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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29909303/quality-of-life-in-stabilized-outpatients-with-bipolar-i-disorder-associations-with-resilience-internalized-stigma-and-residual-symptoms
#1
Fabienne Post, Silvia Pardeller, Beatrice Frajo-Apor, Georg Kemmler, Catherine Sondermann, Armand Hausmann, W Wolfgang Fleischhacker, Yuya Mizuno, Hiroyuki Uchida, Alex Hofer
OBJECTIVES: Improving Quality of Life (QoL) is an important objective in the treatment of bipolar disorder. The aim of the current study was to examine to which extent resilience, internalized stigma, and psychopathology are correlated to QoL. METHODS: We recruited 60 outpatients diagnosed with bipolar I disorder according to DSM-IV criteria and 77 healthy control subjects from the general community. In patients, symptoms were quantified by the Montgomery-Åsberg Depression Rating Scale (MADRS) and the Young Mania Rating Scale (YMRS) and internalized stigma by the Internalized Stigma of Mental Illness (ISMI) scale...
May 29, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29909300/parsing-cyclothymic-disorder-and-other-specified-bipolar-spectrum-disorders-in-youth
#2
Anna Van Meter, Benjamin I Goldstein, Tina R Goldstein, Shirley Yen, Heather Hower, Michael Strober, John A Merranko, Mary Kay Gill, Rasim S Diler, David Axelson, Neal D Ryan, Martin B Keller, Boris Birmaher
OBJECTIVE: Most studies of pediatric bipolar disorder (BP) combine youth who have manic symptoms, but do not meet criteria for BP I/II, into one "not otherwise specified" (NOS) group. Consequently, little is known about how youth with cyclothymic disorder (CycD) differ from youth with BP NOS. The objective of this study was to determine whether youth with a research diagnosis of CycD (RDCyc) differ from youth with operationalized BP NOS. METHOD: Participants from the Course and Outcome of Bipolar Youth study were evaluated to determine whether they met RDCyc criteria...
June 7, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29902794/association-between-elevated-c-reactive-protein-and-manic-polarity-in-acute-psychiatric-inpatients-with-affective-symptomatology
#3
Nitzan Zohar, Eldar Hochman, Nachum Katz, Amir Krivoy, Abraham Weizman, Ran Barzilay
The interplay between the immune system and behaviour is of increasing interest in psychiatry research. Specifically, accumulating data points to a link between inflammation and psychopathology, including affective symptomatology. We investigated the association between inflammation and affective polarity in psychiatric inpatients who were hospitalized due to an affective exacerbation. Data was collected retrospectively and comparisons were made between manic and depressed patients. C-reactive protein (CRP), a general laboratory marker of immune activation and inflammation, was used as a non-specific inflammatory biomarker...
June 14, 2018: Neuropsychobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29902733/affective-versus-first-episode-non-affective-first-episode-psychoses-a-longitudinal-study
#4
C Torrent, M Reinares, A Martinez-Arán, B Cabrera, S Amoretti, I Corripio, F Contreras, S Sarró, A González-Pinto, A Lobo, M J Cuesta, A Sánchez-Torres, D Bergé, J Castro-Fornieles, C Moreno, M Bernardo, E Vieta
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to assess (1) whether there were clinical, neuropsychological and functional differences between and within affective and non-affective psychoses at baseline and two years-follow-up and (2) to explore clinical and neuropsychological predictors of psychosocial functioning in the whole sample. METHOD: This is a subanalysis from a multicentre, naturalistic, longitudinal prospective study ('Phenotype-genotype and environmental interaction...
June 4, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29875708/psychological-distress-symptoms-associated-with-life-events-in-patients-with-bipolar-disorder-a-cross-sectional-study
#5
Aiko Sato, Tasuku Hashimoto, Atsushi Kimura, Tomihisa Niitsu, Masaomi Iyo
Stressful life events, although less serious than traumatic experiences, affect the clinical course of patients with bipolar disorder. We previously found that bipolarity in patients with major depression is related to the severity of psychological distress symptoms associated with onset-related events. Here, we investigated whether, and to what extent, bipolar patients perceive stressful events as psychological distress symptoms, specifically, intrusion, avoidance, and hyperarousal. Further, we investigated the relationship between the clinical features and the severity of psychological distress symptoms associated with stressful life events, according to mood states...
