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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346338/current-cigarette-smoking-among-adults-united-states-2016
#1
Ahmed Jamal, Elyse Phillips, Andrea S Gentzke, David M Homa, Stephen D Babb, Brian A King, Linda J Neff
The U.S. Surgeon General has concluded that the burden of death and disease from tobacco use in the United States is overwhelmingly caused by cigarettes and other combusted tobacco products (1). Cigarettes are the most commonly used tobacco product among U.S. adults, and about 480,000 U.S. deaths per year are caused by cigarette smoking and secondhand smoke exposure (1). To assess progress toward the Healthy People 2020 target of reducing the proportion of U.S. adults aged ≥18 years who smoke cigarettes to ≤12...
January 19, 2018: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338643/high-school-coaches-experiences-with-openly-lesbian-gay-and-bisexual-athletes
#2
Meghan K Halbrook, Jack C Watson, Dana K Voelker
Despite reports that there has been a positive trend in perception and treatment of lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB) individuals in recent years (Griffin, 2012; Loftus, 2001), sport, in general, is still an uncertain, and sometimes even hostile, environment for LGB athletes (Anderson, 2005; Beylin, 2006; Waldron & Krane, 2005). To gain more information on coach understanding and perceptions of the team environment, ten high school head coaches in the United States were interviewed to explore their experiences coaching openly LGB athletes...
January 17, 2018: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330031/mental-health-disorders-mediate-association-of-sexual-minority-identity-with-cardiovascular-disease
#3
Lezhou Wu, Randy L Sell, Alexis M Roth, Seth L Welles
BACKGROUND: Little is known about cardiovascular health disparities for lesbian, gay, or bisexual (LGB) persons and whether these disparities are mediated by mental health disorders due to sexual minority stress. We hypothesize LGB identity is associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD) and that major depressive disorder (MDD) and generalized anxiety disorders (GAD) may mediate this association. METHODS: The National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions is a longitudinal, nationally-representative study of non-institutionalized U...
January 9, 2018: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319437/backlash-or-a-positive-response-public-opinion-of-lgb-issues-after-obergefell-v-hodges
#4
Emily Kazyak, Mathew Stange
Following Obergefell v. Hodges, same-sex marriage remains controversial and anti-LGBT state legislation has been passed, which raises questions about whether the Supreme Court's ruling may have created a backlash. We use data from two waves of a general population survey of Nebraskans conducted before and after the decision to answer three questions. First, we test three theories of how the Court decision influenced public opinion. We find that support for same-sex marriage was significantly higher following the ruling, suggesting that there was not a backlash to it...
January 10, 2018: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319435/black-lgb-identities-and-perceptions-of-same-sex-marriage
#5
Jess Lee
The 2015 SCOTUS ruling legalizing same-sex marriage was hailed as a universal victory for the lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB) community, but the pervasive support mobilized to achieve this goal may mask important dissension and inequality within the community. Specifically, how race may shape or perpetuate inequalities in the LGB community through same-sex marriage has largely been absent from the discussion. Focusing on the perceived impact of same-sex marriage in respondents' lives, I investigate the relationship between black LGBs' perception of same-sex marriage legalization and their intersectional identities and community membership...
January 10, 2018: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313191/paths-to-parenthood-among-self-identified-bisexual-individuals-in-the-united-states
#6
Jessamyn Bowling, Brian Dodge, Elizabeth Bartelt, Megan Simmons, J Dennis Fortenberry
Bisexual parents have been notably absent from prior research on parenting, despite comprising the largest proportion of parents among "lesbian, gay, and bisexual" (LGB) individuals. Indeed, recent national probability data indicate that young bisexual women are more likely than their heterosexual counterparts to report having at least one child. Intentions to have children, patterns of family planning and contraception use, and related issues have important implications for health and healthcare-related decisions and priorities among bisexual parents...
January 8, 2018: Archives of Sexual Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29303404/prevalence-of-substance-use-among-lesbian-gay-bisexual-and-transgender-youth-in-military-families-findings-from-the-california-healthy-kids-survey
#7
Kris Tunac De Pedro, Holly Shim-Pelayo
BACKGROUND: In addition to the challenges associated with military life, lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) youth in military families may face stressors associated with having a stigmatized sexual orientation and/or gender identity or expression, placing them at risk of substance use. To the authors' knowledge, this is the first study exploring substance use outcomes among LGBT youth in military families. OBJECTIVES: This study assessed the role of military connection, LGB identity, and transgender identity on lifetime and past 30-day substance use...
