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Ki Cheon Kim, Yu Jae Hyun, Susara Ruwan Kumara Madduma Hewage, Mei Jing Piao, Kyoung Ah Kang, Hee Kyoung Kang, Young Sang Koh, Mee Jung Ahn, Jin Won Hyun
A natural bromophenol found in seaweeds, 3-bromo-4,5-dihydroxybenzaldehyde (BDB), has been shown to possess antioxidant effects. This study aimed to investigate the mechanism by which BDB protects skin cells subjected to oxidative stress. The effect of BDB on the protein and mRNA levels of glutathione-related enzymes and the cell survival of human keratinocytes (HaCaT cells) was investigated. BDB treatment increased the protein and mRNA levels of glutathione synthesizing enzymes and enhanced the production of reduced glutathione in HaCaT cells...
September 18, 2017: Marine Drugs
Sieglind Wallner-Hahn, Maricela de la Torre-Castro
This study analyzes fishers', managers' and scientists' opinions on management measures to facilitate the initiation of management processes towards more sustainable small-scale seagrass fisheries in Zanzibar, Tanzania. The results show that most fishers and managers agreed on the need to include seagrasses specifically in future management. There was further agreement on dragnets being the most destructive gears, and the use of dragnets being a major threat to local seagrass ecosystems. Gear restrictions excluding illegal dragnets were the favored management measure among fishers...
September 15, 2017: Marine Pollution Bulletin
Xiufang Zhang, Lu Chen, Weiyun Chai, Xiao-Yuan Lian, Zhizhen Zhang
Streptopertusacin A, a unique indolizinium alkaloid existing as a zwitterion, and six bafilomycins including two previously undescribed ones of 21,22-en-bafilomycin D and 21,22-en-9-hydroxybafilomycin D were isolated from a culture of the seaweed-derived Streptomyces sp. HZP-2216E. Structures of these isolated compounds were determined based on extensive NMR spectroscopic analyses, HRESIMS and MS-MS data. The stereochemical assignments were achieved by NOE information, chemical degradation, Marfey's method, and electronic circular dichroism (ECD) calculation...
September 15, 2017: Phytochemistry
Huanghuang He, Jing Ye, Xueqin Zhang, Yayan Huang, Xiaohui Li, Meitian Xiao
A novel gelling agent, comprising blended κ-carrageenan (κ-C), a seaweed polysaccharide and locust bean gum (LBG), was used to prepare hard capsules. The distinct synergism between κ-C and LBG were verified by the textural profile analysis (TPA), FTIR and rheological measurement. Afterwards, films and hard capsules were prepared with the optimized LBG/κ-C blend gel. And the mechanical properties and morphology of films and hard capsules were analyzed by tensile testing and SEM, respectively. The results showed that the LBG/κ-C at 1:3 ratio could serve as an excellent gelling agent, which endowed hard capsule with the promoted mechanical properties, homogenous and smooth surface morphology...
November 1, 2017: Carbohydrate Polymers
Tomokazu Yamazaki, Kensuke Ichihara, Ryogo Suzuki, Kenshiro Oshima, Shinichi Miyamura, Kazuyoshi Kuwano, Atsushi Toyoda, Yutaka Suzuki, Sumio Sugano, Masahira Hattori, Shigeyuki Kawano
The evolution of sex chromosomes and mating loci in organisms with UV systems of sex/mating type determination in haploid phases via genes on UV chromosomes is not well understood. We report the structure of the mating type (MT) locus and its evolutionary history in the green seaweed Ulva partita, which is a multicellular organism with an isomorphic haploid-diploid life cycle and mating type determination in the haploid phase. Comprehensive comparison of a total of 12.0 and 16.6 Gb of genomic next-generation sequencing data for mt(-) and mt(+) strains identified highly rearranged MT loci of 1...
September 15, 2017: Scientific Reports
Huifang Li, Junru Li, Yuan Tang, Lin Lin, Zhanglian Xie, Jia Zhou, Liyun Zhang, Xiaoyong Zhang, Xiaoshan Zhao, Zhengliang Chen, Daming Zuo
BACKGROUND: Hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection is a serious public health problem leading to cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma. As the clinical utility of current therapies is limited, the development of new therapeutic approaches for the prevention and treatment of HBV infection is imperative. Fucoidan is a natural sulfated polysaccharide that extracted from different species of brown seaweed, which was reported to exhibit various bioactivities. However, it remains unclear whether fucoidan influences HBV replication or not...
