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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471468/working-conditions-and-stress-in-the-english-education-system
#1
J M Ravalier, J Walsh
Background: The UK education sector has among the highest level of stress sickness absence of all occupations. However, investigations of psychosocial working conditions which contribute to stress, including behaviour of students and parents, has not been conducted. Aims: To investigate the psychosocial working conditions and prevalence of negative parental and student behaviour in a large sample of school teachers and college lecturers based in England. In addition, to assess the influence of working conditions, student behaviour and parental behaviour on perceived stress...
February 17, 2018: Occupational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471260/stress-underestimation-and-mental-health-literacy-of-depression-in-japanese-workers-a-cross-sectional-study
#2
Nanako Nakamura-Taira, Shuhei Izawa, Kosuke Chris Yamada
Appropriately estimating stress levels in daily life is important for motivating people to undertake stress-management behaviors or seek out information on stress management and mental health. People who exhibit high stress underestimation might not be interested in information on mental health, and would therefore have less knowledge of it. We investigated the association between stress underestimation tendency and mental health literacy of depression (i.e., knowledge of the recognition, prognosis, and usefulness of resources of depression) in Japanese workers...
January 2, 2018: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471102/high-fructose-diet-induced-metabolic-syndrome-pathophysiological-mechanism-and-treatment-by-traditional-chinese-medicine
#3
REVIEW
Ying Pan, Ling-Dong Kong
Fructose is a natural monosaccharide broadly used in modern society. Over the past few decades, epidemiological studies have demonstrated that high fructose intake is an etiological factor of metabolic syndrome (MetS). This review highlights research advances on fructose-induced MetS, especially the underlying pathophysiological mechanism as well as pharmacotherapy by traditional Chinese medicine (TCM), using the PubMed, Web of science, China National Knowledge Infrastructure, China Science and Technology Journal and Wanfang Data...
February 19, 2018: Pharmacological Research: the Official Journal of the Italian Pharmacological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29470806/screening-of-over-1000-indian-patients-with-breast-and-or-ovarian-cancer-with-a-multi-gene-panel-prevalence-of-brca1-2-and-non-brca-mutations
#4
Jaya Singh, Nishita Thota, Suhasini Singh, Shila Padhi, Puja Mohan, Shivani Deshwal, Soumit Sur, Mithua Ghosh, Amit Agarwal, Ramesh Sarin, Rosina Ahmed, Sachin Almel, Basumita Chakraborti, Vinod Raina, Praveen K DadiReddy, B K Smruti, Senthil Rajappa, Chandragouda Dodagoudar, Shyam Aggarwal, Manish Singhal, Ashish Joshi, Rajeev Kumar, Ajai Kumar, Deepak K Mishra, Neeraj Arora, Aarati Karaba, Satish Sankaran, Shanmukh Katragadda, Arunabha Ghosh, Vamsi Veeramachaneni, Ramesh Hariharan, Ashraf U Mannan
PURPOSE: Breast and/or ovarian cancers are among the most common cancers in women across the world. In the Indian population, the healthcare burden of breast and/or ovarian cancers has been steadily rising, thus stressing the need for early detection, surveillance, and disease management measures. However, the burden attributable to inherited mutations is not well characterized. METHODS: We sequenced 1010 unrelated patients and families from across India with an indication of breast and/or ovarian cancers, using the TruSight Cancer panel which includes 14 genes, strongly associated with risk of hereditary breast and/or ovarian cancers...
