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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528048/real-time-autofluorescence-imaging-to-diagnose-lvad-driveline-infections
#1
Jack B Keenan, Taufiek Konrad Rajab, David G Armstrong, Zain Khalpey
A 64-year-old man experienced a driveline infection that was treated with serial debridements and antibiotics. When the wound clinically appeared ready for closure, a handheld fluorescence imaging device still revealed a margin of red fluorescence around the wound edges consistent with a subclinical infection. Therefore, a wider margin was made and additional specimens for wound culture were taken, which demonstrated a vancomycin-resistant enterococcal infection. The autofluorescence signals of common bacteria can be detected with a fluorescence camera in subclinical wound infections without clinical signs...
June 2017: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527625/cosmetic-micromanipulation-of-vitrified-warmed-cleavage-stage-embryos-does-not-improve-art-outcomes-an-ultrastructural-study-of-fragments
#2
Somayyeh Safari, Mohammad Ali Khalili, Zeinab Barekati, Iman Halvaei, Morteza Anvari, Stefania A Nottola
The aim was to study the ultrastructure of cytoplasmic fragments along with the effect of cosmetic micromanipulation (CM) on the morphology and development of vitrified-warmed embryos as well as assisted reproductive technology (ART) outcomes. A total of 96 frozen embryo transfer (FET) cycles were included in this prospective randomized study. They were divided into three groups of CM (n=32), sham (n=32) and control (n=32). In the CM group, the vitrified- warmed embryos were subjected to fragments and coarse granules removal (cosmetic micromanipulation) after laser assisted zona hatching (LAH); sham group subjected only to LAH and no intervention was taken for the control group...
May 17, 2017: Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527497/informatics-and-technology-in-resident-education
#3
REVIEW
William Niehaus
Biomedical or clinical informatics is the transdisciplinary field that studies and develops effective uses of biomedical data, information technology innovations, and medical knowledge for scientific inquiry, problem solving, and decision making, with an emphasis on improving human health. Given the ongoing advances in information technology, the field of informatics is becoming important to clinical practice and to residency education. This article will discuss how informatics is specifically relevant to residency education and the different ways to incorporate informatics into residency education, and will highlight applications of current technology in the context of residency education...
May 2017: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527481/rethinking-anatomy-how-to-overcome-challenges-of-medical-education-s-evolution
#4
REVIEW
Bruno Guimarães, Luís Dourado, Stanislav Tsisar, José Miguel Diniz, Maria Dulce Madeira, Maria Amélia Ferreira
INTRODUCTION: Due to scientific and technological development, Medical Education has been readjusting its focus and strategies. Medical curriculum has been adopting a vertical integration model, in which basic and clinical sciences coexist during medical instruction. This context favours the introduction of new complementary technology-based pedagogical approaches. Thus, even traditional core sciences of medical curriculum, like Anatomy, are refocusing their teaching/learning paradigm...
February 27, 2017: Acta Médica Portuguesa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525345/in-vitro-production-of-sudanese-camel-camelus-dromedarius-embryos-from-epididymal-spermatozoa-and-follicular-oocytes-of-slaughtered-animals
#5
A E Abdelkhalek, Sh A Gabr, W A Khalil, Sh M Shamiah, L Pan, G Qin, M H Farouk
Application of assisted reproductive technology in camelidea, such as artificial insemination (AI) and embryo transfer, has been slow in comparison to that for other livestock species. In Egypt, there are few attempts to establish in vitro maturation (IVM) and fertilization (IVF) techniques in dromedary camel. The present study was carried out to produce Sudanese camel embryos using in vitro matured oocytes and epididymal spermatozoa. Dromedary camel ovaries were collected from abattoirs and then, the oocytes were aspirated from all the visible follicles on the ovarian surface (~2-8 mm in a diameter)...
