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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076601/retrospective-analysis-of-a-case-series-of-patients-with-traumatic-injuries-to-the-craniocervical-junction
#1
Luiz Adriano Esteves, Andrei Fernandes Joaquim, Helder Tedeschi
Objective: To evaluate the correlation between the treatment, the characteristics of the lesions and the clinical outcome of patients with traumatic injuries to the craniocervical junction. Methods: This was a retrospective study of patients treated conservatively or surgically between 2010 and 2013 with complete data sets. Results: We analyzed 37 patients, 73% were men with mean age of 41.7 years. Of these, 32% were submitted to initial surgical treatment and 68% received conservative treatment...
October 2016: Einstein
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074148/apraxia-of-speech-and-cerebellar-mutism-syndrome-a-case-report
#2
E De Witte, I Wilssens, D De Surgeloose, G Dua, M Moens, J Verhoeven, M Manto, P Mariën
BACKGROUND: Cerebellar mutism syndrome (CMS) or posterior fossa syndrome (PFS) consists of a constellation of neuropsychiatric, neuropsychological and neurogenic speech and language deficits. It is most commonly observed in children after posterior fossa tumor surgery. The most prominent feature of CMS is mutism, which generally starts after a few days after the operation, has a limited duration and is typically followed by motor speech deficits. However, the core speech disorder subserving CMS is still unclear...
2017: Cerebellum & Ataxias
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067194/mapping-actions-to-improve-access-to-medicines-for-mental-disorders-in-low-and-middle-income-countries
#3
C Barbui, T Dua, K Kolappa, B Saraceno, S Saxena
AIMS: In recent years a number of intergovernmental initiatives have been activated in order to enhance the capacity of countries to improve access to essential medicines, particularly for mental disorders. In May 2013 the 66th World Health Assembly adopted the World Health Organization (WHO) Comprehensive Mental Health Action Plan 2013-2020, which builds upon the work of WHO's Mental Health Gap Action Programme. Within this programme, evidence-based guidelines for mental disorders were developed, including recommendations on appropriate use of medicines...
January 9, 2017: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062420/jejunal-perforation-an-unusual-presentation-of-metastatic-cutaneous-squamous-cell-carcinoma-scc-in-an-immunosuppressed-patient
#4
N Hitchen, D Warnapala, R M Fisher, J Dua, P Pratsou, A Freebairn
We report the rare occurrence of a small bowel perforation secondary to a metastatic cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma (cSCC). A 70-year-old woman, who had previously undergone renal transplantation, presented with severe, sudden-onset abdominal pain. She was peritonitic on initial examination, with evidence of free intra-abdominal air on radiographic imaging. During an exploratory laparotomy, she was found to have a perforated jejunum secondary to disseminated metastases seen throughout her peritoneum. Following histopathological analysis, as well as further imaging studies, the primary malignancy was eventually identified as a cSCC on her upper back...
January 6, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042642/the-dysphagia-research-society-accelerating-a-priority-research-agenda
#5
Sudarshan R Jadcherla, Gary H McCullough, Stephanie K Daniels, Douglas J Van Daele, Kulwinder Dua, Cathy Lazarus, Reza Shaker
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2, 2017: Dysphagia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032398/cultivation-and-characterisation-of-the-surface-markers-and-carbohydrate-profile-of-human-corneal-endothelial-cells
#6
Richárd Nagymihály, Zoltán Veréb, Réka Albert, Laura Sidney, Harminder Dua, Andrew Hopkinson, Goran Petrovski
BACKGROUND: To characterise human corneal endothelial cell (HCEnC) cultures generated by the peel-and-digest method based on their surface protein/carbohydrate expression pattern. METHODS: QPCR was used to compare expression of Vimentin, CD90, Cytokeratin-19, ZO-1, Claudin 14 in cultured HCEnC and cell line B4G12 versus stromal cells. Fluorescence-activated cell sorting (FACS) was used to assess surface protein distribution of cultured and uncultured HCEnC. Distribution of surface proteins/ carbohydrates was visualised by immunofluorescent and lectin staining...
December 29, 2016: Clinical & Experimental Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28024458/advanced-chronic-venous-insufficiency
#7
Anahita Dua, Jennifer A Heller
INTRODUCTION: Intervention for advanced chronic venous insufficiency is considered an appropriate standard of care. However, outcomes vary among patients who present in advanced clinical stages of disease. The main objectives of this study were to determine whether racial disparity exists at initial presentation and response to intervention. METHODS: A retrospective database was created to include all radiofrequency ablation procedures performed by a single surgeon from January 14, 2009, through May 25, 2011...
