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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679428/estimating-sensitivity-of-seabed-habitats-to-disturbance-by-bottom-trawling-based-on-the-longevity-of-benthic-fauna
#1
Adriaan D Rijnsdorp, Stefan G Bolam, Clement Garcia, Jan Geert Hiddink, Niels T Hintzen, P Daniel van Denderen, Tobias van Kooten
Bottom fishing such as trawling and dredging may pose serious risks to the seabed and benthic habitats, calling for a quantitative assessment method to evaluate the impact and guide management to develop mitigation measures. We provide a method to estimate the sensitivity of benthic habitats based on the longevity composition of the invertebrate community. We hypothesize that long-lived species are more sensitive to trawling mortality due to their lower pace of life (i.e. slower growth, late maturation). We analyse data from box-core and grab samples taken from 401 stations in the English Channel and southern North Sea to estimate the habitat-specific longevity composition of the benthic invertebrate community and of specific functional groups (i...
April 20, 2018: Ecological Applications: a Publication of the Ecological Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678232/type-i-and-type-ii-cytokine-production-of-cd4-t-cells-in-immune-response-biased-dairy-cattle-around-calving
#2
M A Paibomesai, S Sharif, N Karrow, B A Mallard
The peripartum period is a period of high stress, transition and management changes for dairy cows. It is associated with higher incidence of both metabolic and pathogenic disease. Both antibody-(AMIR) and cell-(CMIR) mediated immune responses play a key role in the maintenance of health in mammals protecting against extracellular and intracellular pathogens, respectively. Generally, interferon gamma (IFN-γ) has been associated with CMIR, whereas interleukin 4 (IL-4) has been associated with AMIR bias, and interleukin 17 (IL-17A) is associated with pro-inflammatory...
May 2018: Veterinary Immunology and Immunopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677595/bioherbicides-current-knowledge-on-weed-control-mechanism
#3
REVIEW
Ramalingam Radhakrishnan, Abdulaziz A Alqarawi, Elsayed Fathi Abd Allah
Weed control is a challenging event during crop cultivation. Integrated management, including the application of bioherbicides, is an emerging method for weed control in sustainable agriculture. Plant extracts, allelochemicals and some microbes are utilized as bioherbicides to control weed populations. Bioherbicides based on plants and microbes inhibit the germination and growth of weeds; however,few studies conducted in weed physiology. This review ascribes the current knowledge of the physiological changes in weeds that occur during the exposure to bioherbicides...
April 17, 2018: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676545/hemorheologic-alterations-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-presented-with-an-acute-myocardial-infarction
#4
Kyu Hwan Park, Ung Kim, Kang Un Choi, Jong Ho Nam, Jung Hee Lee, Chan Hee Lee, Jang Won Son, Jong Seon Park, Dong Gu Shin, Kyu Chang Won, Jun Sung Moon, Yu Kyung Kim, Jang Soo Suh
BACKGROUND: Hemorheologic indices are known to be related to vascular complications in variable clinical settings. However, little is known about the associations between hemorheologic parameters and acute myocardial infarction (AMI) in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). The purpose of this study was to demonstrate the changes of hemorheologic environment inside of blood using hemorheologic parameters, especially the elongation index (EI) and critical shear stress (CSS) in diabetics with versus without AMI...
April 2018: Diabetes & Metabolism Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676228/glaucoma-pathogenesis-and-neurotrophins-focus-on-the-molecular-and-genetic-basis-for-therapeutic-prospects
#5
Nitin Chitranshi, Yogita Dheer, Mojdeh Abbasi, Yuyi You, Stuart L Graham, Vivek Gupta
BACKGROUND: Retinal ganglion cell (RGC) degeneration is a major feature of glaucoma pathology. Neuroprotective approaches that delay or halt the progression of RGC loss are needed to prevent vision loss which can occur even after conventional medical or surgical treatments to lower intraocular pressure. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this review was to examine the progress in genetics and cellular mechanisms associated with endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress, RGC dysfunction and cell death pathways in glaucoma...
