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vegetative nervous system

Petra Rust, Cem Ekmekcioglu
Excessive dietary salt (sodium chloride) intake is associated with an increased risk for hypertension, which in turn is especially a major risk factor for stroke and other cardiovascular pathologies, but also kidney diseases. Besides, high salt intake or preference for salty food is discussed to be positive associated with stomach cancer, and according to recent studies probably also obesity risk. On the other hand a reduction of dietary salt intake leads to a considerable reduction in blood pressure, especially in hypertensive patients but to a lesser extent also in normotensives as several meta-analyses of interventional studies have shown...
October 19, 2016: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
Santa Cirmi, Nadia Ferlazzo, Giovanni E Lombardo, Elvira Ventura-Spagnolo, Sebastiano Gangemi, Gioacchino Calapai, Michele Navarra
Neurodegenerative diseases (ND) result from the gradual and progressive degeneration of the structure and function of the central nervous system or the peripheral nervous system or both. They are characterized by deterioration of neurons and/or myelin sheath, disruption of sensory information transmission and loss of movement control. There is no effective treatment for ND, and the drugs currently marketed are symptom-oriented, albeit with several side effects. Within the past decades, several natural remedies have gained attention as potential neuroprotective drugs...
September 30, 2016: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
Margarida Barreto Cortes, Vitor Teixeira, Samuel Raimundo Fernandes, Fernanda Rego
The authors present a case of a man with Haemophilus parainfluenzae endocarditis complicated with embolisation to the central nervous system. The patient had no evidence of endocarditis by transoesophageal and transthoracic echocardiograms at baseline, but shortly after developed large mitral valve vegetations with valve rupture. The case highlights how rapidly structural valve damage can ensue despite good clinical and laboratorial antibiotic response.
2016: BMJ Case Reports
Janosch A Priebe, Miriam Kunz, Christian Morcinek, Peter Rieckmann, Stefan Lautenbacher
OBJECTIVE: Nociceptive abnormalities indicating increased pain sensitivity have been reported in patients with Parkinson's disease (PD). The disturbances are mostly responsive to dopaminergic (DA) treatment; yet, there are conflicting results. The objective of the present study was to investigate pain processing and nociception in PD patients in a more comprehensive manner than previous studies. For this purpose, a multi-methods approach was used in order to monitor different levels of the central nervous system (spinal, subcortical-vegetative, cortical)...
September 15, 2016: Journal of the Neurological Sciences
R I Zhdanov, A N Doinikova, S I Zhdanova, Yu V Chernokhvostov, E S Gadzhieva, V G Dvoenosov
The work is aimed to an assessment of the correlation between of autonomic nervous system tone and the level of reactivity of the students' cardiovascular system and hemostasis system under examination stress. It was found that the students under exam stress are characterized with high values of respiration rate and with lower ones of tidal volume. The value of respiratory minute volume decreases in male students due to the bronchoconstrictor effects of stress at the tracheobronchial tree. This finding confirms a statistically significant reduction in the flow of small, medium and large bronchi, indicating an increased parasympathetic nervous system tone...
March 2016: Zhurnal Vyssheĭ Nervnoĭ Deiatelnosti Imeni I P Pavlova
Zubair Ahmed Thoker, Khursheed Aslam Khan, Imtiyaz Rashid, Zafar
BACKGROUND: To study the association of increased cardiac troponin I levels in infective endocarditis (IE) with its adverse clinical outcomes including in-hospital mortality, perivalvular invasive infection and central nervous system events. METHODS: A prospective cohort study of 26 patients comprising of 19 males and 7 females with an average age of 28years diagnosed with IE using Modified Duke Criteria were taken. A blood sample was drawn from each patient and all samples were analyzed for quantitative estimation of troponin I using ELISA technique...
November 1, 2016: International Journal of Cardiology
Zoe M Adams, Joseph J Fins
The persistent vegetative state (PVS) is one of the most iconic and misunderstood phrases in clinical neuroscience. Coined as a diagnostic category by Scottish neurosurgeon Bryan Jennett and American neurologist Fred Plum in 1972, the phrase "vegetative" first appeared in Aristotle's treatise On the Soul (circa mid-fourth century BCE). Aristotle influenced neuroscientists of the nineteenth and early-twentieth centuries, Xavier Bichat and Walter Timme, and informed their conceptions of the vegetative nervous system...
