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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736971/attitudes-of-greek-dentists-towards-repair-of-conservative-restorations-an-online-survey
#1
Antoniadou Maria, Paximada Charikleia, Lagouvardos Panagiotis
OBJECTIVES: Repair versus replacement of a defective direct restoration is one important step for conserving tooth structure. This study was designed to collect information on the attitudes of Greek dentists towards repairing direct restorations. METHODS: An electronic questionnaire with 16 multiple-choice and rank-ordering questions was created online and its URL address was randomly emailed to 800 dentists in the area of Athens, Greece. The questionnaire remained open for 3 months, and after two reminder emails the data collected were analysed statistically to identify differences between clinician's sex or years of practicing dentistry, using the chi-square and Kruskal-Wallis tests at α = 0...
July 23, 2017: International Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734979/rumination-interacts-with-life-stress-to-predict-depressive-symptoms-an-ecological-momentary-assessment-study
#2
Samantha L Connolly, Lauren B Alloy
Rumination is a well-established vulnerability factor for depression that may exert deleterious effects both independently and in interaction with stress. The current study examined momentary ruminative self-focus (MRS) and stress-reactive rumination (SRR) as predictors of depressive symptoms utilizing a smartphone ecological momentary assessment (EMA) design. 121 undergraduates responded to four text message alerts per day for one week in which they indicated the occurrence of life stress, rumination, and depressed mood...
July 16, 2017: Behaviour Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734487/clinical-nurse-preceptors-perception-of-e-portfolio-use-for-undergraduate-students
#3
Chi-Ping Chang, Ting-Ting Lee, Mary Etta Mills
Nursing schools and hospitals form partnerships to foster nursing education. Clinical nurse preceptors (CNPs) have a profound influence on nursing students' Last Mile practicum. Assisting preceptors to prepare students as future staff nurses has become a critical issue. E-portfolios utilize digital access and hyperlinks to integrate student knowledge, skills, and achievements with teaching assessment, process and evaluation. Based on the school-hospital partnership, preceptors require a teaching application to facilitate student learning...
July 2017: Journal of Professional Nursing: Official Journal of the American Association of Colleges of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734118/the-perniciousness-of-perfectionism-a-meta-analytic-review-of-the-perfectionism-suicide-relationship
#4
Martin M Smith, Simon B Sherry, Samantha Chen, Donald H Saklofske, Christopher Mushquash, Gordon L Flett, Paul L Hewitt
Over 50 years of research implicates perfectionism in suicide. Yet the role of perfectionism in suicide needs clarification due to notable between-study inconsistencies in findings, underpowered studies, and uncertainty whether perfectionism confers risk for suicide. OBJECTIVE: We addressed this by meta-analyzing perfectionism's relationship with suicide ideation and attempts. We also tested whether self-oriented, other-oriented, and socially prescribed perfectionism predicted increased suicide ideation, beyond baseline ideation...
July 22, 2017: Journal of Personality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732210/nursing-as-universal-and-recognisable-nursing-students-perceptions-of-learning-outcomes-from-intercultural-peer-learning-webinars-a-qualitative-study
#5
Elisabeth Carlson, Marie Stenberg, Bessie Chan, Sukki Ho, Timothy Lai, Arkers Wong, Engle Angela Chan
Nursing students need to be prepared for the increasingly culturally diverse health care. Therefore, providing students with international perspectives remains the mission of higher education. However, given the logistic and financial constraints, not all students will be able to travel overseas for their international experiences. A feasible alternative to study abroad is internationalisation-at-home where intercultural dimensions are incorporated into curriculum, without students leaving their home universities...
July 15, 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732209/the-effect-of-a-peer-education-program-on-combating-violence-against-women-a-randomized-controlled-study
#6
Özlem C Gürkan, Nuran Kömürcü
BACKGROUND: Student nurses in Turkey need to be exposed to appropriate undergraduate training if they are to acquire the required knowledge, attitudes and skills that will help them to fight the issue of violence against women (VAW). OBJECTIVES: The aim of this research study was to assess the effect of a peer education program about combating VAW on the knowledge, attitudes and skills of nursing students. DESIGN: The study was designed as a randomized controlled trial...
July 12, 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731005/preparing-medical-students-with-congenital-colour-vision-deficiency-for-safe-practice
#7
Rajat Dhingra, Jolly Rohatgi, Upreet Dhaliwal
BACKGROUND: Colour vision of candidates is tested in many medical colleges in India at the time of admission to undergraduate courses; however, there are no guidelines, and therefore no counselling, on how students with congenital colour vision deficiency (CCVD) should negotiate the medical course, and how best they can practise safely after graduation. Problems in interpreting coloured signs may lead to misdiagnosis. This study aimed to explore difficulties during clinical work that requires colour discrimination, and to offer suggestions on safe practice based on the findings and a review of the literature...
