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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916220/preventive-and-primary-care-for-lesbian-gay-and-bisexual-patients
#1
REVIEW
Sarah R Floyd, Deidre M Pierce, Stephen A Geraci
Among the minorities underserved by today׳s healthcare system, the lesbian, gay and bisexual (LGB) population may be the least studied, and the least understood by healthcare providers. High-quality evidence is often lacking regarding optimal preventive care measures, both in medical areas that (to date) fail to identify differences in need between LGB and heterosexual patients, and in those more prevalent in or more specific (or both) to sexual minorities. Issues of substance abuse, sexual health and sexually transmitted diseases, obesity and other eating disorders, cardiovascular prevention, cancer prevention and screening, depression and other psychological disorders, social isolation and personal and intimate partner violence are all as or more important to address in LGB patients as they are in the general American population...
December 2016: American Journal of the Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27897455/sexual-behavior-definitions-of-sex-and-the-role-of-self-partner-context-among-lesbian-gay-and-bisexual-adults
#2
Kelsey K Sewell, Larissa A McGarrity, Donald S Strassberg
Prior research has examined how heterosexual individuals define sex; however, these studies have rarely focused on sexual minority individuals or included a full range of applicable sexual behaviors. Participants were recruited from a local Pride Festival across two years. Study 1 (N = 329) was primarily descriptive and examined which physically intimate behaviors lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB) participants included in their definitions of sex and the behaviors in which they had previously engaged. Study 2 (N = 393) utilized a between-subjects design to assess differences in definitions of sex when judging one's own behavior compared with that of a partner outside of the relationship...
November 29, 2016: Journal of Sex Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886724/sexual-orientation-differences-in-attitudes-about-sexuality-race-and-gender
#3
Eric Anthony Grollman
Researchers have extensively documented sociodemographic predictors of race and gender attitudes, and the mechanisms through which such attitudes are formed and change. Despite its growing recognition as an important status characteristic, sexual orientation has received little attention as a predictor of Americans' race and gender attitudes. Using nationally representative data from the American National Election Survey 2012 Time Series Study, I compare heterosexuals' and lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB) people's attitudes about sexuality, race, and gender...
January 2017: Social Science Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884498/early-sexual-debut-and-associated-risk-behaviors-among-sexual-minority-youth
#4
Richard Lowry, Richard Dunville, Leah Robin, Laura Kann
INTRODUCTION: Early sexual debut, sexual risk taking, substance use, violent victimization, and suicidal behaviors are more prevalent among sexual minority than sexual nonminority youth. Although associations between early sexual debut and these risk behaviors exist, little is known about such associations among sexual minority youth. This study examined these associations among sexual minority U.S. high school students and their sexual nonminority peers. METHODS: In 2015, the national Youth Risk Behavior Survey included questions assessing sexual orientation for the first time...
November 21, 2016: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27773906/lateral-geniculate-body-presenting-only-hemorrhage-homonymous-hemianopia-a-case-report
#5
Haruki Tokida, Yuhei Kanaya, Yutaka Shimoe, Shigeru Yamori, Koichi Tagawa, Masaru Kuriyama
We report a case of a 55-year-old man who developed acute-onset narrowing of his visual field. He showed right homonymous hemianopsia without any other neurological symptoms and signs. Brain CT and MRI showed localized hemorrhage (about 1.6 ml) in the left lateral geniculate body (LGB). A cerebral angiography showed no vascular anomalies of cerebral vessels, and the left anterior choroidal artery and left lateral posterior choroidal artery could be visualized well. He had hypertension, polycythemia and dyslipidemia and was a habitual smoker and an alcoholic...
November 29, 2016: Rinshō Shinkeigaku, Clinical Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27769835/older-age-associated-with-mental-health-resiliency-in-sexual-minority-us-veterans
#6
Joan K Monin, Natalie Mota, Becca Levy, John Pachankis, Robert H Pietrzak
OBJECTIVES: Objectives were to: (a) identify the mental health needs of older and younger sexual minority and heterosexual U.S. veterans and (b) examine whether sexual minority status confers vulnerability or resiliency in older adulthood. Support and trauma exposure were examined as potential mechanisms for age by sexual orientation differences. METHODS: Participants were a nationally representative sample of 3,095 U.S. veterans (ages 21 to 96 years). Measures included demographics, military characteristics, sexual orientation (lesbian, gay, or bisexual; LGB), social support, trauma, and mental health indicators (lifetime and present depression and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD); lifetime anxiety and suicidal ideation)...
September 23, 2016: American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27759480/sexual-orientation-disparities-in-the-use-of-emerging-drugs
#7
Jeremy T Goldbach, Ethan H Mereish, Claire Burgess
BACKGROUND: Prescription drug, e-cigarette, smokeless tobacco, and synthetic marijuana use has risen dramatically in the United States over the past decade. OBJECTIVES: This paper investigates the use of risky substances among adolescents, and examines disparities between sexual minority (i.e., mostly heterosexual and lesbian, gay, bisexual; LGB) and heterosexual adolescents in use of novel and emerging substances. Given the public health risk and the imminence of these substances in the media, emerging drug use was examined in a county wide sample of adolescents in a Southern state...
