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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929946/egalitarian-from-homophile-to-helicophile-in-post-ww2-america
#1
Diederik F Janssen
The presidency of gender in the Anglo-American taxonomy of sexualities has historically been haunted by the irruption of "other" parameters of medicalization, censure and caesura, not in the least absolute and relative measures of age. Where today's clinical psychologists feel the need to age-specify adult homosexuality in such Hirschfeldian terms as androphilia, however, the felt need is indeed still essentially clinical. That cosmopolitan expressions such as homosexual, LGB or queer rarely require such specifications relies on a protracted and today arguably complete disarticulation of sex/gender and age/maturity as parameters of sexual orientation, accreditation and mobilization...
September 20, 2017: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928340/a-first-step-in-addressing-medical-education-curriculum-gaps-in-lesbian-gay-bisexual-and-transgender-related-content-the-university-of-louisville-lesbian-gay-bisexual-and-transgender-health-certificate-program
#2
Susan Sawning, Stacie Steinbock, Rachel Croley, Ryan Combs, Ann Shaw, Toni Ganzel
BACKGROUND: Individuals who are lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender (LGBT), gender nonconforming, and/or born with differences of sex development have specific health needs and significant health disparities exacerbated by a lack of training among health professionals. The University of Louisville LGBT Health Certificate Program used an interdisciplinary approach to increase training, potentially enabling future physicians to provide quality healthcare to LGBT patients. METHODS: A pretest-post-test design was used to investigate medical students' (n = 39) attitude and knowledge outcomes after program participation...
May 2017: Education for Health: Change in Training & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903647/intergroup-contact-and-social-change-implications-of-negative-and-positive-contact-for-collective-action-in-advantaged-and-disadvantaged-groups
#3
Nils Karl Reimer, Julia C Becker, Angelika Benz, Oliver Christ, Kristof Dhont, Ulrich Klocke, Sybille Neji, Magdalena Rychlowska, Katharina Schmid, Miles Hewstone
Previous research has shown that (a) positive intergroup contact with an advantaged group can discourage collective action among disadvantaged-group members and (b) positive intergroup contact can encourage advantaged-group members to take action on behalf of disadvantaged outgroups. Two studies investigated the effects of negative as well as positive intergroup contact. Study 1 ( n = 482) found that negative but not positive contact with heterosexual people was associated with sexual-minority students' engagement in collective action (via group identification and perceived discrimination)...
January 2017: Personality & Social Psychology Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28857577/sexual-orientation-differences-in-functional-limitations-disability-and-mental-health-services-use-results-from-the-2013-2014-national-health-interview-survey
#4
Susan D Cochran, Charlotte Björkenstam, Vickie M Mays
OBJECTIVES: The authors investigated sexual orientation differences in risk for mental health morbidity, functional limitations/disability, and mental health services use among adults interviewed in the nationally representative 2013-2014 National Health Interview Survey. METHOD: Respondents were 68,816 adults (67,152 heterosexual and 1,664 lesbian, gay, and bisexual [LGB] individuals), age 18 and older. Fully structured interviews assessed sexual orientation identity, health status, and services use...
August 31, 2017: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28841128/discrete-effects-of-religiosity-and-spirituality-on-gay-identity-and-self-esteem
#5
Suzanne Stern, A Jordan Wright
Previous research has indicated that although spirituality may bolster development of a positive gay identity, religiosity may prove detrimental. Because the majority of this research confounds these constructs, there is little evidence as to the discrete roles religiosity and spirituality may play in LGB identity development. The present study endeavored to tease apart the unique effects of religion and spirituality on positive and negative gay identity and self-esteem. A sample of 376 self-identified sexual minority adults were given measures of religiosity, spirituality, LGB identity, and self-esteem...
August 25, 2017: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28841112/development-and-validation-of-the-adas-scale-and-prediction-of-attitudes-toward-affective-sexual-diversity-among-spanish-secondary-students
#6
Helena Garrido-Hernansaiz, Manuel Martín-Fernández, Aida Castaño-Torrijos, Isabel Cuevas
Violence against non-heterosexual adolescents in educational contexts remains a worrying reality, but no adequate attitudes toward affective-sexual diversity (AtASD) measure exists for Spanish adolescent students. We developed a 27-item scale including cognitive, affective, and behavioral aspects, which was completed by 696 secondary school students from the Madrid area. Factor analyses suggested a unidimensional model, Cronbach's alpha indicated excellent scale scores reliability, and item calibration under the item response theory framework showed that the scale is especially informative for homophobic attitudes...
