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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633872/frozen-yogurt-and-ice-cream-were-less-healthy-than-yogurt-and-adding-toppings-reduced-their-nutrition-value-evidence-from-1999-2014-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey
#1
Ruopeng An, Ning Jiang
It was hypothesized that frozen yogurt and ice cream would be less healthy than yogurt. We examined daily energy and nutrient intake from yogurt, frozen yogurt, and ice cream among US adults. In-person 24-hour dietary recall data (n=6453) came from the 1999-2014 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. Regression analyses were performed to examine the differences in energy/nutrient intake from frozen yogurt and ice cream (with/without toppings) in comparison to yogurt. Approximately 5.3%, 0.9%, and 14...
June 2017: Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627711/fermentation-strategy-for-second-generation-ethanol-production-from-sugarcane-bagasse-hydrolyzate-by-spathaspora-passalidarum-and-scheffersomyces-stipitis
#2
S C Nakanishi, L B Soares, L E Biazi, V M Nascimento, A C Costa, G J M Rocha, J L Ienczak
Alcoholic fermentation of released sugars in pretreatment and enzymatic hydrolysis of biomass is a central feature for second generation ethanol (E2G) production. Saccharomyces cerevisiae used industrially in the production of first generation ethanol (E1G) convert sucrose, fructose and glucose into ethanol. However, these yeasts have no ability to ferment pentose (xylose). Therefore, the present work has focused on E2G production by Scheffersomyces stipitis and Spathaspora passalidarum. The fermentation strategy with high pitch, cell recycle, fed-batch mode and temperature decrease for each batch were performed in a hydrolyzate obtained from a pretreatment at 130 °C with NaOH solution (1...
June 19, 2017: Biotechnology and Bioengineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625223/ultra-processed-foods-and-added-sugars-in-the-chilean-diet-2010
#3
Gustavo Cediel, Marcela Reyes, Maria Laura da Costa Louzada, Euridice Martinez Steele, Carlos A Monteiro, Camila Corvalán, Ricardo Uauy
OBJECTIVE: To assess the consumption of ultra-processed foods and analyse its association with the content of added sugars in the Chilean diet. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study of national dietary data obtained through 24 h recalls and classified into food groups according to the extent and purpose of food processing (NOVA classification). SETTING: Chile. SUBJECTS: A probabilistic sample of 4920 individuals (aged 2 years or above) studied in 2010 by a national dietary survey (Encuesta Nacional de Consumo Alimentario)...
June 19, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620628/reduction-of-sugar-sweetened-beverage-consumption-in-elementary-school-students-using-an-educational-curriculum-of-beverage-sugar-content
#4
Jason Rauba, Ammar Tahir, Brett Milford, Ashley Toll, Valerie Benedict, Chi Wang, Lynn Chehab, Timothy Sanborn
Introduction: Given the known association between sugar-sweetened beverage (SSB) intake and poorer health, we instituted an educational curriculum to reduce student consumption of SSBs. Methods: The program included third- to fifth-grade students. A simple demonstration using teaspoons of sugar or small candies showed students the quantity of added sugar in common beverages. This amount of sugar was compared to the daily limit recommended by the American Heart Association. Key principles were reinforced over a 4-month period...
2017: Global Pediatric Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620482/naturally-occurring-and-added-sugar-in-relation-to-macronutrient-intake-and-food-consumption-results-from-a-population-based-study-in-adults
#5
Niina E Kaartinen, Minna E Similä, Noora Kanerva, Liisa M Valsta, Kennet Harald, Satu Männistö
Associations between sugar intake and the remaining diet are poorly described in modern food environments. We aimed at exploring associations of high naturally occurring and added sugar intakes with sociodemographic characteristics, intake of macronutrients, fibre and selected food groups. Our data comprised 4842 Finnish adults aged 25-74 years, who participated in the population-based DIetary, Lifestyle and Genetic determinants of Obesity and Metabolic syndrome (DILGOM) study. Diet was assessed by a validated 131-item FFQ...
2017: Journal of Nutritional Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616071/combined-de-novo-and-ex-novo-lipid-fermentation-in-a-mix-medium-of-corncob-acid-hydrolysate-and-soybean-oil-by-trichosporon-dermatis
#6
Chao Huang, Mu-Tan Luo, Xue-Fang Chen, Gao-Xiang Qi, Lian Xiong, Xiao-Qing Lin, Can Wang, Hai-Long Li, Xin-De Chen
BACKGROUND: Microbial oil is one important bio-product for its important function in energy, chemical, and food industry. Finding suitable substrates is one key issue for its industrial application. Both hydrophilic and hydrophobic substrates can be utilized by oleaginous microorganisms with two different bio-pathways ("de novo" lipid fermentation and "ex novo" lipid fermentation). To date, most of the research on lipid fermentation has focused mainly on only one fermentation pathway and little work was carried out on both "de novo" and "ex novo" lipid fermentation simultaneously; thus, the advantages of both lipid fermentation cannot be fulfilled comprehensively...
