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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723230/retrograde-endourological-management-of-upper-urinary-tract-abnormalities-in-patients-with-ileal-conduit-urinary-diversion-a-dual-center-experience
#1
Louise Olson, Hywel Satherley, Paul Cleaveland, Bachar Zelhof, Max Mokete, Donald Neilson, Shalom Srirangam
INTRODUCTION: Patients with ileal conduit urinary diversions are at an increased risk of long-term upper urinary tract (UUT) complications, including anastomotic strictures, infections, and urolithiasis. The reconstructed urinary system poses challenges for endoscopic manipulation. We present and describe our dual-center experience in performing retrograde ureteroscopy to treat or diagnose UUT abnormalities in patients with ileal conduit incontinent diversion. PATIENT AND METHODS: We performed a retrospective analysis of medical records for all patients with previous urinary diversion who underwent retrograde ureteroscopic procedures via the ileal loop in our institutions over a 9 year period (between June 2007 and August 2016)...
July 19, 2017: Journal of Endourology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719429/maternal-salvage-with-extracorporeal-life-support-lessons-learned-in-a-single-center
#2
Philippe Biderman, Uri Carmi, Eric Setton, Michael Fainblut, Oren Bachar, Sharon Einav
The American Heart Association scientific statement on cardiac arrest in pregnancy did not endorse extracorporeal life support for lack of cohort data. We studied all pregnancy and peripartum cases of extracorporeal life support in 1 medical center (n = 11), including collapse due to infection (n = 6, 55%), thromboembolism (n = 3, 27%), and cardiac disease (n = 2, 18%). Half of the cases (n = 5, 45%) involved extracorporeal cardiopulmonary resuscitation. Most mothers survived (n = 7, 64% [95% confidence interval, 32%-88%])...
July 14, 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712750/is-there-an-association-between-mesenteric-panniculitis-and-lymphoma-a-case-control-analysis
#3
V Khasminsky, E Ram, E Atar, A Steinminz, N Issa, G N Bachar
AIM: To determine the prevalence and association of mesenteric panniculitis (MP) in a group of patients with non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL) compared to control group. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively evaluated computed tomography (CT) and combined positron-emission tomography (PET) with CT examinations of a total of 166 patients who were diagnosed with NHL over a period of 5 years (2008-2013). The control group consisted of 332 subjects who were matched for gender and age at the time period the examinations were performed on the study group...
July 13, 2017: Clinical Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28683831/phytochemical-investigations-and-antioxidant-potential-of-roots-of-leea-macrophylla-roxb
#4
Zobaer Al Mahmud, Sitesh C Bachar, Choudhury Mahmood Hasan, Talha Bin Emran, Nazmul Qais, Mir Muhammad Nasir Uddin
BACKGROUND: Oleanolic acid (NZ-15), 7 α, 28-olean diol (NZ-38) and Stigmasterol (NZ-14) were isolated from the ethanolic extracts of the roots of Leea macrophylla (Family: Leeaceae) by using chromatographic analysis. This is the first report of isolation of these compounds from this plant. Their structures were constructed by spectroscopic analysis and by comparing the data with the published one. Subsequently the ethanolic extract was fractionated with two organic solvents and all the fractions were studied to evaluate their in vitro antioxidant property...
July 6, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28683827/expanding-landscapes-of-the-diversified-mcr-1-bearing-plasmid-reservoirs
#5
Qingjing Wang, Jian Sun, Jun Li, Youfa Ding, Xing-Ping Li, Jingxia Lin, Bachar Hassan, Youjun Feng
BACKGROUND: Polymyxin is a cationic polypeptide antibiotic that can disrupt bacterial cell membrane by interacting with its lipopolysaccharide molecules and is used as a last resort drug against lethal infections by the carbapenem-resistant superbugs (like NDM-1). However, global discovery of the MCR-1 colistin resistance dramatically challenges the newly renewed interest in colistin for clinical use. METHODS: The mcr-1-harboring plasmids were acquired from swine and human Escherichia coli isolated in China, from 2015 to 2016, and subjected to Illumina PacBio RSII and Hi-Seq2000 for full genome sequencing...
