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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315621/scales-for-assessment-of-depression-in-schizophrenia-factor-analysis-of-calgary-depression-rating-scale-and-hamilton-depression-rating-scale
#1
Sandeep Grover, Swapnajeet Sahoo, Devakshi Dua, Subho Chakrabarti, Ajit Avasthi
This study aimed to evaluate the factor structure of Calgary depression rating scale (CDSS) and Hamilton Depression Rating Scale (HDRS) among patients with schizophrenia in acute and remission phase of illness by using exploratory factor analysis. For this, 267 patients with schizophrenia were assessed on CDSS and HDRS. Exploratory factor analysis of CDSS yielded 2 factor models for the whole sample, patients in clinical remission and patients not in clinical remission phase of schizophrenia. Factor analysis of HDRS yielded 3 factor models; however, there was significant difference in the factor structure between those in clinical remission and those not in clinical remission phase of schizophrenia...
March 9, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300965/collective-strategy-for-facing-occupational-risks-of-a-nursing-team
#2
Marli Maria Loro, Regina Célia Gollner Zeitoune
OBJECTIVE: To socialize an educational action through the process of group discussion and reflection, with the aim to increase the care of nursing workers in facing occupational risks. METHOD: A qualitative descriptive study using the Convergent Care Research modality with nursing staff working in an emergency department of a hospital in the northwest region of the state of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. Data collection was carried out through educational workshops and information was processed using content analysis, resulting in two thematic categories: A look at the knowledge and practices about occupational risks in nursing; and adherence to protective measures by the nursing team against occupational risks...
March 9, 2017: Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da U S P
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28281166/surgical-approaches-to-chronic-pancreatitis-indications-and-techniques
#3
REVIEW
Monica M Dua, Brendan C Visser
There are a number of surgical strategies for the treatment of chronic pancreatitis. The optimal intervention should provide effective pain relief, improve/maintain quality of life, preserve exocrine and endocrine function, and manage local complications. Pancreaticoduodenectomy was once the standard operation for patients with chronic pancreatitis; however, other procedures such as the duodenum-preserving pancreatic head resections and its variants have been introduced with good long-term results. Pancreatic duct drainage via a lateral pancreaticojejunostomy continues to be effective in ameliorating symptoms and expediting return to normal lifestyle in many patients...
March 9, 2017: Digestive Diseases and Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28271013/ultrahigh-resolution-oct-imaging-of-the-human-cornea
#4
René M Werkmeister, Sabina Sapeta, Doreen Schmidl, Gerhard Garhöfer, Gerald Schmidinger, Valentin Aranha Dos Santos, Gerold C Aschinger, Isabella Baumgartner, Niklas Pircher, Florian Schwarzhans, Anca Pantalon, Harminder Dua, Leopold Schmetterer
We present imaging of corneal pathologies using optical coherence tomography (OCT) with high resolution. To this end, an ultrahigh-resolution spectral domain OCT (UHR-OCT) system based on a broad bandwidth Ti:sapphire laser is employed. With a central wavelength of 800 nm, the imaging device allows to acquire OCT data at the central, paracentral and peripheral cornea as well as the limbal region with 1.2 µm x 20 µm (axial x lateral) resolution at a rate of 140 000 A-scans/s. Structures of the anterior segment of the eye, not accessible with commercial OCT systems, are visualized...
February 1, 2017: Biomedical Optics Express
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28249245/pharmacological-evaluation-of-aqueous-extract-of-syzigium-cumini-for-its-antihyperglycemic-and-antidyslipidemic-properties-in-diabetic-rats-fed-a-high-cholesterol-diet-role-of-ppar%C3%AE-and-ppar%C3%AE
#5
Sandhya Sharma, Sachchidanand Pathak, Gaurav Gupta, Satish Kumar Sharma, Lalit Singh, Rakesh Kumar Sharma, Anurag Mishra, Kamal Dua
In India syzygium cumini (Myrtaceae) is commonly used traditional medicine to treat diabetes. The present study was undertaken to assess an investigation of antihyperglycemic and antidyslipidemic properties of aqueous extract of Syzigium Cumini (SC) in diabetic rats fed a high cholesterol diet. The aqueous extract of SC was screened for antihyperglycemic and antidyslipidemic activity by streptozotocin induced diabetes in rats. Animals were treated with 100, 200 and 400mg/kg body weight of aqueous extract of SC...