March 28, 2017: Polish Journal of Veterinary Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524753/continuous-mapping-of-the-corticospinal-tracts-in-intramedullary-spinal-cord-tumor-surgery-using-an-electrified-ultrasonic-aspirator
#6
Ori Barzilai, Zvi Lidar, Shlomi Constantini, Khalil Salame, Yifat Bitan-Talmor, Akiva Korn
Intramedullary spinal cord tumors (IMSCTs) represent a rare entity, accounting for 4%-10% of all central nervous system tumors. Microsurgical resection of IMSCTs is currently considered the primary treatment modality. Intraoperative neurophysiological monitoring (IONM) has been shown to aid in maximizing tumor resection and minimizing neurological morbidity, consequently improving patient outcome. The gold standard for IONM to date is multimodality monitoring, consisting of both somatosensory evoked potentials, as well as muscle-based transcranial electric motor evoked potentials (tcMEPs)...
May 19, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery. Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524710/integrating-end-user-feedback-in-the-concept-stage-of-development-of-a-novel-sensor-access-system-for-environmental-control
#7
Susan Koch Fager, Tabatha Sorenson, Susanne Butte, Alexander Nelson, Nilanjan Banerjee, Ryan Robucci
PURPOSE: This article illustrates user-centred design of a novel sensor access system for environmental control in the concept stage of development. METHODS: Focus groups of individuals with disabilities and rehabilitation healthcare professionals were provided with video illustration of the technology and asked to provide quantitative and qualitative feedback through a semistructured interview process. Qualitative methods were employed to analyse transcribed comments to develop themes supporting ongoing development of the technology...
May 19, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524449/technical-feasibility-and-safety-of-image-guided-parieto-occipital-ventricular-catheter-placement-with-the-assistance-of-a-wearable-head-up-display
#8
Jang W Yoon, Robert E Chen, Karim ReFaey, Roberto J Diaz, Ronald Reimer, Ricardo J Komotar, Alfredo Quinones-Hinojosa, Benjamin L Brown, Robert E Wharen
BACKGROUND: Wearable technology is growing in popularity as a result of its ability to interface with normal human movement and function. METHODS: Using proprietary hardware and software, neuronavigation images were captured and transferred wirelessly via a password-encrypted network to the head-up display. The operating surgeon wore a loupe-mounted wearable head-up display during image-guided parieto-occipital ventriculoperitoneal shunt placement in two patients...
May 19, 2017: International Journal of Medical Robotics + Computer Assisted Surgery: MRCAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524114/bath-ambience-a-mechatronic-system-for-assisting-the-caregivers-of-bedridden-people
#9
Karolina Bezerra, José Machado, Vítor Carvalho, Marcelo Castro, Pedro Costa, Demétrio Matos, Filomena Soares
The health of older people is receiving special attention and dedication nowadays, with the aim of increasing their general wellbeing and quality of life. Studies into different aspects of the care of the elderly have found that emphasis should be given to solving problems related to bathing in different situations and environments. In particular, it is important to develop new assistive technologies to streamline and ease the burden of a caregiver's daily tasks. Generally-speaking, in the case of bedridden patients, bathing is typically carried out manually by a caregiver, using towels, sponges, and a water basin...
May 18, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523862/transatlantic-medical-consultation-and-second-opinion-in-pediatric-cardiology-has-benefit-past-patient-care-a-case-study-in-videoconferencing
#10
Lubica Kovacikova, Martin Zahorec, Peter Skrak, Brian D Hanna, R Lee Vogel
BACKGROUND: Telemedicine is a rapidly evolving form of modern information and communication technology used to deliver clinical services and educational activities. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this article is to report and analyze our experience with transatlantic consultation via videoconferencing in pediatric cardiology. METHODS: In February, 2013, videoconferencing project was launched between a medium-volume pediatric cardiac center in Bratislava, Slovakia and subspecialty experts from a high-volume pediatric cardiac program at The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia (CHOP), USA...
