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Alginic acid

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067840/effect-of-film-forming-alginate-chitosan-polyelectrolyte-complex-on-the-storage-quality-of-pork
#1
Dominika Kulig, Anna Zimoch-Korzycka, Żaneta Król, Maciej Oziembłowski, Andrzej Jarmoluk
Meat is one of the most challenging food products in the context of maintaining quality and safety. The aim of this work was to improve the quality of raw/cooked meat by coating it with sodium alginate (A), chitosan (C), and sodium alginate-chitosan polyelectrolyte complex (PEC) hydrosols. Antioxidant properties of A, C, and PEC hydrosols were determined. Subsequently, total antioxidant capacity (TAC), sensory quality of raw/cooked pork coated with experimental hydrosols, and antimicrobial efficiency of those hydrosols on the surface microbiota were analysed...
January 6, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064050/development-of-a-novel-ph-sensitive-silane-crosslinked-injectable-hydrogel-for-controlled-release-of-neomycin-sulfate
#2
Sehrish Jabeen, Atif Islam, Abdul Ghaffar, Nafisa Gull, Ayesha Hameed, Anbreen Bashir, Tahir Jamil, Tousif Hussain
Silane crosslinked biopolymer based novel pH-responsive hydrogels were fabricated by blending the cationic (chitosan) and anionic (alginate) polymers with poly(vinyl alcohol). Tetraethoxysilane (TEOS) was used, as a crosslinker in different amounts due to its nonhazardous nature, to study its impact on physical and chemical properties of the prepared injectable hydrogels along with the controlled release of drug. The swelling response of the prepared hydrogels was examined in different solvent media which exhibited decreased swelling ratio with increase in the amount of TEOS...
January 4, 2017: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28051909/in-vitro-heterogeneous-degradation-of-alginate-and-its-validation-of-different-molecular-weight-on-blood-bio-compatibility
#3
Mengxue Xu, Chao Feng, Juan Wang, Xuqian Lang, Guixue Xia, Xiaoping Yu, Qiuxia Ji, Xiaojie Cheng, Ming Kong, Ya Liu, Xiguang Chen
In the present work, sodium alginate (ALG) was degraded by heterogeneous phase acid degradation. The molecular weight distribution of ALG after degradation was close to homogenization. Then the blood bio-compatibility of ALG with different molecular weights (ALG-0h 50,075, ALG-0.5h 20,680, ALG-2h 13,170 and ALG-96h 1170 kDa) was evaluated in vitro and vivo. The human umbilical vein endothelial cells were used to assess the cytotoxicity of ALGs, ALG-0.5h and ALG-2h exhibited greater increment in percentage of cell viability comparing with ALG-0h and ALG-96h...
January 18, 2017: Journal of Biomaterials Science. Polymer Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042359/non-prescription-proton-pump-inhibitors-for-self-treating-frequent-heartburn-the-role-of-the-canadian-pharmacist
#4
David Armstrong, Nardine Nakhla
Heartburn and acid regurgitation are the cardinal symptoms of gastroesophageal reflux and occur commonly in the Canadian population. Multiple non-prescription treatment options are available for managing these symptoms, including antacids, alginates, histamine-H2 receptor antagonists (H2RAs), and proton-pump inhibitors (PPIs). As a result, pharmacists are ideally positioned to recommend appropriate treatment options based upon an individual's needs and presenting symptoms, prior treatment response, comorbid medical conditions, and other relevant factors...
October 2016: Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28038739/physicochemical-antioxidant-and-biocompatible-properties-of-chondroitin-sulphate-isolated-from-chicken-keel-bone-for-potential-biomedical-applications
#5
Aruna Rani, Rwivoo Baruah, Arun Goyal
Chicken keel bone cartilage was explored for cheaper and sustainable source for isolation of chondroitin sulphate (CS) for its future use in tissue engineering and pharmaceutical industry. HPSEC analysis displayed two peaks of 100kDa for CS-keel polysaccharide and 1kDa for protein. DLS analysis of CS-keel displayed polydispersity. CS-keel yield was 15% and 53±5% uronic acid content. The quantified percentages of UA-GalNAc4S and UA-GalNAc6S disaccharide in CS-keel were 58% and 42%, respectively. FT-IR identified CS-keel to be chondroitin 4-sulphate...
