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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821540/investigating-undergraduate-students-use-of-intuitive-reasoning-and-evolutionary-knowledge-in-explanations-of-antibiotic-resistance
#1
Melissa Richard, John D Coley, Kimberly D Tanner
Natural selection is a central concept throughout biology; however, it is a process frequently misunderstood. Bacterial resistance to antibiotic medications provides a contextual example of the relevance of evolutionary theory and is also commonly misunderstood. While research has shed light on student misconceptions of natural selection, minimal study has focused on misconceptions of antibiotic resistance. Additionally, research has focused on the degree to which misconceptions may be based in the complexity of biological information or in pedagogical choices, rather than in deep-seated cognitive patterns...
2017: CBE Life Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821538/reflecting-on-graphs-attributes-of-graph-choice-and-construction-practices-in-biology
#2
Aakanksha Angra, Stephanie M Gardner
Undergraduate biology education reform aims to engage students in scientific practices such as experimental design, experimentation, and data analysis and communication. Graphs are ubiquitous in the biological sciences, and creating effective graphical representations involves quantitative and disciplinary concepts and skills. Past studies document student difficulties with graphing within the contexts of classroom or national assessments without evaluating student reasoning. Operating under the metarepresentational competence framework, we conducted think-aloud interviews to reveal differences in reasoning and graph quality between undergraduate biology students, graduate students, and professors in a pen-and-paper graphing task...
2017: CBE Life Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821537/investigating-novice-and-expert-conceptions-of-genetically-modified-organisms
#3
Lisa M Potter, Sarah A Bissonnette, Jonathan D Knight, Kimberly D Tanner
The aspiration of biology education is to give students tools to apply knowledge learned in the classroom to everyday life. Genetic modification is a real-world biological concept that relies on an in-depth understanding of the molecular behavior of DNA and proteins. This study investigated undergraduate biology students' conceptions of genetically modified organisms (GMOs) when probed with real-world, molecular and cellular, and essentialist cues, and how those conceptions compared across biology expertise...
2017: CBE Life Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820618/college-women-s-responses-to-a-celebrity-health-disclosure
#4
Julia H Drizin, Vanessa L Malcarne, Melody K Schiaffino, Kristen J Wells
Celebrities can have a powerful influence on people's health-related attitudes and behaviors, often by publicly disclosing their own personal health decisions. In May 2013, Angelina Jolie, an internationally recognized actress, director, and author, wrote an op-ed for the New York Times disclosing her decision to undergo a prophylactic double mastectomy to reduce her risk of breast cancer after learning that she carried the BRCA1 gene mutation. This cross-sectional study examined whether exposure to Angelina Jolie and her mastectomy disclosure and parasocial involvement (PSI) with Angelina Jolie were related to female college students' perceived risk of breast cancer and breast cancer screening intentions...
August 18, 2017: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819069/factors-influencing-career-intentions-on-completion-of-general-practice-vocational-training-in-england-a-cross-sectional-study
#5
Jeremy Dale, Rachel Russell, Emma Scott, Katherine Owen
OBJECTIVES: General practice is experiencing a growing crisis with the numbers of doctors who are training and then entering the profession in the UK failing to keep pace with workforce needs. This study investigated the immediate to medium term career intentions of those who are about to become general practitioners (GPs) and the factors that are influencing career plans. DESIGN: Online questionnaire survey, with quantitative answers analysed using descriptive statistics and free text data analysed using a thematic framework approach...
August 17, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818162/impact-of-a-social-media-group-page-on-undergraduate-medical-physiology-learning
#6
Tania Ahmed Shakoori, Usman Mahboob, Janet Strivens, Ian Willis
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the impact of associating classroom learning of medical physiology with a Facebook group page in an all-women medical college of a conservative small city in Pakistan. STUDY DESIGN: Qualitative interpretivist study using semi-structured interviews. PLACE AND DURATION OF STUDY: Women Medical College Abbottabad, Pakistan, from March to December 2014. METHODOLOGY: Aclosed Facebook study group was established at a local medical college in Pakistan...
July 2017: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818161/using-mind-maps-to-improve-medical-student-performance-in-a-pharmacology-course-at-kunming-medical-university
#7
Guo Ying, Xie Jianping, Luo Haiyun, Li Xia, Yang Jianyu, Xuan Qun, Yu Jianyun
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether students using mind maps would improve their performance in a final examination at the end of lecture-based pharmacology course. STUDY DESIGN: Aquasi-experimental study. PLACE AND DURATION OF STUDY: Kunming Medical University, from September 2014 to January 2015. METHODOLOGY: One hundred and twenty-two (122) third year undergraduate medical students, starting a 48-hour lecturebased pharmacology course, volunteered to use mind maps as one of their study strategies (intervention group), while the remaining 100 students in the class continued to use their usual study strategies (control group) over the duration of the course...
