keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

added sugar

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430118/testing-the-capacity-of-a-multi-nutrient-profiling-system-to-guide-food-and-beverage-reformulation-results-from-five-national-food-composition-databases
#1
Emilie Combet, Antonis Vlassopoulos, Famke Mölenberg, Mathilde Gressier, Lisa Privet, Craig Wratten, Sahar Sharif, Florent Vieux, Undine Lehmann, Gabriel Masset
Nutrient profiling ranks foods based on their nutrient composition, with applications in multiple aspects of food policy. We tested the capacity of a category-specific model developed for product reformulation to improve the average nutrient content of foods, using five national food composition datasets (UK, US, China, Brazil, France). Products (n = 7183) were split into 35 categories based on the Nestlé Nutritional Profiling Systems (NNPS) and were then classified as NNPS 'Pass' if all nutrient targets were met (energy (E), total fat (TF), saturated fat (SFA), sodium (Na), added sugars (AS), protein, calcium)...
April 21, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429531/sugar-enrichment-provides-evidence-for-a-role-of-nitrogen-fixation-in-coral-bleaching
#2
Claudia Pogoreutz, Nils Rädecker, Anny Cárdenas, Astrid Gärdes, Christian R Voolstra, Christian Wild
The disruption of the coral-algae symbiosis (coral bleaching) due to rising sea surface temperatures has become an unprecedented global threat to coral reefs. Despite decades of research, our ability to manage mass bleaching events remains hampered by an incomplete mechanistic understanding of the processes involved. In this study, we induced a coral bleaching phenotype in the absence of heat and light stress by adding sugars. The sugar addition resulted in coral symbiotic breakdown accompanied by a fourfold increase of coral-associated microbial nitrogen fixation...
April 21, 2017: Global Change Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428808/reference-genes-for-normalization-of-qpcr-assays-in-sugarcane-plants-under-water-deficit
#3
Larissa Mara de Andrade, Michael Dos Santos Brito, Rafael Fávero Peixoto Junior, Paulo Eduardo Ribeiro Marchiori, Paula Macedo Nóbile, Alexandre Palma Boer Martins, Rafael Vasconcelos Ribeiro, Silvana Creste
BACKGROUND: Sugarcane (Saccharum spp.) is the main raw material for sugar and ethanol production. Among the abiotic stress, drought is the main one that negatively impact sugarcane yield. Although gene expression analysis through quantitative PCR (qPCR) has increased our knowledge about biological processes related to drought, gene network that mediates sugarcane responses to water deficit remains elusive. In such scenario, validation of reference gene is a major requirement for successful analyzes involving qPCR...
2017: Plant Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424192/sodium-sugar-and-fat-content-of-complementary-infant-and-toddler-foods-sold-in-the-united-states-2015
#4
Joyce Maalouf, Mary E Cogswell, Marlana Bates, Keming Yuan, Kelley S Scanlon, Pamela Pehrsson, Janelle P Gunn, Robert K Merritt
Background: As part of a healthy diet, limiting intakes of excess sodium, added sugars, saturated fat, and trans fat has been recommended. The American Heart Association recommends that children aged <2 y should avoid added sugars.Objective: We sought to determine commercial complementary infant-toddler food categories that were of potential concern because of the sodium, added sugar, saturated fat, or trans fat content.Design: Nutrition label information (e.g., serving size, sodium, saturated fat, trans fat) for 1032 infant and toddler foods was collected from manufacturers' websites and stores from May to July 2015 for 24 brands, which accounted for >95% of infant-toddler food sales...
April 19, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423943/high-value-added-lipids-produced-by-microorganisms-a-potential-use-of-sugarcane-vinasse
#5
Bruna Soares Fernandes, João Paulo Fernandes Vieira, Fabiano Jares Contesini, Paulo Eduardo Mantelatto, Marcelo Zaiat, José Geraldo da Cruz Pradella
This review aims to present an innovative concept of high value added lipids produced by heterotrophic microorganisms, bacteria and fungi, using carbon sources, such as sugars, acids and alcohols that could come from sugarcane vinasse, which is the main byproduct from ethanol production that is released in the distillation step. Vinasse is a rich carbon source and low-cost feedstock produced in large amounts from ethanol production. In 2019, the Brazilian Ministry of Agriculture, Livestock and Food Supply estimates that growth of ethanol domestic consumption will be 58...