February 22, 2018: Breast Cancer Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29470546/computer-simulations-reveal-changes-in-the-conformational-space-of-the-transcriptional-regulator-mosr-upon-the-formation-of-a-disulphide-bond-and-in-the-collective-motions-that-regulate-its-dna-binding-affinity
#5
Amanda Souza Câmara, Eduardo Horjales
M. tuberculosis oxidation sense Regulator (MosR) is a transcriptional regulator from Mycobacterium tuberculosis. It senses the environment oxidation and regulates the expression of a secreted oxidoreductase, thus defending the bacilli against oxidative stress from the phagosome. While most of the members of the Multiple antibiotics resistance Regulator (MarR) family are ligand-responsive, MosR may dissociate from its DNA site upon formation of an intrachain disulphide bond. However, the structure of MosR in its oxidized state is not known, and it is not clear how the formation of this disulphide bond would lead to the conformational changes required for dissociation of the DNA...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29470435/creative-arts-interventions-for-stress-management-and-prevention-a-systematic-review
#6
REVIEW
Lily Martin, Renate Oepen, Katharina Bauer, Alina Nottensteiner, Katja Mergheim, Harald Gruber, Sabine C Koch
Stress is one of the world's largest health problems, leading to exhaustion, burnout, anxiety, a weak immune system, or even organ damage. In Germany, stress-induced work absenteeism costs about 20 billion Euros per year. Therefore, it is not surprising that the Central Federal Association of the public Health Insurance Funds in Germany ascribes particular importance to stress prevention and stress management as well as health enhancing measures. Building on current integrative and embodied stress theories, Creative Arts Therapies (CATs) or arts interventions are an innovative way to prevent stress and improve stress management...
February 22, 2018: Behavioral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29468975/the-protective-effects-of-green-tea-catechins-in-the-management-of-neurodegenerative-diseases-a-review
#7
Tahereh Farkhondeh, Hanieh Shaterzadeh Yazdi, Saeed Samarghandian
The therapeutic strategies to manage neurodegenerative diseases remain limited and it is necessary to discover new agents for their prevention and control. Oxidative stress and inflammation play a main role in the pathogenesis of neurodegenerative diseases. Catechins, the major flavonoids in green tea, are powerful antioxidants and radical scavengers that possess the potential roles in the management of neurodegenerative diseases. Catechins modulate the cellular and molecular mechanisms through the inflammation-related NF-кB and the nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) signaling pathways...
February 18, 2018: Current Drug Discovery Technologies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29467789/tracking-nitrogen-source-using-%C3%AE-15-n-reveals-human-and-agricultural-drivers-of-seagrass-degradation-across-the-british-isles
#8
Benjamin L Jones, Leanne C Cullen-Unsworth, Richard K F Unsworth
Excess nutrients shift the ecological balance of coastal ecosystems, and this eutrophication is an increasing problem across the globe. Nutrient levels may be routinely measured, but monitoring rarely attempts to determine the source of these nutrients, even though bio-indicators are available. Nitrogen stable isotope analysis in biota is one such bio-indicator, but across the British Isles, this is rarely used. In this study, we provide the first quantitative evidence of the anthropogenic drivers of reduced water quality surrounding seagrass meadows throughout the British Isles using the stable nitrogen isotope δ15 N...
2018: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29467692/actively-coping-with-violation-exploring-upward-dissent-patterns-in-functional-dysfunctional-and-deserted-psychological-contract-end-states
#9
René Schalk, Melanie De Ruiter, Joost Van Loon, Evy Kuijpers, Tine Van Regenmortel
Recently, scholars have emphasized the importance of examining how employees cope with psychological contract violation and how the coping process contributes to psychological contract violation resolution and post-violation psychological contracts. Recent work points to the important role of problem-focused coping. Yet, to date, problem-focused coping strategies have not been conceptualized on a continuum from constructive to destructive strategies. Consequently, potential differences in the use of specific types of problem-focused coping strategies and the role these different strategies play in the violation resolution process has not been explored...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29467024/male-synthetic-sling-versus-artificial-urinary-sphincter-trial-for-men-with-urodynamic-stress-incontinence-after-prostate-surgery-master-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#10
Lynda Constable, Nikki Cotterill, David Cooper, Cathryn Glazener, Marcus J Drake, Mark Forrest, Chris Harding, Mary Kilonzo, Graeme MacLennan, Kirsty McCormack, Alison McDonald, Anthony Mundy, John Norrie, Robert Pickard, Craig Ramsay, Rebecca Smith, Samantha Wileman, Paul Abrams
BACKGROUND: Stress urinary incontinence (SUI) is a frequent adverse effect for men undergoing prostate surgery. A large proportion (around 8% after radical prostatectomy and 2% after transurethral resection of prostate (TURP)) are left with severe disabling incontinence which adversely effects their quality of life and many are reliant on containment measures such as pads (27% and 6% respectively). Surgery is currently the only option for active management of the problem. The overwhelming majority of surgeries for persistent bothersome SUI involve artificial urinary sphincter (AUS) insertion...
