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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919132/the-east-the-west-and-the-universal-machine
#1
REVIEW
Bruno Marchal
After reviewing the basic of theology of Universal Numbers/Machines, as detailed in (Marchal, 2007), I illustrate how that body of thought might be used to shed some light upon the apparent dichotomy in Eastern/Western spirituality. This paper relies entirely on my previous inter-disciplinary work in mathematical logic, computer science and machine's theology, where "theology" is used here in the sense of Plato: it is the truth, or the "truth-theory" (in the sense of logicians) about a machine that the machine can either deduce from some of its primitive beliefs, or can be intuited in some sense that eventually is made clear through the modal logic of machine self-reference...
September 14, 2017: Progress in Biophysics and Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914403/self-transformation-at-the-boundary-of-religious-conversion-and-psychosis
#2
Szabolcs Kéri
The relationship between religious conversion, as a form of spiritual emergency, and psychosis is one of the fundamental issues at the meeting point of theology and clinical psychology. In the present study, we assessed 53 individuals referred to a psychiatry center with the initial diagnosis of a psychotic episode by focusing on the clinical diagnosis (psychosis vs. spiritual emergency), subjective experiences (basic symptoms), and neuropsychological functions. Twenty-nine individuals meet the diagnosis of schizophrenia-spectrum disorders, but 24 persons experienced only religious and spiritual problems (religious conversion)...
September 15, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914147/attitudes-toward-euthanasia-among-turkish-university-students
#3
Gulsen Ulas Karaahmetoglu, Nesibe Sumeyye Kutahyalioglu
This study aims to examine perceptions and attitudes toward euthanasia among university students who are pursuing bachelor's degrees. Although the legalization and application of euthanasia are discussed commonly by health-care professionals and partially by lawyers, the ideas of other segments of society, especially university students, are taken place very rarely. The research was conducted descriptively to determine the ideas of 1,170 students at Kastamonu University from six different departments: arts and sciences, theology, tourism, nursing, school of physical education, and sports with using a questionnaire...
January 1, 2017: Omega
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912618/moral-theological-analysis-of-direct-versus-indirect-abortion
#4
John M Haas
Cases of a vital conflict, where the lives of both the mother and child are at risk during pregnancy, have been the subject of recent vigorous debate. The basic principles put forth in the Ethical and Religious Directives are reviewed, as is the principle of double effect. An illustrative case of severe cardiomyopathy in a pregnant woman is described and it is noted that the principle of double effect would not apply. Counter arguments are noted, focusing on Martin Rhonheimer who posits that in the case of vital conflicts, such as performing a craniotomy on a baby stuck in the birth canal, taking the baby's life does not constitute a direct abortion because moral norms do not apply in the extreme conflict situation where both mother and child will die...
August 2017: Linacre Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885134/gay-seouls-expanding-religious-spaces-for-non-heterosexuals-in-south-korea
#5
Joseph Yi, Gowoon Jung, Saul Serna Segura, Joe Phillips, Jerry Z Park
What sorts of Protestant Christian congregations offer space for worship and dialogue among persons with different sexual orientations? The academic literature finds or assumes that non-heterosexuals are stigmatized or invisible in theologically conservative congregations and are welcomed in progressive, affirming congregations. This article develops an alternative claim that some conservative or evangelical congregations offer attractive spaces for many non-heterosexuals to worship and dialogue. We illustrate with an exploratory study of four, inclusive congregations in South Korea-two theologically progressive, two evangelical-whose pastors welcomed everybody regardless of sexual orientation or gender identity...
September 8, 2017: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28880810/theodicies-and-professional-quality-of-life-in-a-nationally-representative-sample-of-chaplains-in-the-veterans-health-administration
#6
Joseph M Currier, Kent D Drescher, Jason A Nieuwsma, Wesley H McCormick
This study examined the role of theodicies or theological/philosophic attempts to resolve existential dilemmas related to evil and human suffering in chaplains' professional quality of life (ProQOL). A nationally representative sample of 298 VHA chaplains completed the recently developed Views of Suffering Scale (Hale-Smith, Park, & Edmondson, 2012 ) and ProQOL-5 (Stamm, 2010 ). Descriptive results revealed that 20-50% endorsed strong theistic beliefs in a compassionate deity who reciprocally suffers with hurting people, God ultimately being responsible for suffering, and that suffering can provide opportunities for intimate encounters with God and personal growth...
