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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432966/risk-for-eating-disorders-modulates-interpretation-bias-in-a-semantic-priming-task
#1
Kaylee Misener, Maya Libben
The current study used a semantic priming paradigm to investigate the presence of implicit interpretation biases for food and body shape words among 118 undergraduate females. Reaction times (RTs) were recorded while participants made lexical decisions (i.e., word vs. non-word judgments) to lexical targets that were preceded by negatively valenced eating disorder related (e.g., fat-PIZZA), eating disorder unrelated (e.g., party-PIZZA), or semantically unrelated (e.g., umbrella-PIZZA) prime words. Self-reported eating disorder traits were assessed using the Body Shape Questionnaire (BSQ-34), the Eating Attitudes Test (EAT-26), and the Eating Disorder Examination (EDE-Q 6...
April 19, 2017: Body Image
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432924/bringing-a-novel-to-practice-an-interpretive-study-of-reading-a-novel-in-an-undergraduate-nursing-practicum-course
#2
Graham McCaffrey, Lorraine Venturato, J David Patterson, Jennifer Langille, Roberta Jackson, Tom Rosenal
Novels are one humanities resource available to educators in health disciplines to support student reflection on their own professional practice and therapeutic relationships with patients. An interdisciplinary team, including nurses, a physician, and an English instructor, carried out an interpretive study of the use of a novel by clinical nursing instructors in an undergraduate practicum course. Students placed in assisted living or long term care facilities for the elderly were expected to read a contemporary work, Exit Lines, by Joan Barfoot, which is set in a comparable facility...
April 4, 2017: Nurse Education in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432499/depressive-symptoms-and-tobacco-use-does-religious-orientation-play-a-protective-role
#3
Stacy C Parenteau
Many studies have established an association between depression and smoking. The main objective of this study was to determine whether religious orientation moderates the relationship between depressive symptoms and tobacco use. This study utilized a cross-sectional data collection strategy to examine the relationship among depressive symptoms, religious orientation, and tobacco use among undergraduate students (N = 349) at a midsize southeastern university. Participants completed a demographic questionnaire, the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale, the Extrinsic/Intrinsic Religious Orientation Scale-Revised and the Drinking and Drug Habits Questionnaire...
April 21, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432064/the-prevalence-of-acne-in-mainland-china-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#4
Danhui Li, Qiang Chen, Yi Liu, Tingting Liu, Wenhui Tang, Shengjie Li
INTRODUCTION: Acne, a very common skin disease, can result in psychological distress and sustain impairment in quality of life. Data on the prevalence of acne and the differences in gender, region and age are limited. The aim of this review is to estimate the prevalence of acne in Mainland China comprehensively and to quantify its association with gender, region and age. METHODS: We searched electronic databases with predetermined search terms to identify relevant studies published between 1 January 1996 and 30 September 2016...
April 20, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432008/turkish-version-of-the-intuitive-eating-scale-2-validity-and-reliability-among-university-students
#5
Murat Bas, Kezban Esen Karaca, Duygu Saglam, Gozde Arıtıcı, Ecem Cengiz, Selen Köksal, Aylin Hasbay Buyukkaragoz
Intuitive Eating is defined as "the dynamic process-integrating attunement of mind, body, and food". The purpose of this study was, therefore, adapt the IES-2 to the Turkish language and reliability and validity of IES-2 among Turkish populations. We also examined the instrument's internal consistency and test-retest reliability and analysed the relationships between the IES-2 and several variables so as to evaluate the convergent and discriminant validity. Three hundred seventy-seven undergraduate and postgraduate women and men between the ages of 19-31 years (mean 22...
April 18, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431553/long-working-hours-in-the-healthcare-system-of-the-belo-horizonte-municipality-brazil-a-population-based-cross-sectional-survey
#6
Juliana M Andrade, Ada A Assunção, Mery N S Abreu
BACKGROUND: Health personnel are key players in developing and improving healthcare systems, caring for individuals and their communities, and helping improve quality of life. However, these professionals are often exposed to long working hours because of the pressing need for their services at potentially any time of day. The long working hours they endure are a major risk factor for both acute and chronic health problems. The present study aimed to analyze occurrences of long working hours and their association with individual characteristics and employment factors among workers in the municipal healthcare system in Belo Horizonte, Brazil...
April 21, 2017: Human Resources for Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429657/what-happened-first-working-memory-and-negative-emotion-tell-you-better-evidence-from-a-temporal-binding-task
#7
Chiara Mirandola, Enrico Toffalini
Emotionally arousing events may disrupt the ability to bind together different features of items to their context; this holds true both for spatial binding (i.e. remembering the locations of previously presented items) and temporal binding (i.e. remembering the order in which different items were previously presented). Nonetheless, memory for emotional events may be enhanced in certain situations. A key factor that might explain the memory-emotion relation is represented by individual differences in cognition...
