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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045912/the-lived-experience-of-first-year-undergraduate-student-nurses-a-hermeneutic-phenomenological-study
#1
Debra J Porteous, Alison Machin
INTRODUCTION: This study gives insight into the experiences and perceptions of one group of undergraduate nursing students as they make the transition into Higher Education and the nursing profession, during the first year, of their three-year programme. Research has shown that first year undergraduate experience is complex and challenging for any student. For undergraduate nursing students, the process of achieving additional professional practice competencies required for United Kingdom nursing registration adds additional responsibility and potentially, more pressure...
October 3, 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045275/medical-education-in-decentralized-settings-how-medical-students-contribute-to-health-care-in-10-sub-saharan-african-countries
#2
Zohray Talib, Susan van Schalkwyk, Ian Couper, Swaha Pattanaik, Khadija Turay, Atiene S Sagay, Rhona Baingana, Sarah Baird, Bernhard Gaede, Jehu Iputo, Minnie Kibore, Rachel Manongi, Antony Matsika, Mpho Mogodi, Jeremais Ramucesse, Heather Ross, Moses Simuyeba, Damen Haile-Mariam
PURPOSE: African medical schools are expanding, straining resources at tertiary health facilities. Decentralizing clinical training can alleviate this tension. This study assessed the impact of decentralized training and contribution of undergraduate medical students at health facilities. METHOD: Participants were from 11 Medical Education Partnership Initiative-funded medical schools in 10 African countries. Each school identified two clinical training sites-one rural and the other either peri-urban or urban...
October 17, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045004/wound-care-evidence-knowledge-and-education-amongst-nurses-a-semi-systematic-literature-review
#3
Lynn Welsh
The aims of this study were to determine the knowledge and skills of nurses involved in wound care, to provide a critical overview of the current evidence base underpinning wound care and to determine the extent of utilisation of existing evidence by nurses involved in the management of wounds in practice. A semi-systematic review of the literature was undertaken on Cinahl, Medline Science Direct and Cochrane using the search terms: wound, tissue viability, education, nurse, with limitations set for dates between 2009 and 2017 and English language...
October 17, 2017: International Wound Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044652/the-impact-of-accreditation-on-medical-schools-processes
#4
Danielle Blouin, Ara Tekian, Carol Kamin, Ilene B Harris
OBJECTIVES: Increased emphasis is being placed worldwide on accreditation of undergraduate medical education programmes, and costs of participation in accreditation continue to rise. The primary purposes of accreditation are to ensure the quality of medical education and to promote quality improvement. Student performance data as indicators of the impact of accreditation have important limitations. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the impact of accreditation using an innovative marker: the processes implemented at medical schools as a result of accreditation...
October 18, 2017: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042882/validation-of-the-korean-depressive-symptom-inventory-suicidality-subscale
#5
Sooyeon Suh, Hyera Ryu, Carol Chu, Melanie Hom, Megan L Rogers, Thomas Joiner
OBJECTIVE: The present study aimed to validate a Korean version of the self-report Depressive Symptom Inventory-Suicidality Subscale (DSI-SS). METHODS: 553 South Korean undergraduate students (aged 18-34 years, 74.8% females) completed questionnaires. Participants completed Korean versions of the self-report Depressive Symptom Inventory-Suicidality Subscale (DSI-SS), Beck Depression Inventory-II (BDI-II), Insomnia Severity Index (ISI), Beck Scale for Suicide Ideation (BSS), and a measure of suicide-related symptom history...
September 2017: Psychiatry Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042880/initial-psychometric-properties-of-the-korean-altman-self-rating-mania-scale-preliminary-validation-study-in-a-non-clinical-sample
#6
Bin-Na Kim, Seok-Man Kwon
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to examine the reliability and validity of the Korean Altman Self-Rating Mania Scale (K-ASRM) in a large sample of Korean non-clinical undergraduates. METHODS: Participants (n=1,091) filled out the K-ASRM with other self-report questionnaires assessing bipolarity, mood symptoms and affect. Reliability test, exploratory factor analysis and correlation analyses were conducted to examine its psychometric properties. RESULTS: The reliability of the K-ASRM was adequate (Cronbach's α=0...
