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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732299/enterovesical-fistula-a-rare-complication-of-meckel-s-diverticulum-a-case-report
#1
Bourguiba M A, Gharbi M, Ghalleb M, Ben Taher A, Souai F, Bensafta Y, Sayari S, Ben Moussa M
INTRODUCTION: Enterovesical fistulas usually result from diverticulitis, Crohn's disease, or colorectal cancer. A perforated Meckel's diverticulum can exceptionally result in an vesico-diverticulum fistula, as noted in only seven previously reported cases. CASE REPORT: A 35-year old Arabic male, quadriplegic,who presented epigastralgia evolving for a week, associated with abdominal distension and cloudy urine. On examination he was feverish (38.5°C), dehydrated with tenderness in the entire distended abdomen; rectal examination revealed a hypotonic sphincter with no other abnormality...
July 8, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732040/perceptions-of-arab-men-regarding-female-breast-cancer-screening-examinations-findings-from-a-middle-east-study
#2
Tam Truong Donnelly, Al-Hareth Al-Khater, Salha Bujassoum Al-Bader, Mohamed Ghaith Al-Kuwari, Mariam Ali Abdul Malik, Nabila Al-Meer, Rajvir Singh
OBJECTIVES: In the Middle East, Qatar in particular, the incidence of breast cancer has substantially increased in recent years, and is expected to double by 2030. This diagnosis also occurs at a later stage in the disease. Early detection along with proper treatment reduces radical mastectomy and mortality rates, yet only one-third of Arab women in Qatar participate in breast cancer screening (BCS) activities of any sort. Many women in the conservative Qatari society rely on male family members for support and protection...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731624/risk-for-postpartum-depression-among-immigrant-arabic-women-in-the-united-states-a-feasibility-study
#3
Dalia Alhasanat, Judith Fry-McComish, Hossein N Yarandi
INTRODUCTION: Postpartum depression (PPD) affects approximately 14% of women in the United States and 10% to 37% of Arabic women in the Middle East. Evidence suggests that immigrant women experience higher rates, but information on PPD among immigrant women of Arabic descent in the United States is nonexistent. METHODS: A cross-sectional descriptive feasibility study was conducted to assess the practicality of implementing a larger proposed research study to examine predictors of PPD in US immigrant women of Arabic descent residing in Dearborn, Michigan...
July 21, 2017: Journal of Midwifery & Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731611/energy-drink-consumption-is-associated-with-reduced-sleep-quality-among-college-students-a-cross-sectional-study
#4
Mo'ez Al-Islam E Faris, Haitham Jahrami, Marwa M Al-Hilali, Noor J Chehyber, Sara O Ali, Sara D Shahda, Reyad S Obaid
AIM: Intake of caffeinated energy drinks has significantly increased, specifically among young adults and adolescents. College students are prone to developing unhealthy eating habits and dependence on stimulants, which puts them at a greater risk of sleep problems. This study aims to investigate the prevalence of caffeinated energy drink consumption and its association with sleep quality in college students. METHODS: A sample of 919 randomly selected adults (237 males and 682 females) from various colleges at the University of Sharjah/United Arab Emirates participated in this cross-sectional study...
July 2017: Nutrition & Dietetics: the Journal of the Dietitians Association of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726019/arabic-translation-cultural-adaptation-and-validation-study-of-knee-outcome-survey-activities-of-daily-living-scale-kos-adls
#5
Abdulrahman D Algarni, Hamza M Alrabai, Abdulaziz Al-Ahaideb, Shaji John Kachanathu, Sulaiman A AlShammari
Knee complaints and their accompanying functional impairments are frequent problems encountered by healthcare practitioners worldwide. Plenty of functional scoring systems were developed and validated to give a relative estimation about the knee function. Despite the wide geographic distribution of Arabic language in the Middle East and North Africa, it is rare to find a validated knee function scale in Arabic. The present study is aimed to translate, validate, and culturally adjust the Knee Outcome Survey: Activities of Daily Living Scale (KOS-ADLS) into Arabic language for future use among Arabic-speaking patients...
July 19, 2017: Rheumatology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725129/estimation-of-fluoride-concentration-in-drinking-water-and-common-beverages-in-united-arab-emirates-uae
#6
Tarun Walia, Salem Abu Fanas, Madiha Akbar, Jamal Eddin, Mohamad Adnan
OBJECTIVE: To assess fluoride concentration in drinking water which include tap water of 4 emirates - Abu Dhabi, Dubai, Sharjah and Ajman plus bottled water, commonly available soft drinks & juices in United Arab Emirates. METHODS: Five different samples of tap water collected from each of the four emirates of UAE: Ajman, Sharjah, Abu Dhabi and Dubai; twenty-two brands of bottled water and fifteen brands of popular cold beverages, purchased from different supermarkets in U...