February 21, 2018: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29466291/recommendations-and-choices-for-brca-mutation-carriers-at-risk-for-ovarian-cancer-a-complicated-decision
#11
REVIEW
Kelsey E Lewis, Karen H Lu, Amber M Klimczak, Samuel C Mok
Current ovarian cancer screening guidelines in high-risk women vary according to different organizations. Risk reducing surgery remains the gold standard for definitive treatment in BRCA mutation carriers, but research advancements have created more short-term options for patients to consider. The decisions involved in how a woman manages her BRCA mutation status can cause a great deal of stress and worry due to the imperfect therapy options. The goal of this review was to critically analyze the screening recommendations and alternative options for high-risk ovarian cancer patients and evaluate how these discrepancies and choices affect a woman's management decisions...
February 21, 2018: Cancers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29466242/mindfulness-and-meditation-treating-cognitive-impairment-and-reducing-stress-in-dementia
#12
Jesse Russell-Williams, Wafa Jaroudi, Tania Perich, Siobhan Hoscheidt, Mohamad El Haj, Ahmed A Moustafa
This study investigates the relationship between mindfulness, meditation, cognition and stress in people with Alzheimer's disease (AD), dementia, mild cognitive impairment and subjective cognitive decline. Accordingly, we explore how the use of meditation as a behavioural intervention can reduce stress and enhance cognition, which in turn ameliorates some dementia symptoms. A narrative review of the literature was conducted with any studies using meditation as an intervention for dementia or dementia-related memory conditions meeting inclusion criteria...
February 21, 2018: Reviews in the Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29465354/self-reported-childhood-maltreatment-lifelong-traumatic-events-and-mental-disorders-in-american-and-israeli-rheumatoid-arthritis-patients
#13
Rona Merdler-Rabinowicz, Ayal Hassidim, Raneen Hellou, Ilan Merdler, Winfried Hauser, Jacob N Ablin
OBJECTIVES: Psychological stress is thought to play a major role in the development and exacerbation of autoimmune diseases in general, as well as in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) in particular. The aims of the current study are to compare retrospective self-reports of childhood maltreatment and lifetime major life/traumatic experiences of American and Israeli RA patients, using standardised instruments, while adjusting for concomitant mental disorders and psychological distress, in order to rule out their part in the subjective reports, thus addressing the trans-cultural robustness of the association between childhood maltreatment, traumatic experiences and RA...
February 15, 2018: Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29465199/-injury-prevention-while-ensuring-the-airway-during-surgery-in-the-nose-and-sinuses
#14
E V Ivlev, E A Ruben
THE AIM: A comparative analysis of the injuries of upper airways flexible reinforced laryngeal mask and endotracheal intubation by examining the stress response reaction of the cardiovascular system, as well as the frequency and variety of complications. Blood pressure, heart rate, glucose and cortisol, and complications of airway management in children were analyzed. METHODS: The influence of the method of airway management with surgery in nose and sinuses in children in the stress response, hemodynamics, injuries of the airway were studied...
September 2017: Anesteziologiia i Reanimatologiia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29464988/social-support-in-the-workplace-for-physicians-in-specialization-training
#15
Leena Mikkola, Elina Suutala, Heli Parviainen
When becoming a specialist, learning-through-service plays a significant role. The workplace affords good opportunities for learning, but the service-learning period may also impose stress on phycisians in specialization training. In medical work, social support has proved to be a very important factor in managing stress. Social support may afford advantages also for learning and professional identity building. However, little was known about how social support is perceived by doctors in specialization training...