March 1, 2017: Carbohydrate Polymers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28038738/biosorption-and-reduction-of-au-iii-to-gold-nanoparticles-by-thiourea-modified-alginate
#6
Xiangpeng Gao, Yan Zhang, Yuming Zhao
In this study, modified alginate biosorbent has shown a remarkably selective adsorption of Au (III) ions from multi-metallic solutions containing equal moles of Au (III), Pd (II), Pt (IV), Co (II), Ni (II) and Cu (II) ions under acidic conditions. The maximum uptake capacity of Au (III) was found to be 8.47mmolg(-1) at 323.15K. Adsorption of Au (III) by modified alginate biosorbent was accompanied by chemical reduction of Au (III), leading to the formation of gold nanocrystals and microcrystals. Biosorption and reduction of Au (III) in acidic media are mediated by the electrostatic and covalent interactions between Au (III) and hydroxyl, carboxyl, amino and CS functional groups of modified alginate adsorbent...
March 1, 2017: Carbohydrate Polymers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28017156/sugar-based-biopolymers-in-nanomedicine-new-emerging-era-for-cancer-imaging-and-therapy
#7
Mehmet S Eroglu, Ebru Toksoy Oner, Esra Cansever Mutlu, Muge Sennaroglu Bostan
Since last decade, sugar based biopolymers are recognized in nanomedicine as promising materials for cancer imaging and therapy. Their durable, biocompatible and adhesive properties enable the fine tuning of their molecular weights (MW) and their miscellaneous nature makes the molecules acquire various conformations. These in turn provide effective endocytosis by cancer cell membranes that have already been programmed for internalization of different kinds of sugars. Therefore, biocompatible sugar based nanoparticles (SBNPs) are suitable for both cell-selective delivery of drugs and imaging through the human body...
December 21, 2016: Current Topics in Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28009025/polyelectrolyte-multilayer-cushioned-fluid-lipid-bilayers-a-parachute-model
#8
Jingxin Shao, Caixia Wen, Mingjun Xuan, Hongyue Zhang, Johannes Frueh, Mingwei Wan, Lianghui Gao, Qiang He
Lipid bilayer membranes supported on polyelectrolyte multilayers are widely used as a new biomembrane model that connects biological and artificial materials since these ultrathin polyelectrolyte supports may mimic the role of the extracellular matrix and cell skeleton in living systems. Polyelectrolyte multilayers were fabricated by a layer-by-layer self-assembly technique. A quartz crystal microbalance with dissipation was used in real time to monitor the interaction between phospholipids and polyelectrolytes in situ on a planar substrate...
January 18, 2017: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27995736/ph-modulating-poly-ethylene-glycol-alginate-hydrogel-dressings-for-the-treatment-of-chronic-wounds
#9
Julia Koehler, Leonie Wallmeyer, Sarah Hedtrich, Achim M Goepferich, Ferdinand P Brandl
The development of chronic wounds has been frequently associated with alkaline pH values. The application of pH-modulating wound dressings can, therefore, be a promising treatment option to promote normal wound healing. This study reports on the development and characterization of acidic hydrogel dressings based on interpenetrating poly(ethylene glycol) diacrylate/acrylic acid/alginate networks. The incorporation of ionizable carboxylic acid groups results in high liquid uptake up to 500%. The combination of two separate polymer networks significantly improves the tensile and compressive stability...
December 20, 2016: Macromolecular Bioscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27994463/a-novel-double-targeted-nondrug-delivery-system-for-targeting-cancer-stem-cells
#10
Shupei Qiao, Yufang Zhao, Shuai Geng, Yong Li, Xiaolu Hou, Yi Liu, Feng-Huei Lin, Lifen Yao, Weiming Tian
Instead of killing cancer stem cells (CSCs), the conventional chemotherapy used for cancer treatment promotes the enrichment of CSCs, which are responsible for tumor growth, metastasis, and recurrence. However, most therapeutic agents are only able to kill a small proportion of CSCs by targeting one or two cell surface markers or dysregulated CSC pathways, which are usually shared with normal stem cells (NSCs). In this study, we developed a novel nondrug delivery system for the dual targeting of CSCs by conjugating hyaluronic acid (HA) and grafting the doublecortin-like kinase 1 (DCLK1) monoclonal antibody to the surface of poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG)-poly(d,l-lactide-co-glycolide) (PLGA) nanoparticles (NPs), which can specifically target CD44 receptors and the DCLK1 surface marker - the latter was shown to possess the capacity to distinguish between CSCSs and NSCs...
