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vegetative nervous system

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675071/pediatric-head-injury-a-study-of-403-cases-in-a-tertiary-care-hospital-in-a-developing-country
#1
Abrar Ahad Wani, Arif Hussain Sarmast, Muzaffar Ahangar, Nayil Khursheed Malik, Sarabjit Singh Chhibber, Sajad Hussain Arif, Altaf Umar Ramzan, Bashir Ahmed Dar, Zulfiqar Ali
Introduction: Traumatic brain injury (TBI) in children is a significant cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. Falls are the most common type of injury, followed by motor vehicle-related accidents and child abuse. Aims and Objectives: The aim and objective of this study was to elucidate the various modes of injury, prognostic factors, complications, incidence of various modes of injury, and outcome in TBI in pediatric population. Materials and Methods: Patients with TBI, 18 years or less in age, managed in our Department of Neurosurgery, over a period of 2 years, were studied prospectively...
October 2017: Journal of Pediatric Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658608/ipsc%C3%A2-msc-inhibition-assessment-in-raw-264-7-cells-following-oxygen-and-glucose-deprivation-reveals-a-distinct-function-for-cardiopulmonary-resuscitation
#2
Yi Yu, Dongping Wang, Hui Li, Yujie Liu, Zhao Xiang, Junlin Wu, Xiaoli Jing
Hypoxia is a serious stress state. The nervous system is less tolerant to hypoxia, and cell death due to hypoxia is irreversible. With the incidence of cardiovascular disease gradually increasing, the sudden cardiac death rate is additionally increasing. Although cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) is an important development, recovery is frequently poor. In a successful recovery population, ~40% of the population was in a vegetative state or subsequently succumbed to their condition, and ~20% had brain damage...
April 11, 2018: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29615960/reported-changes-in-dietary-behavior-following-a-first-clinical-diagnosis-of-central-nervous-system-demyelination
#3
Rebecca D Russell, Robyn M Lucas, Vanessa Brennan, Jill L Sherriff, Andrea Begley, Lucinda J Black
Background/objectives: Although the current evidence is insufficient to recommend a special diet for people with multiple sclerosis (MS), dietary advice for people with MS is prolific online and in the media. This study aimed to describe dietary changes made in the year following a first clinical diagnosis of central nervous system demyelination (FCD), a common precursor to MS. Subjects/methods: We used follow-up data from the Ausimmune Study, a multicentre matched case-control study examining the environmental risk factors for a FCD...
2018: Frontiers in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29577854/flavonoids-and-its-neuroprotective-effects-on-brain-ischemia-and-neurodegenerative-diseases
#4
Manish Putteeraj, Wei Ling Lim, Seong Lin Teoh, Mohamad Fairuz Yahaya
Brain ischemia is among the leading cause of death with majority of the cases are associated with ischemic strokes. It can occur in two form of either focal or global ischemia. Neurodegenerative disorder such as Alzheimer and Parkinson diseases is also on the rise worldwide. These disorders have common similarities; i.e. they all affecting the central nervous system with debilitating effect to the patient. In this review, we look into the promising role of flavonoids, a natural bioactive compound found abundant in vegetables, fruits and traditional herbs...
March 26, 2018: Current Drug Targets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29577207/assessment-of-cardiac-vegetative-control-during-acute-graduated-exogenous-normobaric-hypoxia-in-rats
#5
V N Kotel'nikov, I O Osipov, Yu V Zayats, B I Gel'tser
The effects of exogenous normobaric hypoxic hypoxia on vegetative control of the heart and BP were examined in Wistar rats. The reference ranges of variation pulsometry parameters were determined in rats with normoxemia for 3 physiological variants of autonomic homeostasis: eutony, sympathicotony, and vagotony. Most rats (80%) demonstrated autonomic eutony. The study showed that saturation of arterial blood with oxygen is the most adequate assessment of severity of acute exogenous normobaric hypoxic hypoxia progressing within a closed hypoxic chamber, which standardizes this method and minimizes inaccuracies resulting from individual sensitivity to hypoxic stress...
