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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132439/the-proportion-of-the-population-of-england-that-self-identifies-as-lesbian-gay-or-bisexual-producing-modelled-estimates-based-on-national-social-surveys
#1
Sanne Christine van Kampen, William Lee, Mauro Fornasiero, Kerryn Husk
OBJECTIVES: There is currently no widely accepted estimate of the proportion of people in England that self-identifies as lesbian, gay or bisexual (LGB), which is needed if we are to compare health inequality between different population groups. Using systematic review methods, this study identified all national social surveys with a question on sexual orientation and pooled those which represented the overall population of England. LGB proportions were synthesized into an aggregated mean estimate using weights based on sample size, response rate and missing data...
November 13, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121001/tobacco-product-use-among-adults-united-states-2015
#2
Elyse Phillips, Teresa W Wang, Corinne G Husten, Catherine G Corey, Benjamin J Apelberg, Ahmed Jamal, David M Homa, Brian A King
Tobacco use remains the leading cause of preventable disease and death in the United States (1). Despite declining cigarette smoking prevalence among U.S. adults, shifts in the tobacco product landscape have occurred in recent years (2,3). Previous estimates of tobacco product use among U.S. adults were obtained from the National Adult Tobacco Survey, which ended after the 2013-2014 cycle. This year, CDC and the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) assessed the most recent national estimates of tobacco product use among adults aged ≥18 years using, for the first time, data from the 2015 National Health Interview Survey (NHIS), an annual, nationally representative, in-person survey of the noninstitutionalized U...
November 10, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118731/the-indirect-effect-of-emotion-regulation-on-minority-stress-and-problematic-substance-use-in-lesbian-gay-and-bisexual-individuals
#3
Andrew H Rogers, Ilana Seager, Nathaniel Haines, Hunter Hahn, Amelia Aldao, Woo-Young Ahn
Lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB) individuals report higher levels of problematic alcohol and substance use than their heterosexual peers. This disparity is linked to the experience of LGB-specific stressors, termed minority stress. Additionally, bisexual individuals show increased rates of psychopathology, including problematic alcohol and substance use, above and beyond lesbian and gay individuals. However, not everyone experiencing minority stress reports increased rates of alcohol and substance misuse. Emotion regulation (ER), which plays a critical role in psychopathology in general, is theorized to modulate the link between minority stress and psychopathology...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111903/suicide-acceptability-and-sexual-orientation-results-from-the-general-social-survey-2008-2014
#4
John R Blosnich, Megan C Lytle, Robert W S Coulter, Darren L Whitfield
OBJECTIVES: Lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB) individuals have higher prevalence of lifetime suicide ideation and attempt than their heterosexual peers, but less is known about differences in suicide acceptability (i.e., believing suicide is a viable answer to a problem). The purpose of this study was to examine if LGB adults had greater suicide acceptability than heterosexual adults. METHODS: Four items in the General Social Surveys from 2008-2014 assessed whether a nationally representative sample of US adult respondents (n = 5,037) thought it acceptable for individuals to kill themselves if one: goes bankrupt, dishonors their family, is tired of living, or has an incurable disease...
November 7, 2017: Archives of Suicide Research: Official Journal of the International Academy for Suicide Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108521/minority-stressors-rumination-and-psychological-distress-in-monozygotic-twins-discordant-for-sexual-minority-status
#5
Liam Timmins, Katharine A Rimes, Qazi Rahman
BACKGROUND: Lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB) individuals report higher levels of depression and anxiety than heterosexual people. Genetic factors may be a 'common cause' of sexual minority status and psychological distress. Alternatively, these may be correlated because of non-genetic environmental factors (e.g. minority stressors). This study investigated minority stressors and distress in monozygotic twins discordant for sexual minority status. This design provides a test of the role of non-shared environmental factors while minimizing differences due to genetics...
November 7, 2017: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105126/sexual-orientation-among-icelandic-year-10-adolescents-changes-in-health-and-life-satisfaction-from-2006-to-2014
#6
Einar Baldvin Thorsteinsson, Natasha M Loi, Sigrun Sveinbjornsdottir, Arsaell Arnarsson
Minority sexual orientation may add additional stresses to the period of adolescence thus affecting mental health and wellbeing. The whole population of year 10 students in 2006, 2010, and 2014 in Iceland were surveyed as part of the Health Behaviour in School-aged Children Survey. Sexual orientation could be identified in 1,994 participants from 2006 (43.8% of population; 988 girls), 3,777 from 2010 (78.6%; 1,863 girls) and 3,526 in 2014 (80.1%; 1,731 girls). About 3.1%, 3.6%, and 4.4% were identified as lesbian, gay, or bisexual (LGB) in 2006, 2010, and 2014, respectively...
