keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Hispanic

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241156/incidence-of-cutaneous-malignant-melanoma-in-iranian-provinces-and-american-states-matched-on-ultraviolet-radiation-exposure-an-ecologic-study
#1
Roxana Moslehi, Nur Zeinomar, Francis P Boscoe
OBJECTIVES: Ultraviolet radiation (UVR), with UVB and UVA as the relevant components, is a risk factor for melanoma. Complete ascertainment and registration of melanoma in Iran was conducted in five provinces (Ardabil, Golestan, Mazandaran, Gilan and Kerman) during 1996-2000. The aim of our study was to compare population-based incidence data from these provinces with rates in the United States (US) while standardizing ambient UVR. METHODS: Population-based rates representing all incident cases of melanoma (1996-2000) across the five Iranian provinces were compared to rates of melanoma among white non-Hispanics in the US...
December 11, 2017: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241104/the-relationship-between-self-compassion-and-the-risk-for-substance-use-disorder
#2
Cynthia L Phelps, Samantha M Paniagua, Irmgard U Willcockson, Jennifer S Potter
OBJECTIVE: This study explored the relationship between substance use disorder risk and self-compassion and posits a model for how the two are related through the mitigation of suffering. METHOD: Study participants were recruited using social media to complete an online survey that included a basic socio-demographic survey and two validated instruments, the Self-Compassion Survey and the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA) Alcohol Smoking and Substance Involvement Screening Test (ASSIST), which screens for substance use disorder (SUD) risk...
December 8, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241081/does-misuse-lead-to-a-disorder-the-misuse-of-prescription-tranquilizer-and-sedative-medications-and-subsequent-substance-use-disorders-in-a-u-s-longitudinal-sample
#3
C J Boyd, B West, S E McCabe
OBJECTIVES: We used two waves of National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions (NESARC) data and examined whether the misuse of prescription tranquilizers or sedatives at Wave 1 was associated with either continued misuse, tranquilizer/sedative use disorder, or other substance use disorder (SUD) at Wave 2. METHODS: Prospective data were analyzed from structured diagnostic interviews using the Alcohol Use disorders and Associated Disabilities Interview Schedule: DSM-IV Version (AUDADIS-DSM-IV)...
November 28, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240536/dementia-awareness-campaign-in-the-latino-community-a-novel-community-engagement-pilot-training-program-with-promotoras
#4
Nusha Askari, Ann Choryan Bilbrey, Iliana Garcia Ruiz, Marika Blair Humber, Dolores Gallagher-Thompson
OBJECTIVES: To create a curriculum about Alzheimer's disease and dementia, and to train Promotoras affiliated with a local community education and health advocacy organization, in order to raise awareness and knowledge of what dementia is, and how it can be recognized, in persons of Hispanic/Latino descent. METHODS: Community based participatory research (CPBR) model was used to create materials, implement training, and engage/empower Promotoras to educate the local community...
November 21, 2017: Clinical Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239060/prevalence-and-predictors-of-depression-pain-and-fatigue-in-older-versus-younger-adult-cancer-survivors
#5
Lisa A Bevilacqua, Deirdre Dulak, Elizabeth Schofield, Tatiana D Starr, Christian J Nelson, Andrew J Roth, Jimmie C Holland, Yesne Alici
BACKGROUND: As the number of older adults in the United States continues to grow, there will be increasing demands on health care providers to address the needs of this population. Cancer is of particular importance, with over half of all cancer survivors over age 65. In addition, depression, pain, and fatigue are concerns for older adults with cancer and have been linked to poorer physical outcomes. METHODS: For this retrospective chart review, 1012 eligible participants were identified via a query of the Electronic Medical Record for all patients referred to one of four Survivorship Clinics at Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center...
