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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409359/on-the-battlefield-the-black-church-public-health-and-the-fight-against-hiv-among-african-american-gay-and-bisexual-men
#1
William L Jeffries Iv, Madeline Y Sutton, Agatha N Eke
HIV affects African American gay and bisexual men (AAGBM) more disproportionately than any other group in the USA. The Black Church, which has been a historic mainstay for African American empowerment and well-being, has the potential to be a public health partner for HIV prevention with AAGBM. Public health partnerships with the Black Church can strengthen HIV prevention efforts with AAGBM by [1] adapting church-based prevention strategies developed for other African American subgroups [2], providing prevention and referral services [3], considering how scripture supports prevention efforts, and [4] emphasizing the tenets of liberation theology...
April 13, 2017: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409288/temporary-fusionless-posterior-occipitocervical-fixation-for-a-proximal-junctional-type-ii-odontoid-fracture-after-previous-c2-pelvis-fusion-case-report-description-of-a-new-surgical-technique-and-review-of-the-literature
#2
Alexander A Theologis, Vedat Deviren, Bobby Tay
PURPOSE: Axial fractures in patients with a previous C2-pelvis posterior instrumented fusion are rare and may be challenging to manage. Motion preservation in the axial spine for these patients is important, as the C1-2 and Occipit-C1 joints are their only remaining mobile spinal segments. In this unique report, we present for the first time the use of a fusionless occipitocervical operation for the treatment of a type II odontoid fracture and unilateral C2 pars fracture adjacent to a previous C2-pelvis posterior instrumented fusion...
April 13, 2017: European Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392595/the-principles-of-catholic-social-teaching-a-guide-for-decision-making-from-daily-clinical-encounters-to-national-policy-making
#3
Karen Shields Wright
Catholic social teaching (CST), a branch of moral theology, addresses contemporary issues within the political, economic, and cultural structures of society. The threefold cornerstone of CST contains the principles of human dignity, solidarity, and subsidiarity. It is the foundation on which to form our conscience in order to evaluate the framework of society and is the Catholic criteria for prudential judgment and direction in developing current policy-making. With knowledge of these social principles, in combination with our faith, we will be more armed and informed as to articulate the Catholic vision of reality, the truthful nature of the human person and society, to apply and integrate the social teachings in our everyday administrative and clinical encounters, and through the virtue of charity take action within the social, political, and economic spheres in which we have influence...
February 2017: Linacre Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392593/st-padre-pio-home-for-the-relief-of-suffering-in-the-usa-responding-to-the-call
#4
Jere D Palazzolo
This exposition is not intended to be a scientific or theological treatise, but rather a testimony to a personal call by Padre Pio, a commitment in faith, to duplicate St. Pio's model of healthcare delivery as a "Beacon of Light" in our increasingly secular country, an example of truly faithful Catholic health care fully faithful to the Magisterial authority of the Church, and a model for other Catholic hospitals to emulate in their ministries.
November 2016: Linacre Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392590/health-care-s-ills-a-catholic-diagnosis
#5
Angus Sibley
Catholic teaching is emphatic on the need to "guarantee adequate [health] care to all," as Pope Benedict XVI has stated. America has been slower than other advanced countries in progressing towards this goal. Reasons for this delay can be found in certain attitudes that have long been present in American culture, and have been reinforced by the wave of libertarianism (free-market ideology) that swept the world in the late twentieth century. Catholic theology and social/economic teaching can help us understand the flaws in these attitudes, which involve fundamental philosophical and theological principles, but which are far from academic, since they have serious and very practical consequences...
November 2016: Linacre Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28387570/seeking-and-accepting-u-s-clergy-theological-and-moral-perspectives-informing-decision-making-at-the-end-of-life
#6
Justin J Sanders, Vinca Chow, Andrea C Enzinger, Tai-Chung Lam, Patrick T Smith, Rebecca Quiñones, Andrew Baccari, Sarah Philbrick, Gloria White-Hammond, John Peteet, Tracy A Balboni, Michael J Balboni
BACKGROUND: People with serious illness frequently rely on religion/spirituality to cope with their diagnosis, with potentially positive and negative consequences. Clergy are uniquely positioned to help patients consider medical decisions at or near the end of life within a religious/spiritual framework. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to examine clergy knowledge of end-of-life (EOL) care and beliefs about the role of faith in EOL decision making for patients with serious illness...
April 7, 2017: Journal of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344375/political-liberalism-and-religious-claims-four-blind-spots
#7
Kristina Stoeckl
This article gives an overview of 4 important lacunae in political liberalism and identifies, in a preliminary fashion, some trends in the literature that can come in for support in filling these blind spots, which prevent political liberalism from a correct assessment of the diverse nature of religious claims. Political liberalism operates with implicit assumptions about religious actors being either 'liberal' or 'fundamentalist' and ignores a third, in-between group, namely traditionalist religious actors and their claims...
