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Amal Abdelhamid, Meriem Jouini, Haifa Bel Haj Amor, Zeineb Mzoughi, Mehdi Dridi, Rafik Ben Said, Abderrahman Bouraoui
Phlorotannins, phenolic compounds produced exclusively by seaweeds, have been reported to possess various pharmacological properties. However, there have been few works on these compounds from Mediterranean seaweeds. In this study, we investigated the phytochemical analysis and pharmacological potential of phlorotannin-rich fractions from three brown seaweeds collected along the Tunisia coast: Cystoseira sedoides (PHT-SED), Cladostephus spongeosis (PHT-CLAD), and Padina pavonica (PHT-PAD). Phytochemical determinations showed considerable differences in total phenolic content (TPC) and phlorotannin content (PHT)...
January 18, 2018: Marine Biotechnology
Xiaoyan Zhu, Xiangqian Li, Hao Shi, Jia Zhou, Zhongbiao Tan, Mengdi Yuan, Peng Yao, Xiaoyan Liu
Alginate lyases show great potential for industrial and medicinal applications, especially as an attractive biocatalyst for the production of oligosaccharides with special bioactivities. A novel alginate lyase, AlyH1, from the marine bacterium Vibrio furnissii H1, which has been newly isolated from rotten seaweed, was purified and characterized. The purified enzyme showed the specific activity of 2.40 U/mg. Its molecular mass was 35.8 kDa. The optimal temperature and pH were 40 °C and pH 7.5, respectively...
January 15, 2018: Marine Drugs
Crystal F Haskell-Ramsay, Philippa A Jackson, Fiona L Dodd, Joanne S Forster, Jocelyn Bérubé, Carey Levinton, David O Kennedy
(Poly)phenols and, specifically, phlorotannins present in brown seaweeds have previously been shown to inhibit α-amylase and α-glucosidase, key enzymes involved in the breakdown and intestinal absorption of carbohydrates. Related to this are observations of modulation of post-prandial glycemic response in mice and increased insulin sensitivity in humans when supplemented with seaweed extract. However, no studies to date have explored the effect of seaweed extract on cognition. The current randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blind, parallel groups study examined the impact of a brown seaweed extract on cognitive function post-prandially in 60 healthy adults (N = 30 per group)...
January 13, 2018: Nutrients
Elisabete da Costa, Vitor Azevedo, Tânia Melo, Andreia M Rego, Dmitry V Evtuguin, Pedro Domingues, Ricardo Calado, Rui Pereira, Maria H Abreu, Maria R Domingues
Porphyra dioica is a commercial seaweed consumed all over the world, mostly in the shape of nori sheets used for "sushi" preparation. It is a well-known part of the Asian diet with health benefits, which have been associated, among others, to the high levels of n-3 and n-6 fatty acids in this red alga. However, other highly valued lipids of Porphyra are polar lipids that remain largely undescribed and can have both nutritional value and bioactivity, thus could contribute to the valorization of this seaweed...
January 17, 2018: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
Maha R A Abdollah, Thomas J Carter, Clare Jones, Tammy L Kalber, Vineeth Rajkumar, Berend Tolner, Cordula Gruettner, May Zaw-Thin, Julia Baguña Torres, Matthew Ellis, Mathew Robson, R Barbara Pedley, Paul Mulholland, Rafael T M de Rosales, Kerry Ann Chester
The magnetic properties and safety of dextran-coated superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles (SPIONs) have facilitated their clinical use as MRI contrast agents and stimulated research on applications for SPIONs in particle imaging and magnetic hyperthermia. The wider clinical potential of SPIONs, however, has been limited by their rapid removal from circulation via the reticuloendothelial system (RES). We explored the possibility of extending SPION circulatory time using fucoidan, a seaweed-derived food supplement, to inhibit RES uptake...
January 17, 2018: ACS Nano
Javee Anand, Malairaj Sathuvan, Gopal Venkatesh Babu, Muthu Sakthivel, Perumal Palani, Subramani Nagaraj
Marine seaweeds contain a valuable source of functional bioactive polysaccharide and it plays main role for effective anticancer activity. The structural feature of SPs was studied through FT-IR and 1H NMR spectra analysis. The isolated SPs from A. spicifera contain 63.3% of total sugar, 21.9% of total sulfate and 12.6% of total uranic acid was found. The active F2 fraction molecular weight of SP was found to be 420 kDa. The sugar was composed of galactose (73.5%), xylose (9.2%), mannose (1.9%) and arabinose (10...
