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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770944/analysis-of-pastoralists-perception-on-challenges-and-opportunities-for-sheep-and-goat-production-in-northern-kenya
#1
Mohamed Haji Abdilatif, Joshua Orungo Onono, Florence Kanini Mutua
Small ruminants' production contributes to livelihood of pastoral communities, but this faces myriad constraints. This study aimed at identifying challenges facing producers of small ruminants, prioritizing diseases and their control measures and documenting opportunities for improvement. Sixteen focus group discussions with livestock owners and 13 key informant interviews were done in selected areas in Mandera County, Northern Kenya, and both quantitative and qualitative data collected using a questionnaire guide...
May 16, 2018: Tropical Animal Health and Production
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29623061/explicit-versus-implicit-halal-information-influence-of-the-halal-label-and-the-country-of-origin-information-on-product-perceptions-in-indonesia
#2
Dominika Maison, Marta Marchlewska, Dewi Syarifah, Rizqy A Zein, Herison P Purba
Halal refers to what is permissible in traditional Islamic law. Food that meets halal requirements is marked by a halal label on the packaging and should be especially attractive to those Muslims who follow the set of dietary laws outlined in the Quran. This research examines the role of the halal label (explicit cue) and the country-of-origin (COO) (implicit cue) in predicting positive product perceptions among Muslim consumers. We hypothesized that when an explicit sign of "halalness" (i.e., halal label) relating to a particular product is accompanied by an implicit sign of anti - "halalness" (i...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29619259/primary-effusion-lymphoma-without-an-effusion-a-rare-case-of-solid-extracavitary-variant-of-primary-effusion-lymphoma-in-an-hiv-positive-patient
#3
Hamza Hashmi, Drew Murray, Samer Al-Quran, William Tse
Primary effusion lymphoma (PEL) is a unique form of non-Hodgkin lymphoma, usually seen in severely immunocompromised, HIV-positive patients. PEL is related to human herpesvirus-8 (HHV-8) infection, and it usually presents as a lymphomatous body cavity effusion in the absence of a solid tumor mass. There have been very few case reports of HIV-positive patients with HHV-8-positive solid tissue lymphomas not associated with an effusion (a solid variant of PEL). In the absence of effusion, establishing an accurate diagnosis can be challenging, and a careful review of morphology, immunophenotype, and presence of HHV-8 is necessary to differentiate from other subtypes of non-Hodgkin lymphoma...
2018: Case Reports in Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29531853/pattern-of-burn-injury-at-north-of-jordan
#4
Ziad A Bataineh, Thekraiat M Al Quran, Hamzeh Al Balas, Muhmammad R Khammash
To the best of our knowledge, pattern of burn injury was not reported yet at our region, our hospital considered the only tertiary referral center with the only burn unit at the region since 2001 till date, a retrospective analysis of our computerized filing system recorded 527 burn patients between 2001-2016, mean age was 26 years; 1.27:1 was the male to female ratio, 79 patients were found to have major burns, 46% of admissions were below 20 years' age, 92% was at domestic site of affection and 65% due to flame burn followed by scald burn in about 23%...
2018: International Journal of Burns and Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29530034/the-use-of-complementary-and-alternative-medicine-by-patients-with-cancer-a-cross-sectional-survey-in-saudi-arabia
#5
Khadega A Abuelgasim, Yousef Alsharhan, Tariq Alenzi, Abdulaziz Alhazzani, Yosra Z Ali, Abdul Rahman Jazieh
BACKGROUND: A significant proportion of cancer patients use complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) along with conventional therapies (CT), whereas a smaller proportion delay or defer CT in favor of CAM. Previous studies exploring CAM use among cancer patients in the Middle East region have shown discrepant results. This study investigates the prevalence and pattern of CAM use by Saudi cancer patients. It also discusses the possible benefits and harm related to CAM use by cancer patients, and it explores the beliefs patients hold and their transparency with health care providers regarding their CAM use...
March 12, 2018: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29529984/in-the-beginning-was-the-genome-genomics-and-the-bi-textuality-of-human-existence
#6
H A E Hub Zwart
This paper addresses the cultural impact of genomics and the Human Genome Project (HGP) on human self-understanding. Notably, it addresses the claim made by Francis Collins (director of the HGP) that the genome is the language of God and the claim made by Max Delbrück (founding father of molecular life sciences research) that Aristotle must be credited with having predicted DNA as the soul that organises bio-matter. From a continental philosophical perspective I will argue that human existence results from a dialectical interaction between two types of texts: the language of molecular biology and the language of civilisation; the language of the genome and the language of our socio-cultural, symbolic ambiance...