April 20, 2017: Critical Reviews in Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422120/trends-of-increases-in-potential-risk-factors-and-prevalence-rates-of-diabetes-mellitus-in-thailand
#6
REVIEW
V Chavasit, W Kriengsinyos, J Photi, K Tontisirin
Over the past three decades, undernutrition in Thailand has drastically reduced by over seven times. However, since 1995 the number of patients afflicted with non-communicable diseases, such as diabetes mellitus, has rapidly increased, even among the young. Unhealthy life styles due to urbanization are a major reason for this increase. Less physical activity and low consumption of fruits and vegetables, as well as high consumption of added free sugar, are common. Every year, the Thai people increase their consumption of energy from fat and protein, while lowering their intake of energy from complex carbohydrates...
April 19, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421787/adherence-to-the-mediterranean-diet-pattern-cognitive-status-and-depressive-symptoms-in-an-elderly-non-institutionalized-population
#7
Ana Hernández-Galiot, Isabel Goñi
INTRODUCTION: Scientific evidence indicates that adherence to the Mediterranean diet protects against the deterioration of cognitive status and depressive symptoms during aging. However, few studies have been conducted in elderly non-institutionalized subjects. OBJECTIVE: This study evaluated the relation between the adherence to the Mediterranean dietary pattern and cognitive status and depressive symptoms in an elderly population over 75 years. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted in a Mediterranean city (Garrucha, Spain) in 79 elderly people over 75 (36 men and 41 women)...
March 30, 2017: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420091/dietary-sugars-and-endogenous-formation-of-advanced-glycation-endproducts-emerging-mechanisms-of-disease
#8
REVIEW
Manuela Aragno, Raffaella Mastrocola
The rapid increase in metabolic diseases, which occurred in the last three decades in both industrialized and developing countries, has been related to the rise in sugar-added foods and sweetened beverages consumption. An emerging topic in the pathogenesis of metabolic diseases related to modern nutrition is the role of Advanced Glycation Endproducts (AGEs). AGEs can be ingested with high temperature processed foods, but also endogenously formed as a consequence of a high dietary sugar intake. Animal models of high sugar consumption, in particular fructose, have reported AGE accumulation in different tissues in association with peripheral insulin resistance and lipid metabolism alterations...
April 14, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419110/cocoa-pulp-in-beer-production-applicability-and-fermentative-process-performance
#9
Cassiane da Silva Oliveira Nunes, Giovani Brandão Mafra de Carvalho, Marília Lordêlo Cardoso da Silva, Gervásio Paulo da Silva, Bruna Aparecida Souza Machado, Ana Paula Trovatti Uetanabaro
This work evaluated the effect of cocoa pulp as a malt adjunct on the parameters of fermentation for beer production on a pilot scale. For this purpose, yeast isolated from the spontaneous fermentation of cachaça (SC52), belonging to the strain bank of the State University of Feira de Santana-Ba (Brazil), and a commercial strain of ale yeast (Safale S-04 Belgium) were used. The beer produced was subjected to acceptance and purchase intention tests for sensorial analysis. At the beginning of fermentation, 30% cocoa pulp (adjunct) was added to the wort at 12°P concentration...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416868/a-synergistic-effect-of-cremophor-and-beta-glucosylceramide-to-exert-liver-and-sugar-protection
#10
Yehudit Shabat, Yaron Ilan
Many commonly used drugs carry the potential to induce hepatotoxicity, and a large number of foods and beverages induce an increase in blood sugar levels. A change in lifestyle by omitting these compounds is not applicable in many circumstances. β-Glucosylceramide (GC) is a naturally occurring glycosphingolipid that exerts an effect on the immune system. Cremophor EL (CrEL) is a synthetic, nonionic surfactant that is used as a vehicle for the administration of water-insoluble compounds. The aim of the present study was to determine the synergistic effect of oral administration of the combination of GC and CrEL (GCC) when added to potential toxic substrates or to sugar-enriched compounds...