June 13, 2016: Journal of the History of the Neurosciences
T E Odinets, Yu A Briskin
UNLABELLED: A frequent consequence of the treatment of breast cancer is the postmastectomy syndrome that combines psycho-emotional and functional disorders in various body systems. AIM: The objective of the present study was to evaluate the influence of the program of differential physical rehabilitation on the functional state of the autonomic nervous system in the women with the postmastectomy syndrome at the stationary stage of the rehabilitative treatment. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study included 50 presenting with the postmastectomy syndrome following radical mastectomy as described by J...
May 2016: Voprosy Kurortologii, Fizioterapii, i Lechebnoĭ Fizicheskoĭ Kultury
O P Zhuchenko
The results of investigation of the inflammatory processes dynamics in operative wounds in 238 patients after surgical intervention, performed for noncomplicated hernias of anterior abdominal wall of various localization, as well as the impact of polarized light on correction of the vegetative nervous system disorders, for prophylaxis of infiltrative-purulent complications were analyzed.
January 2016: Klinichna Khirurhiia
Zhenghua Hou, Wenhao Jiang, Yingying Yin, Zhijun Zhang, Yonggui Yuan
Depression is the most disabling disorder worldwide that accounts for the highest proportion of global burden attributable to mental disorders. Major depressive disorder (MDD) is characterized by deep sadness, reduced energy, vegetative nervous system dysregulation, cognitive dysfunction, and even a high suicidal tendency. Although other treatment choices are available, antidepressant medication is the front-line treatment option for MDD. Regarding clinical efficacy, only ~50% of patients respond to frontline antidepressants, and <33% obtain remission...
August 2016: Neuroscience Bulletin
F J Hasanov, A A Aslanov, N F Muradov, K N Namazova
The research objective was to study the characteristics of combined anesthesia with epidural componente (CAEC) depending on vegetative nervous system type (VNS) in patients who underwent large scale traumatic surgical operations on abdominal cavity organs. The scientific research was conducted in Anaesthesiology--Reanimation Department of the Scientific Surgical Centre named after acad. MA. Topchubashev, the Ministry of Health of the Azerbaijan Republic. The research objects were 69 patients who underwent operations in conditions of CAEC due to different serious surgical pathologies of abdominal cavity organs...
January 2016: Anesteziologiia i Reanimatologiia
V A Drobyshev, L A Shpagina, L A Panacheva, O N Gerasimenko, S G Abramovich, I N Smirnova
The study was conducted on aircraft-building enterprise during production microcycle (before working shift start, during last working hour and in an hour after the shift end)--spectral analysis covered variability of heart rhythm in 70 male assembler riveters aged 25-59, divided into 2 groups in accordance with industrial equipment used. The group 1 used standard vibroinstrument, the group 2--pneumoinstruments with low vibration velocity parameters. Triple study during the working shift revealed in group 2 an adequate reaction of vegetative nervous system to vibration, in group 1 a negative trend was seen with centralization of regulatory processes and absence of adequate recovery in an hour after work...
2016: Meditsina Truda i Promyshlennaia Ekologiia
Keita Shibahashi, Toru Doi, Sakae Tanaka, Hidenori Hoda, Hirotaka Chikuda, Yasuhiro Sawada, Yuichi Takasu, Kentaro Chiba, Toshiki Nozaki, Yuichi Hamabe, Toru Ogata
The serum phosphorylated neurofilament heavy subunit (pNF-H) is a nervous system-specific protein that is released from damaged neural tissue following traumatic brain injury (TBI). The aim of this study was to elucidate the usefulness of serum pNF-H as a predictive marker for the outcome of patients after TBI. Patients with TBI (Glasgow coma scale of 13 or less on admission) were included. Patients who were younger than 18, dependent on others for daily activities before injury, pregnant, or who were not likely to survive for more than 24 h after injury were excluded...
April 20, 2016: Journal of Neurotrauma
Seyed Fazel Nabavi, Silvia Tejada, William N Setzer, Olga Gortzi, Antoni Sureda, Nady Braidy, Maria Daglia, Azadeh Manayi, Seyed Mohammad Nabavi
BACKGROUND: At present, much attention has been focused on the beneficial effects of natural products on the human health due to their high efficacy and low adverse effects. Among them, polyphenolic compounds are known as one of the most important and common classes of natural products which possess multiple range of health-promotion effects including anti-inflammatory and antioxidant activities. A plethora of scientific evidences has shown that polyphenolic compounds possess beneficial effects on the central nervous system...