May 19, 2017: Congenital Heart Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523429/kir-lilrb-and-their-ligands-genes-as-potential-biomarkers-in-recurrent-implantation-failure
#11
REVIEW
Izabela Nowak, Karolina Wilczyńska, Jacek R Wilczyński, Andrzej Malinowski, Paweł Radwan, Michał Radwan, Piotr Kuśnierczyk
Reproductive failure in humans is a very important social and economic problem, because nowadays women decide to conceive later in life and delay motherhood. Unfortunately, with increasing age they have less chance for natural fertilization and maintenance of pregnancy. Many of them need assisted reproductive technology. Approximately 10% of women after in vitro fertilization-embryo transfers experience recurrent implantation failure (RIF). Multiple factors may contribute to RIF, including oocyte and sperm quality, parental chromosomal anomalies, genetic or metabolic abnormalities of the embryo, poor uterine receptivity, immunological disturbances in the implantation site, and some gynecologic pathologies such as endometriosis, uterine fibroids, hydrosalpinx and endometrial polyps...
May 18, 2017: Archivum Immunologiae et Therapiae Experimentalis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523019/use-of-the-internet-related-to-infertility-by-infertile-women-and-men-in-turkey
#12
Duygu Gulec Satir, Oya Kavlak
OBJECTIVE: To determine differences in use of the Internet related to infertility between infertile women and men, whether they benefit or are negatively affected from information on the Internet, and share this information with health professional. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was carried out with 285 infertile women and 158 men between December 2015 and February 2016. Data were collected by a survey Form which included questions related to sociodemographic characteristics, related to infertility (duration of treatment, type of treatment) and questions about use of the Internet...
March 2017: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522914/one-year-experience-with-computer-assisted-propofol-sedation-for-colonoscopy
#13
Otto S Lin, Danielle La Selva, Richard A Kozarek, Deborah Tombs, Wade Weigel, Ryan Beecher, Johannes Koch, Susan McCormick, Michael Chiorean, Fred Drennan, Michael Gluck, Nanda Venu, Michael Larsen, Andrew Ross
AIM: To report our one-year experience with computer assisted propofol sedation (CAPS) for colonoscopy as the first United States Medical Center to adopt CAPS technology for routine clinical use. METHODS: Between September 2014 and August 2015, 2677 patients underwent elective outpatient colonoscopy with CAPS at our center. All colonoscopies were performed by 1 of 17 gastroenterologists certified in the use of the CAPS system, with the assistance of a specially trained nurse...
April 28, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522745/randomised-controlled-trial-of-stand-alone-tailored-emails-for-smoking-cessation
#14
J Lee Westmaas, Jeuneviette Bontemps-Jones, Peter S Hendricks, Jihye Kim, Lorien C Abroms
INTRODUCTION: Digital technology has created opportunities for delivering smoking cessation assistance at the population level. However, the efficacy of sending multiple, automated, tailored emails providing motivation, support and information for quitting is unknown. METHODS: Smokers planning to quit (n=1070) were randomly assigned to (1) 27 tailored cessation emails (deluxe email group (DEG)), (2) 3 to 4 tailored emails with links to downloadable booklets (basic email group (BEG)) or (3) a single non-tailored email (single email group (SEG))...
May 18, 2017: Tobacco Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522398/study-on-the-synthesis-and-physicochemical-properties-of-starch-acetate-with-low-substitution-under-microwave-assistance
#15
Derong Lin, Wei Zhou, Jingjing Zhao, Weijie Lan, Rongming Chen, Yutong Li, Baoshan Xing, Zhuohao Li, Mengshi Xiao, Zhijun Wu, Xindan Li, Rongna Chen, Xingwen Zhang, Hong Chen, Qing Zhang, Wen Qin, Suqing Li
In this study, synthesis and physicochemical properties of starch acetate with low substitution under microwave were studied. A three-level-three-factorial Central Composite Design using Response Surface Methodology was employed to optimize the reaction conditions. The optimal parameters are as follows: amount of acetic anhydride of 12%, radiation time of 11min, and microwave power of 100W. These optimal conditions predicted by RSM were confirmed that the degree of substitution (DS) of acetate starch is 0.0691mg/g and the physical and chemical properties of natural corn starch (NCS) and corn starch acetate (ACS) were further studied...
