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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783263/monitoring-of-efficiency-of-dental-caries-management-in-children-s-temporary-teeth-throughout-poltava-oblast
#1
Olha V Sheshukova, Valentina P Trufanova, Tetiana V Polishchuk, Kateryna S Kazakova, Sofiya S Bauman, Natalia A Lyakhova, Iryna M Tkachenko
OBJECTIVE: Introduction: Dental caries is still a major health care problem not only in Ukraine but throughout the world. Complicated dental caries currently ranks the leading position among the oral diseases in children. The aim of this study is to carry out a analysis of the epidemiology of dental caries and its complications, and to evaluate the efficiency of the caries treatment for temporary teeth among the children of Poltava oblast over the last decade based on the data of the annual reports...
2018: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783239/studying-the-skills-attitudes-on-factors-affecting-dental-health-of-children
#2
Iryna A Holovanova, Natalia A Lyakhova, Olga V Sheshukova, Valentina P Trufanova, Sofia S Bauman, Alevtina N Bilous, Oleg N Nesterenko
OBJECTIVE: Introduction: Nowadays, the high level of dental morbidity among children is an urgent medical problem. Healthy lifestyles and sanitary-hygienic upbringing in the family is most important components of the formation of dental health of children. But in order to be able to teach their children, parents need to be themselves knowledgeable about hygiene and prevention, have the necessary skills and desire to instill it in their children. The aim: The aim of our study was to assess the level of awareness of schoolchildren parents about the factors affecting the dental health of their children according to the questionnaire...
2018: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783217/-clinical-and-economic-aspects-of-professional-oral-hygiene
#3
Volodymyr S Melnik, Lyudmila F Horzov
OBJECTIVE: Introduction: Health care is important in all age groups. Good hygienic care is a vital aspect of it. The examination of the dental status in different groups of the adult population records low hygienic indicators, including those of young age. Against this backdrop, there is an urgent need to increase the role of professional hygiene of the oral cavity. The aim: The aim of the study. Identify the clinical and economic aspects of occupational hygiene in young people between the ages of 22 and 35...
2018: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782202/extraversion-and-openness-to-experience-moderate-the-relationship-between-orthodontic-treatment-need-and-oral-health-related-quality-of-life-in-adolescents-a-cross-sectional-study
#4
Cihan Aydoğan
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of personality traits to moderate the relationships between orthodontic treatment need and oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) in adolescents. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was performed that included 230 subjects (125 girls and 105 boys) aged 11-14 years. Orthodontic treatment need was measured using the Index of Complexity, Outcome and Need (ICON). The Child Perceptions Questionnaire, the Basic Personality Traits Inventory (BPTI), and the Revised Life Orientation Test were used to assess the OHRQoL, basic personality dimensions, and dispositional optimism respectively...
May 22, 2018: Angle Orthodontist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782197/dental-pain-and-oral-health-related-quality-of-life-in-individuals-with-severe-dental-anxiety
#5
Lisa Svensson, Magnus Hakeberg, Ulla Wide
OBJECTIVES: To analyze the prevalence and level of dental pain among adult individuals with severe dental anxiety (DA), and the association between dental pain and oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL). METHODS: The study was based on 170 adult individuals with DA referred to a specialized DA clinic. All patients answered a questionnaire including questions on DA (DAS, DFS), OHRQoL (OIDP) and dental pain. An adapted clinical examination and a panoramic radiograph revealed the present oral status...
May 21, 2018: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781751/posology-adjustments-of-oral-antineoplastic-agents-for-special-populations-patients-with-renal-impairment-hepatic-impairment-and-hematologic-toxicities
#6
Julieta González, Matías Quiroga, Vicente Escudero-Vilaplana, Roberto Collado-Borrell, Ana Herranz-Alonso, María Sanjurjo Sáez
BACKGROUND: Oral antineoplastic agents (OAA) have reached 30-50% of all antineoplastic treatments. Although they seem safer than parenteral therapy, many severe problems can occur if the dose is not adequately adjusted in special situations. Our objective is to create a comprehensive guide with dosage adjustment recommendations for OAA in cases of renal and hepatic impairment and hematologic toxicities. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: We analyzed all OAA approved by EMA in July 2017...
May 21, 2018: Expert Opinion on Drug Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781298/treatment-of-dental-biofilm-with-a-tincture-of-bauhinia-forficata-leaves-an-ex-vivo-study
#7
Julio Cesar C Ferreira-Filho, Andressa Temperini de Oliveira Marre, Juliana Soares de Sá Almeida, Leandro Araújo Lobo, Adriana Farah, Ana Maria Gondim Valença, Andréa Fonseca-Gonçalves
The inhibitory activity of a Bauhinia forficata tincture (TBF) was investigated against oral microorganism's strains and against a mature oral biofilm. The viability of planktonic cells was analyzed by Minimal Inhibitory and Microbicidal concentrations of TBF. Salivary samples from health volunteers were collected and mixed to form a saliva pool. An aliquot from this pool were seeded on membranes, which were incubated to form biofilm (48 h). The biofilm was treated according to the groups: G1-Chlorhexidine 0...
