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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918448/a-systematic-review-of-cost-effectiveness-analysis-of-screening-interventions-for-assessing-the-risk-of-venous-thromboembolism-in-women-considering-combined-oral-contraceptives
#1
REVIEW
Zanfina Ademi, C Simone Sutherland, Joris Van Stiphout, Jöelle Michaud, Goranka Tanackovic, Matthias Schwenkglenks
Use of combined oral contraceptives (COCs) by women increases the risk of venous thromboembolism (VTE), which can have a major impact on an individuals' quality of life. VTE is also associated with an increase in healthcare costs. Our aim was to systematically review cost-effectiveness analyses (CEAs) considering any screening for risk of VTE in women using COCs. The quality of reporting in each study was assessed, a summary of results was prepared, and the key drivers of cost effectiveness in each of the eligible CEAs were identified...
September 16, 2017: Journal of Thrombosis and Thrombolysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918410/-just-like-a-normal-pain-what-do-people-with-diabetes-mellitus-experience-when-having-a-myocardial-infarction-a-qualitative-study-recruited-from-uk-hospitals
#2
Nikita Berman, Melvyn Mark Jones, Daan A De Coster
OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to investigate the symptoms people with diabetes experience when having a myocardial infarction (MI), their illness narrative and how they present their symptoms to the health service. SETTING: Three London (UK) hospitals (coronary care units and medical wards). PARTICIPANTS: Patients were recruited with diabetes mellitus (DM) (types 1 and 2) with a clinical presentation of MI (ST elevated MI (STEMI), non-ST elevated MI (NSTEMI), acute MI unspecified and cardiac arrest)...
September 15, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918177/photodynamic-therapy-in-oral-potentially-malignant-disorders-critical-literature-review-of-existing-protocols
#3
REVIEW
Jéssica Araújo Figueira, Vanessa Cristina Veltrini
INTRODUCTION: Oral cancer is a serious public health issue. Apart from its high rate of prevalence, incidence and mortality, it can often result in more complex and expensive treatment when diagnosed late. Potentially malignant disorders (PMDs) can precede oral cancer, and are usually treated by surgical excision. However, in many cases patients are elderly and multiple interventions may be required. Photodynamic therapy (PDT) is a simple alternative, which has been successfully used in the treatment of oral PMDs...
September 13, 2017: Photodiagnosis and Photodynamic Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918086/confidence-in-the-use-of-direct-oral-anticoagulants-in-the-acute-phase-of-nonvalvular-atrial-fibrillation-related-ischemic-stroke-over-the-years-a-real-world-single-center-study
#4
Federico Moroni, Luca Masotti, Vieri Vannucchi, Raffaella Chiarelli, Cristiana Seravalle, Alessandra Pesci, Francesca Pallini, Silvia Puliti, Barbara Cimolato, Lamberto Fattorini, Cornelia Scerra, Francesca Ristori, Maria Letizia Imbalzano, Stefano Spolveri, Giancarlo Landini, Elisa Grifoni, Maurizio Paciaroni
BACKGROUD AND AIM: The use of direct oral anticoagulants (DOACs) in patients with nonvalvular atrial fibrillation (NVAF)-related acute ischemic stroke (AIS) is controversial. The aims of our study were to analyze physicians' confidence in prescribing DOACs in NVAF-related AIS, the characteristics of patients receiving DOACs, and their 90-day prognosis. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Clinical records of consecutive patients admitted to our wards for NVAF-related AIS over the years 2014-2016 were reviewed...
September 13, 2017: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917176/health-based-ingestion-exposure-guidelines-for-vibrio-cholerae-technical-basis-for-water-reuse-applications
#5
Annetta P Watson, Anthony Q Armstrong, George H White, Brandolyn H Thran
U.S. military and allied contingency operations are increasingly occurring in locations with limited, unstable or compromised fresh water supplies. Non-potable graywater reuse is currently under assessment as a viable means to increase mission sustainability while significantly reducing the resources, logistics and attack vulnerabilities posed by transport of fresh water. Development of health-based (non-potable) exposure guidelines for the potential microbial components of graywater would provide a logical and consistent human-health basis for water reuse strategies...
