keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Infectious keratitis

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724812/use-of-glycerol-preserved-corneas-for-corneal-transplants
#1
Neeti Gupta, Prerna Upadhyay
PURPOSE: This study was carried out to see the results of glycerol-preserved cornea (GPC) in emergency situation when fresh corneal tissue was not available. The aim was to study the outcome of corneal transplantation using GPC. METHODS: This was a retrospective study. The medical records of all the patients were reviewed, who underwent keratoplasty using "GPC" during the period from October 2011 to December 2015. The indication of keratoplasty, duration of preservation of the GPC, and its outcome were analyzed...
July 2017: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704321/observation-of-retrocorneal-plaques-in-patients-with-infectious-keratitis-using-anterior-segment-optical-coherence-tomography
#2
Yuki Takezawa, Takashi Suzuki, Atsushi Shiraishi
PURPOSE: Endothelial plaques are a typical characteristic in patients with fungal keratitis. However, bacterial keratitis and herpetic keratouveitis are rarely associated with fibrin formation on the retrocorneal surface. This study was conducted to examine plaques attached to the endothelium in patients with infectious keratitis using anterior segment optical coherence tomography (AS-OCT). METHODS: Seventeen patients (10 women and 7 men; mean age, 75 ± 15.5 years) suspected to have infectious keratitis with retrocorneal plaques were included...
July 11, 2017: Cornea
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691942/rose-bengal-photodynamic-antimicrobial-therapy-a-novel-treatment-for-resistant-fusarium-keratitis
#3
Guillermo Amescua, Alejandro Arboleda, Neda Nikpoor, Heather Durkee, Nidhi Relhan, Mariela C Aguilar, Harry W Flynn, Darlene Miller, Jean-Marie Parel
PURPOSE: To evaluate the efficacy of rose bengal PDAT for the management of a patient with multidrug-resistant Fusarium keratoplasticum keratitis unresponsive to standard clinical treatment. METHODS: This case report presents a clinical case of F. keratoplasticum keratitis not responsive to standard medical care. In vitro studies from patients culture isolated responded to rose bengal PDAT. Patient received two treatments with rose bengal 0.1% and exposure to green light with a total energy of 2...
July 6, 2017: Cornea
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28660128/medical-and-surgical-management-of-pasteurella-canis-infectious-keratitis
#4
Ankit Shah, Mansi Talati, Thomas Mauger
INTRODUCTION: We describe a case of refractory Pasteurella Canis keratitis that initially failed antimicrobial treatment but was successfully treated with a conjunctival flap followed by a penetrating keratoplasty. CASE DISCUSSION: A 70-year-old male had persistent corneal edema related to previous herpes zoster keratouveitis with visual acuity of 20/400. An endothelial keratoplasty was performed with improvement in vision to 20/25. Several months after this surgery the patient developed a corneal infiltrate and cultures grew Pasturella canis...
2017: IDCases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28659135/bilateral-morganella-morganii-keratitis-in-a-patient-with-facial-topical-corticosteroid-induced-rosacea-like-dermatitis-a-case-report
#5
Bei Zhang, Fei Pan, Kejian Zhu
BACKGROUND: Bilateral keratitis rarely occurs in individuals without predisposing factors. Here we describe the clinical course of a patient who developed a bilateral keratitis caused by Morganella. morganii which might be associated with long term using of topical corticosteroids-containing preparations on the face. CASE PRESENTATION: A 52-year-old female patient presented with marked bilateral corneal infiltration and hypopyon without any usual predisposing factors for bilateral infectious keratitis...
June 28, 2017: BMC Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28656012/pathobiology-and-immunobiology-of-acanthamoeba-keratitis-insights-from-animal-models%C3%A2
#6
REVIEW
Sudha Neelam, Jerry Y Niederkorn
Acanthamoeba keratitis (AK) is a rare but sight-threatening disease caused by pathogenic species of Acanthamoeba. Despite its ubiquitous nature, the incidence of AK is relatively low compared to other forms of infectious keratitis. Although contact lens wear is a major risk factor, exposure to contaminated water and ocular trauma are also associated with AK. Once a patient develops AK the prognosis is very poor unless an aggressive treatment regimen is initiated early. Some of the intriguing features of AK are the lack of immunological memory, resistance of the dormant cyst form to treatment, differences between the pathogenic strains and soil isolates of Acanthamoeba and the unique role of the innate immune system in controlling this disease...
June 2017: Yale Journal of Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637763/analysis-of-hsv-reactivation-in-explant-reveals-a-method-dependent-difference-in-measured-timing-of-reactivation
#7
Jessica R Doll, Nancy M Sawtell
Herpes simplex virus (HSV) infection is widespread in the human population. Following orofacial infection, HSV establishes latency in innervating sensory neurons, primarily located in the trigeminal ganglia. A central feature of HSV pathogenesis is the ability to periodically reactivate in those neurons and transport back to the body surface. Both transmission and disease; such as keratitis, encephalitis, and neurodegeneration, have been linked to reactivation. Despite invaluable insights obtained from model systems, interactions between viral and host functions that regulate reactivation are still incompletely understood...