February 26, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28244925/variation-among-pediatric-orthopaedic-surgeons-when-diagnosing-and-treating-pediatric-and-adolescent-distal-radius-fractures
#6
Karan Dua, Matthew K Stein, Nathan N O'Hara, Brian K Brighton, William L Hennrikus, Martin J Herman, J Todd Lawrence, Charles T Mehlman, Norman Y Otsuka, M Wade Shrader, Brian G Smith, Paul D Sponseller, Joshua M Abzug
BACKGROUND: Distal radius fractures are the most common injury in the pediatric population. The purpose of this study was to determine the variation among pediatric orthopaedic surgeons when diagnosing and treating distal radius fractures. METHODS: Nine pediatric orthopaedic surgeons reviewed 100 sets of wrist radiographs and were asked to describe the fracture, prescribe the type of treatment and length of immobilization, and determine the next follow-up visit...
February 27, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28243978/evaluation-of-in-vitro-and-in-vivo-anti-urolithiatic-activity-of-silver-nanoparticles-containing-aqueous-leaf-extract-of-tragia-involucrata
#7
Vinodhini Velu, Moonjit Das, Arunai Nambi Raj N, Kamal Dua, Himaja Malipeddi
The present investigation is focused on exploring the anti-urolithiatic potential of aqueous leaf extract of Tragia involucrata (TIA) and its silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) and to quantify the total phenol, flavonoid, terpenoid and sterol contents present in TIA. Quantification results suggested TIA to be a rich source of phenol, flavonoid and terpenoid and less of sterol content. The AgNPs were synthesized by a simple green method using aqueous extract of T. involucrata. The formation of AgNPs was confirmed through UV spectroscopy, particle size analysis, zeta potential, X-ray diffraction and transmission electron microscopy...
February 27, 2017: Drug Delivery and Translational Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28237647/utilization-of-the-national-inpatient-sample-for-abdominal-aortic-aneurysm-research
#8
Anahita Dua, Fadwa Ali, Elizabeth Traudt, Sapan S Desai
Large administrative databases, including the Medicare database by the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services, the National Surgical Quality Improvement Project database sponsored by the American College of Surgeons, and the National Inpatient Sample, have been used by major public health agencies for years. More recently, medical researchers have turned to database research to power studies on diseases that are noted to be relatively scarce. This study aimed to review and discuss the utilization of the National Inpatient Sample for abdominal aortic aneurysm research, inclusive of its advantages, disadvantages, and best practices...
February 22, 2017: Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225908/intimate-partner-violence-reported-by-female-and-male-users-of-healthcare-units
#9
Claudia Renata Dos Santos Barros, Lilia Blima Schraiber
OBJECTIVE: To analyze nonfatal violence suffered and committed by adult men and women, in an intimate relationship. METHODS: The participants in the research were women aged between 15 and 49 years and men between 18 and 60 years, interviewed by face-to-face questionnaire application. The sample selection was of consecutive type, according to the order of arrival of the users. We conducted temporarily independent investigations and covered different health services to avoid couples and relationships in which the retaliation could be overvalued...
February 16, 2017: Revista de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221218/underactive-bladder-detrusor-underactivity-definition-symptoms-epidemiology-etiopathogenesis-and-risk-factors
#10
Reem Aldamanhori, Christopher R Chapple
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Lower urinary tract symptoms are bothersome and significantly impair patient's quality of life. Incomplete bladder emptying affects both men and women, and has shown to increase in incidence with aging. Incomplete bladder emptying is consequent upon an inability of the detrusor muscle to adequately contract to completely empty the bladder, with or without an increased bladder outlet resistance; this can be defined urodynamically as detrusor underactivity (DUA). The symptom complex consequent upon DUA is referred to as underactive bladder (UAB)...
February 17, 2017: Current Opinion in Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211878/pre-descemets-endothelial-keratoplasty-the-pdek-clamp-for-successful-pdek
#11
H S Dua, D G Said
PurposeTo design and produce a clamp that enables good handling of donor sclera-corneal disks, allows air to be injected in the corneal stroma and consistently provides pre-Descemets endothelial keratoplasty (PDEK) tissue by creation of a type-1 big bubble (BB) avoiding a type-2BB by shutting the fenestrations in the periphery of the pre-Descemets layer and preventing escape of air.Patients and methodsA clamp with spring loaded handles attached to two rings of 9 mm diameter and 1 mm width with a side port for insertion of a needle for air injection was designed and produced...
February 17, 2017: Eye
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198967/fall-and-its-association-with-the-frailty-syndrome-in-the-elderly-systematic-review-with-meta-analysis
#12
Jack Roberto Silva Fhon, Rosalina Aparecida Partezani Rodrigues, Wilmer Fuentes Neira, Violeta Magdalena Rojas Huayta, Maria Lucia do Carmo Cruz Robazzi
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the prevalence of falls and frailty syndrome and the association between these two syndromes in the elderly population. METHOD: Systematic review, without restriction of dates, in English, Portuguese and Spanish languages, in the databases PubMed, CINAHL, LILACS and in the SciElo virtual library. The association between both variables was extracted from the studies (Odds Ratio and 95% Confidence Intervals). RESULTS: The review included 19 studies published between 2001 and 2015...
