keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

added sugar

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339807/differential-effects-of-carbohydrates-on-arabidopsis-pollen-germination
#1
Jörg Hirsche, José M García Fernández, Edith Stabentheiner, Dominik K Großkinsky, Thomas Roitsch
Pollen germination as a crucial process in plant development strongly depends on the accessibility of carbon as energy source. Carbohydrates, however, function not only as a primary energy source, but also as important signaling components. In a comprehensive study, we analyzed various aspects of the impact of 32 different sugars on in vitro germination of Arabidopsis pollen comprising about 150 variations of individual sugars and combinations. Twenty-six structurally different mono-, di- and oligosaccharides, and sugar analogs were initially tested for their ability to support pollen germination...
February 10, 2017: Plant & Cell Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337856/contribution-of-snacks-to-dietary-intakes-of-young-children-in-the-united-states
#2
Lenka H Shriver, Barbara J Marriage, Tama D Bloch, Colleen K Spees, Samantha A Ramsay, Rosanna P Watowicz, Christopher A Taylor
Nutritional quality of children's diets is a public health priority in the fight against childhood obesity and chronic diseases. The main purpose of this study was to determine contribution of snacks to energy and nutrient intakes and to identify leading snack food sources of energy, total fat, and added sugars amongst young children in the United States. Using the 2005-2012 NHANES data, dietary intakes of 2- to 5-year-old children were analysed from a parent-reported 24-hour dietary recall (n = 3,429). Snacking occasions were aggregated to determine the proportion of total food/beverage intake obtained from snacks, estimate energy, and nutrient intakes, and identify the leading snack food sources of energy, added sugars, and total fat...
March 23, 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334024/opposite-effects-of-5-ht-akh-and-octopamine-on-the-crop-contractions-in-adult-drosophila-melanogaster-evidence-of-a-double-brain-gut-serotonergic-circuitry
#3
Paolo Solari, Nicholas Rivelli, Francescaelena De Rose, Lorenzo Picciau, Ludovico Murru, John G Stoffolano, Anna Liscia
This study showed that in adult Drosophila melanogaster, the type of sugar-either present within the crop lumen or in the bathing solution of the crop-had no effect on crop muscle contraction. What is important, however, is the volume within the crop lumen. Electrophysiological recordings demonstrated that exogenous applications of serotonin on crop muscles increases both the amplitude and the frequency of crop contraction rate, while adipokinetic hormone mainly enhances the crop contraction frequency. Conversely, octopamine virtually silenced the overall crop activity...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330728/a-cross-sectional-study-of-the-relationship-between-nutrition-label-use-and-food-selection-servings-and-consumption-in-a%C3%A2-university-dining-setting
#4
Mary J Christoph, Brenna Ellison
BACKGROUND: Nutrition labels at the point of purchase are recommended to improve food choice, yet food choice does not always translate into food consumption. It is important to understand the relationship between label use, food selection, servings, and consumption. Previous research, which has relied on self-reported intake or inferred label use or intake based on sales data, has not adequately answered this question. OBJECTIVE: To combine survey and meal photographic data to compare food selection, servings, and consumption between label users and nonusers...
March 16, 2017: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330707/structure-based-feeding-strategies-a-key-component-of-child-nutrition
#5
Maija B Taylor, Elizabeth Emley, Mercedes Pratt, Dara R Musher-Eizenman
OBJECTIVE: This study examined the relationship between structure, autonomy promotion, and control feeding strategies and parent-reported child diet. PARTICIPANTS: Participants (N = 497) were parents of children ages 2.5 to 7.5 recruited from Amazon Mechanical Turk. This sample was a Caucasian (79%), educated sample (61% college graduates) with most reports from mothers (76%). METHODS AND MEASURES: Online survey including measures of parent feeding strategies and child dietary intake...