July 6, 2017: Microbiome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28676041/erratum-to-genome-wide-analysis-of-an-avirulent-strain-that-induces-protective-immunity-against-challenge-with-virulent-streptococcus-suis-serotype-2
#6
Jing Wang, Youjun Feng, Changjun Wang, Feng Zheng, Bachar Hassan, Liming Zhi, Wenjuan Li, Yi Yao, Elaine He, Shibo Jiang, Jiaqi Tang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 4, 2017: BMC Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635407/ovarian-reserve-after-fibroid-embolization-in-premenopausal-women
#7
Panagiotis Tsikouras, Bachar Manav, Zacharoula Koukouli, Grigorios Trypsiannis, Georgios Galazios, Dimitrios Souftas, Vasileios Souftas
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of uterine artery embolization (UAE) for fibroids on ovarian pool of premenopausal women. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective case control study. MATERIAL AND METHODS: One-hundred and twenty premenopausal women, aged between 40 and 50 years, who underwent UAE for symptomatic uterine fibroids and the same number of women, aged between 40 and 50 years, with symptomatic uterine fibroids, who were not offered treatment were recruited for this study...
February 24, 2017: Minimally Invasive Therapy & Allied Technologies: MITAT
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634997/working-toward-precision-medicine-predicting-phenotypes-from-exomes-in-the-critical-assessment-of-genome-interpretation-cagi-challenges
#8
Roxana Daneshjou, Yanran Wang, Yana Bromberg, Samuele Bovo, Pier L Martelli, Giulia Babbi, Pietro Di Lena, Rita Casadio, Matthew Edwards, David Gifford, David T Jones, Laksshman Sundaram, Rajendra Bhat, Xiaolin Li, Lipika R Pal, Kunal Kundu, Yizhou Yin, John Moult, Yuxiang Jiang, Vikas Pejaver, Kymberleigh A Pagel, Biao Li, Sean D Mooney, Predrag Radivojac, Sohela Shah, Marco Carraro, Alessandra Gasparini, Emanuela Leonardi, Manuel Giollo, Carlo Ferrari, Silvio C E Tosatto, Eran Bachar, Johnathan R Azaria, Yanay Ofran, Ron Unger, Abhishek Niroula, Mauno Vihinen, Billy Chang, Maggie H Wang, Andre Franke, Britt-Sabina Petersen, Mehdi Pirooznia, Peter Zandi, Richard McCombie, James B Potash, Russ B Altman, Teri E Klein, Roger A Hoskins, Susanna Repo, Steven E Brenner, Alexander A Morgan
Precision medicine aims to predict a patient's disease risk and best therapeutic options by using that individual's genetic sequencing data. The Critical Assessment of Genome Interpretation (CAGI) is a community experiment consisting of genotype-phenotype prediction challenges; participants build models, undergo assessment, and share key findings. For CAGI 4, three challenges involved using exome-sequencing data: Crohn's disease, bipolar disorder, and warfarin dosing. Previous CAGI challenges included prior versions of the Crohn's disease challenge...
June 21, 2017: Human Mutation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28588566/gut-bacteria-missing-in-severe-acute-malnutrition-can-we-identify-potential-probiotics-by-culturomics
#9
Maryam Tidjani Alou, Matthieu Million, Sory I Traore, Donia Mouelhi, Saber Khelaifia, Dipankar Bachar, Aurelia Caputo, Jeremy Delerce, Souleymane Brah, Daouda Alhousseini, Cheikh Sokhna, Catherine Robert, Bouli A Diallo, Aldiouma Diallo, Philippe Parola, Michael Golden, Jean-Christophe Lagier, Didier Raoult
Severe acute malnutrition is the world-leading cause of children under-five's death. Recent metagenomics studies have established a link between gut microbiota and severe acute malnutrition, describing an immaturity with a striking depletion in oxygen-sensitive prokaryotes. Amoxicillin and therapeutic diet cure most of the children with severe acute malnutrition but an irreversible disruption of the gut microbiota is suspected in the refractory and most severe cases. In these cases, therapeutic diet may be unable to reverse the microbiota alteration leading to persistent impaired development or death...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551923/-extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation-in-israel-6-5-years-of-experience-at-the-largest-ecmo-treatment-center-in-israel
#10
Philip Biderman, Uri Carmi, Michael Fainblut, Oren Bachar, Benny Medallion, Dan Aravot
AIMS: The primary purpose of the study is to evaluate the characteristics of the population treated with ECMO at Beilinson Hospital, the treatment results and a comparison of results with ECMO centers in the world. The treatment outcomes relative to the experience of the team during the years 2008-2014 were also examined. The secondary purpose of this article is to increase the awareness of the medical staff to ECMO as a treatment option for patients with appropriate indications, where indications have increased in recent years...
