keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

stress management

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046004/-coronary-computed-tomography-angiography-in-patients-with-stable-coronary-artery-disease
#1
Helen Ullrich, Tommaso Gori
The guidelines on the management of stable coronary artery disease (SCAD) recommend the use of coronary computed tomography angiography (CTA) in the process of diagnosing coronary artery disease in patients with low intermediate pre-test probability for SCAD. Particularly in cases where stress electrocardiogram or stress imaging provides unclear results, a computed tomographic examination can be considered as a reliable alternative to invasive coronary angiography. Due to its high negative predictive value, coronary CTA can provide accurate information on the presence of coronary artery stenosis and thus coronary artery disease can be reliably excluded without the risks associated with invasive procedures...
October 2017: Deutsche Medizinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045932/modulation-of-sestrin-confers-protection-to-cr-vi-induced-neuronal-cell-death-in-drosophila-melanogaster
#2
Pallavi Singh, D Kar Chowdhuri
Increased oxidative stress is one of the major causes of hexavalent chromium [Cr(VI)], a heavy metal with diverse applications and environmental presence, induced neuronal adversities in exposed organism including Drosophila. Sestrin (sesn), an oxidative stress responsive gene, emerges as a novel player in the management of oxidative stress response. It is reported to be regulated by Target of rapamycin (TOR) and the former regulates autophagy and plays an important role in the prevention of neurodegeneration...
October 7, 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045895/cgas-micro-manages-genotoxic-stress
#3
Mona Motwani, Katherine A Fitzgerald
Maintenance of genome integrity is essential to prevent cancer. Genotoxic stress drives damaged DNA out of the nucleus by forming micronuclei. Two studies in Nature reveal how the cytosolic DNA sensor cGAS gains access to the cargo within micronuclei to drive type I IFN responses.
October 17, 2017: Immunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045637/effects-of-feeding-on-different-host-plants-and-diets-on-bradysia-odoriphaga-population-parameters-and-tolerance-to-heat-and-insecticides
#4
Guodong Zhu, Yin Luo, Ming Xue, Haipeng Zhao, Xia Sun, Xinhui Wang, John Trumble
Bradysia odoriphaga Yang et Zhang, the Chinese chive root maggot, is a devastating pest of agricultural plants causing significant losses in vegetable crops, edible mushrooms, and humus. To determine the effects of feeding on different host plants and diets on the life parameters of B. odoriphaga and its tolerance to stressful conditions, we analyzed the life-table data of B. odoriphaga reared on Chinese chive (Allium hookeri), Welsh onion (Allium fistulosum), garlic (Allium sativum), oyster mushroom (Pleurotus ostreatus), and humus and assayed its tolerance to heat and insecticides...
October 17, 2017: Journal of Economic Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045260/encopresis-plus
#5
DePorres Cormier, Marie Reilly, Amy Young, Marilyn Augustyn
Dexter is a 12-year-old boy who presents with his maternal grandmother for follow-up to primary care for secondary encopresis. Dexter presented, 18 months ago, with a 3-month history of secondary encopresis. At that time, a comprehensive assessment revealed functional constipation resulting in encopresis. Dexter's symptoms resolved with a combination of medication management and behavioral strategies; laxatives were discontinued 12 months ago.Dexter's grandmother reports that for the past 6 months, her grandson developed encopresis once again...
October 17, 2017: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044123/ire1%C3%AE-xbp1s-branch-of-upr-links-hif1%C3%AE-activation-to-mediate-angii-dependent-endothelial-dysfunction-under-particulate-matter-pm-2-5-exposure
#6
Xiuduan Xu, Aodeng Qimuge, Hongli Wang, Chen Xing, Ye Gu, Shasha Liu, Huan Xu, Meiru Hu, Lun Song
Short- and long-term exposure to particulate matter (PM) 2.5 instigates adverse health effect upon the cardiovascular (CV) system. Disclosing the molecular events by which PM2.5 evokes CV injuries is essential in developing effective risk-reduction strategy. Here we found that rats after intratracheally instillation with PM2.5 displayed increased circulating level of ANGII, the major bioactive peptide in renin-angiotensin-system (RAS), which resulted from the elevation of ANGII production in the vascular endothelium...
October 18, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043285/the-relationship-between-health-locus-of-control-and-health-behaviors-in-emergency-medicine-personnel
#7
Mansour Pourhoseinzadeh, Mahin Gheibizadeh, Mehrnaz Moradikalboland
BACKGROUND: Health locus of control defined as individual beliefs based on past experiences in health issues and having external or internal control over them, could affect health. Health locus of control plays a role in health behaviors. We aimed to investigate the relationship between health locus of control and health behavior in emergency medical personnel in Ahvaz during 2016. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional descriptive study, which began in August 2016 for a period of six months on 215 emergency medical personnel in Ahvaz who were selected randomly...
