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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133660/predescemetocele-a-distinct-clinical-entity
#1
Priya Narang, Amar Agarwal, Dhivya Ashok Kumar
The case report incorporates a Fourier-domain optical coherence tomography (OCT) examination for demonstration of the existence of pre-Descemet's layer (PDL; Dua's layer) overlying a descemetocele and demonstrates predescemetocele as a separate clinical entity. The prospective analysis was done in two cases that had descemetocele, and OCT demonstrated the presence of PDL over an unruptured descemetocele that offers resilience and can be treated with an elective deep anterior lamellar keratoplasty or a penetrating keratoplasty...
November 2017: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130298/role-of-micrornas-mirnas-in-pathophysiology-of-diabetes-mellitus
#2
Juhi Tiwari, Gaurav Gupta, Terezinha de Jesus Andreoli Pinto, Rahul Sharma, Kavita Pabreja, Yogesh Matta, Neha Arora, Anurag Mishra, Rakesh Sharma, Kamal Dua
Diabetes Mellitus is becoming the critical problem among the entire world and it is difficult to understand the molecular mechanism representing the concept of diabetic pathology. Recently the knowledge of the involvement of genetics in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) susceptibility has sketched a great concentration towards the transcriptional activity of ß cells within the pancreas. This disease becomes the leading cause of death so it is necessary to study the molecular pathogenesis, phenotypes, and characteristics to design the therapeutic parameters...
November 10, 2017: Panminerva Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129525/multicenter-evaluation-of-the-clinical-utility-of-laparoscopy-assisted-ercp-in-patients-with-roux-en-y-gastric-bypass
#3
Ali M Abbas, Andrew T Strong, David L Diehl, Brian C Brauer, Iris H Lee, Rebecca Burbridge, Jaroslav Zivny, Jennifer T Higa, Marcelo Falcão, Ihab I El Hajj, Paul Tarnasky, Brintha K Enestvedt, Alexander R Ende, Adarsh M Thaker, Rishi Pawa, Priya Jamidar, Kartik Sampath, Eduardo Guimarães Hourneaux de Moura, Richard S Kwon, Alejandro L Suarez, Murad Aburajab, Andrew Y Wang, Mohammad H Shakhatreh, Vivek Kaul, Lorna Kang, Thomas E Kowalski, Rahul Pannala, Jeffrey Tokar, A Aziz Aadam, Demetrios Tzimas, Mihir S Wagh, Peter V Draganov, M D The LA-Ercp Research Group Jeffrey Ponsky, Bruce D Greenwald, Lance T Uradomo, Alyson A McGhan, Shahrad Hakimian, Andrew Ross, Stuart Sherman, Benjamin L Bick, Christopher E Forsmark, Dennis Yang, Anand Gupte, Shailendra Chauhan, Steven J Hughes, Karen Saks, Gennadiy Bakis, Adam W Templeton, Michael Saunders, Alireza Sedarat, John A Evans, Thiruvengadam Muniraj, Timothy B Gardner, Almino C Ramos, Marco Aurelio Santo, Andrew Nett, Gregory A Coté, B Joseph Elmunzer, Kulwinder S Dua, Michael J Nosler, Daniel S Strand, Paul Yeaton, Shivangi Kothari, Asad Ullah, Pushpak Taunk, Patrick Brady, Haim Pinkas, Ashley L Faulx, Haroon Shahid, Jordan Holmes, Davinderbir Pannu, Srinadh Komanduri, Juan Carlos Bucobo, Harry Dhaliwal, Alaa Rostom, Brent W Acker
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The obesity epidemic has led to increased use of Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB). These patients have an increased incidence of pancreaticobiliary diseases yet standard ERCP is not possible due to surgically altered gastroduodenal anatomy. Laparoscopic-ERCP (LA-ERCP) has been proposed as an option but supporting data are derived from single center small case-series. Therefore, we conducted a large multicenter study to evaluate the feasibility, safety, and outcomes of LA-ERCP...
