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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048256/skiping-with-head-start-teachers-influence-of-t-skip-on-object-control-skills
#1
Ali Brian, Jacqueline D Goodway, Jessica A Logan, Sue Sutherland
PURPOSE: Children from disadvantaged settings are at risk for delays in their object-control (OC) skills. Fundamental motor skill interventions, such as the Successful Kinesthetic Instruction for Preschoolers (SKIP) Program, are highly successful when led by motor development experts. However, few preschools employ such experts. This study examined the extent to which Head Start teachers delivering an 8-week teacher-led SKIP (T-SKIP) intervention elicited learning of OC skills for Head Start children...
October 19, 2017: Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048249/effect-of-teaching-races-for-understanding-in-youth-sailing-on-performance-knowledge-and-adherence
#2
María Trinidad Morales-Belando, José L Arias-Estero
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to know whether an intervention using an adaptation of the teaching games for understanding approach (named teaching races for understanding [TRfU]) led participants to improve skill execution, decision making, race performance, race involvement, race knowledge, enjoyment, intention to continue practicing sailing, and perceived competence. METHOD: Participants were 67 children from a randomly selected sailing school (Mage = 9...
October 19, 2017: Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045480/quantitative-assessment-of-finger-motor-performance-normative-data
#3
Alessio Signori, Maria Pia Sormani, Irene Schiavetti, Ambra Bisio, Marco Bove, Laura Bonzano
BACKGROUND: Finger opposition movements are the basis of many daily living activities and are essential in general for manipulating objects; an engineered glove quantitatively assessing motor performance during sequences of finger opposition movements has been shown to be useful to provide reliable measures of finger motor impairment, even subtle, in subjects affected by neurological diseases. However, the obtained behavioral parameters lack published reference values. OBJECTIVE: To determine mean values for different motor behavioral parameters describing the strategy adopted by healthy people in performing repeated sequences of finger opposition movements, examining associations with gender and age...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045324/a-ball-skills-intervention-in-preschoolers-the-champ-randomized-controlled-trial
#4
Leah E Robinson, Sanne L C Veldman, Kara K Palmer, Anthony D Okely
PURPOSE: Fundamental motor skills (FMS) contribute to positive health trajectories. A high level of competence in ball skills (a subset of FMS) is a predictor for time spent in moderate- to vigorous-intensity physical activity during adolescence. This study examined the effects of a ball skills intervention on ball skill competence among preschool-aged boys and girls. METHODS: This is a two-armed randomized controlled trial. A total of 124 preschoolers (Mage ± SD = 48...
November 2017: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043919/beyond-survival-5-year-neurodevelopmental-follow-up-of-a-cohort-of-preterm-infants-in-colombo-sri-lanka
#5
S P Sumanasena, D V Vipulaguna, M M Mendis, N S Gunawardena
BACKGROUND: There is a lack of information on long-term neurodevelopmental outcome in preterm neonates in low- and middle-income countries. OBJECTIVES: To describe the developmental attainments of preterm neonates followed up for 5 years and to identify the risk factors for impairment. METHOD: A prospective descriptive cohort study was undertaken in neonates of 34 weeks gestation born within a period of 12 months at a single tertiary maternity and neonatal unit in Colombo, Sri Lanka...
October 18, 2017: Paediatrics and International Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043468/cognitive-and-behavioral-disorders-in-parkinson-s-disease-an-update-i-cognitive-impairments
#6
Costanza Papagno, Luigi Trojano
Parkinson's disease (PD) is a progressive neurodegenerative disease characterized by motor symptoms such as rigidity, rest tremor, and bradykinesia. However, a growing body of evidence demonstrated that PD encompasses several non-motor disturbances as well, such as cognitive impairment. Cognitive defects can be present since early stages of the disease but tend to dominate the clinical picture as the disease progresses. Around 40% of patients with PD present with cognitive impairments in several cognitive domains including attention, working memory and executive functions, language, visuospatial skills, and episodic memory; in later stages of the disease, cognitive defects and associated behavioral disorders concur to determine clinically relevant PD-associated dementia...
October 17, 2017: Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042161/kinematic-evaluation-for-impairment-of-skilled-hand-function-in-chemotherapy-induced-peripheral-neuropathy
#7
Michihiro Osumi, Masahiko Sumitani, Hiroaki Abe, Yuko Otake, Shin-Ichiro Kumagaya, Shu Morioka
INTRODUCTION: Chemotherapy-induced peripheral neuropathy (CIPN) usually affects both sensory and motor function of hands and feet, resulting in impaired skilled hand function (e.g., typing a keyboard). However, quantitative and objective evaluations for this condition have not been established. PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: We evaluated skilled hand function using a kinematic analysis and investigated relationships among hand kinematic function and the clinical sensory and motor features of CIPN...