May 15, 2017: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522245/pin-site-complications-associated-with-computer-assisted-navigation-in-hip-and-knee-arthroplasty
#16
Eli Kamara, Zachary P Berliner, Matthew S Hepinstall, H John Cooper
BACKGROUND: There has been a great increase in the use of navigation technology in joint arthroplasty. In most types of navigation-assisted surgery, several temporary navigation pins are placed in the patient. Goals of this study are (1) to identify complications and (2) risk factors associated with placement of these pins. METHODS: This is a retrospective cohort study of all navigation-assisted hip and knee arthroplasty performed a single institution over a 3-year period...
April 20, 2017: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521685/weighing-the-impact-of-diet-and-lifestyle-on-female-reproductive-function
#17
Gabriella Garruti, Raffaella De Palo, Maria De Angelisc
In the last years several scientific societies and expert groups focused on the role played by nutritional factors, lifestyle and excess of body fat in interfering with female reproduction and fertility. In many studies a confounding factor is represented by polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) which is one of the major causes of infertility where genetic and family factors are certainly playing a role, together with lifestyle and nutritional factors. In an attempt to define "the optimal fertility diet", we will consider the role played by Mediterranean lifestyle and some macronutrients (animal and vegetable proteins) on ovulatory disorders and female fertility also considering some new visions derived from randomized trials of Lifestyle programs in obese Infertile women asking for in vitro fertilization or alternative assisted reproduction technologies...
May 17, 2017: Current Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521403/comparative-study-on-dosimetry-of-vmat-and-imrt-in-assisted-radiotherapy-after-radical-resection-of-rectal-cancer
#18
Jianguo Shi, Fujun Yang, Xiangbai Ju, Yudong Huang, Fenge Jiang
The present study compared the dosimetric differences of volumetric modulated arc therapy (VMAT) and 7-field intensity modulated radiation therapy technology (7F-IMRT) in assisted radiotherapy plan after resection of rectal carcinoma. Ten cases of patients at stages II-III of rectal cancer transabdominal resection with postoperative pelvic radiotherapy underwent 7F-IMRT and VMAT radiotherapy plan design using the CMS Monaco treatment planning system. We compared the dose distribution, the number of organs at risk and the number of machines in the two groups...
May 2017: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521206/decontamination-of-multiple-heavy-metals-containing-effluents-through-microbial-biotechnology
#19
Minxi Wu, Jingjing Liang, Jie Tang, Guang Li, Shiping Shan, Zhaohui Guo, Le Deng
To decontaminate heavy metal-containing waste water, a microbial biotechnology was developed by using the synergy between Sulfate reducing bacteria (SRB), Bacillus cereus (B. cereus) and Camellia oleifera cake (COC). In this process the COC degradation assisted by B.cereus, created an anoxic environment and provided energy and nutrition for SRB. Both of B. cereus and SRB played significant roles through biosorption, bioaccumulation and biosurfactant production. Meanwhile, a flotation technology commonly used in many effluent treatments has been led into this system for increasing the efficiency as well...
May 5, 2017: Journal of Hazardous Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520723/follicular-size-predicts-success-in-artificial-insemination-with-frozen-thawed-sperm-in-donkeys
#20
Joseph Saragusty, Alemayehu Lemma, Thomas Bernd Hildebrandt, Frank Göritz
In asses, semen collection, cryopreservation, and artificial insemination (AI) with frozen-thawed semen have been scarcely described and success rate, particularly following AI, is reportedly low. In the absence of reliable protocols, assisted reproductive technologies cannot support the conservation efforts aimed at endangered wild ass species and domestic donkey breeds. Two experiments were conducted in this study. In experiment 1 we evaluated freezing Abyssinian donkey (N = 5, 4 ejaculates each) spermatozoa using three freezing extenders (Berliner Cryomedium + glycerol, BC+G; BotuCrio, BOTU; INRAFreeze, INRA) and two cryopreservation techniques (liquid nitrogen vapour, LNV; directional freezing, DF)...
2017: PloS One
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