November 9, 2017: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121949/quantifying-engineered-nanomaterial-toxicity-comparison-of-common-cytotoxicity-and-gene-expression-measurements
#4
Donald H Atha, Amber Nagy, Andrea Steinbrück, Allison M Dennis, Jennifer A Hollingsworth, Varsha Dua, Rashi Iyer, Bryant C Nelson
BACKGROUND: When evaluating the toxicity of engineered nanomaterials (ENMS) it is important to use multiple bioassays based on different mechanisms of action. In this regard we evaluated the use of gene expression and common cytotoxicity measurements using as test materials, two selected nanoparticles with known differences in toxicity, 5 nm mercaptoundecanoic acid (MUA)-capped InP and CdSe quantum dots (QDs). We tested the effects of these QDs at concentrations ranging from 0.5 to 160 µg/mL on cultured normal human bronchial epithelial (NHBE) cells using four common cytotoxicity assays: the dichlorofluorescein assay for reactive oxygen species (ROS), the lactate dehydrogenase assay for membrane viability (LDH), the mitochondrial dehydrogenase assay for mitochondrial function, and the Comet assay for DNA strand breaks...
November 9, 2017: Journal of Nanobiotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108803/factor-analysis-of-symptom-dimensions-psychotic-affective-and-obsessive-compulsive-symptoms-in-schizophrenia
#5
Sandeep Grover, Devakshi Dua, Subho Chakrabarti, Ajit Avasthi
AIM: To carryout factor analysis of symptom profile of patients with schizophrenia assessed by using positive and negative syndrome scale (PANSS), Calgary depression rating scale (CDSS), Young mania rating scale (YMRS) and YBOCS checklist. METHODOLOGY: 181 patients of schizophrenia were assessed on PANSS, CDSS, YMRS and YBOCS checklist. RESULTS: Factor analysis of PANSS yielded 3 factor structure (positive, negative, anxiety). When the items of CDSS were added to the PANSS items, total number of factors increased to 4 with depression emerging as a separate factor...
October 23, 2017: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29101607/development-of-a-high-risk-pancreatic-screening-clinic-using-3-0%C3%A2-t-mri
#6
Chad A Barnes, Elizabeth Krzywda, Shannon Lahiff, Dena McDowell, Kathleen K Christians, Paul Knechtges, Parag Tolat, Mark Hohenwalter, Kulwinder Dua, Abdul H Khan, Douglas B Evans, Jennifer Geurts, Susan Tsai
Selective screening for pancreatic cancer (PC) has been proposed. We describe the establishment of a comprehensive multidisciplinary screening program using 3.0 T MRI. Criteria for screening included the presence of PC in: ≥ 2 first degree relatives (FDR), 1 FDR and 1 s degree relative (SDR), ≥ 3 any degree relatives (ADR), or any known hereditary cancer syndrome with increased PC risk. Imaging with 3.0 T MRI was performed routinely and endoscopic ultrasound was used selectively. Screening was completed in 75 patients (pts)...
November 3, 2017: Familial Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29078869/transgastric-pancreatic-necrosectomy-expedited-return-to-prepancreatitis-health
#7
Monica M Dua, David J Worhunsky, Lavina Malhotra, Walter G Park, George A Poultsides, Jeffrey A Norton, Brendan C Visser
BACKGROUND: The best operative strategy for necrotizing pancreatitis remains controversial. Traditional surgical necrosectomy is associated with significant morbidity; endoscopic and percutaneous strategies require repeated interventions with prolonged hospitalizations. We have developed a transgastric approach to pancreatic necrosectomy to overcome the shortcomings of the other techniques described. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients with necrotizing pancreatitis treated from 2009 to 2016 at an academic center were retrospectively reviewed...
November 2017: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29075013/fibrin-glue-as-agent-for-sealing-corneal-and-conjunctival-wound-leaks
#8
C Scalcione, D Ortiz-Vaquerizas, D G Said, H S Dua
PurposeTo describe a novel use of fibrin glue in managing leaking blebs and leaking wounds following trauma or surgery.MethodsInterventional case series.ResultsWe report eight patients, including three where intra-operative or immediate post-penetrating keratoplasty recalcitrant leaks from the graft-host junction and/or openings created by the needle pass, were noted. All three had thin recipient beds in the sector of leak. This was managed by intra-cameral injection of fibrin glue in the affected quadrant...