January 2017: National Medical Journal of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730911/important-learning-factors-in-high-and-low-achieving-students-in-undergraduate-biomechanics
#8
ChengTu Hsieh, Duane Knudson
The purpose of the present study was to document crucial factors associated with students' learning of biomechanical concepts, particularly between high- and-low achieving students. Students (N = 113) from three introductory biomechanics classes at two public universities volunteered for the study. Two measures of students' learning were obtained, final course grade and improvement on the Biomechanics Concept Inventory version 3 administered before and after the course. Participants also completed a 15-item questionnaire documenting student learning characteristics, effort, and confidence...
July 21, 2017: Sports Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729584/using-virtual-microscopy-to-deliver-an-integrated-oral-pathology-course-for-undergraduate-dental-students
#9
D J Brierley, P M Speight, K D Hunter, P Farthing
Dental students in the United Kingdom usually study histopathology as part of their undergraduate curriculum and this has traditionally been delivered using light microscopes in laboratory classes. Beginning in 2005, the oral pathology course in Sheffield was gradually modified by the introduction of virtual microscopy with a focus on creating a more integrated, clinically orientated and dynamic approach to student teaching and learning in histopathology. The purpose of this paper is to describe how virtual microscopy has been used to enhance dental students' learning of oral pathology, and its role in facilitating an integrated oral disease curriculum in Sheffield...
July 21, 2017: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728465/evaluating-the-test-retest-reliability-of-symptom-indices-associated-with-the-impact-post-concussion-symptom-scale-pcss
#10
Victoria C Merritt, Megan L Bradson, Jessica E Meyer, Peter A Arnett
OBJECTIVE: The Immediate Post-Concussion Assessment and Cognitive Testing (ImPACT) is a commonly used tool in sports concussion assessment. While test-retest reliabilities have been established for the ImPACT cognitive composites, few studies have evaluated the psychometric properties of the ImPACT's Post-Concussion Symptom Scale (PCSS). The purpose of this study was to establish the test-retest reliability of symptom indices associated with the PCSS. PARTICIPANTS AND METHODS: Participants included 38 undergraduate students (50...
July 20, 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728037/including-the-online-feedback-site-patient-opinion-in-the-nursing-curriculum-exploratory-study
#11
Ray Jones, Kim Young, James Munro, Heather Miller, Stephanie Brelsford, Jennie Aronsson, Benny Goodman, Jane Peters
BACKGROUND: Globally, universities aim to involve people who use health services to enrich the nursing curriculum for students, but there can be barriers to this involvement. Many also want students to contribute to local communities. Online communication can help connect students to service users to achieve these aims. The online British patient feedback site, Patient Opinion, gathers comments from service users about services and encourages service responses to the comments. OBJECTIVES: To explore the feasibility and acceptability of five ways of including Patient Opinion in the undergraduate nursing curriculum...
July 12, 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727637/evaluation-and-student-perceptions-of-an-ob-boot-camp-simulation-for-undergraduate-nursing-students-a-mixed-method-approach
#12
Cynthia S Crews, Lisa C Minor
Obstetrical nursing offers unique challenges as a specialty clinical area as the process of birth and the nature of the setting are unpredictable. Traditional undergraduate baccalaureate nursing students may not have experience with maternal/newborn care. An eight-hour OB Boot Camp was developed to prepare students for their first obstetrical clinical rotation. An explanatory sequential mixed-method research study was used to explore student perceptions and evaluate the experience. On the basis of the results of this research study, the OB Boot Camp was a valuable instructional method to prepare students for obstetrical clinical rotations and coursework...
July 19, 2017: Nursing Education Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726520/rural-and-urban-substance-use-differences-effects-of-the-transition-to-college
#13
Karen J Derefinko, Zoran Bursac, Michael G Mejia, Richard Milich, Donald R Lynam
BACKGROUND: With approximately 20% of Americans residing in rural communities, substance use differences is an important topic for appropriate use of resources, policy decisions, and the development of prevention and intervention programs. OBJECTIVES: The current study examined differences in alcohol, tobacco, and marijuana use among students from rural and urban backgrounds across the transition to college. METHODS: Participants were 431 (48% male) undergraduate students from a large, public southeastern university who provided yearly alcohol, tobacco, and marijuana use data during freshman, sophomore, and junior years...