March 26, 2018: Bulletin of Experimental Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29517182/influence-of-selected-dietary-components-on-the-functioning-of-the-human-nervous-system
#6
Agnieszka Wendołowicz, Ewa Stefańska, Lucyna Ostrowska
The diet is directly connected not only with the physical status but also with the functioning of the brain and the mental status. The potentially beneficial nutrients with a protective effect on the nervous system function include amino acids (tryptophan, phenylalanine, tyrosine, taurine), glucose and vitamins C, E, D and beta-carotene, B group vitamins (vitamin B12, vitamin B6, vitamin B4, vitamin B1) and minerals (selenium, zinc, magnesium, sodium, iron, copper, manganese, iodine). The presence of antioxidants in the diet protects against oxidative damage to nervous system cells...
2018: Roczniki Państwowego Zakładu Higieny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29442319/ascidian-zic-genes
#7
Yutaka Satou, Kaoru S Imai
Ascidians are tunicates, which constitute the sister group of vertebrates. The ascidian genome contains two Zic genes, called Zic-r.a (also called Macho-1) and Zic-r.b (ZicL). The latter is a multi-copy gene, and the precise copy number has not yet been determined. Zic-r.a is maternally expressed, and soon after fertilization Zic-r.a mRNA is localized in the posterior pole of the zygote. Zic-r.a protein is translated there and is involved in specification of posterior fate; in particular it is important for specification of muscle fate...
2018: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29376968/-the-non-medicamentous-methods-for-the-prevention-and-treatment-of-the-patients-presenting-with-neurocirculatory-asthenia-and-concomitant-enhanced-meteosensitivity
#8
COMPARATIVE STUDY
A I Uyanaeva, Y Y Tupitsyna, E A Turova, N V Lvova, I V Ksenofontova
OBJECTIVE: The relevance of the problem stated in the title of this article comes from the significant increase in the prevalence of the functional cardiovascular disorders having been documented during the past years especially such as circulatory asthenia that most frequently affects the young people of the working age suffering from the systemic neurogenic imbalance in the organism and can be seriously aggravated by the influence of biotropic weather conditions and be responsible for enhanced meteosensitivity that has negative effect on the quality of life and impairs the effectiveness of the therapeutic interventions...
December 5, 2017: Voprosy Kurortologii, Fizioterapii, i Lechebnoĭ Fizicheskoĭ Kultury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328025/the-peculiarities-of-the-state-of-the-autonomic-nervous-system-estimated-by-the-method-of-heart-rate-variability-in-patients-with-cirrhosis-and-syntropic-damages-of-cardiovascular-system
#9
O Abrahamovych, M Abrahamovych, M Farmaha, S Tolopko
In the article the features of the autonomic nervous system state were estimated by the method of heart rate variability in patients with cirrhosis with syntropic damages of cardiovascular system - cardiomyopathy and arterial hypotension. As a result of an examination of 50 patients with liver cirrhosis and cardiomyopathy (investigational group A), 54 patients with liver cirrhosis and arterial hypotension (investigational group B), and 45 patients with liver cirrhosis also those who don't have the damages of cardiovascular system (group of comparison) it was established that: 1) they have the peculiarities of vegetative imbalance the characteristics of which are the low summarized activity of vegetative influence on heart rhythm and special dynamics of indexes of percentage structure of general spectral power; 2) they depend on the clinical variant of this damage - in patients with cirrhosis and syntropic cardiomyopathy the regulating of internal processes involve the humoral-metabolic influence, i...
December 2017: Georgian Medical News
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29245038/spatiotemporal-influence-of-temperature-air-quality-and-urban-environment-on-cause-specific-mortality-during-hazy-days
#10
Hung Chak Ho, Man Sing Wong, Lin Yang, Wenzhong Shi, Jinxin Yang, Muhammad Bilal, Ta-Chien Chan
Haze is an extreme weather event that can severely increase air pollution exposure, resulting in higher burdens on human health. Few studies have explored the health effects of haze, and none have investigated the spatiotemporal interaction between temperature, air quality and urban environment that may exacerbate the adverse health effects of haze. We investigated the spatiotemporal pattern of haze effects and explored the additional effects of temperature, air pollution and urban environment on the short-term mortality risk during hazy days...