September 2017: Psychiatry Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042827/use-of-a-problem-based-learning-teaching-model-for-undergraduate-medical-and-nursing-education-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#7
REVIEW
Mehdi Sayyah, Kiarash Shirbandi, Amal Saki-Malehi, Fakher Rahim
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to evaluate the problem-based learning (PBL) method as an alternative to conventional educational methods in Iranian undergraduate medical courses. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We systematically searched international datasets banks, including PubMed, Scopus, and Embase, and internal resources of banks, including MagirIran, IranMedex, IranDoc, and Scientific Information Database (SID), using appropriate search terms, such as "PBL", "problem-based learning", "based on problems", "active learning", and" learner centered", to identify PBL studies, and these were combined with other key terms such as "medical", "undergraduate", "Iranian", "Islamic Republic of Iran", "I...
2017: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29041784/descriptive-study-of-burnout-compassion-fatigue-and-compassion-satisfaction-in-undergraduate-nursing-students-at-a-tertiary-education-institution-in-kwazulu-natal
#8
Christina T Mathias, Dorien L Wentzel
BACKGROUND: Studies have investigated burnout and compassion fatigue among nurses and effects in the nursing profession. However, there are limited investigations of burnout and compassion fatigue among undergraduate nursing students in South Africa, as nursing students may experience distressful situations during their nursing education course, which may have an impact during their training and in their profession as they graduate. PURPOSE: The purpose of this descriptive study was to describe compassion satisfaction, compassion fatigue and burnout among undergraduate nursing students at a tertiary nursing institution...
September 22, 2017: Curationis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037185/research-involvement-among-undergraduate-health-sciences-students-a-cross-sectional-study
#9
J Bovijn, N Kajee, T M Esterhuizen, S C Van Schalkwyk
BACKGROUND: The development of research capacity among undergraduates is an important intervention in countering the documented decrease in medical and health sciences researchers. The literature on undergraduate research generally emanates from smaller scale studies that have been conducted in high income countries, with a focus on medical students. This cross-sectional study was conducted in a Sub-Saharan country, included a population of medical and allied health professions (AHP) students, and aimed to improve our understanding of the factors influencing undergraduate student research...
October 16, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037119/a-qualitative-study-of-new-graduates-readiness-to-use-nursing-informatics-in-acute-care-settings-clinical-nurse-educators-perspectives
#10
Eun Hee Shin, Elizabeth Cummings, Karen Ford
BACKGROUND: There is an increase in demand for newly graduated nurses who are ready to use nursing informatics efficiently in technology-rich healthcare environments. However, the progress of embedding nursing informatics into curricula has been slow worldwide and literature reports graduates are not ready to use nursing informatics tools effectively in the workplace, posing potential threats to patient safety. In the absence of National Standards for nursing informatics competencies, graduates' nursing informatics needs on entering the workplace need to be explored...
October 17, 2017: Contemporary Nurse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035872/a-review-of-antimicrobial-stewardship-training-in-medical-education
#11
REVIEW
Sarah L Silverberg, Vanessa E Zannella, Drew Countryman, Ana Patricia Ayala, Erica Lenton, Farah Friesen, Marcus Law
Objectives: We reviewed the published literature on antimicrobial stewardship training in undergraduate and postgraduate medical education to determine which interventions have been implemented, the extent to which they have been evaluated, and to understand which are most effective. Methods: We searched Ovid MEDLINE and EMBASE from inception to December 2016. Four thousand three hundred eighty-five (4385) articles were identified and underwent title and abstract review...
October 12, 2017: International Journal of Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033521/reliability-of-rubrics-in-the-assessment-of-orthodontic-oral-presentation
#12
Naif A Bindayel
AIMS: The aim of this study was to evaluate the reliability of using rubrics in dental education, specifically for undergraduate students' assessment in orthodontic oral presentation. METHODS: A rubric-based case presentation assessment form was introduced to three contributing instructors. In each instructor's group, the course director, along with the assigned instructor, assessed 8 randomly selected fourth year male dental students utilizing the same assessment form (total of 24 students)...
October 2017: Saudi Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032293/facilitating-problem-based-learning-among-undergraduate-nursing-students-a-qualitative-systematic-review
#13
REVIEW
Jacqueline Wosinski, Anne E Belcher, Yvan Dürrenberger, Anne-Claude Allin, Coraline Stormacq, Linda Gerson
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to identify and synthesize the best available evidence on the perspective of undergraduate nursing students on facilitating elements that contribute to their success with PBL. DESIGN: a qualitative systematic review of the literature according to meta-aggregative methodology using the JBI SUMARI system was conducted. DATA SOURCES: Data was collected across CINAHL, Medline, Embase, Eric, Teacher Reference Center and reference lists...