June 21, 2017: Journal of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631638/clinicomicrobiological-profile-of-endophthalmitis-a-10-year-experience-in-a-tertiary-care-center-in-north-india
#8
Gita Satpathy, Niranjan Nayak, Meenakshi Wadhwani, Pradeep Venkwatesh, Atul Kumar, Yograj Sharma, Vishnu Sreenivas
PURPOSE: To determine the clinicomicrobiological profile of infectious agents and their antibiotic susceptibility in different type of endophthalmitis. METHODS: A retrospective review of clinical and microbiological records from January 2001 to December 2010, was performed in 1110 patients diagnosed with different type of endophthalmitis (postoperative, posttraumatic, endogenous and post keratitis) to record the demographic details, clinical presentations; microbiological agents isolated with their antimicrobial sensitivity pattern...
April 2017: Indian Journal of Pathology & Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630792/corneal-collagen-crosslinking-treatment-in-a-case-with-pneumococcal-keratitis
#9
Ayşe Bozkurt Oflaz, Banu Bozkurt, Ümit Kamış, Bengü Ekinci Köktekir
Bacterial keratitis is a serious ocular infectious disease that can threaten vision. The disease generally progresses rapidly and can lead to corneal scar, stromal abscess formation, perforation, and dissemination to adjacent tissues if not treated properly. Recent studies showed that corneal collagen crosslinking (CCC) using ultraviolet-A/riboflavin is effective in the treatment of bacterial keratitis refractory to topical antibiotic treatment. In addition to being bactericidal, CCC also decreases risk of perforation by strengthening the corneal collagen structure...
June 2017: Turkish Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626819/comparison-of-bandage-contact-lens-removal-on-the-fourth-versus-seventh-postoperative-day-after-photorefractive-keratectomy-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#10
Mehrdad Mohammadpour, Delaram Shakoor, Hassan Hashemi, Mohamad Aghaie Meybodi, Fateme Rajabi, Pegah Hosseini
PURPOSE: To compare the outcomes of bandage contact lens (BCL) removal on the fourth versus seventh post-operative day following photorefractive keratectomy (PRK). METHODS: This study recruited eyes of patients who underwent PRK surgery. The patients were randomly assigned to 2 groups. In Group 1 BCL was removed on the 4th postoperative day, while in Group 2, BCL was removed on the 7th postoperative day. After BCL removal, patients were asked to express their pain score and eye discomfort...
June 2017: Journal of Current Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606270/-keratoplasty-classification-and-primary-disease-spectrum-analysis-of-315-cases
#11
S B Cai, M Sun, S Li, L J Xu, W Wang, J Wang, W K Hu, X Y Li, P Wang, H Zhang, G G Li
Objective: To identify the primary disease spectrum and trends of surgical procedure of keratoplasty patients. Methods: Retrospective case series study. To review all patients who underwent keratoplasty at Department of ophthalmology in Tongji Hospital from January 1, 2012 to December 31, 2015. The data collected included age, sex, birthplace, and primary corneal disease and associated surgical procedures. Then the data were compared with similar papers domestic and foreign. Results: A total of 315 keratoplasties were performed during this 4-year period...
June 11, 2017: [Zhonghua Yan Ke za Zhi] Chinese Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602948/emerging-strategies-for-antimicrobial-drug-delivery-to-the-ocular-surface-implications-for-infectious-keratitis
#12
REVIEW
Ajay Sharma, Jonathan Taniguchi
Infectious keratitis is a medical emergency that can cause severe visual morbidity if not treated promptly. Depending upon the causative microorganism, effective management of infectious keratitis requires frequent application of antibacterial, antifungal, or antiviral eye drops, which may have low bioavailability, undesirable side effects, and poor patient compliance. Ocular formulations of antimicrobials that can increase corneal permeation and provide extended presence on ocular surface are being developed...
June 7, 2017: Ocular Surface
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28591279/detection-of-herpes-simplex-1-and-2-and-varicella-zoster-virus-by-quantitative-real-time-polymerase-chain-reaction-in-corneas-from-patients-with-bacterial-keratitis
#13
Heloisa Nascimento, Aripuanã Watanabe, Ana Carolina Cabreira Vieira, Andrea Pelegrini, Maria Cecília Yu, Paulo José Martins Bispo, Celso Francisco Hernandes Granato, Ana Luisa Höfling-Lima
Objective: Bacterial keratitis occurs worldwide, and despite recent developments, it remains a potentially blinding condition. This study assesses the presence of herpes simplex virus (HSV-1 and -2) and varicella zoster virus (VZV) by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qPCR) in corneal scrapings from patients with bacterial keratitis. Methods: A total of 65 patients with clinical diagnoses of infectious corneal ulcers prospectively underwent clinical eye examinations...
