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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674982/delusional-themes-across-affective-and-non-affective-psychoses
#1
Angelo Picardi, Laura Fonzi, Mauro Pallagrosi, Antonella Gigantesco, Massimo Biondi
The current debate about the diagnostic significance of delusion revolves around two positions. The neurocognitive position conceives delusion as a non-specific, though polymorphic, symptom. The psychopathological position views features of delusion such as content and structure as having meaningful connections with diagnostic entities. This study aims at contributing to this debate by examining the association between delusional themes and diagnosis in a sample of 830 adult psychotic patients. All diagnoses were made by experienced psychiatrists according to DSM-IV or ICD-10 criteria, and in 348 patients were established with the SCID-I...
2018: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674601/the-relationship-between-the-number-of-manic-episodes-and-oxidative-stress-indicators-in-bipolar-disorder
#2
Süleyman Akarsu, Abdullah Bolu, Emre Aydemir, Selma Bozkurt Zincir, Yasemin Gülcan Kurt, Serkan Zincir, Murat Erdem, Özcan Uzun
Objective: Bipolar disorder (BD) is a chronic mood disorder characterized by recurrent episodes that has a lifetime prevalence of 0.4- 5.5%. The neurochemical mechanism of BD is not fully understood. Oxidative stress in neurons causes lipid peroxidation in proteins associated with neuronal membranes and intracellular enzymes and it may lead to dysfunction in neurotransmitter reuptake and enzyme activities. These pathological processes are thought to occur in brain regions associated with affective functions and emotions in BD...
April 20, 2018: Psychiatry Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672801/antisuicidal-effects-in-mood-disorders-are-they-unique-to-lithium
#3
Leonardo Tondo, Ross J Baldessarini
INTRODUCTION: Suicidal behavior is strongly associated with depression in major depressive (MDD) and bipolar (BD) disorders, especially with associated behavioral activation, dysphoria, or agitation. A rare intervention with evidence of suicide risk-reducing as well as mood-stabilizing effects in mood disorder patients is lithium. METHODS: We reviewed available research evidence on associations of long-term treatment with lithium with risk of suicidal behavior. We meta-analyzed 12 randomized trials in 10 reports (with at least 1 suicide in either treatment arm) including both BD and MDD subjects, with particular attention to comparisons of lithium with placebo or other pharmacological treatments...
April 19, 2018: Pharmacopsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667796/isotretinoin-the-ups-are-just-as-troubling-as-the-downs
#4
Jay M Truitt, Jason S Reichenberg, Kevin G Sharghi, Shirlene M Sampson, Randall K Roenigk, Michelle Magid
INTRODUCTION: Isotretinoin, previously marketed as Accutane®, is an oral retinoid medication that is used to treat acne and other cutaneous disorders. Although the data is conflicting, previous reports suggest a causal relationship between isotretinoin and depression. When reviewing these previous reports, many patients who were diagnosed as 'depressed' did not undergo a thorough psychiatric evaluation and/or were not diagnosed according to the criteria of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM)...
April 18, 2018: Giornale Italiano di Dermatologia e Venereologia: Organo Ufficiale, Società Italiana di Dermatologia e Sifilografia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666369/lithium-associated-transcriptional-regulation-of-crmp1-in-patient-derived-olfactory-neurons-and-symptom-changes-in-bipolar-disorder
#5
Charlee K McLean, Soumya Narayan, Sandra Y Lin, Narayan Rai, Youjin Chung, MariaMananita S Hipolito, Nicola G Cascella, John I Nurnberger, Koko Ishizuka, Akira S Sawa, Evaristus A Nwulia
There is growing evidence that lithium used in the treatment of bipolar disorder (BD) affects molecular targets that are involved in neuronal growth, survival, and maturation, but it remains unclear if neuronal alterations in any of these molecules predict specific symptom changes in BD patients undergoing lithium monotherapy. The goals of this study were to (a) determine which molecular changes in the olfactory neurons of symptomatic patients receiving lithium are associated with antimanic or antidepressant response, and (b) uncover novel intraneuronal regulatory mechanisms of lithium therapy...
