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added sugar

Saroj Kumar Giri, Manoj Kumar Tripathi, Nachiket Kotwaliwale
Probiotic soy-cheese spread was prepared by fermenting soymilk with specific probiotic starter culture, and there after processing the coagulated mass. Soy cheese spread samples had more than 109  cfu/g of viable probiotic count at the time of preparation; and had around 17.6% protein, 25.3% fat and 19.8% total soluble sugar. Compared to commercially available dairy cheese spread, probiotic soy cheese spread had significantly higher protein and anti-oxidant activity. Soy cheese spreads, prepared from pure soymilk as well as by mixing with dairy milk, were studied with respect to the differences in their rheological behavior during storage at refrigerated conditions...
May 2018: Journal of Food Science and Technology
Nicholas Bodenberger, Dennis Kubiczek, Daniel Halbgebauer, Vittoria Rimola, Sebastian Wiese, Daniel Mayer, Armando Alexei Rodr Iacute Guez Alfonso, Ludger Ständker, Steffen Stenger, Frank Rosenau
Infections with multi-resistant pathogens are a leading cause for mortality worldwide. Just recently, the world health organization (WHO) increased the threat rating for multi-resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa to the highest possible level. With this background it is crucial to develop novel materials and procedures in the fight against multi-resistant pathogens. In this study we present a novel antimicrobial material, which could find applications as a wound dressing or antimicrobial coating. Lectins are multivalent sugar-binding proteins, which can be found in a variety of plants and bacteria, where they are associated with biofilm formation...
April 17, 2018: Biomacromolecules
David J Mela, Elizabeth M Woolner
There is consistent public guidance to limit sugars intakes. However, WHO recommendations are for "free" sugars, whereas some other guidance documents and public discussion focus on "added" sugars, and globally most food labeling states "total" sugars. Total sugars comprise all mono- and disaccharides, regardless of source, whereas both added and free sugars exclude the sugars that naturally occur in dairy products and intact fruit and vegetables. Definitions of added and free sugars differ mainly in their respective exclusion or inclusion of sugars in juiced or pureed fruit and vegetables...
March 1, 2018: Advances in Nutrition
Alida Musatti, Chiara Mapelli, Manuela Rollini, Roberto Foschino, Claudia Picozzi
Baker’s yeast intolerance is rising among Western populations, where Saccharomyces cerevisiae is spread in fermented food and food components. Zymomonas mobilis is a bacterium commonly used in tropical areas to produce alcoholic beverages, and it has only rarely been considered for dough leavening probably because it only ferments glucose, fructose and sucrose, which are scarcely present in flour. However, through alcoholic fermentation, similarly to S. cerevisiae , it provides an equimolar mixture of ethanol and CO₂ that can rise a dough...
April 16, 2018: Foods (Basel, Switzerland)
S Vega-López, N M Lindberg, G J Eckert, E L Nicholson, G Maupomé
OBJECTIVE: Determine the association between key dental outcomes and added sugar intake using a survey instrument to assess added sugars, which was specifically tailored to immigrant and US-born adults of Mexican origin. METHODS: Hispanic adults of Mexican origin (n = 326; 36.2 ± 12.1 years) completed a self-administered survey to gather acculturation, self-reported dental experiences and self-care practices (eg brushing, flossing, pain, bleeding gums), and socio-demographic information...
April 16, 2018: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
Stephan Lane, Jia Dong, Yong-Su Jin
The substantial research efforts into lignocellulosic biofuels have generated an abundance of valuable knowledge and technologies for metabolic engineering. In particular, these investments have led to a vast growth in proficiency of engineering the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae for consuming lignocellulosic sugars, enabling the simultaneous assimilation of multiple carbon sources, and producing a large variety of value-added products by introduction of heterologous metabolic pathways. While microbial conversion of cellulosic sugars into large-volume low-value biofuels is not currently economically feasible, there may still be opportunities to produce other value-added chemicals as regulation of cellulosic sugar metabolism is quite different from glucose metabolism...
April 7, 2018: Bioresource Technology
Alessandra S Oliveira, Cristiano A Ballus, Cristiano R Menezes, Roger Wagner, José Neri G Paniz, Bruna Tischer, Adilson B Costa, Juliano S Barin
An innovative use of thermal infrared enthalpimetry (TIE) is proposed for the determination of alcoholic content of red and white wines. Notwithstanding the presence of ethanol in beverages, absolute ethanol was added directly to wines, and the temperature rise caused by the heat of dilution was monitored using an infrared camera. Analytical signals were obtained in only 10 s for four samples simultaneously, and a calibration curve was constructed with hydroalcoholic reference solutions. A linear calibration curve was obtained from 3...
