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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046710/pediatric-falls-from-windows-and-balconies-incidents-and-risk-factors-as-reported-by-newspapers-in-the-united-arab-emirates
#1
Michal Grivna, Hanan M Al-Marzouqi, Maryam R Al-Ali, Nada N Al-Saadi, Fikri M Abu-Zidan
BACKGROUND: Falls of children from heights (balconies and windows) usually result in severe injuries and death. Details on child falls from heights in the United Arab Emirates (UAE) are not easily accessible. Our aim was to assess the incidents, personal, and environmental risk factors for pediatric falls from windows/balconies using newspaper clippings. METHODS: We used a retrospective study design to electronically assess all major UAE national Arabic and English newspapers for reports of unintentional child falls from windows and balconies during 2005-2016...
2017: World Journal of Emergency Surgery: WJES
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045460/conjugated-nanoliposome-with-the-her2-neu-derived-peptide-gp2-as-an-effective-vaccine-against-breast-cancer-in-mice-xenograft-model
#2
Atefeh Razazan, Javad Behravan, Atefeh Arab, Nastaran Barati, Leila Arabi, Zahra Gholizadeh, Mahdi Hatamipour, Amin Reza Nikpoor, Amir Abbas Momtazi-Borojeni, Fatemeh Mosaffa, Mohamad Hosein Ghahremani, Mahmoud Reza Jaafari
One of the challenging issues in vaccine development is peptide and adjuvant delivery into target cells. In this study, we developed a vaccine and therapeutic delivery system to increase cytotoxic T lymphocyte (CTL) response against a breast cancer model overexpressing HER2/neu. Gp2, a HER2/neu-derived peptide, was conjugated to Maleimide-mPEG2000-DSPE micelles and post inserted into liposomes composed of DMPC, DMPG phospholipids, and fusogenic lipid dioleoylphosphatidylethanolamine (DOPE) containing monophosphoryl lipid A (MPL) adjuvant (DMPC-DMPG-DOPE-MPL-Gp2)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044461/the-influence-of-time-units-on-the-flexibility-of-the-spatial-numerical-association-of-response-codes-effect
#3
Tingting Zhao, Xianyou He, Xueru Zhao, Jianrui Huang, Wei Zhang, Shuang Wu, Qi Chen
The Spatial Numerical/Temporal Association of Response Codes (SNARC/STEARC) effects are considered evidence of the association between number or time and space, respectively. As the SNARC effect was proposed by Dehaene, Bossini, and Giraux in 1993, several studies have suggested that different tasks and cultural factors can affect the flexibility of the SNARC effect. This study explored the influence of time units on the flexibility of the SNARC effect via materials with Arabic numbers, which were suffixed with time units and subjected to magnitude comparison tasks...
October 17, 2017: British Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29041934/h-syndrome-5-new-cases-from-the-united-states-with-novel-features-and-responses-to-therapy
#4
Jessica L Bloom, Clara Lin, Lisa Imundo, Stephen Guthery, Shelly Stepenaskie, Csaba Galambos, Amy Lowichik, John F Bohnsack
BACKGROUND: H Syndrome is an autosomal recessive disorder characterized by cutaneous hyperpigmentation, hypertrichosis, and induration with numerous systemic manifestations. The syndrome is caused by mutations in SLC29A3, a gene located on chromosome 10q23, which encodes the human equilibrative transporter 3 (hENT3). Less than 100 patients with H syndrome have been described in the literature, with the majority being of Arab descent, and only a few from North America. CASE PRESENTATION: Here we report five pediatric patients from three medical centers in the United States who were identified to have H syndrome by whole exome sequencing...
October 17, 2017: Pediatric Rheumatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29039222/association-between-haptoglobin-gene-and-insulin-resistance-in-arab-americans
#5
Kyle J Burghardt, Dana El Masri, Sabrina E Dass, Sara S Shikwana, Linda A Jaber
AIM: To analyze associations between variation in the HP gene and lipid and glucose-related measures in Arab-Americans. Secondary analyses were performed based on sex. PATIENTS & METHODS: Genomic DNA was extracted from samples obtained from a previous epidemiological study of diabetes in Arab-Americans. The HP 1 and 2 alleles were analyzed by polymerase chain reaction and gel electrophoresis. Associations were analyzed by linear regression. RESULTS & CONCLUSION: Associations were identified between the heterozygous haptoglobin 2-1 genotype and insulin resistance, fasting insulin and fasting c-peptide...
