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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28041787/brain-mechanisms-in-religion-and-spirituality-an-integrative-predictive-processing-framework
#1
REVIEW
Michiel van Elk, André Aleman
We present the theory of predictive processing as a unifying framework to account for the neurocognitive basis of religion and spirituality. Our model is substantiated by discussing four different brain mechanisms that play a key role in religion and spirituality: temporal brain areas are associated with religious visions and ecstatic experiences; multisensory brain areas and the default mode network are involved in self-transcendent experiences; the Theory of Mind-network is associated with prayer experiences and over attribution of intentionality; top-down mechanisms instantiated in the anterior cingulate cortex and the medial prefrontal cortex could be involved in acquiring and maintaining intuitive supernatural beliefs...
December 29, 2016: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039957/social-responsibility-and-the-state-s-duty-to-provide-healthcare-an-islamic-ethico-legal-perspective
#2
Aasim I Padela
The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization's (UNESCO) Declaration on Bioethics and Human Rights asserts that governments are morally obliged to promote health and to provide access to quality healthcare, essential medicines and adequate nutrition and water to all members of society. According to UNESCO, this obligation is grounded in a moral commitment to promoting fundamental human rights and emerges from the principle of social responsibility. Yet in an era of ethical pluralism and contentions over the universality of human rights conventions, the extent to which the UNESCO Declaration can motivate behaviors and policies rests, at least in part, upon accepting the moral arguments it makes...
December 30, 2016: Developing World Bioethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28038695/national-trends-in-the-surgical-management-of-adolescent-idiopathic-scoliosis-analysis-of-a-national-estimate-of-60-108-children-from-the-national-inpatient-sample-over-a-13-year-time-period-in-the-united-states
#3
Alexander A Theologis, David C Sing, Faraaz Chekeni, Mohammad Diab
STUDY DESIGN: Analysis of Nationwide Inpatient Sample (NIS). OBJECTIVE: Evaluate evolution of operative treatment of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS). SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Spinal surgery is one of the most rapidly evolving branches of surgery. Changes in AIS operations are incompletely defined. METHODS: Children (10-18 years) with ICD-9 diagnosis of idiopathic scoliosis who underwent thoracic and/or lumbar spinal fusion identified in the NIS (1998-2011) were analyzed...
January 2017: Spine Deformity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28035632/knowledge-and-attitudes-of-the-faculty-of-theology-students-on-organ-transplantation
#4
Seher Gürdil Yilmaz, Burcu Opak Yücel, Döndü Çuhadar
The objective in this study is to determine the knowledge and attitudes of the Faculty of Theology students on organ transplantation. The study that was planned as a descriptive study took place between March-May 2014 with the participation of 119 students enrolled at the Faculty of Theology. It was determined as a result of the study that the students see lack of knowledge (49.6%) as the top obstacle for organ transplantation followed by religion (21%), that 52.1% accept that organ transplantation is not forbidden in Islam; that 27...
December 29, 2016: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28033151/spinal-realignment-for-adult-deformity-three-column-osteotomies-alter-total-hip-acetabular-component-positioning
#5
Jeffrey J Barry, Altug Yucekul, Alexander A Theologis, Erik N Hansen, Christopher Ames, Vedat Deviren
INTRODUCTION: A goal of adult spinal deformity surgery is correction of sagittal imbalance by increasing lumbar lordosis (LL), allowing a previously retroverted pelvis to normalize as evidenced by decreases in pelvic tilt (PT). Realignment of pelvic orientation may alter the position of preexisting total hip arthroplasties (THAs). METHODS: Twenty-seven patients with unilateral THA who underwent thoracolumbar fusions for adult spinal deformity from the pelvis to L1 or above were retrospectively reviewed (levels fused, 10...
February 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032224/asymmetric-c7-pedicle-subtraction-osteotomy-for-correction-of-rigid-cervical-coronal-imbalance-secondary-to-post-traumatic-heterotopic-ossification-a-case-report-description-of-a-novel-surgical-technique-and-literature-review
#6
Alexander A Theologis, Kate D Bellevue, Erion Qamirani, Christopher P Ames, Vedat Deviren
PURPOSE: Deformities of the cervical spine are uncommon in the coronal plane. In this report, a unique case of a 31-year-old male with a fixed, 30° left coronal deformity due to heterotopic ossification 3 years status post poly-trauma was treated with an asymmetric C7 pedicle subtraction osteotomy (PSO). METHODS: Case report. RESULTS: Pre-operatively, the patient had a fixed 45-degree left tilt of his neck and radiographs demonstrated a rigid 30° scoliosis, 7 cm coronal imbalance, and 4 cm negative sagittal balance, diffuse bridging bone between the spinous processes and the facet joints of C5 to T1 bilaterally...
