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Fang Lan, Huiping Wei, Xuan Zhu, Shan Li, Xue Qin
BACKGROUND: Red cell distribution width (RDW), part of a routine complete blood count in a clinical laboratory, has been widely and routinely used in the diagnosis of various diseases. The aim of the present study was to investigate the relationship between increased RDW and liver diseases and whether RDW is a new inflammatory marker for liver diseases in a Guangxi population. METHODS: A total of 735 patients were enrolled in our study, including 113 patients with chronic hepatitis B (CHB), 133 liver cirrhosis (LC) patients, 105 patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), 55 alcoholic hepatitis (AH) patients, 44 chronic hepatitis C (CHC) patients, and 285 healthy persons...
February 1, 2017: Clinical Laboratory
Amy Tyberg, Monica Saumoy, Enrique V Sequeiros, Marc Giovannini, Everson Artifon, Anthony Teoh, Jose Nieto, Amit P Desai, Nikhil A Kumta, Monica Gaidhane, Reem Z Sharaiha, Michel Kahaleh
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Endoscopic ultrasound-guided drainage (EUS-GLB) is a minimally invasive option for patients with cholecystitis who are poor surgical candidates. Compared with percutaneous drainage (PC-GLB), earlier studies have demonstrated similar efficacy with improved quality of life. We present a multicenter, international experience comparing PC-GLB and EUS-GLB in nonsurgical patients with cholecystitis. METHODS: All patients who underwent either PC-GLB drainage or EUS-GLB drainage from 7 centers between January 2010 and December 2015 were included...
December 22, 2016: Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology
Dong-Mei Dai, Jing Cao, Hong-Mei Yang, Hai-Mei Sun, Yu Su, Yuan-Yuan Chen, Xiao Fang, Wang-Bin Xu
BACKGROUND: We evaluated whether alterations of hemoglobin (HB), hematocrit (HCT), serum albumin level (ALB), and the difference of HCT and ALB can be used in the diagnosis of preeclampsia and eclampsia in patients with hypertensive disorders of pregnancy (HDP). METHODS: A total of 509 individuals were recruited and divided into 4 groups: Group 1, 170 healthy non-pregnant women; Group 2, 125 normal pregnant women; Group 3, 105 pregnant women diagnosed with gestational and chronic hypertension; Group 4, 109 pregnant women diagnosed as having preeclampsia and eclampsia...
January 2017: Clinica Chimica Acta; International Journal of Clinical Chemistry
Inge Werner, Annette Aldrich, Benjamin Becker, Dennis Becker, Markus Brinkmann, Michael Burkhardt, Norbert Caspers, Sophie Campiche, Nathalie Chèvre, Rolf-Alexander Düring, Beate I Escher, Fabian Fischer, Sabrina Giebner, Katharina Heye, Henner Hollert, Marion Junghans, Cornelia Kienle, Katja Knauer, Muris Korkaric, Veronika Märkl, Jane Muncke, Jörg Oehlmann, Georg Reifferscheid, Daniel Rensch, Andreas Schäffer, Sabrina Schiwy, Simon Schwarz, Helmut Segner, Eszter Simon, Rita Triebskorn, Etiënne L M Vermeirssen, Thomas Wintgens, Markus Zennegg
This report provides a brief review of the 20th annual meeting of the German Language Branch of the Society of Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry (SETAC GLB) held from September 7th to 10th 2015 at ETH (Swiss Technical University) in Zurich, Switzerland. The event was chaired by Inge Werner, Director of the Swiss Centre for Applied Ecotoxicology (Ecotox Centre) Eawag-EPFL, and organized by a team from Ecotox Centre, Eawag, Federal Office of the Environment, Federal Office of Agriculture, and Mesocosm GmbH (Germany)...
2016: Environmental Sciences Europe
Klaus Peter Ebke, Jan Ahlers, Thomas Braunbeck, Jörg Oehlmann, Toni Ratte, Ralf B Schäfer, Adolf Eisenträger, Andreas Schäffer
This article gives a comprehensive overview on the strategy, the development and the progress of the German postgraduate degree program in ecotoxicology (SETAC GLB and GDCh). The program soon prompted positive results: more than 10 years now the courses had an average enrolment rate of 90 %, and employment-seeking graduates from the first courses mostly succeeded in quickly finding employment relevant to their training. With over 450 students enrolled to date, the degree program contributes significantly to the field of Environmental Chemistry and Ecotoxicology...
2016: Environmental Sciences Europe
Kaïs Rtibi, Slimen Selmi, Dhekra Grami, Khouloud Saidani, Hichem Sebai, Mohamed Amri, Bruno Eto, Lamjed Marzouki
BACKGROUND: This study was designed to investigate the effects of immature carob pod aqueous extract (ICPAE) on intestinal glucose absorption in vitro and in vivo using an oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) as well as the potential antidiabetic effect in alloxan-induced diabetic rats. OGTT was carried by administration of glucose (2 g kg(-1) , p.o.) and after treatment with extract (50, 100 and 200 mg kg(-1) body weight). Diabetes was induced by single intraperitoneal injection of alloxan (150 mg kg(-1) )...