March 25, 2016: Current Neuropharmacology
A V Timofeieva, T M Klimova, A E Mikhailova, R N Zakharova, S P Vinokurova, L F Timofeiev
The article considers results of single-step study in random sampling of female students of the M.K. Ammosov north-east federal university (n=456). The study was carried out to investigate somatotype and functional state of circulatory system. The standard technique was applied to measure height, body mass, chest circumference, level of arterial pressure and rate of heart beats. The type of somatotype was established using Pignet index. The tone of vegetative system was determined using Kérdö index. The adaptation potential of circulatory system was determined using functional changes index...
September 2015: Problemy Sot︠s︡ialʹnoĭ Gigieny, Zdravookhranenii︠a︡ i Istorii Medit︠s︡iny
Andrew J Pellatt, Martha L Slattery, Lila E Mullany, Roger K Wolff, Daniel F Pellatt
BACKGROUND: Although the association between diet and disease is well documented, the biologic mechanisms involved have not been entirely elucidated. In this study, we evaluate how dietary intake influences gene expression to better understand the underlying mechanisms through which diet operates. METHODS: We used data from 144 individuals who had comprehensive dietary intake and gene expression data from RNAseq using normal colonic mucosa. Using the DESeq2 statistical package, we identified genes that showed statistically significant differences in expression between individuals in high-intake and low-intake categories for several dietary variables of interest adjusting for age and sex...
June 2016: Pharmacogenetics and Genomics
B Koichubekov, M Sorokina
BACKGROUND: Stress can cause hypertension through repeated blood pressure elevation. It stimulates nervous system to produce large amounts of vasoconstricting hormones, which increase blood pressure. Early studies demonstrate that heart rate variability biofeedback (HRV-BF) sessions reduce the perceived stress. Our aim was to investigate whether HRV-BF results have equivalent effects on autonomic cardiovascular responses control during stressful conditions in hypertensives. METHODS: For this study fifty men, ages 40 to 60, with stage 1 hypertension, were observed while taking antihypertensive drugs...
December 2015: Annales de Cardiologie et D'angéiologie
I V Boytsov, T E Belousova
The article deals with a new medical technhique for the assessment of autonomic regulation of internal systems and skin. We suggest investigating skin sympathetic nervous activity by the method of electrodermal testing of skin sympathetic reactions. It has been showed that current of 200-250 microamperes and 12 volts is optimal for testing the skin sympathetic responses in adult patients. We observed 12 groups of patients with various diseases and a control group of apparently healthy people. Each of the experimental groups consisted of people with severe or moderately severe pathology of a certain type of visceral system which caused significant functional or structural disorders in the tissue of some organ...
November 2015: Fiziologiia Cheloveka
B S Litvintsev, M M Odinak, I V Litvinenko, A Yu Goncharenko, A D Petrov, A P Kovalenko
Standard neurological examination was performed in 85 patients of military service age (the average age was 32,6±5,3 years - from 19 to 44 years) with a confirmed diagnosis of substance abuse, caused by the use of narcotic drugs and psychotropic substances: cocaine and amphetamine in 12 patients, opioids - in 73 patienls. Some symptoms of nervous system damage had statistically characteristic peculiarities for different forms of substance abuse. Mydriasis, signs a bilateral pyramidal insufficiency, hyperkinetic disorder are often characteristic for cocaine and amphetamine abuse...
August 2015: Voenno-medit︠s︡inskiĭ Zhurnal
Touqeer Ahmed, William N Setzer, Seyed Fazel Nabavi, Ilkay Erdogan Orhan, Nady Braidy, Eduardo Sobarzo-Sanchez, Seyed Mohammad Nabavi
Multiple lines of evidence suggest that disease-related neurodegeneration seems to be a multifactorial process that involves different cytotoxic pathways converging in cell death. Neuropathological evidence indicates that neuroinflammation, excitotoxicity, redox-active metals, increased reactive oxygen and nitrogen species, abnormalities in the activity of the ubiquitin-proteasome system, impairments in endogenous antioxidant defense mechanisms, mitochondrial dysfunction, as well as a reduction in the expression of trophic factors in neuronal tissues might play a role in the pathobiology of disease...
2016: Current Pharmaceutical Design
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