December 28, 2016: European Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28019013/a-cultural-take-on-the-links-between-religiosity-identity-and-meaning-in-life-in-religious-emerging-adults
#7
Oana Negru-Subtirica, Alexandra Tiganasu, Jessie Dezutter, Koen Luyckx
Identity and meaning in life are core developmental assets in emerging adulthood. We analysed how religiosity is related to these intentional strivings in emerging adults enrolled in theological education, by depicting (1) identity strivings and meaning in life accounts in faith narratives (Study 1) and (2) links between personal identity and meaning in life profiles and religious beliefs, behaviours, and subjective experiences (Study 2). Both studies highlighted that a Foreclosed status, with high personal commitment and reduced exploration, was dominant in faith narratives and personal identity profiles...
December 26, 2016: British Journal of Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28008039/aaas-reaches-out-to-theology-students
#8
Michaela Jarvis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 23, 2016: Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27982279/the-discontinuity-between-humans-and-animals-in-buffon-s-natural-history
#9
Gustavo Caponi
According to Buffon, the difference between man's cognitive abilities and those of other animals could not be attributed to natural causes. Noting these differences necessarily meant accepting that the Creator had endowed man with an immaterial soul that was unparalleled among animals. This article seeks to show that Buffon's abandonment of naturalism was not the result of a theological premise but of the impossibility of reconciling the presumed heterogeneity between animal and human cognitive faculties with the materialist explanation of the origin of species that Buffon outlined in the course of his writings...
December 8, 2016: História, Ciências, Saúde—Manguinhos
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27977443/anterior-versus-posterior-approaches-for-odontoid-fracture-stabilization-in-patients-older-than-65-years-30-day-morbidity-and-mortality-in-a-national-database
#10
Joseph T Patterson, Alexander A Theologis, David Sing, Bobby Tay
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective cohort analysis. OBJECTIVE: To compare 30-day perioperative clinical outcomes of surgical odontoid stabilization by an anterior or posterior operative approach in elderly patients. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Surgical stabilization of odontoid fractures is superior to nonoperative management in geriatric patients. How elderly patients with odontoid fractures fare after anterior and posterior approaches, however, is not well defined...
December 13, 2016: Clinical Spine Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27941463/understanding-spiritual-care-the-faith-hope-love-model-of-spiritual-wellness
#11
Sharon K Christman, Julia R Mueller
Spiritual care has been associated with positive patient outcomes. Although nurses want to provide spiritual care, many have difficulty conceptualizing spiritual care outside of religion and religious activities. The Faith-Hope-Love Model of Spiritual Wellness, a theoretical model of spirituality and spiritual well-being, grounded in Christian theology and biblical text, can help nurses provide spiritual support to patients and families from multiple faith traditions or those without a faith background. Spirituality concepts are discussed, and description of how spirituality is related to finding meaning and purpose in life along with a summary of the spiritual needs identified from healthcare literature and the Bible, are provided...
January 2017: Journal of Christian Nursing: a Quarterly Publication of Nurses Christian Fellowship
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27941450/entering-into-suffering-becoming-a-transformed-and-transforming-healer
#12
Rebecca Gaudino, Barbara Braband, Anissa Rogers
Learning how to respond to suffering is a significant challenge for healthcare providers. This interdisciplinary paper relays a Pedagogy of Suffering Model, based on research following a suffering interview project with undergraduate nursing students. The model is compared to the Gospel account of an encounter between Jesus and a Syrophoenician woman (Mark 7:24-30), supporting biblical and theological soundness of the model's transformative tasks for learning how to respond to suffering. The model can guide development of learning experiences that deepen understanding of compassionate interventions for those who suffer...
January 2017: Journal of Christian Nursing: a Quarterly Publication of Nurses Christian Fellowship
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27927492/investigating-the-universality-of-preoperative-health-related-quality-of%C3%A2-life-hrqol-for-surgically-treated-spinal-deformity-in-young-adults-a-propensity-score-matched-comparison-between-african-and%C3%A2-us-populations
#13
Bradley Y Harris, Matthew F Roth, Bassel G Diebo, Shay Bess, Alexander A Theologis, Justin K Scheer, Frank J Schwab, Virginie Lafage, Christopher P Ames, Richard Hodes, Jennifer Ayamga, Oheneba Boachie-Adjei
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective analysis of propensity score-matched (PSM) observational cohorts. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate and compare preoperative health-related quality of life (HRQoL) scores and radiographic measurements of young African and US adults with spinal deformity (ASD). SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Young ASD patients in the United States are motivated more to correct coronal and sagittal plane deformities than to alleviate pain. Motivations for surgical correction in young ASD patients in Africa have not been previously investigated...