October 14, 2017: Journal of Hand Therapy: Official Journal of the American Society of Hand Therapists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038583/zdhhc13-dependent-drp1-s-palmitoylation-impacts-brain-bioenergetics-anxiety-coordination-and-motor-skills
#8
Eleonora Napoli, Gyu Song, Siming Liu, Alexsandra Espejo, Carlos J Perez, Fernando Benavides, Cecilia Giulivi
Protein S-palmitoylation is a reversible post-translational modification mediated by palmitoyl acyltransferase enzymes, a group of Zn(2+)-finger DHHC-domain-containing proteins (ZDHHC). Here, for the first time, we show that Zdhhc13 plays a key role in anxiety-related behaviors and motor function, as well as brain bioenergetics, in a mouse model (luc) carrying a spontaneous Zdhhc13 recessive mutation. At 3 m of age, mutant mice displayed increased sensorimotor gating, anxiety, hypoactivity, and decreased motor coordination, compared to littermate controls...
October 16, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038562/interacting-learning-processes-during-skill-acquisition-learning-to-control-with-gradually-changing-system-dynamics
#9
Nicolas Ludolph, Martin A Giese, Winfried Ilg
There is increasing evidence that sensorimotor learning under real-life conditions relies on a composition of several learning processes. Nevertheless, most studies examine learning behaviour in relation to one specific learning mechanism. In this study, we examined the interaction between reward-based skill acquisition and motor adaptation to changes of object dynamics. Thirty healthy subjects, split into two groups, acquired the skill of balancing a pole on a cart in virtual reality. In one group, we gradually increased the gravity, making the task easier in the beginning and more difficult towards the end...
October 16, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037663/unilateral-forelimb-sensorimotor-cortex-devascularization-disrupts-the-topographic-and-kinematic-characteristics-of-hand-movements-while-string-pulling-for-food-in-the-rat
#10
Ashley A Blackwell, William L Widick, Joseph L Cheatwood, Ian Q Whishaw, Douglas G Wallace
String-pulling by the rat is a bimanual act, in which an upright animal retrieves a piece of food attached to the end of the string by downward hand-over-hand movements. The present study compared the movements of string-pulling, using topographic and kinematic measures of hand movement, in control rats and rats with unilateral sensorimotor motor cortex lesion produced by removal of the pia matter. In the first week following devascularization, the rhythmicity and accuracy of string-pulling movements decomposed; however, thereafter the rhythm of bilateral alternation was restored...
October 13, 2017: Behavioural Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037618/immediate-effect-of-mental-practice-with-and-without-mirror-therapy-on-muscle-activation-in-hemiparetic-stroke-patients
#11
Tamise Aguiar Caires, Luciane Fernanda Rodrigues Martinho Fernandes, Lislei Jorge Patrizzi, Rafael de Almeida Oliveira, Luciane Aparecida Pascucci Sande de Souza
Mental practice (MP) consists of the repeated mental rehearsal of a physical skill without movement, called motor imagery (MI). Studies show that MP and MI associated mirror therapy (MPMT) may improve muscle control of the upper limbs in hemiparesis. This study aimed to evaluate muscle activation during active flexion of the wrist (MA), MP, and MPMT in patients with history of stroke and hemiparesis. Individuals diagnosed with stroke showing sequelae of upper limb hemiparesis were enrolled. The flexor carpi ulnaris was analyzed using electromyography during tasks (MA, MP, MPMT) involving wrist flexion...
October 2017: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035999/effects-on-18f-fdg-pet-ct-brain-glucose-metabolism-in-rectal-cancer-patients-undergoing-neoadjuvant-chemotherapy
#12
Alexei M C Machado, Theara C Fagundes, Arnoldo Mafra, Rodrigo G Silva, Ana Carolina G Castro, Marcelo Mamede
PURPOSE: Retrospective study of the effects of anticancer treatment on the brain metabolism of patients diagnosed with rectal cancer based on a large and homogeneous sample of 40 paired F-FDG PET/CT volumes taken from 20 patients. The results are compared to the ones presented by related works to help elucidating the mechanisms of neurotoxicity associated to a decrease in memory, learning and motor skills. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Twenty patients with rectal adenocarcinoma were scanned before and after neoadjuvant chemoradiation based exclusively on 5-fluorouracil and leucovorin...
October 13, 2017: Clinical Nuclear Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035576/inter-and-intrarater-reliabilities-of-the-test-of-gross-motor-development-third-edition-among-experienced-tgmd-2-raters
#13
Hyokju Maeng, E Kipling Webster, E Andrew Pitchford, Dale A Ulrich
The purpose of this study was to examine the inter- and intrarater reliabilities of the Test of Gross Motor Development-third edition (TGMD-3). The TGMD-3 was administered to 10 typically developing children. Five raters with experience using the Test of Gross Motor Development-second edition (TGMD-2) scored the digitally recorded performances and then rescored the same performances after a period of 2 weeks. Intraclass correlation (ICC) was used to examine both inter- and intrarater reliabilities of scores...