July 2017: Saudi Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723952/evidence-for-prehistoric-origins-of-the-g2019s-mutation-in-the-north-african-berber-population
#7
Rafiqua Ben El Haj, Ayyoub Salmi, Wafa Regragui, Ahmed Moussa, Naima Bouslam, Houyam Tibar, Ali Benomar, Mohamed Yahyaoui, Ahmed Bouhouche
The most common cause of the monogenic form of Parkinson's disease known so far is the G2019S mutation of the leucine-rich repeat kinase 2 (LRRK2) gene. Its frequency varies greatly among ethnic groups and geographic regions ranging from less than 0.1% in Asia to 40% in North Africa. This mutation has three distinct haplotypes; haplotype 1 being the oldest and most common. Recent studies have dated haplotype 1 of the G2019S mutation to about 4000 years ago, but it remains controversial whether the mutation has a Near-Eastern or Moroccan-Berber ancestral origin...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719365/proposed-model-for-the-cultural-adaptation-of-an-internet-based-depression-prevention-intervention-catch-it-for-arab-adolescents
#8
Zach Abuwalla, Zaynab Kadhem, Tracy Gladstone, Ereny Mikhael, Amir Bishay, Benjamin W Van Voorhees
Background Evidence-based Internet depression prevention intervention programs are not readily available for Arab youth, but may be effective in this group. Cultural adaptation of evidence-based Western psychotherapy is an important step toward better prevention and treatment of depressive illness in the Arab community. Project CATCH-IT is an Internet-based depression prevention intervention tool that is tailored for adolescents and young adults. Methods The PEN-3 theoretical framework was used for the cultural adaptation of Project CATCH-IT for Arab adolescents...
July 18, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716142/prevalence-of-and-factors-associated-with-burnout-among-health-care-professionals-in-arab-countries-a-systematic-review
#9
I Elbarazi, T Loney, S Yousef, A Elias
BACKGROUND: Burnout among healthcare professionals is one of the key challenges affecting health care practice and quality of care. This systematic review aims to (1) estimate the prevalence of burnout among health care professionals (HCP) in Arab countries; and (2) explore individual and work-related factors associated with burnout in this population. METHODS: Multiple electronic databases were searched for studies published in English or Arabic from January 1980 to November 2014 assessing burnout (using the Maslach Burnout Inventory; MBI) amongst health care professionals (HCP) in Arab countries...
July 17, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715927/mawrid-a-model-of-arabic-word-reading-in-development
#10
Elinor Saiegh-Haddad
This article offers a model of Arabic word reading according to which three conspicuous features of the Arabic language and orthography shape the development of word reading in this language: (a) vowelization/vocalization, or the use of diacritical marks to represent short vowels and other features of articulation; (b) morphological structure, namely, the predominance and transparency of derivational morphological structure in the linguistic and orthographic representation of the Arabic word; and (c) diglossia, specifically, the lexical and lexico-phonological distance between the spoken and the standard forms of Arabic words...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Learning Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715926/microencapsulation-of-anthocyanin-rich-black-soybean-coat-extract-by-spray-drying-using-maltodextrin-gum-arabic-and-skimmed-milk-powder
#11
Ana Kalušević, Steva Lević, Bojan Čalija, Milena Pantić, Miona Belović, Vladimir Pavlović, Branko Bugarski, Jela Milić, Slađana Žilić, Viktor Nedović
Black soybean coat is insufficiently valorised food production waste rich in anthocyanins. The goal of the study was to examine physicochemical properties of spray dried extract of black soybean coat in regard to carrier materials: maltodextrin, gum Arabic, and skimmed milk powder. Maltodextrin and gum Arabic-based microparticles were spherical and non-porous while skimmed milk powder-based were irregularly shaped. Low water activity of microparticles (0.31-033), good powders characteristics, high solubility (80...
July 18, 2017: Journal of Microencapsulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715114/a-rare-case-of-obstructive-duodenal-phytobezoar-caused-by-two-lipomas
#12
Eunae Cho, Chung Hwan Jun, Eun Kyu Park, Chang Hwan Park, Hyun Soo Kim, Sung Kyu Choi, Jong Sun Rew
The word 'bezoar' comes from either the Persian word 'padzahr' or the Arabic word 'badzehr' both of which denote 'antidote.' This word meant a hard stone found in the stomach of the Syrian goat and believed to prevent poisoning(1) .
July 17, 2017: Journal of Digestive Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714445/reliability-estimates-for-the-arabic-versions-of-the-cancer-behavior-inventory-brief-and-the-functional-assessment-of-cancer-therapy-breast
#13
Maaidah M Algamdi, Sandra K Hanneman
PURPOSE: The study aims were to (a) test reliability of the Arabic versions of the Cancer Behavior Inventory-Brief Arabic (CBI-BA) among patients diagnosed with any type of cancer and the Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy-Breast (FACT-BA) in women with breast cancer and (b) assess participant understanding of CBI-BA items. METHODS: A cross-sectional design was used to assess preliminary evidence for internal consistency reliability of the CBI-BA and the FACT-BA in a community-dwelling sample of Arabicspeaking persons diagnosed with cancer...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Nursing Measurement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714444/development-of-an-arabic-translation-of-the-cancer-behavior-inventory-brief
#14
Maaidah M Algamdi, Sandra K Hanneman
PURPOSE: The objective was to develop an Arabic version of the Cancer Behavior Inventory-Brief (CBI-B). METHODS: The CBI-B was translated into Arabic using two forward and back translations. A translation validity index (TVI) was computed from review by an expert panel. RESULTS: Both back translations had issues with word choice, grammar, and meaning, which were resolved by selecting items from each forward translation. Item TVI was 0.83-1...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Nursing Measurement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713765/prevalence-of-periodontal-pathogens-in-a-group-of-participants-from-the-middle-east-and-north-africa-geographic-region-with-minimal-periodontal-disease
#15
Zoubeida Al Yahfoufi, Wahib Hadchiti
AIM AND OBJECTIVES: To assess the prevalence of the three putative periodontal pathogens such as Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans (A. a), Porphyromonas gingivalis (P. g), and Prevotella intermedia (P. i) in a group of Arab participants from the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region who had minimal periodontal disease and no history of periodontal treatment and further to analyze the association among these three microorganisms. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Eighty-four participants of varied demographics and oral/dental care habits were screened for this study...