2018: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29862493/characteristics-of-depressive-and-bipolar-disorder-patients-with-mixed-features
#6
L Tondo, G H Vázquez, M Pinna, P A Vaccotto, R J Baldessarini
OBJECTIVE: To assess differences between subjects with vs. without mixed features in major affective disorders. METHODS: In 3099 out-patient subjects with DSM-5 major depressive disorder (MDD, n = 1921) or bipolar disorders (BD, n = 1178), we compared those with (Mx) vs. without (Non-Mx) mixed features (agitated-irritable depression or dysphoric [hypo]mania) in an index episode. RESULTS: Prevalence of Mx averaged 21.9% [CI: 20.5-23.4] overall, ranking: BD-II > BD-I > MDD, and in BD depression ≥ [hypo]mania > MDD...
June 3, 2018: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29860313/sigma-1-receptor-antagonists-inhibit-manic-like-behaviors-in-two-congenital-strains-of-mice
#7
Pilar Sánchez-Blázquez, Elsa Cortés-Montero, María Rodríguez-Muñoz, Javier Garzón
Background: Several currently available animal models reproduce select behavioral facets of human mania as well as the abnormal glutamatergic neurotransmission and dysregulation of glycogen synthase kinase 3β (GSK3β) that accompanies this disease. Methods: In this study, we addressed the therapeutic potential of ligands of sigma receptor type 1 (σ1R) in two putative models of mania: the "manic" Black Swiss outbred mice from Taconic farms (BStac) and mice with the 129 genetic background and histidine triad nucleotide-binding protein 1 (HINT1) deletion (HINT1-/- mice) that exhibit bipolar-like behaviors...
May 31, 2018: International Journal of Neuropsychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29847995/hamlet-and-psychiatry-intertwined
#8
Sarah Rotstein
OBJECTIVES: This article considers selected landmarks in the history of psychiatry and their impact on Hamlet productions, including Burton's Anatomy of Melancholia, Emil Kraepelin's manic-depression, Freud's oedipal complex and R.D. Laing's 'divided self'. Additionally, this article considers the way Shakespeare's Hamlet has influenced the course of psychiatry. CONCLUSION: The linkages between psychiatry and Hamlet have existed since the 17th century, and perhaps Shakespeare's Hamlet should have a place on every psychiatrist's shelf...
May 1, 2018: Australasian Psychiatry: Bulletin of Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29809115/the-suicidal-depressive-position-a-scientifically-informed-reformulation
#9
Golan Shahar
Despite considerable progress in depression research and treatment, the disorder continues to pose daunting challenges to scientists and practitioners alike. This article presents a novel conceptualization of the psychological dynamics of depression which draws from Melanie Klein's notion of the positions, reformulated using social-cognitive terms. Specifically, Klein's notion of position, consisting of anxieties (persecutory vs. "depressive"), defense mechanisms ("primitive"/split based vs...
2018: Psychodynamic Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29807805/auditory-steady-state-response-deficits-are-associated-with-symptom-severity-and-poor-functioning-in-patients-with-psychotic-disorder
#10
Tian-Hang Zhou, Nora E Mueller, Kevin M Spencer, Sonal G Mallya, Kathryn Eve Lewandowski, Lesley A Norris, Deborah L Levy, Bruce M Cohen, Dost Öngür, Mei-Hua Hall
OBJECTIVES: Gamma oscillation is important for cortico-cortical coordination and the integration of information across neural networks. The 40 Hz auditory steady-state response (ASSR), which reflects neural synchrony in the gamma band (30-100 Hz), is abnormal in patients with schizophrenia (SZ). The present study used the ASSR at multiple frequencies to examine (1) gamma dysfunction in patients with SZ, schizoaffective (SA), and bipolar disorder (BD) compared with controls, (2) the relationship between ASSR measures and clinical symptom severity, and (3) the relationship between ASSR measures and real-life community functioning...