January 5, 2018: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29297777/the-one-child-policy-eldercare-and-lgb-chinese-a-social-policy-explanation-for-family-pressure
#8
Timothy Hildebrandt
Lesbian, gay and bisexual (LGB) people in China consistently report family pressure as the greatest challenge they face in their daily lives. This problem has been primarily explained by highlighting sociocultural factors. While such explanations are important to understanding family pressure, they do not easily lead to actionable policy interventions to relieve it. This article suggests a new way of looking at family pressure by positing a social policy explanation. In particular, it reveals how both the one-child policy and eldercare reforms have strong heteronormative biases which negatively and disproportionately affect LGB people and explores social policy interventions that may help address them...
January 3, 2018: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294981/patterns-of-bullying-behavior-by-sexual-orientation
#9
Jeremy T Goldbach, Henry Fisher Raymond, Claire M Burgess
Bullying has a long-lasting effect on both victims and their perpetrators; however, there is little literature dedicated to understanding the roles of sexual minority adolescents beyond being a victim or the specific types of bullying behaviors (verbal, relational, physical) in which sexual minority adolescents engage. Even less is known about the experiences of mostly heterosexual youth, as distinct from their lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB) peers. This exploratory study sought to identify sexual orientation differences in bullying behavior participation using a random cluster sample obtained from a county school district in the Southeastern United States...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294932/rape-myth-acceptance-among-lesbian-gay-bisexual-and-mostly-heterosexual-college-students
#10
Meredith G F Worthen
Although there is a wealth of existing research on various correlates and patterns of rape myth acceptance (RMA), including how RMA relates to homophobia (i.e., antigay and antilesbian perspectives) and negativity toward lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB) men and women rape victims, no research to date has specifically focused on RMA among LGB and "mostly heterosexual" men and women. The current study examines how gender, sexual identity, personal experiences with rape (i.e., knowing/being a survivor), feminist identity, patriarchal gender norms, attitudes toward lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) people, and the interactions among these relate to LGB college students' ( n = 389; 24% gay/lesbian, 19% bisexual, 57% mostly heterosexual) RMA using the Illinois Rape Myth Acceptance Scale-Short Form...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294847/exploring-school-victimization-and-weapon-carrying-among-military-connected-lesbian-gay-bisexual-and-transgender-youth-in-california-schools
#11
Kris Tunac De Pedro, Monica Christina Esqueda
Military-connected youth often experience daily stressors that affect their academic success and social and emotional development. Stressors such as multiple deployments and frequent school transitions may weaken the social ties that military-connected youth have with school communities, placing them at risk of social alienation and victimization. Within this youth population, military-connected lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) youth may be especially at risk of school victimization. However, to the authors' knowledge, no empirical studies have been conducted on the school experiences of military-connected LGBT youth...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294810/hate-crimes-against-trans-people-assessing-emotions-behaviors-and-attitudes-toward-criminal-justice-agencies
#12
Mark A Walters, Jennifer Paterson, Rupert Brown, Liz McDonnell
Based on a survey of 593 lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) people in the United Kingdom, this study shows that direct anti-LGBT hate crimes (measured by direct experiences of victimization) and indirect anti-LGBT hate crimes (measured by personally knowing other victims of hate crime) are highly prolific and frequent experiences for LGBT people. Our findings show that trans people are particularly susceptible to hate crimes, both in terms of prevalence and frequency. This article additionally highlights the negative emotional and (intended) behavioral reactions that were correlated with an imagined hate crime scenario, showing that trans people are more likely to experience heightened levels of threat, vulnerability, and anxiety compared with non-trans LGB people...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294763/physical-and-sexual-teen-dating-violence-victimization-and-sexual-identity-among-u-s-high-school-students-2015
#13
Emily O'Malley Olsen, Alana Vivolo-Kantor, Laura Kann
Lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB) youth are at risk for many negative behaviors associated with teen dating violence victimization (TDVV). This study describes the prevalence of physical and sexual TDVV by sexual identity and quantifies the increased risk for TDVV among LGB youth compared with heterosexual youth. The participants for this study were students in Grades 9 to 12 participating in the 2015 national Youth Risk Behavior Survey (YRBS) who responded to questions ascertaining sexual identity and both physical and sexual TDVV...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29274018/examining-the-lesbian-gay-and-bisexual-identity-scale-among-members-of-an-alternative-sexuality-special-interest-group
#14
Robert J Cramer, Frank D Golom, Tess M Gemberling, Kristen Trost, Robin Lewis, Susan Wright
The present study contributes to a growing body of literature developing psychometrically and theoretically grounded measures of sexual orientation minority identity. We tested psychometric properties and construct validity of a 27-item measure, the Lesbian, Gay, and Bisexual Identity Scale (LGBIS). The sample consisted of 475 adult (178 male, 237 female, 16 male-to-female, 14 female-to-male, and 30 gender queer persons) members of a special interest group, the National Coalition for Sexual Freedom. Participants completed a health needs questionnaire...
