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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092072/public-sector-employment-inequality-in-the-united-states-and-the-great-recession
#1
Jennifer Laird
Historically in the United States, the public sector has served as an equalizing institution through the expansion of job opportunities for minority workers. This study examines whether the public sector continues to serve as an equalizing institution in the aftermath of the Great Recession. Using data from the Current Population Survey, I investigate changes in public sector employment between 2003 and 2013. My results point to a post-recession double disadvantage for black public sector workers: they are concentrated in a shrinking sector of the economy, and they are more likely than white and Hispanic public sector workers to experience job loss...
January 13, 2017: Demography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092071/explaining-the-immigrant-health-advantage-self-selection-and-protection-in-health-related-factors-among-five-major-national-origin-immigrant-groups-in-the-united-states
#2
Fernando Riosmena, Randall Kuhn, Warren C Jochem
Despite being newcomers, immigrants often exhibit better health relative to native-born populations in industrialized societies. We extend prior efforts to identify whether self-selection and/or protection explain this advantage. We examine migrant height and smoking levels just prior to immigration to test for self-selection; and we analyze smoking behavior since immigration, controlling for self-selection, to assess protection. We study individuals aged 20-49 from five major national origins: India, China, the Philippines, Mexico, and the Dominican Republic...
January 13, 2017: Demography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092060/parenting-self-efficacy-parent-depression-and-healthy-childhood-behaviors-in-a-low-income-minority-population-a-cross-sectional-analysis
#3
William J Heerman, Julie Lounds Taylor, Kenneth A Wallston, Shari L Barkin
Objectives Childhood obesity prevention and treatment depends, in part, on parents acting as agents of change for their children. Our objective was to measure the associations between parenting self-efficacy, parent depressive symptoms, and preschool child behaviors that support healthy growth. Methods We performed a cross-sectional analysis of baseline data from a randomized controlled trial. Parenting self-efficacy was measured using a 5-item version of the Parenting Sense of Competence (PSOC-5) scale (α= 0...
January 13, 2017: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092059/the-effects-of-race-and-ethnicity-on-the-risk-of-large-for-gestational-age-newborns-in-women-without-gestational-diabetes-by-prepregnancy-body-mass-index-categories
#4
Nhial T Tutlam, Yun Liu, Erik J Nelson, Louise H Flick, Jen Jen Chang
Objectives Children born large for gestational age (LGA) are at risk of numerous adverse outcomes. While the racial/ethnic disparity in LGA risk has been studied among women with Gestational Diabetes Mellitus (GDM), the independent effect of race on LGA risk by maternal prepregnancy BMI is still unclear among women without GDM. Therefore, the objective of this study was to assess the association between maternal race/ethnicity and LGA among women without GDM. Methods This was a population-based cohort study of 2,842,278 singleton births using 2012 U...
January 13, 2017: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092058/sub-regional-assessment-of-hpv-vaccination-among-female-adolescents-in-the-intermountain-west-and-implications-for-intervention-opportunities
#5
Julia Bodson, Qian Ding, Echo L Warner, Amy J Hawkins, Kevin A Henry, Deanna Kepka
Objectives We investigated the similarities and differences in the factors related to human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination of female adolescents in three sub-regions of the Intermountain West (IW). Methods We analyzed 2011-2012 National Immunization Survey-Teen data. Respondents (parents) who were living in the IW and who had daughters aged 13-17 years old with provider-verified immunization records were included in our analyses. East, Central, and West sub-regions were defined based on geographic contiguity and similarity in HPV vaccination rates and sociodemographic characteristics...
January 13, 2017: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090672/a-powerful-statistical-framework-for-generalization-testing-in-gwas-with-application-to-the-hchs-sol
#6
Tamar Sofer, Ruth Heller, Marina Bogomolov, Christy L Avery, Mariaelisa Graff, Kari E North, Alex P Reiner, Timothy A Thornton, Kenneth Rice, Yoav Benjamini, Cathy C Laurie, Kathleen F Kerr
In genome-wide association studies (GWAS), "generalization" is the replication of genotype-phenotype association in a population with different ancestry than the population in which it was first identified. Current practices for declaring generalizations rely on testing associations while controlling the family-wise error rate (FWER) in the discovery study, then separately controlling error measures in the follow-up study. This approach does not guarantee control over the FWER or false discovery rate (FDR) of the generalization null hypotheses...
January 15, 2017: Genetic Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090233/hispanic-patient-perspectives-of-the-physician-s-role-in-obesity-management
#7
Colton Ragsdale, Justin Wright, Gurjeet Shokar, Rebekah Salaiz, Navkiran K Shokar
BACKGROUND: Little is known concerning Hispanic patients' perceptions about the role of the physician in obesity management. This study seeks to describe the perspectives of Hispanic patients toward weight loss, and what they believe their doctor's role should be in the management of obesity. METHODS: A cross-sectional study utilizing semi-structured interviews was conducted in a university-based family medicine clinic. Open-ended questions explored beliefs about the relationship between weight and health, previous weight loss experience, perceptions about the role of the physician in weight loss, past experiences with their physician, and preferences for how a physician could help facilitate weight loss...
