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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656172/factors-affecting-child-development-assessed-by-the-ages-and-stages-questionnaire-asq-in-an-arabic-speaking-population
#1
Durriyah Sinno, Hani Tamim, Farah Faytrouni, Mohamad A Mikati, Lama Charafeddine
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 12, 2018: Early Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29653398/growth-of-symbolic-number-knowledge-accelerates-after-children-understand-cardinality
#2
David C Geary, Kristy vanMarle
Children who achieve an early understanding of the cardinal value of number words (cardinal knowledge) have a superior understanding of the relations among numerals at school entry, controlling other factors (e.g., intelligence). We tested the hypothesis that this pattern emerges because an understanding of cardinal value jump starts children's learning of the relations among numerals. Across two years of preschool, the cardinal knowledge of 179 children (85 boys) was assessed four times, as was their understanding of the relative quantity of Arabic numerals and competence at discriminating nonsymbolic quantities...
April 10, 2018: Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649786/nanoemulsions-and-topical-creams-for-the-safe-and-effective-delivery-of-lipophilic-antioxidant-coenzyme-q10
#3
M Kaci, A Belhaffef, S Meziane, G Dostert, P Menu, É Velot, S Desobry, E Arab-Tehrany
Emulsion-based delivery systems have been developed to increase the topical bioavailability of lipophilic active compounds within skin membrane. The aim was to develop nanoemulsion from natural sources (rapeseed oil) with the same sources of pure phospholipids (lecithin) rich on mono and polyunsaturated fatty acids for encapsulation of hydrophobic antioxidant (Coenzyme Q10 ) giving nanoemulsion with double functionality. Nanoemulsions were used for cream preparation using xanthan gum and carboxylmethylcellulose as texturizing agents...
April 5, 2018: Colloids and Surfaces. B, Biointerfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649545/complete-primary-repair-of-bladder-exstrophy-cpre-critical-analysis-of-the-long-term-outcome
#4
Hesham O Arab, Tamer E Helmy, Ahmed Abdelhalim, Mohamed Soltan, Mohamed E Dawaba, Ashraf T Hafez
OBJECTIVES: To demonstrate the long term outcome of a contemporary series of 64 children who underwent CPRE in a single tertiary referral center. METHODS: Between 1998 and 2012, 64 children; 47 boys and 17 girls were identified. Only 60 out of the 64 cases were available for follow up. Follow up was done by renal bladder ultrasound (RBUS) and serum creatinine every 3 months and Voiding cystourethrogram (VCUG) between 6 to 12 months post operatively. Continence was defined as dryness ≥3 hours...
April 9, 2018: Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29644931/an-evaluation-of-a-diabetes-self-management-education-dsme-intervention-delivered-using-avatar-based-technology-certified-diabetes-educators-ratings-and-perceptions
#5
Joanne Duncan-Carnesciali, Barbara C Wallace, Michelle Odlum
Purpose The purpose of this study was to evaluate the perceptions that certified diabetes educators (CDEs), of diverse health professions, have of a culturally appropriate e-health intervention that used avatar-based technology. Methods Cross-sectional, survey-based design using quantitative and qualitative paradigms. A logic model framed the study, which centered on the broad and general concepts leading to study outcomes. In total, 198 CDEs participated in the evaluation. Participants were mostly female and represented an age range of 26 to 76 years...
April 1, 2018: Diabetes Educator
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29642422/chemical-characterization-of-an-encapsulated-red-wine-powder-and-its-effects-on-neuronal-cells
#6
Diego Rocha-Parra, Jorge Chirife, Clara Zamora, Sonia de Pascual-Teresa
Red wine polyphenols are known for their implications for human health protection, although they suffer from high instability. For this reason, a red wine powder was prepared by freeze-drying encapsulation in maltodextrin/arabic gum matrix, and its composition was determined by means of high-performance liquid chromatography coupled quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry (HPLC-MS-QTOF). More than thirty polyphenols, including anthocyanins, flavanols, flavonols, phenolic acids and stilbenoids, were identified...
April 7, 2018: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629668/using-dna-barcoding-to-detect-adulteration-in-different-herbal-plant-based-products-in-the-united-arab-emirates-proof-of-concept-and-validation
#7
Kareem A Mosa, Sameh Soliman, Ali El-Keblawy, Muna Abdalla Ali, Hessa Ali Hassan, Aysha Ali Bin Tamim, Moza Mohamed Al-Ali
Commercially available herbal and medicinal plants-based products are susceptible to substitution or contamination with other unlabeled or undesired materials. This will reduce the quality of the product, and may lead to intoxication and allergy. DNA Barcoding is a molecular technology that allows the identification of plant materials at the species level, by sequencing short stretches of standardized gene sequences from nuclear or organelle genome in an easy, rapid, accurate and cost-effective manner. The aim of this research is to apply DNA barcoding to investigate the authenticity of commercially available herbal and medicinal plant-based products within the UAE markets...