December 2018: Medical Education Online
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29464536/a-specialized-medical-management-program-to-address-post-operative-weight-regain-in-bariatric-patients
#16
Gitanjali Srivastava, Cynthia Buffington
INTRODUCTION: Although bariatric surgery results in massive weight loss, weight regain over time up to as much as 25% is not uncommon. Weight regain in this population often leads to long-term weight loss failure and non-compliance in clinical follow-up and program recommendations. METHODS: We analyzed early weight outcomes at 3 and 6 months of 48 bariatric patients referred to an individualized, multidisciplinary medical management program at the Center for Obesity Medicine (COM) to address weight regain in 2015 and compared to a group of matched non-bariatric patients...
February 20, 2018: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29463513/metabolism-of-the-pacific-oyster-crassostrea-gigas-is-influenced-by-salinity-and-modulates-survival-to-the-ostreid-herpesvirus-oshv-1
#17
Marine Fuhrmann, Lizenn Delisle, Bruno Petton, Charlotte Corporeau, Fabrice Pernet
The Pacific oyster, Crassostrea gigas , is an osmoconforming bivalve exposed to wide salinity fluctuations. The physiological mechanisms used by oysters to cope with salinity stress are energy demanding and may impair other processes, such as defense against pathogens. This oyster species has been experiencing recurrent mortality events caused by the Ostreid herpesvirus 1 (OsHV-1). The objectives of this study were to investigate the effect of salinity (10, 15, 25 and 35‰) on energetic reserves, key enzyme activities and membrane fatty acids, and to identify the metabolic risk factors related to OsHV-1-induced mortality of oysters...
February 20, 2018: Biology Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29463497/psychological-interventions-used-to-reduce-sports-injuries-a-systematic-review-of-real-world-effectiveness
#18
REVIEW
Adam Gledhill, Dale Forsdyke, Eliot Murray
OBJECTIVE: To systematically review studies examining the role of psychological interventions in injury prevention. The primary research question was: What is the real-world effectiveness of psychological intervention in preventing sports injuries? DESIGN: Mixed methods systematic review with best evidence synthesis. DATA SOURCES: CINAHL, MEDLINE, PsycARTICLES, PsycINFO, SPORTDiscus, Science Direct and PubMed. ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA FOR SELECTING STUDIES: Randomised controlled trials (RCT), non-RCTs that included a comparison group, before and after study designs and qualitative methods...
February 20, 2018: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29462946/a-biochemical-approach-to-detect-oxidative-stress-in-infertile-women-undergoing-assisted-reproductive-technology-procedures
#19
Matteo Becatti, Rossella Fucci, Amanda Mannucci, Victoria Barygina, Marco Mugnaini, Luciana Criscuoli, Claudia Giachini, Francesco Bertocci, Rita Picone, Giacomo Emmi, Paolo Evangelisti, Francesca Rizzello, Cinzia Cozzi, Niccolò Taddei, Claudia Fiorillo, Maria Elisabetta Coccia
Oxidative stress plays a major role in critical biological processes in human reproduction. However, a reliable and biologically accurate indicator of this condition does not yet exist. On these bases, the aim of this study was to assess and compare the blood and follicular fluid (FF) redox status of 45 infertile subjects (and 45 age-matched controls) undergoing in vitro fertilization (IVF), and explore possible relationships between the assessed redox parameters and IVF outcomes. Reactive Oxygen Species (ROS) production, assessed by flow cytometry analysis in blood leukocytes and granulosa cells, significantly increased (p < 0...
February 16, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29462503/efficacy-of-a-spanish-language-self-administered-stress-management-training-intervention-for-latinas-undergoing-chemotherapy
#20
Aasha I Hoogland, Suzanne C Lechner, Brian D Gonzalez, Brent J Small, Dinorah M Tyson, Yasmin Asvat, Anna Barata, Maria F Gomez, Yvelise Rodriguez, Heather S L Jim, Michael H Antoni, Paul B Jacobsen, Cathy D Meade
BACKGROUND: Cancer patients often report increased stress during chemotherapy. Stress management training has been shown to reduce this adverse outcome, but few interventions exist for Spanish-speaking Hispanic and Latina women (Latinas). METHODS: Following community feedback (including focus groups/in-depth interviews), we transcreated the Spanish-Language Self-Administered Stress Management Training (SL-SAT) intervention based on our previously developed and implemented English-based intervention...
February 20, 2018: Psycho-oncology
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