April 18, 2018: Translational Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657926/efficacy-of-group-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-in-maintenance-treatment-and-relapse-prevention-for-bipolar-adolescents
#6
Soroor Arman, Farnaz Golmohammadi, Mohammadreza Maracy, Mitra Molaeinezhad
Background: Despite conducting wide-ranging of pharmacotherapy for bipolar adolescents, many of them are showing a deficit in functioning with high relapse rate. The aim of the current study was to develop a manual and investigate the efficacy of group cognitive-behavioral therapy (G-CBT) for female bipolar adolescents. Materials and Methods: During the first qualitative phase of a mixed-methods study, a manual of G-CBT was developed. Then, 32 female bipolar adolescents aged 12-19 years old, receiving usual maintenance medications (UMM), were selected...
2018: Advanced Biomedical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29653349/the-role-of-lifetime-anxiety-history-in-the-course-of-bipolar-spectrum-disorders
#7
Madison K Titone, Rachel D Freed, Jared K O'Garro-Moore, Andrew Gepty, Tommy H Ng, Jonathan P Stange, Lyn Y Abramson, Lauren B Alloy
Individuals with bipolar spectrum disorder (BSD) frequently meet criteria for comorbid anxiety disorders, and anxiety may be an important factor in the etiology and course of BSDs. The current study examined the association of lifetime anxiety disorders with prospective manic/hypomanic versus major depressive episodes. Participants were 244 young adults (aged 17-26) with milder forms of BSDs (i.e., bipolar-II, cyclothymia, BD-NOS). First, bivariate analyses assessed differences in baseline clinical characteristics between participants with and without DSM-IV anxiety diagnoses...
April 3, 2018: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643263/health-state-utilities-for-patient-s-current-health-from-bipolar-type-i-disorder
#8
Masoumeh Banihashemian, Arash Rashidian, Faeze Gholamian, Mahboubeh Parsaeian, Najmeh Moradi, Homayoun Amini
BACKGROUND: Bipolar Type I Disorder (BID) is a disabling mental disorder among young adults that places enormous psychological, social, and economic burdens on patients, their families, and health care systems and decreases quality of life (QOL). Few studies have investigated the quality-adjusted life-years (QALY), health state preferences, and utilities in patients with BID. AIM OF STUDY: The aim of this study was to elicit health state utilities for current health among a sample of individuals with BID irrespective of their clinical conditions at the time of evaluation...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Mental Health Policy and Economics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628501/excitatory-and-inhibitory-synaptic-dysfunction-in-mania-an-emerging-hypothesis-from-animal-model-studies
#9
REVIEW
Yeunkum Lee, Yinhua Zhang, Shinhyun Kim, Kihoon Han
Bipolar disorder (BD) is a common psychiatric disorder characterized by recurrent mood swings between depression and mania, and is associated with high treatment costs. The existence of manic episodes is the defining feature of BD, during which period, patients experience extreme elevation in activity, energy, and mood, with changes in sleep patterns that together severely impair their ability to function in daily life. Despite some limitations in recapitulating the complex features of human disease, several rodent models of mania have been generated and characterized, which have provided important insights toward understanding its underlying pathogenic mechanisms...
April 9, 2018: Experimental & Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627704/bipolar-disorder-and-obsessive-compulsive-disorder-the-comorbidity-does-not-further-impair-the-neurocognitive-profile
#10
Renato de Filippis, Matteo Aloi, Antonella Bruni, Raffaele Gaetano, Cristina Segura-Garcia, Pasquale De Fazio
BACKGROUND: The comorbidity of bipolar disorder (BD) and obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) has been widely described. Several studies have investigated the cognitive profiles of BD and OCD patients, but studies that compare BD, BD-OCD, and OCD patients in neuropsychological domains do not exist. The purpose of this study was to compare set-shifting, decision making, and central coherence among BD, BD-OCD, and OCD patients. METHODS: A battery of neuropsychological tests was administered to 68 patients (22 BD, 26 BD-OCD, 20 OCD)...
