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Geetika Dua, Ravibabu Mulaveesala
Active infrared thermography is a fast, painless, noncontact, and noninvasive imaging method, complementary to mammography, ultrasound, and magnetic resonance imaging methods for early diagnosis of breast cancer. This technique plays an important role in early detection of breast cancer to women of all ages, including pregnant or nursing women, with different sizes of breast, irrespective of either fatty or dense breast. This proposed complementary technique makes use of infrared emission emanating from the breast...
March 2018: Journal of Biomedical Optics
Maha S Al-Keilani, Dua H Alsmadi, Ruba S Darweesh, Karem H Alzoubi
Background: Approximately 90% of patients with metastatic colorectal cancer fail therapy mainly due to resistance. Taking advantage of currently approved agents for treatment of disease conditions other than cancer for the identification of new adjuvant anticancer therapies is highly encouraged. Pramlintide is a parenteral antidiabetic agent that is currently approved for treatment of types 1 and 2 diabetes mellitus. Objectives: To address the antineoplastic potential of pramlintide in colorectal cancer and to evaluate the ability of pramlintide to enhance the cytotoxicity of 5-fluorouracil, oxaliplatin, and irinotecan against colorectal cancer cell lines expressing wild-type and mutant p53...
2018: Clinical Pharmacology: Advances and Applications
Marco Messina, Harminder S Dua
PURPOSE: To evaluate the effect of once daily administration of chitosan-N-acetylcysteine (Lacrimera® ) in the management of dry eye disease (DED). METHODS: Eighteen patients (3 male, 15 female) aged 25-86 years (mean 61.1) and suffering from moderate to severe DED with superficial punctate keratitis (SPK) were retrospectively evaluated after a trial of Lacrimera® drops (1 drop in the morning for 5 days only). All the patients were using other artificial tears before the treatment...
March 16, 2018: International Ophthalmology
Yuk-Fai Lau, Wee-Hong Victor Koh, Clement Kan, Poh-Choo Alethea Dua, Ai-Sim Elizabeth Lim, Chin-Wen Jasper Liaw, Qiu-Han Gao, Jeremiah Chng, Vernon J Lee, Boon-Huan Tan, Jin-Phang Loh
BACKGROUND: Respiratory illnesses have been identified as a significant factor leading to lost training time and morbidity among Singapore military recruits. A surveillance programme has been put in place to determine etiological agents responsible for febrile, as well as afebrile respiratory illnesses in a military camp. The goal of the study is to better understand the epidemiology of these diseases and identify potential countermeasures to protect military recruits against them. METHODS: From Jan 2016 - Jan 2017, a total of 2647 respiratory cases were enrolled into the surveillance programme...
March 12, 2018: BMC Infectious Diseases
Ratna Dua Puri, Seema Kapoor, Priya S Kishnani, Ashwin Dalal, Neerja Gupta, Mamta Muranjan, Shubha R Phadke, Anupam Sachdeva, Ishwar C Verma, Pramod K Mistry
JUSTIFICATION: Gaucher disease (GD) is amongst the most frequently occurring lysosomal storage disorder in all ethnicities. The clinical manifestations and natural history of GD is highly heterogeneous with extreme geographic and ethnic variations. The literature on GD has paucity of information and optimal management guidelines for Indian patients. PROCESS: Gaucher Disease Task Force was formed under the auspices of the Society for Indian Academy of Medical Genetics...
February 15, 2018: Indian Pediatrics
Shelley Dua, James Dowey, Loraine Foley, Sabita Islam, Yvonne King, Pamela Ewan, Andrew T Clark
BACKGROUND: Serum tryptase is useful in diagnosing drug and venom anaphylaxis. Its utility in food anaphylaxis is unknown. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to determine whether tryptase rises in food allergic reactions, optimal sampling time points, and a diagnostic cutoff for confirming a clinical reaction. METHODS: Characterized peanut allergic patients were recruited and underwent up to 4 peanut challenges and 1 placebo challenge each...
February 27, 2018: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology in Practice
Adriana Bugno, Deborah Pita Sanches Saes, Adriana Aparecida Buzzo Almodovar, Kamal Dua, Rajendra Awasthi, Daniela Dal Molim Ghisleni, Marici Tiomi Hirota, Wesley Anderson de Oliveira, Terezinha de Jesus Andreoli Pinto
The sterility test described in pharmacopoeial compendia requires a 14-day incubation period to obtain a valid analytical result. Therefore, the use of alternative methods to evaluate the sterility of pharmaceuticals, such as the BacT/Alert® 3D system, is particularly interesting, because it allows a reduced incubation period and lower associated costs. Considering that the BacT/Alert® 3D system offers several culture media formulations developed for this microbial detection system, the present study was aimed to evaluate and compare the performance of BacT/Alert® 3D with the pharmacopoeial sterility test...
