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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454292/the-nursification-of-a-bioscience-unit-and-its-impact-on-student-satisfaction-and-learning-in-an-undergraduate-nursing-degree
#1
Sheila Mortimer-Jones, Catherine Fetherston
Undergraduate nursing students traditionally find bioscience difficult, which can be compounded by an inability to relate bioscience theory to nursing practice. Subsequently, many registered nurses feel they lack knowledge in this area. Several studies have identified this problem and focused on the importance of linking bioscience theory in undergraduate nursing curricula to clinical practice. The aim of this study was to assess whether nursification (the active association of a subject with nursing theory and practice) of the bioscience content of a first year, first semester unit impacts on the students' learning experience...
February 8, 2018: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453036/identifying-the-relative-importance-of-non-suicidal-self-injury-features-in-classifying-suicidal-ideation-plans-and-behavior-using-exploratory-data-mining
#2
Taylor A Burke, Ross Jacobucci, Brooke A Ammerman, Marilyn Piccirillo, Michael S McCloskey, Richard G Heimberg, Lauren B Alloy
Individuals with a history of non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) are at alarmingly high risk for suicidal ideation (SI), planning (SP), and attempts (SA). Given these findings, research has begun to evaluate the features of this multi-faceted behavior that may be most important to assess when quantifying risk for SI, SP, and SA. However, no studies have examined the wide range of NSSI characteristics simultaneously when determining which NSSI features are most salient to suicide risk. The current study utilized three exploratory data mining techniques (elastic net regression, decision trees, random forests) to address these gaps in the literature...
January 31, 2018: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452389/parity-associated-with-telomere-length-among-us-reproductive-age-women
#3
A Z Pollack, K Rivers, K A Ahrens
STUDY QUESTION: Is telomere length related to parity among a nationally representative sample of US reproductive age women? SUMMARY ANSWER: History of live birth was associated with shorter telomere length. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Shorter telomeres have been linked with a range of chronic health conditions and mortality and parity has been associated with health indicators. However, there is a lack of research on how parity relates to telomere length...
February 14, 2018: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450256/creation-and-validation-of-the-barriers-to-alcohol-reduction-bar-scale-using-classical-test-theory-and-item-response-theory
#4
Zachary J Kunicki, Melissa R Schick, Nichea S Spillane, Lisa L Harlow
Those who binge drink are at increased risk for alcohol-related consequences when compared to non-binge drinkers. Research shows individuals may face barriers to reducing their drinking behavior, but few measures exist to assess these barriers. This study created and validated the Barriers to Alcohol Reduction (BAR) scale. Participants were college students ( n = 230) who endorsed at least one instance of past-month binge drinking (4+ drinks for women or 5+ drinks for men). Using classical test theory, exploratory structural equation modeling found a two-factor structure of personal/psychosocial barriers and perceived program barriers...
June 2018: Addictive Behaviors Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450248/metacognitions-or-distress-intolerance-the-mediating-role-in-the-relationship-between-emotional-dysregulation-and-problematic-internet-use
#5
Mehdi Akbari
Objective: Given the relevance of problematic Internet use (PIU) to everyday life, its relationship to emotional dysregulation and the importance of metacognitions and distress intolerance in process and intermediaries research, this study examined which of metacognitions and distress intolerance acts as an intermediary between emotional dysregulation and PIU. Methods: In the current study, 413 undergraduate students from the University of Tehran, Iran (202 females; mean age = 20...
December 2017: Addictive Behaviors Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29448263/comparison-of-coronal-tooth-reductions-resulting-from-different-crown-preparations
#6
James Dudley
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to quantify the coronal tooth structure reductions (CTSRs) resulting from a variety of different types of crown preparations performed by undergraduate dental students in a simulation clinic teaching program. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 76 students each submitted 21 different crown preparations completed on typodont teeth, which were individually weighed and analyzed in relation to whole and sectioned reference teeth to calculate the CTSR resulting from each preparation...
February 15, 2018: International Journal of Prosthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447648/dermatology-medical-education-a-multicenter-survey-study-of-the-undergraduate-perspective-of-the-dermatology-clinical-clerkship
#7
Parastoo Davari, Jillian W Millsop, Mary Ann N Johnson, Stefani R Takahashi, David H Peng, Joanna Badger, Brooks A Bahr, Kanade Shinkai, Chin-Shang Li, Nasim Fazel
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Limited data are available regarding the undergraduate dermatology clinical clerkship curriculum in the United States. Our primaryaim is to assess medical students' perspectives of the dermatology clinical clerkship. METHODS: A multicenter survey study was conducted, which included four California dermatology academic programs. A 17-item questionnaire was designed to investigate medical student perception with regard tothe overall educational value of the various teaching aspects of the dermatology clinical clerkship...