April 8, 2018: Recent Patents on Food, Nutrition & Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629325/the-antiplaque-efficacy-of-two-herbal-based-toothpastes-a-clinical-intervention
#8
Sudhir Rama Varma, Husam Sherif, Ahmed Serafi, Salim Abu Fanas, Vijay Desai, Eiyas Abuhijleh, Ahmad Al Radaidah
Aims: This study is the first of its kind in the United Arab Emirates, where these herbal plant extracts are commonly incorporated into toothpaste. The present study compares two herbal toothpastes (Meswak extract and tea tree oil [TTO]) and analyses their efficiency in reducing plaque accumulation. Materials and Methods: A total of 25 patients were examined for plaque and assigned a plaque score. They were then randomly assigned to use either Meswak-based toothpaste or TTO-based toothpaste...
January 2018: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629178/diabetes-risk-score-in-the-united-arab-emirates-a-screening-tool-for-the-early-detection-of-type-2-diabetes-mellitus
#9
Nabil Sulaiman, Ibrahim Mahmoud, Amal Hussein, Salah Elbadawi, Salah Abusnana, Paul Zimmet, Jonathan Shaw
Objective: The objective of this study was to develop a simple non-invasive risk score, specific to the United Arab Emirates (UAE) citizens, to identify individuals at increased risk of having undiagnosed type 2 diabetes mellitus. Research design and methods: A retrospective analysis of the UAE National Diabetes and Lifestyle data was conducted. The data included demographic and anthropometric measurements, and fasting blood glucose. Univariate analyses were used to identify the risk factors for diabetes...
2018: BMJ Open Diabetes Research & Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628758/effect-of-anterior-crowding-or-spacing-on-oral-health-related-quality-of-life-a-cross-sectional-study
#10
Ali H Hassan, Nour M Hobani, Sara M Almokri, Nour M Almokri, Faiza G Alotibi, Ehab N Alshouibi
Introduction: Oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) involves many aspects such as chewing ability, sleeping, social interactions, self-esteem, and satisfaction with life and oral health. The increasing research interest in OHRQoL began only after the shortcomings of previous approaches of treating symptoms only and neglecting the patient's self-perception were revealed. Patients and methods: The current study design is a cross-sectional study of patients who attended King Abdulaziz University Dental Hospital (Jeddah, Saudi Arabia) and King Saud University Dental Hospital (Riyadh, Saudi Arabia)...
2018: Patient Preference and Adherence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29626737/treatment-satisfaction-questionnaire-for-medication-validation-of-the-translated-arabic-version-among-patients-undergoing-warfarin-therapy-in-saudi-arabia
#11
Sireen Abdul Rahim Shilbayeh, Sarah Ahmed Alyahya, Nouf Hayef Alshammari, Wejdan Ali Almutairi, Eiad Shaheen
OBJECTIVES: To validate the psychometric properties of the translated Arabic version of the Treatment Satisfaction Questionnaire for Medication (TSQM 1.4) for patients on warfarin therapy in Saudi anticoagulation clinics (ACCs). METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was conducted at the Security Forces Hospital ACC in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. It involved administering questionnaires related to patients' satisfaction and assessing adherence through interviews. The quality of the international normalized ratio control was assessed using the Rosendaal method...
April 4, 2018: Value in Health Regional Issues
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29625595/psychometric-properties-of-the-arabic-version-of-the-confusion-assessment-method-for-the-intensive-care-unit-cam-icu
#12
Maha H Aljuaid, Ahmad M Deeb, Maamoun Dbsawy, Daniah Alsayegh, Moteb Alotaibi, Yaseen M Arabi
BACKGROUND: It is recommended that critically ill patients undergo routine delirium monitoring with a valid and reliable tool such as the Confusion Assessment Method for the Intensive Care Unit (CAM-ICU). However, the validity and reliability of the Arabic version of the CAM-ICU has not been investigated. Here, we test the validity and reliability of the Arabic CAM-ICU. METHODS: We conducted a psychometric study at ICUs in a tertiary-care hospital in Saudi Arabia...
April 6, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29623832/herbs-with-potential-nephrotoxic-effects-according-to-traditional-persian-medicine-review-and-assessment-of-scientific-evidence
#13
Fatemeh Kolangi, Zahra Memariani, Mahboubeh Bozorgi, Seyyed Ali Mozaffarpur, Mohaddeseh Mirzapour
BACKGROUND: The increased use of herbal remedies particularly in patients with kidney diseases indicated the importance of studies which focused on nephrotoxic plants. OBJECTIVE: The present study aimed to review and assess the kidney-damaging herbs mentioned in the Persian medicine [PM] books. METHODS: The main PM books were searched for nephrotoxic herbs and their relevant reformers traditionally proposed for preventing renal damage. PubMed, Scopus and Google Scholar were investigated for evaluation of the scientific evidence relating to the nephrotoxicity of herbs...