March 19, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326776/exopolysaccharides-production-during-the-fermentation-of-soybean-and-fava-bean-flours-by-leuconostoc-mesenteroides-dsm-20343
#6
Yan Xu, Rossana Coda, Qiao Shi, Päivi Tuomainen, Kati Katina, Maija Tenkanen
Consumption of legumes is highly recommended due to their beneficial properties. Thus, there is a great interest in developing new legume-based products with good texture. In situ produced microbial exopolysaccharides (EPS) are regarded as efficient texture modifiers in the food industry. In this study, soybean and fava bean flours with different levels of added sucrose were fermented by Leuconostoc mesenteroides DSM 20343. After fermentation, a significant increase in viscosity was observed. Sugars, glucans, fructans, mannitol, lactic acid and acetic acid were quantified to follow the EPS and metabolite production...
March 22, 2017: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320597/racial-or-ethnic-and-socioeconomic-inequalities-in-adherence-to-national-dietary-guidance-in-a-large-cohort-of-us-pregnant-women
#7
Lisa M Bodnar, Hyagriv N Simhan, Corette B Parker, Heather Meier, Brian M Mercer, William A Grobman, David M Haas, Deborah A Wing, Matthew K Hoffman, Samuel Parry, Robert M Silver, George R Saade, Ronald Wapner, Jay D Iams, Pathik D Wadhwa, Michal Elovitz, Alan M Peaceman, Sean Esplin, Shannon Barnes, Uma M Reddy
BACKGROUND: The significance of periconceptional nutrition for optimizing offspring and maternal health and reducing social inequalities warrants greater understanding of diet quality among US women. OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to evaluate racial or ethnic and education inequalities in periconceptional diet quality and sources of energy and micronutrients. DESIGN: Cross-sectional analysis of data from the Nulliparous Pregnancy Outcomes Study: Monitoring Mothers-to-Be cohort...
March 14, 2017: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315780/simplifying-mental-math-changing-how-added-sugars-are-displayed-on-the-nutrition-facts-label-can-improve-consumer-understanding
#8
Neha Khandpur, Dan J Graham, Christina A Roberto
BACKGROUND: Proposed variations to Nutrition Facts Labels (NFL) have included the display of added sugars (AS) content, but its impact on consumer understanding is poorly understood. OBJECTIVE: To examine the degree to which different formats for displaying AS influence consumer understanding, perceptions, and purchase intentions. DESIGN: Randomized-controlled online experiment. PARTICIPANTS: A sample of 2509 U.S adults...
March 16, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315700/exploiting-the-aglycon-promiscuity-of-glycosyltransferase-bs-yjic-from-bacillus-subtilis-and-its-application-in-synthesis-of-glycosides
#9
Longhai Dai, Jiao Li, Peiyuan Yao, Yueming Zhu, Yan Men, Yan Zeng, Jiangang Yang, Yuanxia Sun
Glycosylation is a prominent biological mechanism for structural and functional diversity of natural products. Uridine diphosphate-dependent glycosyltransferases with aglycon promiscuity are generally recognised as effective biocatalysts for glycodiversification of natural products for practical applications. In this study, the aglycon promiscuity of glycosyltransferase Bs-YjiC from Bacillus subtilis 168 was explored. Bs-YjiC, with uridine diphosphate glucose (UDPG) as sugar donor, exhibited robust capabilities to glycosylate 19 structurally diverse types of drug-like scaffolds with regio- and stereospecificities and form O-, N- and S-linkage glycosides...
March 15, 2017: Journal of Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28304103/utilization-of-potato-peels-and-sugar-beet-pulp-with-and-without-enzyme-supplementation-in-broiler-chicken-diets-effects-on-performance-serum-biochemical-indices-and-carcass-traits
#10
H M Abdel-Hafeez, E S E Saleh, S S Tawfeek, I M I Youssef, A S A Abdel-Daim
This study was conducted to investigate the effects of including potato peels (PP) and sugar beet pulp (SBP), as unconventional feeds, with and without enzyme in broiler diets from 1 to 42 days of age by observing the growth performance, blood parameters and carcass characteristics. A total of 150, 1-day old, chicks were randomly assigned into five groups, each with 30 chicks. Birds in group 1 were fed on the control diet. Chicks in groups 2 and 3 were offered diets containing PP and SBP at the rate of 15% and 7...