October 17, 2017: Biomarkers in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034969/experience-with-mad-on-children-with-epilepsy-in-egypt-after-classic-kd-failure
#6
O F El Rashidy, M F Nassar, Y G El Gendy, S M Deifalla, S Gaballa
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Modified Atkins diet (MAD) is a less restrictive type of ketogenic diet (KD) as compared to the classic one. The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of 9 months MAD treatment on the growth and seizure control in patients with intractable epilepsy as well as the quality of life (QoL) of their mothers. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: The study included 15 patients with intractable epilepsy who could not tolerate their classic KD management plan...
October 16, 2017: Acta Neurologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031281/double-disparities-in-the-health-care-for-people-with-schizophrenia-of-an-ethnic-national-minority
#7
Gilad Gal, Hanan Munitz, Itzhak Levav
BACKGROUND: Studies have shown health care disparities among persons of minority status, including in countries with universal health care. Yet, a dearth of studies have addressed disparities resulting from the combined effect of two minority status groups: severe mental illness and ethnic-national sector filiation. This study aimed to compare the differential health care of Jewish- and Arab-Israelis with schizophrenia in a country with a universal health insurance. METHOD: This study builds on a large case-control epidemiological sample (N = 50,499) of Jewish- (92...
October 15, 2017: Israel Journal of Health Policy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29030181/use-of-gelatin-and-gum-arabic-for-encapsulation-of-black-raspberry-anthocyanins-by-complex-coacervation
#8
Rezvan Shaddel, Javad Hesari, Sodeif Azadmard-Damirchi, Hamed Hamishehkar, Bahram Fathi-Achachlouei, Qingrong Huang
Protein-polysaccharide interactions offer opportunities for designing the new functional foods with applications in the food and pharmaceutical industries. In this work, we microencapsulated black raspberry water extracts by double emulsion technique prior to complex coacervation using gelatin and gum Arabic to diminish the instability of their anthocyanins (ANCs) as water soluble compounds, particularly under harsh processing and storage conditions. Subsequently, optical microscopy, moisture, hygroscopicity, solubility, particle size, loading capacity, zeta potential, color parameters (L*, a*, b*, C, H° and TCD), stability, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), and thermal behavior were evaluated...
October 10, 2017: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29029963/genetic-risk-factors-in-finnish-patients-with-parkinson-s-disease
#9
Susanna Ylönen, Ari Siitonen, Michael A Nalls, Pauli Ylikotila, Jaana Autere, Johanna Eerola-Rautio, Raphael Gibbs, Mikko Hiltunen, Pentti J Tienari, Hilkka Soininen, Andrew B Singleton, Kari Majamaa
INTRODUCTION: Variation contributing to the risk of Parkinson's disease (PD) has been identified in several genes and at several loci including GBA, SMPD1, LRRK2, POLG1, CHCHD10 and MAPT, but the frequencies of risk variants seem to vary according to ethnic background. Our aim was to analyze how variation in these genes contributes to PD in the Finnish population. METHODS: The subjects consisted of 527 Finnish patients with early-onset PD, 325 patients with late-onset PD and 403 population controls...