March 2017: Arquivos Brasileiros de Oftalmologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28586930/-mid-and-longterm-experiences-with-the-boston-keratoprosthesis-the-cologne-and-salzburg-perspective
#14
Friederike Schaub, Björn O Bachmann, Orang Seyeddain, Sarah Moussa, Herbert A Reitsamer, Claus Cursiefen
Background Eyes with severe corneal opacifications and insufficient prognosis for high-risk corneal transplantation can be considered for the implantation of a Boston-keratoprosthesis. Since 2013, this technique of "artificial" corneal replacement is provided to high-risk eyes at the Department of Ophthalmology, University of Cologne and for 9 years at the University of Salzburg. In the meantime, a type I Boston keratoprosthesis (BI-KPro) has been implanted in 24 eyes in Cologne and in 28 eyes in Salzburg. Methods In this article, results and complications according to BI-KPro are discussed, both from the literature in PubMed, as well as from our own experiences...
June 2017: Klinische Monatsblätter Für Augenheilkunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28562149/in-vivo-laser-confocal-microscopy-using-the-hrt-rostock-cornea-module-diversity-and-diagnostic-implications-in-patients-with-uveitis
#15
Lyndell L Lim, Jing Xie, Chyn C Chua, Tiffany Wong, Lani T Hoang, Matthias D Becker, Eric B Suhler, James T Rosenbaum, Friederike Mackensen
PURPOSE: Keratic precipitates (KP) are a common feature of uveitis. We prospectively examined KP with the Heidelberg Retinal Tomograph II confocal laser scanning microscope and Rostock Corneal Module (HRT-RCM) to explore their diagnostic implications. METHODS: Prospective, observational, multicenter study. HRT-RCM images were classified by two masked observers. RESULTS: 120 scans on 120 eyes from 110 subjects were included. The majority (N = 93) had non-infectious uveitis...
May 31, 2017: Ocular Immunology and Inflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546687/adjunctive-therapies-for-bacterial-keratitis
#16
REVIEW
Turki Abdulaziz Bin Dakhil, Donald U Stone, David C Gritz
Bacterial keratitis is the most common type among all types of infectious keratitis. Currently, antibiotics are the main-stay of treatment. The objective of this systematic review is to review published clinical studies which discuss the adjunctive treatment of bacterial keratitis to guide clinical decision-making. We reviewed the role of a variety of medications and surgeries which can help in managing bacterial keratitis complications, which include as thinning, perforation, and impaired wound healing. We have included appropriate animal and laboratory studies, case reports and case series, and randomized clinical trials regarding each therapy...
January 2017: Middle East African Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534320/infectious-keratitis-and-orthokeratology-lens-use-a-systematic-review
#17
REVIEW
Ka Wai Kam, Wing Yung, Gabriel Ka Hin Li, Li Jia Chen, Alvin L Young
PURPOSE: Myopia is a prevalent condition among Asians. Orthokeratology lens has gained popularity as a method of myopia control. This systematic review is to summarize the clinical profile of infectious keratitis in association with orthokeratology lens wear. METHODS: We searched in the PubMed and EMBASE for articles adopting the search strategy "(orthokeratology lens OR orthokeratology) AND (bacterial eye infection OR keratitis OR cornea ulcer OR microbial keratitis OR bacterial keratitis)", from the start date of the databases to August 23, 2016...
May 22, 2017: Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532931/infectious-keratitis-after-laser-vision-correction-incidence-and-risk-factors
#18
Julie M Schallhorn, Steven C Schallhorn, Keith Hettinger, Stephen Hannan
PURPOSE: To describe the incidence and risk factors associated with microbial keratitis in a large population of laser vision correction (LVC) patients. SETTING: Optical Express centers, Glasgow, United Kingdom. DESIGN: Retrospective case series. METHODS: Records were searched to identify all cases of presumed microbial keratitis after LVC between January 1, 2008, and April 1, 2015. Consecutive patients having primary or enhancement LVC during that time served as controls...
April 2017: Journal of Cataract and Refractive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513490/coexistence-of-herpes-simplex-virus-infection-in-microsporidial-stromal-keratitis-associated-with-granulomatous-inflammation
#19
Ruchi Mittal, Praveen K Balne, Srikant Sahu, Sujata Das, Savitri Sharma
BACKGROUND: Microsporidial stromal keratitis poses several diagnostic challenges. Patients may present with corneal ulceration, marked stromal thinning, or even as a quite corneal scar. The presentation of microsporidial stromal keratitis commonly mimics viral keratitis. Microbiology scrapings are usually helpful; however, scraping and culture-negative cases pose a significant diagnostic dilemma. Histopathological examination is diagnostic but shows varying degree of inflammation, predominantly composed of polymorphonuclear leukocytes...
April 2017: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495906/emergency-corneal-grafting-in-the-uk-a-6-year-analysis-of-the-uk-transplant-registry
#20
Parwez Hossain, Abdo Karim Tourkmani, Dimitri Kazakos, Mark Jones, David Anderson
BACKGROUND: Corneal graft (CG) surgery is the most common and successful tissue transplant worldwide. A small and important group of patients are operated in emergency situations, typically to save a perforated eye. Our knowledge of the indications and outcomes of emergency corneal graft (eCG) is limited. METHODS: Retrospective, multifactorial analysis of all CGs registered by the UK Transplant Service from April 1999 to March 2005. RESULTS: A total of 12 976 CGs were performed...
May 11, 2017: British Journal of Ophthalmology
keyword
keyword
25691
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"