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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544478/the-protective-role-of-physical-activity-on-type-2-diabetes-an-analysis-of-effect-modification-by-race-ethnicity
#1
William R Boyer, James R Churilla, Samantha F Ehrlich, Scott E Crouter, Lyndsey M Hornbuckle, Eugene C Fitzhugh
BACKGROUND: It is well known physical activity (PA) plays a role in the prevention of type 2 diabetes (T2D). However, the extent to which PA may impact T2D risk among different race-ethnic groups is unknown. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to systematically examine the effect modification of race-ethnicity on PA and T2D. METHODS: PubMed and Embase databases were systematically searched through June 2016. Study assessment for inclusion was conducted in three phases: 1) title review (N = 13,022), 2) abstract review (N = 2,200), and 3) full text review (N = 265)...
May 24, 2017: Journal of Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28543373/acss2-gene-variant-associated-with-cleft-lip-and-palate-in-two-independent-hispanic-populations
#2
Sonam Dodhia, Katrina Celis, Alana Aylward, Yi Cai, Maria E Fontana, Alberto Trespalacios, David C Hoffman, Henry Ostos Alfonso, Sidney B Eisig, Gloria H Su, Wendy K Chung, Joseph Haddad
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: A candidate variant (p.Val496Ala) of the ACSS2 gene (T > C missense, rs59088485 variant at chr20: bp37 33509608) was previously found to consistently segregate with nonsyndromic cleft lip and/or palate (NSCLP) in three Honduran families. Objectives of this study were 1) to investigate the frequency of this ACSS2 variant in Honduran unrelated NSCLP patients and unrelated unaffected controls and 2) to investigate the frequency of this variant in Colombian unrelated affected NSCLP patients and unrelated unaffected controls...
May 23, 2017: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28543029/temporal-trends-in-craniometric-estimates-of-admixture-for-a-modern-american-sample
#3
Bridget F B Algee-Hewitt
OBJECTIVES: Temporal trends in craniometric estimates of admixture are investigated for three U.S. populations in the FDB. Patterns of association between birth years and posterior probabilities of cluster membership are identified to assess how these proportions of admixture have changed over recent time. Demographic and genetic data correlates, patterns of morphological expression, and shifts in source populations are evaluated. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Estimates of three-way admixture were obtained for 1,521 individuals of documented population, sex, and birth years that span the 20th century...
May 24, 2017: American Journal of Physical Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542893/the-burden-of-rare-cancers-in-the-united-states
#4
Carol E DeSantis, Joan L Kramer, Ahmedin Jemal
There are limited published data on the burden of rare cancers in the United States. By using data from the North American Association of Central Cancer Registries and the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results program, the authors provide information on incidence rates, stage at diagnosis, and survival for more than 100 rare cancers (defined as an incidence of fewer than 6 cases per 100,000 individuals per year) in the United States. Overall, approximately 20% of patients with cancer in the United States are diagnosed with a rare cancer...
May 19, 2017: CA: a Cancer Journal for Clinicians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542734/cost-related-medication-nonadherence-among-adolescent-and-young-adult-cancer-survivors
#5
Sapna Kaul, Jaqueline C Avila, Hemalkumar B Mehta, Ana M Rodriguez, Yong-Fang Kuo, Anne C Kirchhoff
BACKGROUND: This study investigated cost-related medication nonadherence among survivors of adolescent and young adult cancer and a comparison group in the United States. METHODS: A cross-sectional analysis of the 2013 to 2015 National Health Interview Survey was performed. N=953 patients who were diagnosed with cancer between the ages of 15 and 39 years were identified, and a comparison group was created using propensity scores. Cost-related medication nonadherence was determined by individuals' report of skipping medication, taking less medication, or delaying filling medication to save money in the previous year...
May 23, 2017: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542099/examining-healthcare-segregation-among-racial-and-ethnic-minorities-receiving-spine-surgical-procedures-in-the-state-of-florida
#6
Andrew J Schoenfeld, Tajdip Sandhu, Daniel J Sturgeon, Kenneth Nwosu, Christopher M Bono
STUDY DESIGN: This was a retrospective review of the Florida Inpatient Dataset (2011-2014). SBJECTIVE: To examine healthcare segregation among African American and Hispanic patients treated with one of four common spine surgical procedures. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Racial and ethnic minorities are known to be at increased risk of adverse events following spine surgery. Healthcare segregation has been proposed as a source for these disparities, but has not been systematically examined for patients undergoing spine surgery...
May 24, 2017: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541868/perceptions-of-harm-to-children-exposed-to-secondhand-aerosol-from-electronic-vapor-products-styles-survey-2015
#7
Kimberly H Nguyen, Van T Tong, Kristy Marynak, Brian A King
INTRODUCTION: The US Surgeon General has concluded that e-cigarette aerosol is not harmless and can contain harmful and potentially harmful chemicals, including nicotine. We assessed factors associated with adults' perceptions of harm related to children's exposure to secondhand aerosol from electronic vapor products (EVPs). METHODS: Data came from the 2015 Styles, an Internet panel survey of US adults aged 18 years or older (n = 4,127). Respondents were asked whether they believe aerosol from other people's EVPs causes children harm...