2017: Biotechnology for Biofuels
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612048/obesity-accelerates-alzheimer-related-pathology-in-apoe4-but-not-apoe3-mice
#7
V Alexandra Moser, Christian J Pike
Alzheimer's disease (AD) risk is modified by both genetic and environmental risk factors, which are believed to interact to cooperatively modify pathogenesis. Although numerous genetic and environmental risk factors for AD have been identified, relatively little is known about potential gene-environment interactions in regulating disease risk. The strongest genetic risk factor for late-onset AD is the ε4 allele of apolipoprotein E (APOE4). An important modifiable risk factor for AD is obesity, which has been shown to increase AD risk in humans and accelerate development of AD-related pathology in rodent models...
May 2017: ENeuro
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28596058/adolescents-unhealthy-eating-habits-are-associated-with-meal-skipping
#8
Paulo Rogério Melo Rodrigues, Ronir Raggio Luiz, Luana Silva Monteiro, Márcia Gonçalves Ferreira, Regina Maria Veras Gonçalves-Silva, Rosangela Alves Pereira
OBJECTIVE: Meal consumption and diet quality are important for healthy development during adolescence. The aim of this study was to determine the association between meal habits and diet quality in Brazilian adolescents. METHODS: A school-based, cross-sectional study was conducted in 2008 with a probabilistic sample of adolescents ages 14 to 19 y (N = 1139) from high schools in central-western Brazil. Consumption of breakfast, morning snack, lunch, afternoon snack, and dinner was assessed to evaluate adolescents' meal profile...
April 5, 2017: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595659/uses-of-nutrient-profiling-to-address-public-health-needs-from-regulation-to-reformulation
#9
Adam Drewnowski
Nutrient profiling (NP) models rate the nutritional quality of individual foods, based on their nutrient composition. Their goal is to identify nutrient-rich foods, generally defined as those that contain more nutrients than calories and are low in fat, sugar and salt. NP models have provided the scientific basis for evaluating nutrition and health claims and regulating marketing and advertising to children. The food industry has used NP methods to reformulate product portfolios. To help define what we mean by healthy foods, NP models need to be based on published nutrition standards, mandated serving sizes and open-source nutrient composition databases...
June 9, 2017: Proceedings of the Nutrition Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592599/modeled-dietary-impact-of-industry-wide-food-and-beverage-reformulations-in-the-united-states-and-france
#10
Mathilde Gressier, Lisa Privet, Kevin Clark Mathias, Antonis Vlassopoulos, Florent Vieux, Gabriel Masset
Background: Food reformulation has been identified as a strategy to improve nutritional intakes; however, little is known about the potential impact of industry-wide reformulations.Objective: The aim of the study was to model the dietary impact of food and beverage reformulation following the Nestlé Nutritional Profiling System (NNPS) standards for children, adolescents, and adults in the United States and France.Design: Dietary intakes of individuals aged ≥4 y were retrieved from nationally representative surveys: the US NHANES 2011-2012 (n = 7456) and the French Individual and National Survey on Food Consumption (n = 3330)...
June 7, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592597/trends-in-added-sugars-from-packaged-beverages-available-and-purchased-by-us-households-2007-2012
#11
Shu Wen Ng, Jessica D Ostrowski, Kuo-Ping Li
Background: The US Food and Drug Administration's updated nutrition labeling requirements will include added sugars starting in July 2018, but no measure currently exists to identify the added sugar content of products and what it represents among purchases. Beverages are one of the first targets for reducing added sugar consumption, and hence are the focus here.Objective: Our goal was to estimate trends in added sugars in nonalcoholic packaged beverage products available in the United States and to estimate amounts of added sugars obtained from these beverages given the purchases of US households overall and by subpopulations...
June 7, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28589997/how-coffee-affects-metabolic-syndrome-and-its-components
#12
REVIEW
B Baspinar, G Eskici, A O Ozcelik
Metabolic syndrome, with its increasing prevalence, is becoming a major public health problem throughout the world. Many risk factors including nutrition play a role in the emergence of metabolic syndrome. Of the most-consumed beverages in the world, coffee contains more than 1000 components such as caffeine, chlorogenic acid, diterpenes and trigonelline. It has been proven in many studies that coffee consumption has a positive effect on chronic diseases. In this review, starting from the beneficial effects of coffee on health, the relationship between coffee consumption and metabolic syndrome and its components has been investigated...
June 7, 2017: Food & Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28588104/a-content-analysis-of-outdoor-non-alcoholic-beverage-advertisements-in-ghana
#13
Marie A Bragg, Tamara Hardoby, Natasha G Pandit, Yemi R Raji, Gbenga Ogedegbe
OBJECTIVES: This was a two-part descriptive study designed to (1) assess the marketing themes and sugar content of beverages promoted in outdoor advertisements (ads) within a portion of Accra, Ghana and (2) quantify the types of ads that appeared along the Accra-Cape Coast Highway. SETTING: A 4.7 km(2) area of Accra, Ghana and a 151 km region along the highway represented the target areas for collecting photos of outdoor beverage ads. PRIMARY AND SECONDARY OUTCOME MEASURES: Number and types of beverage ads, sugar content of beverage products featured in ads and marketing themes used in ads...