October 16, 2017: Adapted Physical Activity Quarterly: APAQ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034147/elementary-physical-education-a-focus-on-fitness-activities-and-smaller-class-sizes-are-associated-with-higher-levels-of-physical-activity
#14
Mandy Kirkham-King, Timothy A Brusseau, James C Hannon, Darla M Castelli, Kristy Hilton, Ryan D Burns
Optimizing physical activity during physical education is necessary for children to achieve daily physical activity recommendations. The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship among various contextual factors with accelerometer measured physical activity during elementary physical education. Data were collected during 2015-2016 from 281 students (1st-5th grade, 137 males, 144 females) from a private school located in a metropolitan area of Utah in the U.S. Students wore accelerometers for 12 consecutive weeks at an accelerometer wear frequency of 3 days per week during physical education...
December 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032428/usability-operations-on-touch-mobile-devices-for-users-with-autism
#15
Angeles Quezada, Reyes Juárez-Ramírez, Samantha Jiménez, Alan Ramírez Noriega, Sergio Inzunza, Arnulfo Alanis Garza
The Autistic Spectrum Disorder is a cognitive disorder that affects the cognitive and motor skills; due that, users cannot perform digital and fine motor tasks. It is necessary to create software applications that adapt to the abilities of these users. In recent years has been an increase in the research of the use of technology to support autistic users to develop their communication skills and to improve learning. However, the applications' usability for disable users is not assessed objectively as the existing models do not consider interaction operators for disable users...
October 14, 2017: Journal of Medical Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031616/factors-affecting-the-selection-of-an-inhaler-device-for-copd-and-the-ideal-device-for-different-patient-profiles-results-of-epoca-delphi-consensus
#16
Marc Miravitlles, Juan José Soler-Cataluña, Bernardino Alcázar, José Luis Viejo, Francisco García-Río
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to identify the relevant factors for the choice of an inhaler device by physicians and the selection of the most important characteristics of a device according to different characteristics of patients with COPD. METHOD: In this two-round Delphi survey, 96 Spanish COPD-expert pulmonologists completed an internet-based, self-administered questionnaire, which consisted of a first part with 19 items related to the prioritization of the drug or the device, the experience, ability and preference of the patient, and the experience and preferences of the healthcare professional...
October 12, 2017: Pulmonary Pharmacology & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031542/complications-and-30-day-readmission-rates-after-craniotomy-craniectomy-a-single-institutional-study-of-243-consecutive-patients
#17
Aladine A Elsamadicy, Amanda Sergesketter, Owoicho Adogwa, Michael Ongele, Oren N Gottfried
Early hospital readmission has become a proxy for quality of care and contributes significantly to high health care costs in the United States, with more than $20 billion health care dollars are spent on 30-day readmission annually. Cranial neurosurgical procedures (i.e., craniotomy, craniectomy) are associated with high readmission rates; however, studies examining readmission after cranial procedures are limited and relatively unknown. The aim of this study is to identify the drivers of 30-day unplanned readmission in consecutive patients undergoing craniotomies and craniectomies...
October 11, 2017: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031474/sport-time-pressure-and-cognitive-performance
#18
Chia N Chiu, Chiao-Yun Chen, Neil G Muggleton
Sport participation, fitness, and expertise have been associated with a range of cognitive benefits in a range of populations but both the factors that confer such benefits and the nature of the resulting changes are relatively unclear. Additionally, the interactions between time pressure and cognitive performance for these groups is little studied. Using a flanker task, which measures the ability to selectively process information, and with different time limits for responding, we investigated the differences in performance for participants in (1) an unpredictable, open-skill sport (volleyball), (2) an exercise group engaged in predictable, closed-skill sports (running, swimming), and (3) nonsporting controls...
2017: Progress in Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031472/catching-on-it-early-bodily-and-brain-anticipatory-mechanisms-for-excellence-in-sport
#19
Ana M Abreu, Matteo Candidi, Salvatore M Aglioti
Programming and executing a subsequent move is inherently linked to the ability to anticipate the actions of others when interacting. Such fundamental social ability is particularly important in sport. Here, we discuss the possible mechanisms behind the highly sophisticated anticipation skills that characterize experts. We contend that prediction in sports might rely on a finely tuned perceptual system that endows experts with a fast, partially unconscious, pickup of relevant cues. Furthermore, we discuss the role of the multimodal, perceptuomotor, multiple-duty cells (mirror neurons) that play an important function in action anticipation by means of an inner motor simulation process...
2017: Progress in Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031467/action-skilled-observation-issues-for-the-study-of-sport-expertise-and-the-brain
#20
April Karlinsky, Karen Zentgraf, Nicola J Hodges
With a growing body of research devoted to uncovering regions of the brain implicated in action observation following various action-related experiences, including sport, we ask what we know from this research, and what we still need to know, as it pertains to sport and the brain. To do this, we review and integrate knowledge garnered from developmental work, short-term motor learning studies, and most significantly sport athletes across varying skill levels. We consider various neurophysiological methods, including TMS, fMRI, and EEG, which have been used to help uncover brain regions involved in action-skilled observation...
2017: Progress in Brain Research
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