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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528126/emotional-intelligence-increases-over-time-a-longitudinal-study-of-australian-pre-registration-nursing-students
#1
Kim Foster, Judith Fethney, Heather McKenzie, Murray Fisher, Emily Harkness, Desirée Kozlowski
BACKGROUND: Emotional intelligence (EI) has been associated with positive outcomes for nursing students. Higher EI is associated with personal wellbeing and stress management, higher academic performance, stronger nursing leadership and practice performance, and greater patient safety. While there is an increasing body of evidence on nursing students' EI, there is minimal evidence on EI over time during pre-registration programs. OBJECTIVES: To measure EI in pre-registration nursing students from program commencement to conclusion to ascertain EI over time and examine the relationship between EI and academic performance...
May 15, 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527528/awareness-knowledge-and-interest-in-interventional-radiology-among-final-year-medical-students-in-england
#2
P A Atiiga, M Drozd, R Veettil
AIM: To investigate awareness, knowledge, and interests in interventional radiology (IR) among final year students. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Three hundred and fifty-nine anonymous questionnaires were distributed to final year medical students at two medical institutions in England. A total of 220 students (61%) responded. RESULTS: In the present study, 167 students (75.9%) correctly identified that interventional radiologists perform angioplasty and stenting of arteries...
May 17, 2017: Clinical Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527014/high-frequency-heart-rate-variability-reactivity-and-trait-worry-interact-to-predict-the-development-of-sleep-disturbances-in-response-to-a-naturalistic-stressor
#3
Sasha MacNeil, Sonya S Deschênes, Warren Caldwell, Melanie Brouillard, Thien-Thanh Dang-Vu, Jean-Philippe Gouin
BACKGROUND: High-frequency heart rate variability (HF-HRV) reactivity was proposed as a vulnerability factor for stress-induced sleep disturbances. Its effect may be amplified among individuals with high trait worry or sleep reactivity. PURPOSE: This study evaluated whether HF-HRV reactivity to a worry induction, sleep reactivity, and trait worry predict increases in sleep disturbances in response to academic stress, a naturalistic stressor. METHOD: A longitudinal study following 102 undergraduate students during an academic semester with well-defined periods of lower and higher academic stress was conducted...
May 19, 2017: Annals of Behavioral Medicine: a Publication of the Society of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526974/the-health-equity-scholars-program-innovation-in-the-leaky-pipeline
#4
Carole C Upshur, Diedra M Wrighting, Gonzalo Bacigalupe, Joan Becker, Laura Hayman, Barbara Lewis, Sylvia Mignon, Megan E Rokop, Elizabeth Sweet, Marie Idali Torres, Paul Watanabe, Cedric Woods
Despite attempts to increase enrollment of under-represented minorities (URMs: primarily Black/African American, Hispanic/Latino, and Native American students) in health professional programs, limited progress has been made. Compelling reasons to rectify this situation include equity for URMs, better prepared health professionals when programs are diverse, better quality and access to health care for UMR populations, and the need for diverse talent to tackle difficult questions in health science and health care delivery...
May 19, 2017: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526693/a-simple-laboratory-exercise-with-rat-isolated-esophagus-and-stomach-fundus-to-reveal-functional-differences-between-striated-and-smooth-muscle-cells
#5
Francisco José Batista-Lima, Kalinne Kelly Lima Gadelha, Daniel Maia Oliveira, Thiago Brasileiro Vasconcelos, Teresinha Silva Brito, Pedro Jorge Caldas Magalhães
This study describes an undergraduate student laboratory activity using isolated preparations from rat gastrointestinal tissues that possess contractile profiles typically exhibited by striated and smooth muscle cells. While students are introduced to an ex vivo methodology, they can compare differences in trace experiments, twitch aspects, phasic and tonic properties, force-frequency relationships, and pharmacological responsiveness of esophageal (striated) and fundic (smooth muscle) segments. Muscle strips were subjected to electrical field stimulation (EFS) applied by platinum electrodes immersed in the physiological solution...
June 1, 2017: Advances in Physiology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526257/sleep-quality-and-psychological-distress-among-undergraduate-students-of-a-nigerian-university
#6
Champion Tobi Seun-Fadipe, Kolawole Samuel Mosaku
OBJECTIVES: The objectives of the study were to assess the sleep quality of undergraduate students in a Nigerian University, to determine its association with psychological distress, and to evaluate some of the factors associated with poor sleep quality among the students. METHODS: It is a descriptive cross-sectional study conducted among the undergraduate students of Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife. The multistage sampling method was used to select 520 study participants, and a self-administered instrument including a questionnaire on sociodemographic characteristics, Pittsburgh Sleep Quality index, General Health Questionnaire, and Hospital Anxiety-Depression Scale was administered...
