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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29733960/effects-of-dietary-glucose-and-starch-levels-on-the-growth-apparent-digestibility-and-skin-associated-mucosal-non-specific-immune-parameters-in-juvenile-blunt-snout-bream-megalobrama-amblycephala
#1
Si-Lei Xia, Xiang-Fei Li, Kenneth Prudence Abasubong, Chao Xu, Hua-Juan Shi, Wen-Bin Liu, Ding-Dong Zhang
A 10-week feeding trial was performed to evaluate the effects of different types and levels of carbohydrates in growth performance, apparent digestibility coefficients and skin-associated mucosal non-specific immune parameters in blunt snout bream (Megalobrama amblycephala). Fish were randomly fed four diets containing two carbohydrates (glucose and starch) diets and two carbohydrates levels (330 and 440 g kg-1 ). High carbohydrate levels remarkably increased the weight gain rate (WGR), apparent digestibility of dry matters, protein and carbohydrates, body crud protein content, plasma levels of aspartate transaminase (AST), and skin-associated mucosal levels of immunoglobulin M (IgM), HDL cholesterol, lysozyme (LZM), advanced the transcriptions of mucin 2 (Muc2), mucin 5b (Muc5b) and apolipoprotein A-I (apoA-I), whereas the opposite was true for feed conversion ratio (FCR), plasma levels of IgM, skin-associated mucosal levels of major histocompatibility complex (MHC) and β-Defensins, and the transcriptions of heat shock protein 60 (Hsp60)...
May 4, 2018: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29704881/transgene-independent-heredity-of-rddm-mediated-transcriptional-gene-silencing-of-endogenous-genes-in-rice
#2
Yuhya Wakasa, Taiji Kawakatsu, Takeo Harada, Fumio Takaiwa
To induce transcriptional gene silencing (TGS) of endogenous genes of rice (Oryza sativa L.), we expressed double-strand RNA of each promoter region and thus induced RNA-directed DNA methylation (RdDM). We targeted constitutively expressed genes encoding calnexin (CNX), protein disulfide isomerase (PDIL1-1), and luminal binding protein (BiP1); an endoplasmic reticulum stress-inducible gene (OsbZIP50); and genes with seed-specific expression encoding α-globulin (Glb-1) and glutelin-B4 (GluB4). TGS of four genes was obtained with high efficiency (CNX, 66...
April 28, 2018: Plant Biotechnology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29697498/successful-cholecystectomy-after-endoscopic-ultrasound-gallbladder-drainage-compared-with-percutaneous-cholecystostomy-can-it-be-done
#3
Monica Saumoy, Amy Tyberg, Elizabeth Brown, Soumitra R Eachempati, Michael Lieberman, Cheguevara Afaneh, Rastislav Kunda, Natalie Cosgrove, Ali Siddiqui, Monica Gaidhane, Michel Kahaleh
BACKGROUND: Endoscopic ultrasound-guided gallbladder drainage (EGBD) with a lumen apposing metal stent is becoming a widely accepted alternative to percutaneous gallbladder drainage (PTGD) for patients who are not candidates for cholecystectomy (CCY). In some patients, medical comorbidites can improve, allowing them to undergo CCY. We compare feasibility and outcomes of interval CCY after EGBD versus PTGD. METHODS: We conducted a multicentered international cohort study of patients who underwent EGBD or PTGD and then underwent interval CCY...
April 24, 2018: Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29616449/correlates-of-sexual-coercion-among-people-who-inject-drugs-pwid-in-los-angeles-and-san-francisco-ca
#4
Jeffery E Williams, Derek T Dangerfield, Alex H Kral, Lynn D Wenger, Ricky N Bluthenthal
Experiences of coerced or forced sex have been associated with risk for HIV infection for all adults and may be more common for gays, lesbians, bisexuals (GLB) and people who inject drugs (PWID). In this study, we explored factors associated with prior 12-month experiences of forced or coerced sex among a sample of PWID, with a focus on sexual orientation and gender. PWID (N = 772) from Los Angeles and San Francisco were recruited using targeted sampling methods in 2011-2013 and surveyed on a range of items related to demographics, drug use, HIV risk, and violence, including experiences of forced or coerced sex in the prior 12 months...
