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Abbas Heydari, Fatemeh Khorashadizadeh, Fatemeh Heshmati Nabavi, Seyed Reza Mazlom, Mahdi Ebrahimi
CONTEXT: In order to gain a more detailed insight into the concept of spiritual health, a hybrid model of concept analysis was used to remove some of the ambiguity surrounding the conceptual meaning of spiritual health in Islamic and Iranian contexts. The purpose of this study was to clarify the meaning and nature of the spiritual health concept in the context of the practice of Islam among Iranian patients. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: The current concept analysis was undertaken according to the modified traditional hybrid model, which consists of five phases: theoretical phase, initial fieldwork phase, initial analytical phase, and final fieldwork and final analytical phase...
June 2016: Iranian Red Crescent Medical Journal
Fahimeh Kalbasi-Isfahani, Mohsen Deleer
BACKGROUND: The "Sex-Reassignment Surgery" is a solution that besides behavioral therapy has been suggested to people suffering from gender identity disorders in recent years. In Iran, this trend has become more popular over the past years due to the inclination to reach to the goal rapidly with less effort and also the surgery has attracted many patients with the problem. Religious clerics have tried to determine the religious doctrines for this practice and as a result a group of them favor an absolute permission while others choose prohibition and some of them favor a middle path...
July 2016: Journal of Reproduction & Infertility
Mohsen Rezaei Aderyani, Mohsen Javadi, Saeid Nazari Tavakkoli, Mehrzad Kiani, Mahmood Abbasi
A major debate in medical ethics is the request for futile treatment. The topic of medical futility requires discrete assessment in Iran for at least two reasons. First, the common principles and foundations of medical ethics have taken shape in the context of Western culture and secularism. Accordingly, the implementation of the same guidelines and codes of medical ethics as Western societies in Muslim communities does not seem rational. Second, the challenges arising in health service settings are divergent across different countries...
2016: Journal of Medical Ethics and History of Medicine
Nazish Imran, Sania Ashraf, Rabia Shoukat, Muhammad Ijaz Pervez
OBJECTIVE: To assess the perceptions of mothers regarding child mental health problems, its causes, preferred treatment options, and to determine whom they would consult, if their child had a psychiatric illness. METHODS: Following informed consent, a questionnaire covering perceptions regarding various aspects of child mental illness was used for data collection from mothers. They were asked to identify the symptoms and behaviours they considered psychopathological in children, which treatments they would prefer, where they would turn for help with a mentally ill child, and their understanding of the causes of child psychiatric disorders in addition to ways to increase awareness of child psychiatric issues in the society...
May 2016: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
Majed Chamsi-Pasha, Hassan Chamsi-Pasha
Ramadan is one of the five fundamental pillars of Islam. During this month, the majority of the 1.6 billion Muslims worldwide observe an absolute fast from dawn to sunset without any drink or food. Our review shows that the impact of fasting during Ramadan on patients with stable cardiac disease is minimal and does not lead to any increase in acute events. Most patients with the stable cardiac disease can fast safely. Most of the drug doses and their regimen are easily manageable during this month and may need not to be changed...
April 2016: Avicenna Journal of Medicine
Ali Tarighat-Esfanjani, Nazli Namazi
The Holy Quran is a religious book of Muslims. In many verses of Quran, various foods are discussed. It seems that limited studies were performed on identification the nutritional verses and their frequencies in the Holy Quran. Therefore, the aims of present study were to establish a numerical model system for studying nutritional verses of Quran, determination of verses with nutritional concepts and frequency of foodstuffs in the Holy Quran. In this descriptive analytical study, "Ghamoos e Quran" and "Vazheyab" online softwares were used to determine the nutritional keywords in Quran...
June 2016: Journal of Religion and Health
Mohamed Y Rady, Joseph L Verheijde
Brain death is a novel construct of death for the procurement of transplantable organs. Many authoritative Islamic organizations and governments have endorsed brain death as true death for organ donation. Many commentators have reiterated the misconception that the Quranic text does not define death. We respond by clarifying: (1) the Quran does define death as biologic disintegration and clearly distinguishes it from the dying process, (2) brain death belongs scientifically within the spectrum of neurologic disorders of consciousness and should not be confused with death, and (3) religious and legal discord about brain death has grown in jurisdictions worldwide...