December 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29099330/military-healthcare-providers-knowledge-and-comfort-regarding-the-medical-care-of-active-duty-lesbian-gay-and-bisexual-patients
#7
Caitlyn M Rerucha, Lloyd A Runser, Juliana S Ee, Elizabeth G Hersey
PURPOSE: This study assessed military healthcare providers' knowledge, clinical practice, and comfort in caring for active duty (AD) lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB) patients. METHODS: Primary care providers at Fort Bragg, North Carolina were surveyed anonymously. RESULTS: The response rate was 28% (n = 40). Almost two-thirds of the respondents felt comfortable discussing sexual health with AD patients, but only 5% inquired about same-sex sexual activity...
November 3, 2017: LGBT Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29072535/americans-gender-attitudes-at-the-intersection-of-sexual-orientation-and-gender
#8
Eric Anthony Grollman
Extensive research on differences in women's and men's gender attitudes and more recent work on sexual orientation differences in social attitudes have overlooked the potential intersection between gender and sexual orientation in predicting Americans' gender attitudes. I use data from the 2012 American National Election Survey 2012 to investigate differences in views on gender roles, gender discrimination and inequality, and abortion among lesbian and bisexual women, gay and bisexual men, heterosexual women, and heterosexual men...
October 26, 2017: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29072528/discrimination-subjective-well-being-and-the-role-of-gender-a-mediation-model-of-lgb-minority-stress
#9
Sarah E Conlin, Richard P Douglass, Staci Ouch
The present study examined the link between discrimination and Diener's (1984) three components of subjective well-being (positive and negative affect and life satisfaction) among a cisgender sample of lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB) adults. Specifically, we investigated internalized homonegativity and expectations of rejection as potential mediators of the links between discrimination and subjective well-being among a sample of 215 participants. Results from our structural equation model demonstrated a strong, positive direct link between discrimination and negative affect...
October 26, 2017: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29064143/lesbian-gay-and-bisexual-lgb-people-s-experiences-of-nursing-health-care-an-emancipatory-nursing-practice-integrative-review
#10
Mercy Nhamo-Murire, Catriona Ida Macleod
AIM: To review current research on lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB) individuals' experience of nursing services from an emancipatory nursing practice framework. BACKGROUND: As LGB issues are marginalized in health care, it is important to understand LGB individuals' experiences of nursing. DESIGN: An integrative literature review using critical analysis based on an emancipatory nursing practice framework was conducted. DATA SOURCES: A search of all English nursing journals in the World of Science database was conducted...
October 24, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29056030/health-disparities-between-lesbian-gay-and-bisexual-adults-and-the-general-population-in-south-korea-rainbow-connection-project-i
#11
Horim Yi, Hyemin Lee, Jooyoung Park, Bokyoung Choi, Seung-Sup Kim
Objectives: This study aims to investigate health disparities between lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB) adults and the general population in South Korea, where there is low public acceptance of sexual minorities and a dearth of research on the health of sexual minorities. Methods: The research team conducted a nationwide survey of 2,335 Korean LGB adults in 2016. Using the dataset, we estimated the age-standardized prevalence ratios (SPR) for poor self-rated health, musculoskeletal pain, depressive symptoms, suicidal behaviors, smoking, and hazardous drinking...
October 19, 2017: Epidemiology and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053409/amnestic-heterosexism-and-bystander-responses-to-anti-gay-bullying
#12
Jennifer Katz, Dillon Federici, Tess Ramos-Dries
Amnestic heterosexism (AH) reflects the belief that, in contemporary society, people who are lesbian, gay, or bisexual (LGB) no longer experience discrimination related to sexual orientation. We investigated potential associations between individuals' AH beliefs and their responses to anti-gay bullying. Heterosexual undergraduates (N = 238) completed a measure of AH before responding to a scenario in which a man accuses another man of being a "fag." As expected, those with greater AH beliefs perceived the situation as less severe/dangerous, felt less personally responsible to intervene, and were more blaming toward the target of bullying...
October 20, 2017: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043846/-gay-equals-white-racial-ethnic-and-sexual-identities-and-attitudes-toward-lgbt-individuals-among-college-students-at-a-bible-belt-university
#13
Meredith G F Worthen
While past research has certainly explored a variety of correlates of attitudes toward lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) individuals, the current study is among the first in an emerging line of inquiry that examines attitudes toward each of these groups separately utilizing an intersectional framework with special attention to racial, ethnic, and sexual identities. Using a college sample of students from the Bible Belt of the United States (N = 1,940), I investigated the roles of racial and ethnic identities (Caucasian/White, African American/Black, Asian/Pacific Islander, Native American/Alaskan Native, other race, and Hispanic/Latinx), religiosity, patriarchal gender norms, parental perspectives, and the intersections among these identities and experiences as they relate to attitudes toward LGBT individuals among heterosexual (n = 1,551) and LGB respondents (n = 389)...