March 17, 2017: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303700/evaluation-of-dairy-products-available-on-the-polish-market-in-the-context-of-nutrient-profiles-clear-arguments-for-reformulation-of-foodstuffs
#11
Regina Wierzejska, Magdalena Siuba-Strzelińska, Mirosław Jarosz
Background: Dairy products, which are one of the main groups of products in the diet, are expected to have high nutritional value. The development of food technology often involves changing the nutritional parameters of foodstuffs. Objective: The aim of this study was to determine the nutritional value of dairy products, in the context of nutrient profiles. Material and Methods: The tested products included yoghurts, yoghurt drinks, kefir, cream cheeses and milk desserts available on the Polish market, basing on the information from unit product packaging...
2017: Roczniki Państwowego Zakładu Higieny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299315/rna-based-stable-isotope-probing-suggests-allobaculum-spp-as-particularly-active-glucose-assimilators-in-a-complex-murine-microbiota-cultured-in-vitro
#12
Elena Herrmann, Wayne Young, Douglas Rosendale, Verena Reichert-Grimm, Christian U Riedel, Ralf Conrad, Markus Egert
RNA-based stable isotope probing (RNA-SIP) and metabolic profiling were used to detect actively glucose-consuming bacteria in a complex microbial community obtained from a murine model system. A faeces-derived microbiota was incubated under anaerobic conditions for 0, 2, and 4 h with 40 mM [U(13)C]glucose. Isopycnic density gradient ultracentrifugation and fractionation of isolated RNA into labeled and unlabeled fractions followed by 16S rRNA sequencing showed a quick adaptation of the bacterial community in response to the added sugar, which was dominated by unclassified Lachnospiraceae species...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295383/recovery-of-pectic-hydrocolloids-and-phenolics-from-huanglongbing-related-dropped-citrus-fruit
#13
Randall G Cameron, Hoa K Chau, Arland T Hotchkiss, John A Manthey
BACKGROUND: Citrus preharvest fruit drop, caused by Huanglongbing infection, has increased dramatically concomitant with declining tree health and crop harvest size. This loss of harvestable fruit is damaging to both growers and juice processors. Recovering and converting this fruit to alternative value added products would benefit the citrus industry. Therefore, we have explored the potential for using this fruit as a feedstock in our newly developed pilot scale continuous steam explosion process...
March 12, 2017: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293291/a-mild-thermomechanical-process-for-the-enzymatic-conversion-of-radiata-pine-into-fermentable-sugars-and-lignin
#14
Ian D Suckling, Michael W Jack, John A Lloyd, Karl D Murton, Roger H Newman, Trevor R Stuthridge, Kirk M Torr, Alankar A Vaidya
BACKGROUND: Conversion of softwoods into sustainable fuels and chemicals is important for parts of the world where softwoods are the dominant forest species. While they have high theoretical sugar yields, softwoods are amongst the most recalcitrant feedstocks for enzymatic processes, typically requiring both more severe pretreatment conditions and higher enzyme doses than needed for other lignocellulosic feedstocks. Although a number of processes have been proposed for converting softwoods into sugars suitable for fuel and chemical production, there is still a need for a high-yielding, industrially scalable and cost-effective conversion route...
2017: Biotechnology for Biofuels
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290654/new-ulvan-degrading-polysaccharide-lyase-family-structure-and-catalytic-mechanism-suggests-convergent-evolution-of-active-site-architecture
#15
ThirumalaiSelvi Ulaganathan, Michal T Boniecki, Elizabeth Foran, Vitaliy Buravenkov, Naama Mizrachi, Ehud Banin, William Helbert, Miroslaw Cygler
Ulvan is a complex sulfated polysaccharide biosynthesized by green seaweed and contains predominantly rhamnose, xylose, and uronic acid sugars. Ulvan-degrading enzymes have only recently been identified and added to the CAZy ( www.cazy.org ) database as family PL24, but neither their structure nor catalytic mechanism(s) are yet known. Several homologous, new ulvan lyases, have been discovered in Pseudoalteromonas sp. strain PLSV, Alteromonas LOR, and Nonlabens ulvanivorans, defining a new family PL25, with the lyase encoded by the gene PLSV_3936 being one of them...