April 3, 2018: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29514568/evaluation-of-a-diabetes-prevention-program-lifestyle-intervention-in-older-adults-a-randomized-controlled-study-in-three-senior-community-centers-of-varying-socioeconomic-status
#5
M Kaye Kramer, Karl K Vanderwood, Vincent C Arena, Rachel G Miller, Rebecca Meehan, Yvonne L Eaglehouse, Gerald Schafer, Elizabeth M Venditti, Andrea M Kriska
Purpose The purpose of this study is to evaluate the feasibility and effectiveness of an adapted Diabetes Prevention Program (DPP) lifestyle program, DPP Group Lifestyle Balance (GLB), delivered in 3 economically diverse senior/community centers. Methods The DPP-GLB was implemented in 3 senior/community centers in Allegheny County, PA. A 6-month delayed control intervention design was used. Participants were randomized to begin the DPP-GLB immediately (immediate) or after a 6-month delay (delayed). Adults (n = 134; mean age = 62...
April 2018: Diabetes Educator
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29502422/morphological-and-physicochemical-evaluation-of-two-distinct-glibenclamide-hypromellose-amorphous-nanoparticles-prepared-by-the-antisolvent-method
#6
Hazuki Yonashiro, Kenjirou Higashi, Chikako Morikawa, Keisuke Ueda, Tsutomu Itoh, Masataka Ito, Hyuma Masu, Shuji Noguchi, Kunikazu Moribe
The morphology and stability of amorphous nanoparticles of glibenclamide (GLB) prepared by the antisolvent method using different methods of adding hypromellose (HPMC) were evaluated. Nano-A was prepared by the injection of a dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) solution of GLB into the HPMC solution, whereas nano-B was obtained by the injection of a DMSO solution of GLB and HPMC into water. Cryogenic transmission electron microscopy, field-emission scanning electron microscopy, and field-emission transmission electron microscopy, including energy dispersive X-ray spectrometry, revealed that the particles of the nano-A and nano-B samples are hollow spheres and nonspherical nanoparticles, respectively...
April 2, 2018: Molecular Pharmaceutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29461545/temporal-trends-of-halogenated-flame-retardants-in-the-atmosphere-of-the-canadian-great-lakes-basin-2005-2014
#7
Chubashini Shunthirasingham, Nick Alexandrou, Kenneth A Brice, Helena Dryfhout-Clark, Ky Su, Cecilia Shin, Richard Park, Artur Pajda, Ronald Noronha, Hayley Hung
Organic pollutants have been monitored in the atmosphere of the Great Lake Basin (GLB) since the 1990s in support of the Canada-US Great Lakes Water Quality Agreement and to determine the effectiveness of source reduction measures and factors influencing air concentrations. Air samples were collected between 2005 and 2014 at three sites with different geographical characteristics (Burnt Island, Egbert and Point Petre) in the Canadian GLB using high-volume air samplers and the air samples were analyzed for polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) and several other non-PBDE halogenated flame retardants (HFRs)...
March 1, 2018: Environmental Science. Processes & Impacts
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29432762/synthesis-of-a-glibenclamide-cocrystal-full-spectroscopic-and-thermal-characterization
#8
Silvério Ferreira Silva Filho, Andreia Cardoso Pereira, Jorge M G Sarraguça, Mafalda C Sarraguça, João Lopes, Pedro de Freitas Façanha Filho, Adenilson Oliveira Dos Santos, Paulo Roberto da Silva Ribeiro
A cocrystal of glibenclamide, an antidiabetic drug classified as type II compound according to the Biopharmaceutics Classification System, has been synthesized using tromethamine as coformer in 1:1 molar ratio, by slow solvent evaporation cocrystalization. The cocrystal obtained was characterized by X-ray powder diffraction, differential scanning calorimetry, Raman, mid infrared, and near-infrared spectroscopy. The results consistently show the formation of a cocrystal between active pharmaceutical ingredients and conformer with the synthons corresponding to hydrogen bonding between hydrogen in amines of tromethamine and carbonyl and sulfonyl groups in glibenclamide...
February 9, 2018: Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29427880/selective-and-rapid-determination-of-tadalafil-and-finasteride-using-solid-phase-extraction-by-high-performance-liquid-chromatography-and-tandem-mass-spectrometry
#9
Nagaraju Pappula, Balaji Kodali, Peda Varma Datla
Highly selective and fast liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometric (LC-MS/MS) method was developed and validated for simultaneous determination of tadalafil (TDL) and finasteride (FNS) in human plasma. The method was successfully applied for analysis of TDL and FNS samples in clinical study. The method was validated as per USFDA (United States Food and Drug Administration), EMA (European Medicines Agency), and ANVISA (Agência Nacional de Vigilância Sanitária-Brazil) bio analytical method validation guidelines...