July 20, 2017: American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725204/history-of-childhood-maltreatment-and-college-academic-outcomes-indirect-effects-of-hot-execution-function
#14
Marilyn C Welsh, Eric Peterson, Molly M Jameson
College students who report a history of childhood maltreatment may be at risk for poor outcomes. In the current study, we conducted an exploratory analysis to examine potential models that statistically mediate associations between aspects of maltreatment and aspects of academic outcome, with a particular focus on executive functions (EF). Consistent with contemporary EF research, we distinguished between relatively "cool" EF tasks (i.e., performed in a context relatively free of emotional or motivational valence) and "hot" EF tasks that emphasize performance under more emotionally arousing conditions...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725130/role-of-community-pharmacists-in-providing-oral-health-advice-in-the-eastern-province-of-saudi-arabia
#15
Hamad Al-Saleh, Thamir Al-Houtan, Khalid Al-Odaill, Basel Al-Mutairi, Mohammed Al-Muaybid, Tameem Al-Falah, Muhammad Ashraf Nazir
OBJECTIVE: To determine the frequency of patients seeking oral health advice and willingness of community pharmacists to provide oral health information in the Eastern Province of Saudi Arabia. METHODS: A cross-sectional study with sample size (n = 332) of randomly selected community pharmacists across the province. The questionnaire comprised of 25 questions divided into 3 sections. Frequency distributions of different categorical variables were calculated and Pearson's chi-square tests were performed to compare categorical variables...
July 2017: Saudi Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724020/the-home-care-teaching-and-learning-process-in-undergraduate-health-care-degree-courses
#16
Ana Paula Hermann, Maria Ribeiro Lacerda, Mariluci Alves Maftum, Elizabeth Bernardino, Ana Lúcia Schaefer Ferreira de Mello
Home care, one of the services provided by the health system, requires health practitioners who are capable of understanding its specificities. This study aimed to build a substantive theory that describes experiences of home care teaching and learning during undergraduate degree courses in nursing, pharmacy, medicine, nutrition, dentistry and occupational therapy. A qualitative analysis was performed using the grounded theory approach based on the results of 63 semistructured interviews conducted with final year students, professors who taught subjects related to home care, and recent graduates working with home care, all participants in the above courses...
July 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723267/effects-of-drinker-self-schema-on-drinking-and-smoking-related-information-processing-and-behaviors
#17
Chia-Kuei Lee, Karen F Stein, Colleen Corte
BACKGROUND: Co-occurrence of drinking and smoking is prevalent in undergraduate students. A drinker self-schema - cognition about the self as the drinker - is a common identity in undergraduates and a well-known predictor of drinking behaviors. Given that smoking commonly occurs in the context of drinking, a drinker self-schema may be a cognitive mechanism to motivate co-occurring alcohol and tobacco use (i.e., cross-substance facilitation hypothesis). This study was to determine whether the drinker self-schema influences the processing of drinking- and smoking-related information and facilitates the co-occurrence of alcohol and tobacco use in undergraduate students who drink and smoke but do not self-identify as smokers...
July 19, 2017: Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721312/2016-writing-contest-undergraduate-winner-the-relationship-between-medication-adherence-and-total-healthcare-expenditures-by-race-ethnicity-in-patients-with-diabetes-in-hawai-i
#18
Cori X Sutton, Dee-Ann Carpenter, Wesley Sumida, Deborah Taira
Diabetes is a costly, chronic disease that is becoming increasingly prevalent worldwide. Studies show that Native Hawaiians suffer from higher rates of diabetes and lower rates of medication adherence compared to Caucasians and Japanese. This study compared total annual healthcare expenditures of patients with diabetes in Hawai'i by race and ethnicity and determined whether any existing differences persisted after controlling for medication adherence and demographic factors. The study population consisted of 30,445 individuals, using administrative claims data from a large health plan in Hawai'i...
July 2017: Hawai'i Journal of Medicine & Public Health: a Journal of Asia Pacific Medicine & Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721052/study-of-the-combinatorial-impact-of-empathy-and-emotion-on-the-processing-of-conflicts-of-interest-with-the-event-related-potential-technique
#19
Xiaoli He, Ni Zhang
OBJECTIVES: Studies have found that empathy is important in moral development and violence suppression, and emotion also affects empathy. However, the combinatorial effect of emotion and empathy on the processing of conflicts is not known. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 44 undergraduate students (23 in low-empathy group and 21 in high-empathy group) were enrolled in this study. They were subjected to positive, negative, and neutral emotion evoking, as well as conflicting or nonconflicting proposals...
2017: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720423/undergraduate-clinical-teaching-in-orthopedic-surgery-a-randomized-control-trial-comparing-the-effect-of-case-based-teaching-and-bedside-teaching-on-musculoskeletal-osce-performance
#20
Martin Kelly, Iain Feeley, Fiona Boland, John M O'Byrne
INTRODUCTION: Musculoskeletal (MSK) complaints are the second most common reason for a hospital outpatient appointment in the US, and account for 19.5% of general practice consultations. Previous studies have shown that passive teaching in medical school does not imbue students with an adequate degree of confidence in MSK evaluation. The aim of this study was to conduct a randomized control trial to compare the effect of the gold standard small group tutorial of bedside teaching against case-based teaching (CBT) in relation to orthopedic surgery in medical students...
July 15, 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
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