April 2017: Harefuah
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533439/gene-introgression-in-weeds-depends-on-initial-gene-location-in-the-crop-brassica-napus-raphanus-raphanistrum-model
#11
Katarzyna Adamczyk-Chauvat, Sabrina Delaunay, Anne Vannier, Caroline François, Gwenaëlle Thomas, Frédérique Eber, Maryse Lodé, Marie Gilet, Virginie Huteau, Jérôme Morice, Sylvie Nègre, Cyril Falentin, Olivier Coriton, Henri Darmency, Bachar Alrustom, Eric Jenczewski, Mathieu Rousseau-Gueutin, Anne-Marie Chèvre
The effect of gene location within a crop genome on its transfer to a weed genome remains an open question for gene flow assessment. To elucidate this question, we analyzed advanced generations of intergeneric hybrids, derived from an initial pollination of known oilseed rape varieties (Brassica napus, AACC, 2n = 38) by a local population of wild radish (Raphanus raphanistrum, RrRr, 2n = 18). After five generations of recurrent pollination, 307 G5 plants with a chromosome number similar to wild radish were genotyped using 105 B...
July 2017: Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530323/-papillary-thyroid-carcinoma-treatment-is-the-pendulum-shifting
#12
REVIEW
Sagit Stern, Elad Dagan, Eran E Alon, Ziv Gil, Gideon Bachar
The incidence of papillary thyroid carcinoma has been on the rise in the past few decades while the disease specific mortality remains stable. During prophylactic central neck dissection (level 6), an average of 60% positive occult lymph nodes metastasis are found, hence the justification for performing a prophylactic central neck dissection. The opponents for performing neck dissection claim that the disease specific mortality is low regardless of the operation and that adding a neck dissection will, significantly, increase surgical morbidity...
August 2016: Harefuah
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528858/-percutaneous-nephrolithotomy-pcnl-in-patients-with-chronic-kidney-disease-ckd-efficacy-and-safety
#13
REVIEW
Patrick Jones, Omar M Aboumarzouk, Bachar Zelhof, Moeketsi Mokete, Bhavan Prasad Rai, Bhaskar K Somani
While the effects of percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) on patients with normal functioning kidneys have been widely studied, the outcomes of PCNL in populations with renal insufficiency remains under reported. We aimed to examine the literature and evaluate the efficacy and safety of PCNL in this non-indexed patient group. A systematic search was performed in accordance with Cochrane guidelines. This served to identify original studies investigating PCNL carried out in the adult population with chronic kidney disease published over the past 20 years (since 1997)...
May 18, 2017: Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507753/yield-of-magnetic-resonance-cholangiopancreatography-for-the-investigation-of-bile-duct-dilatation-in-asymptomatic-patients
#14
Shlomit Tamir, Marius Braun, Assaf Issachar, Gil N Bachar, Ofer Benjaminov
BACKGROUND: Biliary dilatation in the asymptomatic patient is a frequent incidental finding in the work-up for which there are no current guidelines. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to determine the yield of magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography (MRCP) in asymptomatic patients with an incidental finding of biliary duct dilatation. METHODS: The study included 68 consecutive patients for evaluation of biliary duct dilatation found incidentally on computed tomography (CT) or ultrasound (US)...
April 2017: United European Gastroenterology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28365933/preoperative-assessment-in-endometrial-cancer-is-triage-for-lymphadenectomy-possible
#15
Panagiotis Tsikouras, Zacharoula Koukouli, Anastasia Bothou, Bachar Manav, George Iatrakis, Stefanos Zervoudis, George Galazios, Alexander Tobias Teichmann
PURPOSE: We sought to examine whether a preoperative assessment with usual means, available in most hospitals (preoperative histology, pelvic MRI, serum CA-125) can confidently exclude from a full staging surgical procedure low-risk endometrial carcinoma (EC) patients according to ESMO-ESTRO-ESGO criteria (stage I endometrioid EC, grade 1 or 2, myometrial invasion <50% and negative lymphovascular space invasion). METHODS: We retrospectively identified all EC patients that underwent total hysterectomy with bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy (TH-BSO) plus lymph node dissection (LND) as primary treatment for endometrioid tumors from January, 2000 to December, 2010...
