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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340125/the-association-of-lesbian-gay-and-bisexual-identity-facets-with-smoking-dependence-motives
#1
Nathan Grant Smith, Kate Winderman, Brooke King, Ezemenari M Obasi, Lorraine R Reitzel
Introduction: Lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB) adults have higher rates of smoking than heterosexual adults. LGB individuals face unique stressors, including challenges associated with having a LGB identity. The extent to which these unique stressors are related to dependence motives in LGB adult smokers, however, has not been previously explored. The current study was conducted to redress these gaps. Methods: Participants (N=52; Mage=42.8; 55.8% Black/African American) were recruited from the local community...
March 9, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333474/examining-the-psychology-of-working-theory-decent-work-among-sexual-minorities
#2
Richard P Douglass, Brandon L Velez, Sarah E Conlin, Ryan D Duffy, Jessica W England
Research has found heterosexist discrimination negatively relates to vocational outcomes among lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB) people, but no known study has examined how heterosexist discrimination relates to the attainment of decent work. Building from the Psychology of Working Theory, which proposes that specific forms of marginalization coupled with economic constraints limit a person's ability to secure decent work, the present study examined theoretically hypothesized pathways to decent work among a sample of employed sexual minority adults...
March 23, 2017: Journal of Counseling Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290932/primary-care-of-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-the-u-s-military-in-the-post-don-t-ask-don-t-tell-era-a-review-of-recent-progress-health-needs-and-challenges
#3
Wesley R Campbell, Mojgan Jahan, Mary F Bavaro, Robert J Carpenter
BACKGROUND: With repeal of "Don't Ask, Don't Tell" (DADT) in 2011 and the Supreme Court decision regarding Section 3 of the Defense of Marriage Act (DOMA) in 2013, military providers are now able to openly address unique health needs of lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB) service members and their same-sex spouse beneficiaries. These federal laws created health care barriers, either real or perceived, between providers and patients and often limited medical research involving LGB patients in the Military Health System (MHS)...
March 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28275249/state-and-local-policies-related-to-sexual-orientation-in-the-united-states
#4
Ryan Cramer, Sarah Hexem, Archana LaPollo, Kendra M Cuffe, Harrell W Chesson, Jami S Leichliter
Poorer health suffered by lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB) populations may be associated with public policies. We collected the laws that in 2013 prohibited discrimination based on sexual orientation from 50 United States (US) states, the District of Columbia (Washington, DC or DC), and the 30 most populous US metropolitan areas. To facilitate future research, we coded certain aspects of these laws to create a dataset. We generated descriptive statistics by jurisdiction type and tested for regional differences in state law using Chi-square tests...
February 2017: Journal of Public Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28275248/researching-lgb-health-and-social-policy-methodological-issues-and-future-directions
#5
Nathaniel M Lewis
Researchers interested in sexual minority health are beginning to examine contextual and environmental determinants of health such as neighbourhoods, health services, and social policies. Efforts to catalogue and systematise policies relating to the health of lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB) individuals are therefore central in uncovering more comprehensive determinants of LGB health. This commentary identifies the links between social policy and LGB health, some methodological concerns of spatial analyses in this research area, and some future research directions...
February 2017: Journal of Public Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28254960/sexual-orientation-and-suicidal-behaviour-in-adolescents-and-young-adults-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#6
REVIEW
A Miranda-Mendizábal, P Castellví, O Parés-Badell, J Almenara, I Alonso, M J Blasco, A Cebrià, A Gabilondo, M Gili, C Lagares, J A Piqueras, M Roca, J Rodríguez-Marín, T Rodríguez, V Soto-Sanz, G Vilagut, J Alonso
BackgroundResearch suggests that lesbian, gay and bisexual (LGB) adolescents have a higher risk of suicidal behaviours than their heterosexual peers, but little is known about specific risk factors.AimsTo assess sexual orientation as a risk factor for suicidal behaviours, and to identify other risk factors among LGB adolescents and young adults.MethodA systematic search was made of six databases up to June 2015, including a grey literature search. Population-based longitudinal studies considering non-clinical populations aged 12-26 years and assessing being LGB as a risk factor for suicidal behaviour compared with being heterosexual, or evaluating risk factors for suicidal behaviour within LGB populations, were included...
March 2, 2017: British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28249624/a-tailored-compassion-focused-therapy-program-for-sexual-minority-young-adults-with-depressive-symotomatology-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#7
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Christopher A Pepping, Anthony Lyons, Ruth McNair, James N Kirby, Nicola Petrocchi, Paul Gilbert
BACKGROUND: Lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB) men and women represent one of the highest-risk populations for depressive symptomatology and disorders, with young LGB adults being at greatest risk. To date, there have been no randomized controlled trials (RCT) to specifically target depressive symptoms in young LGB adults. This is despite research highlighting unique predictors of depressive symptomatology in this population. Here we outline a protocol for an RCT that will test the preliminary efficacy of a tailored compassion-focused therapy (CFT) intervention for young LGB adults compared with a self-directed cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) program with no specific tailoring for LGB individuals...