July 2017: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815761/-my-mentor-didn-t-speak-to-me-for-the-first-four-weeks-perceived-unfairness-experienced-by-nursing-students-in-clinical-practice-settings
#8
Kirsten Jack, Claire Hamshire, W Edwin Harris, Mark Langan, Neil Barrett, Christopher Wibberley
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To explore the perceived unfairness experienced by student nurses during their undergraduate clinical placements. BACKGROUND: It is important that student nurses feel supported by practice staff during their clinical placement education experiences. However, it has been reported that learners can feel ignored, unsupported and bullied by others in the clinical environment and this has a detrimental effect on their learning. It is important to understand the student nurse perspective and explore ways in which their feelings of belongingness might be enhanced in the clinical area...
August 17, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815750/title-learning-theories-and-tools-for-the-assessment-of-core-nursing-competencies-in-simulation-a-theoretical-review
#9
REVIEW
Patrick Lavoie, Cécile Michaud, Marilou Bélisle, Louise Boyer, Émilie Gosselin, Myrian Grondin, Caroline Larue, Stéphan Lavoie, Jacinthe Pepin
AIM: To identify the theories used to explain learning in simulation and to examine how these theories guided the assessment of learning outcomes related to core competencies in undergraduate nursing students. BACKGROUND: Nurse educators face the challenge of making explicit the outcomes of competency-based education, especially when competencies are conceptualized as holistic and context-dependent. DESIGN: Theoretical review. DATA SOURCES: Research papers (N=182) published between 1999 - 2015 describing simulation in nursing education...
August 16, 2017: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815466/medical-students-perceptions-of-a%C3%A2-novel-institutional-incident-reporting-system-a%C3%A2-thematic-analysis
#10
Morris Gordon, Dillan Parakh
BACKGROUND: Errors in healthcare are a major patient safety issue, with incident reporting a key solution. The incident reporting system has been integrated within a new medical curriculum, encouraging medical students to take part in this key safety process. The aim of this study was to describe the system and assess how students perceived the reporting system with regards to its role in enhancing safety. METHODS: Employing a thematic analysis, this study used interviews with medical students at the end of the first year...
August 16, 2017: Perspectives on Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814940/cardiac-health-knowledge-and-misconceptions-among-nursing-students-implications-for-nursing-curriculum-design
#11
Susan Ka Yee Chow, Yuen Yee Chan, Sin Kuen Ho, Ka Chun Ng
BACKGROUND: Cardiac misconceptions are common among healthcare professionals. The development of professional knowledge is considered an essential component of nursing education. Nurses, regardless of their grade, skills, and experience, should be updated with information so as to be able to rectify their misconceptions, as these could affect patient health outcomes. As the literature evaluating the cardiac knowledge and misconceptions of nursing students is sparse, a study of the subject seems warranted...
2017: BMC Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814381/impact-of-a-tutored-theoretical-practical-training-to-develop-undergraduate-students-skills-for-the-detection-of-caries-lesions-study-protocol-for-a-multicenter-controlled-randomized-study
#12
Mariana Minatel Braga, Tathiane Larissa Lenzi, Fernanda Rosche Ferreira, Fausto Medeiros Mendes, Daniela Prócida Raggio, José Carlos Imparato, Marcelo Bonecker, Ana Carolina Magalhães, Linda Wang, Daniela Rios, Juliano Pelim Pessan, Cristiane Duque, Maria Augusta Bessa Rebelo, Ary Oliveira Alves Filho, Marina De Deus Moura Lima, Marcoeli Silva Moura, Alessandro Diogo De Carli, Mariane Emi Sanabe, Maximiliano Sergio Cenci, Elenara Ferreira Oliveira, Marcos Britto Correa, Rachel Oliveira Rocha, Julio Eduardo Zenkner, Pedroza Uribe Murisí, Stefania Martignon, Juan Sebastian Lara, Fatima Gabriela Aquino, Alfredo Carrillo, Chun Hung Chu, Chris Deery, David Ricketts, Paulo Melo, José Leopoldo Ferreira Antunes, Kim Rud Ekstrand
BACKGROUND: Tutored laboratorial activities could be a manner of improving the competency development of students. However, its impact over conventional theoretical classes has not yet been tested. Additionally, different university contexts could influence this issue and should be explored. OBJECTIVE: To assess the impact of a tutored theoretical-practical training for teaching undergraduate students to detect caries lesions as compared with theoretical teaching activities...
August 16, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813188/cannabis-related-problems-and-social-anxiety-the-mediational-role-of-post-event-processing
#13
Anthony H Ecker, Julia D Buckner
BACKGROUND: Cannabis is the most commonly used illicit drug in the US, and is associated with a range of psychological, social, and physical health-related problems. Individuals who endorse elevated levels of social anxiety are especially at risk for experiencing cannabis-related problems, including cannabis use disorder, despite not using cannabis more often than those with more normative social anxiety. Identification of mechanisms that underlie the relationship between social anxiety and cannabis-related problems may inform treatment and prevention efforts...
