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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544053/sickness-sin-and-discrimination-some-contemporary-challenges-for-uk-mental-health-nursing-practice-with-lesbian-gay-and-bisexual-lgb-people-and-communities
#1
Sarah Carr, Alfonso Pezzella
Curing 'homosexuality' or same-sex attraction has been a recurrent trope in Western psychiatry and mental health services for over a century. Despite the progress made in the UK with equality legislation, improvements in general social attitudes and the slowly increasing confidence of lesbian, gay and bisexual (LGB) individuals and communities (Carr, 2005), it appears to pose challenges for practice in the UK even today. This was recently highlighted in 2014 when the Department of Health requested the publication of a consensus statement from major UK mental health professional bodies outlining concern about and opposition to 'conversion' or 'reparative' therapy being offered to LGB people by practitioners (often working within a religious frame of reference) claiming to be able to 'cure' same-sex attraction (UK Council for Psychotherapy, 2014)...
May 25, 2017: Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534684/observed-deficiencies-in-medical-student-knowledge-of-transgender-and-intersex-health
#2
Jennifer J Liang, Ivy H Gardner, Jacob A Walker, Joshua D Safer
BACKGROUND: Lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and intersex (LGBTI) patients face many well-documented disparities in care which among transgender and intersex people can often be traced to providers' lack of knowledge. METHODS: We administered surveys to examine the self-assessed knowledge and attitudes of all medical students at Boston University regarding different LGBTI subpopulations. Survey questions were based on a Likert scale from 1-5; analysis was conducted with Wilcoxon rank sum test...
May 23, 2017: Endocrine Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520486/trends-in-school-related-victimization-of-lesbian-gay-and-bisexual-youths-massachusetts-1995-2015
#3
Emily O'Malley Olsen, Alana M Vivolo-Kantor, Laura Kann, Chiniqua N Milligan
OBJECTIVES: To compare changes over time in prevalence of school victimization among lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB) students compared with heterosexual students. METHODS: We analyzed data from 11 Youth Risk Behavior Surveys conducted among representative samples of students in grades 9 through 12 in Massachusetts during 1995 to 2015. We used multivariable logistic regression models to identify trends over time by sexual identity. RESULTS: During 1995 to 2015, the prevalence of missing school decreased overall (from 5...
May 18, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503986/minority-stress-model-components-and-affective-well-being-in-a-sample-of-sexual-orientation-minority-adults-living-with-hiv-aids
#4
Robert J Cramer, Alixandra C Burks, Martin Plöderl, Praveen Durgampudi
To date very little literature exists examining theoretically-based models applied to day-to-day positive and negative affective well-being among lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB) persons living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA). Grounded in the perspective of Meyer, I. H. (2003). Prejudice, social stress, and mental health in lesbian, gay, and bisexual populations: Conceptual issues and research evidence. Psychological Bulletin, 129, 674-697. Minority Stress Model, the present study examined HIV- and sexual orientation-related factors influencing affective well-being (i...
May 13, 2017: AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498531/developmental-latent-patterns-of-identification-as-mostly-heterosexual-versus-lesbian-gay-or-bisexual
#5
Jerel P Calzo, Katherine E Masyn, S Bryn Austin, Hee-Jin Jun, Heather L Corliss
Scant research exists on the development of mostly heterosexual identity, the largest sexual orientation minority subgroup. We used longitudinal latent class analysis to characterize the patterns of identification with lesbian, gay, bisexual (LGB), or mostly heterosexual identities from ages 12 to 23 in 13,859 youth (57% female) in a U.S. national cohort. Three classes emerged: completely heterosexual (88.2%), mostly heterosexual (9.5%), and LGB (2.4%). LGB class youth generally identified with sexual minority identities by ages 12-17...
March 2017: Journal of Research on Adolescence: the Official Journal of the Society for Research on Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498005/school-protective-factors-and-substance-use-among-lesbian-gay-and-bisexual-adolescents-in-california-public-schools
#6
Kris Tunac De Pedro, Monica Christina Esqueda, Tamika D Gilreath
PURPOSE: The majority of studies examining substance use among lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB) youth have focused on a wide array of risk factors (e.g., victimization). Few studies have explored the protective role of schools. This study aims to fill this gap in the literature and inform programs aimed at reducing substance use among LGB youth. More specifically, this study explores the extent to which school connectedness and support from teachers and other adults at school are associated with substance use among LGB youth in school and within the past 30 days...
June 2017: LGBT Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495220/other-tobacco-product-use-among-sexual-minority-young-adult-bar-patrons
#7
Amanda Fallin-Bennett, Nadra E Lisha, Pamela M Ling
INTRODUCTION: Lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB) individuals smoke at rates 1.5-2 times higher than the general population, but less is known about LGB consumption of other tobacco products (OTPs) and gender differences. OTP use among young adult LGB bar patrons and the relationship among past quit attempts, intention to quit, and binge drinking with OTP use was examined. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey of young adults (aged 18-26) in bars/nightclubs in seven U...
