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Jonathan C Simmonds, Elie E Rebeiz
Hemangiopericytomas are soft tissue tumors composed of pericytic cells that are characterized by their "staghorn" vascular branching and their variable clinical presentation. Fifteen to 25% of all HPC occur in the head and neck, with only 5% found in the nose or paranasal sinuses. Sinonasal hemangiopericytoma (SNHPC) is considered distinct from its soft tissue counterpart - the former showing a more uniform cellular organization, has convincing pericytic differentiation and is associated with a far better prognosis...
September 28, 2016: American Journal of Otolaryngology
Byung Sup Kim, Doo-Sik Kong, Ho Jun Seol, Do-Hyun Nam, Jung-Il Lee
Residual or recurrent hemangiopericytoma (HPC) has been treated with radiosurgery; however, its long-term outcome is not well known. This study is to investigate the long-term outcome of gamma knife radiosurgery (GKS) for residual or recurrent HPCs. We conducted a retrospective analysis of 18 patients who underwent gamma knife radiosurgery for residual or recurrent HPCs. Of the 18 patients, 10 patients had high-grade HPCs (27 tumors) and 8 had low-grade HPCs (13 tumors). Median overall survival (OS) after the first GKS was 134...
October 18, 2016: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
Yang Liu, Saad M Khan, Juexin Wang, Mats Rynge, Yuanxun Zhang, Shuai Zeng, Shiyuan Chen, Joao V Maldonado Dos Santos, Babu Valliyodan, Prasad P Calyam, Nirav Merchant, Henry T Nguyen, Dong Xu, Trupti Joshi
BACKGROUND: With the advances in next-generation sequencing (NGS) technology and significant reductions in sequencing costs, it is now possible to sequence large collections of germplasm in crops for detecting genome-scale genetic variations and to apply the knowledge towards improvements in traits. To efficiently facilitate large-scale NGS resequencing data analysis of genomic variations, we have developed "PGen", an integrated and optimized workflow using the Extreme Science and Engineering Discovery Environment (XSEDE) high-performance computing (HPC) virtual system, iPlant cloud data storage resources and Pegasus workflow management system (Pegasus-WMS)...
October 6, 2016: BMC Bioinformatics
Nicole Mons, Daniel Beracochea
A prime mechanism that contributes to the development and maintenance of alcoholism is the dysregulation of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis activity and the release of glucocorticoids (cortisol in humans and primates, corticosterone in rodents) from the adrenal glands. In the brain, sustained, local elevation of glucocorticoid concentration even long after cessation of chronic alcohol consumption compromises functional integrity of a circuit, including the prefrontal cortex (PFC), the hippocampus (HPC), and the amygdala (AMG)...
2016: Frontiers in Psychiatry
Robim M Rodrigues, Olivier Govaere, Tania Roskams, Tamara Vanhaecke, Vera Rogiers, Joery De Kock
This data set is composed of transcriptomics analyses of (i) liver samples from patients suffering from acetaminophen-induced acute liver failure (ALF) and (ii) hepatic cell systems exposed to acetaminophen and their respective controls. The in vitro systems include widely employed cell lines i.e. HepaRG and HepG2 cells as well as a novel stem cell-derived model i.e. human skin-precursors-derived hepatocyte-like cells (hSKP-HPC). Data from primary human hepatocytes was also added to the data set "Open TG-GATEs: a large-scale toxicogenomics database" (Igarashi et al...
June 2016: Data in Brief
Bartosz Piszczatowski, Małgorzata Różańska, Andrzej Sieśkiewicz, Joanna Reszeć, Marek Rogowski
Haemangiopericytoma (HPC) is an uncommon, vascular tumor derived from Zimmerman pericytes surrounding blood vessels. HPC constitute around 1% of all tumors of vascular origin and may appear anywhere, 5% of them can be situated in nasal cavity. Tumor location within the head and neck predispose to its benign character and improves prognosis. This case report presents the case of 33-year-old patient with haemangiopericytoma-like tumor of the nasal cavity, presented symptoms of impaired nasal breathing and recurrent epistaxis...
October 19, 2016: Polski Merkuriusz Lekarski: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
Athreya Tata, Or Cohen-Inbar, Jason P Sheehan
Solitary fibrous tumours (SFTs) are relatively rare tumours that were originally thought to arise from the pleura but have thereafter been demonstrated as occurring anywhere in the body. These tumours are generally considered benign but have frequently been noted for recurrence and local invasion. Furthermore, their indolence is controversial due to increasing evidence implicating the existence of a spectrum that includes hemangiopericytoma (HPC). Stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) has been well characterised in the treatment of benign, malignant and vascular conditions, and it appears to be a reasonable option as adjuvant or recurrent treatment for intracranial SFTs...