August 25, 2017: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795300/five-years-two-surgeons-and-over-500-bariatric-procedures-what-have-we-learned
#7
Brian Shea, William Boyan, James Botta, Syed Ali, Yaniv Fenig, Ethan Paulin, Steven Binenbaum, Frank Borao
BACKGROUND: Bariatric surgery has become an increasingly popular method for weight loss and mitigation of co-morbidities in the obese population. Like any field, there is a desire to standardize and accelerate the postoperative period while maintaining safe outcomes. METHODS: All laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomies (LSG) and gastric bypasses (LGB) were performed over a 5-year period were logged along with several aspects of postoperative care. Trends were followed in aspects of postoperative care over years as well as any documentation of complications or re-admissions...
August 9, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28765305/sexual-orientation-and-suicidal-behaviour-in-young-people
#8
EDITORIAL
Nick Meader, Melissa K Y Chan
Lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB) young people have been found to be at greater risk of suicidal behaviour. National prevention strategies have identified the need to reduce suicide risk in this population. However, research on specific risk factors for LGB young people that might inform suicide prevention programmes are at an early stage of development.
August 2017: British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759324/non-suicidal-self-injury-sexuality-concerns-and-emotion-regulation-among-sexually-diverse-adolescents-a-multiple-mediation-analysis
#9
Gloria Fraser, Marc Stewart Wilson, Jessica Anne Garisch, Kealagh Robinson, Madeleine Brocklesby, Tahlia Kingi, Angelique O'Connell, Lynne Russell
Despite increasing interest in the prevalence and correlates of Non-Suicidal Self-Injury (NSSI) in adolescent populations, relatively few studies have examined NSSI among lesbian, gay and bisexual (LGB) adolescents. The current study explored sexuality concerns and elevated emotion dysregulation as potential mechanisms underlying the relationship between sexual orientation and elevated non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI). A community sample of 1,799 adolescents completed a questionnaire assessing NSSI, sexual orientation, sexuality concerns, and emotion regulation...
July 31, 2017: Archives of Suicide Research: Official Journal of the International Academy for Suicide Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28757649/greater-engagement-among-members-of-gay-straight-alliances-individual-and-structural-contributors
#10
V Paul Poteat, Nicholas C Heck, Hirokazu Yoshikawa, Jerel P Calzo
Using youth program models to frame the study of Gay-Straight Alliances (GSAs), we identified individual and structural predictors of greater engagement in these settings with a cross-sectional sample of 295 youth in 33 GSAs from the 2014 Massachusetts GSA Network Survey (69% LGBQ, 68% cisgen-der female, 68% White, Mage = 16.07). Multilevel modeling results indicated that members who perceived more support/socializing from their GSA, had more LGB friends, were longer serving members, and were in GSAs with more open and respectful climates reported greater engagement...
December 2016: American Educational Research Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28757566/health-inequities-among-lesbian-gay-and-bisexual-adults-in-north-carolina-2011-2014
#11
Melissa M Barnhill, Joseph G L Lee, Ann P Rafferty
Inequalities in health have been identified for lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB) populations nationally. Policies in the U.S. South offer fewer protections for LGB people than in other regions, yet, limited data exist for this region. North Carolina (NC) BRFSS data from 2011 to 2014 were combined (LGB n = 604; heterosexual n = 33,170) and analyzed using SAS survey procedures to estimate health characteristics by sexual orientation within gender. Many examined indicators were not different by sexual orientation, however, other results were significant and consistent with findings from state population surveys in other regions of the country...
July 25, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728383/potential-influence-of-csn3-and-lgb-genes-in-genetic-association-studies-of-milk-quality-traits
#12
José Luis Zepeda-Batista, Luis Antonio Saavedra-Jiménez, Agustín Ruíz-Flores, Rafael Núñez-Domínguez, Rodolfo Ramírez-Valverde
Objective: From a review of published information on genetic association studies, a meta-analysis was conducted to determine the influence of the genes CSN3 (κ-casein) and LGB (β-lactoglobulin) on milk yield traits in Holstein, Jersey, Brown Swiss, and Fleckvieh. Methods: The GLIMMIX procedure was used to analyze milk production and percentage of milk protein and fat by trait. Models included the main effects and all their possible two-way interactions; not estimable effects and non-significant (p>0...
June 26, 2017: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700299/chronic-health-conditions-and-key-health-indicators-among-lesbian-gay-and-bisexual-older-us-adults-2013-2014
#13
Karen I Fredriksen-Goldsen, Hyun-Jun Kim, Chengshi Shui, Amanda E B Bryan
OBJECTIVES: To examine disparities in chronic conditions and health indicators among lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB) adults aged 50 years or older in the United States. METHODS: We used data from the 2013 and 2014 National Health Interview Survey to compare disparities in chronic conditions, health outcomes and behaviors, health care access, and preventive health care by sexual orientation and gender. RESULTS: LGB older adults were significantly more likely than heterosexual older adults to have a weakened immune system and low back or neck pain...