October 27, 2017: Eye
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29057175/knowledge-attitude-and-practices-regarding-benign-testicular-disorders-in-the-educated-young-men-of-pakistan
#9
Dua Saleem, Samra Muneer, Rajaa Fatima Younus Khan, Rohan Kumar Ochani, Syed Saadan Ahmed, Maha Begg, Tariq J Siddiqi, Syed Raza Abbas, Muhammad W Naseeb, Muhammad Osama Farooqui, Fahad H Shaikh, Ramiz Kirmani, Hurmat Ullah, Kaneez Fatima
Background It has been seen that despite the increasing incidence of benign testicular disorders (BTDs), little work has been done towards its awareness among the male populace. Also, the trend of not seeking help in this regard is concerning. In this study, we aim to better perceive the level of understanding and common practices regarding BTDs among educated young men. Methods A cross-sectional study was carried out among two groups of ages 14-20 and 21-28 years. The inclusion criterion was that of educated males in an urban setting...
August 13, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051515/antioxidant-enzymes-in-chickpea-colonized-by-piriformospora-indica-participate-in-defense-against-the-pathogen-botrytis-cinerea
#10
Om Prakash Narayan, Nidhi Verma, Alok Kumar Singh, Ralf Oelmüller, Manoj Kumar, Durga Prasad, Rupam Kapoor, Meenakshi Dua, Atul Kumar Johri
Piriformospora indica, a root endophytic fungus, promotes growth of the economically important chickpea plant (Cicer arietinum Linn.) and protects it against the pathogenic fungus Botrytis cinerea. Biomass and root development were found to be significantly improved in chickpea plants colonized with P. indica as compared to the plants grown without P. indica as well as from the plants infected with the B. cinerea. Our PCR analyses showed that gradual increase in the colonization of P. indica in the plants result in the inhibition of the colonization of B...
October 19, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049267/variation-among-pediatric-orthopaedic-surgeons-when-treating-medial-epicondyle-fractures
#11
Meghan Hughes, Karan Dua, Nathan N O'Hara, Brian K Brighton, Theodore J Ganley, William L Hennrikus, Martin J Herman, Joshua E Hyman, J Todd Lawrence, Charles T Mehlman, Kenneth J Noonan, Norman Y Otsuka, Richard M Schwend, M Wade Shrader, Brian G Smith, Paul D Sponseller, Joshua M Abzug
BACKGROUND: Medial epicondyle fractures are a common pediatric and adolescent injury accounting for 11% to 20% of elbow fractures in this population. This purpose of this study was to determine the variability among pediatric orthopaedic surgeons when treating pediatric medial epicondyle fractures. METHODS: A discrete choice experiment was conducted to determine which patient and injury attributes influence the management of medial epicondyle fractures by pediatric orthopaedic surgeons...
October 18, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042722/salutogenesis-a-new-approach-toward-oral-health-promotion
#12
Manpreet Kaur, Ritu Jindal, Rohini Dua, Aanchal Gautam, Ramandeep Kaur
INTRODUCTION: Sense of coherence (SOC) is hypothesized to be an important psychological factor that enables people to cope with stressors and successfully maintain and improve health. Very few publications report on the relationship between "salutogenesis," as measured by the concept of SOC and oral health status. However, little is known about the relationship between the mother's SOC and dental caries of their children. AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: The aim of the present study was to explore the impact of mother's SOC level on dental caries status of their children...
July 2017: Contemporary Clinical Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29041327/tunable-optical-switching-in-the-near-infrared-spectral-regime-by-employing-plasmonic-nanoantennas-containing-phase-change-materials
#13
Priten B Savaliya, Arun Thomas, Rishi Dua, Anuj Dhawan
We propose the design of switchable plasmonic nanoantennas (SPNs) that can be employed for optical switching in the near-infrared regime. The proposed SPNs consist of nanoantenna structures made up of a plasmonic metal (gold) such that these nanoantennas are filled with a switchable material (vanadium dioxide). We compare the results of these SPNs with inverted SPN structures that consist of gold nanoantenna structures surrounded by a layer of vanadium dioxide (VO2) on their outer surface. These nanoantennas demonstrate switching of electric-field intensity enhancement (EFIE) between two states (On and Off states), which can be induced thermally, optically or electrically...
