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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29245090/psychological-distress-and-risk-for-suicidal-behavior-among-university-students-in-contemporary-china
#1
Fang Tang, Majella Byrne, Ping Qin
BACKGROUND: Psychological distress and suicidal behavior are important mental health problems among university students and warrant research to inform strategies for effective prevention in this young population. The present study aimed to assess psychological distress and suicidal behavior and to unravel their associations among university students. METHODS: A total of 5972 undergraduate students, randomly selected from six universities in central China, comprised the sample...
December 6, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244530/establishing-measurement-equivalence-across-computer-and-paper-based-tests-of-spatial-cognition
#2
Shannon K T Bailey, Alexis R Neigel, Lindsay Y Dhanani, Valerie K Sims
Objective The purpose of the present research is to establish measurement equivalence and test differences in reliability between computerized and pencil-and-paper-based tests of spatial cognition. Background Researchers have increasingly adopted computerized test formats, but few attempt to establish equivalence for computer-based and paper-based tests. The mixed results in the literature on the test mode effect, which occurs when performance differs as a function of test medium, highlight the need to test for, instead of assume, measurement equivalence...
December 1, 2017: Human Factors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243377/mindfulness-in-nursing-students-the-five-facet-mindfulness-questionnaire-in-samples-of-nursing-students-in-china-the-philippines-and-south-africa
#3
David Arthur, Doroteo Dizon, Karien Jooste, Zheng Li, Mathew Salvador, Xiuyu Yao
Mindfulness as a clinical strategy for helping manage physical and psychological symptoms is gathering an impressive evidence base. It is also being embraced widely for personal and professional development. As a therapeutic intervention for nurses working across a spectrum of settings, it helps expand practice, and integrating mindfulness in nursing undergraduate and graduate curricula is imminent. In the present study, we outline the development and measurement of mindfulness as a personality trait and therapeutic intervention, and advocate the use of a questionnaire alternative to expensive and impractical laboratory measures...
December 15, 2017: International Journal of Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29242179/individual-differences-in-the-relationship-between-attachment-and-nomophobia-among-college-students-the-mediating-role-of-mindfulness
#4
Ibrahim Arpaci, Mustafa Baloğlu, Hatice İrem Özteke Kozan, Şahin Kesici
BACKGROUND: There is a growing interest in nomophobia, which is defined as the fear of being out of cellular phone contact, or "feelings of discomfort or anxiety experienced by individuals when they are unable to use their mobile phones or utilize the affordances these devices provide". However, only limited research can be found in terms of its determinants at present. Contemporary literature suggests that the relationships among attachment styles, mindfulness, and nomophobia have not been investigated...
December 14, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241599/participation-of-clinical-nurses-in-the-practical-education-of-undergraduate-nursing-students
#5
Águeda Cervera-Gasch, Víctor M Gonzalez-Chorda, Desirée Mena-Tudela, Pablo Salas-Medina, Ana Folch-Ayora, Loreto Macia-Soler
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the level of participation of clinical nurses from Castellón where Universitat JaumeI nursing students do their clinical clerkship. To identify the variables that may influence clinical nurses' participation in students' clinical mentorship. METHOD: This observational, cross-sectional and descriptive study was conducted by applying the validated Involvement, Motivation, Satisfaction, Obstacles and Commitment (IMSOC) questionnaire. The variables collected were: age, work environment and previous training...
December 11, 2017: Enfermería Clínica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240455/development-and-evaluation-of-a-student-initiated-test-preparation-program-for-the-usmle-step-1-examination
#6
Lindsay F Schwartz, Matthew Lineberry, Yoon Soo Park, Carol S Kamin, Abbas A Hyderi
PROBLEM: Studies have documented performance on the United States Medical Licensing Examination® (USMLE) Step 1 exam as an important factor that residency program directors consider when deciding which applicants to interview and rank. Therefore, success on this exam, though only one aspect of applicant evaluation, is important in determining future career prospects for medical students. Unfortunately, mean test scores at the University of Illinois College of Medicine at Chicago (UIC) have historically been below the national average...
December 14, 2017: Teaching and Learning in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239912/evaluating-the-effectiveness-of-visual-narrative-illustrations-used-to-teach-pathophysiology-to-undergraduate-nursing-students
#7
Mohamed El Hussein, Vincent Salyers, Joseph Osuji
Nursing students and nurses often struggle with understanding pathophysiology concepts. Seventy-five students participated in two phases of an exploratory study that evaluated knowledge of pathophysiology concepts when taught using an innovation known as "visual narrative illustrations" (VNIs). Students taught using VNIs performed significantly better on a knowledge posttest and commented that the VNI humor and visual images helped them learn complex concepts. Used in combination with other teaching strategies, VNIs enhanced knowledge and understanding of pathophysiology concepts...