May 21, 2018: Natural Product Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780790/association-of-youth-characteristics-and-recent-utilization-of-dental-services-in-the-united-states
#8
Ilana R A Chertok, Nathaniel Chertok, Zelalem T Haile, Bhakti Chavan
Background: Oral health is important for overall health of youth, although dental service utilization is lower than national goals. The purpose of the study was to identify sociodemographic and health behavioral characteristics of youth in the United States who reported having at least one dental visit in the past 12 months. Methods: Secondary data analysis was conducted using the 2015 Youth Risk Behavior Survey (YRBS) to examine factors associated with dental care utilization using Andersen's theory-based Behavioral Model of Health Care Utilization...
2018: Frontiers in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780740/impact-of-sense-of-coherence-on-oral-health-among-bus-drivers-a-cross-sectional-study
#9
Shaik Ijaz Ahmed, Kudlur Maheswarappa Sudhir, V Chandra Sekhara Reddy, R V S Krishna Kumar, G Srinivasulu, Athuluru Deepthi
Aim and Objectives: To assess the sense of coherence (SOC) and the impact of SOC on oral hygiene behaviors and oral health status among bus drivers in Nellore district, Andhra Pradesh. Materials and Methods: A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted during August-September 2017. Cluster random sampling methodology was used for the selection of drivers. Five depots were randomly selected from the list of various Andhra Pradesh State Road Transport Corporation depots in Nellore district...
March 2018: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780732/effect-of-fixed-metallic-oral-appliances-on-oral-health
#10
REVIEW
Ahmad Alnazzawi
There is a substantial proportion of the population using fixed metallic oral appliances, such as crowns and bridges, which are composed of various dental alloys. These restorations may be associated with a number of effects on oral health with variable degrees of severity, to review potential effects of using fixed metallic oral appliances, fabricated from various alloys. The MEDLINE/PubMed database was searched using certain combinations of keywords related to the topic. The search revealed that burning mouth syndrome, oral pigmentation, hypersensitivity and lichenoid reactions, and genotoxic and cytotoxic effects are the major potential oral health changes associated with fixed prosthodontic appliances...
March 2018: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780034/improving-predictive-asthma-algorithms-with-modelled-environment-data-for-scotland-an-observational-cohort-study-protocol
#11
Ireneous N Soyiri, Aziz Sheikh, Stefan Reis, Kimberly Kavanagh, Massimo Vieno, Tom Clemens, Edward J Carnell, Jiafeng Pan, Abby King, Rachel C Beck, Hester J T Ward, Chris Dibben, Chris Robertson, Colin R Simpson
INTRODUCTION: Asthma has a considerable, but potentially, avoidable burden on many populations globally. Scotland has some of the poorest health outcomes from asthma. Although ambient pollution, weather changes and sociodemographic factors have been associated with asthma attacks, it remains unclear whether modelled environment data and geospatial information can improve population-based asthma predictive algorithms. We aim to create the afferent loop of a national learning health system for asthma in Scotland...
May 20, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779819/barriers-for-nutritional-care-in-the-transition-from-hospital-to-the-community-among-older-patients
#12
Yulia Ginzburg, Inbar Shmilovitz, Nechama Monastyrsky, Ronit Endevelt, Danit R Shahar
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Data on the continuity of nutritional care in the transition from the hospital to the community is scarce although its impact on medical complications is highly significant. The aim of the current study is to determine level of adherence to dietary recommendations after hospitalization and identify barriers for adherence. METHODS: A prospective study among patients age ≥65 who were treated with oral nutritional supplements (ONS) during their hospitalization and discharged with dietary recommendations...
June 2018: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779505/herd-level-infectious-disease-surveillance-of-livestock-populations-using-aggregate-samples
#13
Marisa L Rotolo, Rodger G Main, Jeffrey J Zimmerman
All sectors of livestock production are in the process of shifting from small populations on many farms to large populations on fewer farms. A concurrent shift has occurred in the number of livestock moved across political boundaries. The unintended consequence of these changes has been the appearance of multifactorial diseases that are resistant to traditional methods of prevention and control. The need to understand complex animal health conditions mandates a shift toward the collection of longitudinal animal health data...
May 21, 2018: Animal Health Research Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779389/-prevalence-and-severity-of-chronic-parodontitis-and-oral-mucosal-lesions-in-chronic-obstructive-lung-disease
#14
Ágnes Bán, Zsolt Ferenc Németh, Adrienn Szauter, Szilvia Soós, Márta Balaskó
INTRODUCTION: Chronic parodontitis is a prevalent oral disease that may lead to the loss of teeth independently of caries. Some systemic diseases (e.g., diabetes mellitus, chronic renal failure) may aggravate chronic parodontitis. On the other hand, this oral disease may aggravate other systemic diseases. Earlier studies suggested a correlation between chronic parodontitis and very severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). AIM: The aim of our study was the investigation of the correlation between chronic parodontitis and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease...