December 15, 2017: Dermatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447623/community-health-workers-on-a-college-campus-effects-on-influenza-vaccination
#8
Jack J Huang, Maria Francesconi, Madeline H Cooper, Allyson Covello, Michelle Guo, Soheyla D Gharib
OBJECTIVE: To assess the impact of a campus community health worker program (HealthPALs) on student influenza vaccination. PARTICIPANTS: Undergraduate students at a northeastern US university (enrollment 6650), influenza seasons 2011-2012 through 2015-2016. METHODS: Study design: Difference-in-differences analysis of student vaccination at campus dormitory influenza clinics during intervention vs. baseline. INTERVENTION: In the first intervention year, HealthPALs conducted in-person peer outreach at several campus dormitory flu clinics...
February 15, 2018: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447616/predictors-of-positive-youth-development-in-first-year-college-students
#9
Sarah E Brewer, Nicole Nicotera, Chrisopher Veeh, Julie Anne Laser-Maira
OBJECTIVE: Emerging adulthood is an important phase in the transition to adulthood. Emerging adults experience minimal social control and incomplete development of executive functioning leaving this age-group at risk for misusing this newfound independence. Hence, it is important to understand pathways to support positive development (PD) outcomes. In this study, we examined the relationship between participation in civically engaged learning and PD among first-year college students. PARTICIPANTS: First-year college students (N = 225) were surveyed during the 2012-2013 academic year...
February 15, 2018: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447612/urban-college-student-self-report-of-hookah-use-with-health-care-providers
#10
Samir Ranjit Jani, Darryl Brown, Zekarias Berhane, Nadja Peter, Renee Turchi, Susan Solecki
OBJECTIVE: This study's purpose was to describe urban college students' communication about hookah with health care providers. PARTICIPANTS: Participants included a random sample of undergraduate urban college students and health care providers. METHODS: Students surveyed determined the epidemiology of hookah use in this population, how many health care providers asked about hookah, and how many students admitted hookah use to a physician...
February 15, 2018: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29446533/forms-of-capital-and-habitus-in-the-decision-to-go-on-academic-exchange
#11
Wolfgang Lehmann, Holly Trower
Although Canadian universities have made internationalization a strategic priority, only few Canadian students currently participate in any international study opportunities. Drawing on interviews with Canadian students who were about to spend some of their undergraduate education abroad as exchange students, or had recently returned from a study exchange, we argue that despite the importance of relatively high costs associated with international study experiences, cultural factors play a more important role in enabling the decision to study abroad...
February 2018: Canadian Review of Sociology, Revue Canadienne de Sociologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29446005/assessing-oral-cancer-awareness-among-dental-students
#12
Gaye Keser, Filiz Namdar Pekiner
The aim of this study was to assess oral cancer awareness among undergraduate dental students in Marmara University Faculty of Dentistry. A validated questionnaire which tested oral cancer awareness was given to third- and fifth-year students of the dental faculty of Marmara University. A total of 198 students participated in this survey. Knowledge of oral cancer risk factors and diagnosis procedures, dentistry student's attitude towards oral cancers, management practice regarding oral cancer, and oral cancer information sources were assessed using 25 questions...
February 14, 2018: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29445995/long-term-exposure-to-ambient-air-pollution-in-childhood-adolescence-and-lung-function-in-adulthood
#13
A Dubrowski, K Kliś, M Żurawiecka, K Dereń, M Barszcz, D Nowakowski, I Wronka
The aim of the study was to evaluate the effect of air pollution in the dwelling place during childhood-adolescence on respiratory function in early adulthood. The study was conducted in 220 female and 160 male university undergraduates in the cities of Cracow and Wroclaw in Poland and consisted of spirometry to assess lung function. The subjects' exposure to pollution during childhood-adolescence was assessed from the data acquired by the Polish Chief Inspectorate for Environmental Protection. We found differences in all spirometry variables depending on benz[a]piren exposure, in FVC% and FEV 1 /%FVC depending on PM 2...
February 15, 2018: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29445309/the-role-of-pairing-an-anesthesiology-rotation-with-the-general-surgery-clerkship-positive-impact-on-surgical-and-perioperative-education
#14
Gaurav P Patel
Background: The use of an anesthesiology rotation in the realm of surgical education is not very well studied. Several studies show the importance of an anesthesiology rotation in the grand scheme of undergraduate medical education. However, its importance in perioperative medicine and surgical education is not very well understood. This study attempts to look at this relationship and determine whether or not a temporal relationship between this anesthesiology rotation and a surgical rotation is important...