May 25, 2018: Schizophrenia Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29801445/differential-mitochondrial-dna-copy-number-in-three-mood-states-of-bipolar-disorder
#11
Dong Wang, Zongchang Li, Weiqing Liu, Jun Zhou, Xiaoqian Ma, Jinsong Tang, Xiaogang Chen
BACKGROUND: Accumulating evidences indicated that mitochondrial abnormalities were associated with bipolar disorder. As a sensitive index of mitochondrial function and biogenesis, Mitochondrial DNA copy number (mtDNAcn) may be involved in the pathophysiology of bipolar disorder. METHODS: Leukocyte relative mtDNAcn was measured by quantitative polymerase chain reaction in subjects with BD (n = 131) in manic, depressive, and euthymic symptoms. Thirty-four healthy individuals were used as comparison control...
May 25, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789269/anterior-cingulate-cortex-glutamatergic-metabolites-and-mood-stabilizers-in-euthymic-bipolar-i-disorder-patients-a-proton-magnetic-resonance-spectroscopy-study
#12
Marcio Gerhardt Soeiro-de-Souza, Maria Concepcion Garcia Otaduy, Rodrigo Machado-Vieira, Ricardo Alberto Moreno, Fabiano G Nery, Claudia Leite, Beny Lafer
BACKGROUND: Bipolar disorder is a chronic and recurrent illness characterized by depressive and manic episodes. Proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy (1 H-MRS) studies have demonstrated glutamate (Glu) system abnormalities in BD, but it is unclear how Glu varies among mood states and how medications modulate it. The objective of this study was to investigate the influence of mood stabilizers on anterior cingulate cortex Glu levels using 1 H-MRS during euthymia. METHODS: One hundred twenty-eight bipolar I disorder (BDI) euthymic subjects and 80 healthy control subjects underwent 3T brain 1 H-MRS imaging examination including acquisition of an anterior cingulate cortex single voxel (8 cm3 ) 1 H-MRS, based on a point resolved spectroscopy (PRESS) sequence with an echo time of 80 ms and a repetition time of 1500 ms (BIPUSP MRS study)...
March 31, 2018: Biological Psychiatry: Cognitive Neuroscience and Neuroimaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29787961/functional-outcome-and-social-cognition-in-bipolar-disorder-is-there-a-connection
#13
Maria Vlad, Delphine Raucher-Chéné, Audrey Henry, Arthur Kaladjian
BACKGROUND: Interest in social cognition in bipolar disorder (BD) has increased considerably over the past decade, with studies highlighting major impairments, especially in mental state reasoning, even during euthymia. A causal relationship between social cognition deficits and social functioning has already been established in individuals with schizophrenia, but there is still little information about links between social cognition and social functioning in BD. Our aim was therefore to review the relationship between functional outcome and social cognition in patients with BD...
May 19, 2018: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785673/the-impact-of-transcranial-direct-current-stimulation-tdcs-on-bipolar-depression-mania-and-euthymia-a-systematic-review-of-preliminary-data
#14
Clément Dondé, Nicholas H Neufeld, Pierre A Geoffroy
The neurobiological basis of bipolar disorders (BD) has received increased attention and several brain regions and brain circuits have been correlated with clinical symptoms. These brain regions and circuits may represent targets for neuromodulation techniques such as transcranial Direct Current Stimulation (tDCS). We systematically reviewed the literature to explore the risks and benefits of tDCS in BD and examined all mood states. Following the PRISMA guidelines, a systematic literature search using several databases was performed from April 2002 to June 2017...
May 21, 2018: Psychiatric Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778054/at-risk-symptoms-of-bipolar-disorder-in-a-university-student-cohort
#15
Ida S Haussleiter, Sandra Lorek, Eike Zeschel, Svenja Mattausch, Milena Meyers, Georg Juckel
To assess the occurrence and frequency of bipolar at-risk symptoms in a large sample of previously undiagnosed students using the new screening tool Bochumer Screeningbogen Bipolar (BSB). 2329 students of the Ruhr-University Bochum, Germany completed online demographic data as well as various self-rating questionnaires (BSB; Hypomania Checklist 32; Altman Self-Rating Mania Scale; Beck Depression Inventory). Within the student cohort (64.4% female, mean age 24.3 years) every fifth student currently suffered from moderate to severe depressive symptoms; every sixth student had already thought about suicide and every other student reported a history of mood swings...
