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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128246/long-term-exposure-to-ambient-pm2-5-associated-with-fall-related-injury-in-six-low-and-middle-income-countries
#1
Yanfei Guo, Hualiang Lin, Yan Shi, Yang Zheng, Xing Li, Jianpeng Xiao, Tao Liu, Weilin Zeng, Michael G Vaughn, Lenise A Cummings-Vaughn, Erik J Nelson, Zhengmin Min Qian, Wenjun Ma, Fan Wu
Exposure to ambient air pollution has been linked with adverse health outcomes of the circulatory and nervous systems. Given that falls are closely related to circulatory and nervous health, we hypothesize that air pollution may adversely affect fall-related injury. We employed Wave 1 data from 36,662 participants aged ≥50 years in WHO's Study on Global AGEing and Adult Health in six low- and middle-income countries. Ambient annual concentration of PM2.5 was estimated using satellite data. A three-level logistic regression model was applied to examine the long-term association between ambient PM2...
November 8, 2017: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29093972/pain-processing-and-vegetative-dysfunction-in-fibromyalgia-a-study-by-sympathetic-skin-response-and-laser-evoked-potentials
#2
Marina de Tommaso, Katia Ricci, Giuseppe Libro, Eleonora Vecchio, Marianna Delussi, Anna Montemurno, Giuseppe Lopalco, Florenzo Iannone
Background: A dysfunction of pain processing at central and peripheral levels was reported in fibromyalgia (FM). We aimed to correlate laser evoked potentials (LEPs), Sympathetic Skin Response (SSR), and clinical features in FM patients. Methods: Fifty FM patients and 30 age-matched controls underwent LEPs and SSR by the right hand and foot. The clinical evaluation included FM disability (FIQ) and severity scores (WPI), anxiety (SAS) and depression (SDS) scales, and questionnaires for neuropathic pain (DN4)...
2017: Pain Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046646/role-of-sex-hormones-in-the-control-of-vegetative-and-metabolic-functions-of-middle-aged-women
#3
Vincenzo Monda, Monica Salerno, Moscatelli Fiorenzo, Ines Villano, Andrea Viggiano, Francesco Sessa, Antonio I Triggiani, Giuseppe Cibelli, Anna Valenzano, Gabriella Marsala, Christian Zammit, Maria Ruberto, Giovanni Messina, Marcellino Monda, Vincenzo De Luca, Antonietta Messina
Aims: In women's life, menopause is characterized by significant physiological changes often associated with an increase in body mass and obesity-associated sicknesses. Numerous researches described interdependencies of estrogen deficiency, aging, and resting energy expenditure (REE) downfall in the obesity correlated with the menopause. The aim of this study was to determining whether healthy, obese menopausal women underwent HRT treatment, showed changes in their REE, autonomic asset, and assessment of oxidative stress in comparison with obese pre- and post-menopausal women...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28985715/acute-transient-spinal-paralysis-and-cardiac-symptoms-following-an-accidental-epidural-potassium-infusion-a-case-report
#4
Martin Kreutzträger, Marcel A Kopp, Thomas Liebscher
BACKGROUND: To describe a case of an accidental epidural potassium infusion leading to an acute transient spinal paralysis and cardiac symptoms and review the literature on that topic. CASE PRESENTATION: We report the case of an accidental infusion of 900 mg potassium chloride 7.45% (KCl) into the epidural space, which occurred during epidural analgesia in a 74-year-old patient suffering from immobilization due to lumbar back pain as well as from a paralytic Ileus...
October 6, 2017: BMC Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28739616/awakening-with-amantadine-from-a-persistent-vegetative-state-after-subarachnoid-haemorrhage
#5
Sophie Mirabell Lehnerer, Franziska Scheibe, Ralph Buchert, Stefan Kliesch, Andreas Meisel
We report the case of a 36-year-old woman with a subarachnoid haemorrhage (SAH) caused by a rupture of a right-sided middle cerebral artery aneurysm and subsequent malignant infarction of the right hemisphere leading to a persistent vegetative state and severe spastic tetraparesis with recurrent myocloni. Nine months after disease onset, the patient was transferred to our department for diagnostic and therapeutic re-evaluation. The poor clinical condition could not be explained by the brain lesion caused by the SAH or infarction...