June 6, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587693/content-analysis-of-targeted-food-and-beverage-advertisements-in-a-chinese-american-neighbourhood
#14
Marie A Bragg, Yrvane K Pageot, Olivia Hernández-Villarreal, Sue A Kaplan, Simona C Kwon
OBJECTIVES: The current descriptive study aimed to: (i) quantify the number and type of advertisements (ads) located in a Chinese-American neighbourhood in a large, urban city; and (ii) catalogue the targeted marketing themes used in the food/beverage ads. DESIGN: Ten pairs of trained research assistants photographed all outdoor ads in a 0·6 mile2 (1·6 km2) area where more than 60·0 % of residents identify as Chinese American. We used content analysis to assess the marketing themes of ads, including references to: Asian cultures; health; various languages; children; food or beverage type (e...
June 7, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28580014/methane-potentials-of-wastewater-generated-from-hydrothermal-liquefaction-of-rice-straw-focusing-on-the-wastewater-characteristics-and-microbial-community-compositions
#15
Huihui Chen, Cheng Zhang, Yue Rao, Yuhang Jing, Gang Luo, Shicheng Zhang
BACKGROUND: Hydrothermal liquefaction (HTL) has been well studied for the bio-oil production from biomass. However, a large amount of wastewater with high organic content is also produced during the HTL process. Therefore, the present study investigated the methane potentials of hydrothermal liquefaction wastewater (HTLWW) obtained from HTL of rice straw at different temperatures (170-320 °C) and residence times (0.5-4 h). The characteristics (e.g., total organic content, organic species, molecular size distribution, etc...
2017: Biotechnology for Biofuels
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28579459/utilization-of-chemically-modified-pearl-millet-starches-in-preparation-of-custards-with-improved-cold-storage-stability
#16
Marium Shaikh, Tahira Mohsin Ali, Abid Hasnain
Custards were prepared using five ingredients: milk powder, modified pearl millet starch, sugar, vanilla essence and water. The effect of adding hydroxypropylated starch (HPS), succinylated starch (SUS), oxidised starch (OXS) and acetylated starch (ACS) on cold storage stability, pasting, textural and sensory properties was studied and compared to custards containing native pearl millet starch (NS). Interestingly, all chemically modified starches reduced syneresis and no water weeping was observed in custard sample incorporating hydroxypropylated starch (HPC) even after 7days of cold storage...
June 2, 2017: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578063/aroma-related-cross-modal-interactions-for-sugar-reduction-in-milk-desserts-influence-on-consumer-perception
#17
Florencia Alcaire, Lucía Antúnez, Leticia Vidal, Ana Giménez, Gastón Ares
Reformulation of industrialized products has been regarded as one of the most cost-effective strategies to reduce sugar intake. Although non-nutritive sweeteners have been extensively used to reduce the added sugar content of these products, increasing evidence about the existence of compensatory energy intake mechanisms makes it necessary to develop alternative strategies to achieve rapid sugar reductions. In this context, the aim of the present work was to evaluate aroma-related cross modal interactions for sugar reduction in vanilla milk desserts...
July 2017: Food Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28576457/sugar-and-amino-acid-preference-in-the-black-garden-ant-lasius-niger-l
#18
Natalia E L Madsen, Peter B Sørensen, Joachim Offenberg
The mutualistic relationship that ant Lasius niger (L.) establishes with trophobiotic homopterans makes this ant an unwelcome host in commercial crops, as ants improve the survival of homopteran pests from which they collect honeydew as a source of carbohydrates. Because the offering of alternative sugar sources can be used to disrupt this relationship, the present study explored L. niger's preference towards sugar and amino acid components that may be used in sugar solutions to increase their attractiveness...
May 30, 2017: Journal of Insect Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28572917/mobilizing-for-a-war-on-the-home-front-against-sugar-related-morbidity-and-mortality
#19
Dean Schillinger, James G Kahn
In Israel today, there are 420,200 Israelis diagnosed with diabetes, and every year, Israelis sustain thousands of diabetes-related deaths and tens of thousands of diabetes-related amputations. As such, in Israel, as in much of the world, there is a silent and deadly public health war against obesity and diabetes taking place on the home front -- one in which clinicians, patients, and families fight thousands of life- and limb-threatening battles daily, involving preventable heart disease, diabetes, strokes and amputations...
2017: Israel Journal of Health Policy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28572069/consumption-of-dark-chocolate-attenuates-subsequent-food-intake-compared-with-milk-and-white-chocolate-in-postmenopausal-women
#20
Channa E Marsh, Daniel J Green, Louise H Naylor, Kym J Guelfi
BACKGROUND: Chocolate has a reputation for contributing to weight gain due to its high fat, sugar and calorie content. However, the effect of varying concentrations of cocoa in chocolate on energy intake and appetite is not clear. OBJECTIVE: To compare the acute effect of consuming an isocaloric dose of dark, milk and white chocolate on subsequent energy intake, appetite and mood in postmenopausal women. METHODS: Fourteen healthy postmenopausal women (57...
May 29, 2017: Appetite
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