January 2017: Journal of B.U.ON.: Official Journal of the Balkan Union of Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346650/submandibular-salivary-gland-tumors-clinical-course-and-outcome-of-a-20-year-multicenter-study
#16
Aviram Mizrachi, Gideon Bachar, Yaron Unger, Ohad Hilly, Dan M Fliss, Thomas Shpitzer
The purpose of this retrospective chart review study was to review the nature and clinical course of benign and malignant submandibular gland tumors at 2 major university-affiliated tertiary medical centers. All patients who underwent submandibular salivary gland excision between 1990 and 2010 were included. Clinical and disease-related data were collected from the medical charts. One hundred ninety-three patients were identified, of whom 108 (56%) had non-neoplastic disorders (sialolithiasis and sialadenitis)...
March 2017: Ear, Nose, & Throat Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292261/genome-wide-analysis-of-a-avirulent-and-reveal-the-strain-induces-pro-tective-immunity-against-challenge-with-virulent-streptococcus-suis-serotype-2
#17
Jing Wang, Youjun Feng, Changjun Wang, Feng Zheng, Bachar Hassan, Liming Zhi, Wenjuan Li, Yi Yao, Elaine He, Shibo Jiang, Jiaqi Tang
BACKGROUND: It was previously reported in China that two recent large-scale outbreaks of Streptococcus suis serotype 2 (S. suis 2) infections in human were caused by two highly virulent S. suis 2 strains, from which a novel genomic island (GEI), associated with disease onset and progression and designated 89 K, was identified. Here, an avirulent strain, 05HAS68, was isolated from a clinically healthy pig. RESULTS: By comparing the genomes of this avirulent strain with virulent strains, it was found that massive genomic rearrangements occurred, resulting in alterations in gene expression that caused enormous single gene gain and loss...
March 14, 2017: BMC Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28130395/weight-trajectories-of-israeli-pediatric-cancer-survivors
#18
Marilyn Stern, Eytan Bachar, Eyal Ronen Ackerman, Diana Rancourt, Omer Bonne, Michael Weintraub
Objective: Cross-national replication of the high rates of overweight/obesity among U.S. pediatric cancer survivors (PCS) is limited. Predictors of weight trajectories of Israeli PCS were examined from diagnosis and end of active cancer treatment to 3 years posttreatment. Methods: World Health Organization-derived body mass index (z-BMI) values were calculated at each time point from medical records of 135 Israeli PCS ( M diagnosis age = 11.4). A three-section piecewise multilevel model including age, ethnicity, gender, treatment length, and diagnosis as predictors was used to estimate z-BMI trajectories...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027285/acute-rhinosinusitis-in-immunosuppressed-children-diagnostic-and-therapeutic-management
#19
Amit Ritter, Salvador Fischer, Eitan Yaniv, Tuvia Hadar, Ethan Soudry, Daniel Shai, Dror Gilony, Gideon Bachar
BACKGROUND: Immunosuppressive therapy places pediatric patients at risk of developing life-threatening sinonasal infections. Diagnosis and treatment are challenging owing to nonspecific signs and symptoms. The aim of this study was to present our department's experience with the surgical management of acute rhinosinusitis in immunosuppressed children. METHODS: The records of all children with a hematologic or oncologic disease who underwent endoscopic sinus surgery (ESS) for acute rhinosinusitis from January 2005 to May 2014 were reviewed...
April 2017: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884923/clinical-metrics-in-emergency-medicine-the-shock-index-and-the-probability-of-hospital-admission-and-inpatient-mortality
#20
Kamna S Balhara, Yu-Hsiang Hsieh, Bachar Hamade, Ryan Circh, Gabor D Kelen, Jamil D Bayram
STUDY OBJECTIVES: The shock index (SI), defined as the ratio of HR to systolic BP, has been studied as an alternative prognostic tool to traditional vital signs in specific disease states and subgroups of patients. However, literature regarding its utility in the general ED population is lacking. Our main objective was to determine the probability of admission and inpatient mortality based on the first measured SI at initial presentation in the general adult ED population in our tertiary care centre...
February 2017: Emergency Medicine Journal: EMJ
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