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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667523/irritability-externalizing-and-internalizing-psychopathology-in-adolescence-cross-sectional-and-longitudinal-associations-and-moderation-by-sex
#1
Kathryn L Humphreys, Sophie N F Schouboe, Katharina Kircanski, Ellen Leibenluft, Argyris Stringaris, Ian H Gotlib
Irritability is a common feature of many psychiatric disorders, including both externalizing and internalizing disorders. There is little research, however, examining associations between irritability and these symptom domains, particularly during the important developmental period of adolescence, characterized by sex differences in the prevalence of disorders. We examined the cross-sectional associations between irritability, measured with the Affective Reactivity Index, and symptoms of externalizing and internalizing domains of psychopathology, measured with the Youth Self Report, in a volunteer community sample (N = 183) of 9- to 13-year-old (M = 11...
April 18, 2018: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667453/impaired-health-related-quality-of-life-and-related-risk-factors-among-u-s-adults-with-asthma
#2
Cynthia A Pate, Hatice S Zahran, Cathy M Bailey
Objective This study assessed Health-related Quality of Life (HRQoL) and related risk factors among adults with asthma in the United States. Using the 2015 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS), we examined the association between four domains of impaired HRQoL and selected explanatory factors.  Methods A BRFSS sample of 39 321 adults with asthma was used in this study. We examined the association between fair/poor health, ≥14 mentally unhealthy days, ≥14 physically unhealthy days, and ≥14 days of activity limitation and selected explanatory variables (sex, race/ethnicity, age, annual household income, healthcare coverage, physical activity, smoking status, Body Mass Index (BMI), having a coexisting disease, and being diagnosed with depression) using multivariable logistic regression models...
April 18, 2018: Journal of Asthma: Official Journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665464/urinary-biomarkers-of-polycyclic-aromatic-hydrocarbons-in-pre-and-peri-pubertal-girls-in-northern-california-predictors-of-exposure-and-temporal-variability
#3
Dina Dobraca, Raymond Lum, Andreas Sjödin, Antonia M Calafat, Cecile A Laurent, Lawrence H Kushi, Gayle C Windham
BACKGROUND: Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), a class of chemicals produced as combustion by-products, have been associated with endocrine disruption. To understand exposure in children, who have been less studied than adults, we examined PAH metabolite concentrations by demographic characteristics, potential sources of exposure, and variability over time, in a cohort study of pre- and peri-pubertal girls in Northern California. METHODS: Urinary concentrations of ten PAH metabolites and cotinine were quantified in 431 girls age 6-8 years at baseline...
April 14, 2018: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665034/metabolic-features-of-nonalcoholic-fatty-liver-nafl-in-obese-adolescents-findings-from-a-multi-ethnic-cohort
#4
Domenico Tricò, Sonia Caprio, Giuseppina Rosaria Umano, Bridget Pierpont, Jessica Nouws, Alfonso Galderisi, Grace Kim, Mariana M Mata, Nicola Santoro
AIMS: We conducted a prospective study in a large, multiethnic cohort of obese adolescents to characterize clinical and genetic features associated with pediatric Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver (NAFL), the most common cause of chronic liver disease in youth. METHODS: A total of 503 obese adolescents were enrolled, including 191 (38.0%) Caucasians, 134 (26.6%) African Americans, and 178 (35.4%) Hispanics. Participants underwent abdominal magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to quantify hepatic fat content, an oral glucose tolerance test to assess glucose tolerance and insulin sensitivity, and the genotyping of three SNPs associated with fatty liver (PNPLA3 rs738409, GCKR rs1260326, and TM6SF2 rs58542926)...
April 17, 2018: Hepatology: Official Journal of the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664698/alcohol-consumption-and-chronic-liver-disease-mortality-in-new-mexico-and-the-united-states-1999-2013
#5
Laura E Tomedi, Jim Roeber, Michael Landen
OBJECTIVE: Current chronic liver disease (CLD) mortality surveillance methods may not adequately capture data on all causes of CLD mortality. The objective of this study was to calculate and compare CLD death rates in New Mexico and the United States by using both an expanded definition of CLD and estimates of the fractional impact of alcohol on CLD deaths. METHODS: We defined CLD mortality as deaths due to alcoholic liver disease, cirrhosis, viral hepatitis, and other liver conditions...
January 1, 2018: Public Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664190/child-marriage-in-the-united-states-how-common-is-the-practice-and-which-children-are-at-greatest-risk
#6
Alissa Koski, Jody Heymann
CONTEXT: Marriage before the age of 18, commonly referred to as child marriage, is legal under varying conditions across the United States. The prevalence of child marriage among recent cohorts is unknown. METHODS: American Community Survey data for 2010-2014 were used to estimate the average national and state-level proportions of children who had ever been married. Prevalence was calculated by gender, race and ethnicity, and birthplace, and the living arrangements of currently married children were examined...