July 24, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28685005/endovascular-approach-to-glomus-jugulare-tumors
#6
Damian Kocur, Wojciech Ślusarczyk, Nikodem Przybyłko, Mariusz Hofman, Tomasz Jamróz, Krzysztof Suszyński, Jan Baron, Stanisław Kwiek
BACKGROUND: Paragangliomas are benign neuroendocrine tumors derived from the glomus cells of the vegetative nervous system. Typically, they are located in the region of the jugular bulb and middle ear. The optimal management is controversial and can include surgical excision, stereotactic radiosurgery and embolization. CASE REPORT: We report the endovascular approach to three patients harboring glomus jugulare paragangliomas. In all cases incomplete occlusion of the lesions was achieved and recanalization in the follow-up period was revealed...
2017: Polish Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28672973/compound-anisodine-affects-the-proliferation-and-calcium-overload-of-hypoxia-induced-rat-retinal-progenitor-cells-and-brain-neural-stem-cells-via-the-p-erk1-2-hif-1%C3%AE-vegf-pathway
#7
Qun Wang, Shan Gao, Yu Luo, Qian-Yan Kang
As a Traditional Chinese Medicine, compound anisodine (CA) has previously been shown to regulate the vegetative nervous system, improve microcirculation and scavenge reactive oxygen species, and has been commonly utilized as a neuroprotective agent to treat ischemic optic neuropathy and choroidoretinopathy. The present study aimed to investigate the neuroprotective effects of CA on the proliferation and calcium overload of hypoxia-induced rat retinal progenitor cells (RPCs) and brain neural stem cells (BNSCs) harvested from neonatal Sprague-Dawley rats...
July 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528080/toxicological-aspects-of-interesterified-fat-brain-damages-in-rats
#8
Lívia Ferraz D'avila, Verônica Tironi Dias, Luciana Taschetto Vey, Laura Hautrive Milanesi, Karine Roversi, Tatiana Emanuelli, Marilise Escobar Bürger, Fabíola Trevizol, H Luana Maurer
In recent years, interesterified fat (IF) has been used to replace hydrogenated vegetable fat (HVF), rich in trans isomers, being found in processed foods. Studies involving IF have shown deleterious influences on the metabolic system, similarly to HVF, whereas no studies regarding its influence on the central nervous system (CNS) were performed. Rats from first generation born and maintained under supplementation (3g/Kg, p.o.) of soybean-oil or IF until adulthood were assessed on memory, biochemical and molecular markers in the hippocampus...
July 5, 2017: Toxicology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28476957/spa-enhanced-fpia-based-detection-of-pesticide-residue-with-ppb-ppt-level-detection-limit
#9
Swathi Korrapati, Phani Kumar Pullela, Uthirapathy Vijayalakshmi
Pesticide residue in fruits & vegetables is one of the key issues affecting the export of rural products in India. Pesticide exposure or intake causes major nervous system problems in children. The solutions to quantitate them in field are rare and the pesticide residue detection in the parts per billion (ppb) ranges is challenging. Except ELISA, none of the existing methods can detect pesticide residues in ppb range in the field. We employed a new approach of concentrating field samples and used sodium polyacrylate (SPA) as water absorbing material...
