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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820080/diet-quality-and-its-implications-on-the-cardio-metabolic-physical-and-general-health-of-older-men-the-concord-health-and-ageing-in-men-project-champ
#1
Rosilene V Ribeiro, Vasant Hirani, Alistair M Senior, Alison K Gosby, Robert G Cumming, Fiona M Blyth, Vasi Naganathan, Louise M Waite, David J Handelsman, Hal Kendig, Markus J Seibel, Stephen J Simpson, Fiona Stanaway, Margaret Allman-Farinelli, David G Le Couteur
The revised Dietary Guideline Index (DGI-2013) scores individuals' diets according to their compliance with the Australian Dietary Guideline (ADG). This cross-sectional study assesses the diet quality of 794 community-dwelling men aged 74 years and older, living in Sydney, Australia participating in the Concord Health and Ageing in Men Project; it also examines sociodemographic and lifestyle factors associated with DGI-2013 scores; it studies associations between DGI-2103 scores and the following measures: homoeostasis model assessment - insulin resistance, LDL-cholesterol, HDL-cholesterol, TAG, blood pressure, waist:hip ratio, BMI, number of co-morbidities and medications and frailty status while also accounting for the effect of ethnicity in these relationships...
July 2017: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818486/implementation-of-media-production-activities-in%C3%A2-an-intervention-designed-to-reduce-sugar-sweetened-beverage-intake-among-adults
#2
Kathleen J Porter, Yvonnes Chen, Hannah G Lane, Jamie M Zoellner
OBJECTIVE: To inform the implementation of media production activities with adult populations by describing the construction of counter-advertisements (counter-ads) within a behavioral intervention. METHODS: SIPsmartERparticipants could create 2 types of counter ads during the intervention's media literacy lesson. Participants (n = 40) were from rural southwestern Virginia. Most were female (85%) and white (93%), and 28% were low health literate. Descriptive statistics and Fisher exact tests were used to compare completion rates, content, techniques used, and persuasive intent with counter ad type and health literacy status...
August 14, 2017: Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815435/recent-trends-in-sustainable-textile-waste-recycling-methods-current-situation-and-future-prospects
#3
REVIEW
Nattha Pensupa, Shao-Yuan Leu, Yunzi Hu, Chenyu Du, Hao Liu, Houde Jing, Huaimin Wang, Carol Sze Ki Lin
In recent years, there have been increasing concerns in the disposal of textile waste around the globe. The growth of textile markets not only depends on population growth but also depends on economic and fashion cycles. The fast fashion cycle in the textile industry has led to a high level of consumption and waste generation. This can cause a negative environmental impact since the textile and clothing industry is one of the most polluting industries. Textile manufacturing is a chemical-intensive process and requires a high volume of water throughout its operations...
August 16, 2017: Topics in Current Chemistry (Journal)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814973/photoautotrophic-production-of-polyhydroxyalkanoates-in-a-synthetic-mixed-culture-of-synechococcus-elongatus-cscb-and-pseudomonas-putida-cscab
#4
Hannes Löwe, Karina Hobmeier, Manuel Moos, Andreas Kremling, Katharina Pflüger-Grau
BACKGROUND: One of the major challenges for the present and future generations is to find suitable substitutes for the fossil resources we rely on today. Cyanobacterial carbohydrates have been discussed as an emerging renewable feedstock in industrial biotechnology for the production of fuels and chemicals, showing promising production rates when compared to crop-based feedstock. However, intrinsic capacities of cyanobacteria to produce biotechnological compounds are limited and yields are low...