September 16, 2017: Virology Journal
Hui-Min Qin, Takuya Miyakawa, Akira Inoue, Akira Nakamura, Ryuji Nishiyama, Takao Ojima, Masaru Tanokura
Laminarinase from Flavobacterium sp. strain UMI-01, a new member of the glycosyl hydrolase 16 family of a marine bacterium associated with seaweeds, mainly degrades β-1,3-glucosyl linkages of β-glucan (such as laminarin) through the hydrolysis of glycosidic bonds. We determined the crystal structure of ULam111 at 1.60-Å resolution to understand the structural basis for its thermostability and substrate specificity. A calcium-binding motif located on the opposite side of the β-sheet from catalytic cleft increased its degrading activity and thermostability...
September 12, 2017: Scientific Reports
Hitomi Okubo, Hiroki Inagaki, Yasuyuki Gondo, Kei Kamide, Kazunori Ikebe, Yukie Masui, Yasumichi Arai, Tatsuro Ishizaki, Satoshi Sasaki, Takeshi Nakagawa, Mai Kabayama, Ken Sugimoto, Hiromi Rakugi, Yoshinobu Maeda
BACKGROUND: An increasing number of studies in Western countries have shown that healthy dietary patterns may have a protective effect against cognitive decline and dementia. However, information on this relationship among non-Western populations with different cultural settings is extremely limited. We aim to examine the relationship between dietary patterns and cognitive function among older Japanese people. METHODS: This cross-sectional study included 635 community-dwelling people aged 69-71 years who participated in the prospective cohort study titled Septuagenarians, Octogenarians, Nonagenarians Investigation with Centenarians (SONIC)...
September 11, 2017: Nutrition Journal
Abdullah Rasyid
The nutritional composition of the dried seaweed Ulva lactuca from Pameungpeuk waters, including proximate, vitamins, minerals, dietary fibre and heavy metal has been carried out. The objective of this present study is to know the nutritional composition of the dried seaweed U. lactuca for utilisation in human nutrition in the future. Results show that carbohydrate was the major component in the proximate analysis of U. lactuca in the present study. The carbohydrate content was 58.1%. Moisture, ash, protein and fat content were 16...
July 2017: Tropical Life Sciences Research
Chai-Ling Ho, Wei-Kang Lee, Ee-Leen Lim
Agar and agarose have wide applications in food and pharmaceutical industries. Knowledge on the genome of red seaweeds that produce them is still lacking. To fill the gap in genome analyses of these red algae, we have sequenced the nuclear and organellar genomes of an agarophyte, Gracilaria changii. The partial nuclear genome sequence of G. changii has a total length of 35.8Mb with 10,912 predicted protein coding sequences. Only 39.4% predicted proteins were found to have significant matches to protein sequences in SwissProt...
September 7, 2017: Genomics
Min Jin, Haifeng Liu, Yanping Hou, Zhuhua Chan, Wenjie Di, Li Li, Runying Zeng
Oligosaccharides derived from seaweeds possess diverse biological functions. However, little is known about their effects on liver damage. In this study, algal oligosaccharides (AOS) were prepared from Gracilaria lemaneiformis by biodegradation approaches. HPLC analysis showed AOS were composed of agarooligosaccharides and neoagarooligosaccharides. In vivo animal studies showed AOS significantly attenuated alcohol-induced hepatopathy in mice to some extent, as revealed by the normalization of several serum liver-damage markers...
October 2017: Food Research International
Anusree Maneesh, Kajal Chakraborty
Previously undescribed fridooleanene triterpenoids 2α-hydroxy-(28,29)-frido-olean-12(13), 21(22)-dien-20-propyl-21-hex-4'(Z)-enoate, 2α-hydroxy-(28,29)-frido-olean-12(13), 21(22)-dien-20-prop-2(E)-en-21-butanoate and oxygenated labdane diterpenoids 2α-hydroxy-8(17), (12E), 14-labdatriene, 3β, 6β, 13α-tri hydroxy 8(17), 12E, 14-labdatriene were purified from the ethyl acetate-methanol and dichloromethane fractions of the air-dried thalli of Sargassum wightii (Sargassaceae), a brown seaweed collected from the Gulf-of-Mannar of Penninsular India...
September 6, 2017: Phytochemistry
Luigi Piazzi, Giulia Ceccherelli
The study aimed at investigating factors influencing the recovery of the canopy seaweed Cystoseira brachycarpa. A manipulative experiment was done to test if in barren patches the recovery of Cystoseira I) is enhanced by the removal of the urchins, II) is prevented by eutrophication, III) depends on the time of patch clearance and IV) decreases with the distance from Cystoseira bed edge within the barren patch. The effects of the same factors on the structure of the macroalgal assemblage were also tested. Cystoseira recovered abundantly only in clearings where nutrients were not added and urchins were removed...