2018: Journal of Pharmaceutical Innovation
Sandeep Grover, Pooja Sikka, Shiv Sajan Saini, Neeru Sahni, Subho Chakrabarti, Devakshi Dua, Anisha Aggarwal, Anita Thakur, Shallu Dhiman, Amal Jolly, Swapnajeet Sahoo, Aseem Mehra, Aditya Somani
There is limited literature on the use of electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) during pregnancy. ECT is considered as a treatment of last resort during pregnancy. In this case series, we present the data of five patients who were administered ECT during pregnancy. The use of ECT required multidisciplinary approach involving psychiatrist, gynecologist, anesthetist and neonatologist. Two patients received ECT during the second trimester and three patients received ECT during the third trimester. In all the patients, ECT was administered by placing the patients in the left lateral position, glycopyrrolate was used for premedication, thiopentone was used for induction, and succinylcholine was used for muscle relaxation...
October 2017: Indian Journal of Psychiatry
Kamal Dua, Rajendra Awasthi, Jyotsana R Madan, Dinesh K Chellappan, Buchi N Nalluri, Gaurav Gupta, Mary Bebawy, Philip M Hansbro
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 26, 2018: Panminerva Medica
Vandana Dua Niyyar, W Charles O'Neill
Sonography is increasingly being performed by clinicians and has applications throughout the spectrum of nephrology, including acute and chronic renal failure, urinary obstruction, cystic disease, pain, hematuria, transplantation, kidney biopsy, temporary and permanent vascular access, and assessment of fluid status. The skill is relatively easily acquired, expedites patient care, and enhances the practice of nephrology. However, the lack of exposure in most training programs remains a major obstacle.
February 22, 2018: Kidney International
Prachi Dua, Roman Shinder, Derek B Laskar, Douglas R Lazzaro, Allison E Rizzuti
Purpose: To report a case of hypertrophic herpes simplex virus (HSV) of the eyelid and cornea masquerading as IgG4-related disease. Observations: A 37-year old African American female with a past medical history of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) on highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) and a recent history of treated genital herpes, presented with an ulcerative lesion of the left upper and lower eyelids, and severe ocular inflammation with symblepharon...
March 2018: American Journal of Ophthalmology Case Reports
Michael Marks, Oriol Mitjà, Christian Bottomley, Cynthia Kwakye, Wendy Houinei, Mathias Bauri, Paul Adwere, Abdul A Abdulai, Fredrick Dua, Laud Boateng, James Wangi, Sally-Ann Ohene, Regina Wangnapi, Shirley V Simpson, Helen Miag, Kennedy K Addo, Laud A Basing, Damien Danavall, Kai H Chi, Allan Pillay, Ronald Ballard, Anthony W Solomon, Cheng Y Chen, Sibauk V Bieb, Yaw Adu-Sarkodie, David C W Mabey, Kingsley Asiedu
BACKGROUND: A dose of 30 mg/kg of azithromycin is recommended for treatment of yaws, a disease targeted for global eradication. Treatment with 20 mg/kg of azithromycin is recommended for the elimination of trachoma as a public health problem. In some settings, these diseases are co-endemic. We aimed to determine the efficacy of 20 mg/kg of azithromycin compared with 30 mg/kg azithromycin for the treatment of active and latent yaws. METHODS: We did a non-inferiority, open-label, randomised controlled trial in children aged 6-15 years who were recruited from schools in Ghana and schools and the community in Papua New Guinea...