May 8, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28466199/health-disparities-by-sexual-orientation-results-and-implications-from-the-behavioral-risk-factor-surveillance-system
#8
Gilbert Gonzales, Carrie Henning-Smith
Until recently, population-based data for monitoring sexual minority health have been limited, making it difficult to document and address disparities by sexual orientation. The primary objective of this study was to examine differences by sexual orientation in an array of health outcomes and health risk factors using one of the nation's largest health surveys. Data for this study came from 8290 adults who identified as lesbian, gay, or bisexual (LGB) and 300,256 adults who identified as heterosexual in the 2014-2015 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS)...
May 2, 2017: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28453774/effect-of-dietary-bacteriophage-supplementation-on-internal-organs-fecal-excretion-and-ileal-immune-response-in-laying-hens-challenged-by-salmonella-enteritidis
#9
P A Adhikari, D E Cosby, N A Cox, J H Lee, W K Kim
With the current researches on replacing antibiotics with different dietary interventions, bacteriophages (BP) are potential antimicrobial intervention because of their ability to affect specific bacteria. A study was conducted to evaluate the role of BP against Salmonella enterica serovar Enteritidis (SE) on SE internal organs colonization and ileum immune response in laying hens. Hens were challenged both orally and intracloacally with 108 cfu/mL cells of nalidixic acid resistant Salmonella Enteritidis (SENAR)...
April 26, 2017: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28451932/comparison-of-effects-of-sleeve-gastrectomy-and-gastric-bypass-on-lipid-profile-parameters-in-indian-obese-a-case-matched-analysis
#10
P Praveen Raj, Siddhartha Bhattacharya, S Saravana Kumar, Sandeep C Sabnis, R Parthasarathi, Parimala Devi Kumara Swamy, C Palanivelu
BACKGROUND: Obesity is associated with increased mortality due to higher cardiovascular risk. A proportion of this risk is attributed to impaired lipid profile in the form of high levels of serum total cholesterol, triglycerides, and low levels of HDL cholesterol. Both sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) and gastric bypass (LGB) have been shown to have favourable effects on lipid profile with some variability in improvement. We aimed to study the difference in changes in lipid profile after LSG and LGB...
April 28, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441107/coping-with-sexual-orientation-related-minority-stress
#11
Russell B Toomey, Caitlin Ryan, Rafael M Diaz, Stephen T Russell
Little is known about how adolescents cope with minority stressors related to sexual orientation. This study examined 245 lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB) young adult's (ages 21-25) retrospective reports of coping in response to LGB minority stress during adolescence (ages 13-19) to test the reliability and validity of a measure of minority stress coping. Further, the study examined associations between LGB minority stress coping and young adult psychosocial adjustment and high school attainment. Validation and reliability was found for three minority stress coping strategies: LGB-specific strategies (e...
April 25, 2017: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430161/a-national-study-of-social-media-television-radio-and-internet-usage-of-adults-by-sexual-orientation-and-smoking-status-implications-for-campaign-design
#12
Andrew B Seidenberg, Catherine L Jo, Kurt M Ribisl, Joseph G L Lee, Francisco O Buchting, Yoonsang Kim, Sherry L Emery
Background: Smoking rates among lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB) people significantly exceed that of heterosexuals. Media interventions are an important part of tobacco control efforts, but limited information is available on LGB people's media use. Methods: A nationally representative sample of 12,900 U.S. adults completed an online questionnaire assessing media use, smoking status, and demographic information. Multivariable logistic regression was used to assess relationships between media use with sexual orientation and smoking status...
April 21, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410488/understanding-the-potency-of-fatty-acids-with-the-amino-acid-side-chains-of-bovine-%C3%AE-lactoglobulin-a-quantum-chemical-approach
#13
Deepa Palanisamy, B Vijaya Pandiyan, Thirumeignanam Duraisamy, Ponmalai Kolandaivel
The present study aims to spotlight on the strength of interaction between different fatty acids with the Bovine-lactoglobulin (LGB) protein side chains along with the crystal water molecules at M062X/def2-QZVP level of theory. To analyse the role of carboxylic acid and its interaction with side chains and to reveal the significance of carboxylic acid, it was replaced by Acyl chloride (COCl), Acyl Bromide (COBr) and Acyl-Fluorine (COF) group and COS group. The ligands are linear with a straight and branched chain of carbon atoms, but extended methyl group make the ligand bend resulting in non-planar geometry...