May 25, 2017: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541816/influences-of-socio-demographic-factors-and-health-utilization-factors-on-patient-centered-provider-communication
#8
Shipra Singh, Na'Tasha Evans, Monica Williams, Nilgun Sezginis, Nana Ama Kwarteng Baryeh
Patient-centered care has been documented as a measure of quality of health care and has been associated with positive health outcomes. However, the effect of health utilization on improving patient-centered communication has not been investigated. This study examined the effect of three important kinds of health utilization: routine check-up, frequency of provider visits in the last year, and quality of health care to patient-centered provider communication. Cross-sectional data from 3,608 respondents to Health Information National Trends Survey-Cycle 4 2014 were analyzed...
May 25, 2017: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541384/hispanic-segregation-and-poor-health-it-s-not-just-black-and-white
#9
D Phuong Do, Reanne Frank, Cheng Zheng, John Iceland
Despite the importance of understanding the fundamental determinants of Hispanic health, few studies have investigated how metropolitan segregation shapes the health of the fastest growing population in the U.S. Using the 2006-2013 National Health Interview Survey, we 1) examined the relationship between Hispanic metropolitan segregation and respondent-rated health for U.S. and foreign-born Hispanics and 2) assessed whether neighborhood poverty mediates this relationship. Results indicated that segregation has a consistent, detrimental effect on the health of U...
May 24, 2017: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540571/peer-victimization-and-unhealthy-weight-control-behaviors-the-role-of-intersecting-identities-among-new-york-city-youth
#10
Kriti Thapa, Elizabeth A Kelvin
We investigated the intersection of sexual minority, gender, and Hispanic identities, and their interaction with peer victimization in predicting unhealthy weight control behaviors (UWCB) among New York City (NYC) youths. Using logistic regression with data from the 2011 NYC Youth Risk Behavior Survey, we examined the association of sexual identity, gender, ethnicity, and peer victimization (dating violence, bullying at school, electronic bullying) in predicting UWCB. Sexual minority youths, dating violence victims, and youths bullied at school had 1...
May 24, 2017: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540562/comparison-of-home-based-oral-fluid-rapid-hiv-self-testing-versus-mail-in-blood-sample-collection-or-medical-community-hiv-testing-by-young-adult-black-hispanic-and-white-msm-results-from-a-randomized-trial
#11
Roland C Merchant, Melissa A Clark, Tao Liu, Justin Romanoff, Joshua G Rosenberger, Jose Bauermeister, Kenneth H Mayer
We aimed to determine in a randomized trial if young adult black, Hispanic, and white men-who-have-sex-with-men (YMSM) are more likely to complete home-based oral fluid rapid HIV self-testing than either mail-in blood sample collection or medical facility/community organization-based HIV testing. Stratified by race/ethnicity, participants were randomly assigned to use a free oral fluid rapid HIV self-test (n = 142), a free mail-in blood sample collection HIV test (n = 142), or be tested at a medical facility/community organization of their choice (n = 141)...
May 24, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540287/it-s-a-process-reactions-to-hiv-diagnosis-and-engagement-in-hiv-care-among-high-risk-heterosexuals
#12
Alexandra H Kutnick, Marya Viorst Gwadz, Charles M Cleland, Noelle R Leonard, Robert Freeman, Amanda S Ritchie, Talaya McCright-Gill, Kathy Ha, Belkis Y Martinez
After HIV diagnosis, heterosexuals in high-poverty urban areas evidence delays in linkage to care and antiretroviral therapy initiation compared to other groups. Yet barriers to/facilitators of HIV care among these high-risk heterosexuals are understudied. Under the theory of triadic influence, putative barriers to HIV care engagement include individual/attitudinal-level (e.g., fear, medical distrust), social-level (e.g., stigma), and structural-level influences (e.g., poor access). Participants were African-American/Black and Hispanic adults found newly diagnosed with HIV (N = 25) as part of a community-based HIV testing study with heterosexuals in a high-poverty, high-HIV-incidence urban area...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540161/choctaw-nation-youth-sun-exposure-survey
#13
Dorothy A Rhoades, Martina Hawkins, Barbara Norton, Dannielle Branam, Tamela K Cannady, Justin Dvorak, Kai Ding, Ardis L Olson, Mark P Doescher
The incidence of skin cancer is rising among American Indians (AI) but the prevalence of harmful ultraviolet light (UVL) exposures among AI youth is unknown. In 2013, UVL exposures, protective behaviors, and attitudes toward tanning were assessed among 129 AI and Non-Hispanic (NHW) students in grades 8-12 in Southeastern Oklahoma. Sunburn was reported by more than half the AI students and most of the NHW students. One-third of AI students reported never using sunscreen, compared to less than one-fifth of NHW students, but racial differences were mitigated by propensity to burn...