April 17, 2018: Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663981/health-behaviors-among-low-income-hispanic-and-non-hispanic-white-women
#7
Donna M Winham, Shelly M Palmer, Traci L Armstrong Florian, Mack C Shelley
OBJECTIVES: We determined relationships between food behaviors and health-risk factors by acculturation among limited-income Hispanic and non-Hispanic white women. METHODS: Women aged 18-49 years were recruited from income-based programs in metro-Phoenix, Arizona. Self-administered surveys in English or Spanish included demographics, a 10-item food behavior checklist, health-risk factors, food security, and acculturation. Differences by 4 acculturation/ethnicity categories were assessed with chi-square and analysis of variance (ANOVA)...
May 1, 2018: American Journal of Health Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663689/risk-factors-for-length-of-stay-and-charge-per-day-differ-between-older-and-younger-hospitalized-patients-with-aml
#8
Anita J Kumar, Tobi Henzer, Angie Mae Rodday, Susan K Parsons
Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is associated with frequent hospitalizations. We evaluated factors associated with length of stay (LOS) and charge per day (CPD) for admissions in older (≥60 years) and younger patients (<60 years). We identified patients with ICD-9-CM codes for AML or myeloid sarcoma in the 2012 HCUP-NIS. In separate models based on age, we examined patient (sex, race, income, insurance payer, chronic conditions, chemotherapy administration, death) and hospital (type, geography) characteristics...
April 16, 2018: Cancer Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663526/racial-ethnic-differences-in-the-prognostic-utility-of-left-ventricular-mass-index-for-incident-cardiovascular-disease
#9
Emmanuel Akintoye, Karim Mahmoud, Mohamed Shokr, Aubin Sandio, Sagar Mallikethi-Reddy, Muhammad Sheikh, Oluwole Adegbala, Alexander Egbe, Alexandros Briasoulis, Luis Afonso
BACKGROUND: Evidence exists for racial/ethnic differences in left ventricular mass index (LVMI). How this translates to future cardiovascular disease (CVD) events is unknown. HYPOTHESIS: The impact of racial/ethnic differences in LVMI on incident cardiovascular outcomes could have potential implications for the optimization of risk stratification strategies. METHODS: Using the prospectively collected database of the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis (MESA) involving 4 racial/ethnic groups (non-Hispanic Whites, Chinese, Blacks, and Hispanics) free of CVD at baseline, we assessed for racial/ethnic differences in the relationship between LVMI and incident CVD using a Cox model...
April 17, 2018: Clinical Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663347/a-tgf-%C3%AE-1-genetic-variant-at-the-mirna187-binding-site-significantly-modifies-risk-of-hpv16-associated-oropharyngeal-cancer
#10
Ye Tao, Erich M Sturgis, Zhigang Huang, Yan Sun, Kristina R Dahlstrom, Qingyi Wei, Guojun Li
TGF-β1rs1982073 polymorphism at the miRNA-187 binding site may alter TGF-β1 expression and function, and thereby this polymorphism (genotype CT/CC) increases cancer susceptibility. HPV16 L1 seropositivity is associated with the risk of oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC), including oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma (OPSCC) and oral cavity squamous cell carcinoma (OCSCC). Thus, we hypothesized that TGF-β1rs1982073 polymorphism at the miRNA-187 binding site combined with HPV16 L1 seropositivity may have a joint effect on OSCC susceptibility...
April 16, 2018: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663170/racial-ethnic-disparities-and-incidence-of-malignant-peripheral-nerve-sheath-tumors-results-from-the-surveillance-epidemiology-and-end-results-program-2000-2014
#11
Erin C Peckham-Gregory, Roberto E Montenegro, David A Stevenson, David H Viskochil, Michael E Scheurer, Philip J Lupo, Joshua D Schiffman
BACKGROUND: Malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumors (MPNSTs) are rare tumors, generally high-grade, and comprise ~ 5-10% of soft tissue sarcomas. Over two-thirds of MPNSTs metastasize, and upwards of 40% clinically recur. Etiologic risk factors for MPNSTs are historically understudied. There is evidence to suggest MPNST incidence differs across racial/ethnic groups in pediatric populations. Therefore, we sought to estimate differences in MPNST incidence by race/ethnicity among all ages in the United States...
April 16, 2018: Journal of Neuro-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29662251/motherhood-and-employment-among-whites-hispanics-and-blacks-a-life-course-approach
#12
Sandra M Florian
Research has shown that having children reduces women's employment; yet, how this effect differs for racial minorities has received less attention. Using random effects models and data from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth ( N = 4,526), this study investigates the association between motherhood and employment among Whites, Hispanics, and Blacks over women's entire reproductive span. Results indicate that having children reduces labor force participation primarily by deterring full-time employment. This effect is stronger and lasts longer among Whites, smaller and shorter among Hispanics, and brief among Blacks...