December 12, 2017: Environment International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230092/fetomaternal-and-pediatric-toxoplasmosis
#11
Helieh S Oz
Toxoplasmosis is one of the most important causes of foodborne illnesses and inflammatory complications, as well as congenital disorders. Promiscuous Toxoplasma is transmitted by contaminated food and animal produce, water, vegetations, fruits and sexually through semen. Toxoplasma infects nucleated cells with a unique tropism for muscles and central nervous system and a mind bugging malicious effect. Pregnant women with acute or reactivated toxoplasmosis can transmit Toxoplasma via transplacental to the fetus...
December 2017: Journal of Pediatric Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29200886/monitoring-and-management-of-hypertension-with-obesity-in-adolescents
#12
REVIEW
Bonita Falkner
Largely due to the childhood obesity epidemic, there has been an increase in the prevalence of hypertension in children and adolescents. Obesity associated hypertension is the most common hypertension phenotype among adolescents. Approximately 30% of obese adolescents have elevated blood pressure (BP) or hypertension. Updated definitions of elevated BP and hypertension in adolescents are now similar to definitions of BP status in adults. For adolescents ≥13 years of age, elevated BP is 120 to 129/<80 mm Hg...
2017: Integrated Blood Pressure Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163104/transcranial-random-noise-stimulation-does-not-improve-behavioral-and-neurophysiological-measures-in-patients-with-subacute-vegetative-unresponsive-wakefulness-state-vs-uws
#13
Mauro Mancuso, Laura Abbruzzese, Stefania Canova, Giulia Landi, Simone Rossi, Emiliano Santarnecchi
Background: The absence of efficient treatments capable to promote central nervous system recovery in patients in vegetative state (VS) due to a severe acquired brain injury highlights the need of exploring alternative neuromodulatory treatments that can lead to neurobehavioral gains. Some encouraging preliminary observations suggest that transcranial direct current stimulation could be effective in disorders of consciousness (DoC) patients, especially when applied on the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DLPFC) in patients with minimally conscious state (MCS) but not in those with VS...
2017: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128246/long-term-exposure-to-ambient-pm2-5-associated-with-fall-related-injury-in-six-low-and-middle-income-countries
#14
Yanfei Guo, Hualiang Lin, Yan Shi, Yang Zheng, Xing Li, Jianpeng Xiao, Tao Liu, Weilin Zeng, Michael G Vaughn, Lenise A Cummings-Vaughn, Erik J Nelson, Zhengmin Min Qian, Wenjun Ma, Fan Wu
Exposure to ambient air pollution has been linked with adverse health outcomes of the circulatory and nervous systems. Given that falls are closely related to circulatory and nervous health, we hypothesize that air pollution may adversely affect fall-related injury. We employed Wave 1 data from 36,662 participants aged ≥50 years in WHO's Study on Global AGEing and Adult Health in six low- and middle-income countries. Ambient annual concentration of PM2.5 was estimated using satellite data. A three-level logistic regression model was applied to examine the long-term association between ambient PM2...
November 8, 2017: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29093972/pain-processing-and-vegetative-dysfunction-in-fibromyalgia-a-study-by-sympathetic-skin-response-and-laser-evoked-potentials
#15
Marina de Tommaso, Katia Ricci, Giuseppe Libro, Eleonora Vecchio, Marianna Delussi, Anna Montemurno, Giuseppe Lopalco, Florenzo Iannone
Background: A dysfunction of pain processing at central and peripheral levels was reported in fibromyalgia (FM). We aimed to correlate laser evoked potentials (LEPs), Sympathetic Skin Response (SSR), and clinical features in FM patients. Methods: Fifty FM patients and 30 age-matched controls underwent LEPs and SSR by the right hand and foot. The clinical evaluation included FM disability (FIQ) and severity scores (WPI), anxiety (SAS) and depression (SDS) scales, and questionnaires for neuropathic pain (DN4)...