January 1, 2016: Vascular and Endovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27993107/anti-psychotic-activity-of-aqueous-root-extract-of-hemidesmus-indicus-a-time-bound-study-in-rats
#8
Madhu Sudan, Gaurav Gupta, Bharati Arali, Dinesh Kumar Chellappan, Kamal Dua
AIMS AND BACKGROUND: Psychosis is a neurological disorder which is usually defined as "loss of contact with reality." As medicine 'Hemidesmusindicus' hold a reputed place in all systems of medicine in India. It is given in the form of infusion, fine particles, or syrup. It is also a component of several medicinal preparations. The present research work is pertaining to find out an anti-psychotic activity of an aqueous root extract of Hemidesmusindicus- a time bound study in rats. METHODS: In the present study, the dried roots of Hemidesmusindicus were crushed to a coarse powder and extracted with water under reflux for 36 hours to obtain the aqueous extract of roots of Hemidesmusindicus (AERHI)...
December 16, 2016: Recent Patents on Drug Delivery & Formulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27992024/reliability-and-construct-validity-of-the-instrument-to-measure-the-impact-of-valve-heart-disease-on-the-patient-s-daily-life
#9
Daniela Brianne Martins Dos Anjos, Roberta Cunha Matheus Rodrigues, Kátia Melissa Padilha, Rafaela Batista Dos Santos Pedrosa, Maria Cecília Bueno Jayme Gallani
Objective: evaluate the practicality, acceptability and the floor and ceiling effects, estimate the reliability and verify the convergent construct's validity with the instrument called the Heart Valve Disease Impact on daily life (IDCV) of the valve disease in patients with mitral and or aortic heart valve disease. Method: data was obtained from 86 heart valve disease patients through 3 phases: a face to face interview for a socio-demographic and clinic characterization and then other two done through phone calls of the interviewed patients for application of the instrument (test and repeat test)...
December 19, 2016: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27982401/comprehensiveness-and-humanization-of-nursing-care-management-in-the-intensive-care-unit
#10
Adriane Calvetti de Medeiros, Hedi Crecencia Heckler de Siqueira, Claudia Zamberlan, Diana Cecagno, Simone Dos Santos Nunes, Mara Regina Bergmann Thurow
OBJECTIVE: Identifying the elements that promote comprehensiveness and humanization of nursing care management in the Intensive Care Unit, with an ecosystemic approach. METHOD: A documentary qualitative study. The method of documentary analysis was used for data analysis. RESULTS: Four pre-established categories were identified - Technical; Organizational; Technological; and Humanizing Dimensions. Data resulted in forming two sub-categories that integrate the humanizing dimension category, namely 'Comprehensiveness in healthcare actions' and 'Integrating processes and promoters of humanization,' bringing forth implications and challenges in forms of managing health work processes, enabling organizational, structural and managerial changes to the provided healthcare...
September 2016: Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da U S P
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27982394/chronic-and-asymptomatic-diseases-influence-the-control-of-hypertension-treatment-in-primary-care
#11
Angela Maria Geraldo Pierin, Stael Silvana Bagno Eleutério da Silva, Flávia Cortez Colósimo, Gabriela de Andrade Toma, Talita de Souza Serafim, Paolo Meneghin
OBJECTIVE: To identify the association between blood pressure control and the following variables: a) bio-social and lifestyle characteristics of hypertensive patients; and b) factors related to the antihypertensive treatment. METHODS: This is an exploratory study with 290 people with hypertension from primary care. We used a specific instrument, self-administered, with 21 questions on factors that can hinder treatment, divided into four dimensions: medication, socioeconomic, institutional and personal beliefs...
September 2016: Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da U S P
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27982389/effects-of-auriculotherapy-on-labour-pain-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#12
Reginaldo Roque Mafetoni, Antonieta Keiko Kakuda Shimo
OBJECTIVE: Assessing the effects of auriculotherapy in pain control and its outcomes on the duration of labour. METHOD: This is a randomized, controlled, double-blind trial with preliminary data. Thirty pregnant women with gestational age ≥ 37 weeks, cervical dilatation ≥ 4 cm and two or more contractions in 10 minutes were selected and randomly divided into three groups: auriculotherapy, placebo and control. Auriculotherapy was applied using crystal beads on four strategic points...
September 2016: Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da U S P
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27982382/access-to-medicines-for-chronic-diseases-in-brazil-a-multidimensional-approach
#13
Maria Auxiliadora Oliveira, Vera Lucia Luiza, Noemia Urruth Leão Tavares, Sotero Serrate Mengue, Paulo Sergio Dourado Arrais, Mareni Rocha Farias, Tatiane da Silva Dal Pizzol, Luiz Roberto Ramos, Andréa Dâmaso Bertoldi
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the access to medicines to treat non-communicable diseases in Brazil according to socioeconomic, demographic, and health-related factors, from a multidimensional perspective. METHODS: Analysis of data from the National Survey on Access, Use and Promotion of Rational Use of Medicines (PNAUM), household survey, sampling plan by conglomerates with representativeness of the Brazilian population and large areas of the country, according to sex and age domains...