October 7, 2016: BMJ Case Reports
Adrian Low, Charmaine Ng, Jianzhong He
Urban watersheds from point sources are potential reservoirs of antibiotic resistance genes (ARGs). However, few studies have investigated urban watersheds of non-point sources. To understand the type of ARGs and bacteria that might carry such genes, we investigated two non-point source urban watersheds with different land-use profiles. Antibiotic resistance levels of two watersheds (R1, R3) were examined using heterotrophic plate counts (HPC) as a culturing method to obtain counts of bacteria resistant to seven antibiotics belonging to different classes (erythromycin, kanamycin, lincomycin, norfloxacin, sulfanilamide, tetracycline and trimethoprim)...
September 20, 2016: Water Research
Matthew R Wilson, David S Jones, Gavin P Andrews
OBJECTIVES: This research examined the application of hot melt extrusion (HME) in the preparation of matrix formulations containing hydroxypropyl cellulose (HPC) as a base polymer in combination with methyl cellulose (MC) and hydroxypropyl methylcellulose (HPMC). METHODS: The limit to which formulations could control drug release under varying paddle speeds, high alcohol environments and high and low drug loads was investigated on a Caleva 10 ST dissolution tester...
October 17, 2016: Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology
F Kazour, C Awaida, L Souaiby, S Richa
INTRODUCTION: Cannabis use is very frequent in bipolar disorder and has been found to increase the duration and frequency of manic symptoms while decreasing those of depression. Bipolar patients who use cannabis were shown to have poorer compliance to treatment, more symptoms that are psychotic and a worse prognosis than patients who do not. In this study, we have evaluated the importance of cannabis use among bipolar patients admitted to the Psychiatric Hospital of the Cross, Lebanon (Hôpital Psychiatrique de la Croix [HPC]) as well as the clinical differences between cannabis users and non-users...
October 10, 2016: L'Encéphale
Karinne Saucedo-Vence, Armando Elizalde-Velázquez, Octavio Dublán-García, Marcela Galar-Martínez, Hariz Islas-Flores, Nely SanJuan-Reyes, Sandra García-Medina, María Dolores Hernández-Navarro, Leobardo Manuel Gómez-Oliván
Sucralose (SUC) is an artificial sweetener that is now widely used in North American and Europe; it has been detected in a wide variety of aquatic environments. It is considered safe for human consumption but its effects in the ecosystem have not yet been studied in depth, since limited ecotoxicological data are available in the peer-reviewed literature. This study aimed to evaluate potential SUC-induced toxicological hazard in the blood, brain, gill, liver and muscle of Cyprinus carpio using oxidative stress biomarkers...
October 13, 2016: Science of the Total Environment
Hien Van Nguyen, Van Hong Nguyen, Beom-Jin Lee
The objectives of the present study were to develop a controlled-release bilayered tablet of aceclofenac (AFN) 200mg with dual release and to gain a mechanistic understanding of the enhanced sustained release capability achieved by utilizing a binary mixture of the sustained release materials. Different formulations of the sustained-release layer were formulated by employing hydroxypropyl methylcellulose (HPMC) and hydroxypropyl cellulose (HPC) as the major retarding polymers. The in vitro dissolution studies of AFN bilayered tablets were carried out in intestinal fluid (pH 6...
October 12, 2016: International Journal of Pharmaceutics
Yuhei Hamaguchi, Akira Mori, Yasuhiro Fujimoto, Takashi Ito, Taku Iida, Shintaro Yagi, Hideaki Okajima, Toshimi Kaido, Shinji Uemoto
BACKGROUND: The present study aimed to investigate the impact of the duration of hepatic pedicle clamping (HPC) on tumor growth after major hepatectomy in a rat model. METHODS: Rats were divided into 4 groups according to the length of HPC during 70% partial hepatectomy followed by N1S1 tumor cell implantation: group 1, without HPC; group 2, with 5-min HPC; group 3, 10-min HPC; and group 4, 15-min HPC. At three weeks after tumor cell implantation, liver tumor growth and its possible mechanisms were investigated...