August 16, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811786/examining-the-postural-awareness-and-flexibility-changes-in-physical-therapy-students-who-took-clinical-pilates-class
#14
Esra Atilgan, Devrim Tarakci, Fatma Mutluay
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to evaluate postural awareness and changes in posture and flexibility of students who took Clinical Pilates class as an elective course at the undergraduate level. METHODS: The study conducted from 2013-2016 included 98 students who took Clinical Pilates class at the Department of Physical Therapy and Rehabilitation, School of Health Sciences, Istanbul Medipol University, Turkey. The flexibility levels of the study participants were measured before and after the Clinical Pilates education using finger-to-floor test and modified Schober's test...
May 2017: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809810/veterinary-and-equine-science-students-interpretation-of-horse-behaviour
#15
Gabriella Gronqvist, Chris Rogers, Erica Gee, Audrey Martinez, Charlotte Bolwell
Many veterinary and undergraduate equine science students have little previous horse handling experience and a poor understanding of horse behaviour; yet horses are one of the most unsafe animals with which veterinary students must work. It is essential for veterinary and equine students to learn how to interpret horse behaviour in order to understand demeanour and levels of arousal, and to optimise their own safety and the horses' welfare. The study utilised a qualitative research approach to investigate veterinary science and veterinary technology and undergraduate equine science students' interpretation of expressive behaviours shown by horses...
August 15, 2017: Animals: An Open Access Journal From MDPI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805024/sign-language-in-dental-education-a-new-nexus
#16
T Jones, K Cumberbatch
FOCUS: The introduction of the landmark mandatory teaching of sign language to undergraduate dental students at the University of the West Indies (UWI), Mona Campus in Kingston, Jamaica, to bridge the communication gap between dentists and their patients is reviewed. LITERATURE REVIEW: A review of over 90 Doctor of Dental Surgery and Doctor of Dental Medicine curricula in North America, the United Kingdom, parts of Europe and Australia showed no inclusion of sign language in those curricula as a mandatory component...
August 14, 2017: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804586/health-related-quality-of-life-and-associated-factors-among-undergraduate-university-students
#17
Naim Nur, Ahmet Kıbık, Esma Kılıç, Haldun Sümer
OBJECTIVES: The aims of this study were to explore factors associated with health-related quality of life (HRQOL) among students of Cumhuriyet University, Turkey. METHODS: This cross-sectional study involved 1751 undergraduate students. HRQOL was measured using the Turkish version of 36-Item Short Form Health Survey questionnaire. We looked at the effect of sociodemographic characteristics (e.g., gender, age, drinking, and smoking) on the individual HRQOL domains...
July 2017: Oman Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803131/do-continuum-beliefs-reduce-schizophrenia-stigma-effects-of-a-laboratory-intervention-on-behavioral-and-self-reported-stigma
#18
Ryan Thibodeau, Lindsay N Shanks, Brian P Smith
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Correlational research shows that belief in a continuum of psychiatric problems predicts decreased public stigma. However, the correlational findings fail to inform the stigma reduction prospects of manipulating continuum beliefs. All extant experimental work has been executed online. This study examined effects of a laboratory-based continuum intervention on behavioral and self-report measures of psychiatric stigma. METHODS: Sixty-nine undergraduates believed that they would meet a man with schizophrenia...
August 5, 2017: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801957/monitoring-and-depth-of-strategy-use-in-computer-based-learning-environments-for-science-and-history
#19
Victor M Deekens, Jeffrey A Greene, Nikki G Lobczowski
BACKGROUND: Self-regulated learning (SRL) models position metacognitive monitoring as central to SRL processing and predictive of student learning outcomes (Winne & Hadwin, 2008; Zimmerman, 2000). A body of research evidence also indicates that depth of strategy use, ranging from surface to deep processing, is predictive of learning performance. AIMS: In this study, we investigated the relationships among the frequency of metacognitive monitoring and the utilization of deep and surface-level strategies, and the connections between these SRL processes and learning outcomes across two academic domains, science and history...
August 12, 2017: British Journal of Educational Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800771/perceived-confidence-to-use-female-condoms-among-students-in-tertiary-institutions-of-a-metropolitan-city-southwestern-nigeria
#20
Taiwo A Obembe, Ayo S Adebowale, Kehinde O Odebunmi
BACKGROUND: Latex condoms for men have been documented to offer high efficacy as both a contraceptive and protection against sexually transmitted diseases. This equally establishes the importance of continued research on female condoms. This study aims to investigate the perceived confidence to use the female condoms amongst undergraduate female students from selected tertiary institutions from Ibadan Southwestern Nigeria. METHODS: The study was a descriptive cross-sectional survey involving 388 female undergraduate students selected through a multistage sampling technique...
August 11, 2017: BMC Research Notes
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