2018: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444455/anatomists-perceptions-of-the-skills-and-attributes-required-of-newly-recruited-medical-students
#15
Bernard J Moxham, Odile Plaisant, Baptiste Lignier, Feisal Brahim
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Admission procedures for recruiting students to medical school vary considerably across the world. Notwithstanding such variability, it is important to know what skills and attributes are required of the students by their teachers on entering medical school. PROCEDURES: Anatomists are often the teachers who first meet the students as they enter medical school and this report analyses, by means of a questionnaire, the putative skills required of their medical students by anatomists from the U...
February 11, 2018: Annals of Anatomy, Anatomischer Anzeiger: Official Organ of the Anatomische Gesellschaft
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29441663/preceptors-perspectives-of-an-integrated-clinical-learning-model-in-a-mental-health-environment
#16
Gayelene Boardman, Karen Lawrence, Meg Polacsek
Supervised clinical practice is an essential component of undergraduate nursing students' learning and development. In the mental health setting, nursing students traditionally undertake four-week block placements. An integrated clinical learning model, where preceptors mentor students on an individual basis, has been used successfully in the clinical learning environment. This flexible model provides the opportunity for students to work across morning, afternoon, night and weekend shifts. There is a need to improve the evidence base for a flexible model for students undertaking a mental health placement...
February 14, 2018: International Journal of Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29440815/aspiring-pain-practitioners-in-india-assessing-challenges-and-building-opportunities
#17
Sushma Bhatnagar, Anuradha Patel, Srinivasa N Raja
Background: Pain medicine is a developing specialty, aimed at relieving pain and suffering, enhancing function, and improving the quality of life of patients. Pain is often ignored, under-reported and mismanaged by health-care providers. Aspiring pain physicians in India face many challenges and barriers in advancing their specialty. Objectives: The objective of this study is to determine the challenges in establishing a pain practice in India and to discuss the opportunities and strategies to overcome these barriers...
January 2018: Indian Journal of Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29439943/cognitive-style-and-mobile-e-learning-in-emergent-otorhinolaryngology-head-and-neck-surgery-disorders-for-millennial-undergraduate-medical-students-randomized-controlled-trial
#18
Li-Ang Lee, Yi-Ping Chao, Chung-Guei Huang, Ji-Tseng Fang, Shu-Ling Wang, Cheng-Keng Chuang, Chung-Jan Kang, Li-Jen Hsin, Wan-Ni Lin, Tuan-Jen Fang, Hsueh-Yu Li
BACKGROUND: Electronic learning (e-learning) through mobile technology represents a novel way to teach emergent otorhinolaryngology-head and neck surgery (ORL-HNS) disorders to undergraduate medical students. Whether a cognitive style of education combined with learning modules can impact learning outcomes and satisfaction in millennial medical students is unknown. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess the impact of cognitive styles and learning modules using mobile e-learning on knowledge gain, competence gain, and satisfaction for emergent ORL-HNS disorders...
February 13, 2018: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29438886/the-influence-of-motives-on-alcohol-and-sex-related-behaviors-among-female-college-students
#19
Brittany E Blanchard, Angela K Stevens, Ileana S Acosta, Amelia E Talley, Jennifer L Brown, Andrew K Littlefield
PURPOSE: Although previous studies have elucidated associations between motivations for drinking and sex as they relate to risky health outcomes among female college students, the utility of cross-domain motives (i.e., alcohol motives predicting sex-related outcomes and vice versa) in the prediction of specific alcohol- and sex-related behaviors has yet to be examined. The current study examined relations between drinking and sex motives with multiple risky alcohol- and sex-related outcomes (i...
February 6, 2018: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29437844/use-of-progress-testing-in-a-uk-dental-therapy-and-hygiene-educational-program
#20
Kamran Ali, Daniel Zahra, Christopher Tredwin, Claire Mcilwaine, Gill Jones
Progress testing provides a longitudinal assessment of the development and sustainability of students' knowledge at regular intervals over the duration of an educational program. Comparisons of performance on successive tests are used to monitor growth in knowledge. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of progress testing in an undergraduate program for dental therapy and hygiene (DTH) students in the United Kingdom as the main tool for academic assessment. Data were collected for progress tests of all 38 DTH students from 2015 to 2017...
February 2018: Journal of Dental Education
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