2017: Biotechnology for Biofuels
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813597/synthesis-of-4-azido-n-acetylhexosamine-uridine-diphosphate-donors-clickable-glycosaminoglycans
#5
Xing Zhang, Dixy E Green, Victor L Schultz, Lei Lin, Xiaorui Han, Ruitong Wang, Alexander Yaksic, So Young Kim, Paul L DeAngelis, Robert J Linhardt
Unnatural chemically modified, nucleotide sugars, UDP-4-N3-GlcNAc and UDP-4-N3-GalNAc were synthesized for the first time. These unnatural UDP-sugar products were then tested for incorporation into hyaluronan, heparosan or chondroitin using polysaccharide synthases. The UDP-4-N3-GlcNAc served as a chain termination substrate for hyaluronan or heparosan synthases; a single analog was added to the non-reducing end of the sugar chain and no subsequent elongation was detected. Compared to chemical method to introduce azido groups into polysaccharides, this enzymatic technique provided a "green" approach to access regioselectively azide-functionalized GAGs, which would bring better control of the final structure and composition of these macromolecules...
August 16, 2017: Journal of Organic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800848/cold-generation-of-smoke-flavour-by-the-first-phenolic-acid-decarboxylase-from-a-filamentous-ascomycete-isaria-farinosa
#6
Diana Linke, Stephanie J L Riemer, Silke Schimanski, Annabel Nieter, Ulrich Krings, Ralf G Berger
A decarboxylase (IfPAD) from the ascomycete Isaria farinosa converted ferulic acid to 4-vinylguaiacol (4-VG), a volatile which imparts the distinct "smoke flavor" of pyrolized wood. The activity was enhanced by adding (E)-ferulic acid to the culture medium and peaked with 3.6 U g(-1) mycelium (1 μmol 4-VG min(-1)). The coding sequence of 543 bp was translated into a 25 kDa protein with a homology of 91 % to putative phenolic acid decarboxylases of its teleomorph, Cordyceps militaris, and Beauveria bassiana, the anamorph of Cordyceps bassiana...
September 2017: Fungal Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796984/allergens-and-food-additives-including-potentially-harmful-ones-present-in-food-products-that-are-preferred-by-children-and-adolescents
#7
Sandra Budrewicz, Marcin Banaszczak, Jakub Piotrowski, Maja Czerwińska, Ewa Stachowska
INTRODUCTION: The proper development of a child is linked with proper nutrition, including nutritional habits which are formed from childhood. THE AIM OF THE STUDY: The aim of the study was to establish a list of the most popular food products among children and to develop a register of potentially dangerous substances on a Facebook website. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A website was created on Facebook. The participants provided lists of favorite dishes or products...
2017: Developmental Period Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794893/effect-of-dietary-sugar-beet-pulp-supplementation-on-growth-performance-nutrient-digestibility-fecal-microflora-blood-profiles-and-diarrhea-incidence-in-weaning-pigs
#8
C L Yan, H S Kim, J S Hong, J H Lee, Y G Han, Y H Jin, S W Son, S H Ha, Y Y Kim
BACKGROUND: In 2006, the European Union (EU) has decided to forbid use of antibiotics as growth promoters. Although many researches had been conducted about fiber source as alternatives of antibiotics, there are still lack of reports in the literature about the optimum level of sugar beet pulp supplementation, affecting growth performance and nutrient digestibility in weaning pigs. Therefore, different level of sugar beet pulp was added to diets to determine the effects of sugar beet pulp supplementation on growth performance, nutrient digestibility, fecal microflora, blood profile and incidence of diarrhea in weaning pigs...
2017: Journal of Animal Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794205/the-human-serum-metabolome-of-vitamin-b-12-deficiency-and-repletion-and-associations-with-neurological-function-in-elderly-adults
#9
Alex Brito, Dmitry Grapov, Johannes Fahrmann, Danielle Harvey, Ralph Green, Joshua W Miller, Sergey N Fedosov, Setareh Shahab-Ferdows, Daniela Hampel, Theresa L Pedersen, Oliver Fiehn, John W Newman, Ricardo Uauy, Lindsay H Allen
Background: The specific metabolomic perturbations that occur in vitamin B-12 deficiency, and their associations with neurological function, are not well characterized.Objective: We sought to characterize the human serum metabolome in subclinical vitamin B-12 deficiency and repletion.Methods: A before-and-after treatment study provided 1 injection of 10 mg vitamin B-12 (with 100 mg pyridoxine and 100 mg thiamin) to 27 community-dwelling elderly Chileans (∼74 y old) with vitamin B-12 deficiency, as evaluated with serum vitamin B-12, total plasma homocysteine (tHcy), methylmalonic acid (MMA), and holotranscobalamin...