January 2017: Philosophy & Social Criticism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28279140/alternative-visions-for-pastoral-work-with-lgbtq-individuals-families-and-communities-a-response
#8
Joretta L Marshall
Multiple theological perspectives provide frameworks for pastoral work with lesbian, gay, bisesxual and trans individuals, families, and communities. One model is offered by those who argue for celibacy or heterosexual marriages for those who self-identify as part of LGBTQ communities. This article names other theologically grounded perspectives with the goal of inviting practitioners to broaden their understandings and wrestle with the implications of their theological and ethical stances. When reflecting on the intersection of spirituality and sexuality, the meaning of theological terms such as sin, contributions from queer theologians and pastoral counselors, and the limitations of binary categories common in our theological history, this article encourages pastoral counselors and spiritual care providers to re-examine theological assumptions they bring to their work...
March 2017: Journal of Pastoral Care & Counseling: JPCC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28266226/why-have-the-majority-of-recent-polio-cases-occurred-in-countries-affected-by-islamist-militancy-a-historical-comparative-analysis-of-the-political-determinants-of-polio-in-nigeria-somalia-pakistan-afghanistan-and-syria
#9
Jonathan Kennedy
This article aims to understand why the last few areas where polio remains are affected by armed conflicts involving militant organizations that use Islam to legitimize their activities. The first section critically analyses the argument that Muslims' animosity towards polio vaccination programmes is a consequence of their irrational, backward, anti-Western theology. This argument is depoliticizing, ahistorical and orientalist. Moreover, it does not explain why Islamist militant groups' attitudes to polio vaccination campaigns vary between countries...
March 7, 2017: Medicine, Conflict, and Survival
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225365/magnitude-location-and-factors-related-to-regional-and-global-sagittal-alignment-change-in-long-adult-deformity-constructs-report-of-183-patients-with-2-year-follow-up
#10
Alexander A Theologis, Michael Safaee, Justin K Scheer, Virginie Lafage, Rick Hostin, Robert A Hart, Eric O Klineberg, Themistocles S Protopsaltis, Vedat Deviren, Douglas C Burton, Daniel M Sciubba, Khaled Kebaish, Shay Bess, Christopher I Shaffrey, Frank Schwab, Justin S Smith, Christopher P Ames
STUDY DESIGN: This is a retrospective review of a prospective multicenter adult spinal deformity (ASD) database. OBJECTIVE: To quantify the location and magnitude of sagittal alignment changes within instrumented and noninstrumented spinal segments and to investigate the factors associated with these changes after surgery for ASD. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Spinal realignment is one of the major goals in ASD surgery and changes in the alignment are common following surgical correction...
February 20, 2017: Clinical Spine Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224259/a-black-theological-response-to-race-based-medicine-reconciliation-in-minority-communities
#11
Kirk A Johnson
The harm race-based medicine inflicts on minority bodies through race-based experimentation and the false solutions a race-based drug ensues within minority communities provokes concern. Such areas analyze the minority patient in a physical proxy. Though the mind and body are important entities, we cannot forget about the spirit. Healing is not just a physical practice; it includes spiritual practice. Efficient medicine includes the holistic elements of the mind, body, and spirit. Therefore, the spiritual discipline of black theology can be used as a tool to mend the harms of race-based medicine...
June 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220954/is-god-just-a-big-person-children-s-conceptions-of-god-across-cultures-and-religious-traditions
#12
Melanie A Nyhof, Carl N Johnson
The present research examines the influence of intuitive cognitive domain and religion on the God concepts of children growing up in religious traditions that present God in ways varying from abstract to concrete. In Study 1, we compared children from a Latter-Day Saints (LDS) background with those from mainstream Christian (MC) backgrounds in the United States. In contrast to MC theology that holds that God is all-knowing, all-powerful, and disembodied, LDS theology depicts God as embodied. In Study 1, 3- to 7-year-olds from LDS and MC backgrounds were asked about supernatural mental and immaterial attributes of God, a ghost, a dad, and a bug...
March 2017: British Journal of Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219294/architectural-renovations-of-body-as-temple
#13
Timothy Carroll
This paper addresses the Christian religious tradition of understanding the human body as the 'temple of the Holy Spirit' within the context of body modification in Eastern Orthodox Christianity. Drawing on ethnographic research in Jerusalem and Kansas City, interviews with artists and Orthodox Christians, and theological discourses on the body and art, this paper seeks to understand how the body is treated by Orthodox Christians and evaluates the ethical commitments and contestations around the human body and religious practice...