October 13, 2016: Journal of Hepato-biliary-pancreatic Sciences
Mi-Young Son, Young-Dae Kim, Binna Seol, Mi-Ok Lee, Hee-Jun Na, Bin Yoo, Jae-Suk Chang, Yee Sook Cho
Behçet's disease (BD) is a chronic inflammatory and multisystemic autoimmune disease of unknown etiology. Due to the lack of a specific test for BD, its diagnosis is very difficult, and therapeutic options are limited. Induced pluripotent stem cell (iPSC) technology, which provides inaccessible disease-relevant cell types, opens a new era for disease treatment. Here, we generated BD iPSCs from patient somatic cells and differentiated them into hematopoietic precursor cells (BD iPSC-HPCs) as BD model cells...
October 12, 2016: Stem Cells and Development
Qiuling Hou, Meng Lv, Ling Zhen, Ling Jing
Although support vector machine (SVM) has become a powerful tool for pattern classification and regression, a major disadvantage is it fails to exploit the underlying correlation between any pair of data points as much as possible. Inspired by the modified pairwise constraints trick, in this paper, we propose a novel classifier termed as support vector machine with hypergraph-based pairwise constraints to improve the performance of the classical SVM by introducing a new regularization term with hypergraph-based pairwise constraints (HPC)...
2016: SpringerPlus
Luis R Jacinto, João J Cerqueira, Nuno Sousa
Theta oscillations within the hippocampus-amygdala-medial prefrontal cortex (HPC-AMY-mPFC) circuit have been consistently implicated in the regulation of anxiety behaviors, including risk-assessment. To study if theta activity during risk-assessment was correlated with exploratory behavior in an approach/avoidance paradigm we recorded simultaneous local field potentials from this circuit in rats exploring the elevated-plus maze (EPM). Opposing patterns of power variations in the ventral hippocampus (vHPC), basolateral amygdala (BLA), and prelimbic (PrL) mPFC, but not in the dorsal hippocampus (dHPC), during exploratory risk-assessment of the open arms preceded further exploration of the open arms or retreat back to the safer closed arms...
2016: Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience
Kriselle Lao, Namita Sharma, Ajeet Gajra, Neerja Vajpayee
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to correlate the significance of bone marrow hemophagocytosis and analyze outcome data in patients with suspected hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH) at a tertiary care hospital during the course of 5 years. METHODS: The pathology database of State University of New York Upstate Medical University, Syracuse, was searched for the terms "hemophagocytosis," "hemophagocytic syndrome," and "hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis" encompassing the period January 2009-December 2014...
October 2016: Southern Medical Journal
D J Goodwin, L G Martini, M J Lawrence
The ability of a range of hydrophilic nonionic cellulose ethers (CEs) (namely methylhydroxethylcellulose, hydroxypropylmethylcellulose, ethylhydroxyethylcellulose, hydroxyethylcellulose and hydroxypropylcellulose) to prepare stable nabumetone nanoparticles (<1000nm, as measured by laser diffraction) using wet-bead milling has been investigated. Due to the limited range of CE molecular weights commercially available, the CEs were degraded using ultrasonication for varying lengths of time to yield CEs of lower molecular weight...
September 29, 2016: International Journal of Pharmaceutics
Lingcheng Zeng, Yan Wang, Yu Wang, Lin Han, Hongquan Niu, Mengxian Zhang, Changshu Ke, Jian Chen, Ting Lei
Increasing evidence has suggested a close relationship between solitary fibrous tumors (SFTs) and hemangiopericytomas (HPCs) in the central nervous system (CNS). However, CNS SFTs differentiate from HPCs in their clinical behavior and patient prognoses. Analyses of prognosis-related factors can help clarify the relationship between SFT and HPC. The intracranial SFT and HPC cases treated in our departments from January 2002 to December 2012 were retrospectively reviewed. The SFT and HPC cases were also combined into an SFT/HPC group...
September 26, 2016: Journal of Neuro-oncology
Timothy J Suchomel, Jason P Lake, Paul Comfort
The purpose of this study was to compare the load absorption force-time characteristics of weightlifting catching and pulling derivatives. Twelve resistance-trained men performed repetitions of the hang power clean (HPC), jump shrug (JS), and hang high pull (HHP) on a force platform with 30, 45, 65, and 80% of their one repetition maximum (1RM) HPC. Load absorption phase duration, mean force, and work were calculated from the force-time data. The HHP produced a significantly longer load absorption phase duration compared to the HPC (p < 0...
September 21, 2016: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
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