April 15, 2018: Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29405562/low-bmi-is-correlated-with-increased-tgf-%C3%AE-and-il-10-mrna-levels-in-the-peripheral-blood-of-breast-cancer-patients
#10
Chao Liu, Qian Wang, Bing Sun, Xiangying Meng, Lan Li, Liuchun Yang, Yang Cong, Jiannan Liu, Liang Xuan, Yan Huang, Shikai Wu
Transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β), interleukin-10 (IL-10), and forkhead box P3 (Foxp3) have important roles in breast cancer development. Previous studies confirmed a correlation between these immune molecules and tumor characteristics, but their association with nutritional status in breast cancer is largely unknown. We aimed to investigate the association between body mass index (BMI), hemoglobin, total protein, albumin, globulin (GLB), albumin/GLB ratio (AGR), pre-albumin, prognostic nutritional index, and TGF-β, IL-10, and Foxp3 mRNA expression in patients with breast cancer...
March 2018: IUBMB Life
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29401348/evaluation-of-the-group-lifestyle-balance-program-in-a-military-setting-an-investment-worth-expanding
#11
Jana L Wardian, Mark W True, Tom J Sauerwein, Nina A Watson, Austin M Hoover
Introduction: The Diabetes Prevention Program (DPP) demonstrated that lifestyle intervention programs were effective in preventing or delaying the onset of diabetes. The Group Lifestyle Balance (GLB) program translated the DPP curriculum into a 12-wk group intervention for those at risk for diabetes. This retrospective evaluation examined clinical outcomes for patients in the Diabetes Center of Excellence GLB program located at Wilford Hall Ambulatory Surgical Center from 2009 to 2013...
January 1, 2018: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334650/environmentally-relevant-concentrations-of-glibenclamide-induce-oxidative-stress-in-common-carp-cyprinus-carpio
#12
Ericka María Guadalupe Martínez-Viveros, Hariz Islas-Flores, Octavio Dublán-García, Marcela Galar-Martínez, Nely SanJuan-Reyes, Sandra García-Medina, María Dolores Hernández-Navarro, Leobardo Manuel Gómez-Oliván
The hypoglycemic pharmaceutical glibenclamide (GLB) is widely used around the world. This medication is released into the environment by municipal, hospital and industrial wastewater discharges. Although there are reports of its environmental occurrence in the scientific literature, toxicity studies on aquatic species of commercial interest such as the common carp Cyprinus carpio are scarce. The present study aimed to evaluate the oxidative stress induced on C. carpio by environmentally relevant concentrations of GLB...
April 2018: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321527/a-hospital-based-retrospective-study-of-factors-influencing-therapeutic-leukapheresis-in-patients-presenting-with-hyperleukocytic-leukaemia
#13
Yanxia Jin, Shishang Guo, Qin Cui, Sichao Chen, Xiaoping Liu, Yongchang Wei, Yunbao Pan, Liang Tang, Tingting Huang, Hui Shen, Guanghui Xu, Xuelan Zuo, Shangqin Liu, Hui Xiao, Fei Chen, Fayun Gong, Fuling Zhou
Therapeutic leukapheresis is a rapid and effective method to reduce early mortality of patients with hyperleukocytic leukaemia (HLL). However, few studies on factors influencing the efficiency have been reported. In this study, 67 cases who underwent leukapheresis were retrospectively analysed and factors related to the collection efficiency of leukapheresis (CEWBC ) were also evaluated. Paired t test showed that there was a significant decrease in statistics of white blood cell (WBC) counts after apheresis...
January 10, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29246727/examination-of-environmentally-friendly-green-logistics-behavior-of-managers-in-the-pharmaceutical-sector-using-the-theory-of-planned-behavior
#14
Miray Arslan, Sevgi Şar
BACKGROUND: Logistics activities play a prominent role in enabling manufacturers, distribution channels, and pharmacies to work in harmony. Nowadays these activities have become increasingly striking in the pharmaceutical industry and seen as a development area for this sector. Additionally, green practices are beginning to be more attracting particularly in decreasing costs and increasing image of pharmaceutical companies. OBJECTIVE: The main objective of this study was modeling green logistics (GL) behavior of the managers in the pharmaceutical sector in the theory of planned behavior (TPB) frame via structural equation modeling (SEM)...