September 13, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916466/a-multi-centered-epidemiological-study-evaluating-the-validity-of-the-treatment-difficulty-indices-developed-by-the-japan-prosthodontic-society
#6
Takuo Kuboki, Tetsuo Ichikawa, Kazuyoshi Baba, Masanori Fujisawa, Hironobu Sato, Hideki Aita, Shigeto Koyama, Masayuki Hideshima, Yuji Sato, Hiroyuki Wake, Aya Kimura-Ono, Kan Nagao, Yorika Kodaira-Ueda, Katsushi Tamaki, Shinsuke Sadamori, Kazuhiro Tsuga, Yasuhiro Nishi, Takashi Sawase, Hisashi Koshino, Shin-Ichi Masumi, Kaoru Sakurai, Kanji Ishibashi, Takashi Ohyama, Yasumasa Akagawa, Toshihiro Hirai, Keiichi Sasaki, Kiyoshi Koyano, Hirofumi Yatani, Hideo Matsumura
PURPOSE: The Japan Prosthodontic Society developed a multi-axis assessment protocol to evaluate the complex variations in patients who need prosthodontic care, and to classify the level of treatment difficulty. A previous report found the protocol to be sufficiently reliable. The purpose of this multi-center cohort study was to evaluate the validity of this multi-axis assessment protocol. METHODS: The treatment difficulty was evaluated using the multi-axis assessment protocol before starting prosthodontic treatment...
September 12, 2017: Journal of Prosthodontic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916443/aq-13-an-investigational-antimalarial-versus-artemether-plus-lumefantrine-for-the-treatment-of-uncomplicated-plasmodium-falciparum-malaria-a-randomised-phase-2-non-inferiority-clinical-trial
#7
Ousmane A Koita, Lansana Sangaré, Haiyan D Miller, Aliou Sissako, Moctar Coulibaly, Trevor A Thompson, Saharé Fongoro, Youssouf Diarra, Mamadou Ba, Ababacar Maiga, Boubakar Diallo, David M Mushatt, Frances J Mather, Jeffrey G Shaffer, Asif H Anwar, Donald J Krogstad
BACKGROUND: Chloroquine was used for malaria treatment until resistant Plasmodium falciparum was identified. Because 4-aminoquinolines with modified side chains, such as AQ-13, are active against resistant parasites, we compared AQ-13 against artemether plus lumefantrine for treatment of uncomplicated P falciparum malaria. METHODS: We did a randomised, non-inferiority trial. We screened men (≥18 years) with uncomplicated malaria in Missira (northeast Mali) and Bamako (capital of Mali) for eligibility (≥2000 asexual P falciparum parasites per μL of blood)...
September 12, 2017: Lancet Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916315/the-effect-of-immune-modulation-of-streptococcus-constellatus-sc10-strain-upon-acinetobactor-baumannii-infection
#8
Abdullah A Alyousef, Israa M S Al-Kadmy
Acinetobacter baumannii is a tiny, plump and rod-shaped Gram-negative coccobacillus, notorious as an opportunistic pathogen, which is now being considered by CDC as a serious public health threat. Preventing colonization may be a better therapeutic choice using microbiota to protect against A. baumannii transmission. Human microbiota not only regulates immune homeostasis as well provides essential health benefits therefore discovering the interface due microbiota in host immune system will allow to recognise novel immuno- or microbe-based therapies...
September 12, 2017: Microbial Pathogenesis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916247/comparison-of-two-control-groups-for-estimation-of-oral-cholera-vaccine-effectiveness-using-a-case-control-study-design
#9
Molly F Franke, J Gregory Jerome, Wilfredo R Matias, Ralph Ternier, Isabelle J Hilaire, Jason B Harris, Louise C Ivers
BACKGROUND: Case-control studies to quantify oral cholera vaccine effectiveness (VE) often rely on neighbors without diarrhea as community controls. Test-negative controls can be easily recruited and may minimize bias due to differential health-seeking behavior and recall. We compared VE estimates derived from community and test-negative controls and conducted bias-indicator analyses to assess potential bias with community controls. METHODS: From October 2012 through November 2016, patients with acute watery diarrhea were recruited from cholera treatment centers in rural Haiti...