October 19, 2016: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27754793/psychometric-properties-of-the-lesbian-gay-and-bisexual-identity-scale-turkish-lgbis-tr
#8
Gülşah Kemer, Ezgi Toplu Demirtaş, Amber L Pope, Esra Ummak
The aim of the current study was to examine the psychometric properties of the Lesbian, Gay, and Bisexual Identity Scale (LGBIS; Mohr & Kendra, 2011) in a Turkish sample. Three hundred and ten LGB individuals participated and completed the Turkish version of the LGBIS (LGBIS-TR) along with the Satisfaction with Life, Positive and Negative Affect, and Self-Compassion Scales. Confirmatory factor analysis results yielded a good-fit for eight subscales of the LGBIS-TR. We also obtained satisfactory criterion validity and internal consistency reliability...
October 18, 2016: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27747898/are-we-there-yet-faculty-members-beliefs-and-teaching-practices-related-to-the-ethical-treatment-of-lesbian-gay-and-bisexual-clients
#9
Christi R McGeorge, Thomas Stone Carlson, Candice A Maier
The purpose of this study was to explore (a) faculty members' beliefs about the ethics of reparative therapy and referring lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB) clients, (b) course content related to reparative therapy and referral of LGB clients, and (c) positions taken by programs associated with reparative therapy and referral of LGB clients. A total of 117 faculty members from accredited family therapy programs completed an online survey for this study. While the vast majority of faculty members reported that reparative therapy is unethical, there was less agreement related to the ethics of referring LGB clients, which may highlight the need for clearer ethical guidelines to regulate this potentially harmful practice...
October 17, 2016: Journal of Marital and Family Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27728830/-it-s-how-we-deal-perceptions-of-lgb-peers-use-of-alcohol-and-other-drugs-to-cope-and-sexual-minority-adults-own-coping-motivated-substance-use-following-the-pulse-nightclub-shooting
#10
Sarah C Boyle, Joseph W LaBrie, Lauren D Costine, Yong D Witkovic
Sexual minority stress experiences (e.g. prejudice, victimization, etc.) and peer substance use norms (e.g. peers' frequency of use and quantity consumed) are important correlates of alcohol and drug use in sexual minority populations. The current study incorporates both of these by examining LGB individuals' perceptions of peers' use of alcohol and other drugs to cope with a sexual minority stressor, and whether perceptions of peer coping norms relate to one's own coping-motivated substance use in response to the stressor...
October 5, 2016: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27726496/differences-in-healthcare-access-use-and-experiences-within-a-community-sample-of-racially-diverse-lesbian-gay-bisexual-transgender-and-questioning-emerging-adults
#11
Kathryn Macapagal, Ramona Bhatia, George J Greene
PURPOSE: Health services research involving lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, queer, and questioning (LGBTQ) individuals has focused on differences in healthcare access, use, and experiences between cisgender, heterosexual adults and LGBTQ adults. Yet these factors may differ within the LGBTQ community and have not been well-studied among emerging adults (18-29 years), a group with unique barriers to healthcare. We sought to characterize healthcare challenges within a sample of LGBTQ emerging adults...
December 2016: LGBT Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27718220/discrimination-internalized-homonegativity-and-attitudes-toward-children-of-same-sex-parents-can-secure-attachment-buffer-against-stigma-internalization
#12
Leora Trub, Ella Quinlan, Tyrel J Starks, Lisa Rosenthal
With increasing numbers of same-sex couples raising children in the United States, discriminatory attitudes toward children of same-sex parents (ACSSP) are of increasing concern. As with other forms of stigma and discrimination, lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB) individuals are at risk for internalizing these societal attitudes, which can negatively affect parenting-related decisions and behaviors and the mental and physical health of their children. Secure attachment is characterized by positive views of the self as loveable and worthy of care that are understood to develop in early relationships with caregivers...
October 8, 2016: Family Process
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27681012/invisible-scars-comparing-the-mental-health-of-lgb-and-heterosexual-intimate-partner-violence-survivors
#13
Byron Miller, Jessica Irvin
Intimate partner violence (IPV) impacts countless women and men in lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB) as well as heterosexual relationships, but few studies have examined how such abuse is associated with the mental health of LGB victims. The present study addresses this issue using data from the 2006 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) survey to examine differences in depression and anxiety among IPV victims in LGB and heterosexual partnerships. The findings indicate LGB IPV victims are much more likely to have a history of depression (OR 1...