June 2017: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712081/survey-on-awareness-and-attitudes-of-secondary-school-students-regarding-plastic-pollution-implications-for-environmental-education-and-public-health-in-sharjah-city-uae
#16
Mohammad Bakri Alaa Hammami, Eman Qasem Mohammed, Anas Mohammad Hashem, Mina Amer Al-Khafaji, Fatima Alqahtani, Shaikha Alzaabi, Nihar Dash
Since the industrial revolution in the 1800s, plastic pollution is becoming a global reality. This study aims to assess knowledge and attitude about plastic pollution among secondary school students in Sharjah city, United Arab Emirates. A cross-sectional study was conducted among 400 students in 6 different secondary schools in Sharjah city. Self-administered questionnaires were distributed through probability stratified random sampling method between February and April 2016. Majority of the population understands how harmful plastic wastes are to the environment (85...
July 15, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709894/adsorption-and-controlled-release-of-potassium-phosphate-and-ammonia-from-modified-arabic-gum-based-hydrogel
#17
Fernanda Zonatto, Edvani C Muniz, Elias B Tambourgi, Alexandre T Paulino
In this work, a modified Arabic gum-based hydrogel copolymerized with acrylamide was synthesized and characterized for application in adsorption and controlled release of potassium, phosphate and ammonia. From FT-IR results, it would be reasonable to assume that the hydrogel was effectively synthesized. The degree of swelling at pure water with pH 6.0 was 21.0g water per g dried hydrogel whereas the degrees of swelling at buffer solutions with pH 4.5 and 7.0 were 7.2 and 9.2g water per g dried hydrogel, respectively...
July 11, 2017: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707640/what-do-faculty-feel-about-teaching-in-this-school-assessment-of-medical-education-environment-by-teachers
#18
Syed Ilyas Shehnaz, Mohamed Arifulla, Jayadevan Sreedharan, Kadayam Guruswami Gomathi
BACKGROUND: Faculty members are major stakeholders in curriculum delivery, and positive student learning outcomes can only be expected in an educational environment (EE) conducive to learning. EE experienced by teachers includes all conditions affecting teaching and learning activities. As the EE of teachers indirectly influences the EE of students, assessment of teachers' perceptions of EE can highlight issues affecting student learning. These perceptions can also serve as a valuable tool for identifying faculty development needs...
January 2017: Education for Health: Change in Training & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707303/prediction-of-geriatric-rehabilitation-outcomes-comparison-between-three-cognitive-screening-tools
#19
Noemi Heyman, Tatyana Tsirulnicov, Merav Ben Natan
AIM: Comparison between the predictions of functional rehabilitation outcomes at a department of geriatric rehabilitation using three cognitive screening tools - Mini Mental State Examination (MMSE), Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA), and Informant Questionnaire on Cognitive Decline in the Elderly (IQCODE). METHODS: This study is a prospective study. The study participants were 212 patients aged 65 and older admitted to rehabilitation departments at a geriatric facility in central Israel, from April 2016 to October 2016...
July 14, 2017: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706594/disparity-in-st-segment-elevation-myocardial-infarction-practices-and-outcomes-in-arabian-gulf-countries-gulf-coast-registry
#20
Mohammad Zubaid, Wafa Rashed, Alawi A Alsheikh-Ali, Taysir Garadah, Najib Alrawahi, Mustafa Ridha, Mousa Akbar, Fahad Alenezi, Rashed Alhamdan, Wael Almahmeed, Hussam Ouda, Arif Al-Mulla, Fahad Baslaib, Abdulla Shehab, Abdulla Alnuaimi, Haitham Amin
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study is to describe contemporary management and 1-year outcomes of patients hospitalized with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) in Arabian Gulf countries. METHODS: Data of patients admitted to 29 hospitals in four Gulf countries [Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, United Arab Emirates (UAE)] with the diagnosis of STEMI were analyzed from Gulf locals with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) events (Gulf COAST) registry. This was a longitudinal, observational registry of consecutive citizens, admitted with ACS from January 2012 to January 2013...
April 2017: Heart Views: the Official Journal of the Gulf Heart Association
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