July 2016: New Bioethics: a Multidisciplinary Journal of Biotechnology and the Body
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219268/the-artificial-world-of-plastination-a-challenge-to-religious-perspectives-on-the-dead-human-body
#14
David Gareth Jones
The public exhibitions of plastinated (preserved) and dissected human cadavers have proved exceedingly popular and also very contentious. However, there has been little in the way of sustained analysis of these exhibitions from a Christian angle. The technique of plastination enables whole bodies to be displayed as though standing and playing a variety of sports, and with 'life-like' facial expressions. In analyzing this phenomenon, the plastination procedure is outlined, and the degree of naturalness of the whole body plastinates assessed...
November 2016: New Bioethics: a Multidisciplinary Journal of Biotechnology and the Body
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28204925/circumferential-fusion-for-degenerative-lumbar-spondylolisthesis-complicated-by-distal-junctional-grade-4-spondylolisthesis-in-the-sub-acute-post-operative-setting
#15
Alexander A Theologis, Deeptee Jain, Christopher P Ames, Murat Pekmezci
INTRODUCTION: Surgical management for lumbar stenosis is generally safe and provides significant improvements in pain, disability, and function. Successful lumbar decompression hinges on removing an appropriate amount of lamina and other compressive pathology in the lateral recess. Too little bony decompression can result in persistent pain and disability, while over resection of the pars and/or facets may jeopardize spinal stability. CASE REPORT: In this unique report, we present for the first time an acute iatrogenic grade 4 L5-S1 spondylolisthesis distal to a L3-5 laminectomy and circumferential instrumented fusion due to bilateral iatrogenic L5 pars fractures and its management and clinical outcomes after revision operation...
February 15, 2017: European Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161595/religious-beliefs-are-factual-beliefs-content-does-not-correlate-with-context-sensitivity
#16
Neil Levy
Neil Van Leeuwen argues that religious beliefs are not factual beliefs: typically, at least, they are attitudes of a different type. He argues that they exhibit much more sensitivity to context than factual beliefs: outside of contexts in which they are salient, they do not govern behaviour or inference, or provide background assumptions for cognition. This article surveys a large range of data to show that the kind of context sensitivity that Van Leeuwen thinks is the province of religious beliefs does not correlate with belief content...
February 2, 2017: Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28156545/the-influence-of-spirituality-and-religiosity-on-the-personal-use-and-practice-patterns-with-complementary-and-alternative-medicine-cam-a-national-survey-of-us-oncologists
#17
Catherine Powers-James, Adriana L Alvarez, Kathrin Milbury, Francoise Adan, Gabriel Lopez, Lorenzo Cohen, Marvin Delgado-Guay, Olufunmilayo I Olopade, Farr A Curlin
248 Background: Although cancer patients frequently use CAM, it is uncertain how oncologists' spirituality and religiosity impact their decisions to use or recommend CAM with their patients. METHODS: A US probability sample of 1,000 ASCO members was contacted by mail and email to complete a survey regarding clinical approaches to herb and supplement (HS) use by cancer patients. RESULTS: Of 927 deliverable surveys, 423 surveys were returned for a response rate of 46%...
October 9, 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28154999/the-spiritual-and-theological-challenges-of-stillbirth-for-bereaved-parents
#18
Daniel Nuzum, Sarah Meaney, Keelin O'Donoghue
Stillbirth is recognized as one of the most challenging experiences of bereavement raising significant spiritual and theological questions. Semi-structured qualitative interviews were conducted with bereaved parents cared for in a tertiary maternity hospital to explore the spiritual impact of stillbirth. Data were analysed using interpretative phenomenological analysis. Stillbirth was identified as an immensely challenging spiritual and personal experience with enduring impact for parents. The superordinate themes to emerge were searching for meaning, maintaining hope and questioning core beliefs...
June 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28154896/-meaning-of-oldest-old-for-individuals-and-society-analysis-of-psychological-sociological-gerontological-epidemiological-and-theological-aspects
#19
R Thiesemann
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: Zeitschrift Für Gerontologie und Geriatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28139174/essentialism-and-islamic-theology-of-homosexuality-a-critical-reflection-on-an-essentialist-epistemology-toward-same-sex-desires-and-acts-in-islam
#20
M Alipour
Although most traditional Muslim scholars condemn same-sex desires and acts, revisionist Muslim scholars have offered a more tolerant approach on this issue over the last two decades. Building on an essentialist approach to same-sex desires and acts, these scholars argue that Islam accepts difference and diversity, including sexual diversity, as part of God's creation. Homosexuality, which in their view is an innate disposition to the same sex, is an alternative sexuality and, thus, accepted by Qur'an/Islam...
January 31, 2017: Journal of Homosexuality
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