December 11, 2017: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241205/glaucocalyxin-b-alleviates-lipopolysaccharide-induced-parkinson-s-disease-by-inhibiting-tlr-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-and-activating-nrf2-ho-1-pathway
#15
Wei Xu, Deyu Zheng, Yuanyuan Liu, Ji Li, Li Yang, Xiuli Shang
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Parkinson's disease (PD) is a common neurodegenerative disease in the old population, characterized by dopaminergic neuron loss, inflammation and oxidative stress injury in the substantia nigra. Glaucocalyxin B (GLB), an ent-kauranoid diterpenoid isolated from Rabdosia japonica, has anti-inflammation and anti-tumor effects. However, its effects on PD remain unclear. METHODS: PD was introduced in rats via injection of lipopolysaccharide (LPS) into cerebral corpus striatum, and GLB was given intracerebroventricularly to these rats...
2017: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201866/getting-lost-behavior-in-patients-with-mild-alzheimer-s-disease-a-cognitive-and-anatomical-model
#16
Chathuri Yatawara, Daryl Renick Lee, Levinia Lim, Juan Zhou, Nagaendran Kandiah
Background: Getting lost behavior (GLB) in the elderly is believed to involve poor top-down modulation of visuospatial processing, by impaired executive functions. However, since healthy elderly and elderly with Alzheimer's disease (AD) experience a different pattern of cognitive decline, it remains unclear whether this hypothesis can explain GLB in dementia. Objective: We sought to identify whether poor executive functions and working memory modulate the relationship between visuospatial processing and prevalence of GLB in healthy elderly and patients with AD...
2017: Frontiers in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29190739/anthelminthic-activity-of-glibenclamide-on-secondary-cystic-echinococcosis-in-mice
#17
Julia A Loos, María Sandra Churio, Andrea C Cumino
Cystic echinococcosis (CE) is a worldwide parasitic zoonosis caused by the larval stage of Echinococcus granulosus. Current chemotherapy against this disease is based on the administration of benzimidazoles (BZMs). However, BZM treatment has a low cure rate and causes several side effects. Therefore, new treatment options are needed. The antidiabetic drug glibenclamide (Glb) is a second-generation sulfonylurea receptor inhibitor that has been shown to be active against protozoan parasites. Hence, we assessed the in vitro and in vivo pharmacological effects of Glb against the larval stage of E...
November 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137101/analysis-of-islet-beta-cell-functions-and-their-correlations-with-liver-dysfunction-in-patients-with-neonatal-intrahepatic-cholestasis-caused-by-citrin-deficiency-niccd
#18
Chun-Ting Lu, Jing Yang, Si-Min Huang, Lie Feng, Ze-Jian Li
Neonatal intrahepatic cholestasis caused by citrin deficiency (NICCD) primarily manifests in neonates or infants with hepatomegaly, liver dysfunction, and hypoglycemia. This study investigated the functions of islet beta cells and their correlations with liver dysfunction in NICCD patients.We retrospectively analyzed clinical data on liver function and islet beta cell functions for 36 patients diagnosed with NICCD and 50 subjects as the control group. The NICCD group had significantly higher total bilirubin (TBIL), direct bilirubin (DBIL), alanine aminotransferase (ALT), aspartate amino transferase (AST), gamma-glutamyl transpeptidase (GGT), alkaline phosphatase (ALP) and alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) levels and albumin/globulin ratio (A/G) (P < ...
November 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129715/reducing-barriers-to-healthy-weight-planned-and-responsive-adaptations-to-a-lifestyle-intervention-to-serve-people-with-impaired-mobility
#19
Andrea C Betts, Katherine Froehlich-Grobe, Simon Driver, Danielle Carlton, M Kaye Kramer
BACKGROUND: People with impaired mobility (IM) disabilities have a higher prevalence of obesity and obesity-related chronic conditions; however, lifestyle interventions that address the unique needs of people with IM are lacking. OBJECTIVE: This paper describes an adapted evidence-based lifestyle intervention developed through community-based participatory research (CBPR). METHODS: Individuals with IM, health professionals, disability group representatives, and researchers formed an advisory board to guide the process of thoroughly adapting the Diabetes Prevention Program Group Lifestyle Balance (DPP GLB) intervention after a successful pilot in people with IM...
October 27, 2017: Disability and Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29064763/a-quantitative-examination-of-identity-integration-in-gay-lesbian-and-bisexual-people-of-faith
#20
Eric M Rodriguez, Chana Etengoff, Michelle D Vaughan
Much of the religious/spiritual development of gays, lesbians, and bisexuals (GLBs) has focused on experiences of conflict and distress, providing little insight into how these identities can be integrated. The present study explored the religious and spiritual lives of GLBs with a specific focus on the integration of these identities. We conducted a retrospective secondary data analysis of 750 GLB individuals from the Northern California Health Study to quantitatively assess sexual orientation and religion/spirituality integration using hierarchical cluster analysis...
October 24, 2017: Journal of Homosexuality
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