December 2016: Revista de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27982373/prevalence-of-self-medication-in-brazil-and-associated-factors
#14
Paulo Sérgio Dourado Arrais, Maria Eneida Porto Fernandes, Tatiane da Silva Dal Pizzol, Luiz Roberto Ramos, Sotero Serrate Mengue, Vera Lucia Luiza, Noemia Urruth Leão Tavares, Mareni Rocha Farias, Maria Auxiliadora Oliveira, Andréa Dâmaso Bertoldi
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the prevalence and associated factors regarding the use of medicines by self-medication in Brazil. METHODS: This cross-sectional population-based study was conducted using data from the PNAUM (National Survey on Access, Use and Promotion of Rational Use of Medicines), collected between September 2013 and February 2014 by interviews at the homes of the respondents. All people who reported using any medicines not prescribed by a doctor or dentist were classified as self-medication practitioners...
December 2016: Revista de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27982334/modified-technique-for-preparation-of-venous-circulation-resin-casts-in-the-cirrhotic-liver
#15
José Olímpio Maia DE Vasconcelos, Laécio Leitão Batista, Guilherme Benjamin Brandão Pitta, Cláudio Moura Lacerda
This study describes two major adaptations for the preparation of resin casts in human cirrhotic liver, harvested at the time of transplantation. The first is the way of fixing the catheter in the ostia of the hepatic and portal veins through a cerclage, so as to prevent displacement of the catheter and / or leakage of the resin during its injection. The second is the extension of corrosion time in the NaOH solution, averaging 6.8 days, with daily replacement the solution until complete removal of parenchymal tissue...
September 2016: Revista do Colégio Brasileiro de Cirurgiões
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27982328/kidney-ischemia-and-reperfunsion-syndrome-effect-of-lidocaine-and-local-postconditioning
#16
Igor Nagai Yamaki, Ruy Victor Simões Pontes, Felipe Lobato DA Silva Costa, Vitor Nagai Yamaki, Renan Kleber Costa Teixeira, Edson Yuzur Yasojima, Marcus Vinicius Henriques Brito
Objective: to evaluate the effects of blocking the regulation of vascular tone on the ischemia and reperfusion syndrome in rats through the use of lidocaine in the postconditioning technique. Methods: we randomized 35 rats into seven groups of five animals: Group 1- Control; Group 2- Ischemia and Reperfusion; Group 3- Ischemia, Reperfusion and Saline; Group 4- Ischemic Postconditioning; Group 5- Ischemic Postconditioning and Saline; Group 6- Lidocaine; Group 7- Ischemic Postconditioning and Lidocaine...
September 2016: Revista do Colégio Brasileiro de Cirurgiões
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27982309/experiences-and-coping-with-the-altered-body-image-in-digestive-stoma-patients
#17
César Hueso-Montoro, Candela Bonill-de-Las-Nieves, Miriam Celdrán-Mañas, Sandra Milena Hernández-Zambrano, Manuel Amezcua-Martínez, José Miguel Morales-Asencio
Objective: to describe the coping of stoma patients with the news about the ostomy, as well as to analyze the meaning and the experience of their new bodily reality. Method: qualitative phenomenological study undertaken through semistructured interviews with 21 stoma patients. The analysis was based on the constant comparison of the data, the progressive incorporation of subjects and triangulation among researchers and stomal therapy nurses. The software Atlas.ti was used...
December 8, 2016: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924468/whether-a-novel-drug-delivery-system-can-overcome-the-problem-of-biofilms-in-respiratory-diseases
#18
REVIEW
Kamal Dua, Shakti D Shukla, Rakesh K Tekade, Philip M Hansbro
Biofilm comprises a community of microorganisms which form on medical devices and can lead to various threatening infections. It is a major concern in various respiratory diseases like cystic fibrosis, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, etc. The treatment strategies for such infections are difficult due to the resistance of the microflora existing in the biofilms against various antimicrobial agents, thus posing threats to the patient population. The present era witnesses the beginning of research to understand the biofilm physiology and the associated microfloral diversity by applying -omics approaches...
December 6, 2016: Drug Delivery and Translational Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919214/hydrogel-based-drug-delivery-systems-a-review-with-special-emphasis-on-challenges-associated-with-decontamination-of-hydrogels-and-biomaterials
#19
Irene Satiko Kikuchi, Raquel Sofia Cardoso Galante, Kamal Dua, Venkata Ramana Malipeddi, Rajendra Awasthi, Daniela Dal Molim Ghisleni, Terezinha de Jesus Andreoli Pinto
Many researches involving the development of new techniques and biomaterials to formulate a suitable drug delivery systems and tissue engineering have been conducted. The majority of published literature from these researches emphasizes the production and materials characterization. However there is very limited information regarding their sterilization methods. The present review article has summarized various different literatures that encompasses the difficulties encountered with sterilization methods in the preparations of hydrogels for biological applications...
5, 2016: Current Drug Delivery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909982/erratum-to-genetic-approach-to-diagnosis-of-intellectual-disability
#20
Ratna Dua Puri, Moni Tuteja, I C Verma
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 1, 2016: Indian Journal of Pediatrics
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