August 2016: Journal of Religion and Health
Mohamed Y Rady, Joseph L Verheijde
There is a trend of recruiting faith leaders at mosques to overcome religious barriers to organ donation, and to increase donor registration among Muslims. Commentators have suggested that Muslims are not given enough information about organ donation in religious sermons or lectures delivered at mosques. Corrective actions have been recommended, such as funding campaigns to promote organ donation, and increasing the availability of organ donation information at mosques. These actions are recommended despite published literature expressing safety concerns (i...
September 2016: HEC Forum: An Interdisciplinary Journal on Hospitals' Ethical and Legal Issues
Tamer Abou-Elsaad, Hemmat Baz, Omayma Afsah, Hend Abo-Elsoud
BACKGROUND: Measuring the severity of a voice disorder is difficult. This can be achieved by both subjective and objective measures. The Voice Handicap Index is the most known and used self-rating tool for voice disorders. The Classical Singing Handicap Index (CSHI) is a self-administered questionnaire measuring the impact of vocal deviation on the quality of life of singers. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to develop an Arabic version of the CSHI and to test its validity and reliability in Egyptian singers with different singing styles with normal voice and with voice disorders...
January 14, 2016: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
Saleem Alhabash, Nasser Almutairi, Mohammad Abu Rub
This experiment investigated the effects of message framing (gain vs. loss) and religious rhetoric (religious vs. non-religious) on the expression of anti-alcohol civic intentions with a sample (N = 80) of Palestinian young adults. Results showed that the main effects of message framing (gain > loss) and religious rhetoric (non-religious > religious) on anti-alcohol civic intentions were significant. Furthermore, the study showed that viral behavioral intentions were strongly and significantly associated with expressing anti-alcohol civic intentions, with larger explanatory power for gain-framed PSAs that used a religious rhetoric...
January 4, 2016: Journal of Religion and Health
Sarita Silveira, Yan Bao, Lingyan Wang, Ernst Pöppel, Mihai Avram, Fabian Simmank, Yuliya Zaytseva, Janusch Blautzik
Does a religion shape belief-related decisions and influence neural processing? We investigated an eminent bishop of the Catholic Church in Germany by using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) to assess neural processing while he was responding to short sentences of the Christian Bible, the Islamic Quran, and the Daodejing ascribed to Laozi in Experiment 1. In Experiment 2, continuous praying was further compared to the resting state activity. In contrast to explicit statements of agreeing or not agreeing to different statements from the Bible and the Quran, we found in Experiment 1 no difference in neural activation when the bishop was reading these statements from the two religions...
December 2015: PsyCh Journal
Pezhman Bagheri, Mohammad Reza Mohammadi, Nematollah Shafiei
Several documents have investigated the area of Quran study and medicine from different points of view; the present study has been assessing all the documents about Quran study and medicine, published in Iranian scientific-research journals, to create an opportunity of revising the interventions executed in this areas and targeting the decisions in order to draw a clear and more realistic vision. In this simple review study, scientific-research and general informative websites in the period of 1992-2013 were explored by taking advantage of critical keywords such as Islamic medicine and Islamic lifestyle...
June 26, 2015: Journal of Religion and Health
Khashayar Beigi
While Russia has historically and geographically close ties with Islam, the second most-practiced religion in its vast territories, the collapse of the USSR changed the terms of this relationship in significant ways. One key shift is the emergence of new immigration patterns between Russia and former Soviet states. Traversing distant lands from the peripheries of the Caucasus and Central Asia to mainland Russia in search of work, migrants have come to recognize each other as fellow Muslims dispersed in a theological geography on the ruins of the universal comradeship dreamed by the Soviet utopia...
April 2016: Transcultural Psychiatry
Yousef Mohammad, Ahmed Al-Ahmari, Fahad Al-Dashash, Fawaz Al-Hussain, Firas Al-Masnour, Abdullah Masoud, Hoda Jradi
BACKGROUND: Traditional medicine (TM) has been established as a two-edged sword. On one edge numerous forms of TM have been proven safe and effective, while on the other edge various modes of TM have been shown to be futile and potentially dangerous. Resorting to TM, especially for chronic diseases, is common world-wide and includes Saudi Arabia. Most neurological diseases are chronic. No data is available on the utilization of TM among patients with neurological disorders. We conducted this study to assess for the prevalence, pattern, perception and triggers for TM use by the adult Saudi patients with neurological disorders...