September 29, 2017: Parkinsonism & related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028812/occurrence-of-the-middle-east-respiratory-syndrome-coronavirus-mers-cov-across-the-gulf-corporation-council-countries-four-years-update
#10
Mahmoud Aly, Mohamed Elrobh, Maha Alzayer, Sameera Aljuhani, Hanan Balkhy
The emergence of the Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus (MERS-CoV) infections has become a global issue of dire concerns. MERS-CoV infections have been identified in many countries all over the world whereas high level occurrences have been documented in the Middle East and Korea. MERS-CoV is mainly spreading across the geographical region of the Middle East, especially in the Arabian Peninsula, while some imported sporadic cases were reported from the Europe, North America, Africa, and lately Asia...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025589/potential-circulating-mirna-signature-for-early-detection-of-nsclc
#11
Ayda Arab, Morteza Karimipoor, Shiva Irani, Arda Kiani, Sirous Zeinali, Elham Tafsiri, Kambiz Sheikhy
Circulating microRNAs (c-miRNAs) are promising biomarkers for screening, early detection and prognosis of cancer. The purpose of this investigation was to identify a panel of c-miRNAs in plasma that could contribute to early detection of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). We profiled the expression of 44 unique plasma miRNAs in training set of 34 NSCLC patients and 20 matched healthy individuals by miRCURY LNA™ Universal RT microRNA PCR Panel and calculated dysregulation fold changes using the 2-ΔΔCt equation...
October 2017: Cancer Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025356/associations-between-sleep-deprivation-and-salivary-testosterone-levels-in-male-university-students-a-prospective-cohort-study
#12
Mahmoud Suleiman Abu-Samak, Beisan Ali Mohammad, May Ibrahim Abu-Taha, Luai Zidan Hasoun, Shady Helmi Awwad
Sleep deprivation is a common health problem that is growing rapidly worldwide and it is associated with short- and long-term impacts on health. The aim of this study was to detect potential predictors of salivary testosterone (sT) association with sleep deprivation in Arab male university students. In this prospective cohort study, 77 university male students in the age range of 18 to 26 years were divided into two groups, sleep-deprived (SD) participants and non-sleep-deprived (NSD) participants. Sleep deprivation was defined as sleeping less than 5 hr per night...
October 1, 2017: American Journal of Men's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024919/graphene-oxide-gold-nanorods-for-chemo-photothermal-treatment-and-controlled-release-of-doxorubicin-in-mice-tumor
#13
M Shahnawaz Khan, Sunil Pandey, Mukesh L Bhaisare, Gangaraju Gedda, Abou Talib, Hui-Fen Wu
Graphene oxide (GO) is a close derivative of graphene has unlocked many pivotal steps in drug delivery due to their inherent biocompatibility, excellent drug loading capacity, and shows antibacterial, antifungal properties etc. We used a novel plant material called Gum arabic (GA) to increase the solubility of GO as well as to chemically reduce it in the solution. GA functionalized GO (fGO) exhibited increased absorption in near infra-red region (NIR) which was exploited in photothermal therapy for cancer. In order to understand the shape and size effect of GO which may affect their rheological properties, we have conjugated them with gold nanorods (GNRs) using in situ synthesis of GO@GNRs via seed mediated method...
September 4, 2017: Colloids and Surfaces. B, Biointerfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024507/dietary-patterns-and-semen-quality-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-observational-studies
#14
REVIEW
A Arab, N Rafie, M Mansourian, M Miraghajani, H Hajianfar
A number of studies have examined the association between dietary patterns and semen quality, but the findings have been inconclusive. Herein, we conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis of observational studies to assess the association between dietary patterns and semen quality. PubMed, Cochrane library, Science direct, Scopus, Google Scholar, and ISI web of science databases were searched up to August 2016 for observational studies assessing the association between common dietary patterns and sperm quality markers...
October 12, 2017: Andrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023688/developing-nursing-research-in-the-united-arab-emirates-a-narrative-review
#15
REVIEW
M McCreaddie, D Kuzemski, J Griffiths, E M Sojka, M Fielding, N Al Yateem, J J Williams
AIM: This article identified, critically analysed and synthesized the literature on international nursing and midwifery research capacity building and standards. BACKGROUND: The United Arab Emirates is heavily dependent up on expatriate nurses. Only 4% of nurses working within the country are Emirati. The nation is therefore committed to developing nurses and nursing as a profession. INTRODUCTION: The United Arab Emirates' Nursing and Midwifery Council was formed in 2009 and initially focused on regulation, education and specialization...