May 6, 2018: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776917/treatment-refractory-mania-with-psychosis-in-a-post-transplant-patient-on-tacrolimus-a-case-report
#16
Muaid Ithman, Kunal Malhotra, Meelie Bordoloi, Garima Singh
Bipolar affective disorder type I imparts significant morbidity and disease burden in the Population. It is characterized by occurrence of one or more manic episodes which may be preceded or followed by a depressive or hypomanic phase. About half of these manic episodes are characterized by the presence of psychotic features [1]. The condition is further complicated when patient has multiple comorbid conditions. We report here a case of a 66 year old Caucasian female, previously diagnosed with Bipolar disorder who developed treatment refractory mania with psychotic feature after being on Tacrolimus (an immunosuppressive agent) after kidney transplantation...
May 18, 2018: Clinical Medicine & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775085/usage-of-therapeutic-sleep-deprivation-a-survey-in-psychiatric-hospitals-in-austria-germany-and-switzerland
#17
Dietmar Winkler, Marie Spies, Yasmin Al-Resheg, Joseph C Wu, William E Bunney, Blynn G Bunney, Siegfried Kasper, Edda Pjrek
OBJECTIVE: Therapeutic sleep deprivation (SD) is a nonpharmacological treatment that is used most often for depression. The aim of this study was to examine the pattern of use of SD in psychiatric hospitals in Austria, Germany, and Switzerland. METHODS: A questionnaire about perceived usage of SD was sent by mail to all 511 psychiatric hospitals in the three countries. Nonresponders were asked to answer the questionnaire by phone. We achieved a response rate of 75...
May 18, 2018: Behavioral Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768498/genomic-variants-in-an-inbred-mouse-model-predict-mania-like-behaviors
#18
Michael C Saul, Sharon A Stevenson, Changjiu Zhao, Terri M Driessen, Brian E Eisinger, Stephen C Gammie
Contemporary rodent models for bipolar disorders split the bipolar spectrum into complimentary behavioral endophenotypes representing mania and depression. Widely accepted mania models typically utilize single gene transgenics or pharmacological manipulations, but inbred rodent strains show great potential as mania models. Their acceptance is often limited by the lack of genotypic data needed to establish construct validity. In this study, we used a unique strategy to inexpensively explore and confirm population allele differences in naturally occurring candidate variants in a manic rodent strain, the Madison (MSN) mouse strain...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764272/does-s100b-have-a-potential-role-in-affective-disorders-a-literature-review
#19
Hilda Kroksmark, Maj Vinberg
BACKGROUND: S100B is a calcium-binding protein located in glial cells; it is regarded as a potential biomarker in affective disorders. AIM: To review the literature investigating the role of S100B in patients with affective disorders. METHOD: A systematic review of original English language studies investigating S100B in serum, cerebrospinal fluid, plasma and lymphocytes, in patients with affective disorders, was conducted. The literature search was conducted within the PubMed database...
May 15, 2018: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756288/mixed-states-in-bipolar-and-major-depressive-disorders-systematic-review-and-quality-appraisal-of-guidelines
#20
REVIEW
N Verdolini, D Hidalgo-Mazzei, A Murru, I Pacchiarotti, L Samalin, A H Young, E Vieta, A F Carvalho
OBJECTIVE: This systematic review provided a critical synthesis and a comprehensive overview of guidelines on the treatment of mixed states. METHOD: The MEDLINE/PubMed and EMBASE databases were systematically searched from inception to March 21st, 2018. International guidelines covering the treatment of mixed episodes, manic/hypomanic, or depressive episodes with mixed features were considered for inclusion. A methodological quality assessment was conducted with the Appraisal of Guidelines for Research and Evaluation-AGREE II...
May 13, 2018: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
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