2016: International Journal of Nanomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27987910/optimization-of-alginate-alkaline-extraction-technology-from-sargassum-latifolium-and-its-potential-antioxidant-and-emulsifying-properties
#11
Mustafa A Fawzy, Mohamed Gomaa, Awatief F Hifney, Khayria M Abdel-Gawad
Alginate was recovered from Sargassum latifolium biomass using different conditions of alkali treatment. Box-Behnken experimental design was evaluated to study the influence of alkali:alga ratio, temperature and time on alginate yield, and its molecular weight (MW) and mannuronic/guluronic acid ratio (M/G). The second-order polynomial equations were analyzed by appropriate statistical methods. Extraction temperature and time were the most important factors during alginate alkaline extraction. MW and M/G ratio played an important role in controlling the reducing power of alginate...
February 10, 2017: Carbohydrate Polymers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27987903/degradation-kinetics-of-peptide-coupled-alginates-prepared-via-the-periodate-oxidation-reductive-amination-route
#12
Marianne Ø Dalheim, Ann-Sissel T Ulset, Ina Beate Jenssen, Bjørn E Christensen
Biomaterials based on peptide-coupled alginates must provide both optimal biological environments and tuneable stability/degradation profiles. The present work investigates the degradation pattern and kinetics of peptide-coupled alginates prepared via the periodate oxidation reductive amination route. Alginates degrade slowly (non-enzymatically) under physiological conditions by acid-catalysed hydrolysis and alkali-catalysed β-elimination, both operating simultaneously but dominated by the latter. While periodate oxidation alone largely increases the rate of β-elimination, substitution restores the susceptibility towards β-elimination to that of the parent alginate...
February 10, 2017: Carbohydrate Polymers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27987817/sequence-dependent-association-of-alginate-with-sodium-and-calcium-counterions
#13
Hadas Hecht, Simcha Srebnik
Molecular dynamics simulation is used to study in detail the binding of sodium and calcium ions to alginate chains, and its dependence on the content of guluronic (G) acid residues. Our previous studies showed that chains with different G content associate through different structural mechanisms due to differing degrees of rigidity of the ion-alginate chain complexes. Polymannuronate and polyguluronate chains form highly ordered structures due to their more rigid nature. Heteropolymer chains are more flexible and hence associate at higher ion and alginate concentrations, however, with association behavior that has a clear dependence on G content...
February 10, 2017: Carbohydrate Polymers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27981311/mucosal-protective-compounds-in-the-treatment-of-gastroesophageal-reflux-disease-a-position-paper-based-on-evidence-of-the-romanian-society-of-neurogastroenterology
#14
Teodora Surdea-Blaga, Ion Băncilă, Daniela Dobru, Vasile Drug, Ovidiu Frățilă, Adrian Goldiș, Simona M Grad, Crina Mureșan, Laurențiu Nedelcu, Paul J Porr, Ioan Sporea, Dan L Dumitrascu
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) therapy is challenging and suppression of acid secretion or prokinetics do not cure all cases. Some drugs with protective action on the esophageal mucosa have been used alternatively or in association with proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) and/or prokinetics. The Romanian Society of Neurogastroenterology undertook an Evidence-Based analysis, from which this position paper evolved. METHODS: We performed a systematic literature search in PubMed until October 2015, using the terms: sucralfate, guaiazulene, gaiazulene, dimethicone, alginate, antacids and gastroesophageal reflux...
December 2016: Journal of Gastrointestinal and Liver Diseases: JGLD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27979175/impact-of-preharvest-and-postharvest-alginate-treatments-enriched-with-vanillin-on-postharvest-decay-biochemical-properties-quality-and-sensory-attributes-of-table-grapes
#15
Dilara Konuk Takma, Figen Korel
Alginate solution enriched with vanillin as a bioactive compound was investigated for improving preharvest and postharvest quality and safety of table grapes. Alginate treatments with or without vanillin as preharvest spray and postharvest coating were implemented on table grapes of Alphonse Lavalleé and Razaki cultivars. Fungal decay, biochemical properties, quality and sensory attributes were evaluated at day of preharvest treatment, at harvesting and during 35days of storage at 4±2°C. Alginate treatments with or without vanillin were effective in preventing weight and firmness losses...
