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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755059/pierre-bayle-and-the-secularization-of-conscience
#1
Michael W Hickson
I argue that Pierre Bayle was the first modern author to re-secularize the concept of moral conscience after it had been tied to Christian theology for centuries. Bayle's first moral writings espoused a traditional, theological conception of conscience which was unfit to support his theory of toleration. Over three decades of reflection, Bayle gradually rendered conscience completely independent of theology, and therefore made it suitable as a foundation of a theory of universal toleration. We witness in Bayle's moral writings not only the emergence of the modern, secular conscience, but also the process of secularization...
2018: Journal of the History of Ideas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29724107/mapping-the-interprofessional-education-landscape-for-students-on-rural-clinical-placements-an-integrative-literature-review
#2
Lorraine Walker, Merylin Cross, Tony Barnett
INTRODUCTION: Interprofessional collaboration and effective teamwork are core to optimising rural health outcomes; however, little is known about the opportunities available for interprofessional education (IPE) in rural clinical learning environments. This integrative literature review addresses this deficit by identifying, analysing and synthesising the research available about the nature of and potential for IPE provided to undergraduate students undertaking rural placements, the settings and disciplines involved and the outcomes achieved...
May 2018: Rural and Remote Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29701090/a-consensus-exercise-identifying-priorities-for-research-into-clinical-effectiveness-among-children-s-orthopaedic-surgeons-in-the-united-kingdom
#3
D C Perry, J G Wright, S Cooke, A Roposch, M S Gaston, N Nicolaou, T Theologis
Aims High-quality clinical research in children's orthopaedic surgery has lagged behind other surgical subspecialties. This study used a consensus-based approach to identify research priorities for clinical trials in children's orthopaedics. Methods A modified Delphi technique was used, which involved an initial scoping survey, a two-round Delphi process and an expert panel formed of members of the British Society of Children's Orthopaedic Surgery. The survey was conducted amongst orthopaedic surgeons treating children in the United Kingdom and Ireland...
May 1, 2018: Bone & Joint Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29687920/jewish-christian-and-muslim-theological-perspectives-about-xenotransplantation
#4
Wayne Paris, Rabbi Jerry H Seidler, Kevin FitzGerald, Aasim I Padela, Emanuele Cozzi, David K C Cooper
BACKGROUND: This paper is based on a theological symposium presented at the International Xenotransplantation Association's 14th Congress held in Baltimore, MD, September, 2017. METHODS: The information explores the Jewish, Christian and Muslim theological perceptions and perspectives about cross-species (ie pig-to-human) organ transplantation, the genetic alterations required in the organ-source pig, and their potential to influence individual acceptance of the procedure...
April 24, 2018: Xenotransplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664317/the-westminster-medical-college-and-hospital-in-urmia-iran-1879-1915
#5
Ahmadreza Afshar
The American Presbyterian Missionary in Iran accomplished medical activities in Urmia. Doctor Joseph Plumb Cochran established the first modern medical college (the Westminster College) in 1879 and built a modern hospital of that time (the Westminster Hospital). The medical college and hospital trained 34 native physicians that practiced in the northwest of Iran and its neighboring regions. Although the main aim of American Presbyterian Missionary was theological and evangelistic, their devoted activities improved health and welfare in the northwestern part of Iran and its neighboring countries...
December 30, 2017: Archives of Iranian Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29623796/mary-clark-moschella-caring-for-joy-narrative-theology-and-practice-moschella-mary-clark-caring-for-joy-narrative-theology-and-practice-boston-brill-2017-303-pp-66-00-isbn-9789004324992
#6
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29605176/preventing-mitochondrial-diseases-embryo-sparing-donor-independent-options
#7
REVIEW
Eli Y Adashi, I Glenn Cohen
Mutant mitochondrial DNA gives rise to a broad range of incurable inborn maladies. Prevention may now be possible by replacing the mutation-carrying mitochondria of zygotes or oocytes at risk with donated unaffected counterparts. However, mitochondrial replacement therapy is being held back by theological, ethical, and safety concerns over the loss of human zygotes and the involvement of a donor. These concerns make it plain that the identification, validation, and regulatory adjudication of novel embryo-sparing donor-independent technologies remains a pressing imperative...