August 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28688168/-hidden-identities-perceptions-of-sexual-identity-in-beijing
#14
Toby Miles-Johnson, Yurong Wang
This article draws upon responses given by volunteers who work in the Beijing LGBT Centre regarding perceptions of sexual identity, and how Chinese culture affects hidden or open sexual identities of Chinese lesbian and gay people in this region. The insights gained from those working carefully to create social change offers an important and original contribution to the field of gay and lesbian studies in China. The findings indicate the volunteers at the Beijing LGBT Centre are frustrated by the lack of acceptance of non-heterosexual relationships among Chinese culture and society, and by the disregard of lesbian gay and bisexual (LGB) people by the Chinese government...
July 8, 2017: British Journal of Sociology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28682089/associations-among-psychological-distress-high-risk-activism-and-conflict-between-ethnic-racial-and-sexual-minority-identities-in-lesbian-gay-bisexual-racial-ethnic-minority-adults
#15
Carlos E Santos, Rachel A VanDaalen
In this brief report, we present results from a study exploring the associations of high-risk activism (HRA) orientation in lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB) issues; HRA orientation in racial/ethnic issues; conflicts in allegiances (CIA) between one's ethnic-racial and sexual minority identities; and anxiety among LGB racial/ethnic minority adults. A racially and ethnically diverse sample of 208 LGB racial/ethnic minority adults (age: M = 27.52, SD = 8.76) completed an online survey. Bivariate correlations showed that HRA orientation in LGB and in racial/ethnic issues, as well as CIA, were each positively associated with anxiety...
July 6, 2017: Journal of Counseling Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678415/are-alcohol-related-disparities-between-sexual-minority-and-heterosexual-youth-decreasing
#16
Jessica N Fish, Ryan J Watson, Carolyn M Porta, Stephen T Russell, Elizabeth M Saewyc
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Although sexual orientation-related alcohol use disparities are well established, researchers have not identified whether disparities are diminishing as societal attitudes towards lesbian/gay and bisexual (LGB) people become more accepting. We examined changes in four alcohol-related disparities between heterosexual and LGB youth from 1998 to 2013 by (1) estimating the prevalence of these behaviors; (2) estimating disparities in alcohol-related outcomes between heterosexual and LGB youth within each wave year; and (3) testing whether the degree of difference in alcohol-related disparities between heterosexual and LGB youth has changed...
July 5, 2017: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28674508/-it-s-just-more-acceptable-to-be-white-or-mixed-race-and-gay-than-black-and-gay-the-perceptions-and-experiences-of-homophobia-in-st-lucia
#17
Jimmy Couzens, Berenice Mahoney, Dean Wilkinson
Lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB) individuals come from diverse cultural groups with differing ethnic and racial identities. However, most research on LGB people uses white western samples and studies of Afro-Caribbean diaspora often use Jamaican samples. Thus, the complexity of Afro-Caribbean LGB peoples' experiences of homophobia is largely unknown. The authors' analyses explore experiences of homophobia among LGB people in St. Lucia. Findings indicate issues of skin-shade orientated tolerance, regionalized disparities in levels of tolerance toward LGB people and regionalized passing (regionalized sexual identity shifting)...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635972/experiences-and-concerns-of-lesbian-gay-or-bisexual-survivors-of-colorectal-cancer
#18
Allyson Baughman, Melissa A Clark, Ulrike Boehmer
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVES: To identify the experiences and needs of lesbian, gay, or bisexual (LGB) survivors of colorectal cancer (CRC) and to expand the current understanding of LGB survivorship by obtaining in-depth knowledge of survivorship among individuals with a cancer other than breast or prostate. 
. RESEARCH APPROACH: Qualitative, semistructured individual interviews via telephone.
. SETTING: Participants were recruited using social media, flyers, word of mouth, and contact with LGB and cancer organizations during a four-month period...
May 1, 2017: Oncology Nursing Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28579496/prevalence-of-use-and-perceptions-of-risk-of-novel-and-other-alternative-tobacco-products-among-sexual-minority-adults-results-from-an-online-national-survey-2014-2015
#19
Pratibha Nayak, Laura F Salazar, Krishna K Kota, Terry F Pechacek
Sexual minority (lesbian, gay, and bisexual [LGB]) populations experience disparities in cigarette use, but sparse evidence exists about novel and other alternative tobacco product use. In this study, we compared rates of novel and other alternative tobacco product use, risk perceptions, and worldview between LGB and heterosexual (HET) adults. An online survey administered in 2014-2015, using a weighted probability sample of 11,525 U.S. adults, assessed awareness of tobacco products; ever and current use of e-cigarettes, cigars, little cigars and cigarillos, and hookahs; perceptions of e-cigarettes; and worldview (individualism vs...
June 1, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544053/sickness-sin-and-discrimination-examining-a-challenge-for-uk-mental-health-nursing-practice-with-lesbian-gay-and-bisexual-people
#20
S Carr, A Pezzella
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 25, 2017: Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing
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