September 12, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915823/patients-with-acute-poisoning-presenting-to-an-urban-emergency-department-of-a-tertiary-hospital-in-tanzania
#10
Ghaniya S Mbarouk, Hendry R Sawe, Juma A Mfinanga, John Stein, Shankar Levin, Victor Mwafongo, Michael S Runyon, Teri A Reynolds, Kent R Olson
BACKGROUND: Poisoning is a major public health concern in sub-Saharan Africa, affecting patients of all age groups. Poisoned patients often present to the emergency department (ED) and prompt evaluation and appropriate management are imperative to ensure optimal outcomes. Unfortunately, little is known about the specific presentations of poisoned patients in East Africa. We describe the clinical and epidemiological features of patients presenting to the Muhimbili National Hospital (MNH) ED with suspected toxicological syndromes...
September 16, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914805/a-recombinant-hav-expressing-a-neutralization-epitope-of-hev-induces-immune-response-against-hav-and-hev-in-mice
#11
Kui Xiang, Yuri Kusov, Guan Ying, Wang Yan, Yi Shan, Wu Jinyuan, Yin Na, Zhou Yan, Li Hongjun, Sun Maosheng
Hepatitis A virus (HAV) and hepatitis E virus (HEV) are causative agents of acute viral hepatitis transmitted via the fecal-oral route. Both viruses place a heavy burden on the public health and economy of developing countries. To test the possibility that HAV could be used as an expression vector for the development of a combination vaccine against hepatitis A and E infections, recombinant HAV-HEp148 was created as a vector to express an HEV neutralization epitope (HEp148) located at aa 459-606 of the HEV capsid protein...
September 15, 2017: Viruses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914249/visual-pedagogy-and-probiotics-for-hearing-impaired-children-a-pilot-study
#12
Amrita Sujlana, Ruchika Goyal, Parampreet Pannu, Shireen Opal, Palki Bansal
CONTEXT: Oral health care for children with special needs remains largely unmet. It is important that we should focus on preventive strategies for special children to help curtail and prevent oral diseases. AIM: This study aimed to assess the effect of visual pedagogy and probiotic mouth rinse on the periodontal health of hearing impaired children. MATERIALS AND METHODOLOGY: The study cohort consisted of twenty children with hearing impairment (HI) and 20 age-matched healthy children...
October 2017: Journal of the Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914239/road-blocks-perceived-by-the-dentists-toward-the-treatment-of-early-childhood-caries-in-chennai-city-a-cross-sectional-study
#13
Habibkhan Faizunisa, Preetha Elizabeth Chaly, Mohammed Junaid, Selvaperumal Vaishnavi, J E Nijesh, Mohammed Musthafa
BACKGROUND: The problem of early childhood caries remains a worldwide public concern, as most of the caries remains untreated. Despite advances in dental care, most children fail to benefit from oral health-care services not only due to differences in attitudes in parents but also in oral health-care providers. OBJECTIVES: The objective of the study is to determine the road blocks perceived by the dentist in Chennai, toward the treatment of early childhood caries...
October 2017: Journal of the Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914238/assessment-of-dental-caries-oral-hygiene-status-traumatic-dental-injuries-and-provision-of-basic-oral-health-care-among-visually-impaired-children-of-eastern-odisha
#14
Vinay Suresan, Diptajit Das, Avinash Jnaneswar, Kunal Jha, Gunjan Kumar, Goutham Bala Subramaniam
CONTEXT: The magnitude and severity of oral health problems in visually impaired population are worse than in general population, and they tend to have more untreated dental diseases and more problems accessing dental care. AIMS: The aim of this study is to assess dentition status and treatment needs, oral hygiene status, and traumatic dental injuries among institutionalized children attending special schools for the visually impaired in eastern Odisha. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: A descriptive, cross-sectional study was conducted using a universal sampling protocol...