August 9, 2017: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793996/ultra-processed-foods-in-human-health-a-critical-appraisal
#10
Michael J Gibney, Ciarán G Forde, Deirdre Mullally, Eileen R Gibney
The NOVA classification of foods proposes 4 categories: unprocessed or minimally processed foods, processed culinary ingredients, processed foods, and ultra-processed foods and drinks (UPFDs). It is argued that the latter relies heavily on modifications to foods, resulting in enhanced amounts of salt, added sugar, and fat as well as the use of additives in an attempt to make this food category highly palatable. It further argues that controlling food processing, rather than examining nutrients, should be foremost in shaping nutrition policy...
August 9, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28781203/dilute-sulfuric-acid-hydrolysis-of-red-macroalgae-eucheuma-denticulatum-with-microwave-assisted-heating-for-biochar-production-and-sugar-recovery
#11
Yong Yi Teh, Keat Teong Lee, Wei-Hsin Chen, Shih-Cheng Lin, Herng-Kuang Sheen, Inn Shi Tan
This study aims to produce biochar and sugars from a macroalga Eucheuma denticulatum using dilute sulfuric acid hydrolysis along with microwave-assisted heating. The reactions were operated at sulfuric acid concentrations of 0.1 and 0.2M, reaction temperatures of 150-170°C and a heating time of 10min. Compared to the raw macroalga, biochar qualities were improved with increased carbon content and lower ash and moisture contents. The calorific value of the biochar could be intensified up to 45%, and 39% of energy yield was recovered...
July 21, 2017: Bioresource Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780445/castasterone-and-citric-acid-treatment-restores-photosynthetic-attributes-in-brassica-juncea-l-under-cd-ii-toxicity
#12
Ravdeep Kaur, Poonam Yadav, Anket Sharma, Ashwani Kumar Thukral, Vinod Kumar, Sukhmeen Kaur Kohli, Renu Bhardwaj
Cadmium(II) toxicity is a serious environmental issue warranting effective measures for its mitigation. In the present study, ameliorative effects of a bioactive brassinosteroid, castasterone (CS) and low molecular weight organic acid, citric acid (CA) against the Cd(II) toxicity to Brassica juncea L. were evaluated. Seeds of B. juncea treated with CS (0, 0.01, 1 and 100nM) were sown in cadmium spiked soils (0 and 0.6mmolkg(-1) soil). CA (0.6mmolkg(-1)soil) was added to soil one week after sowing seeds. Plants were harvested 30 days after sowing...
August 3, 2017: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780102/the-effects-of-high-sugar-ryegrass-red-clover-silage-diets-on-intake-production-digestibility-and-n-utilization-in-dairy-cows-as-measured-in-vivo-and-predicted-by-the-norfor-model
#13
J Bertilsson, M Åkerlind, T Eriksson
Grass silage-based diets often result in poor nitrogen utilization when fed to dairy cows. Perennial ryegrass cultivars with high concentrations of water-soluble carbohydrates (WSC) have proven potential for correcting this imbalance when fed fresh, and have also been shown to increase feed intake, milk production, and N utilization. The possibility of achieving corresponding effects with silage-based diets was investigated in change-over experiments in an incomplete block design with 16 (yr 1) or 12 (yr 2) Swedish Red dairy cows in mid lactation...