December 14, 2017: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238907/race-ethnicity-and-behavioral-health-status-first-arrest-and-outcomes-in-a-large-sample-of-juvenile-offenders
#6
Katherine S L Lau, Marc B Rosenman, Sarah E Wiehe, Wanzhu Tu, Matthew C Aalsma
The objective of this study was to assess the simultaneous effects of gender, race/ethnicity, and pre-arrest behavioral health (BH) service-use on age at first arrest, and first arrest outcomes. Between January 2004 and December 2011, arrest and medical records were collected on a retrospective longitudinal cohort of 12,476 first-time offenders, ages 8-18 years. Black youth were arrested at younger ages than white or Hispanic youth. Youth with psychiatric problems were arrested at younger ages than youth with substance-use, dual-diagnoses, or no BH problems...
December 13, 2017: Journal of Behavioral Health Services & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238798/association-between-hypercoagulable-conditions-and-calciphylaxis-in-patients-with-renal-disease-a-case-control-study
#7
Allison S Dobry, Lauren N Ko, Jessica St John, J Mark Sloan, Sagar Nigwekar, Daniela Kroshinsky
Importance: Calciphylaxis is a rare skin disease with high morbidity and mortality that frequently affects patients with renal disease. Hypercoagulable conditions are frequently observed in both patients with calciphylaxis and those with chronic kidney disease (CKD), complicating our understanding of which hypercoagulable conditions are specific to calciphylaxis. Objective: To identify hypercoagulable conditions that are risk factors for developing calciphylaxis while controlling for CKD...
December 13, 2017: JAMA Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238640/high-risk-subgroup-membership-is-a-predictor-of-30-day-morbidity-following-anterior-lumbar-fusion
#8
Rachel S Bronheim, Jun S Kim, John Di Capua, Nathan J Lee, Parth Kothari, Sulaiman Somani, Kevin Phan, Samuel K Cho
Study Design: Retrospective cohort study. Objective: To determine if membership in a high-risk subgroup is predictive of morbidity and mortality following anterior lumbar fusion (ALF). Methods: The American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program database was utilized to identify patients undergoing ALF between 2010 and 2014. Multivariate analysis was utilized to identify high-risk subgroup membership as an independent predictor of postoperative complications...
December 2017: Global Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237744/change-in-cognitive-function-in-the-month-after-hospitalization-for-acute-coronary-syndromes-findings-from-trace-core-transition-risks-and-actions-in-coronary-events-center-for-outcomes-research-and-education
#9
Jane S Saczynski, David D McManus, Molly E Waring, Darleen Lessard, Milena D Anatchkova, Jerry H Gurwitz, Jeroan Allison, Arlene S Ash, Richard H McManus, David C Parish, Robert J Goldberg, Catarina I Kiefe
BACKGROUND: Cognitive function is often impaired during hospitalization, but whether this impairment resolves or persists after discharge is unknown. METHODS AND RESULTS: We enrolled (April 2011-May 2013) and interviewed during hospitalization and 1-month post-discharge 1521 nondemented acute coronary syndrome survivors enrolled in TRACE (Transitions, Risks and Actions in Coronary Events). Cognitive function was assessed using the Telephone Interview of Cognitive Status (range: 0-41) at both time points...
December 2017: Circulation. Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237717/particulate-matter-air-pollution-exposure-and-heart-disease-mortality-risks-by-race-and-ethnicity-in-the-united-states-1997-2009-nhis-with-mortality-followup-through-2011
#10
Jennifer D Parker, Nataliya Kravets, Ambarish Vaidyanathan
Background -Most U.S. studies of mortality and air pollution have been conducted on largely non-Hispanic white study populations. However, many health and mortality outcomes differ by race and ethnicity, and non-Hispanic white persons experience lower air pollution exposures than those who are non-Hispanic black or Hispanic. This study examines whether associations between air pollution and heart disease mortality differ by race/ethnicity. Methods -We used data from the 1997-2009 National Health Interview Survey linked to mortality records through December 2011 and annual estimates of fine particulate matter (PM2...