February 15, 2018: Lancet Global Health
Firas Al-Kawas, Harry Aslanian, John Baillie, Filip Banovac, Jonathan M Buscaglia, James Buxbaum, Amitabh Chak, Bradford Chong, Gregory A Coté, Peter V Draganov, Kulwinder Dua, Valerie Durkalski, B Joseph Elmunzer, Lydia D Foster, Timothy B Gardner, Brian S Geller, Priya Jamidar, Laith H Jamil, Rajesh N Keswani, Mouen A Khashab, Gabriel D Lang, Ryan Law, David Lichtenstein, Simon K Lo, Sean McCarthy, Silvio Melo, Daniel Mullady, Jose Nieto, J Bayne Selby, Vikesh K Singh, Rebecca L Spitzer, Brian Strife, Paul Tarnaksy, Jason R Taylor, Jeffrey Tokar, Andrew Y Wang, April Williams, Field Willingham, Patrick Yachimski
BACKGROUND: The optimal approach to the drainage of malignant obstruction at the liver hilum remains uncertain. We aim to compare percutaneous transhepatic biliary drainage (PTBD) to endoscopic retrograde cholangiography (ERC) as the first intervention in patients with cholestasis due to suspected malignant hilar obstruction (MHO). METHODS: The INTERCPT trial is a multi-center, comparative effectiveness, randomized, superiority trial of PTBD vs. ERC for decompression of suspected MHO...
February 14, 2018: Trials
T Huang, L Jiang, J Zhan, C Ouyang
Objective: To investigate the clinical outcomes of Pre-descement membrane endothelial keratoplasty (PDEK) for treatment of patients with corneal endothelial decompensation. Methods: Retrospective study of case series. The cases of 20 patients (20 eyes) who were diagnosed with corneal endothelial decompensation induced by various original diseases and received PDEK during July 2016 and December 2016 at Zhongshan Ophthalmic Center have been analyzed. The participants included 8 males and 12 females with an average age of (59...
February 11, 2018: [Zhonghua Yan Ke za Zhi] Chinese Journal of Ophthalmology
Karen Adams-Leask, Lisa Varona, Charu Dua, Michael Baldock, Adam Gerace, Eimear Muir-Cochrane
OBJECTIVES: This paper reports a pilot study exploring the benefits of offering sensory modulation within a mental health emergency setting for consumers experiencing distress during a psychiatric presentation. METHODS: Seventy-four consumers with a mental health presentation reported on their sensory modulation use experiences during their stay in a South Australian tertiary teaching hospital emergency department. An evaluation form was used to document use of items, self-reported distress pre and post sensory modulation use, and other consumer experiences...
February 1, 2018: Australasian Psychiatry: Bulletin of Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists
Kamal Dua, Dyandevi Mathure, Jyotsana R Madan, Kishore N Gujar, Ashok Tupsamundre, Hemant A Ranpise
Considering various merits associated with the nasal mucosa such large surface area, porous endothelial membrane, high blood flow, avoidance of first-pass metabolism, and ready accessibility leads to faster and higher drug absorption. Keeping these facts in mind, the objective of the present study was to develop Buspirone hydrochloride loaded niosomal in-situ nasal gel. Buspirone hydrochloride niosomal in-situ nasal gel was formulated, optimized and evaluated with the aim to deliver drug to the brain via intranasal route...
January 29, 2018: Pharmaceutical Nanotechnology
Reem Aldamanhori, Nadir I Osman, Christopher R Chapple
Underactive bladder (UAB) is a voiding disorder which generates disabling lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) due to the inability to produce an effective voiding contraction sufficient to empty the bladder. The underlying abnormality, that is usually appreciated when performing urodynamic studies, has been defined by the International Continence Society (ICS) as detrusor underactivity (DUA). DUA is a common yet under-researched bladder dysfunction. The prevalence of DUA in different patient groups suggests that multiple aetiologies are implicated...
January 2018: Asian Journal of Urology
Ashwani Kumar Dhingra, Bhawna Chopra, Jagdeep Singh Dua, Deo N Parsad
The search of novel anti-inflammatory agent is not considered as an ending process, since most of the clinically used anti-inflammatory drugs such as NSAIDs, Coxibs and GCs are allied with considerable toxicity. However, numerous approaches were used to overcome the toxicity level such as co-administration with suitable agent/substance which provides protection against toxicity as well to synthesise new potent and safe anti-inflammatory drug. Although the drug treatment has been improved steadily but yet, it is still a challenge for the medicinal chemists to identify more potent therapeutic agents to treat or reduce the symptoms of inflammatory diseases...
January 26, 2018: Anti-inflammatory & Anti-allergy Agents in Medicinal Chemistry
Kamal Dua, Terezinha de Jesus Andreoli Pinto, Dinesh K Chellappan, Gaurav Gupta, Mary Bebawy, Philip M Hansbro
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 25, 2018: Panminerva Medica
Bala Devi, Yogesh Kumar, Birendra Shrivastav, Ganesh N Sharma, Gaurav Gupta, Kamal Dua
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 25, 2018: Panminerva Medica
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