September 8, 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031545/social-modeling-of-eating-mediated-by-mirror-neuron-activity-a-causal-model-moderated-by-frontal-asymmetry-and-bmi
#14
Laura McGeown, Ron Davis
The social modeling of eating effect refers to the consistently demonstrated phenomenon that individuals tend to match their quantity of food intake to their eating companion. The current study sought to explore whether activity within the mirror neuron system (MNS) mediates the social modeling of eating effect as a function of EEG frontal asymmetry and body mass index (BMI). Under the guise of rating empathy, 93 female undergraduates viewed a female video confederate "incidentally" consume either a low or high intake of chips while electroencephalogram (EEG) activity was recorded...
October 11, 2017: Behavioural Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026755/attitude-toward-learning-of-community-medicine-a-cross-sectional-study-among-medical-school-students
#15
Japhereena Murugavel, Vinoth Gnana Chellaiyan, Dhivyatharani Krishnamoorthy
BACKGROUND: Community medicine strives to protect and promote the health and well-being of the community through primary health care approach. However the preference of community medicine as career among medical school students and curriculum of community medicine is pivotal. AIM: The study intended to find the attitude towards learning of community medicine and also to assess the preference of post graduation specialty among medical school students. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross sectional study conducted at a teaching hospital located in Tamil Nadu, South India...
January 2017: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026450/incorporating-child-maltreatment-training-into-medical-school-curricula
#16
Heather L Pelletier, Michele Knox
The Child Advocacy Studies Training (CAST) program has been implemented at the graduate and undergraduate levels, but has not been incorporated in medical school training. This study examines the efficacy of a modified version of the CAST program that is tailored to meet the educational needs of medical students. A total sample of 75 first year medical students (57 at 6 month follow-up) participated in the study and completed analogue vignettes depicting cases of maltreatment. It was hypothesized that, relative to the comparison group, students who completed CAST training would demonstrate better accuracy at identifying and reporting maltreatment...
2017: Journal of Child & Adolescent Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024956/lessons-learned-from-piloting-mhealth-informatics-practice-curriculum-into-a-medical-elective
#17
Juanita Fernando, Jennifer Lindley
Introduction: This case study reports the development and delivery of an mHealth elective piloted for first-year undergraduate medical students at Monash University (Australia) and the lessons learned by designers. Results: The students were not as adept at using mHealth devices as the literature had predicted. Expert speakers using mHealth for practice perceptibly engaged students. Force-field analysis was a useful basis for devising end-user evaluative research tools for practice...
August 23, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association: JAMIA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023906/influence-of-risk-perception-on-attitudes-and-norms-regarding-electronic-cigarettes
#18
Craig W Trumbo
The use of electronic cigarettes has grown substantially over the last few years. Currently, about 4% of adults use electronic cigarettes, about 16% of high school students report use in the past 30 days, as do approximately 11-25% of college students. A hallmark of the reduction in tobacco use has been the shift in social norms concerning smoking in public. Such norms may also drive views on acceptability of public electronic cigarette use. While normative factors have been given attention, little substantive application of the literature on risk perception has been brought to bear...
October 11, 2017: Risk Analysis: An Official Publication of the Society for Risk Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023781/cleaning-of-used-rotary-nickel-titanium-files-in-an-ultrasonic-bath-by-locally-intensified-acoustic-cavitation
#19
L M Bryson, D Fernandez Rivas, C Boutsioukis
AIM: To compare the pre-sterilization cleaning of rotary Ni-Ti files of different sizes previously used a. ex vivo and b. clinically by a washer disinfector, a regular ultrasonic bath, and the same ultrasonic bath in combination with a recently developed cavitation intensifying method. METHODOLOGY: Two sets of two hundred rotary Ni-Ti files, one previously used ex vivo and another one used clinically, were collected from the undergraduate and postgraduate clinics of the Academic Centre for Dentistry Amsterdam (ACTA)...
October 12, 2017: International Endodontic Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023777/self-and-informant-perceptions-of-psychopathic-traits-in-relation-to-the-triarchic-model
#20
Shannon E Kelley, John F Edens, M Brent Donnellan, Elyse N Mowle, Karolina Sörman
OBJECTIVE: The validity of self-report psychopathy measures may be undermined by characteristics thought to be defining features of the construct, including poor self-awareness, pathological lying, and impression management. The current study examined agreement between self- and informant perceptions of psychopathic traits captured by the triarchic model (Patrick, Fowler, & Krueger, 2009) and the extent to which psychopathic traits are associated with socially desirable responding. METHOD: Participants were undergraduate roommate dyads (N = 174; Mage = 18...
October 10, 2017: Journal of Personality
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