September 28, 2016: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27664061/state-and-local-policies-related-to-sexual-orientation-in-the-united-states
#14
Ryan Cramer, Sarah Hexem, Archana LaPollo, Kendra M Cuffe, Harrell W Chesson, Jami S Leichliter
Poorer health suffered by lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB) populations may be associated with public policies. We collected the laws that in 2013 prohibited discrimination based on sexual orientation from 50 United States (US) states, the District of Columbia (Washington, DC or DC), and the 30 most populous US metropolitan areas. To facilitate future research, we coded certain aspects of these laws to create a dataset. We generated descriptive statistics by jurisdiction type and tested for regional differences in state law using Chi-square tests...
September 23, 2016: Journal of Public Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27664060/researching-lgb-health-and-social-policy-methodological-issues-and-future-directions
#15
Nathaniel M Lewis
Researchers interested in sexual minority health are beginning to examine contextual and environmental determinants of health such as neighbourhoods, health services, and social policies. Efforts to catalogue and systematise policies relating to the health of lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB) individuals are therefore central in uncovering more comprehensive determinants of LGB health. This commentary identifies the links between social policy and LGB health, some methodological concerns of spatial analyses in this research area, and some future research directions...
September 23, 2016: Journal of Public Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27633316/the-lgb-mormon-paradox-mental-physical-and-self-rated-health-among-mormon-and-non-mormon-lgb-individuals-in-the-utah-behavioral-risk-factor-surveillance-system
#16
Stephen Cranney
Much of the literature on mental and physical health among religious LGB individuals has relied on small-N convenience samples. This study takes advantage of a unique, large-N, population-based dataset to test the relationship between religious identity, religious activity, and health, with a specific emphasis on Utah Mormons. In a surprising finding, Mormon LGBs report better mental health than non-Mormon LGBs, while their self-rated and physical health is not significantly different. However, there is some evidence that Mormon LGBs derive fewer health benefits from church attendance than their non-LGB Mormon counterparts...
September 15, 2016: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27614283/correlation-between-the-virulence-of-t-%C3%A2-cruzi-strains-complement-regulatory-protein-expression-levels-and-the-ability-to-elicit-lytic-antibody-production
#17
Priscila Moraes Henrique, Tatiane Marques, Marcos Vinícius da Silva, Gabriel Antônio Nogueira Nascentes, Carlo Freire de Oliveira, Virmondes Rodrigues, César Gómez-Hernández, Karen Ann Norris, Luis Eduardo Ramirez, Wendell Sérgio Ferreira Meira
Trypanosoma cruzi trypomastigotes are able to resist lysis via the complement system, which involves many surface proteins including the complement regulatory protein (CRP). To examine the diversity in CRP recognition among strains of T. cruzi, the expression levels of the translated protein on trypomastigote surfaces were analyzed by flow cytometry, and associations between protein expression and the biological behavior of these strains, especially the ability to induce lytic antibodies in animal models, were assessed...
September 7, 2016: Experimental Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27592125/concomitant-removal-of-gastric-band-and-gastric-bypass-analysis-of-outcomes-and-complications-from-the-acs-nsqip-database
#18
Elie P Ramly, Bassem Y Safadi, Hanaa Dakour Aridi, Rami Kantar, Aurelie Mailhac, Ramzi S Alami
BACKGROUND: Conversion of laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding (LGB) to laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (LRYGB) is an established procedure. However, multiple reports have indicated higher morbidity and mortality rates associated with this operation, especially when performed as a single-staged procedure. PURPOSE: We sought to compare mortality and morbidity of LRYGB vs. LRYGB with concomitant gastric band removal (LRYGB/LGBR). METHODS: Data from the American College of Surgeons' National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (ACS-NSQIP) database was obtained for the time period of 2008 to 2014 using CPT codes for LRYGB and LGBR...
September 3, 2016: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27571323/examining-ethnic-differences-in-parental-rejection-of-lgb-youth-sexual-identity
#19
Brian E J Richter, Kristin M Lindahl, Neena M Malik
Upward of 70% of lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB) youth experience some degree of parental rejection of their sexual identity, which is problematic in light of research documenting links between parental rejection and psychological difficulties in LGB youth. Additionally, emerging research suggests that ethnic minority LGB youth may be at greater risk to experience parental rejection than ethnic majority LGB youth. However, this research is inconclusive and has significant gaps. The current study is one of the first to include a multiethnic sample of LGB youth and their parents to investigate how ethnicity may be related to parental rejection...
August 29, 2016: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27567062/sexual-orientation-differences-in-complementary-health-approaches-among-young-adults-in-the-united-states
#20
Dawn M Upchurch, Evan A Krueger, Richard G Wight
PURPOSE: Lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB) young adults experience a wide range of health disparities, compared to heterosexuals. However, LGBs also experience many barriers to conventional health care, including social stigma, lack of LGB-specific knowledge among providers, and lower rates of health insurance coverage, which may limit utilization of conventional health services. Complementary health approaches (CHA) may represent an alternative to conventional care, but very little is currently known about CHA use in this population...
November 2016: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
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