January 11, 2018: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
S H Lee, J S Oh, K B Lee, J M Lee, S H Hwang, M K Lee, E H Kwon, C S Kim, I H Choi, I Y Yeo, J Y Yoon, J M Im
Food samples are collected nationwide from January 2016 to February 2017 and their contents of artificial radionuclides are measured to address the growing concerns regarding the radioactive contamination of food products in Korea. Specifically, 900 food samples are collected for this study and their contents of representative artificial radionuclides 134Cs, 137Cs, 239,240Pu, and 90Sr are analyzed. The analysis shows that the activity concentrations of 137Cs in fish range from minimum detectable activity (MDA) to 340 mBq/kg of fresh weight...
January 12, 2018: Journal of Environmental Radioactivity
Takehiko Yokoyama, Masaharu Tokuda, Masafumi Amano, Koji Mikami
The presence of d-aspartate (d-Asp), a biologically rare amino acid, was evaluated in 38 species of marine macroalgae (seaweeds). Despite the ubiquitous presence of free l-Asp, free d-Asp was detected in only 5 species belonging to the Sargassaceae family of class Phaeophyceae (brown algae) but not in any species of the phyla Chlorophyta (green algae) and Rhodophyta (red algae). All other members of Phaeophyceae, including 3 species classified into the section Teretia of Sargassaceae did not contain d-Asp. These results indicate that the presence of free d-Asp in marine macroalgae is restricted only to the Sargassaceae family, excluding the species in the section Teretia...
January 15, 2018: Bioscience, Biotechnology, and Biochemistry
In-Hye Kim, Taek-Jeong Nam
Fucoidan, a sulfated polysaccharide present in brown seaweed, has demonstrated anticancer activity in lung, breast, liver and colon cells. The insulin-like growth factor (IGF) signaling pathway regulates growth in HT-29 cells through the insulin receptor substrate-1 (IRS-1)/phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K)/protein kinase B (AKT) and Ras/Raf/extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) pathways. The aim of the present study was to investigate whether fucoidan downregulates the IGF-IR signaling pathway in HT-29 human colon cancer cells...
January 4, 2018: Oncology Reports
Ahad Khoshzaban, Peyman Keyhanvar, Elham Delrish, Farhood Najafi, Saeed Heidari Keshel, Ikuya Watanabe, Alireza Valanezhad, Tahereh Jafarzadeh Kashi
OBJECTIVES: Alginate, known as a group of anionic polysaccharides extracted from seaweeds, has attracted the attention of researchers because of its biocompatibility and degradability properties. Alginate has shown beneficial effects on wound healing as it has similar function as extracellular matrix. Alginate microcapsules (AM) that are used in tissue engineering as well as Dulbecco's modified Eagle's medium (DMEM) contain nutrients required for cell viability. The purpose of this research was introducing AM in medium and nutrient reagent cells and making a comparison with control group cells that have been normally cultured in long term...
April 2018: Cell Journal
Pushp S Shukla, Katy Shotton, Erin Norman, Will Neily, Alan T Critchley, Balakrishnan Prithiviraj
There is an increasing global concern about the availability of water for agricultural use. Drought stress negatively impacts plant physiology and crop productivity. Soybean (Glycine max) is one of the important oilseed crops, and its productivity is often reduced by drought. In this study, a commercial extract of Ascophyllum nodosum (ANE) was evaluated for its potential to alleviate drought stress in soybean. The aim of this study was to determine the effects of ANE on the response of soybean plants to drought stress by monitoring stomatal conductance, relative leaf water content, antioxidant activity and expression of stress-responsive genes...
February 2018: AoB Plants
Heather V Kenny, Amber N Wright, Jonah Piovia-Scott, Louie H Yang, David A Spiller, Thomas W Schoener
Resource pulses are brief periods of unusually high resource abundance. While population and community responses to resource pulses have been relatively well studied, how individual consumers respond to resource pulses has received less attention. Local consumers are often the first to respond to a resource pulse, and the form and timing of individual responses may influence how the effects of the pulse are transmitted throughout the community. Previous studies in Bahamian food webs have shown that detritivores associated with pulses of seaweed wrack provide an alternative prey source for lizards...
December 2017: Ecology and Evolution
Sung-Hyun Yang, Ji Hye Oh, Hyun-Seok Seo, Jung-Hyun Lee, Kae Kyoung Kwon
A gram-stain-negative, aerobic, rod-shaped (1.3-1.9×0.3-0.5 µm) and non-motile marine bacterium, designated MEBiC09412T, was isolated from seaweed collected at Yeonggwang County, South Korea. 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis demonstrated that strain MEBiC09412T shared high sequence similarity with Marinirhabdus gelatinilytica NH83T (95.4 %). Growth was observed at 17-38 °C (optimum 30 °C), at pH 4.0-8.5 (optimum pH 7.0) and with 0.5-6.0 % (w/v; optimum 2.5 %) NaCl. The predominant cellular fatty acids were iso-C15 : 0 (27...