April 2017: Journal of Food Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407943/effects-of-oligosaccharides-on-pasting-thermal-and-rheological-properties-of-sweet-potato-starch
#11
Da-Nian Zhou, Bao Zhang, Bo Chen, Han-Qing Chen
Effects of sucrose, raffinose and stachyose on pasting, thermal, and rheological properties of sweet potato starch (SPS) were investigated. The results indicated that pasting temperature of SPS increased with increasing sugar concentration in the order of stachyose>raffinose>sucrose. Addition of sugars significantly decreased the peak, trough, and final viscosities as well as setback value. The gelatinization temperatures of SPS-sugar mixtures markedly increased with increasing sugar concentration in the order of stachyose>raffinose=sucrose, gelatinization enthalpy also increased when sugar was added at high concentration compared with native starch...
September 1, 2017: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28405461/feed-additives-decrease-survival-of-delta-coronavirus-in-nursery-pig-diets
#12
Katie M Cottingim, Harsha Verma, Pedro E Urriola, Fernando Sampedro, Gerald C Shurson, Sagar M Goyal
BACKGROUND: Feed contaminated with feces from infected pigs is believed to be a potential route of transmission of porcine delta coronavirus (PDCoV). The objective of this study was to determine if the addition of commercial feed additives (e.i., acids, salt and sugar) to swine feed can be an effective strategy to inactive PDCoV. RESULTS: Six commercial feed acids (UltraAcid P, Activate DA, KEMGEST, Acid Booster, Luprosil, and Amasil), salt, and sugar were evaluated...
2017: Porcine Health Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28404833/evaluation-of-simulation-models-that-estimate-the-effect-of-dietary-strategies-on-nutritional-intake-a-systematic-review
#13
Jessica A Grieger, Brittany J Johnson, Thomas P Wycherley, Rebecca K Golley
Background: Dietary simulation modeling can predict dietary strategies that may improve nutritional or health outcomes.Objectives: The study aims were to undertake a systematic review of simulation studies that model dietary strategies aiming to improve nutritional intake, body weight, and related chronic disease, and to assess the methodologic and reporting quality of these models.Methods: The Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses guided the search strategy with studies located through electronic searches [Cochrane Library, Ovid (MEDLINE and Embase), EBSCOhost (CINAHL), and Scopus]...
April 12, 2017: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403789/metaflammation-tissue-specific-alterations-of-the-nlrp3-inflammasome-platform
#14
Raffaella Mastrocola, Manuela Aragno, Giuseppe Alloatti, Massimo Collino, Claudia Penna, Pasquale Pagliaro
In the last decades, the extension of life expectancy and the increased consumption of foods rich in saturated fats and added sugars have exposed the general population to emerging health problems. The prevalence of metabolic syndrome (MS), composed of a cluster of factors as obesity, dyslipidemia, hyperglycemia, and hypertension, is rapidly increasing in industrialized and developing countries leading to precocious onset of age-related diseases. Indeed, oxidative stress, accumulation of advanced glycation endproducts, and a chronic low-grade inflammation are common features of MS and physiological ageing...
April 7, 2017: Current Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403664/milk-options-observation-moo-a-mixed-methods-study-of-chocolate-milk-removal-on-beverage-consumption-and-student-staff-behaviors-in-a-rural-elementary-school
#15
Melinda M Davis, Margaret Spurlock, Katrina Ramsey, Jamie Smith, Beth Ann Beamer, Susan Aromaa, Paul B McGinnis
Providing flavored milk in school lunches is controversial, with conflicting evidence on its impact on nutritional intake versus added sugar consumption and excess weight gain. Nonindustry-sponsored studies using individual-level analyses are needed. Therefore, we conducted this mixed-methods study of flavored milk removal at a rural primary school between May and June 2012. We measured beverage selection/consumption pre- and post-chocolate milk removal and collected observation field notes. We used linear and logistic mixed models to assess beverage waste and identified themes in staff and student reactions...