October 2017: Journal of Prevention & Intervention in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28827943/the-philosophical-and-cultural-situatedness-of-spirituality-at-the-end-of-life-in-india
#7
Hamilton Inbadas
The sustained interest in exploring the spiritual domain at end of life in the Indian context reflects the recognition of its significance as an integral part of palliative care. A key aspect of findings from studies so far is the identification of challenges, inadequacies, limitations and ethical dilemmas in relation to spirituality at the end of life. India is known for its rich spiritual heritage and has unique ways of understanding, experiencing and expressing spirituality. The philosophical and cultural frames of reference, with which communities in India make sense of life, death and dying, determine the characteristics of Indian spirituality at the end of life...
July 2017: Indian Journal of Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805770/-new-classifications-of-epilepsies-and-seizure-types-created-by-the-international-league-against-epilepsy-2017
#8
Ye V Makushkin, S N Oskolkova, G A Fastovtsov
First part of this review (Chapter 1) demonstrates an ambiguous attitude toward psychiatry among professionals and in society in recent decades. The articles of supporters and opponents of psychiatry are also quoted. The authors describe the dynamics of the reflection of psychopathology in the main widely accepted classifications and manuals. Critical and negative opinions regarding the DSM-5, due to its role in the 'medicalization' processes, for the movement 'World Mental Health', are mentioned. The history of antipsychiatry movement and its results for psychiatry and society are analyzed as well...
2017: Zhurnal Nevrologii i Psikhiatrii Imeni S.S. Korsakova
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791892/voluntarist-theology-and-early-modern-science-the-matter-of-the-divine-power-absolute-and-ordained
#9
Francis Oakley
This paper is an intervention in the debate inaugurated by Peter Harrison in 2002 when he called into question the validity of what has come to be called 'the voluntarism and early-modern science thesis'. Though it subsequently drew support from such historians of science as J. E. McGuire, Margaret Osler, and Betty-Joe Teeter Dobbs, the origins of the thesis are usually traced back to articles published in 1934 and 1961 respectively by the philosopher Michael Foster and the historian of ideas Francis Oakley...
August 1, 2017: History of Science; An Annual Review of Literature, Research and Teaching
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776125/-for-every-illness-there-is-a-cure-attitudes-and-beliefs-of-moroccan-muslim-women-regarding-health-illness-and-medicine
#10
Chaïma Ahaddour, Bert Broeckaert
In order to provide adequate health care, it is important to be well aware of the views and attitudes of the health seeker regarding health, illness and medicine. In the Belgian context, the views of Muslim women, particularly of middle-aged and elderly Moroccan women, have been understudied. The aim of this article is twofold. First, we seek to bring forward the attitudes and beliefs of middle-aged and elderly Moroccan Muslim women living in Antwerp (Belgium) towards health, illness and medicine. Second, we seek to explore which role religion plays in their views and attitudes regarding health, illness and medicine...
August 3, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28772420/gel-space-ratio-evolution-in-ternary-composite-system-consisting-of-portland-cement-silica-fume-and-fly-ash
#11
Mengxue Wu, Chen Li, Wu Yao
In cement-based pastes, the relationship between the complex phase assemblage and mechanical properties is usually described by the "gel/space ratio" descriptor. The gel/space ratio is defined as the volume ratio of the gel to the available space in the composite system, and it has been widely studied in the cement unary system. This work determines the gel/space ratio in the cement-silica fume-fly ash ternary system (C-SF-FA system) by measuring the reaction degrees of the cement, SF, and FA. The effects that the supplementary cementitious material (SCM) replacements exert on the evolution of the gel/space ratio are discussed both theoretically and practically...
January 11, 2017: Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28757484/-scholasticism-is-a-daughter-of-judaism-the-discovery-of-jewish-influence-on-medieval-christian-thought
#12
George Y Kohler
This article retells the surprising discovery of a considerable Jewish influence on Christian scholasticism in the Middle Ages. While most students of Albert the Great and Thomas Aquinas knew that both had read Jewish philosophy, only the rediscovery of especially Maimonides's Guide of the Perplexed by Jewish philosophers in the nineteenth century showed the whole extent of the scholastics' dependence on Jewish predecessors - especially where they do not refer to them specifically. This Jewish discovery naturally faced Catholic resistance, if not denial, and turns thus into an interesting chapter in the history of theological ideas...
2017: Journal of the History of Ideas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28753875/islam-and-the-urinary-stoma-a-contemporary-theological-and-urological-dilemma
#13
Saiful Miah, Altaf Mangera, Nadir I Osman, Suresh Venugopal, James Catto, Derek Rosario
BACKGROUND: The prayer ritual is an essential component of Islam that requires entry into a state of physical purity (wudhu) through ablution, which is invalidated by voiding. An important dilemma for patients and surgeons may arise when a Muslim patient is counselled on cystectomy because of the belief by some that an incontinent urinary diversion will automatically invalidate their wudhu. OBJECTIVE: To determine if there are any religious barriers and implications for Muslim patients undergoing an incontinent urinary diversion...