March 29, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29616434/control-charts-for-monitoring-mood-stability-as-a-predictor-of-severe-episodes-in-patients-with-bipolar-disorder
#11
Maria D L A Vazquez-Montes, Richard Stevens, Rafael Perera, Kate Saunders, John R Geddes
BACKGROUND: Recurrent mood episodes and subsyndromal mood instability cause substantial disability in patients with bipolar disorder. Early identification of mood episodes enabling timely mood stabilization is an important clinical goal. This study investigates the ability of control chart methodology to predict manic and/or depressive episodes by applying Shewhart's control rules to weekly self-reported scores from mania and depression questionnaires. METHODS: Shewhart's control rules were applied to weekly self-reported scores from the Altman Self-Rating Mania Scale (ASRM) and the Quick Inventory of Depressive Symptomatology-Self-Report (QIDS) collected from 2001 to 2012 as part of the OXTEXT programme...
April 4, 2018: International Journal of Bipolar Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29611101/the-compensatory-immune-regulatory-reflex-system-cirs-in-depression-and-bipolar-disorder
#12
REVIEW
Michael Maes, Andre F Carvalho
Here, we review a novel concept namely the compensatory immune-regulatory reflex system (CIRS) as applied to the pathophysiology of major depressive disorder (MDD) and bipolar disorder (BD). There is evidence that a substantial subset of individuals with MDD and BD exhibit an activation of the immune-inflammatory response system (IRS), as indicated by an increased production of macrophagic M1 and T helper (Th)-1 pro-inflammatory cytokines, interleukin (IL)-6 trans-signaling, positive acute phase proteins (APPs), and complement factors...
April 2, 2018: Molecular Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29578271/psychoeducation-for-psychiatric-inpatients-following-remission-of-a-manic-episode-in-bipolar-i-disorder-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#13
Runsen Chen, Xuequan Zhu, Liliana P Capitão, Huijun Zhang, Jiong Luo, Xue Wang, Yingjun Xi, Xiuping Song, Yancun Feng, Liuzhong Cao, Gin S Malhi
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effectiveness of psychoeducation for bipolar I inpatients following remission of a manic episode in a Chinese population. METHOD: The study recruited currently medicated bipolar I patients, aged 18-60 years, who were in remission from a manic episode, as determined using the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders Fifth Edition (DSM-5). Patients were randomized (1:1) to either eight sessions of group-based psychoeducation (active treatment group) or regular free discussions (control group)...
March 26, 2018: Bipolar Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29549439/recurrence-of-bipolar-disorder-during-pregnancy-a-systematic-review
#14
Misbah Salim, Verinder Sharma, Kelly K Anderson
We conducted a systematic review of the literature to determine the prevalence of mood episode recurrences during pregnancy among women with bipolar disorder. Included studies (n = 11) had wide variation in the reported proportions of pregnant women with bipolar disorder who experienced a recurrence (median = 24%, range = 4-73%). There is some evidence that pregnant women are more likely to have a depressive or mixed episode, rather than hypomanic or manic. The extant literature cannot answer the question of how pregnancy affects the course of bipolar disorder; it merely informs us of the effect of medication discontinuation during pregnancy...
March 17, 2018: Archives of Women's Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29542331/suprasensory-phenomena-in-those-with-a-bipolar-disorder
#15
Gordon Parker, Amelia Paterson, Mia Romano, Isabelle Granville Smith
OBJECTIVES: To increase awareness of the sensory changes experienced during hypo/manic and depressive states by those with a bipolar disorder and determine if the prevalence of such features is similar across differing bipolar sub-types. METHODS: We interviewed 66 patients who acknowledged sensory changes during hypo/manic states. They were allocated to bipolar I, bipolar II and soft bipolar diagnostic categories and the prevalence of 10 differing sensory changes was quantified during hypo/manic and depressive phases...