February 2017: IET Nanobiotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28471730/a-vegetable-launaea-taraxacifolia-mitigated-mercuric-chloride-alteration-of-the-microanatomy-of-rat-brain
#10
Olatunde Owoeye, Ganiyu O Arinola
Mercuric chloride is an environmental pollutant that affects the nervous systems of mammals. Oxidative damage is one of the mechanisms of its toxicity, and antioxidants should mitigate this effect. A vegetable with antioxidant activity is Launaea taraxacifolia, whose ethanolic extract (EELT) was investigated in this experiment to determine its effect against mercuric chloride (MC) intoxication in rat brain. Thirty male Wistar rats were randomly assigned into five groups (n = 6) as follows: control; propylene glycol; EELT (400 mg/kg bwt) for 19 days; MC (HgCl2) (4 mg/bwt) for 5 days from day 15 of the experiment; EELT+ MC, EELT (400 mg/kg bwt) for 14 days + MC (4 mg/bwt) for 5 days from day 15 of the experiment...
November 2, 2017: Journal of Dietary Supplements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399095/-modern-principles-of-integrated-diagnostics-and-rehabilitation-of-perinatal-lesions-of-the-nervous-system-and-their-consequences
#11
S A Nemkova
The article is devoted to the comprehensive diagnosis and treatment of perinatal lesions of the nervous system and their consequences in children. Reflects modern approaches to data classification conditions, taking into account ideas on the etiology and pathogenesis of the disease, the clinical manifestations of the main syndromes (excitation and depression, hypertensive, convulsive, movement disorders) as the neonatal period, and in the formation of long-term effects (motor and mental delay and speech development, hyperkinetic syndrome, cerebral palsy and others)...
2017: Zhurnal Nevrologii i Psikhiatrii Imeni S.S. Korsakova
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28374707/-the-causes-of-recurrent-ulcerative-gastroduodenal-bleeding
#12
E M Lipnitsky, A V Alekberzade, M R Gasanov
AIM: To explore microcirculatory changes within the first 48 hours after admission, to compare them with clinical manifestations of bleeding and to define the dependence of recurrent bleeding from the therapy. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study included 108 patients with ulcerative gastroduodenal bleeding who were treated at the Clinical Hospital #71 for the period 2012-2014. There were 80 (74.1%) men and 28 (25.9%) women. Age ranged 20-87 years (mean 54.4±16.8 years)...
2017: Khirurgiia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339025/cerebral-hemorrhage-therapy-by-targeting-vegf-and-hgf-in-a-preclinical-trial-in-rats
#13
Xueqing Li, Ruiqi Cao, Huaihai Lu, Wenbin Tian, Ning Yu, Pei Zhang, Zhenming Dong
Cerebral hemorrhage is the most common type of human cerebrovascular disease and frequently causes paralysis, vegetative state and mortality. The modulatory actions of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) are vital in the human nervous system. The present study investigated the association between cerebral hemorrhage and the expression of VEGF and HGF in a rat model of cerebral hemorrhage. The therapeutic potential of cerebral hemorrhage was also evaluated using targeted drugs for VEGF and HGF in the cerebral hemorrhage rat model...
May 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282938/listeria-monocytogenes-in-fresh-produce-outbreaks-prevalence-and-contamination-levels
#14
Qi Zhu, Ravi Gooneratne, Malik Altaf Hussain
Listeria monocytogenes, a member of the genus Listeria, is widely distributed in agricultural environments, such as soil, manure and water. This organism is a recognized foodborne pathogenic bacterium that causes many diseases, from mild gastroenteritis to severe blood and/or central nervous system infections, as well as abortion in pregnant women. Generally, processed ready-to-eat and cold-stored meat and dairy products are considered high-risk foods for L. monocytogenes infections that cause human illness (listeriosis)...
March 9, 2017: Foods (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28248529/neuronal-circuits-involved-in-osmotic-challenges
#15
M C Dos Santos Moreira, L M Naves, S M Marques, E F Silva, E Colombari, G R Pedrino
The maintenance of plasma sodium concentration within a narrow limit is crucial to life. When it differs from normal physiological patterns, several mechanisms are activated in order to restore body fluid homeostasis. Such mechanisms may be vegetative and/or behavioral, and several regions of the central nervous system (CNS) are involved in their triggering. Some of these are responsible for sensory pathways that perceive a disturbance of the body fluid homeostasis and transmit information to other regions...
