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