March 1, 2017: BMC Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28236254/do-bariatric-surgery-related-type-2-diabetes-remission-predictors-add-clinical-value-a-study-on-asian-indian-obese-diabetics
#8
P Praveen Raj, Siddhartha Bhattacharya, S Saravana Kumar, Sandeep C Sabnis, R Parthasarathi, Parimala Devi Kumara Swamy, C Palanivelu
BACKGROUND: Bariatric surgery has emerged to be the most effective treatment strategy for the treatment of obesity and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) achieving high remission rates. Many factors have been evaluated with a potential to predict the improvement of glycemic control following bariatric procedures. This study aims to study the various predictive factors for T2DM and the ABCD score in obese diabetic patients undergoing bariatric surgery in a South Indian population. METHODS: A total of 53 obese patients (BMI > 30 k/m(2)) with T2DM who underwent laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) and laparoscopic gastric bypass (LGB) from March 2014 to March 2015 were selected for the study...
February 24, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163343/old-er-care-home-residents-and-sexual-intimate-citizenship
#9
Paul Simpson, Maria Horne, Laura J E Brown, Christine Brown Wilson, Tommy Dickinson, Kate Torkington
Sexuality and intimacy in care homes for older people are overshadowed by concern with prolonging physical and/or psychological autonomy. When sexuality and intimacy have been addressed in scholarship, this can reflect a sexological focus concerned with how to continue sexual activity with reduced capacity. We review the (Anglophone) academic and practitioner literatures bearing on sexuality and intimacy in relation to older care home residents (though much of this applies to older people generally). We highlight how ageism (or ageist erotophobia), which defines older people as post-sexual, restricts opportunities for the expression of sexuality and intimacy...
February 2017: Ageing and Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087799/factors-associated-with-high-risk-alcohol-consumption-among-lgb-older-adults-the-roles-of-gender-social-support-perceived-stress-discrimination-and-stigma
#10
Amanda E B Bryan, Hyun-Jun Kim, Karen I Fredriksen-Goldsen
PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: Lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB) adults have elevated rates of high-risk alcohol consumption compared with heterosexual adults. Although drinking tends to decline with age in the general population, we know little about LGB older adults' drinking. Using 2014 data from Aging with Pride: National Health, Aging, and Sexuality/Gender Study (NHAS), we aimed to identify factors associated with high-risk drinking in LGB older adults. DESIGN AND METHODS: A U...
February 2017: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056883/marijuana-use-and-sex-with-multiple-partners-among-lesbian-gay-and-bisexual-youth-results-from-a-national-sample
#11
Xiaoyun Zhang, Li-Tzy Wu
BACKGROUND: Sex with multiple partners (SMP) is one of the important contributing factors for contracting sexually transmitted infections (STIs) among adolescents and young adults, especially among Lesbian, Gay, and Bisexual (LGB) youth. Past studies mainly focus on examining associations of alcohol or club drugs use with unprotected sexual behaviors among adult homo/bisexual men, while little is known about the temporal association between marijuana use (MU) and SMP among LGB youth. METHODS: This study examined the relationship between MU and SMP among LGB adolescents and young adults...
January 5, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049365/mental-health-issues-related-to-sexual-orientation-in-a-high-school-setting
#12
Susan G Williams
High school students are maturing physically, psychosocially, and sexually. Some may be unsure of their sexual orientation. The purpose of the study was to determine whether students who self-identified as homosexual-lesbian/gay, bisexual (LGB), and unsure of sexual orientation had more stressful life events (SLEs), perceived stress, bullying victimization, and depressive symptoms as compared to heterosexual peers. Cortisol was examined to determine whether levels were within normal range for age and followed a normal diurnal rhythm...
January 1, 2017: Journal of School Nursing: the Official Publication of the National Association of School Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28043996/minority-stress-factors-as-mediators-of-sexual-orientation-disparities-in-mental-health-treatment-a-longitudinal-population-based-study
#13
Richard Bränström
BACKGROUND: Substantial mental health disparities between lesbian, gay and bisexual (LGB) individuals compared with heterosexuals have been identified. The aim was to examine potential sexual orientation-based disparities in mental health treatment in a prospectively analysed population-based sample in Sweden and to explore potential moderators and mediators. METHOD: 30 730 individuals from the Stockholm Public Health Cohort were followed up with questionnaires and registry-based health record data on psychiatric healthcare visits and prescription drug use between 1 January 2011 and 31 December 2011...