January 1, 2017: Journal of School Nursing: the Official Publication of the National Association of School Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403157/effects-of-age-and-nutritional-state-on-the-expression-of-gustatory-receptors-in-the-honeybee-apis-mellifera
#16
Nicola K Simcock, Luisa A Wakeling, Dianne Ford, Geraldine A Wright
Gustatory receptors (Grs) expressed in insect taste neurons signal the presence of carbohydrates, sugar alcohols, CO2, bitter compounds and oviposition stimulants. The honeybee (Apis mellifera) has one of the smallest Gr gene sets (12 Gr genes) of any insect whose genome has been sequenced. Honeybees live in eusocial colonies with a division of labour and perform age-dependent behavioural tasks, primarily food collection. Here, we used RT-qPCR to quantify Gr mRNA in honeybees at two ages (newly-emerged and foraging-age adults) to examine the relationship between age-related physiology and expression of Gr genes...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28402888/influence-of-physical-effects-on-the-swarming-motility-of-pseudomonas-aeruginosa
#17
Alexander Yang, Wai Shing Tang, Tieyan Si, Jay X Tang
Many species of bacteria can spread over a moist surface via a particular form of collective motion known as "surface swarming". This form of motility is typically studied by inoculating bacteria on a gel formed by 0.4-1.5% agar, which contains essential nutrients for their growth and proliferation. Using Pseudomonas aeruginosa and its pili-less mutant, ΔPilA, we investigate physical factors that either facilitate or restrict the swarming motility, measured by the rate of increase in area covered by a spreading bacterial colony, i...
April 11, 2017: Biophysical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401111/added-sugar-in-the-packaged-foods-and-beverages-available-at-a-major-canadian-retailer-in-2015-a-descriptive-analysis
#18
Rachel B Acton, Lana Vanderlee, Erin P Hobin, David Hammond
BACKGROUND: Excess consumption of added sugars has been associated with a variety of health problems, but there is little information available characterizing added sugar in the Canadian food supply. This study examined the presence and types of added sugars in the packaged food and beverage products available at a major Canadian grocery retailer. METHODS: We searched the ingredients lists of over 40 000 packaged food products available for sale in March 2015 for a variety of added sugar terms...
January 2017: CMAJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397867/oxidative-stress-causes-hypertension-and-activation-of-nuclear-factor-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-after-high-fructose-and-salt-treatments
#19
Waleska C Dornas, Leonardo M Cardoso, Maísa Silva, Natália L S Machado, Deoclécio A Chianca-Jr, Andréia C Alzamora, Wanderson G Lima, Vincent Lagente, Marcelo E Silva
There is evidence that diets rich in salt or simple sugars as fructose are associated with abnormalities in blood pressure regulation. However, the mechanisms underlying pathogenesis of salt- and fructose-induced kidney damage and/or consequent hypertension yet remain largely unexplored. Here, we tested the role of oxidative state as an essential factor along with high salt and fructose treatment in causing hypertension. Fischer male rats were supplemented with a high-fructose diet (20% in water) for 20 weeks and maintained on high-salt diet (8%) associate in the last 10 weeks...
April 11, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397347/physicochemical-and-in-vitro-antioxidant-properties-of-pectin-extracted-from-hot-pepper-capsicum-annuum-l-var-acuminatum-fingern-residues-with-hydrochloric-and-sulphuric-acids
#20
Honggao Xu, Kedong Tai, Tong Wei, Fang Yuan, Yanxiang Gao
BACKGROUND: Transformation of hot pepper residues to value-added products with concomitant benefits on environmental pollution would be a great value to the capsicum oleoresin manufacturers. Pectin, a soluble dietary fiber with multiple functions, from hot pepper residues was investigated in this study. RESULTS: The extraction of hot pepper pectin was first optimized using response surface methodology (RSM). The most efficient parameters for the maximum hot pepper pectin yield (14...
April 11, 2017: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
keyword
keyword
25668
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"