October 2, 2017: Optics Express
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028588/formation-of-struvite-urinary-stones-and-approaches-towards-the-inhibition-a-review
#14
REVIEW
Poppy Das, Gaurav Gupta, Vinodhini Velu, Rajendra Awasthi, Kamal Dua, Himaja Malipeddi
BACKGROUND: Struvite is one of the most common urinary/kidney stones, composed of magnesium ammonium phosphate (MgNHPO4·H2O). They are also termed as infection stones as these are associated with urinary tract infections. Numerous studies have been carried out to examine the growth and inhibition of struvite stones. OBJECTIVE: This review summarizes various reports on the factors responsible for inducing struvite stones in the kidney and gives a detailed account of studies on inhibition of growth of struvite crystals...
October 10, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28979033/childhood-sarcoidosis-an-atypical-case-report
#15
Ankita Sangwan, Sarabjit Kaur, Kamal Aggarwal, Ishita Dua
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Indian Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28977236/university-management-contributions-for-nurses-who-are-faculty-members-and-managers
#16
Kamylla Santos da Cunha, Carolina Kahl, Cintia Koerich, José Luís Guedes Dos Santos, Gabriela Marcellino de Melo Lanzoni, Alacoque Lorenzini Erdmann
Objective: To comprehend how university management contributes on the performance of nurses who are professors and managers in a public university. Method: Qualitative research anchored on the Grounded Theory. The setting to collect the data was a public university in south Brazil and it happened between May and September of 2016. A total of 19 nurses took part in the study, all of them also faculty members and managers that were divided in two sample groups. Results: Two subcategories were created: the comprehension that university management improves the faculty performance; obtaining a wider view of the university...
September 2017: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28977228/cross-cultural-adaptation-and-validation-of-the-moral-distress-scale-revised-for-nurses
#17
Aline Marcelino Ramos, Edison Luiz Devos Barlem, Jamila Geri Tomaschewski Barlem, Laurelize Pereira Rocha, Graziele de Lima Dalmolin, Aline Belletti Figueira
Objective: Cross-culturally adapt and validate the Moral Distress Scale-Revised for nurses. Method: Quantitative, analytical cross-sectional study conducted with 157 nurses of two hospital institutions of Southern Brazil, one public and one philanthropic. Procedures conducted: cultural adaptation of the instrument according to international recommendations; validation for the Brazilian context. Results: Face and content validation was considered satisfactory as assessed by a specialist committee and a pretest...
September 2017: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28977216/experiences-in-the-family-health-strategy-demands-and-vulnerabilities-in-the-territory
#18
Antonio Germane Alves Pinto, Maria Salete Bessa Jorge, Mirna Neyara Alexandre de Sá Barreto Marinho, Emery Ciana Figueirêdo Vidal, Priscila de Souza Aquino, Eglídia Carla Figueirêdo Vidal
Objective: To understand the daily demands of Family Health Strategy in clinical practice of the team and social vulnerabilities of community territory. Method: Research with qualitative approach, in a critical-reflexive perspective, held with two teams of the Family Health Strategy, in the city of Fortaleza, State of Ceará, Brazil. The participants were 22 users and 19 health professionals from the basic health network. Data from the interviews and observation were analyzed under the assumptions of critical hermeneutics...
September 2017: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28956549/learning-points-from-a-case-of-severe-amoebic-colitis
#19
Christina Petridou, Adnan Al-Badri, Anjana Dua, Matthew Dryden, Kordo Saeed
A case of amoebic colitis and liver abscess is described in a previously fit 59-year old man who had been given the incorrect diagnosis of ulcerative colitis. His symptoms were so severe that a colectomy was being considered. The patient had a significant travel history including trips to Morocco, the Gambia and Cape Verde, putting him at risk of acquiring amoebic disease. However, this history was not ascertained until much later on in the disease process. The case highlighted crucial learning points including the importance of taking a lifelong travel history, the difficulties in telling ulcerative colitis and amoebic colitis apart both clinically and histopathologically, and the importance of sending multiple stool samples for parasitological microscopy analysis in patients being investigated for inflammatory bowel disease...
September 1, 2017: Le Infezioni in Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28949555/kumar-adhikari-and-dua-reply
#20
Ashutosh Kumar, R Adhikari, Arti Dua
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 1, 2017: Physical Review Letters
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