February 2018: Journal of Marriage and the Family
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661541/ckd-and-esrd-in-us-hispanics
#13
REVIEW
Nisa Desai, Claudia M Lora, James P Lash, Ana C Ricardo
Hispanics are the largest racial/ethnic minority group in the United States, and they experience a substantial burden of kidney disease. Although the prevalence of chronic kidney disease (CKD) is similar or slightly lower in Hispanics than non-Hispanic whites, the age- and sex-adjusted prevalence rate of end-stage renal disease is almost 50% higher in Hispanics compared with non-Hispanic whites. This has been attributed in part to faster CKD progression among Hispanics. Furthermore, Hispanic ethnicity has been associated with a greater prevalence of cardiovascular disease risk factors, including obesity and diabetes, as well as CKD-related complications...
April 13, 2018: American Journal of Kidney Diseases: the Official Journal of the National Kidney Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661180/trends-and-correlates-of-unhealthy-dieting-behaviours-among-adolescents-in-the-united-states-1999-2013
#14
Sarah N M Chin, Anthony A Laverty, Filippos T Filippidis
BACKGROUND: The increase in adiposity problems among United States adolescents has been accompanied by persistently high prevalence of unhealthy dieting behaviours (UDBs) such as fasting, taking diet pills/powders/liquids, and vomiting/taking laxatives. This study aimed to examine the associations of self-perceptions of weight status, weight change intentions (WCIs) and UDBs with sex, age and race, as well as trends of UDBs in American adolescents across the weight spectrum. METHODS: Data come from the biennial cross-sectional, school-based surveys, the Youth Risk Behaviour Surveillance System (1999-2013, n = 113,542)...
April 17, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29660795/symptom-and-function-profiles-of-men-with-localized-prostate-cancer
#15
Bryce B Reeve, Xianming Tan, Ronald C Chen, Deborah S Usinger, Laura C Pinheiro
BACKGROUND: Men diagnosed with localized prostate cancer seek information on how treatment options may impact their health-related quality of life (HRQOL). The authors used latent profile analysis (LPA) to group men according to their symptom burden and functional status and to identify patient characteristics associated with each HRQOL profile. METHODS: Patients completed the Patient-Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System and the Expanded Prostate Index Composite measures 3 months after treatment initiation...
April 16, 2018: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659953/test-retest-reproducibility-of-adult-reported-high-school-diet-varies-among-racially-and-ethnically-diverse-us-men-and-women
#16
Kristen D Brantley, Terryl J Hartman, Alpa V Patel, Susan M Gapstur, W D Flanders, Marjorie L McCullough
Background: Adolescent diet is thought to play an important role in future chronic disease risk. However, few studies have examined the reproducibility of adult-reported adolescent diet, and evidence for possible differences in reproducibility by demographic characteristics is limited. Objective: We assessed the ability of adults to consistently report past high school diet over a 1-y period and examined differences in reproducibility by selected demographic characteristics...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659635/correction-psychometric-properties-of-the-resilience-scale-for-adults-rsa-and-its-relationship-with-life-stress-anxiety-and-depression-in-a-hispanic-latin-american-community-sample
#17
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659476/prospective-evaluation-of-low-health-literacy-and-its-impact-on-outcomes-in-trauma-patients
#18
Tianyi Swartz, Faisal Jehan, Andrew Tang, Lynn Gries, Muhammad Zeeshan, Narong Kulvatunyou, Mohammad Hamidi, Terence O'Keeffe, Bellal Joseph
INTRODUCTION: Health-literacy is emerging focus of interest in public health and is evolving as an important component of national health policy. Low-health-literacy (LHL) is associated with poor outcomes. We aimed to identify factors associated with LHL and its relationship with health outcomes in trauma patients. METHODS: We prospectively enrolled all adult trauma patients (age>18y) in our analysis. Patients were surveyed at discharge and followed up at 4-weeks post-discharge...
April 13, 2018: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659432/orbital-inflammatory-syndrome-secondary-to-flea-bite
#19
Claudia M Prospero Ponce, Amina I Malik, Aroucha Vickers, Patricia Chevez-Barrios, Andrew G Lee
A 34-year-old previously healthy Hispanic male presented to the emergency room complaining of progressive left upper eyelid swelling and pain for more than 2 weeks. He was previously diagnosed and treated for a "pink eye" but failed to improve. He reported a previous "bug bite" around the left lateral canthus a few weeks prior to admission. Computer tomography orbit with contrast showed left exophthalmos, an enhancing left lacrimal gland and orbital inflammatory signs suggestive of possible intraorbital abscess...
April 13, 2018: Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659041/association-of-added-sugar-intake-and-caries-related-experiences-among-individuals-of-mexican-origin
#20
S Vega-López, N M Lindberg, G J Eckert, E L Nicholson, G Maupomé
OBJECTIVE: Determine the association between key dental outcomes and added sugar intake using a survey instrument to assess added sugars, which was specifically tailored to immigrant and US-born adults of Mexican origin. METHODS: Hispanic adults of Mexican origin (n = 326; 36.2 ± 12.1 years) completed a self-administered survey to gather acculturation, self-reported dental experiences and self-care practices (eg brushing, flossing, pain, bleeding gums), and socio-demographic information...
April 16, 2018: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
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