February 28, 2017: Physiological Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28204814/fisetin-regulates-astrocyte-migration-and-proliferation-in%C3%A2-vitro
#16
Nan Wang, Fang Yao, Ke Li, Lanlan Zhang, Guo Yin, Mingjun Du, Bingyi Wu
Fisetin (3,3',4',7-tetrahydroxyflavone) is a plant flavonol found in fruits and vegetables that has been reported to inhibit migration and proliferation in several types of cancer. Reactive astrogliosis involves astrocyte migration and proliferation, and contributes to the formation of glial scars in central nervous system (CNS) disorders. However, the effect of fisetin on the migration and proliferation of astrocytes remains unclear. In this study, we found that fisetin inhibited astrocyte migration in a scratch-wound assay and diminished the phosphorylation of focal adhesion kinase (FAK; Tyr576/577 and paxillin (Tyr118)...
April 2017: International Journal of Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28154522/metal-dyshomeostasis-and-their-pathological-role-in-prion-and-prion-like-diseases-the-basis-for-a-nutritional-approach
#17
REVIEW
Mattia Toni, Maria L Massimino, Agnese De Mario, Elisa Angiulli, Enzo Spisni
Metal ions are key elements in organisms' life acting like cofactors of many enzymes but they can also be potentially dangerous for the cell participating in redox reactions that lead to the formation of reactive oxygen species (ROS). Any factor inducing or limiting a metal dyshomeostasis, ROS production and cell injury may contribute to the onset of neurodegenerative diseases or play a neuroprotective action. Transmissible spongiform encephalopathies (TSEs), also known as prion diseases, are a group of fatal neurodegenerative disorders affecting the central nervous system (CNS) of human and other mammalian species...
2017: Frontiers in Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28091927/effect-of-new-antiviral-agent-camphecin-on-behavior-of-mice
#18
A V Babina, V A Lavrinenko, O I Yarovaya, N F Salakhutdinov
We studied the effect of camphecin (1,7,7-trimethylbicyclo[2.2.1]heptan-2-ylidene-aminoethanol) on mouse behavior in the open-field test. Camphecin possesses antiviral activity and inhibits viral replication, but its influence on the nervous system is poorly studied. Single camphecin injection produced no significant changes in behavioral patterns. Chronic camphecin administration (5 times over 2 weeks) to mice of different strains had no significant influence on open field behavior (motor, exploratory activity, anxiety, emotional state and vegetative functions)...
January 2017: Bulletin of Experimental Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27951614/nerve-sparing-and-surgery-for-deep-infiltrating-endometriosis-pessimism-of-the-intellect-or-optimism-of-the-will
#19
REVIEW
Basma Darwish, Horace Roman
Nerve-sparing surgery is an emerging technique for surgery-related dysfunction. Within the past 15 years, an essential progress in recognition and understanding of the anatomy of the pelvic autonomous nervous system has been made. Surgical preservation of vegetative nerves has become well known in many cancer centers. The technique has led to improvement of the quality of life following oncologic radical procedures. Positive results have led to the adoption of such techniques in the surgical treatment of deep infiltrating endometriosis in an aim to prevent urinary, rectal, and sexual dysfunction...
January 2017: Seminars in Reproductive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933574/-long-term-hrv-analysis-shows-stress-reduction-by-magnesium-intake
#20
Elmar Wienecke, Claudia Nolden
BACKGROUND: Mental pressure and stress represent an ever-increasing socio-political challenge. The heart rate variability (HRV) measurement, which has its origin in the cardiac function diagnosis, gives information on the neurovegetative activity. A low HRV shows an imbalance of the sympathetic and parasympathetic efferents and thus is an indicator of stress. METHOD: A randomized, controlled, two-armed parallel study with 100 participants and a period of 90 days was performed...
December 2016: MMW Fortschritte der Medizin
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