June 2017: Sleep Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523960/the-health-literacy-dyad-the-contribution-of-future-gps-in-england
#7
Oana R Groene, Jane Wills, Nicola Crichton, Gill Rowlands, Rima R Rudd
BACKGROUND: Health literacy studies have primarily focused on the cognitive and social skills of individuals needed to gain access to, understand, and use health information. This area of study is undergoing a paradigm shift with increased attention being paid to the skills of practitioners and an examination of their contribution to the link between literacy and health outcomes. The aim of this study was to describe the health literacy related competencies of General Practice (GP) trainees who will soon be responsible for the clinical encounter...
May 19, 2017: Education for Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523717/stress-and-coping-strategies-among-saudi-nursing-students-during-clinical-education
#8
Ekhlas Al-Gamal, Aisha Alhosain, Khulood Alsunaye
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to determine the stress level and coping strategies among undergraduate Saudi female nursing students during their clinical education. DESIGN AND METHODS: In this study, a descriptive correlational cross-sectional design was used. The Demographic Information Questionnaire, Perceived Stress Scale, and Coping Behavior Inventory were completed by 121 female Saudi undergraduate nursing students. FINDINGS: The findings showed that stress from taking care of the patient subscale (M = 12...
May 18, 2017: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521248/designing-and-evaluating-the-effectiveness-of-a-serious-game-for-safe-administration-of-blood-transfusion-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#9
Apphia Jia Qi Tan, Cindy Ching Siang Lee, Patrick Yongxing Lin, Simon Cooper, Lydia Siew Tiang Lau, Wei Ling Chua, Sok Ying Liaw
BACKGROUND: Preparing nursing students for the knowledge and skills required for the administration and monitoring of blood components is crucial for entry into clinical practice. Serious games create opportunities to develop this competency, which can be used as a self-directed learning strategy to complement existing didactic learning and simulation-based strategies. AIM: To describe the development and evaluation of a serious game to improve nursing students' knowledge, confidence, and performance in blood transfusion...
May 6, 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516851/intimate-partner-abuse-and-attachment-a-comparison-between-abused-and-nonabused-women
#10
M Meghan Davidson, Michael S Butchko, Janice E Castro, Krista Robbins
The purpose of this study was to examine intimate partner abuse (IPA), parental attachment, and romantic attachment among college women. More specifically, IPA was examined such that women who had experienced abuse and those who had not were compared with respect to parental and romantic attachment using the lens of attachment theory. Undergraduate women (N = 502) completed an online survey assessing their experiences of IPA as well as their parental and romantic attachment styles. Bivariate correlations demonstrated that IPA was significantly associated with all study variables (i...
May 17, 2017: Violence and Victims
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516848/the-role-of-psychopathic-traits-in-female-sexual-coercion
#11
Holly A Miller, Jeffrey A Bouffard, Cassidy A DeHaan
Researchers have consistently found a relationship between psychopathy and the use of sexual coercion in samples of males with and without previous sexual arrests (Abbey, Jacques-Tiura, & LeBreton, 2011; Hare, 1991; Hersh & Gray-Little, 1998; Seto & Lalumiere, 2000). Although there is growing recognition that females also engage in sexually coercive behavior, current understanding of female coercion is limited (Bouffard, Bouffard, & Miller, 2015; Cortoni, Hanson, & Coache, 2010; Muñoz, Khan, & Cordwell, 2011)...
May 17, 2017: Violence and Victims
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514054/how-do-educators-in-one-new-zealand-undergraduate-bachelor-of-oral-health-course-teach-and-nurture-professionalism
#12
L Smith, L Adam, S Moffat, A Meldrum, R Ahmadi
INTRODUCTION: Research on integrated dental hygiene and dental therapy courses is scarce; studies reporting on how staff in these combined scope courses teach professionalism are even more scarce. This study aimed to partially fill these research gaps. METHOD AND MATERIALS: In 2016, online surveys were sent to 34 staff members who taught into the integrated Bachelor of Oral Health (BOH) course at the University of Otago's Faculty of Dentistry; 13 were returned. Two focus groups were conducted with six BOH educators...
May 17, 2017: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513344/pathological-narcissism-and-nonsuicidal-self-injury
#13
Sindes Dawood, Hans S Schroder, M Brent Donnellan, Aaron L Pincus
Few studies have examined associations between pathological narcissism and self-harm, but those that do indicate that narcissistic vulnerability (not narcissistic grandiosity) relates to self-harm. The current study extends this literature by investigating how facets of pathological narcissism assessed by the Pathological Narcissism Inventory relate to specific nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI) behaviors assessed by the Inventory of Statements About Self-Injury using statistical models appropriate for non-normally distributed count data...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Personality Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512493/radiographic-quality-of-root-canal-obturation-performed-by-fifth-year-students-of-hamadan-dental-school
#14
Amir Eskandarloo, Hamed Karkehabadi, Seyedeh Zeinab Hoseini Hashemi, Masoumeh Ahmadi, Seyedeh Sareh Hendi
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to assess the radiographic technical quality of root canal therapy performed by fifth year students of Dental School of Hamadan University of Medical Sciences from 2015 to 2016. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Four hundred and seventy records of root canal therapies were evaluated. Records with graphies taken as initial, master apical file (MAF), master apical cone (MAC) and final radiographs were included in the study and records of patient younger than 16 years and older than 68 years were excluded from further investigations...