October 2017: International Journal of Community Based Nursing and Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042886/effects-of-group-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-in-young-patients-in-the-early-stage-of-psychosis
#8
Sung-Wan Kim, Ji-Eun Jang, Ju-Yeon Lee, Ga-Young Lee, Hye-Young Yu, Cheol Park, Hee-Ju Kang, Jae-Min Kim, Jin-Sang Yoon
OBJECTIVE: To develop a model of group cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) for Korean patients with early psychosis. METHODS: The group CBT utilized in the present study consisted of metacognitive training, cognitive restructuring, and lifestyle managements. The Subjective Well-being Under Neuroleptics (SWN-K), Ambiguous Intentions Hostility Questionnaire (AIHQ), Drug Attitude Inventory (DAI), Beck Depression Inventory (BDI), Perceived Stress Scale (PSS), and Clinical Global Impression (CGI) were administered prior to and after CBT sessions...
September 2017: Psychiatry Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042826/clinical-reasoning-and-knowledge-management-in-final-year-medical-students-the-role-of-student-led-grand-rounds
#9
David Arumaisingam Kandiah
OBJECTIVES: The development of clinical reasoning and decision-making skills is often limited in medical school curricula. In reality, medical graduates acquire these skills during their first few years of residency. For many, this can be stressful as they may be working under limited supervision as a part of their rotations. METHODS: Student-led Grand Rounds was developed to transfer both explicit and tacit knowledge to final year medical students. This pilot project was to apply the principles of knowledge management to allow students to be exposed to the reasoning and decision making of common clinical presentations...
2017: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042743/necrotizing-ulcerative-gingivitis
#10
Rayhana Malek, Amina Gharibi, Nadia Khlil, Jamila Kissa
Necrotizing ulcerative gingivitis (NUG) is a typical form of periodontal diseases. It has an acute clinical presentation with the distinctive characteristics of rapid onset of interdental gingival necrosis, gingival pain, bleeding, and halitosis. Systemic symptoms such as lymphadenopathy and malaise could be also found. There are various predisposing factors such as stress, nutritional deficiencies, and immune system dysfunctions, especially, HIV infection that seems to play a major role in the pathogenesis of NUG...
July 2017: Contemporary Clinical Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042581/immunoproteasome-subunit-%C3%A3-5i-lmp7-deficiency-in-atherosclerosis
#11
Bernd Hewing, Antje Ludwig, Cristian Dan, Max Pötzsch, Carmen Hannemann, Andreas Petry, Dilyara Lauer, Agnes Görlach, Elena Kaschina, Dominik N Müller, Gert Baumann, Verena Stangl, Karl Stangl, Nicola Wilck
Management of protein homeostasis by the ubiquitin-proteasome system is critical for atherosclerosis development. Recent studies showed controversial results on the role of immunoproteasome (IP) subunit β5i/LMP7 in maintenance of protein homeostasis under cytokine induced oxidative stress. The present study aimed to investigate the effect of β5i/LMP7-deficiency on the initiation and progression of atherosclerosis as a chronic inflammatory, immune cell driven disease. LDLR(-/-)LMP7(-/-) and LDLR(-/-) mice were fed a Western-type diet for either 6 or 24 weeks to induce early and advanced stage atherosclerosis, respectively...
October 17, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042518/evolutionary-genomics-of-grape-vitis-vinifera-ssp-vinifera-domestication
#12
Yongfeng Zhou, Mélanie Massonnet, Jaleal S Sanjak, Dario Cantu, Brandon S Gaut
We gathered genomic data from grapes (Vitis vinifera ssp. vinifera), a clonally propagated perennial crop, to address three ongoing mysteries about plant domestication. The first is the duration of domestication; archaeological evidence suggests that domestication occurs over millennia, but genetic evidence indicates that it can occur rapidly. We estimated that our wild and cultivated grape samples diverged ∼22,000 years ago and that the cultivated lineage experienced a steady decline in population size (Ne ) thereafter...
October 17, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042341/pain-self-management-for-veterans-development-and-pilot-test-of-a-stage-based-mobile-optimized-intervention
#13
Sara S Johnson, Deborah A Levesque, Lynne E Broderick, Dustin G Bailey, Robert D Kerns
BACKGROUND: Chronic pain is a significant public health burden affecting more Americans than cardiovascular disease, diabetes, and cancer combined. Veterans are disproportionately affected by chronic pain. Among previously deployed soldiers and veterans, the prevalence of chronic pain is estimated between 44% and 60%. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this research was to develop and pilot-test Health eRide: Your Journey to Managing Pain, a mobile pain self-management program for chronic musculoskeletal pain for veterans...