October 11, 2017: International Nursing Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020851/impact-of-attending-the-diwaniyyah-on-kuwaiti-men-s-health
#16
Maha Al-Sejari
Diwaniyyah is a traditional gathering place for men in the Arab world. Most Kuwaiti men spend most of their time in the diwaniyyah, which is an important part of their social activity. The current study aims to examine the relationship between the diwaniyyah as a social community and the attendees' health conditions to determine how the diwaniyyah affects Kuwaiti men's lifestyle. A questionnaire was distributed among 500 men 16 years old and above. It comprised five parts of data: sociodemographic information, frequency of attending diwaniyyah, types of diwaniyyahs, and health lifestyle of members attending the diwaniyyah...
October 1, 2017: American Journal of Men's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019277/3d-cbct-morphometric-assessment-of-mental-foramen-in-arabic-population-and-global-comparison-imperative-for-invasive-and-non-invasive-procedures-in-mandible
#17
Mohammad Khursheed Alam, Selham Alhabib, Bader K Alzarea, Muhammad Irshad, Saif Faruqi, Mohd G Sghaireen, Santosh Patil, Rehana Basri
BACKGROUND: Recent advancements in clinical dentistry have increased the possibilities of surgical procedures in the mental region. A detailed knowledge of mental foramen (MF) morphometry is significant to preserve integrity of the mental nerve trunk in surgical interventions such as orthognathic surgery, implant placement and anaesthetic block. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine the most accurate position of the mental foramen by using new assessment approach in a sample of dental patients presenting to the specialist dental clinic, College of Dentistry, Al Jouf University, Saudi Arabia...
October 11, 2017: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29018585/disentangling-age-gender-interactions-associated-with-risks-of-fatal-and-non-fatal-road-traffic-injuries-in-the-sultanate-of-oman
#18
Amira K Al-Aamri, Sabu S Padmadas, Li-Chun Zhang, Abdullah A Al-Maniri
OBJECTIVE: Road traffic injuries (RTIs) are the leading cause of disability-adjusted life years lost in Oman, Saudi Arabia and United Arab Emirates. Injury prevention strategies often overlook the interaction of individual and behavioural risk factors in assessing the severity of RTI outcomes. We conducted a systematic investigation of the underlying interactive effects of age and gender on the severity of fatal and non-fatal RTI outcomes in the Sultanate of Oman. METHODS: We used the Royal Oman Police national database of road traffic crashes for the period 2010-2014...
2017: BMJ Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016196/prevalence-of-gjb2-mutations-in-affected-individuals-from-united-arab-emirates-with-autosomal-recessive-nonsyndromic-hearing-loss
#19
Abdelaziz Tlili, Abdullah Al Mutery, Walaa Kamal Eddine Ahmad Mohamed, Mona Mahfood, Hassen Hadj Kacem
AIM: Mutations in the gap junction protein beta 2 (GJB2) gene are responsible for more cases of nonsyndromic recessive hearing loss than any other gene. The purpose of our study was to evaluate the prevalence of GJB2 mutations among affected individuals from United Arab Emirates (UAE). METHODS: There were 50 individuals diagnosed with hereditary hearing loss and 120 healthy individuals enrolled in the study. The Sanger sequencing method was used to screen the GJB2 coding region in all affected individuals...
October 10, 2017: Genetic Testing and Molecular Biomarkers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28993587/determination-of-three-organochlorine-pesticides-in-aqueous-samples-by-solid-phase-extraction-based-on-natural-nano-diatomite-in-packed-syringe-coupled-to-gas-chromatography-mass-spectrometry
#20
Abdollah Taghani, Nasser Goudarzi, Ghadamali Bagherian, Mansour Arab Chamjangali
A rapid, simple, and sensitive technique is proposed based on a miniaturized solid-phase extraction method named mictroextraction in a packed syringe coupled with gas chromatography-mass spectrometry for the preconcentration and determination of three organochlorine pesticides. These include hexachlorobenzene, heptachlor and aldrine in aqueous samples. For the first time, the natural nano diatomite is used a sorbent. Based on this technique, 6.0 mg of the nano sorbent is inserted in a syringe between two polypropylene frits...
2017: Analytical Sciences: the International Journal of the Japan Society for Analytical Chemistry
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