May 2018: Orvosi Hetilap
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779283/-prevalence-survey-of-dental-trauma-to-immature-permanent-teeth-in-xi-an-schoolchildren
#15
Xiao-Min Wang, Xue-Long Su, Hong Wang, Fei Liu, Ya-Ping Zhao, Qing-Yu Guo
OBJECTIVE: The prevalence rate, distribution, and reasons of immature permanent-tooth trauma in Xi'an were investigated and described, and a scientific basis was provided for the decision-making of health-administration departments. METHODS: Through cluster and simple random sampling survey, 4 013 pupils in schools from nine districts and four counties in Xi'an were sampled. All pupils and their parents were requested to complete a questionnaire. Oral examinations were conducted for children who had immature permanent teeth trauma...
April 1, 2018: Hua Xi Kou Qiang Yi Xue za Zhi, Huaxi Kouqiang Yixue Zazhi, West China Journal of Stomatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779275/-salivary-microbial-communities-associated-with-severe-early-childhood-caries
#16
Tong-Zheng Sun, Fei Teng, Song-Bo Jia, Yong-Ping Tang, Ming Jiang, Shi Huang, Xiao Yuan, Xiao-Lan Li, Fang Yang
OBJECTIVE: To compare the salivary microbial profiles of healthy subjects and those with severe early childhood caries (S-ECC) by using high-throughput sequencing. METHODS: Salivary samples were obtained from children with S-ECC (group C, n=24) and healthy children (group H, n=24). Total metagenomic DNA was extracted, and DNA amplicons of the V1-V3 hypervariable region of the 16S rRNA gene were generated and subjected to 454 sequencing. The characteristics of oral microbial communities from the two groups were compared based on microbial diversity and taxonomy assignment...
April 1, 2018: Hua Xi Kou Qiang Yi Xue za Zhi, Huaxi Kouqiang Yixue Zazhi, West China Journal of Stomatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779261/better-diet-quality-is-associated-with-lower-odds-of-severe-periodontitis-in-us-hispanics-latinos
#17
Christian R Salazar, Nadia Laniado, Yasmin Mossavar-Rahmani, Luisa N Borrell, Qibin Qi, Daniela Sotres-Alvarez, Douglas E Morse, Richard H Singer, Robert C Kaplan, Victor Badner, Ira B Lamster
AIM: We investigated the cross-sectional association between diet quality and severe periodontitis in a sample of diverse Hispanics from the Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 13,920 Hispanic/Latinos aged 18-74 years of different heritages underwent a full-mouth oral examination and completed two 24hr dietary recalls during 2008-2011. Severe periodontitis was defined as having ≥30% tooth sites with clinical attachment loss ≥ 5mm...
May 19, 2018: Journal of Clinical Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779259/periodontal-status-among-elderly-inhabitants-of-northern-manhattan-the-whicap-ancillary-study-of-oral-health
#18
Jaffer A Shariff, Sandra Burkett, Caitlin Wei-Ming Watson, Bin Cheng, James M Noble, Panos N Papapanou
AIM: We conducted a cross-sectional study of the prevalence, extent and severity of periodontitis in a tri-ethnic cohort of ≥65 year-old participants of the Washington-Heights Inwood Community Aging Project (WHICAP). METHODS: 1,130 individuals (57% of eligible invitees) participated in a full-mouth periodontal examination that included assessments of bleeding on probing, pocket depth and clinical attachment loss (CAL) at six sites/tooth. RESULTS: Participants had a mean age of 75...
May 19, 2018: Journal of Clinical Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779218/an-analysis-of-the-timing-and-materials-associated-with-pulp-disease-following-restorative-dental-treatment
#19
J B Yong, S Sivarajan, P V Abbott
AIM: To assess whether the timing of pulp disease after tooth restoration was associated with type of restorative dental material used, extent of the restoration, or tooth type. METHODOLOGY: A comprehensive search and analysis of data using the Titanium Oral Health Management software program at The Oral Health Centre of Western Australia was performed to correlate procedural codes for teeth that had restorations placed and subsequently developed pulp disease requiring endodontic treatment or extraction from 1st January 2009 to 31st December 2013...
May 19, 2018: International Endodontic Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779210/the-association-between-missing-teeth-and-non-alcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-in-adults
#20
Feng Qiao, Kaiyu Fu, Qing Zhang, Li Liu, Ge Meng, Hongmei Wu, Yang Xia, Xue Bao, Yeqing Gu, Hongbin Shi, Shaomei Sun, Xing Wang, Ming Zhou, Qiyu Jia, Kun Song, Kaijun Niu
AIMS: Long-term oral chronic inflammatory process is closely related to systemic inflammation, which is a main mechanism involved in non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). Tooth loss could reflect the accumulation of oral local inflammation, implying that number of missing teeth may associate with NAFLD. This study evaluated the association between missing teeth and presence of NAFLD in a general population. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study of 24,470 adults was carried out from the Tianjin Chronic Low-grade Systemic Inflammation and Health Cohort Study...
May 19, 2018: Journal of Clinical Periodontology
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