March 22, 2017: Journal of Molecular Graphics & Modelling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376706/cardiovascular-risk-reduction-is-important-for-improving-patient-and-graft-survival-after-ligation-and-bypass-surgery-for-popliteal-artery-aneurysm
#14
N Dattani, M Ali, A Aber, R Yap Kannan, E C Choke, M J Bown, R D Sayers, R S Davies
OBJECTIVES: To report outcomes following ligation and bypass (LGB) surgery for popliteal artery aneurysm (PAA) and study factors influencing patient and graft survival. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective review of patients undergoing LGB surgery for PAA between September 1999 and August 2012 at a tertiary referral vascular unit was performed. Primary graft patency (PGP), primary-assisted graft patency (PAGP), and secondary graft patency (SGP) rates were calculated using survival analyses...
January 1, 2017: Vascular and Endovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28357525/sexual-trajectories-of-lesbian-gay-and-bisexual-adults-in-the-netherlands
#15
Hanneke de Graaf, Charles Picavet
Studies on sexual trajectories of lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB) people generally focus on the first same-sex attraction and sexual experience, and their relation to self-identification and coming out as LGB. Relational and opposite-sex experiences are generally not taken into account. The aim of this study was to provide a more comprehensive overview of LGBs' sexual trajectories and to distinguish subsamples with different trajectories. A sample of same-sex attracted members of an online research panel (N = 3054) completed a sexual health questionnaire, including items about the timing of sexual and relational milestones...
March 29, 2017: Archives of Sexual Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28353421/lgbt-competence-in-social-work-education-the-relationship-of-school-contexts-to-student-sexual-minority-competence
#16
David McCarty-Caplan
This study examined the relationship between master of social work program's (MSW) support of lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender people (LGBT-competence), and the sexual minority competence (LGB-competence) of social work students. Data was gathered from a sample of MSW program directors, faculty members, and students (N = 1385) within 34 MSW programs in the United States. A series of hierarchical linear models tested if a MSW program's LGBT-competence was associated with the LGB-competence of its students...
March 29, 2017: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340821/incidence-management-and-risk-factors-for-lower-gastrointestinal-bleeding-in-renal-transplant-recipients
#17
A Rencuzogullari, S Binboga, E Aytac, J Rabets, L Stocchi, G Ozuner
BACKGROUND: There are limited convincing data regarding management and outcomes of lower gastrointestinal bleeding (LGB) in renal transplant recipients (RTR). The aim of this study was to evaluate incidence, management strategies, and risk factors associated with LGB in RTR. METHODS: Between January 2004 and December 2013, RTR with LGB were analyzed. LGB was defined as having clinical evidence of hemorrhage after upper gastrointestinal etiology was ruled out. RESULTS: There were 1578 RTR with a mean age of 50 ± 14 years at the time of transplantation...
April 2017: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340125/the-association-of-lesbian-gay-and-bisexual-identity-facets-with-smoking-dependence-motives
#18
Nathan Grant Smith, Kate Winderman, Brooke King, Ezemenari M Obasi, Lorraine R Reitzel
Introduction: Lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB) adults have higher rates of smoking than heterosexual adults. LGB individuals face unique stressors, including challenges associated with having a LGB identity. The extent to which these unique stressors are related to dependence motives in LGB adult smokers, however, has not been previously explored. The current study was conducted to redress these gaps. Methods: Participants (N=52; Mage=42.8; 55.8% Black/African American) were recruited from the local community...
March 9, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333474/examining-the-psychology-of-working-theory-decent-work-among-sexual-minorities
#19
Richard P Douglass, Brandon L Velez, Sarah E Conlin, Ryan D Duffy, Jessica W England
Research has found heterosexist discrimination negatively relates to vocational outcomes among lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB) people, but no known study has examined how heterosexist discrimination relates to the attainment of decent work. Building from the Psychology of Working Theory, which proposes that specific forms of marginalization coupled with economic constraints limit a person's ability to secure decent work, the present study examined theoretically hypothesized pathways to decent work among a sample of employed sexual minority adults...
March 23, 2017: Journal of Counseling Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290932/primary-care-of-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-the-u-s-military-in-the-post-don-t-ask-don-t-tell-era-a-review-of-recent-progress-health-needs-and-challenges
#20
Wesley R Campbell, Mojgan Jahan, Mary F Bavaro, Robert J Carpenter
BACKGROUND: With repeal of "Don't Ask, Don't Tell" (DADT) in 2011 and the Supreme Court decision regarding Section 3 of the Defense of Marriage Act (DOMA) in 2013, military providers are now able to openly address unique health needs of lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB) service members and their same-sex spouse beneficiaries. These federal laws created health care barriers, either real or perceived, between providers and patients and often limited medical research involving LGB patients in the Military Health System (MHS)...
March 2017: Military Medicine
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