August 30, 2018: Food Chemistry
Daniel R Taber, Akilah Dulin-Keita, Megan Fallon, Frank J Chaloupka, Tatiana Andreyeva, Marlene B Schwartz, Jennifer L Harris
The Society of Behavioral Medicine (SBM) encourages stakeholders to implement a sugar sweetened beverage excise tax. Sugar sweetened beverages are the largest source of added sugars in the USA and have detrimental effects on population health by increasing risks for chronic diseases. Based on existing research evidence, SBM supports an excise tax equivalent to at least 20% to meaningfully affect consumption patterns. As evidenced by research studies in Mexico and the USA, sugar sweetened beverage taxes can have positive impacts on population health and can raise significant tax revenue...
April 10, 2018: Translational Behavioral Medicine
Alexandra Moschona, Maria Liakopoulou-Kyriakides
Grapes (Vitis vinifera) are produced in large amounts worldwide and mostly are used for winemaking. Their untreated wastes are rich in valuable secondary metabolites, such as phenolics. Thus, in this study, white and red wine wastes ("Malagouzia" and "Syrah" variety) were investigated for their added value phenolics, which were analyzed by HPLC-ESI/MS and subsequently encapsulated in several polymers. Extracts from all wastes gave high amounts of total phenolics (13±2.72-22±2.69 mg g-1 ) and possessed high antioxidant activity (67-97%)...
April 12, 2018: Journal of Microencapsulation
Weili Gong, Lin Dai, Huaiqiang Zhang, Lili Zhang, Lushan Wang
Xylan constituted with β-1,4-D-xylose linked backbone and diverse substituted side-chains is the most abundant hemicellulose component of biomass, which can be completely and rapidly degraded into fermentable sugars by Aspergillus niger . This is of great value for obtaining renewable biofuels and biochemicals. To clarify the underlying mechanisms associated with highly efficient xylan degradation, assimilation, and metabolism by A. niger , we utilized functional proteomics to analyze the secreted proteins, sugar transporters, and intracellular proteins of A...
2018: Frontiers in Microbiology
Vishal Bansal, Deval Kumar, Apoorva Mowar, Avi Bansal
Introduction: The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy, safety and clinical acceptability of the local anaesthetic agent ropivacaine 0.75 % in comparison with lignocaine 2 % with adrenaline 1:200,000 in minor oral surgical procedures. Methods: Forty-seven patients, who required bilateral extractions in a single arch, were included in this study. One hundred and sixty-six extractions were performed and all the patients were administered nerve blocks/infiltration...
June 2018: Journal of Maxillofacial and Oral Surgery
Madhavi Mantha, John R Urban, William A Mark, Anatoly Chernyshev, Kevin M Kubachka
In the last several years, economically motivated adulteration (EMA) of foods including honey has received increased attention. The addition of inexpensive sweeteners such as high fructose corn syrup or cane sugar to honey is still encountered despite scientific methods that can routinely detect this type of adulteration. The standard method for detection of these adulterants utilizes isotope ratio mass spectrometry (IRMS); however, this technique requires an elevated degree of technical knowledge for operation as well as a high cost for purchase and maintenance...
April 4, 2018: Journal of AOAC International
Jui-Yee Eng, Foong-Ming Moy, Awang Bulgiba, Sanjay Rampal
BACKGROUND: Dietary pattern analysis is a complementary method to nutrient analysis in evaluating overall diet-disease hypotheses. Although studies have been conducted to derive dietary patterns among Malaysians, their consistency across subgroups has not been examined. OBJECTIVE: The study aimed to derive dietary patterns empirically and to examine the consistency and generalizability of patterns across sex, ethnicity, and urban status in a working population. DESIGN: This was a cross-sectional study using data from the Clustering of Lifestyle Risk Factors and Understanding its Association with Stress on Health and Well-Being among School Teachers in Malaysia study collected between August 2014 and November 2015...
March 31, 2018: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
Alyssa J Bakke, Cody A Stubbs, Elliott H McDowell, Kameron J Moding, Susan L Johnson, John E Hayes
Only a quarter of adults and 7% of children consume recommended amounts of vegetables each day. Often vegetables are not initially palatable due to bitterness, which may lead children and adults to refuse to taste or eat them. The objective of this research was to determine if very small amounts of sugar or salt (common household ingredients) could lead to significant reductions in bitterness intensity and increased hedonic ratings of green vegetable purees. For Experiment 1, three different green vegetable purees (broccoli, spinach, and kale) were prepared with different levels of sugar (0%, 0...