March 28, 2018: Trends in Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29602091/developing-religiously-tailored-health-messages-for-behavioral-change-introducing-the-reframe-reprioritize-and-reform-3r-model
#8
Aasim I Padela, Sana Malik, Milkie Vu, Michael Quinn, Monica Peek
RATIONALE: As community health interventions advance from being faith-placed to authentically faith-based, greater discussion is needed about the theory, practice, and ethics of delivering health messages embedded within a religious worldview. While there is much potential to leverage religion to promote health behaviors and improve health outcomes, there is also a risk of co-opting religious teachings for strictly biomedical ends. OBJECTIVE: To describe the development, implementation, and ethical dimensions of a conceptual model for religiously-tailoring health messages...
March 21, 2018: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29566625/respect-an-integrative-review
#9
Carrie Rewakowski
Feeling respected is a universal human experience. The notion of respect is ubiquitous and discussed at varying levels of discourse. An integrative review of the literature on the phenomenon of respect is discussed. Literature was reviewed from the disciplines of philosophy, psychology, sociology, business, theology, and nursing. Three themes emerged from this literature review: respect honors inherent worth, respect intentionally co-shapes identity, and respect emerges with earned admiration.
April 2018: Nursing Science Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29561090/-chapter-5-diagnosis-on-the-embryo-and-the-foetus-its-consequences
#10
Israël Nisand
The status of the embryo has kept evolving in our minds since we have been able to see it, examine it in detail, determine its normality and competence and above all since we have been able to care for it in utero. The embryo and the fœtus have become patients. But not entirely like others. If they are too ill, we have the right to end their lives, active euthanasia, which is not possible in other branches of medicine. The legal status of the embryo and the fœtus, which is constantly evolving, cannot be confused with the essence of the embryo and the fœtus which is of a philosophical, even theological, nature, but certainly not legal...
March 7, 2018: Journal International de Bioéthique et D'éthique des Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29559088/william-james-nitrous-oxide-and-the-anaesthetic-revelation
#11
Jane S Moon, Catherine M Kuza, Manisha S Desai
William James greatly influenced the fields of psychology, philosophy, and religion during the late 19th and early 20th centuries. This was the era of Modernism, a time when many writers rejected the certainty of Enlightenment ideals. Positivism, which rose to prominence in the early 19th century, had emphasized physical phenomena, empirical evidence, and the scientific method. Darwin's On the Origin of Species (1859), with its theory of natural selection, provided an explanation for the evolution of species apart from a divine Creator...
January 2018: Journal of Anesthesia History
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29528127/-a-disease-of-our-time-the-catholic-church-s-condemnation-and-absolution-of-psychoanalysis-1924-1975
#12
Renato Foschi, Marco Innamorati, Ruggero Taradel
The present paper is focused on the evolution of the position of the Catholic Church toward psychoanalysis. Even before Freud's The Future of an Illusion (1927), psychoanalysis was criticized by Catholic theologians. Psychoanalysis was viewed with either contempt or with indifference, but nonpsychoanalytic psychotherapy was accepted, especially for pastoral use. Freudian theory remained for most Catholics a delicate and dangerous subject for a long time. From the center to the periphery of the Vatican, Catholic positions against psychoanalysis have varied in the way that theological stances have varied...
March 2018: Journal of the History of the Behavioral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29521176/what-was-it-like-to-suffer-from-obsessional-disorder-in-the-united-states-1840-1950
#13
Mackson Strayer
The time period from 1840 to 1950 was one of rapid, dramatic change in the experience of suffering from and receiving treatment for obsessional disorder in the United States. Several patient case histories are discussed in detail, including those of a theology professor's acquaintance (1844), a wealthy gentleman (1880), a hosiery shop proprietor (1938), and a former college student (1949). Although the focus here is on the patients' experience, many broader aspects of the history of obsessional disorder are also explored...
May 2018: Journal of Medical Biography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29504485/framing-the-mind-body-problem-in-contemporary-neuroscientific-and-sunni-islamic-theological-discourse
#14
Faisal Qazi, Don Fette, Syed S Jafri, Aasim I Padela
Famously posed by seventeenth-century French philosopher René Descartes, the mind-body problem remains unresolved in western philosophy and science, with both disciplines unable to move convincingly beyond the dualistic model. The persistence of dualism calls for a reframing of the problem through interdisciplinary modes of inquiry that include non-western points of view. One such perspective is Islamic theology of the soul, which, while approaching the problem from a distinct point of view, also adopts a position commensurate with (substance) dualism...