October 14, 2016: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
Sasha De Henau, Bart P Braeckman
In recent years, moderate levels of reactive oxygen species (ROS) have become recognized as signaling cues that participate at all levels of cellular organization. Globins, with their redox-active heme iron and ubiquitous presence, seem ideally suited to participate in ROS metabolism. Here we comment on our recent findings that show the participation of a globin, GLB-12, in a redox signaling pathway in Caenorhabditis elegans. We found that GLB-12 produces superoxide, a type of ROS, after which this is converted to what appears to be a hydrogen peroxide gradient over the plasma membrane by the activity of intracellular and extracellular superoxide dismutases...
2016: Worm
Xiaocui Wang, Haijun Zhang, Hao Wang, Jing Wang, Shugeng Wu, Guanghai Qi
This study was conducted to evaluate the effects of different plant protein ingredients (soybean meal, SBM; low-gossypol cottonseed meal, LCSM; double-zero rapeseed meal, DRM) on egg production, egg quality, and plasma parameters of laying hens. Four hundred and thirty-two laying hens (32 weeks of age) were randomly allocated to one of six treatments. The birds were fed diets containing SBM, LCSM100, or DRM100 individually or in combination with an equal amount of crude protein (LCSM50, DRM50, and LCSM50-DRM50)...
September 9, 2016: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
Olusola Olalekan Oladipo, Joseph Olusegun Ayo, Suleiman Folorunsho Ambali, Bisalla Mohammed
The study aims to evaluate effects of chronic low-dose coexposure to lead (Pb), cadmium (Cd) and manganese (Mn) on hepatorenal toxicity and oxidative stress. Young male Wistar rats were treated with Pb acetate (1.4 mg/kg BW), Cd chloride (0.01 mg/kg BW), Mn chloride (0.14 mg/kg BW) and their combination (Pb + Cd + Mn) by oral gavage, for 15 weeks. Liver enzymes, albumin (Alb), globulin (Glb), total protein, creatinine, urea and electrolyte concentrations were measured in the serum. Hepatic and renal malondialdehyde (MDA), glutathione peroxidase-1 (GPx1) and metallothionein-1 (MT1) concentrations were measured by enzyme immunoassay technique...
November 2016: Toxicology Mechanisms and Methods
Andrea C Betts, Katherine Froehlich-Grobe
BACKGROUND: Despite disparities in obesity between those with and without disability, there is limited evidence to guide weight loss intervention in people with impaired mobility (IM), particularly those with severe impairments. OBJECTIVE: Examine the usability, feasibility, and effectiveness of adapting an existing evidence-based weight loss program for people with IM. METHODS: In this single-group pre-test post-test pilot study, 10 overweight or obese individuals with permanent IM (e...
January 2017: Disability and Health Journal
X-M Dong, R Cai, F Yang, Y-Y Zhang, X-G Wang, S-L Fu, J-R Zhang
OBJECTIVE: To explore the correlation between plasma β2-microglobulin (β2-MG) as senescence factor with age, heart, liver and kidney function as well as the predictive value of β2-MG in human metabolism function and senescence. PATIENTS AND METHODS: 387 cases of healthy people of different ages were selected and the automatic biochemical analyzer was used to test β2-MG in plasma based on immunoturbidimetry and also all biochemical indexes. The correlation between β2-MG and age, gender and all biochemical indexes was analyzed...
June 2016: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
Italo Trizano-Hermosilla, Jesús M Alvarado
The Cronbach's alpha is the most widely used method for estimating internal consistency reliability. This procedure has proved very resistant to the passage of time, even if its limitations are well documented and although there are better options as omega coefficient or the different versions of glb, with obvious advantages especially for applied research in which the ítems differ in quality or have skewed distributions. In this paper, using Monte Carlo simulation, the performance of these reliability coefficients under a one-dimensional model is evaluated in terms of skewness and no tau-equivalence...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
Fei Zhang, Peng Sun, Zhi-Qiang Wang, De Shen Wang, Yun Wang, Dong-Sheng Zhang, Feng-Hua Wang, Jian-Hua Fu, Rui-Hua Xu, Yu-Hong Li
This study retrospectively investigated the prognostic significance of the preoperative albumin-globulin score (AGS) and albumin/globulin ratio (AGR) in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC). A cohort of 458 newly diagnosed ESCC patients who underwent radical esophagectomy in Sun Yat-sen University Cancer Center (Guangzhou, China) between January 2006 and December 2010 were selected into this study. The optimal cut-off value was identified to be 45.6 g/L, 26.9 g/L and 1.30 for albumin (ALB), globulin (GLB) and AGR in terms of survival, respectively...
May 24, 2016: Oncotarget
Mapayi Boladale, Oginni Olakunle, Aloba Olutayo, Akinsulore Adesanmi
BACKGROUND: Sexual orientation is an individual's pattern of physical and emotional arousal toward members of the same and/or opposite gender. OBJECTIVE: To determine the pattern of sexual orientation and the relationship between sexual orientation and quality of life among a sample of OAU students. METHODS: A descriptive cross sectional study among 481 students of OAU using a multistage sampling technique. They completed a Socio-demographic data schedule, questions on sexual orientation and the World Health Organization Quality of Life Scale - Brief version (WHO QOL-BREF)...