April 21, 2017: Cognition & Emotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427891/local-global-processing-bias-is-not-a-unitary-individual-difference-in-visual-processing
#8
Rebecca Chamberlain, Ruth Van der Hallen, Hanne Huygelier, Sander Van de Cruys, Johan Wagemans
A large body of research reports individual differences in local and global visual processing in relation to expertise, culture and psychopathology. However, recent research has suggested that various different measures of local-global processing are not strongly associated with one another, calling its construct validity into question. The current study sought to further explore the validity of local-global processing biases in perception by developing three tasks based on two existing paradigms: the Embedded Figures Test (EFT) and the Navon hierarchical letters task...
April 17, 2017: Vision Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425890/biomedical-simulation-evolution-concepts-challenges-and-future-trends
#9
Carla Sá-Couto, Luís Patrão, Francisco Maio-Matos, José Miguel Pêgo
Biomedical simulation is an effective educational complement for healthcare training, both at undergraduate and postgraduate level. It enables knowledge, skills and attitudes to be acquired in a safe, educationally orientated and efficient manner. In this context, simulation provides skills and experience that facilitate the transfer of cognitive, psychomotor and proper communication competences, thus changing behavior and attitudes, and ultimately improving patient safety. Beyond the impact on individual and team performance, simulation provides an opportunity to study organizational failures and improve system performance...
December 30, 2016: Acta Médica Portuguesa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425887/undergraduate-teaching-in-geriatrics-and-pediatrics-in-portuguese-medical-schools-an-observational-study
#10
Mariana Amaral, Filipa Matias, Lígia Massena, Nuno Cardoso
INTRODUCTION: Motivated by the contracting nature of the Portuguese age pyramid, and thereby the ever increasing geriatric population, the aim of this study was to compare the number of European Credit Transfer and Accumulation System Credits dedicated to Geriatrics with Pediatrics in Portuguese Medical Schools. MATERIAL AND METHODS: An observational, descriptive and cross-sectional study was conducted and included six Portuguese Medical Schools that have six years of training and a total of 360 credits...
December 30, 2016: Acta Médica Portuguesa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425735/clinician-led-peer-led-and-internet-delivered-dissonance-based-eating-disorder-prevention-programs-acute-effectiveness-of-these-delivery-modalities
#11
Eric Stice, Paul Rohde, Heather Shaw, Jeff M Gau
OBJECTIVE: Because independent trials have provided evidence for the efficacy and effectiveness of the dissonance-based Body Project eating disorder prevention program, the present trial tested whether clinicians produce the largest intervention effects, or whether delivery can be task-shifted to less expensive undergraduate peer educators or to Internet delivery without effect size attenuation, focusing on acute effects. METHOD: In this study, 680 young women (Mage = 22...
April 20, 2017: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423232/a-psychometric-evaluation-of-the-anatomy-learning-experiences-questionnaire-and-correlations-with-learning-outcomes
#12
Derek L Choi-Lundberg, Anne-Marie M Williams, Craig Zimitat
The Anatomy Learning Experiences Questionnaire (ALEQ) was designed by Smith and Mathias to explore students' perceptions and experiences of learning anatomy. In this study, the psychometric properties of a slightly altered 34-item ALEQ (ALEQ-34) were evaluated, and correlations with learning outcomes investigated, by surveying first- and second-year undergraduate medical students; 181 usable responses were obtained (75% response rate). Psychometric analysis demonstrated overall good reliability (Cronbach's alpha of 0...
April 17, 2017: Anatomical Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423186/the-dynamics-of-searching-for-meaning-and-presence-of-meaning-in-daily-life
#13
David B Newman, John B Nezlek, Todd M Thrash
OBJECTIVE: Research on searching for meaning in life has focused on trait level relationships rather than within-person relationships. Our goal was to examine within-person relationships between daily states of searching for meaning in life, daily states of presence of meaning in life, and daily states of well-being. METHOD: To advance our understanding of searching for meaning in life, we conducted a daily diary study with two samples in which 254 undergraduate students (Mage = 18...