April 2018: New Bioethics: a Multidisciplinary Journal of Biotechnology and the Body
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29526198/decontamination-and-survival-of-enterobacteriaceae-on-shredded-iceberg-lettuce-during-storage
#7
Tareq M Osaili, Akram R Alaboudi, Heba N Al-Quran, Anas A Al-Nabulsi
Enterobacteriaceae family can contaminate fresh produce at any stage of production either at pre-harvest or post-harvest stages. The objectives of the current study were to i) identify Enterobacteriaceae species on iceberg lettuce, ii) compare the decontamination efficiency of water, sodium hypochlorite (free chlorine 200 ppm), peroxyacetic acid (PA 80 ppm; Kenocid 2100® ) or their combinations and ionizing radiation against Enterobacteriaceae on shredded iceberg lettuce and iii) determine the survival of Enterobacteriaceae post-treatment storage of shredded iceberg lettuce at 4, 10 and 25 °C, for up to 7 days...
August 2018: Food Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29484510/impact-of-quran-in-treatment-of-the-psychological-disorder-and-spiritual-illness
#8
Ali Ali Gobaili Saged, Mohd Yakub Zulkifli Mohd Yusoff, Faizuri Abdul Latif, Syed Mohammad Hilmi, Waleed Mugahed Al-Rahmi, Ahmed Al-Samman, Norma Alias, Akram M Zeki
This paper studies the effect of Quranic therapy on psychological diseases and spiritual diseases. The experiments have been conducted on a random sample with 121 patients from both genders. The procedures that have been followed were different sessions with the patients, who were given some verses from the Holy Quran to listen within a specific period of time. After that, each patient was given a remedy program. This study aimed to measure the effectiveness and responsiveness of patients to receive treatment through Quran...
February 26, 2018: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29474745/nk-cell-enteropathy-a-case-report-with-ten-years-of-indolent-clinical-behavior
#9
James Isom, May R Arroyo, Deepa Reddy, Priti Joshi-Guske, Samer Z Al-Quran, Ying Li, Robert W Allan
NK-cell enteropathy is a recently described clinically indolent condition characterized by atypical NK-cell infiltrates in the gastrointestinal mucosa that mimics malignant lymphoma. We report the case of a 69-year-old female who clinically had long-standing abdominal pain and recurrent mucosal ulcerations associated with atypical NK-cell infiltrates. The clinical, morphologic, and immunophenotypic findings in this case were diagnostic of NK-cell enteropathy. Review of the patient's prior biopsies demonstrated that this persisted without clinical progression for ten years-confirming the clinical indolent course...
February 23, 2018: Histopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29439791/-the-representation-of-the-body-in-islam
#10
Sadek Beloucif
Science and Islamic culture incorporate the sacred and the profane. For a Muslim, science must be useful for humanity, and scientists must take responsibility, commensurate with their knowledge, for the potential consequences of their research. In this context, questions relating to the body in Islam take into account the Quran, hadiths and elements of established precedents.
January 2018: Soins; la Revue de Référence Infirmière
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29175788/abrogation-of-carbon-tetrachloride-induced-hepatotoxicity-in-sprague-dawley-rats-by-ajwa-date-fruit-extract-through-ameliorating-oxidative-stress-and-apoptosis
#11
Bakheet Elsadek, El-Sayed El-Sayed, Ahmed Mansour, Ayman Elazab
Ajwa, a variety of date palme Phoenix dactylifera L., has long been used and considered as one of the most popular fruits in the North Africa and Middle East region. For Muslims this fruit is of religious importance and is mentioned several times in Quran. Besides being a part of the Arabian essential diet, dates have been used traditionally for number of complications. This study aimed to evaluate the possible potential of Ajwa date extract to guard against carbon tetrachloride (CCL4)-induced liver damage in rats...
November 2017: Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163949/health-benefits-of-quran-memorization-for-older-men
#12
Nazmus Saquib, Juliann Saquib, Abdulrahman Alhadlag, Mohamad Anas Albakour, Bader Aljumah, Mohammed Sughayyir, Ziad Alhomidan, Omar Alminderej, Mohamed Aljaser, Ahmed Mohammed Al-Dhlawiy, Abdulrahman Al-Mazrou
Objective: To examine the association between Quran memorization and health among older men. Methods: This cross-sectional study included older Saudi men (age ≥ 55 years) from Buraidah, Al-Qassim. The neighborhoods were selected randomly (20 out of 96); eligible men from the mosques were recruited. Demographics, lifestyle, and depression were assessed with standardized questionnaires; height, weight, blood pressure, and random blood glucose (glucometer) were measured with standard protocol...
2017: SAGE Open Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133024/determination-of-the-knowledge-level-attitudes-and-behaviors-of-islamic-religious-officials-toward-blood-donation
#13
Hamit Sirri Keten, Oguz Isik, Celal Kus, Ozgur Ersoy, Soner Olmez, Fatis Yildirim, Mustafa Celik
The aim of the present study was to determine knowledge level, attitudes, and behaviors of Islamic religious officials toward blood donation. This study included 334 religious officials rendering service in the province of Kahramanmaras, located in the Mediterranean region of Turkey. A questionnaire was administered to gather sociodemographic data of the participants and their knowledge levels, attitudes, and behaviors toward blood donation. The questionnaire consisted of 11 questions that yielded a total of 11 points...