February 2017: Journal of Clinical Medicine Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090227/symptomatic-gallstones-in-the-young-changing-trends-of-the-gallstone-disease-related-hospitalization-in-the-state-of-new-york-1996-2010
#8
Sridhar Chilimuri, Vinaya Gaduputi, Hassan Tariq, Suresh Nayudu, Trupti Vakde, Mariela Glandt, Harish Patel
BACKGROUND: The aim of the study was to evaluate if the gallstone-related hospitalizations in the young (< 20 years of age) have increased over time in both the Bronx County and New York State as a whole. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 15 years (1996 - 2010) of Statewide Planning and Research Cooperative System (SPARCS) data of New York State Department of Health. Patients with ICD-9 code diagnosis of 574 (cholelithiasis) among the first three discharge diagnoses were reviewed...
February 2017: Journal of Clinical Medicine Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090073/a-case-of-miller-fisher-syndrome-thromboembolic-disease-and-angioedema-association-or-coincidence
#9
Nooshin Salehi, Eric D Choi, Roger C Garrison
BACKGROUND Miller Fisher Syndrome is characterized by the clinical triad of ophthalmoplegia, ataxia, and areflexia, and is considered to be a variant of Guillain-Barre Syndrome. Miller Fisher Syndrome is observed in approximately 1-5% of all Guillain-Barre cases in Western countries. Patients with Miller Fisher Syndrome usually have good recovery without residual deficits. Venous thromboembolism is a common complication of Guillain-Barre Syndrome and has also been reported in Miller Fisher Syndrome, but it has generally been reported in the presence of at least one prothrombotic risk factor such as immobility...
January 16, 2017: American Journal of Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089648/diabetes-and-cardiorenal-syndrome-understanding-the-triple-threat
#10
Srikanta Banerjee, Raymond Panas
INTRODUCTION: Diabetes is known to be associated with chronic kidney disease (CKD) and cardiovascular disease (CVD) independently. Type 2 cardiorenal syndrome (CRS), a recently defined syndrome, is characterized by a primary renal failure that progressively leads to cardiac dysfunction. The effect of diabetes on cardiorenal syndrome has not been explored in a multi-ethnic population. In this retrospective secondary analysis the hypothesis was tested if diabetes modifies the effect of CVD on CKD...
January 9, 2017: Hellenic Journal of Cardiology: HJC, Hellēnikē Kardiologikē Epitheōrēsē
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088874/a-clinical-validation-of-self-reported-periodontitis-among-participants-in-the-black-women-s-health-study
#11
Brenda Heaton, Nicholas B Gordon, Raul I Garcia, Lynn Rosenberg, Sharron Rich, Matthew P Fox, Yvette C Cozier
BACKGROUND: There is a paucity of data on the validity of self-report of periodontal disease in African Americans. The Black Women's Health Study, a US national cohort study of 59,000 Black women followed via mailed questionnaires since 1995, offered the opportunity to clinically validate self-reported periodontitis among a sample of participants. METHODS: Oral health questionnaires were sent to study participants residing in Massachusetts. Respondents living in the Boston metro area were invited for clinical examination...
January 15, 2017: Journal of Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088755/hispanic-mothers-beliefs-regarding-hpv-vaccine-series-completion-in-their-adolescent-daughters
#12
A M Roncancio, K K Ward, C C Carmack, B T Muñoz, F L Cribbs
Rates of human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine series completion among adolescent Hispanic females in Texas in 2014 (∼39%) lag behind the Healthy People 2020 goal (80%). This qualitative study identifies Hispanic mothers' salient behavioral, normative and control beliefs regarding having their adolescent daughters complete the vaccine series. Thirty-two mothers of girls (aged 11-17) that had received at least one dose of the HPV vaccine, completed in-depth interviews. Six girls had received one dose of the HPV vaccine, 10 girls had received two doses, and 16 girls had received all three doses...
January 14, 2017: Health Education Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088741/prevalence-and-correlates-of-fentanyl-contaminated-heroin-exposure-among-young-adults-who-use-prescription-opioids-non-medically
#13
Alexandria Macmadu, Jennifer J Carroll, Scott E Hadland, Traci C Green, Brandon D L Marshall
BACKGROUND: The rate of overdose deaths caused by fentanyl-contaminated heroin (FCH) use is increasing rapidly in the United States. We examined risk factors for exposure to FCH and experiences with FCH use among young adult non-medical prescription opioids (NMPO) users. METHODS: We analyzed data from the Rhode Island Young Adult Prescription Drug Study (RAPiDS), which enrolled young adults aged 18 to 29 reporting prior 30day NMPO use between January 2015 and February 2016...