April 17, 2017: Journal of Personality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422288/general-dentists-awareness-of-how-to-cope-with-medical-emergencies-in-paediatric-dental-patients
#14
Ivana Čuković-Bagić, Sandra Hrvatin, Jesenka Jeličić, Dubravka Negovetić Vranić, Mirjana Kujundžić Tiljak, Hrvoje Pezo, Luc Marks
BACKGROUND: General dentists (GDs) should be aware of the symptoms, signs, diagnoses and treatment of medical emergencies in paediatric patients. AIM: To evaluate the knowledge of GDs in coping with medical emergencies, and to identify whether they are confident to diagnose and treat medical emergencies in paediatric patients. DESIGN: The questionnaire was conducted immediately before the beginning of national dental meetings and continuing education seminars in Croatia, attended by the GDs, in order to obtain a representative sample...
April 19, 2017: International Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421473/personality-emotion-related-variables-and-media-pressure-predict-eating-disorders-via-disordered-eating-in-lebanese-university-students
#15
Maria Jose Sanchez-Ruiz, Claire El-Jor, Joelle Abi Kharma, Maya Bassil, Nadine Zeeni
PURPOSE: Disordered eating behaviors are on the rise among youth. The present study investigates psychosocial and weight-related variables as predictors of eating disorders (ED) through disordered eating (DE) dimensions (namely restrained, external, and emotional eating) in Lebanese university students. METHODS: The sample consisted of 244 undergraduates (143 female) aged from 18 to 31 years (M = 20.06; SD = 1.67). Using path analysis, two statistical models were built separately with restrained and emotional eating as dependent variables, and all possible direct and indirect pathways were tested for mediating effects...
April 18, 2017: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419167/pharmacy-students-anxiety-towards-research-during-their-undergraduate-degree-how-to-reduce-it
#16
Mari Kannan Maharajan, Kingston Rajiah, Ai May Tam, Siew Ling Chaw, May Jing Ang, Mei Wan Yong
OBJECTIVE: To measure pharmacy students' anxiety towards research and how academic support, academic effort, attitude and self-efficacy influence their research anxiety. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted with undergraduate final year students of pharmacy using a convenient sampling method. A validated self-administered questionnaire was used. RESULTS: Response rate for this study was 85.9% (128 students from a population of 149)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419055/be-the-change-an-interprofessional-team-based-health-advocacy-summit
#17
Melody Eaton, Maria deValpine, Julie Sanford, Jamie Lee, Laura Trull, Kandy Smith
In a complex health care environment, nursing and health care professional graduates should be able to understand and collaboratively advocate for health policy benefitting patients, families, and communities. This study explored the effectiveness of interprofessional team-based learning to improve political astuteness in undergraduate health profession students. This engaging method may prove to enhance health care professionals' likelihood of understanding, involvement, and influencing health policy in the future...
April 17, 2017: Nurse Educator
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418325/variation-in-music-player-listening-level-as-a-function-of-campus-location
#18
Yunea Park, Diana Guercio, Victoria Ledon, Colleen G Le Prell
BACKGROUND: There has been significant discussion in the literature regarding music player use by adolescents and young adults, including whether device use is driving an increase in hearing loss in these populations. While many studies report relatively safe preferred listening levels, some studies with college student participants have reported listening habits that may put individuals at risk for noise-induced hearing loss (NIHL) if those listening habits continue over the long term...
April 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417666/exploring-the-differential-associations-between-components-of-executive-functioning-and-reactive-and-proactive-aggression
#19
Lisa K Hecht, Robert D Latzman
OBJECTIVE: A large body of literature confirms the importance of executive functioning (EF) in the explanation of aggressive and antisocial behaviors. However, the common and specific associations between subtypes of aggression, such as reactive (RA), proactive aggression (PA), and EF are unclear. The current study explored the nuanced associations between components of EF and subtypes of aggression, using a latent variable approach. METHOD: Participants were 384 racially diverse undergraduate students (ages 18-52 years) who completed a self-report measure of RA and PA, and traditional neuropsychological tasks of EF...
April 18, 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413923/knowledge-of-healthy-foods-does-not-translate-to-healthy-snack-consumption-among-exercise-science-undergraduates
#20
Laura H McArthur, Antonette Valentino, Donald Holbert
This cross-sectional survey study compared the on- and off-campus snack choices and related correlates of convenience samples of exercise science (ES) ( n = 165, M = 45%, F = 55%) and non-exercise science (NES) ( n =160, M = 43%, F = 57%) undergraduates. The hypothesis posed was that knowledge of healthy foods will not translate to healthier snack consumption by the ES students, and that the snack choices and related correlates of ES and NES students will be similar. Data were collected using self-administered questionnaires completed in classrooms (ES sample) and at high-traffic locations on-campus (NES sample)...
January 1, 2017: Nutrition and Health
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