December 13, 2017: Nursing Education Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239463/common-mental-disorders-in-medical-students-a-repeated-cross-sectional-study-over-six-years
#8
Edméa Fontes de Oliva Costa, Carlos Mauricio Cardeal Mendes, Tarcísio Matos de Andrade
INTRODUCTION: Becoming a medical doctor is a very complex process. Factors related to the student's personality, the educational process and the daily experience with death contribute to peculiar psycho-emotional experiences, not always properly investigated during medical training. OBJECTIVE: To estimate the prevalence of common mental disorders (CMD) and associated factors, over six years of medical undergraduate course among all students of a class at a public university in Brazil...
September 2017: Revista da Associação Médica Brasileira
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239085/developing-educators-of-european-undergraduate-dental-students-towards-an-agreed-curriculum
#9
S Chuenjitwongsa, R G Oliver, A D Bullock
INTRODUCTION: Recent developments in European dental education are student-focused, concerned with competency-based and problem-based learning. The development of dental educators has so far received little consideration. This study aimed to agree curriculum content for developing dental educators so that they are better able to support changing undergraduate dental education. METHODS: Adopting consensus methodology, a 2-round Delphi was conducted in 2012. Fifty-three dental educators and 39 dental students across Europe volunteered to take part...
December 14, 2017: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238573/estimate-of-undergraduate-university-student-alcohol-use-in-china-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#10
REVIEW
Ian Newman, Lanyan Ding, Yonghua Feng
Objective: To develop an estimate of self-reported last 30 day alcohol use by university students in China. Methods: A search of papers published in English and Chinese between 2006 and 2015, following pre-established selection criteria, identified 30 papers that were included in this meta-analysis. Nine moderator variables were preselected for this analysis. Results: A total of 749 papers were identified in the keyword search, and 30 studies (28 in Chinese, 2 in English) met all selection criteria and were included in the meta-analysis...
2017: Archives of Public Health, Archives Belges de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237443/nursing-faculty-academic-incivility-perceptions-of-nursing-students-and-faculty
#11
Joshua K Muliira, Jansi Natarajan, Jacoba van der Colff
BACKGROUND: Incivility in nursing education can adversely affect the academic environment, the learning outcomes, and safety. Nursing faculty (NF) and nursing students (NS) contribute to the academic incivility. Little is known about the extent of NF academic incivility in the Middle East region. This study aimed at exploring the perceptions and extent of NF academic incivility in an undergraduate nursing program of a public university in Oman. METHODS: A cross sectional survey was used to collect data from 155 undergraduate NS and 40 NF about faculty academic incivility...
December 13, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237221/-the-medical-examination-between-desire-and-reality-analysis-of-consensus-between-the-second-part-of-the-medical-licensing-exam-impp-and-the-national-catalogue-of-expertise-based-learning-goals-in-surgery-nklc
#12
Jasmina Sterz, Miriam Rüsseler, Vanessa Britz, Christina Stefanescu, Sebastian H Hoefer, Farzin Adili, Teresa Schreckenbach, Iris Schleicher, Roxane Weber, Hans-Stefan Hofmann, Friedericke Voß, Sarah König, Markus K Heinemann, Martina Kadmon
Background The working party of the German Society for Surgery (DGCH) on undergraduate surgical education has developed a national expertise-based catalogue of learning goals in surgery (NKLC). This study analyses the extent to which the questions of the German second medical licensing examination compiled by the IMPP are congruent with the NKLC and which thematic focus is emphasised. Materials and Methods Firstly, a guideline and evaluation sheet were developed in order to achieve documentation of the individual examination questions of the second licensing examination with respect to the learning goals of the NKLC...
December 2017: Zentralblatt Für Chirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236727/mental-health-behavioural-problems-and-treatment-seeking-among-students-commencing-university-in-northern-ireland
#13
Margaret McLafferty, Coral R Lapsley, Edel Ennis, Cherie Armour, Sam Murphy, Brendan P Bunting, Anthony J Bjourson, Elaine K Murray, Siobhan M O'Neill
Mental health and behavioural problems are common among students commencing university. University life can be stressful and problems often exacerbate during their course of study, while others develop disorders for the first time. The WHO World Mental Health Surveys International College Student Project aims to conduct longitudinal research to examine and monitor student mental health and wellbeing. The Ulster University Student Wellbeing study, which commenced in September 2015 in Northern Ireland (NI), was conducted as part of this initiative (wave 1, n = 739), using the WMH-CIDI to examine psychopathology...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236564/views-from-the-field-medical-student-experiences-and-perceptions-of-interprofessional-learning-and-collaboration-in-rural-settings
#14
David S Thompson, Jacques Abourbih, Lorraine Carter, Gayle Adams-Carpino, Sue Berry, Lisa E Graves, Nichole J Ranger
Exploring the perceived environment where students are educated, as well as where they practice, is particularly important for educators and practitioners working in situations of interprofessional rural and remote health. In this study, we explored the perceptions of undergraduate medical students regarding interprofessionalism across their four-year undergraduate program which focuses on rural health. A thematic content analysis of the text-data was conducted on a convenience sample of 47 student responses to essay questions across four cohorts of a four-year undergraduate medical program...
