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Dermal papilla

Chang Hoon Seo, Mi Hee Kwack, Soo-Hong Lee, Moon Kyu Kim, Jung Chul Kim, Young Kwan Sung
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Annals of Dermatology
Hyoseung Shin, Soon-Jin Choi, A-Ri Cho, Dong Young Kim, Kyu Han Kim, Ohsang Kwon
BACKGROUND: Stress is a known cause of hair loss in many species. OBJECTIVE: In this study, we investigated the role of acute stress on hair growth using a rat model. METHODS: Rats were immobilized for 24 hours and blood samples, and skin biopsies were taken. The effect of stress-serum on the in vitro proliferation of rat and human dermal papilla cells (hDPCs), as well as serum cortisol and corticotropin-releasing hormone levels, were measured...
October 2016: Annals of Dermatology
Chang Hoon Seo, Mi Hee Kwack, Moon Kyu Kim, Jung Chul Kim, Young Kwan Sung
Acquisition of potent human dermal papilla (DP) cells that can induce hair follicle neogenesis is an overarching concern and various approaches have been tried. In an attempt to solve the problem, we previously introduced the three-dimensional (3D) culture of human DP cells and observed de novo formation of hair follicles when conducting a patch hair reconstitution assay using 3D-cultured DP spheres with mouse epidermal cells. In this study, we have subsequently focused our attention on activin A, one of the notably up-regulated proteins in DP spheres compared with 2D-cultured DP cells...
October 10, 2016: Experimental Dermatology
C A Higgins, M Roger, R Hill, A S Ali-Khan, J Garlick, A M Christiano, C A B Jahoda
BACKGROUND: The method to generate bioengineered skin constructs was pioneered several decades ago, and nowadays these constructs are used regularly for the treatment of severe burns and non-healing wounds. Commonly, these constructs are comprised of skin fibroblasts within a collagen scaffold, forming the skin dermis, and stratified keratinocytes overlying this, forming the skin epidermis. In the past decade there has been a surge of interest in bioengineered skins, with researchers searching for alternative cell sources, or scaffolds, from which constructs can be established, and for more biomimetic equivalents with skin appendages...
September 28, 2016: British Journal of Dermatology
Aeri Lee, Sohee Bae, Seung Hoon Lee, Oh-Kyeong Kweon, Wan Hee Kim
The purpose of this study was to investigate the protein expression pattern and the in vivo trichogenicity of dermal papilla like tissues (DPLTs) made from canine adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cells (ASCs) in athymic nude mice. Canine ASCs were isolated and cultured from adipose tissue, and differentiation was induced by culturing ASCs in dermal papilla forming media. DPLTs were embedded in collagen gel, and their structural characteristics and protein expression were evaluated by hematoxylin and eosin stain and immunohistochemistry...
September 16, 2016: Journal of Veterinary Medical Science
Grace Kaushal, Emanuel Rognoni, Beate M Lichtenberger, Ryan R Driskell, Kai Kretzschmar, Esther Hoste, Fiona M Watt
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 13, 2016: Journal of Investigative Dermatology
Agnes Rosarina Prita Sari, Nicholas Wolfgang Rufaut, Leslie Norman Jones, Rodney Daniel Sinclair
CONTEXT: The dermal papilla (DP) is a condensation of mesenchymal cells at the proximal end of the hair follicle, which determines hair shaft size and regulates matrix cell proliferation and differentiation. DP cells have the ability to regenerate new hair follicles. These cells tend to aggregate both in vitro and in vivo. This tendency is associated with the ability of papilla cells to induce hair growth. However, human papilla cells lose their hair-inducing activity in later passage number...
July 2016: International Journal of Trichology
Agnes Rosarina Prita Sari, Nicholas Wolfgang Rufaut, Leslie Norman Jones, Rodney Daniel Sinclair
CONTEXT: In androgenetic alopecia, follicular miniaturization and dynamic changes to the hair cycle produce patterned baldness. The most effective treatment for baldness is hair transplantation surgery. The major limitation to hair transplantation is the availability of donor hair from the relatively unaffected occipital scalp. Hair induction with in vitro expansion of donor follicle populations has the potential to overcome this. The major obstacle to this is that in vitro expansion of human dermal papilla cell (DPC) colonies is associated with irreversible loss of aggregative behavior and hair follicle-inductive potential...