November 2016: Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da U S P
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198963/validation-of-the-comply-with-post-exposure-management-among-health-care-workers-instrument-for-brazil
#13
Adriane Corrêa Jansen, Maria Helena Palucci Marziale, Cláudia Benedita Dos Santos, Rosana Aparecida Spadotti Dantas, Danielle Maria de Souza Serio Dos Santos
OBJECTIVE: To validate the Comply with post-exposure management among healthcare workersinstrument for Nursing in Brazil. METHOD: A methodological study carried out with 137 nursing professionals exposed to biological material. The existence of floor and ceiling effects was analyzed, evaluating reliability by the internal consistency of the items and test-retest reproducibility. The construct validity was analyzed by the multitrait-multi method analysis. RESULTS: Ceiling effects were found in two subscales...
November 2016: Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da U S P
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198962/myocardial-revascularization-factors-intervening-in-the-reference-and-counter-reference-in-primary-health-care
#14
Kamylla Santos da Cunha, Giovana Dorneles Callegaro Higashi, Alacoque Lorenzini Erdmann, Carolina Kahl, Cintia Koerich, Betina Hörner Schlindwein Meirelles
OBJECTIVE: Understanding the factors that influence the reference and counter-reference process of people indicated/submitted to Myocardial Revascularization surgery in the Primary Health Care scenario. METHOD: A qualitative research anchored in the Grounded Theory, totaling 41 participants subdivided into three groups (patients, health professionals and managers) in the Metropolitan and West Region of Santa Catarina. RESULTS: Two categories elucidate the intervening factors found, contrasting the potentialities and obstacles in (creating) the bond between people affected by cardiovascular diseases and primary health care for the reference process, highlighting weaknesses in the primary health care services provided, with failures in the counter-reference for people submitted to myocardial revascularization surgery...
November 2016: Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da U S P
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198959/intraoperative-body-temperature-control-esophageal-thermometer-versus-infrared-tympanic-thermometer
#15
Vanessa de Brito Poveda, Ariane de Souza Nascimento
OBJECTIVE: To verify the correlation between temperature measurements performed using an infrared tympanic thermometer and an esophageal thermometer during the intraoperative period. METHOD: A longitudinal study of repeated measures was performed including subjects aged 18 years or older undergoing elective oncologic surgery of the digestive system, with anesthesia duration of at least 1 hour. Temperature measurements were performed simultaneously by a calibrated esophageal thermometer and by a calibrated infrared tympanic thermometer, with laboratory reading precision of ±0...
November 2016: Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da U S P
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178622/taraxerol-a-pentacyclic-triterpene-from-abroma-augusta-leaf-attenuates-acute-inflammation-via-inhibition-of-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-signaling
#16
Ritu Khanra, Saikat Dewanjee, Tarun K Dua, Niloy Bhattacharjee
Abroma augusta L. (Malvaceae) leaf is traditionally used to treat inflammatory disorders. In our laboratory, we have scientifically validated the anti-inflammatory effect of A. augusta leaf extract. In this study, it has been aimed to evaluate in vivo anti-inflammatory effect of taraxerol isolated from the methanol extract of A. augusta leaf. It was further intended to find out the probable mechanism of anti-inflammatory effect of taraxerol. The anti-inflammatory effect of taraxerol (5 and 10mg/kg, i.p.) was measured employing carrageenan-induced paw edema model of acute inflammation...
April 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28165583/chlorhexidine-impregnated-transparent-dressings-decrease-catheter-related-infections-in-hemodialysis-patients-a-quality-improvement-project
#17
Ibironke W Apata, John Hanfelt, James L Bailey, Vandana Dua Niyyar
PURPOSE: Central venous catheters (CVC) are associated with increased infection rates, morbidity and mortality compared to other hemodialysis vascular access. Chlorhexidine-impregnated transparent (CHG-transparent) dressings allow for continuous antimicrobial exposure and easy visibility of the CVC insertion site. We conducted a quality improvement project to compare catheter-related infection (CRI) rates in two dressing regimens - CHG-transparent dressings and adhesive dry gauze dressing in hemodialysis patients with tunneled CVCs...
February 4, 2017: Journal of Vascular Access
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28162730/-475-pulsed-radiofrequency-of-brachial-plexus-for-the-treatment-of-refractory-shoulder-pain
#18
A Dua, J Shepherd, S Bahadur, D Martin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2016: Journal of Pain: Official Journal of the American Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28162726/-472-supraorbital-neuralgia-treatment-with-radio-frequency-ablation
#19
A Dua, J Shepherd, S Bahadur, D Martin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2016: Journal of Pain: Official Journal of the American Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28162715/-463-dual-imaging-technique-for-stellate-ganglion-blockade
#20
J Shepherd, A Dua, D Martin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2016: Journal of Pain: Official Journal of the American Pain Society
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