April 19, 2018: Current Neuropharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676216/developing-a-compassionate-culture-within-pediatric-rehabilitation-does-the-schwartz-rounds%C3%A2-support-both-clinical-and-nonclinical-hospital-workers-in-managing-their-work-experiences
#6
Keith Adamson, Sonia Sengsavang, Sakeena Myers-Halbig, Nancy Searl
Schwartz Rounds™ offers an interprofessional forum for staff to openly engage in discussions about social-emotional aspects of care. We aimed to assess the perceived impact of Rounds in the health care context of pediatric rehabilitation, as well as a comparative analysis of how Rounds affected clinical versus nonclinical staff. Does effect on perceived outcomes was also investigated. Data were collected from 29 hospital staff (15 clinicians, 14 nonclinicians) who attended one, two, or three+ Rounds via semistructured interviews...
April 1, 2018: Qualitative Health Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674774/-psychiatrist-burnout-or-psychiatric-assistance-burnout
#7
Vincenzo Manna, Francesca Dicuonzo
In recent years, mature industrial countries are rapidly changing from production economies to service economies. In this new socio-economic context, particular attention has been paid to mental health problems in the workplace. The risk of burnout is significantly higher for certain occupations, in particular for health workers. Doctors and psychiatrists, in particular, quite frequently have to make quick decisions by dealing with a huge amount of requests, which often require considerable assumptions of responsibility...
March 2018: Rivista di Psichiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674159/abiotic-factors-affect-the-recruitment-and-biomass-of-perennial-grass-and-evergreen-shrub-seedlings-in-denuded-areas-of-patagonian-monte-rangelands
#8
Tomás Bosco, Mónica Beatriz Bertiller, Analía Lorena Carrera
Assessing the ability of key species to cope with environmental stresses in disturbed areas is an important issue for recovery of degraded arid ecosystem. Our objective was to evaluate the effect of soil moisture, exposure to UV radiation, and presence/absence of litter with different chemistry on soil N, recruitment and biomass of seedlings of perennial grass (Poa ligularis and Nassella tenuis) and evergreen shrub species (Atriplex lampa and Larrea divaricata) in denuded areas. We carried out a microcosm experiment with soil blocks (28 cm depth) sowed with seeds of the target species, subjected to different levels of litter type (perennial grass-evergreen shrub mixture, evergreen shrub mixture, and no litter), UV radiation (near ambient and reduced UV), and soil water (high: 15-25% and low 5-15%)...
April 16, 2018: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673218/developing-an-extended-model-of-the-relation-between-work-motivation-and-health-as-affected-by-the-work-ability-as-part-of-a-corporate-age-management-approach
#9
Annemarie Feißel, Richard Peter, Enno Swart, Stefanie March
Due to demographic changes, the employee structure in companies is changing dramatically. It will be necessary to offer employees suitable, age-adequate jobs. As one of its foremost goals, optimized business management strategies must create conditions for guaranteeing a person’s health, work ability, and work motivation. In the context of corporate age management concepts, the literature recommends to retain and integrate older employees in the organization. This paper aims at developing an extended model of the relation between work motivation and health as affected by work ability and at deriving a host of measures that enterprises can apply as part of a corporate age management policy to counteract the impact of demographic changes...
April 17, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672963/butein-protects-the-nonalcoholic-fatty-liver-through-mitochondrial-reactive-oxygen-species-attenuation-in-rats
#10
Ghedeir M Alshammari, Aristatile Balakrishnan, Thirunavukkarasu Chinnasamy
One of the worldwide metabolic health dilemma is nonalcoholic fatty liver diseases (NAFLD). Researchers are searching effective drug to manage NAFLD patients. One of the best way to manage the metabolic imperfection is through natural principal isolated from different sources. Butein, a natural compound known to have numerous pharmacological application. In the current study we assessed the therapeutic effect of butein administration on liver function tests, oxidative stress, antioxidants, lipid abnormalities, serum inflammatory cytokines, and mitochondrial reactive oxygen species levels, in rats with methionine-choline deficient (MCD) diet induced NAFLD...