July 2016: International Journal of Trichology
Lorenzo Alibardi
Feathers are corneous microramifications of variable complexity derived from the morphogenesis of barb ridges. Histological and ultrastructural analyses on developing and regenerating feathers clarify the three-dimensional organization of cells in barb ridges. Feather cells derive from folds of the embryonic epithelium of feather germs from which barb/barbule cells and supportive cells organize in a branching structure. The following degeneration of supportive cells allows the separation of barbule cells which are made of corneous beta-proteins and of lower amounts of intermediate filament (IF)(alpha) keratins, histidine-rich proteins, and corneous proteins of the epidermal differentiation complex...
September 10, 2016: Protoplasma
R Gamo, A Pampín, U Floristán
Lentigo maligna is the most common type of facial melanoma. Diagnosis is complicated, however, as it shares clinical and dermoscopic characteristics with other cutaneous lesions of the face. Reflectance confocal microscopy is an imaging technique that permits the visualization of characteristic features of lentigo maligna. These include a disrupted honeycomb pattern and pagetoid cells with a tendency to show folliculotropism. These cells typically have a dendritic morphology, although they may also appear as round cells measuring over 20μm with atypical nuclei...
September 7, 2016: Actas Dermo-sifiliográficas
Natacha A Agabalyan, Breanna S Borys, Holly D Sparks, Kathryn Boon, Eko W Raharjo, Sepideh Abbasi, Michael S Kallos, Jeff Biernaskie
: : Endogenous dermal stem cells (DSCs) reside in the adult hair follicle mesenchyme and can be isolated and grown in vitro as self-renewing colonies called skin-derived precursors (SKPs). Following transplantation into skin, SKPs can generate new dermis and reconstitute the dermal papilla and connective tissue sheath, suggesting they could have important therapeutic value for the treatment of skin disease (alopecia) or injury. Controlled cell culture processes must be developed to efficiently and safely generate sufficient stem cell numbers for clinical use...
September 9, 2016: Stem Cells Translational Medicine
Woo Chi, Odysseas Morgan, Eleanor Wu, Bruce A Morgan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 1, 2016: Journal of Investigative Dermatology
Christina Kanaka-Gantenbein, Christina Kogia, Mohamed Badawy Abdel-Naser, George P Chrousos
The human skin is a well-organized organ bearing different types of cells in a well-structured interference to each other including epidermal and follicular keratinocytes, sebocytes, melanocytes, dermal papilla cells and fibroblasts, endothelial cells, sweat gland cells as well as nerves. Several hormones act on different cell types of the skin, while it is also considered an endocrine organ secreting hormones that act at several sites of the organism. GH receptors are found in almost all cell types forming the skin, while IGF-1 receptors' expression is restricted to the epidermal keratinocytes...
August 30, 2016: Reviews in Endocrine & Metabolic Disorders
Meda Sandra Orasan, Iulia Ioana Roman, Andrei Coneac, Adriana Muresan, Remus Ioan Orasan
Research in the field of reversal hair loss remains a challenging subject. As Minoxidil 2% or 5% and Finasteride are so far the only FDA approved topical treatments for inducing hair regrowth, research is necessary in order to improve therapeutical approach in alopecia. In vitro studies have focused on cultures of a cell type - dermal papilla or organ culture of isolated cell follicles. In vivo research on this topic was performed on mice, rats, hamsters, rabbits, sheep and monkeys, taking into consideration the advantages and disadvantages of each animal model and the depilation options...
2016: Clujul Medical (1957)
Sang-Jun Lee, Dong-Hye Suh, Ji Min Lee, Kye-Yong Song, Hwa Jung Ryu
BACKGROUND: Ablative CO2 fractional lasers have recently been introduced for burn scar treatment because of pronounced clinical outcomes with fewer treatment sessions than nonablative fractional laser. OBJECTIVE: This study was conducted to observe clinical as well as histologic changes of burn scars after treatment with CO2 fractional laser. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Eleven patients (one female and 10 males, aged 31-59 years) with skin phototypes III to V with burn scars received 10 sessions of fractional CO2 laser treatments (UltraPulse(®) Encore; Lumenis, Santa Clara, CA, USA) over an average 5-week interval...