2017: Pain Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046646/role-of-sex-hormones-in-the-control-of-vegetative-and-metabolic-functions-of-middle-aged-women
#16
Vincenzo Monda, Monica Salerno, Moscatelli Fiorenzo, Ines Villano, Andrea Viggiano, Francesco Sessa, Antonio I Triggiani, Giuseppe Cibelli, Anna Valenzano, Gabriella Marsala, Christian Zammit, Maria Ruberto, Giovanni Messina, Marcellino Monda, Vincenzo De Luca, Antonietta Messina
Aims: In women's life, menopause is characterized by significant physiological changes often associated with an increase in body mass and obesity-associated sicknesses. Numerous researches described interdependencies of estrogen deficiency, aging, and resting energy expenditure (REE) downfall in the obesity correlated with the menopause. The aim of this study was to determining whether healthy, obese menopausal women underwent HRT treatment, showed changes in their REE, autonomic asset, and assessment of oxidative stress in comparison with obese pre- and post-menopausal women...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28985715/acute-transient-spinal-paralysis-and-cardiac-symptoms-following-an-accidental-epidural-potassium-infusion-a-case-report
#17
Martin Kreutzträger, Marcel A Kopp, Thomas Liebscher
BACKGROUND: To describe a case of an accidental epidural potassium infusion leading to an acute transient spinal paralysis and cardiac symptoms and review the literature on that topic. CASE PRESENTATION: We report the case of an accidental infusion of 900 mg potassium chloride 7.45% (KCl) into the epidural space, which occurred during epidural analgesia in a 74-year-old patient suffering from immobilization due to lumbar back pain as well as from a paralytic Ileus...
October 6, 2017: BMC Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28739616/awakening-with-amantadine-from-a-persistent-vegetative-state-after-subarachnoid-haemorrhage
#18
Sophie Mirabell Lehnerer, Franziska Scheibe, Ralph Buchert, Stefan Kliesch, Andreas Meisel
We report the case of a 36-year-old woman with a subarachnoid haemorrhage (SAH) caused by a rupture of a right-sided middle cerebral artery aneurysm and subsequent malignant infarction of the right hemisphere leading to a persistent vegetative state and severe spastic tetraparesis with recurrent myocloni. Nine months after disease onset, the patient was transferred to our department for diagnostic and therapeutic re-evaluation. The poor clinical condition could not be explained by the brain lesion caused by the SAH or infarction...
July 24, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28685005/endovascular-approach-to-glomus-jugulare-tumors
#19
Damian Kocur, Wojciech Ślusarczyk, Nikodem Przybyłko, Mariusz Hofman, Tomasz Jamróz, Krzysztof Suszyński, Jan Baron, Stanisław Kwiek
BACKGROUND: Paragangliomas are benign neuroendocrine tumors derived from the glomus cells of the vegetative nervous system. Typically, they are located in the region of the jugular bulb and middle ear. The optimal management is controversial and can include surgical excision, stereotactic radiosurgery and embolization. CASE REPORT: We report the endovascular approach to three patients harboring glomus jugulare paragangliomas. In all cases incomplete occlusion of the lesions was achieved and recanalization in the follow-up period was revealed...
2017: Polish Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28672973/compound-anisodine-affects-the-proliferation-and-calcium-overload-of-hypoxia-induced-rat-retinal-progenitor-cells-and-brain-neural-stem-cells-via-the-p-erk1-2-hif-1%C3%AE-vegf-pathway
#20
Qun Wang, Shan Gao, Yu Luo, Qian-Yan Kang
As a Traditional Chinese Medicine, compound anisodine (CA) has previously been shown to regulate the vegetative nervous system, improve microcirculation and scavenge reactive oxygen species, and has been commonly utilized as a neuroprotective agent to treat ischemic optic neuropathy and choroidoretinopathy. The present study aimed to investigate the neuroprotective effects of CA on the proliferation and calcium overload of hypoxia-induced rat retinal progenitor cells (RPCs) and brain neural stem cells (BNSCs) harvested from neonatal Sprague-Dawley rats...
July 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
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