April 19, 2018: BioFactors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671770/association-between-sleep-duration-and-perceived-stress-salaried-worker-in-circumstances-of-high-workload
#11
Dong-Woo Choi, Sung-Youn Chun, Sang Ah Lee, Kyu-Tae Han, Eun-Cheol Park
The aim of this study was to find the association between sleep duration and perceived stress in salaried workers according to occupational categories and which lifestyle factors affected those correlations in South Korea. This study used data from the 2015 Community Health Survey (CHS). The self-reported sleep duration was used as the dependent variable in this study. We explored sleep duration and stress awareness among salaried workers, as well as household income and educational level with multiple logistic regression analysis...
April 19, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671647/deep-brain-stimulation-for-trigeminal-autonomic-cephalalgias
#12
Giuseppe Messina, Giovanni Broggi, Vincenzo Levi, Angelo Franzini
Deep brain stimulation (DBS) of the posterior hypothalamic region (pHyr) has been shown to be efficacious for more than a half of patients suffering from trigeminal autonomic cephalalgias (TACs); nonetheless, controversies about the mechanisms of action and the actual site of stimulation have arisen in recent years. Areas covered: Firstly, a review of the most recent literature on the subject is presented, stressing the critical points that could, in the future, make a difference for optimal management of patients afflicted by these life-threating diseases...
April 19, 2018: Expert Review of Neurotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671490/common-running-injuries-evaluation-and-management
#13
Michael J Arnold, Aaron L Moody
Running is a common form of exercise but predisposes athletes to several running-related injuries. Most running injuries are due to overuse and respond to conservative treatment. Tendinopathies in the patellar, Achilles, and hamstring tendons are common, and are primarily treated with eccentric exercise. Iliotibial band syndrome and patellofemoral pain syndrome are less common than patellar tendinopathy and are treated by strengthening exercises for the core and legs in addition to flexibility exercises. Acute hamstring strains and medial tibial stress syndrome require a period of relative rest, followed by stretching and graded return to activity...
April 15, 2018: American Family Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671281/validation-of-caregiver-centered-delirium-detection-tools-a-systematic-review
#14
REVIEW
Brianna Rosgen, Karla Krewulak, Danielle Demiantschuk, E Wesley Ely, Judy E Davidson, Henry T Stelfox, Kirsten M Fiest
OBJECTIVES: To summarize the validity of caregiver-centered delirium detection tools in hospitalized adults and assess associated patient and caregiver outcomes. DESIGN: Systematic review. SETTING: We searched MEDLINE, EMBASE, PsycINFO, CINAHL, and Scopus from inception to May 15, 2017. PARTICIPANTS: Hospitalized adults. INTERVENTION: Caregiver-centered delirium detection tools. MEASUREMENTS: We drafted a protocol from the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses guidelines...
April 18, 2018: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671210/indian-ginseng-withania-somnifera-supplementation-ameliorates-oxidative-stress-and-mitochondrial-dysfunctions-in-experimental-model-of-stroke
#15
Abhilasha Sood, Arpit Mehrotra, Devinder K Dhawan, Rajat Sandhir
Stroke is an increasingly prevalent clinical condition and second leading cause of death globally. The present study evaluated the therapeutic potential of Indian Ginseng, also known as Withania somnifera (WS), supplementation on middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) induced mitochondrial dysfunctions in experimental model of ischemic stroke. Stroke was induced in animals by occluding the middle cerebral artery, followed by reperfusion injury. Ischemia reperfusion injury resulted in increased oxidative stress indicated by increased reactive oxygen species and protein carbonyl levels; compromised antioxidant system; in terms of reduced superoxide dismutase and catalase activity, along with reduction in GSH levels and the redox ratio, impaired mitochondrial functions and enhanced expression of apoptosis markers...