October 2016: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
Marzie Moraveji, Nooshin Haghighipour, Hamid Keshvari, Tannaz Nourizadeh Abbariki, Mohammad Ali Shokrgozar, Amir Amanzadeh
INTRODUCTION: In recent years, the extremely low frequency electromagnetic field (ELF-EMF) has attracted a great deal of scientific interest. The ELF-EMF signal is able to control ion transport across ion channels and therefore induce cell differentiation. AIM: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of ELF-EMF (50 Hz, 1 mT) on MAP2 and Nestin gene expression of dermal papilla mesenchymal cells (DPCs). METHODS: In order to examine the effect of chemical and electromagnetic factors on gene expression, 4 experimental groups, namely chemical (cell exposure to chemical signals), EMF (exposing cells to ELF-EMF), chemical-EMF (subjecting cells to chemical signals and ELF-EMF) and control (with no treatment) groups, were prepared, treated for 5 days, and studied...
August 19, 2016: International Journal of Artificial Organs
Hyoseung Shin, Ji-Seon Yoon, Wooseok Koh, Jin Yong Kim, Chang-Hyun Kim, Kang Min Han, Eo Jin Kim, Ohsang Kwon
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Lasers have been successfully used for decades to remove dark hair. However, laser removal of nonpigmented hair is challenging due to the lack of chromophores. The aim of this study was to use photodynamic therapy (PDT) to remove nonpigmented hair. STUDY DESIGN/MATERIAL AND METHODS: We compared the efficacy of permanent hair reduction in white BALB/c and black C57BL/6 mice treated with PDT or an 800-nm diode laser. We collected skin biopsy specimens and investigated post-PDT histologic changes and molecular changes...
October 2016: Lasers in Surgery and Medicine
V L Newton, R S Bradley, P Seroul, M Cherel, C E M Griffiths, A V Rawlings, R Voegeli, R E B Watson, M J Sherratt
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: The dermal-epidermal junction (DEJ) forms epidermal protrusions down into the dermis (rete ridges) and dermal projections up into the epidermis (dermal papillae). Usually visualized in two-dimensions (2D), our knowledge of how the DEJ changes with ageing is limited. We aimed to characterize how this structure exists in 3D and changes with age. METHODS: Photoprotected and photoexposed skin were imaged using reflectance confocal microscopy (RCM) in young and aged individuals...
August 9, 2016: Skin Research and Technology
Jung-Il Kang, Eun-Sook Yoo, Jin-Won Hyun, Young-Sang Koh, Nam Ho Lee, Mi-Hee Ko, Chang-Sik Ko, Hee-Kyoung Kang
This study was conducted to evaluate the effects of Sargassum muticum extract and apo-9'-fucoxanthinone, a principal component of S. muticum, on hair growth. When rat vibrissa follicles were treated with S. muticum extract for 21 d, the hair-fiber lengths for the vibrissa follicles increased significantly. Treatment with the S. muticum extract and the EtOAc fraction of the S. muticum extract markedly increased the proliferation of dermal papilla cells (DPCs) and decreased the 5α-reductase activity. In addition, the EtOAc fraction of the S...
2016: Biological & Pharmaceutical Bulletin
Gui-Qing Lu, Zhi-Bo Wu, Xiao-Yan Chu, Zhi-Gang Bi, Wei-Xin Fan
BACKGROUND: Wnt and transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β) signaling pathways are known to be involved in the pathogenesis of androgenetic alopecia (AGA). However, the way that Wnt and TGF-β signaling is altered in patients with AGA and whether there exists a crosstalk between them in pathogenetic process of AGA remain unclear. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the expression of Wnt and TGF-β signaling and the crosstalk between these 2 signaling pathways in AGA. METHODS: Fifteen male patients with AGA were recruited for our research...
July 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
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