March 5, 2018: New Bioethics: a Multidisciplinary Journal of Biotechnology and the Body
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29500727/an-investigation-of-islamic-well-being-and-mental-health
#15
Ali Eryilmaz, Naci Kula
The overall aim of this study was to develop the Islamic Well-Being Scale and examine the relationship between mental health and Islamic well-being. In this study, four sub-studies were performed to create the one-factor Islamic Well-Being Scale, perform a confirmatory factor analysis and validate the Islamic Well-Being Scale, differentially predict ill-being and well-being outcomes using the Islamic Well-Being Scale, and compare individuals with different Islamic belief levels using the Islamic Well-Being Scale...
March 2, 2018: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456911/correlation-between-lumbopelvic-and-sagittal-parameters-and-health-related-quality-of-life-in-adults-with-lumbosacral-spondylolisthesis
#16
Yazeed Gussous, Alexander A Theologis, Joshua B Demb, Jennifer Tangtiphaiboontana, Sigurd Berven
Study Design: Secondary analysis of prospective, multicenter data. Objective: To evaluate impact of sagittal parameters on health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in adults with lumbosacral spondylolisthesis. Methods: Adults with unoperated lumbosacral spondylolisthesis were identified in the Spinal Deformity Study Group database. Pearson's correlations were calculated between SF-12 (Short Form-12)/Scoliosis Research Society-30 (SRS-30) scores and radiographic parameters (C7 sagittal vertical axis [SVA] deviation, T1 pelvic angle, pelvic tilt [PT], pelvic incidence, sacral slope, slip angle, Meyerding slip grade, Labelle classification)...
February 2018: Global Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29446661/stigma-and-spiritual-well-being-among-people-living-with-hiv-aids-in-southern-appalachia
#17
Sadie P Hutson, Caroline K Darlington, Joanne M Hall, R Eric Heidel, Susan Gaskins
The Appalachian South is disproportionately affected by HIV/AIDS. Partly due to the negative connotation that this disease carries in religiously conservative areas, HIV-related stigma remains a critical barrier to HIV care in the South. However, spirituality is a well-documented, effective coping mechanism among persons living with HIV/AIDS (PLWH). The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between HIV-related stigma and spiritual well-being among a sample of PLWH (n = 216) in Appalachian counties of Tennessee and Alabama using the HIV Stigma Scale and the Spiritual Well-being Scale...
February 15, 2018: Issues in Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29442218/revisiting-the-depleted-self
#18
Reggie Abraham
This article revisits Donald Capps's book The Depleted Self (The depleted self: sin in a narcissistic age. Fortress Press, Minneapolis, 1993), which grew out of his 1990 Schaff Lectures at Pittsburgh Theological Seminary. In these lectures Capps proposed that the theology of guilt had dominated much of post-Reformation discourse. But with the growing prevalence of the narcissistic personality in the late twentieth century, the theology of guilt no longer adequately expressed humanity's sense of "wrongness" before God...
April 2018: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29436435/an-overview-of-the-spiritual-importances-of-end-of-life-care-among-the-five-major-faiths-of-the-united-kingdom
#19
Mohsin Choudry, Aishah Latif, Katharine G Warburton
For many who pertain to particular theological paradigms, their faith cannot be compartmentalised, but is mobilised to inform all aspects of their being, most notably their ethical and moral persuasions. As clinicians, the concept that there are good and bad deaths is already known; understanding the origin and depth of non-physical suffering, and aiming to alleviate it is not possible without learning the individual experiences and beliefs that go with it. Spiritual care forms a fundamental consideration in the endeavor to address the holistic experience of those patients receiving palliative care...
February 2018: Clinical Medicine: Journal of the Royal College of Physicians of London
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29416207/contribution-of-arabic-medicine-and-pharmacy-to-the-development-of-health-care-protection-in-bosnia-and-herzegovina-the-second-part
#20
Izet Masic
After the collapse of the Arab rule, the Arab territorial expanses and cultural heritage were taken over by the Turks. Although scientific progress in the Turkish period slowed down due to numerous unfavorable political-economic and other circumstances. Thanks to the Turks, Arabic culture and useful Islamic principles expanded to the territory of our homeland of Bosnia and Herzegovina (B&H). Significant role in the transfer of Arabic pharmaceutical knowledge was also attributed to the Sephardic Jews who, with their arrival, continued to perform their attar activities, which were largely based on Arab achievements...
December 2017: Medical Archives
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