March 23, 2017: ACS Chemical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288881/cassava-sugar-palm-fiber-reinforced-cassava-starch-hybrid-composites-physical-thermal-and-structural-properties
#16
Ahmed Edhirej, S M Sapuan, Mohammad Jawaid, Nur Ismarrubie Zahari
A hybrid composite was prepared from cassava bagasse (CB) and sugar palm fiber (SPF) using casting technique with cassava starch (CS) as matrix and fructose as a plasticizer. Different loadings of SPF (2, 4, 6 and 8% w/w of dry starch) were added to the CS/CB composite film containing 6% CB. The addition of SPF significantly influenced the physical properties. It increased the thickness while decreasing the density, water content, water solubility and water absorption. However, no significant effect was noticed on the thermal properties of the hybrid composite film...
March 10, 2017: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288801/perceived-impact-of-nepalese-food-and-food-culture-in-diabetes
#17
Sujata Sapkota, Jo-Anne E Brien, Josephine Gwynn, Victoria Flood, Parisa Aslani
Consuming a healthy diet forms an important component of diabetes management; however, adhering to a healthy diet is challenging. Dietary behaviour is often guided by socio-cultural, environmental and emotional factors, and not necessarily by physical and nutritional needs. This study explored Nepalese patients' perceptions of the impact of diet, diet management requirement for diabetes and how Nepalese food culture in particular influenced diet management. Interviews were conducted with Nepalese participants with type 2 diabetes in Sydney and Kathmandu; and data was thematically analysed...
March 10, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283291/trial-of-solar-heating-methods-solarization-and-biosolarization-to-reduce-persistence-of-neonicotinoid-and-diamide-insecticides-in-a-semiarid-mediterranean-soil
#18
Nuria Vela, José Fenoll, Ginés Navarro, Isabel Garrido, Simón Navarro
This paper reports the use of solar heating techniques, solarization (S) and biosolarization (BS) as a strategy for the environmental restoration of soils containing neonicotinoid, acetamiprid (AC), imidacloprid (IM) and thiamethoxam (TH), and diamide, chlorantraniliprole (CL) and flubendiamide (FB) insecticide residues. For this, a semiarid Mediterranean soil (Haplic calcisol) was covered with low-density polyethylene (LDPE) during the hot season, to raise the maximal soil temperatures. Compost from sheep manure (CSM), meat-processing waste (MPW) and sugar beet vinasse (SBV) were used as organic wastes...
March 7, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28281179/dietary-patterns-among-overweight-and-obese-african-american-women-living-in-the-rural-south
#19
Samara Sterling, Suzanne Judd, Brenda Bertrand, Tiffany L Carson, Paula Chandler-Laney, Monica L Baskin
INTRODUCTION: Obesity and chronic diseases disproportionately affect African-American women in the rural South (US) and may be influenced by adherence to a typical Southern-style diet. There is a need to examine dietary patterns of this population and to determine if consumption of nutritionally rich foods like nuts is associated with consumption of other nutritious foods. The objectives of this study were to identify (1) dietary patterns of overweight/obese African-American women in the rural South; (2) the role that nuts play in the diet; (3) and adherence to federal food group recommendations across dietary patterns...
March 9, 2017: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28275129/declining-consumption-of-added-sugars-and-sugar-sweetened-beverages-in-australia-a-challenge-for-obesity-prevention
#20
Jennie C Brand-Miller, Alan W Barclay
Background: Reduced intakes of added sugars and sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) have been the main focus of efforts to stall obesity. Although obesity has risen steeply in Australia, some evidence suggests that added-sugars and SSB intakes have declined over the same time frame.Objective: We investigated recent trends in the availability of sugars and sweeteners and changes in intakes of total sugars, added sugars, and SSBs in Australia by using multiple, independent data sources.Design: The study was designed to compare relevant data published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations [FAO Statistics Division Database (FAOSTAT)], the Australian government, academia, and the food industry...
March 8, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
keyword
keyword
25668
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"