October 18, 2017: Journal of Sex Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29039769/-their-packaging-has-always-been-like-a-power-a-qualitative-study-of-u-s-smokers-perceptions-of-cigarette-pack-visual-design-features-to-inform-product-regulation
#14
Joseph G L Lee, Paige E Averett, Tiffany Blanchflower, Nunzio Landi, Kyle R Gregory
Cigarette packaging matters to consumer behavior. However, it is less clear which changes to packaging design would be salient for adult smokers. Such information is critically important to regulators in the United States who are charged with reviewing new tobacco products for their impact on population health. In this qualitative study, U.S. adult smokers (n = 33) participated in six telephone-based focus groups in March 2017. Separate groups were comprised of lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB) participants; participants with less than four years of post-secondary education; a mix of LGB and straight participants; and, the general population...
October 17, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28956629/development-of-an-lgb-specific-health-literacy-scale
#15
Michele J Eliason, Predair Robinson, Kimberly Balsam
No studies to date have examined health literacy among lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB) individuals, nor considered whether LGB-specific health literacy might be a contributing factor to well-documented health disparities in LGB populations. This pilot study gathered online survey data from a national convenience sample of 232 LGB adults age 40 and older. A scale developed specifically for this study had 10 items related to general health literacy and 10 items related to LGB-specific health information and skills...
September 28, 2017: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28954971/incongruous-incomplete-homonymous-hemianopia-due-to-an-infarction-localized-to-the-lateral-geniculate-body
#16
Kanta Tanaka, Ikko Wada, Toshihiko Suenaga
A 45-year-old male was admitted with an acute-onset visual field defect. Goldmann perimetry revealed an incongruent, incomplete right homonymous hemianopia. The left eye showed a wedge-shaped, horizontal right hemianopia, whereas the right eye showed constriction of the right visual hemifield. MRI showed acute infarction localized to the left lateral geniculate body (LGB). LGB has a dual blood supply: from the anterior choroidal artery and from the lateral posterior choroidal artery (LPChA). The LPChA territory of LGB receives projection from the retinal area around the macula and horizontal meridian...
October 27, 2017: Rinshō Shinkeigaku, Clinical Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929946/egalitarian-from-homophile-to-helicophile-in-post-ww2-america
#17
Diederik F Janssen
The presidency of gender in the Anglo-American taxonomy of sexualities has historically been haunted by the irruption of "other" parameters of medicalization, censure and caesura, not in the least absolute and relative measures of age. Where today's clinical psychologists feel the need to age-specify adult homosexuality in such Hirschfeldian terms as androphilia, however, the felt need is indeed still essentially clinical. That cosmopolitan expressions such as homosexual, LGB or queer rarely require such specifications relies on a protracted and today arguably complete disarticulation of sex/gender and age/maturity as parameters of sexual orientation, accreditation and mobilization...
September 20, 2017: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928340/a-first-step-in-addressing-medical-education-curriculum-gaps-in-lesbian-gay-bisexual-and-transgender-related-content-the-university-of-louisville-lesbian-gay-bisexual-and-transgender-health-certificate-program
#18
Susan Sawning, Stacie Steinbock, Rachel Croley, Ryan Combs, Ann Shaw, Toni Ganzel
BACKGROUND: Individuals who are lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender (LGBT), gender nonconforming, and/or born with differences of sex development have specific health needs and significant health disparities exacerbated by a lack of training among health professionals. The University of Louisville LGBT Health Certificate Program used an interdisciplinary approach to increase training, potentially enabling future physicians to provide quality healthcare to LGBT patients. METHODS: A pretest-post-test design was used to investigate medical students' (n = 39) attitude and knowledge outcomes after program participation...
May 2017: Education for Health: Change in Training & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903647/intergroup-contact-and-social-change-implications-of-negative-and-positive-contact-for-collective-action-in-advantaged-and-disadvantaged-groups
#19
Nils Karl Reimer, Julia C Becker, Angelika Benz, Oliver Christ, Kristof Dhont, Ulrich Klocke, Sybille Neji, Magdalena Rychlowska, Katharina Schmid, Miles Hewstone
Previous research has shown that (a) positive intergroup contact with an advantaged group can discourage collective action among disadvantaged-group members and (b) positive intergroup contact can encourage advantaged-group members to take action on behalf of disadvantaged outgroups. Two studies investigated the effects of negative as well as positive intergroup contact. Study 1 ( n = 482) found that negative but not positive contact with heterosexual people was associated with sexual-minority students' engagement in collective action (via group identification and perceived discrimination)...
January 2017: Personality & Social Psychology Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28857577/sexual-orientation-differences-in-functional-limitations-disability-and-mental-health-services-use-results-from-the-2013-2014-national-health-interview-survey
#20
Susan D Cochran, Charlotte Björkenstam, Vickie M Mays
OBJECTIVES: The authors investigated sexual orientation differences in risk for mental health morbidity, functional limitations/disability, and mental health services use among adults interviewed in the nationally representative 2013-2014 National Health Interview Survey. METHOD: Respondents were 68,816 adults (67,152 heterosexual and 1,664 lesbian, gay, and bisexual [LGB] individuals), age 18 and older. Fully structured interviews assessed sexual orientation identity, health status, and services use...
August 31, 2017: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
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