April 15, 2017: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27966930/encapsulation-of-pancreatic-lipase-in-hydrogel-beads-with-self-regulating-internal-ph-microenvironments-retention-of-lipase-activity-after-exposure-to-gastric-conditions
#16
Zipei Zhang, Fang Chen, Ruojie Zhang, Zeyuan Deng, David Julian McClements
Oral delivery of lipase is important for individuals with exocrine pancreatic insufficiency; however, lipase loses activity when exposed to the highly acidic gastric environment. In this study, pancreatic lipase was encapsulated in hydrogel beads fabricated from alginate (gel former), calcium chloride (cross-linker), and magnesium hydroxide (buffer). Fluorescence confocal microscopy imaging was used to map the pH microclimate within the hydrogel beads under simulated gastrointestinal tract (GIT) conditions...
December 28, 2016: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27960600/boron-removal-by-a-composite-sorbent-polyethylenimine-tannic-acid-derivative-immobilized-in-alginate-hydrogel-beads
#17
Caroline Bertagnolli, Andrey Grishin, Thierry Vincent, Eric Guibal
A novel composite material was prepared by the grafting of tannic acid on polyethylenimine (PEI), which allows an efficient sorption of boron (sorption capacity close to 0.89 mmol B g(-1)). The encapsulation of this chelating sorbent (finely crushed) facilitates its use (readily solid/liquid separation, use in fixed-bed columns) at the expense of a loss in sorption capacity (proportionally decreased by the introduction of alginate having poor efficiency for boron uptake). Sorption isotherms are modeled using the Langmuir equation, while the kinetic profiles are presented a good fit by pseudo-second order rate equation...
December 14, 2016: Journal of Environmental Science and Health. Part A, Toxic/hazardous Substances & Environmental Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914250/chitosan-nanoparticles-as-carrier-systems-for-the-plant-growth-hormone-gibberellic-acid
#18
Anderson Espirito Santo Pereira, Paula Mayara Silva, Jhones Luis Oliveira, Halley Caixeta Oliveira, Leonardo Fernandes Fraceto
This work concerns the development of nanocarriers composed of alginate/chitosan (ALG/CS) and chitosan/tripolyphosphate (CS/TPP) for the plant growth regulator gibberellic acid (GA3). ALG/CS nanoparticles with and without GA3 presented mean size of 450±10nm, polydispersity index (PDI) of 0.3, zeta potential of -29±0.5mV, concentrations of 1.52×10(11) and 1.92×10(11) nanoparticles mL(-1), respectively, and 100% encapsulation efficiency. CS/TPP nanoparticles with and without GA3 presented mean size of 195±1nm, PDI of 0...
November 23, 2016: Colloids and Surfaces. B, Biointerfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913828/engineering-and-evolution-of-saccharomyces-cerevisiae-to-produce-biofuels-and-chemicals
#19
Timothy L Turner, Heejin Kim, In Iok Kong, Jing-Jing Liu, Guo-Chang Zhang, Yong-Su Jin
To mitigate global climate change caused partly by the use of fossil fuels, the production of fuels and chemicals from renewable biomass has been attempted. The conversion of various sugars from renewable biomass into biofuels by engineered baker's yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae) is one major direction which has grown dramatically in recent years. As well as shifting away from fossil fuels, the production of commodity chemicals by engineered S. cerevisiae has also increased significantly. The traditional approaches of biochemical and metabolic engineering to develop economic bioconversion processes in laboratory and industrial settings have been accelerated by rapid advancements in the areas of yeast genomics, synthetic biology, and systems biology...
December 3, 2016: Advances in Biochemical Engineering/biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911010/screening-of-mercury-resistant-and-indole-3-acetic-acid-producing-bacterial-consortium-for-growth-promotion-of-cicer-arietinum-l
#20
Aatif Amin, Zakia Latif
Mercury resistant (Hg(R) ) bacteria were screened from industrial effluents and effluents-polluted rhizosphere soils near to districts Kasur and Sheikhupura, Pakistan. Out of 60 isolates, three bacterial strains, Bacillus sp. AZ-1, Bacillus cereus AZ-2, and Enterobacter cloacae AZ-3 showed Hg-resistance as 20 μg ml(-1) of HgCl2 and indole-3-acetic acid (IAA) production as 8-38 μg ml(-1) . Biochemical and molecular characterization of selected bacteria was confirmed by 16S ribotyping. Mercury resistant genes merA, merB, and merE of mer operon in Bacillus spp...
December 2, 2016: Journal of Basic Microbiology
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