January 2, 2017: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28001287/mental-health-and-the-transgender-population
#14
Tamar C Carmel, Laura Erickson-Schroth
Although research into the physical and mental health disparities faced by transgender and gender nonconforming (TGNC) populations is becoming more popular, historically it has been limited. It is now recognized that TGNC people experience disproportionate rates of negative mental health outcomes relative to both their gender-normative, heterosexual peers, as well as their gender-normative lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB) peers. The theoretical basis of current transgender mental health research is rooted in the Minority Stress Model, which postulates that we live in a hetero-centric, gender-normative society that stigmatizes and discriminates against lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) people, subjecting them to chronic stress (Hendricks & Testa, 2012; Meyer, 1995)...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Psychosocial Nursing and Mental Health Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27996379/the-affordable-care-act-and-health-insurance-coverage-for-lesbian-gay-and-bisexual-adults-analysis-of-the-behavioral-risk-factor-surveillance-system
#15
Gilbert Gonzales, Carrie Henning-Smith
PURPOSE: This study compares uninsurance rates for lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB) adults by state Medicaid expansion decisions under the Affordable Care Act. METHODS: Data come from nonelderly adults in the 2014 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System. Prevalence estimates and logistic regression models identified LGB adults most likely to be uninsured. RESULTS: Approximately 15.7% of LGB adults lack health insurance, but the uninsurance rate is lower among LGB adults in Medicaid expansion states (12...
February 2017: LGBT Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27975673/in-vitro-schistosomicidal-activity-of-hydnocarpin-d-isolated-from-vellozia-variabillis
#16
Lgb Flauzino, M G Tozatti, B M Sequeira, Ddp Aguiar, A H Januário, P M Pauletti, Mla Silva, L G Magalhães, W R Cunha
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Planta Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27967602/the-break-up-evaluation-of-an-anti-smoking-educational-campaign-for-lesbians-gays-and-bisexuals-in-los-angeles-county
#17
Aaron Plant, Jorge A Montoya, Rachel Tyree, Linda Aragon, Mark Weber, Matthew Le Veque, Christopher M Anderson, Robin E Soler, Charlotte Kent
Lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB) adults in the United States have a higher prevalence of smoking than their heterosexual counterparts. In 2013, the Los Angeles County Department of Public Health launched a social marketing and outreach campaign called Break Up to reduce the prevalence of smoking in LGB communities. Break Up was evaluated using cross-sectional, street-intercept surveys before and near the end of campaign. Surveys measured demographics, campaign awareness, and self-reported smoking-related outcomes...
January 2017: Journal of Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27929299/examining-moderators-of-discrimination-and-subjective-well-being-among-lgb-individuals
#18
Richard P Douglass, Sarah E Conlin, Ryan D Duffy, Blake A Allan
Research has found perceived discrimination to be a risk factor for mental health concerns among lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB) people, but less clarity exists linking perceived discrimination with well-being outcomes. Building from Meyer's (2003) minority stress model, the present study examined the links between perceived discrimination and the 3 components of subjective well-being: positive affect, negative affect, and life satisfaction. Self-esteem and stigma consciousness were explored as empirically and theoretically implied moderators...
January 2017: Journal of Counseling Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924448/milk-protein-polymorphisms-and-casein-haplotypes-in-butana-cattle
#19
A Said Ahmed, S Rahmatalla, R Bortfeldt, D Arends, M Reissmann, G A Brockmann
Butana is a Bos indicus dairy cattle breed that is well adapted to the local environment of Sudan. The breed has been gradually declining in number due to breed substitution. Therefore, conservation and improvement strategies are required to maintain this breed. The aim of the present study was to assess genetic variation that is characteristic for Butana cattle in the milk protein genes CSN1S1, CSN2, CSN1S2, CSN3, LALBA, and LGB. In a first step, genomic DNA of five unrelated individuals was comparatively sequenced across all exon and flanking sequences...
December 6, 2016: Journal of Applied Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923371/type-of-sexual-intercourse-experience-and-suicidal-ideation-plans-and-attempts-among-youths-a-cross-sectional-study-in-south-korea
#20
Geum Hee Kim, Hyeong Sik Ahn, Hyun Jung Kim
BACKGROUND: Despite abundant theoretical evidence of higher rates of suicide among lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB) youths, little is known about the relationship between suicide and types of sexual intercourse experience in youths. This study examines the association between the type of intercourse experience and suicide risk outcomes (SROs: suicidal ideation, plans for suicide, suicidal attempts) from the Korea Youth Risk Behavior Web-based Survey. METHODS: We analyzed cross-sectional data from 146,621 students aged 12-17 years for the years 2012 and 2013...
December 7, 2016: BMC Public Health
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