January 6, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088505/gaps-in-the-public-s-knowledge-about-chronic-pain-representative-sample-of-hispanic-residents-from-five-states
#14
Barbara J Turner, Yuanyuan Liang, Natalia Rodriguez, Melissa A Valerio, Andrea Rochat, Jennifer S Potter, Paula Winkler
: Educating the general public about chronic pain and its care is a national health priority. We evaluated knowledge, attitudes, and beliefs (KAB) of a five-state, population-based sample of Hispanics aged 35-75 without chronic pain, representing over 8.8 million persons. A web-based survey assessed KAB using an adapted version of the Survey of Pain Attitudes-Brief and self-reported knowledge about chronic pain (nothing, a little, a lot). In unweighted analyses of participants (n=346), mean age was 52...
January 11, 2017: Journal of Pain: Official Journal of the American Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088381/long-term-neurobehavioral-symptoms-and-return-to-productivity-in-operation-enduring-freedom-operation-iraqi-freedom-veterans-with-and-without-traumatic-brain-injury
#15
Marianne H Mortera, Stacy A Kinirons, Jessie Simantov, Heidi Klingbeil
OBJECTIVES: To describe Operation Enduring Freedom/Operation Iraqi Freedom (OEF/OIF) Veterans who underwent the Comprehensive Traumatic Brain Injury Evaluation (CTBIE), differences between the traumatic brain injury (TBI) and non- traumatic brain injury (non-TBI) subgroups, and factors associated with return to productivity (RTP). DESIGN: Retrospective medical record review. SETTING: Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Polytrauma/TBI Network Site...
January 11, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088219/the-unhealthy-food-environment-does-not-modify-the-association-between-obesity-and-participation-in-the-supplemental-nutrition-assistance-program-snap-in-los-angeles-county
#16
M Pia Chaparro, Gail G Harrison, May C Wang, Edmund Y W Seto, Anne R Pebley
BACKGROUND: Participation in the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) has been linked to an increased risk of obesity, but not much is known about the mechanisms behind this association. The objective of this study was to determine if the neighborhood density of unhealthy food outlets modifies the association between obesity and participation in SNAP. METHODS: Data comes from the first wave of the Los Angeles Family and Neighborhood Survey; included are a subsample of adults (18+ years) who were SNAP participants or eligible non-participants (N = 1,176)...
January 14, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087793/race-ethnicity-and-health-related-quality-of-life-among-lgbt-older-adults
#17
Hyun-Jun Kim, Sarah Jen, Karen I Fredriksen-Goldsen
PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: Few existing studies have addressed racial/ethnic differences in the health and quality of life of lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) older adults. Guided by the Health Equity Promotion Model, this study examines health-promoting and health risk factors that contribute to racial/ethnic health disparities among LGBT adults aged 50 and older. DESIGN AND METHODS: We utilized weighted survey data from Aging with Pride: National Health, Aging, and Sexuality/Gender Study...
February 2017: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087523/use-of-acupuncture-in-the-usa-changes-over-a-decade-2002-2012
#18
Jia Cui, Shaobai Wang, Jiehui Ren, Jun Zhang, Jun Jing
BACKGROUND: The use of acupuncture has gained popularity in the USA. The number of acupuncture users and licensed acupuncturists increased by 50% and 100%, respectively, between 2002 and 2012, coinciding with increasing acknowledgement of the importance and efficacy of acupuncture over this time period. METHODS: This paper presents new findings from the complementary health approaches section of the 2012 National Health Interview Survey (n=33 373 respondents)...
January 13, 2017: Acupuncture in Medicine: Journal of the British Medical Acupuncture Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087414/consumption-of-low-calorie-sweeteners-among-children-and-adults-in-the-united-states
#19
Allison C Sylvetsky, Yichen Jin, Elena J Clark, Jean A Welsh, Kristina I Rother, Sameera A Talegawkar
BACKGROUND: Consumption of low-calorie sweeteners (LCSs) has increased markedly during the past several decades, yet the prevalence of LCS consumption in recent years is currently unknown. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to describe LCS consumption in the United States and to characterize consumption by sociodemographic subgroups, source, frequency, eating occasion, and location. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study using National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey data from 2009 to 2012...
January 6, 2017: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086983/mailed-hpv-self-sampling-for-cervical-cancer-screening-among-underserved-minority-women-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#20
Erin Kobetz, Julia Seay, Anthony Amofah, Larry Pierre, Jordan Baeker Bispo, Dinah Trevil, Martha Gonzalez, Martine Poitevien, Tulay Koru-Sengul, Olveen Carrasquillo
BACKGROUND: Underserved ethnic minority women experience significant disparities in cervical cancer incidence and mortality, mainly due to lack of cervical cancer screening. Barriers to Pap smear screening include lack of knowledge, lack of health insurance and access, and cultural beliefs regarding disease prevention. In our previous SUCCESS trial, we demonstrated that HPV self-sampling delivered by a community health worker (CHW) is efficacious in circumventing these barriers. This approach increased screening uptake relative to navigation to Pap smear screening...
January 13, 2017: Trials
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