2015: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
Mahsa Vaghefi, Ali Motie Nasrabadi, Seyed Mohammad Reza Hashemi Golpayegani, Mohammad-Reza Mohammadi, Shahriar Gharibzadeh
The aim of this study is to investigate the effect of Quran on a Persian-speaking Muslim. Volunteers listened to three different audio files (Verses from Sura 'Forqan' unconsciously; Arabic text unconsciously; Verses from Sura 'Fath' consciously). EEG signals were recorded and the changes in the relative power of theta and alpha band are considered an indicators of relaxation. The findings indicate that conscious listening to Holy Quran increases the relative theta power in most areas of the head, compared to the rest condition, and listening to Quran unconsciously increased relative theta power in the frontal and central lobes of the head significantly, compared to the rest condition...
February 2015: Journal of Medical Engineering & Technology
Hanadi A Al Quran, Yousef Saleh Khader, Ziad Mohd Ellauzi, Amjad Shdaifat
We assessed the effect of real-time teledermatology consultations on diagnosis and disease management, patients' quality of life and time- and cost-savings. All consecutive patients with skin diseases attending teledermatology clinics at two rural hospitals in Jordan were included in the study. Patients were interviewed at their initial visit and again after eight weeks. Various questionnaires and forms, including quality of life questionnaires, were used to collect the data. Ninety teledermatology consultations were performed for 88 patients between September 2013 and January 2014...
March 2015: Journal of Telemedicine and Telecare
A Tarighat-Esfanjani, N Namazi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2016: Journal of Religion and Health
Jameel Khaleel Hijazeen, Munir Ahmad Abu-Helalah, Hussam Ahmad Alshraideh, Omar Salameh Alrawashdeh, Fadi Nather Hawa, Tariq Asem Dalbah, Fadi Walid Abdallah
The aim of this cross-sectional study was to assess the knowledge about epilepsy and the attitudes toward people with epilepsy (PWE) and their predictors among university students in Jordan. A self-administered questionnaire was distributed in three of the largest public universities in Jordan, and a total of 500 questionnaires were collected from each university. The number of students who reported that they had heard or read about epilepsy was 1165 (77.6%), and their data were analyzed. A significant proportion of students thought that epilepsy could be caused by the evil spirit (31...
December 2014: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
Yousef Saleh Khader, Mohamad Ismail Jarrah, Abde-Ellah M Al-Shudifat, Amjad Shdaifat, Husham Aljanabi, Shadwan Ismeil Al-Fakeh, Elias Emil Turk, Khaled Ali Zayed, Hanadi A Al Quran, Ziad Mohd Ellauzi, Mohammad Al Tahan
Objectives. To assess the impact of live interactive telecardiology on diagnosis and disease management, patients' quality of life, and time- and cost-savings. Methods. All consecutive patients who attended or were referred to the teleclinics for suspected cardiac problems in two hospitals in remote areas of Jordan during the study period were included in the study. Patients were interviewed for relevant information and their quality of life was assessed during the first visit and 8 weeks after the last visit...
2014: International Journal of Telemedicine and Applications
Hassan Chamsi-Pasha, Waqar H Ahmed, Khaled F Al-Shaibi
The holy month of Ramadan is one of the five pillars of Islam. During this month, fasting Muslims refrain from eating, drinking, smoking, and sex from dawn until sunset. Although the Quran exempts sick people from the duty of fasting, it is not uncommon for many heart disease patients to fast during Ramadan. Despite the fact that more than a billion Muslims worldwide fast during Ramadan, there is no clear consensus on its effects on cardiac disease. Some studies have shown that the effects of fasting on stable patients with cardiac disease are minimal and the majority of patients with stable cardiac illness can endure Ramadan fasting with no clinical deterioration...
October 2014: Journal of the Saudi Heart Association
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