December 13, 2017: Journal of Interprofessional Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235241/risky-sex-behaviours-among-college-students-the-psychosocial-profile
#15
Louise Dolphin, Amanda Fitzgerald, Barbara Dooley
AIMS: Risky sex behaviours among college students are a growing public health concern. However, few studies have profiled these behaviours using a large range of psychosocial correlates. METHODS: Participants were 6874 undergraduate and postgraduate students (64.7% female, age range 17-25 years, M = 20.43 years, SD = 1.86 years) drawn from 13 higher-level institutions in Ireland. RESULTS: Regarding prevalence, 75% of the sample report that they have been, or are currently sexually active...
December 13, 2017: Early Intervention in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233801/getting-to-the-root-of-fine-motor-skill-performance-in-dentistry-brain-activity-during-dental-tasks-in-a-virtual-reality-haptic-simulation
#16
Suzanne Perry, Susan M Bridges, Frank Zhu, W Keung Leung, Michael F Burrow, Jamie Poolton, Rich Sw Masters
BACKGROUND: There is little evidence considering the relationship between movement-specific reinvestment (a dimension of personality which refers to the propensity for individuals to consciously monitor and control their movements) and working memory during motor skill performance. Functional near-infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS) measuring oxyhemoglobin demands in the frontal cortex during performance of virtual reality (VR) psychomotor tasks can be used to examine this research gap. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine the potential relationship between the propensity to reinvest and blood flow to the dorsolateral prefrontal cortices of the brain...
December 12, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233325/malaysian-pharmacy-students-intention-to-provide-smoking-cessation-counseling
#17
Saraswathi Simansalam, Siti Hadijah Shamsudin, Mohamad Haniki Nik Mohamed
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Malaysian National Quit Smoking Program had proposed to integrate smoking cessation counseling skills into all relevant healthcare curricula as one of its strategies to increase the number of Malaysians giving up smoking. More effective implementation of the curricula can be facilitated by further understanding the factors influencing students' intention in terms of providing smoking cessation counseling. This study, guided by Integrated Behavior Model (IBM), aimed to explore the factors which influenced pharmacy undergraduates in providing smoking cessation counseling...
September 2017: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233323/evaluation-of-two-different-poverty-simulations-with-professional-phase-pharmacy-students
#18
Carriann Smith, Priscilla Ryder, Meghan Blais, Ryan Schneck
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Pharmacy students will interact with patients who struggle to receive the health care they need. Since attitudes can influence behavior, exposure to these struggles may positively improve patient care. This study evaluates a group of student responses to two different interventions approximately 9 months apart. The primary objectives of this study were to: (1) identify if SPENT, an online game, could alone improve students' attitudes towards those living in poverty, (2) determine if changes imparted by SPENT were retained for nine months, and (3) identify if CAPS, a live simulation, has an additional benefit...
September 2017: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233318/a-course-for-developing-interprofessional-skills-in-pre-professional-honor-students-using-humanities-and-media
#19
Therese I Poirier, Connie Stamper-Carr, Kate Newman
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: To design and implement an undergraduate honors course for pre-health professional students that develops interpersonal skills through use of a variety of humanities. EDUCATIONAL ACTIVITY AND SETTING: A three credit hour course in an honors seminar sequence was developed by pharmacy practice faculty and with input from faculty in mass communications, philosophy, applied communication studies and history. The course utilized a variety of media such as literature, film, and podcasts to foster student discussion about a variety of health-related topics...
September 2017: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233304/perspective-of-saudi-undergraduate-pharmacy-students-on-pharmacovigilance-and-adverse-drug-reaction-reporting-a-national-survey
#20
Nazmeyah Alkayyal, Ejaz Cheema, Muhammad Abdul Hadi
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this study was to evaluate Saudi undergraduate pharmacy students' knowledge, attitude, and readiness towards pharmacovigilance and reporting of adverse drug reactions (ADRs). METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was conducted between January 15, 2016 and February 18, 2016 using a structured, validated and pilot-tested questionnaire among senior (year 4, 5, and 6) undergraduate pharmacy students enrolled at a governmental or private university/college...
September 2017: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
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