December 13, 2017: Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237686/toward-genetics-driven-early-intervention-in-dilated-cardiomyopathy-design-and-implementation-of-the-dcm-precision-medicine-study
#11
REVIEW
Daniel D Kinnamon, Ana Morales, Deborah J Bowen, Wylie Burke, Ray E Hershberger
BACKGROUND: The cause of idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) is unknown by definition, but its familial subtype is considered to have a genetic component. We hypothesize that most idiopathic DCM, whether familial or nonfamilial, has a genetic basis, in which case a genetics-driven approach to identifying at-risk family members for clinical screening and early intervention could reduce morbidity and mortality. METHODS: On the basis of this hypothesis, we have launched the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute- and National Human Genome Research Institute-funded DCM Precision Medicine Study, which aims to enroll 1300 individuals (600 non-Hispanic African ancestry, 600 non-Hispanic European ancestry, and 100 Hispanic) who meet rigorous clinical criteria for idiopathic DCM along with 2600 of their relatives...
December 2017: Circulation. Cardiovascular Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237590/nativity-status-and-cardiovascular-disease-mortality-among-hispanic-adults
#12
Fatima Rodriguez, Katherine G Hastings, Jiaqi Hu, Lenny Lopez, Mark Cullen, Robert A Harrington, Latha P Palaniappan
BACKGROUND: Hispanic persons represent a heterogeneous and growing population of any race with origins in Mexico, the Caribbean, Central America, South America, or other Spanish-speaking countries. Previous studies have documented variation in cardiovascular risk and outcomes among Hispanic subgroups. Few studies have investigated whether these patterns vary by nativity status among Hispanic subgroups. METHODS AND RESULTS: We used the National Center for Health Statistics mortality file to compare deaths of Hispanic (n=1 258 229) and non-Hispanic white (n=18 149 774) adults (aged ≥25 years) from 2003 to 2012...
December 13, 2017: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237577/randomized-controlled-trials-of-technology-based-hiv-sti-and-drug-abuse-preventive-interventions-for-african-american-and-hispanic-youth-systematic-review
#13
REVIEW
David Córdova, Frania Mendoza Lua, Lauretta Ovadje, Ethan Hong, Berenice Castillo, Christopher P Salas-Wright
BACKGROUND: HIV/sexually transmitted infections (STIs) and drug abuse remain significant public health concerns in the United States, and African American and Hispanic youth are disproportionately affected. Although technology-based interventions are efficacious in preventing and reducing HIV/STI and licit/illicit drug use behaviors, relatively little is known regarding the state of the science of these interventions among African American and Hispanic youth. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this review is to identify and examine randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of technology-based HIV/STI and/or drug abuse preventive interventions for African American and Hispanic youth...
December 13, 2017: JMIR Public Health and Surveillance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237513/features-of-illnesses-caused-by-five-species-of-campylobacter-foodborne-diseases-active-surveillance-network-foodnet-2010-2015
#14
M E Patrick, O L Henao, T Robinson, A L Geissler, A Cronquist, S Hanna, S Hurd, F Medalla, J Pruckler, B E Mahon
The Foodborne Diseases Active Surveillance Network (FoodNet) conducts population-based surveillance for Campylobacter infection. For 2010 through 2015, we compared patients with Campylobacter jejuni with patients with infections caused by other Campylobacter species. Campylobacter coli patients were more often >40 years of age (OR = 1·4), Asian (OR = 2·3), or Black (OR = 1·7), and more likely to live in an urban area (OR = 1·2), report international travel (OR = 1·5), and have infection in autumn or winter (OR = 1·2)...
December 14, 2017: Epidemiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237342/racial-ethnic-disparities-in-late-stage-colorectal-cancer-among-hispanics-and-non-hispanic-whites-of-new-mexico
#15
Melissa Gonzales, Fares Qeadan, Shiraz I Mishra, Ashwani Rajput, Richard M Hoffman
INTRODUCTION: Hispanics in New Mexico are diagnosed with more later-stage colorectal cancer (CRC) than non-Hispanic Whites (NHW). Our study evaluated the interaction of race/ethnicity and risk factors for later-stage III and IV CRC among patients in New Mexico. METHOD: CRC patients ages 30 to 75 years ( n = 163, 46% Hispanic) completed a survey on key explanatory clinical, lifestyle, preventive health, and demographic variables for CRC risk. Adjusted logistic regression models examined whether these variables differentially contributed to later-stage CRC among NHW versus Hispanics...