December 2015: African Health Sciences
Junior Lloyd Allen, Orion Mowbray
BACKGROUND: Gay, lesbian, and bisexual (GLB) individuals appear to have an increased likelihood of alcohol use disorders and treatment utilization for alcohol related problems compared to heterosexual individuals. Despite this increase, treatment utilization rates among GLB individuals remain low. In an effort to address this, our paper examined whether or not GLB individuals encounter unique barriers when pursuing treatment for alcohol related problems. METHODS: Using data from the National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol Related Conditions (NESARC), we examined service sector specific factors, some of which included (a) utilization rates, (b) self-reported treatment barriers, and (c) whether or not there were emergent differences among GLB individuals, after controlling for socio-demographic and clinical characteristics...
April 1, 2016: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
Wen-li Song, Yu Tian, Xian-e Wang, Li Zhang, Li Xu, Dong Shi, Xiang-hui Feng, Rui-fang Lu, Zhi-bin Chen, Huan-xin Meng
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the potential association between FADS1 rs174537 polymorphism and serum proteins in patients with aggressive periodontitis, which may provide benefits for diagnosis and treatment of aggressive periodontitis. METHODS: A total of 353 patients with aggressive periodontitis (group AgP) and 125 matched controls (group HP) were recruited in the study. Genotyping of FADS1 rs174537 and serum biochemical indexes were tested at the study's start...
February 18, 2016: Beijing da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Peking University. Health Sciences
Mohammad N Jameel, Qiang Xiong, Abdul Mansoor, Robert J Bache, Jianyi Zhang
Congestive heart failure (CHF) is associated with intrinsic alterations of mitochondrial oxidative phosphorylation which lead to increased myocardial cytosolic free ADP. ATP sensitive K(+) channels (KATP) act as metabolic sensors that are important for maintaining coronary blood flow (MBF) and in mediating the response of the myocardium to stress. Coronary adenosine receptors (AdR) are not normally active but cause vasodilation during myocardial ischemia. This study examined the myocardial energetic response to inhibition of KATP and AdR in CHF...
March 2016: Journal of Molecular and Cellular Cardiology
Chubashini Shunthirasingham, Anya Gawor, Hayley Hung, Kenneth A Brice, Ky Su, Nick Alexandrou, Helena Dryfhout-Clark, Sean Backus, Ed Sverko, Cecilia Shin, Richard Park, Ronald Noronha
Long-term air monitoring data for POPs are required to determine the effectiveness of source reduction measures and factors controlling air concentrations. Air samples were collected between 1992 and 2012 at three sites with different geographical characteristics (Burnt Island, Egbert and Point Petre) in the Canadian Great Lakes Basin (GLB) using high-volume samplers and analyzed for organochlorine pesticides (OCPs) and polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs). Spatial and temporal trends of gas-phase concentrations of OCPs, selected PCB congeners and ƩPCBs (84 congeners) were assessed...
October 2016: Environmental Pollution
Hong-ye Zhang, Jin-chun Lu, Rui-xiang Feng
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the correlations of 24 biochemical markers in the seminal plasma with routine semen parameters. METHODS: According to the WHO5 standards, we analyzed the routine semen parameters of 66 subfertile men, including the semen volume, sperm concentration, total sperm count, sperm motility, and the percentage of progressively motile sperm (PR). Based on the calibration and quality control measures and using an automatic biochemistry analyzer or electrolyte analyzer, we detected 24 biochemical markers in the seminal plasma of the patients, including total protein (TP), albumin (Alb), globulin (Glb), uric acid (UA), alanine aminotransferase (ALT), aspartate aminotransferase (AST), alkaline phosphatase (AKP), γ-glutamyltransferase (GGT), lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), creatine kinase (CK), alpha hydroxybutyrate dehydrogenase (αHBDH), adenosine deaminase (ADA), glucose (Glu), triglyeride (TG), total cholesterol (TC), urea nitrogen (UN), creatinine (Cr), high-sensitive C-reactive protein (hsCRP), K+, Na+, Cl- , Ca, Mg, and phosphorus (P)...
December 2015: Zhonghua Nan Ke Xue, National Journal of Andrology
Zohar Abergel, Arijit Kumar Chatterjee, Binyamin Zuckerman, Einav Gross
Soluble guanylate cyclases (sGCs) are gas-binding proteins that control diverse physiological processes such as vasodilation, platelet aggregation, and synaptic plasticity. In the nematode Caenorhabditis elegans, a complex of sGCs, GCY-35 and GCY-36, functions in oxygen (O2) sensing. Previous studies suggested that the neuroglobin GLB-5 genetically interacts with GCY-35, and that the inhibitory effect of GLB-5 on GCY-35 function is necessary for fast recovery from prolonged hypoxia. In this study, we identified mutations in gcy-35 and gcy-36 that impact fast recovery and other phenotypes associated with GLB-5, without undermining sGC activity...
January 20, 2016: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
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