March 29, 2018: Appetite
HongLing Liu, ShaoJie Yang, Qiang Liu, Ruiming Wang, Tengfei Wang
The process for production of trehalose using trehalose synthase (TreS) to convert maltose into trehalose in one step is highly desirable in the industry. Nonetheless, the studies on industrial-scale production of trehalose by recombinant TreS in Escherichia coli are still scarce. In this study, a TreS from Pseudomonas putida ATCC47054 was expressed in E. coli BL21(DE3) via plasmids pET15b and pET22b. pET15b-treS showed better plasmid stability and TreS expression, which revealed that the highest activity, 39866±1420U/(g dry cell weight) at the final lactose concentration of 4g/L for 7h at 27°C in a 5-L fermentor at pH 8...
June 2018: Enzyme and Microbial Technology
Estefânia Fernandes Garcia, Amanda de Oliveira Araújo, Winnie Alencar Luciano, Thatyane Mariano Rodrigues de Albuquerque, Narciza Maria de Oliveira Arcanjo, Marta Suely Madruga, Marcos Dos Santos Lima, Marciane Magnani, Maria Saarela, Evandro Leite de Souza
BACKGROUND: This study assessed the survival of the fruit-derived and freeze-dried L. plantarum 49, L. brevis 59, L. paracasei 108, L. fermentum 111 and L. pentosus 129 strains during frozen storage and when incorporated into apple, orange and grape juice stored under refrigeration. Physicochemical parameters of juices containing the freeze-dried Lactobacillus strains and the survival of the test strains in the fruit juices during in vitro digestion were also evaluated. RESULTS: No decreases in survival rates (log N/log N0) of the freeze-dried cells were observed up to 1 month of storage...
March 30, 2018: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
Tzu-Yun Chien, Yi-Wen Chien, Jung-Su Chang, Yi Chun Chen
A higher sugar intake in infancy might result in a predisposition to a higher sugar intake in later childhood. In Taiwan, many commercial infant and toddler foods with nutrition claims have high sugar content. This study explored the influence of mothers' knowledge and attitudes on their purchase intention for infant food with nutrition claims. This study was a cross-sectional survey. An online survey was distributed to 940 mothers who had a child aged between 4 months and 3 years; 40% of mothers tend to misunderstand that "no added sugar" (NAS) indicates no sugar or less sugar content and, thus, that NAS infant cereal is healthy...
March 30, 2018: Nutrients
Heena Prakash, Prakram Singh Chauhan, Thiyam General, A K Sharma
Conversion of agro-industrial wastes to energy is an innovative approach for waste valorization and management which also mitigates environmental pollution. In this view, present study investigated the feasibility of producing bioethanol from banana peels using cocktail of depolymerizing enzyme/s. We isolated Geobacillus stearothermophilus HPA19 from natural resource which produces cocktail of thermo-alkali-stable xylano-pectino-cellulolytic enzyme/s using wheat bran within 24 h. The optimal temperature and pH for xylanase, filter paper cellulase and pectinase were 80, 70 and 80 °C, and 9...
March 29, 2018: Bioprocess and Biosystems Engineering
Ying Lin Pei, Ting Chun Chen, Fang Yu Lin, Jia Yau Doong, Wen Lee Chen, Sumiko Kamoshita, Indri Kartiko Sari, Hitomi Takeichi, Shigeru Yamamoto
Tapioca milk tea, the most popular beverage in Taiwan, is consumed a lot by Taiwanese which contributed to their daily sugar intake. Our study purpose is to investigate whether limiting intake of tapioca milk tea is useful for the control of sugar intake in Taiwanese. The study was conducted in questionnaires selected 38 subjects, 20-24 y, from 341 university students in Kaohsiung City, Taiwan. Subjects were match-paired by sex, age, department, and randomly divided into two groups for cross-over design in which each group had 1 week with or without tapioca milk tea...
2018: Journal of Medical Investigation: JMI
Ann M Collins, Jacob A Klerman, Ronette Briefel, Gretchen Rowe, Anne R Gordon, Christopher W Logan, Anne Wolf, Stephen H Bell
BACKGROUND: Federal summer meals programs serve less than one-sixth of children that receive free or reduced-price meals during the school year. To address this gap in food assistance for school-aged children, the Summer Electronic Benefits Transfer for Children (SEBTC) Demonstrations provided summer food assistance in the form of electronic benefits transfer cards to households with school-aged children certified for free or reduced-price meals during the school year. METHODS: Over 2011-2013, the SEBTC demonstrations were evaluated by using a random assignment design...
March 28, 2018: Pediatrics
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