December 22, 2017: Archives of Sexual Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236561/substance-use-among-sexual-minorities-has-it-actually-gotten-better
#15
Ryan J Watson, Carol Goodenow, Carolyn Porta, Jones Adjei, Elizabeth Saewyc
BACKGROUND: Despite efforts to decrease substance use, rates among sexual minority youth (SMY) remain higher than among heterosexuals. Substance use is a leading contributor to morbidity and mortality in adulthood, and SMY's use of substances is related to poorer mental and emotional health. OBJECTIVES: We sought to document the trends in substance use for a large sample of youth over 14 years with special attention to SMY. In addition, we tested whether there were disparities in substance use behaviors between SMY and heterosexual youth...
December 13, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223563/sexual-identity-adverse-childhood-experiences-and-suicidal-behaviors
#16
Kristen Clements-Nolle, Taylor Lensch, Amberlee Baxa, Christopher Gay, Sandra Larson, Wei Yang
PURPOSE: The objective of this study was to examine the influence of sexual identity and adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) on suicidal behaviors in a population-based sample of high school students. METHODS: A two-stage cluster random sampling design was used to recruit 5,108 students from 97 high schools. A total of 4,955 students (97%) provided information that allowed for classification of sexual identity into three groups: (1) lesbian, gay, or bisexual (LGB) (10%); (2) not sure (4...
December 6, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223368/transport-of-polymer-stabilized-nano-scale-zero-valent-iron-in-porous-media
#17
Pulin K Mondal, Paul D Furbacher, Ziteng Cui, Magdalena M Krol, Brent E Sleep
This study presents a set of laboratory-scale transport experiments and numerical simulations evaluating carboxymethyl cellulose (CMC) polymer stabilized nano-scale zero-valent iron (nZVI) transport. The experiments, performed in a glass-walled two-dimensional (2D) porous medium system, were conducted to identify the effects of water specific discharge and CMC concentration on nZVI transport and to produce data for model validation. The transport and movement of a tracer lissamine green B® (LGB) dye, CMC, and CMC-nZVI were evaluated through analysis of the breakthrough curves (BTCs) at the outlets, the time-lapsed images of the plume, and retained nZVI in the sandbox...
November 21, 2017: Journal of Contaminant Hydrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222737/differences-by-sexual-orientation-in-perceptions-of-neighborhood-cohesion-implications-for-health
#18
Carrie Henning-Smith, Gilbert Gonzales
A large body of research documents the relationship between health and place, including the positive association between neighborhood cohesion and health. However, very little research has examined neighborhood cohesion by sexual orientation. This paper addresses that gap by examining differences in perceived neighborhood cohesion by sexual orientation. We use data from the 2016 National Health Interview Survey (n = 28,164 respondents aged 18 years and older) to examine bivariate differences by sexual orientation in four measures of neighborhood cohesion...
December 8, 2017: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220634/justification-suppression-and-normative-window-of-prejudice-as-determinants-of-bias-toward-lesbians-gays-and-bisexual-adoption-applicants
#19
Alicia DeVault, Monica K Miller
Despite gains in equality for lesbians, gays, and bisexuals (LGB), these couples still face discrimination in adoption scenarios. Guided by the normative window of prejudice and the justification-suppression model, participants read about a suitable or unsuitable couple applying to adopt a child. Participants indicated whether the couple should be allowed to adopt the child and how committed the couple is to being parents. Heterosexuals were perceived as less committed parents compared to LGB parents; sexual orientation was not related to adoption decisions...
December 8, 2017: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29199907/gaydar-marriage-and-rip-roaring-homosexuals-discourses-about-homosexuality-in-dear-abby-and-ann-landers-advice-columns-1967-1982
#20
Patrick M Johnson, Kwame A Holmes
Over the past 70 years, the history of acceptance of the Lesbian, Gay and Bisexual (LGB) community within the United States has seen much change and fluctuation. One of the places that this dialogue has been preserved is through the syndicated advice columns of Dear Abby and Ann Landers, in which individuals in the United States were writing in for advice to deal with their anxiety over a newly emerging and highly visible new community of individuals once considered to be mentally ill and dangerous. Using discourse analysis, this article traces the evolution of public and scientific opinions about the LGBT community during the years leading up to the Stonewall riots all the way to right before the AIDs epidemic...
December 4, 2017: Journal of Homosexuality
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