March 1, 2018: Australasian Psychiatry: Bulletin of Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29542039/in-major-affective-disorders-early-life-trauma-predict-increased-nitro-oxidative-stress-lipid-peroxidation-and-protein-oxidation-and-recurrence-of-major-affective-disorders-suicidal-behaviors-and-a-lowered-quality-of-life
#16
Juliana Brum Moraes, Michael Maes, Chutima Roomruangwong, Kamila Landucci Bonifacio, Decio Sabbatini Barbosa, Heber Odebrecht Vargas, George Anderson, Marta Kubera, Andre F Carvalho, Sandra Odebrecht Vargas Nunes
Early life trauma (ELT) may increase the risk towards bipolar disorder (BD) and major depression (MDD), disorders associated with activated neuro-oxidative and neuro-nitrosative stress (O&NS) pathways. It has remained elusive whether ELTs are associated with O&NS and which ELTs are associated with distinct affective disorder phenotypes. This case-control study examined patients with BD (n = 68) and MDD (n = 37) and healthy controls (n = 66). The Child Trauma Questionnaire (CTQ) was used to assess specific ELT...
March 14, 2018: Metabolic Brain Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29540132/royal-australian-and-new-zealand-college-of-psychiatrists-clinical-practice-guidelines-for-mood-disorders-bipolar-disorder-summary
#17
Gin S Malhi, Tim Outhred, Grace Morris, Philip M Boyce, Richard Bryant, Paul B Fitzgerald, Malcolm J Hopwood, Bill Lyndon, Roger Mulder, Greg Murray, Richard J Porter, Ajeet B Singh, Kristina Fritz
In December 2015, the Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists published a comprehensive set of mood disorder clinical practice guidelines for psychiatrists, psychologists and mental health professionals. This guideline summary, directed broadly at primary care physicians, is an abridged version that focuses on bipolar disorder. It is intended as an aid to the management of this complex disorder for primary care physicians working in collaboration with psychiatrists to implement successful long term management...
March 19, 2018: Medical Journal of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29535038/neutrophil-lymphocyte-ratio-and-platelet-lymphocyte-ratio-in-mood-disorders-a-meta-analysis
#18
REVIEW
Mario Gennaro Mazza, Sara Lucchi, Agnese Grazia Maria Tringali, Aurora Rossetti, Eugenia Rossana Botti, Massimo Clerici
The immune and inflammatory system is involved in the etiology of mood disorders. Neutrophil/lymphocyte ratio (NLR), platelet/lymphocyte ratio (PLR) and monocyte/lymphocyte ratio (MLR) are inexpensive and reproducible biomarkers of inflammation. This is the first meta-analysis exploring the role of NLR and PLR in mood disorder. We identified 11 studies according to our inclusion criteria from the main Electronic Databases. Meta-analyses were carried out generating pooled standardized mean differences (SMDs) between index and healthy controls (HC)...
March 10, 2018: Progress in Neuro-psychopharmacology & Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29516993/bipolar-disorders
#19
REVIEW
Eduard Vieta, Michael Berk, Thomas G Schulze, André F Carvalho, Trisha Suppes, Joseph R Calabrese, Keming Gao, Kamilla W Miskowiak, Iria Grande
Bipolar disorders are chronic and recurrent disorders that affect >1% of the global population. Bipolar disorders are leading causes of disability in young people as they can lead to cognitive and functional impairment and increased mortality, particularly from suicide and cardiovascular disease. Psychiatric and nonpsychiatric medical comorbidities are common in patients and might also contribute to increased mortality. Bipolar disorders are some of the most heritable psychiatric disorders, although a model with gene-environment interactions is believed to best explain the aetiology...
March 8, 2018: Nature Reviews. Disease Primers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29510813/electronic-monitoring-in-bipolar-disorder
#20
Maria Faurholt-Jepsen
Major reasons for the insufficient effects of current treatment options in bipolar disorder include delayed intervention for prodromal depressive and manic symptoms and decreased adherence to psychopharmacological treatment. The reliance on subjective information and clinical evaluations when diagnosing and assessing the severity of depressive and manic symptoms calls for less biased and more objective markers. By using electronic devices, fine-grained data on complex psychopathological aspects of bipolar disorder can be evaluated unobtrusively over the long term...
March 2018: Danish Medical Journal
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