October 2017: Journal of the Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914067/-drugs-and-dosage-forms-as-risk-factors-for-dental-caries
#15
Petra Bořilová Linhartová, Lydie Izakovičová Hollá
Dental caries is a multifactorial disease which, despite a series of preventive measures, remains the most common infectious disease worldwide. Susceptibility or resistance to caries may be a result of the presence of risk or protective factors, genetic predisposition, inappropriate lifestyle associated with education, behavioural and socioeconomic factors. The aim of this review is to highlight the risks associated with the use of some drugs and dosage forms in relation to the formation and development of dental caries...
2017: Ceská a Slovenská Farmacie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913993/a-retrospective-study-of-korean-adults-with-food-allergy-differences-in-phenotypes-and-causes
#16
So Hee Lee, Ga Young Ban, Kyunguk Jeong, Yoo Seob Shin, Hae Sim Park, Sooyoung Lee, Young Min Ye
PURPOSE: Increasing in prevalence, food allergy (FA) is becoming an important public health concern. In Korean adults, however, clinical phenotypes and causes of FA have not been studied. We aimed to study common causative allergens and clinical manifestations of FA in Korean adults. METHODS: This study was conducted as a retrospective review of medical records for 95 patients (≥19 years old) diagnosed with FA from September 2014 to August 2015 at a single university hospital...
November 2017: Allergy, Asthma & Immunology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913928/a-new-complementary-approach-for-oral-health-and-diabetes-management-health-coaching
#17
Ayse Basak Cinar, Ruth Freeman, Lone Schou
BACKGROUND: Health coaching (HC) is based on 'partnering with clients in a thought-provoking and creative process that inspires them to maximise their personal and professional potential' to adopt healthy lifestyles through 'building awareness and empowerment'. This study's objective is to assess, for the first time to our knowledge, the effectiveness of HC compared with health education (HE) using clinical and subjective measures among type 2 diabetes (DM2) patients in Turkey and Denmark...
September 14, 2017: International Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913876/an-assessment-of-participant-described-interprofessional-oral-health-referral-systems-across-rurality
#18
Sean G Boynes, Abigail Lauer, Mark Deutchman, Amy B Martin
PURPOSE: As a means to identify and quantify oral health interprofessional collaborative practice (IPP), we examined participant-described medical-to-dental (M2D) referral networks and how they function across rurality. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional survey on the appraisal of IPP referral systems in 2016. Secondarily, we examined if rural health clinics (RHCs) have different experiences with M2D referrals compared to other practice types. Independent variables included geographic and organizational indicators, referral system attributes, and respondent characteristics...
September 15, 2017: Journal of Rural Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912604/oral-health-promotion-in-the-community-pharmacy-an-evaluation-of-a-pilot-oral-health-promotion-intervention
#19
A Sturrock, H Cussons, C Jones, C Woodcock, L Bird
Introduction Poor oral health is a significant public health concern, costing the NHS in England £3.4 billion annually. Community pharmacies are easily accessible, frequently visited by patients and the community pharmacy contractual framework requires pharmacies to provide healthy living advice to patients - therefore offering a little explored avenue for the delivery of oral health interventions.Methodology A pilot oral health promotion intervention was introduced in five pharmacies in deprived areas of County Durham between September and December 2016...
September 15, 2017: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912257/nurse-honeybee-workers-tend-capped-brood-which-does-not-require-feeding-around-the-clock
#20
Moshe Nagari, Yafit Brenner, Guy Bloch
"Nurse" honeybees tend brood around-the-clock with attenuated or no circadian rhythms, but the brood signals inducing this behavior remain elusive. We first tested the hypothesis that worker circadian rhythms are regulated by brood pheromones. We monitored locomotor activity of individually isolated nurse bees that were either exposed to various doses of larval extracts or synthetic brood ester pheromone (BEP). Bees orally treated with larvae extracts showed attenuated circadian rhythms in one of four tested colonies; a similar but statistically non-significant trend was seen in two additional colonies...
September 14, 2017: Journal of Experimental Biology
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