September 2016: Spine Deformity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925532/john-adams-an-outstanding-career
#14
David Lewin
A distinguished nurse, teacher, researcher and historian, John Adams was educated at Aylesbury Grammar School and graduated from Selwyn College, Cambridge, with a degree in theological and religious studies.
December 7, 2016: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882715/factors-influencing-church-choice-an-exploration-of-responses-from-new-attendees-at-growing-canadian-mainline-churches
#15
David Millard Haskell, Stephanie Burgoyne, Kevin N Flatt
Seventy new attendees of growing Mainline Protestant churches in Canada agreed to be interviewed regarding what attracted them to, and kept them at, their current congregation. A variety of responses revealed that, in part, the new attendees were drawn to their Mainline Protestant church by aspects of Conservative Protestant theology. Contemporary theories of group membership are used to explore the links between Conservative Protestant theology, group cohesion, and, to a lesser extent, church growth. Soixante-dix nouveaux participants provenant d'une église protestante traditionnelle au Canada en croissance ont accepté d'être interviewés au sujet des caractéristiques qui les ont attirés et qui les ont gardés à leur congrégation actuelle...
November 2016: Canadian Review of Sociology, Revue Canadienne de Sociologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882596/core-intuitions-about-persons-coexist-and-interfere-with-acquired-christian-beliefs-about-god
#16
Michael Barlev, Spencer Mermelstein, Tamsin C German
This study tested the hypothesis that in the minds of adult religious adherents, acquired beliefs about the extraordinary characteristics of God coexist with, rather than replace, an initial representation of God formed by co-option of the evolved person concept. In three experiments, Christian religious adherents were asked to evaluate a series of statements for which core intuitions about persons and acquired Christian beliefs about God were consistent (i.e., true according to both [e.g., "God has beliefs that are true"] or false according to both [e...
November 24, 2016: Cognitive Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27874727/socialization-processes-and-clergy-offenders
#17
Jane Anderson
This article uses feminist theory to investigate how the socialization processes used to maintain the clergy community in the Roman Catholic Church contributes to a vulnerability in some clergy for sexually abusing children. This vulnerability is identified first in an examination of the literature on the impact of socialization processes on clergy offenders between the 1960s and 1980s. A comparison is then made with the implications of the apostolic exhortation, Pastores Dabo Vobis, which provides a theological basis to clergy formation...
November 2016: Journal of Child Sexual Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833210/-validity-and-liceity-in-conjugal-acts-a-reply-to-stephen-napier-on-the-hiv-condom-debate
#18
Joseph Arias
Stephen Napier has argued against the soundness of what he calls the "Canon-Law argument" against the moral permissibility of a couple employing a condom for the sake of one spouse avoiding the contraction of HIV from the other spouse. Without an attempt to provide a full defense of the Canon-Law argument per se, this paper argues that Napier has not shown that argument to be inadequate. Napier's critique of that argument suffers from unsubstantiated counterexamples and from a failure to take into account analogous senses of "procreative end" in reference to the conjugal act...
August 2016: Linacre Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833195/a-virtue-analysis-of-recreational-marijuana-use
#19
Ezra Sullivan, Nicanor Austriaco
: Several empirical studies suggest that recreational marijuana is popularly perceived as an essentially harmless rite of passage that ends as young people settle into their careers and their adult intimate relationships. Is this perception accurate? To answer this question, we evaluate the morality of recreational marijuana use from a virtue perspective guided by the theological synthesis of St. Thomas Aquinas. Since the medical data reveals that recreational marijuana use is detrimental to the well-being of the user, we conclude that it is a vicious activity, an instance of the vice of intoxication, and as such would be morally illicit...
May 2016: Linacre Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833177/dignity-reevaluated-a-theological-examination-of-human-dignity-and-the-role-of-the-church-in-bioethics-and-end-of-life-care
#20
Quentin I T Genuis
Predominant among the terminological ambiguities that plague contemporary bioethics is confusion attending the meaning of the term "human dignity," particularly as it applies to so-called end-of-life discussions. This study surveys current trends in treatment of the concept of dignity, examining relevant thinkers who see dignity as redundant or as capability-dependent. These inadequate views are contrasted with an attitude, based theologically in Mark 5, that understands human dignity to represent an absolute characteristic that is donated graciously to all bearers of imago Dei...
February 2016: Linacre Quarterly
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