August 2, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28775964/obesity-and-obesity-related-diseases-sugar-consumption-and-bad-oral-health-a-fatal-epidemic-mixtures-the-pediatric-and-odontologist-point-of-view
#14
Anna Pia Delli Bovi, Laura Di Michele, Giuliana Laino, Pietro Vajro
Obesity and dental caries are increasingly widespread pathologies. The former is growing so rapidly that the WHO classified its trend as an "epidemic". Both are triggered by a number of well known common etiologic factors sharing also the high added sugar amount since childhood. Because of its fermentation and pH lowering, dietary sugar allows the cariogenic bacteria to damage the tooth enamel provoking the carious lesions. WHO guidelines recommend reducing sugar intake to 10% of the total daily energy need, and highlight that there is evidence which suggests cuttingthis value down to 5% at least...
January 2017: Translational Medicine @ UniSa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28775179/health-and-economic-benefits-of-reducing-sugar-intake-in-the-usa-including-effects-via-non-alcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-a-microsimulation-model
#15
Rick A Vreman, Alex J Goodell, Luis A Rodriguez, Travis C Porco, Robert H Lustig, James G Kahn
OBJECTIVES: Excessive consumption of added sugars in the human diet has been associated with obesity, type 2 diabetes (T2D), coronary heart disease (CHD) and other elements of the metabolic syndrome. Recent studies have shown that non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is a critical pathway to metabolic syndrome. This model assesses the health and economic benefits of interventions aimed at reducing intake of added sugars. METHODS: Using data from US National Health Surveys and current literature, we simulated an open cohort, for the period 2015-2035...
August 3, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28772082/food-sources-of-sodium-saturated-fat-and-added-sugar-in-the-physical-activity-and-nutrition-for-diabetes-in-alberta-panda-trial
#16
Ghada Asaad, Catherine B Chan
Diabetic patients may find it difficult to achieve recommended nutrient intakes embedded within dietary guidelines. The objective of this analysis was to document total sodium, saturated fat and added sugar intake as well as the main food sources of these nutrients in Canadian adults with type 2 diabetes before and after an intervention focused on healthy eating. Participants were enrolled in a single-arm dietary intervention trial designed to improve glycemic control and adherence to dietary recommendations...
August 3, 2017: Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, Physiologie Appliquée, Nutrition et Métabolisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771348/chemical-analysis-of-fermentable-sugars-and-secondary-products-in-23-sweet-sorghum-cultivars
#17
Minori Uchimiya, Joseph E Knoll, William F Anderson, Karen R Harris-Shultz
Sorghum (Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench) is a heat- and drought-tolerant crop that has promise to supplement corn (Zea mays L.) for biofuel production from fermentable sugars (for sweet cultivars) and lignocellulosic biomass. Quantitative relationships are lacking to predict the accumulation of primary (stem sugars) and secondary (organic acids, phenolics, and inorganic species) products that could either expand (as the value-added product) or limit (as the fermentation inhibitor) the market value of a cultivar...
August 21, 2017: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28766321/flavored-milk-consumers-drank-more-milk-and-had-a-higher-prevalence-of-meeting-calcium-recommendation-than-nonconsumers
#18
Theresa A Nicklas, Carol O'Neil, Victor Fulgoni
BACKGROUND: Some schools are removing flavored milk because of the perception that it negatively impacts children's overall diet. This study assessed the contribution of flavored milk to their diets. METHODS: Individual usual intakes (IUI) were calculated from 24-hour dietary recalls of children 2-18 years (N = 20,329) participating in National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 2001-2012. IUI of >0.25 cup equivalent of flavored dairy milk defined consumers (N = 3564; 56% boys)...
September 2017: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761955/guidelines-to-limit-added-sugar-intake
#19
Cristin Kearns, Dean Schillinger
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 1, 2017: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761954/guidelines-to-limit-added-sugar-intake
#20
Melissa C Brouwers, Amir Qaseem, Karen Spithoff, Ivan D Florez
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 1, 2017: Annals of Internal Medicine
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