December 2017: Transfusion and Apheresis Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110206/incorporating-islamic-creed-into-islamic-counselling-process-a-guideline-to-counsellors
#14
Norazlina Zakaria, Noor Shakirah Mat Akhir
This article is a concept paper that reviewed the main principles of Islamic creed (aqīdah) related to counselling. Islamic creed has been regarded as the root of Islam; thus, it should be the fundamental composition of Islamic counselling. The objectives of this review are to demonstrate the relationship between counselling and Islamic creed and to establish a guideline for the practitioners of Islamic counselling when consulting with their clients in matters related to creed. The review was conducted by suggesting methods to incorporate Islamic creed into three stages of counselling process...
November 7, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29067599/legislative-enforcement-of-nonconsensual-determination-of-neurological-brain-death-in-muslim-patients-a-violation-of-religious-rights
#15
Mohamed Y Rady, Joseph L Verheijde
Death is defined in the Quran with a single criterion of irreversible separation of the ruh (soul) from the body. The Quran is a revelation from God to man, and the primary source of Islamic knowledge. The secular concept of death by neurological criteria, or brain death, is at odds with the Quranic definition of death. The validity of this secular concept has been contested scientifically and philosophically. To legitimize brain death for the purpose of organ donation and transplantation in Muslim communities, Chamsi-Pasha and Albar (concurring with the US President's Council on Bioethics) have argued that irreversible loss of capacity for consciousness and breathing (apneic coma) in brain death defines true death in accordance with Islamic sources...
October 24, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28965157/the-effect-of-listening-to-holy-quran-recitation-on-weaning-patients-receiving-mechanical-ventilation-in-the-intensive-care-unit-a-pilot-study
#16
Mohammad Yadak, Khalid Aziz Ansari, Hatem Qutub, Hajed Al-Otaibi, Omar Al-Omar, Nawal Al-Onizi, Faraz Ahmed Farooqi
Mechanical ventilation (MV) causes high level of stress in hospitalized patients. Weaning is the gradual process of decreasing ventilator support that in turn lead to termination of MV and increased respiratory effort, which may exacerbate symptoms and prolong MV. This study aimed to investigate the effect of listening to Holy Quran recitation (HQR) as a non-pharmacological intervention in patients during weaning from mechanical ventilation. This is a randomized controlled trial in which 55 patients admitted in the intensive care unit (ICU) and on mechanical ventilation were recruited...
September 30, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900859/efficacy-of-surah-al-rehman-in-managing-depression-in-muslim-women
#17
Rafia Rafique, Afifa Anjum, Shazza Shazdey Raheem
The study empirically investigated the idea that Quranic verses (Surah Al-Rehman) can help manage depression. Abdullah Ibn Mas'ud (radiAllahu anhu) reported that the Prophet (salAllahu alayhi wasalam) said, "Everything has an adornment, and the adornment of the Qur'an is Surah Al-Rehman." Surah Al-Rehman is the most rhythmic surah of the Quran, so it was used for our experimental study. The idea of the study was drawn from the premise that music therapy helps reduce depression. The objective of the present study was to investigate the efficacy of Surah Al-Rehman for managing depression in Muslim women admitted for treatment of major depressive disorder in a psychiatry ward of a government hospital...
September 12, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28836144/laying-the-foundations-of-lifelong-health-at-the-beginning-of-life-islamic-perspective
#18
Nasrollah Alimohammadi, Soheila Jafari-Mianaei, Amir-Hossein Bankipoor-Fard, Marzieh Hasanpour
In this systematic literature review, all the Shiite-Islamic documents (Quran and Hadith) without any time limitation were surveyed, analyzed and synthesized for the purpose of determining the foundations of lifelong health. The data were analyzed and combined using inductive qualitative content analysis method. Two main categories were emerged from the analysis: "prevention of health problems" and "health maintenance and promotion." In conclusion based on Islamic perspective, the foundations of comprehensive health of a person, i...
August 23, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733565/customary-marriages-in-rural-pakistan
#19
N Rehan, K Qayyum
BACKGROUND: Although the incidents of customary marriages are frequently reported in Pakistani press, yet no large scale community-based study has ever been conducted to gauge the magnitude of such marriages. The present study is the first-ever community based study on this topic. METHODS: 4,385 ever-married women, aged 18-83 years, from six rural districts, were interviewed to enquire about the types of their marriages. The data was collected through interviews conducted by trained female interviewers and analysed through SPSS-20...
June 2017: Medical Journal of Malaysia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28560489/the-effect-of-holly-quran-voice-with-and-without-translation-on-stress-anxiety-and-depression-during-pregnancy-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#20
Batoul Jabbari, Mojgan Mirghafourvand, Fahimeh Sehhatie, Sakineh Mohammad-Alizadeh-Charandabi
This study aimed to investigate the effect of Holy Quran on stress, anxiety and depression in Iranian pregnant women. A total of 168 participants were allocated randomly into three groups. Group I received broadcast of the Holy Quran with translation, group II received broadcast of the Holy Quran without translation, and group III was the control group. After intervention, scores of perceived stress, state anxiety, trait anxiety and depression in group I and group II were significantly lower compared with the control group...
May 30, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
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