September 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539126/knowledge-driven-binning-approach-for-rare-variant-association-analysis-application-to-neuroimaging-biomarkers-in-alzheimer-s-disease
#14
Dokyoon Kim, Anna O Basile, Lisa Bang, Emrin Horgusluoglu, Seunggeun Lee, Marylyn D Ritchie, Andrew J Saykin, Kwangsik Nho
BACKGROUND: Rapid advancement of next generation sequencing technologies such as whole genome sequencing (WGS) has facilitated the search for genetic factors that influence disease risk in the field of human genetics. To identify rare variants associated with human diseases or traits, an efficient genome-wide binning approach is needed. In this study we developed a novel biological knowledge-based binning approach for rare-variant association analysis and then applied the approach to structural neuroimaging endophenotypes related to late-onset Alzheimer's disease (LOAD)...
May 18, 2017: BMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538883/refining-the-ideas-of-ethnic-skin
#15
Vicente Torres, Maria Isabel Herane, Adilson Costa, Jaime Piquero Martin, Patricia Troielli
Skin disease occur worldwide, affecting people of all nationalities and all skin types. These diseases may have a genetic component and may manifest differently in specific population groups; however, there has been little study on this aspect. If population-based differences exist, it is reasonable to assume that understanding these differences may optimize treatment. While there is a relative paucity of information about similarities and differences in skin diseases around the world, the knowledge-base is expanding...
March 2017: Anais Brasileiros de Dermatologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537988/prevention-of-trastuzumab-and-anthracycline-induced-cardiotoxicity-using-angiotensin-converting-enzyme-inhibitors-or-%C3%AE-blockers-in-older-adults-with-breast-cancer
#16
Saranrat Wittayanukorn, Jingjing Qian, Salisa C Westrick, Nedret Billor, Brandon Johnson, Richard A Hansen
PURPOSE: Although clinical trials have provided some data on the benefit of angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors (ACEIs) or β-blockers (BBs) in patients with chemotherapy-induced cardiotoxicity, evidence of ACEIs/BBs on prevention of trastuzumab and/or anthracycline-induced cardiotoxicity outside trials is limited. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cohort study of 142,990 women (66 y and above) newly diagnosed with breast cancer from 2001 to 2009 was conducted using the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results-Medicare-linked database...
May 23, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537845/high-rates-of-access-to-health-care-disclosure-of-sexuality-and-gender-identity-to-providers-among-house-and-ball-community-members-in-new-york-city
#17
Sean Cahill, Sarah Trieweiler, John Guidry, Nelisa Rash, Layla Stamper, Kerith Conron, Nicole Turcotte, Ilana Gratch, Paige Lowry
The House and Ball community is an important cultural manifestation of resiliency for Black and Latino gay and bisexual men and transgender women. Participants at the August, 2013 House of Latex Ball in New York City were surveyed about insurance coverage, health care access, experiences in health care, and housing instability. The sample (n = 367) was 58% Black/African American and 20% Hispanic/Latino, with a mean age of 31. Fifty-five percent were gay and bisexual men. While only 6% identified as transgender, nearly half were gender nonconforming...
May 24, 2017: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537812/perspectives-of-patients-with-cancer-on-the-ethics-of-rapid-learning-health-systems
#18
Reshma Jagsi, Kent A Griffith, Aaron Sabolch, Rochelle Jones, Rebecca Spence, Raymond De Vries, David Grande, Angela R Bradbury
Purpose To inform the evolving implementation of CancerLinQ and other rapid-learning systems for oncology care, we sought to evaluate perspectives of patients with cancer regarding ethical issues. Methods Using the GfK Group online research panel, representative of the US population, we surveyed 875 patients with cancer; 621 (71%) responded. We evaluated perceptions of appropriateness (scored from 1 to 10; 10, very appropriate) using scenarios and compared responses by age, race, and education. We constructed a scaled measure of comfort with secondary use of deidentified medical information and evaluated its correlates in a multivariable model...
May 24, 2017: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537527/real-time-data-collection-using-text-messaging-in-a-primary-care-clinic
#19
Manisha Rai, Michelle H Moniz, Julie Blaszczak, Caroline R Richardson, Tammy Chang
BACKGROUND: The use of text messaging is nearly ubiquitous and represents a promising method of collecting data from diverse populations. INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this study was to assess the feasibility and acceptability of text message surveys in a clinical setting and to describe key lessons to minimize attrition. METHODS: We obtained a convenience sample of individuals who entered the waiting room of a low-income, primary care clinic...
May 24, 2017: Telemedicine Journal and E-health: the Official Journal of the American Telemedicine Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537336/dietary-risk-factors-by-race-ethnicity-age-group-and-gender-in-a-representative-sample-of-us-older-adults
#20
J A Vaccaro, F G Huffman
OBJECTIVE: To explore the relationships among ethnicity/race, gender, demographics, age-group and dietary health in a nationally representative sample of older adults. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Data for this study were collected by interview in the mobile examination centers from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys, 2011 - 2012. PARTICIPANTS: U.S. representative sample of adults aged 55 years and older (N = 1860) from five ethnic/racial groups...
2017: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
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