October 17, 2017: JMIR Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042137/occurrence-and-indicators-of-pharmaceuticals-in-chinese-streams-a-nationwide-study
#14
Bo Yao, Shuwen Yan, Lushi Lian, Xin Yang, Chunli Wan, Hengtao Dong, Weihua Song
Pharmaceutically active compounds (PhACs) are excreted by humans and animals and released into the aquatic environment through wastewater, which can have potential negative impacts on ecological systems. To conduct a nationwide investigation of the occurrence of PhACs in water resources in China, an analytical procedure based on solid-phase extraction (SPE) and LC-MS/MS was used to measure 45 PhACs in surface water samples from a network of 29 rivers across 31 provinces in China in 2014 and 2015. PhACs were prevalent in all sampled streams...
October 14, 2017: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042130/a-decay-of-the-adaptive-capacity-of-the-unfolded-protein-response-exacerbates-alzheimer-s-disease
#15
Yannis Gerakis, Claudio Hetz
Alterations in the buffering capacity of the proteostasis network are a salient feature of Alzheimer's disease, associated with the occurrence of chronic endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress. To cope with ER stress, cells activate the unfolded protein response (UPR), a signal transduction pathway that enforces adaptive programs through the induction of transcription factors such as X-box binding protein 1 (XBP1). A new study by Marcora et al used a fly model to study amyloid β pathogenesis in the secretory pathway of neurons...
September 22, 2017: Neurobiology of Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040830/combined-toxicity-of-prevalent-mycotoxins-studied-in-fish-cell-line-and-zebrafish-larvae-revealed-that-type-of-interactions-is-dose-dependent
#16
Hongyuan Zhou, Saji George, Caixia Li, Subramaniam Gurusamy, Xiulan Sun, Zhiyuan Gong, He Qian
While, Aflatoxin B1 (AFB1), deoxynivalenol (DON) and zearalenone (ZEN) are the most prevalent mycotoxins co-existing in grain products and animal feeds, little is known about their combinatorial toxicities on aquatic life-forms. We studied the individual and combined effects of these mycotoxins in a fish cell line (BF-2) and zebrafish larvae (wild-type and transgenic). The types of interactions in mycotoxins combinations on cell viability were determined by using Chou-Talalay model. Induction of oxidative stress pathway in mycotoxins-exposed BF-2 cells was assessed using high content screening (HCS)...
October 3, 2017: Aquatic Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040553/longitudinal-depression-or-anxiety-in-mothers-and-offspring-asthma-a-swedish-population-based-study
#17
Bronwyn K Brew, Cecilia Lundholm, Alexander Viktorin, Paul Lichtenstein, Henrik Larsson, Catarina Almqvist
Background: Previous research has found that maternal stress during pregnancy increases the risk of offspring asthma. However, whether this association is consistent with a causal interpretation has never been tested. The objective is to determine whether there is a critical exposure period for maternal depression or anxiety on offspring asthma or whether cumulative exposure is most important, and to investigate evidence of confounding. Methods: The study population included all children born in Sweden from July 2006 to December 2009 (n = 360 526)...
September 23, 2017: International Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040214/untreated-relative-hypotension-measured-as-perfusion-pressure-deficit-during-management-of-shock-and-new-onset-acute-kidney-injury-a-literature-review
#18
Rakshit Panwar
Maintaining an optimal blood pressure (BP) during shock is a fundamental tenet of critical care. Optimal BP targets maybe different for different patients. In current practice, too often, uniform BP targets are pursued which may result in inadvertently accepting a degree of untreated relative hypotension i.e., the deficit between patients' usual pre-morbid basal BP and the achieved BP, during vasopressor support. Relative hypotension is a common but an under-recognized and an under-treated sign among patients with potential shock state...
October 16, 2017: Shock
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29039681/complementary-and-alternative-medicine-services-in-the-military-health-system
#19
Patricia M Herman, Melony E Sorbero, Ann C Sims-Columbia
OBJECTIVES: Surveys of military personnel indicate substantial use of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) that possibly exceeds use in the general U.S. POPULATION: Although military treatment facilities (MTFs) are known to offer CAM, surveys do not indicate where service members receive this care. This study offers a comprehensive system-wide accounting of the types of CAM offered across the military health system (MHS), the conditions for which it is used, and its level of use...
October 17, 2017: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29039285/prospective-risk-factors-for-post-deployment-heavy-drinking-and-alcohol-or-substance-use-disorder-among-us-army-soldiers
#20
Laura Campbell-Sills, Robert J Ursano, Ronald C Kessler, Xiaoying Sun, Steven G Heeringa, Matthew K Nock, Nancy A Sampson, Sonia Jain, Murray B Stein
BACKGROUND: Investigations of drinking behavior across military deployment cycles are scarce, and few prospective studies have examined risk factors for post-deployment alcohol misuse. METHODS: Prevalence of alcohol misuse was estimated among 4645 US Army soldiers who participated in a longitudinal survey. Assessment occurred 1-2 months before soldiers deployed to Afghanistan in 2012 (T0), upon their return to the USA (T1), 3 months later (T2), and 9 months later (T3)...
October 17, 2017: Psychological Medicine
keyword
keyword
25642
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"