December 2017: Hispanic Health Care International: the Official Journal of the National Association of Hispanic Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236621/helping-hispanic-dementia-caregivers-cope-with-stress-using-technology-based-resources
#16
Bruno Kajiyama, Gerardo Fernandez, Elizabeth A Carter, Marika B Humber, Larry W Thompson
OBJECTIVES: The objectives of this study were to develop and evaluate a culturally appropriate intervention for Hispanic/Latino caregivers of individuals with dementia, using a structured online program without professional involvement to improve well-being, decrease stress, and reduce depression. METHODS: The Webnovela Mirela, an online Spanish-language telenovela, was designed specifically to teach caregivers how to cope with dementia caregiving. A prototype of Webnovela Mirela was tested in a pilot study with 25 Hispanic/Latino dementia caregivers, 19 of whom completed the study...
September 15, 2017: Clinical Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236527/paradoxical-effects-of-intranasal-oxytocin-on-trust-in-inpatient-and-community-adolescents
#17
Amanda Venta, Carolyn Ha, Salome Vanwoerden, Elizabeth Newlin, Lane Strathearn, Carla Sharp
Research suggests that oxytocin, a neuropeptide implicated in attachment, is a promising clinical tool because it increases affiliation and attachment behaviors, which are reduced in a range of psychiatric disorders. Oxytocin has been recommended as a psychiatric treatment for adolescents, but this remains largely unstudied. Skepticism is warranted, based on mixed findings in adults and absence of data across development. The objective of this study was to examine the effect of intranasal oxytocin on attachment-related and non-attachment-related trust in an interactive game, determining how this effect differs among inpatient adolescents and healthy controls and whether this effect is moderated by attachment security...
December 13, 2017: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236236/the-co-evolution-of-bullying-perpetration-homophobic-teasing-and-a-school-friendship-network
#18
Gabriel J Merrin, Kayla de la Haye, Dorothy L Espelage, Brett Ewing, Joan S Tucker, Matthew Hoover, Harold D Green
Bullying and homophobic teasing behaviors affect the lives of many school aged children, often co-occur, and tend to peak in middle school. While bullying and homophobic teasing behaviors are known to be peer group phenomena, studies typically examine the associations at the individual or school levels. An examination of these behaviors at the peer group level can aid in our understanding of the formation and maintenance of peer groups that engage in these forms of aggressive behavior (selection), and the extent to which friends and the peer group impact individual rates of these aggressive behaviors (influence)...
December 13, 2017: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235985/deaths-final-data-for-2015
#19
Sherry L Murphy, Jiaquan Xu, Kenneth D Kochanek, Sally C Curtin, Elizabeth Arias
Objectives-This report presents final 2015 data on U.S. deaths, death rates, life expectancy, infant mortality, and trends, by selected characteristics such as age, sex, Hispanic origin and race, state of residence, and cause of death. Methods-Information reported on death certificates, which are completed by funeral directors, attending physicians, medical examiners, and coroners, is presented in descriptive tabulations. The original records are filed in state registration offices. Statistical information is compiled in a national database through the Vital Statistics Cooperative Program of the National Center for Health Statistics...
November 2017: National Vital Statistics Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235984/deaths-leading-causes-for-2015
#20
Melonie Heron
Objectives-This report presents final 2015 data on the 10 leading causes of death in the United States by age, sex, race, and Hispanic origin. Leading causes of infant, neonatal, and postneonatal death are also presented. This report supplements "Deaths: Final Data for 2015," the National Center for Health Statistics' annual report of final mortality statistics. Methods-Data in this report are based on information from all death certificates filed in the 50 states and the District of Columbia in 2015. Causes of death classified by the International Classification of Diseases, Tenth Revision (ICD-10) are ranked according to the number of deaths assigned to rankable causes...
November 2017: National Vital Statistics Reports
keyword
keyword
25704
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"