September 5, 2017: Marine Pollution Bulletin
Arafat Abdel Hamed Abdel Latef, Ashish Kumar Srivastava, Hani Saber, Eman A Alwaleed, Lam-Son Phan Tran
The present study evaluates the potential of Sar gassum muticum (Sar) and Jan ia rubens (Jan) seaweeds for enhancing growth and mitigating soil-salinity in chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.). Under control conditions, Sar and Jan extracts improved chickpea growth which was attributed to their potential for increasing photosynthetic pigments, K(+) and amino acids, particularly proline, in comparison with water-sprayed control. Upon stress imposition, chickpea growth was reduced in NaCl concentration-dependent manner, and principal component analysis (PCA) revealed Na(+) accumulation and oxidative damage as major determinants of sensitivity at high salinity...
September 5, 2017: Scientific Reports
Anusree Maneesh, Kajal Chakraborty
Previously undescribed aryl polyketide lactones, 4-(8-ethyl-tetrahydro-7-oxo-2H-pyran-5-yl)-propyl-4'-methylbenzoate (compound 1) and methyl-2-(12-oxo-7-phenyl-8-vinyl-1-oxa-4,9-cyclododecadien-3-yl)-acetate (compound 2) were purified from ethyl acetate-methanol fraction of the brown seaweed Sargassum wightii. The structures were proposed based on their NMR and mass spectrometric data. The antioxidative activities of the lactones were significantly greater (P<0.05) (IC50 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl radical scavenging 0...
October 2017: Food Research International
Jasper van Houcke, Isabel Medina, Hanne K Maehre, Josiane Cornet, Mireille Cardinal, Jozef Linssen, Joop Luten
Oyster refinement, a common practice in France, is aimed at increasing the weight of oyster tissue and influencing the taste properties of the refined oysters. Refinement usually takes place in land-based systems where the oysters are fed with relatively high concentrations of microalgae. In this study the impact of feeding Skeletonema costatum and Rhodomonas baltica on the biochemical composition and sensory characteristics of Pacific cupped oysters (Crassostrea gigas) from the Eastern Scheldt during land-based refinement was studied...
October 2017: Food Research International
Yoshihiro Miyake, Keiko Tanaka, Hitomi Okubo, Satoshi Sasaki, Shinya Furukawa, Masashi Arakawa
BACKGROUND: Only one Brazilian study has examined the association between dietary patterns and depressive symptoms during pregnancy. The current cross-sectional study examined this issue in Japan. METHODS: Study subjects were 1744 pregnant women. Between April 2007 and March 2008, information under study was obtained. Dietary patterns were derived from a factor analysis of 33 predefined food groups based on a self-administered diet history questionnaire. Depressive symptoms were defined as a Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale score ≥ 16...
August 30, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
Divine Damertey Sewu, Patrick Boakye, Hwansoo Jung, Seung Han Woo
The potential of activating terrestrial biomass (spent mushroom substrate, SMS) with ash-laden marine biomass [kelp seaweed, KE] via co-pyrolysis in the field of adsorption was first investigated. KE biochar (KBC), SMS biochar (SMSBC), biochar (SK10BC) from 10%-KE added SMS, and biochar (ESBC) from KE-extract added SMS were used for the adsorption of cationic dye crystal violet (CV). ESBC had highest fixed carbon content (70.60%) and biochar yield (31.6%). SK10BC exhibited high ash content, abundant functional groups, coarser surface morphology and Langmuir maximum adsorptive capacity (610...
November 2017: Bioresource Technology
Pankaj Parab, Rakhee Khandeparker, Ujwala Amberkar, Vishwas Khodse
Enzymatic hydrolysis of seaweed biomass was studied using xylanase produced from marine bacteria Bacillus sp. strain BT21 through solid-state fermentation of wheat bran. Three types of seaweeds, Ahnfeltia plicata, Padina tetrastromatica and Ulva lactuca, were selected as representatives of red, brown, and green seaweeds, respectively. Seaweed biomass was pretreated with hot water. The efficiency of pretreated biomass to release reducing sugar by the action of xylanase as well as the type of monosaccharide released during enzyme saccharification of seaweed biomass was studied...
October 2017: 3 Biotech
Tarha Westby, Aodhmar Cadogan, Geraldine Duignan
Seaweed baths containing Fucus serratus Linnaeus are a rich source of iodine which has the potential to increase the urinary iodide concentration (UIC) of the bather. In this study, the range of total iodine concentration in seawater (22-105 µg L(-1)) and seaweed baths (808-13,734 µg L(-1)) was measured over 1 year. The seasonal trend shows minimum levels in summer (May-July) and maximum in winter (November-January). The bathwater pH was found to be acidic, average pH 5.9 ± 0.3. An in vivo study with 30 volunteers was undertaken to measure the UIC of 15 bathers immersed in the bath and 15 non-bathers sitting adjacent to the bath...
September 2, 2017: Environmental Geochemistry and Health
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