July 13, 2017: European Urology Focus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732262/attitudes-toward-epilepsy-and-perceptions-of-epilepsy-related-stigma-in-korean-evangelical-christians
#14
Sang-Ahm Lee, Eun-Ju Choi, Ji-Ye Jeon, Joon-Hyun Paek
PURPOSE: The scriptural description of Jesus driving out an evil spirit from a boy with epilepsy supported the idea of the spiritual nature of epilepsy for centuries. Korea has a shorter history of Christianity than the Western world. We determined whether there are differences in attitudes toward epilepsy and perception of epilepsy-related stigma between people with and without belief in evangelical Christianity in Korea. METHODS: Data were collected from evangelical churches and theological colleges...
July 18, 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726328/dante-s-two-suns-reflections-on-the-psychological-sources-of-the-divine-comedy
#15
David M Black
The power of Dante's Divine Comedy is unmistakable, but surprising in view of its theological structure and assumptions that are no longer current among most modern readers. This paper suggests that its power derives from the deep psychological truthfulness with which Dante deals with the painful personal crisis that underlies the poem and is his starting point. It attempts to clarify what may have constituted that crisis, and why the structure of the Comedy, and in particular its use of two guides, Virgil and Beatrice, who might be thought a somewhat incompatible pairing, point significantly to the nature of the solution Dante arrived at...
July 20, 2017: International Journal of Psycho-analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726028/should-we-all-be-scientists-re-thinking-laboratory-research-as-a-calling
#16
Louise Bezuidenhout, Nathaniel A Warne
In recent years there have been major shifts in how the role of science-and scientists-are understood. The critical examination of scientific expertise within the field of Science and Technology Studies (STS) are increasingly eroding notions of the "otherness" of scientists. It would seem to suggest that anyone can be a scientist-when provided with the appropriate training and access to data. In contrast, however, ethnographic evidence from the scientific community tells a different story. Scientists are quick to recognize that not everyone can-or should-be a scientist...
July 19, 2017: Science and Engineering Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712020/considering-weight-loss-programs-and-public-health-partnerships-in-american-evangelical-protestant-churches
#17
D Gibbes Miller
The obesity epidemic is a critical public health threat facing the USA. With the advent of American Evangelical Protestant (AEP) weight loss guides and narratives, AEP churches could potentially aid public health agencies in combatting obesity, and some scholars have called for investment in partnerships between public health agencies and religious institutions. This paper examines the theological and social underpinnings of AEP weight loss programs and considers the potential benefits and risks of public health partnerships with AEP churches to combat obesity...
July 15, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707867/science-eastern-orthodoxy-and-protestantism
#18
COMMENT
Peter Harrison
This essay considers some of the major theological differences between Eastern and Western traditions of Christianity and puts forward proposals about how these might be related to the divergent trajectories of the formal study of nature in these two cultural contexts. A key difference lies in the “other-worldly” orientation of Eastern Orthodoxy and its emphasis on deification, which contrast sharply with ideas of original sin and fall–redemption theology in the West. These latter ideas came to play a significant role in the rise of Western science, with the sciences being understood as part of a practical redemptive exercise that could help alleviate the material consequences of original sin...
September 2016: Isis; An International Review Devoted to the History of Science and its Cultural Influences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707863/science-and-russian-orthodox-scholarship
#19
COMMENT
Karl Hall, Dimitri Bayuk
In Russia the theme of science and religion found its strongest resonance at the levels of humanistic scholarship and Christianity in general, where visions of harmony dominated and doctrinal and confessional particularity was largely absent. The fraught relations of both the Holy Synod and the Imperial Academy of Sciences with the Russian state since the early eighteenth century had the collateral consequence of minimal institutional contacts between theology and natural philosophy. Though “scientific apologetics” eventually found a place in the seminaries, scientists did not contribute to this scholarship in the nineteenth century...
September 2016: Isis; An International Review Devoted to the History of Science and its Cultural Influences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707860/theology-and-science-in-the-orthodox-world-some-doubts-from-a-latin-perspective
#20
COMMENT
Christoph Lüthy
Efthymios Nicolaidis et alii open their essay with what amounts to a paradox: they maintain that Orthodox Christianity “scarcely participated in the making of the new European science” but also quote John William Draper’s positive assessment of the openness of the Orthodox Church to the sciences. Whether they manage to resolve this paradox is unclear. This response to their overview suggests that they neglect two key elements: the categorical difference between medieval scientia and modern science; and the role of institutions such as universities and scientific societies...
September 2016: Isis; An International Review Devoted to the History of Science and its Cultural Influences
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