April 18, 2018: Metabolic Brain Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29670899/guava-leaf-extract-diminishes-hyperglycemia-and-oxidative-stress-prevents-%C3%AE-cell-death-inhibits-inflammation-and-regulates-nf-kb-signaling-pathway-in-stz-induced-diabetic-rats
#16
Muthukumaran Jayachandran, Ramachandran Vinayagam, Ranga Rao Ambati, Baojun Xu, Stephen Sum Man Chung
Traditional Chinese medication has been utilized by Chinese medical practitioners to treat the varied symptoms of diabetes mellitus (DM). Notably, guava leaf has been used to treat diabetes in Asia. Our present study has been designed to analyze the action of guava leaf extract (GLE) at the molecular level in treating DM. A low dose of streptozotocin (STZ) was used to induce experimental diabetes in animals. Rats were treated with GLE at different concentrations (100, 200, and 400 mg/kg b.w.). The standard drug glibenclamide (GB) (600  μ g/kg b...
2018: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29670638/current-models-for-transcriptional-regulation-of-secondary-cell-wall-biosynthesis-in-grasses
#17
REVIEW
Xiaolan Rao, Richard A Dixon
Secondary cell walls mediate many crucial biological processes in plants including mechanical support, water and nutrient transport and stress management. They also provide an abundant resource of renewable feed, fiber, and fuel. The grass family contains the most important food, forage, and biofuel crops. Understanding the regulatory mechanism of secondary wall formation in grasses is necessary for exploiting these plants for agriculture and industry. Previous research has established a detailed model of the secondary wall regulatory network in the dicot model species Arabidopsis thaliana ...
2018: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29670462/protective-effects-of-hydroxychloroquine-against-accelerated-atherosclerosis-in-systemic-lupus-erythematosus
#18
REVIEW
Alberto Floris, Matteo Piga, Arduino Aleksander Mangoni, Alessandra Bortoluzzi, Gian Luca Erre, Alberto Cauli
Cardiovascular (CV) morbidity and mortality are a challenge in management of patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). Higher risk of CV disease in SLE patients is mostly related to accelerated atherosclerosis. Nevertheless, high prevalence of traditional cardiovascular risk factors in SLE patients does not fully explain the increased CV risk. Despite the pathological bases of accelerated atherosclerosis are not fully understood, it is thought that this process is driven by the complex interplay between SLE and atherosclerosis pathogenesis...
2018: Mediators of Inflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29670384/screening-and-management-of-gestational-diabetes-in-mexico-results-from-a-survey-of-multilocation-multi-health-care-institution-practitioners
#19
Livia Dainelli, Alberto Prieto-Patron, Irma Silva-Zolezzi, Sandra G Sosa-Rubi, Salvador Espino Y Sosa, Enrique Reyes-Muñoz, Ruy Lopez-Ridaura, Patrick Detzel
Purpose: To identify the most common practices implemented for the screening and treatment of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) and to estimate the GDM clinician-reported proportion as a proxy of the incidence in Mexico. Materials and methods: Three hundred fifty-seven physicians in four major cities were asked about their practices regarding GDM screening, treatment, clinical exams, and health care staff involved in case of GDM diagnosis, as well as the percentage of women with GDM they care for...
2018: Diabetes, Metabolic Syndrome and Obesity: Targets and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669617/does-a-modified-mindfulness-based-cognitive-therapy-mbct-course-have-the-potential-to-reduce-stress-and-burnout-in-nhs-gps-feasibility-study
#20
Kate Hamilton-West, Tracy Pellatt-Higgins, Neil Pillai
AimTo explore, for the first time, whether a modified mindfulness-based cognitive therapy (MBCT) course has the potential to reduce stress and burnout among National Health Service (NHS) General Practitioners. BACKGROUND: There is a crisis of low morale among NHS GPs, with most describing their workload as 'unmanageable'. MBCT has been demonstrated to improve stress and burnout in other populations, but has not yet been evaluated in a cohort of NHS GPs. METHODS: NHS GPs in South East England (n=22) attended a modified version of the MBCT course approved by National Institute for Health and Care Excellence for prevention of depressive relapse...
April 19, 2018: Primary Health Care Research & Development
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