January 3, 2018: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
Ye Jin, Shuang Qiu, Na Shao, Jianhua Zheng
BACKGROUND Fucoxanthin is a carotenoid present in the chloroplasts of brown seaweeds. Tumor necrosis factor-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL) is a cytokine that selectively induces apoptosis in many tumor cells and is an attractive candidate for antitumor therapies. MATERIAL AND METHODS After human cervical cancer cell lines HeLa, SiHa, and CaSki were treated with fucoxanthin or TRAIL. Cell viability was determined by 2,3-bis (2-methoxy-4-nitro-5-sulfophenyl)-2-tetrazolium 5-carboxanilide (XTT) method...
January 1, 2018: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
Shih-Hung Tsai, Jen-Chun Wang, Wen-I Liao, Yu-Juei Hsu, Chih-Yuan Lin, Min-Tser Liao, Po-Hsun Huang, Shing-Jong Lin
BACKGROUND: Rupture of abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) is one of the leading causes of sudden death among the elderly. Most incidental AAAs are below the threshold for intervention at the time of detection; however, there is no evidence that commonly used cardiovascular drugs have clinical beneficial effects on AAA progression. Therefore, in addition to current cardiovascular risk-reducing treatments, an adjunctive medical therapy targeting the regulation of extracellular matrix metabolism is still required in the clinical setting...
December 28, 2017: Journal of Vascular Surgery
Elsa Teresa Rodrigues, Maria Fátima Alpendurada, Fernando Ramos, Miguel Ângelo Pardal
The present study aims to contribute to a better assessment of pesticide environmental and human health (here evaluated in the context of human exposure via food items) risks for the estuarine system by comprehensively studying the spatial and temporal occurrence of the pesticides atrazine, azoxystrobin, bentazon, λ-cyhalothrin, penoxsulam and terbuthylazine in the River Mondego estuary (Portugal). Pesticide quantification was performed in surface water, sediment, macroalgae (Ulva spp., Gracilaria gracilis, Fucus vesiculosus), aquatic plants (Zostera noltii, Spartina maritime, Scirpus maritimus) and bivalves (Scrobicularia plana)...
December 27, 2017: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
Dong Zhao, Jian Xu, Xia Xu
Due to antitumor and antioxidant activities, there has been increasing interest in fucoidans, sulfated polysaccharides, from brown algae. Currently, the classic hot water extraction and acid extraction are time-consuming, and can cause the partial cleavage of sulfate esters, leading to bioactivity loss. The present study developed a novel process for extracting fucoidans from Laminaria japonica with 0.5% ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid at 70 °C. Crude fucoidans (CFs) obtained with a yield (∼16%) was purified to different fractions of F1, F2 and F3...
April 15, 2018: Food Chemistry
Nazikussabah Zaharudin, Armando Asunción Salmeán, Lars Ove Dragsted
Edible seaweeds are valuable because of their organoleptic properties and complex polysaccharide content. A study was conducted to investigate the potential of dried edible seaweed extracts, its potential phenolic compounds and alginates for α-amylase inhibitory effects. The kinetics of inhibition was assessed in comparison with acarbose. The methanol extract of Laminaria digitata and the acetone extract of Undaria pinnatifida showed inhibitory activity against α-amylase, IC50 0.74 ± 0.02 mg/ml and 0...
April 15, 2018: Food Chemistry
Chun-Yung Huang, Chia-Hung Kuo, Po-Wei Chen
In this study, a compressional-puffing process (CPP) was used to pretreat Sargassum hemiphyllum (SH) and then fucoidan was extracted from SH by hot water. Three fucoidan extracts, namely SH1 (puffing at 0 kg/cm²); SH2 (puffing at 1.7 kg/cm²); and SH3 (puffing at 10.0 kg/cm²) were obtained, and their compositions and biological activities were evaluated. The results indicate that CPP increased the extraction yield, total sugar content, and molar ratios of sulfate/fucose of fucoidan and decreased molecular weight and impurities of fucoidan...
December 29, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
R Senthilkumar, D M Reddy Prasad, L Govindarajan, K Saravanakumar, B S Naveen Prasad
The present work explored biosorption of Zn(II) ions from aqueous and zinc-bearing factory effluent using marine seaweed Ulva lactuca. The batch pH edge experiments using aqueous zinc solution indicated that Zn(II) uptake by U. lactuca was found to be maximum at pH 4.5 and the batch isotherm trials performed at pH 4.5 resulted in maximum uptake capacity of 128.0 mg Zn(II)/g. With 0.1 M CaCl2 (pH 3.5, HCl) as elutant, the elution of Zn(II) ions from Zn(II)-laden U. lactuca biosorbent was effective with possible regeneration and reuse for three cycles...
December 29, 2017: Environmental Technology
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