2017: Iranian Endodontic Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512486/students-knowledge-comprehension-after-implementation-of-live-conventional-demonstration-video-teaching-and-video-assisted-instruction-methods-in-endodontic-practice
#15
Nahid Mohammadzadeh Akhlaghi, Zohreh Khalilak, Mehdi Vatanpour, Amirabbas Moshari, Saman Ghaffari, Mohammad Sadegh Namazikhah
INTRODUCTION: Video-assisted clinical instruction (VACID) has been found to be a beneficial teaching tool for various fields in dentistry. The aim of this interventional study was to compare the efficacy of live conventional demonstration (CD), video teaching, and VACID (video with explanation) methods in teaching of root canal treatment to undergraduate dental students. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Forty-two undergraduate senior dental students participated in this study...
2017: Iranian Endodontic Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511551/theoretical-foundations-of-appeals-used-in-alcohol-abuse-and-drunk-driving-public-service-announcements-in-the-united-states-1995-2010
#16
Jeff Niederdeppe, Rosemary J Avery, Emily Elizabeth Namaste Miller
PURPOSE: The study identifies the extent to which theoretical constructs drawn from well-established message effect communication theories are reflected in the content of alcohol-related public service announcements (PSAs) airing in the United States over a 16-year period. DESIGN: Content analysis of 18 530 141 alcohol-abuse (AA) and drunk-driving (DD) PSAs appearing on national network and local cable television stations in the 210 largest designated marketing areas (DMAs) from January 1995 through December 2010...
January 1, 2017: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511373/prevalence-of-nutritional-deficiency-anaemia-and-its-impact-on-scholastic-performance-among-undergraduate-medical-students
#17
Ningappa Asha Rani, Rajeshwari Arasegowda, Pramit Mukherjee, Shilpashree Yeliyur Dhananjay
INTRODUCTION: Nutritional deficiency anaemia can lead to development of headache, fatigue, lethargy, apathy, exertional dyspnoea, palpitations and tinnitus and thereby decrease the quality of everyday life to a great extent. Such symptoms may pose a hindrance for students in their academic life and have a negative impact on their career. AIM: To determine prevalence of nutritional deficiency anaemia and its correlation with academic performance among medical students...
March 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511205/-stability-and-change-of-medical-specialty-of-residents-over-four-years-of-postgraduate-training-in-germany
#18
Hendrik van den Bussche, Stine Ziegler, Lea Krause-Solberg, Martin Scherer
Aim We analyzed medical residents' preferences in Germany with regard to the specialization fields after 4 years of postgraduate training and compared them to their preferences in the years before, e. g. at the end of undergraduate education in a gender comparative perspective, including the influence of parenthood. Methods The study is based on annual postal surveys of students of 7 medical faculties in Germany from their last year of medical school ("Practical Year") until after 4 years of postgraduate training...
May 16, 2017: Das Gesundheitswesen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28510498/deficits-in-go-no-go-task-performance-in-male-undergraduate-high-risk-alcohol-users-are-driven-by-speeded-responding-to-go-stimuli
#19
Xin Zhao, Wang Qian, Lily Fu, Joseph H R Maes
BACKGROUND: Response disinhibition plays an important role in addictive behaviors. However, results of studies on the performance on response inhibition tasks of individuals evidencing potentially problematic levels of alcohol drinking are mixed. OBJECTIVES: We assessed conditions under which persons with a relatively high risk of alcohol dependence show inhibition deficits in such tasks and investigated the nature of those deficits. METHODS: Fifty-eight male undergraduate students, 27 of which were high-risk drinkers according to the Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test, performed a go/no-go inhibition task with differing percentages of no-go trials (50% vs...
February 17, 2017: American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508374/autodock-and-autodocktools-for-protein-ligand-docking-beta-site-amyloid-precursor-protein-cleaving-enzyme-1-bace1-as-a-case-study
#20
Nehme El-Hachem, Benjamin Haibe-Kains, Athar Khalil, Firas H Kobeissy, Georges Nemer
Computational docking and scoring techniques have revolutionized structural bioinformatics by providing unprecedented insights on key aspects of ligand-receptor interaction. Docking is used for optimizing known drugs and for identifying novel binders by predicting their binding mode and affinity. AutoDock and AutoDockTools are free of charge techniques that have been extensively cited in the literature as essential tools in structure-based drug design. Moreover, these methods are fast enough to permit virtual screening of ligand libraries containing tens of thousands of compounds...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
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