April 3, 2018: Current Drug Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29622872/beneficial-effect-of-low-fixed-dose-of-hydroxyurea-in-vaso-occlusive-crisis-and-transfusion-requirements-in-adult-hbss-patients-a-prospective-study-in-a-tertiary-care-center
#14
Sudha Sethy, Tribikram Panda, Rabindra Kumar Jena
Significant reduction in morbidity and mortality have been documented in patients with sickle cell disease (HbSS) by most of the studies using hydroxyurea at a dose of 25-35 mg/kg/day or maximum tolerated dose. But toxicities, need for frequent monitoring, compliance and cost are important hurdles particularly in Indian set up. We undertook this study to find out the efficacy, safety compliance rate of low fixed dose of hydroxyurea (10 mg/kg/day) in patients presenting to our hospital and its impact on clinical profile and laboratory parameters...
April 2018: Indian Journal of Hematology & Blood Transfusion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29622186/non-targeted-detection-of-paprika-adulteration-using-mid-infrared-spectroscopy-and-one-class-classification-is-it-data-preprocessing-that-makes-the-performance
#15
Bettina Horn, Susanne Esslinger, Michael Pfister, Carsten Fauhl-Hassek, Janet Riedl
A method for the non-targeted detection of paprika adulteration was developed using Fourier transform mid-infrared (FT-MIR) spectroscopy and one-class soft independent modelling of class analogy (OCSIMCA). One-class models based on commercially available paprika powders were developed and optimised to provide >80% sensitivity by external validation. The performances of the established models for adulteration detection were tested by predicting spiked paprika samples with various types of fraudulent material and levels of adulterations including 1% (w/w) Sudan I, 1% (w/w) Sudan IV, 3% (w/w) lead chromate, 3% (w/w) lead oxide, 5% (w/w) silicon dioxide, 10% (w/w) polyvinyl chloride, and 10% (w/w) gum arabic...
August 15, 2018: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29619159/depression-and-anxiety-as-determinants-of-health-related-quality-of-life-in-patients-with-multiple-sclerosis-united-arab-emirates
#16
Taoufik Alsaadi, Khadija El Hammasi, Tarek M Shahrour, Mustafa Shakra, Lamya Turkawi, Wassim Nasreddine, Seada Kassie, Mufeed Raoof
To study the impact of depression and anxiety on health-related quality of life (HRQOL) in patients with multiple sclerosis (pwMS) in the UAE. All consecutive patients attending the MS clinic over a fourmonth period, October 2014 through February 2015, at Sheikh Khalifa Medical city (SKMC) were asked to complete The World Health Organization quality of life abbreviated scale (WHOQOL-BREF), the Patient Health Questionnaire nine-item (PHQ-9) depression scale, and Generalized Anxiety Disorder seven-item (GAD-7) scale...
December 11, 2017: Neurology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29615827/antecedents-of-job-search-self-efficacy-of-syrian-refugees-in-greece-and-the-netherlands
#17
Sofija Pajic, Magdalena Ulceluse, Gábor Kismihók, Stefan T Mol, Deanne N den Hartog
The goal of the current study was to investigate the relationships among psychological resources, career barriers, and job search self-efficacy in a sample of post-2014 Syrian refugees. Participants included 330 refugees in Greece and the Netherlands. Data were obtained using paper-based surveys, with all measures translated into Arabic. Drawing from career construction theory (Savickas, 2005), we hypothesized that adaptive readiness, operationalized in terms of psychological capital, would be positively related to job search self-efficacy through career adaptability...
April 2018: Journal of Vocational Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29610623/diabetics-retinopathy-knowledge-and-awareness-assessment-among-the-type-2-diabetics
#18
Naif R Almalki, Turki M Almalki, Khaled Alswat
INTRODUCTION: Diabetic retinopathy (DR) is a leading cause of blindness worldwide. In Saudi Arabia and other Arab countries, several studies estimated the prevalence of DR ranging from 30 - 40%. AIM: To assess the DR knowledge and its association with diabetes control among Type 2 diabetic patients. METHODS: A cross-sectional study of patients with Type II diabetes (T2D) who had a routine visit to the endocrine clinic to assess the DR knowledge and its relation to the glycemic control...
March 15, 2018: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29610599/is-the-rs1801282-g-c-polymorphism-of-ppar-gamma-gene-associated-with-t2dm-in-iraqi-people
#19
Amjad Hazim Al-Naemi, Akram Jarjees Ahmad
BACKGROUND: Pro12Ala (rs1801282) is a common polymorphism of the human PPAR-γ gene. Studies have demonstrated conflicting results about its association with T2DM worldwide. There are no reports about such possible association among Iraqi people. OBJECTIVES: This study aims at finding out whether having the mutant allele (Ala12) might be associated with T2DM among Iraqi people. METHODS: One hundred and ninety-two Arabic Iraqi adult subjects (97 with T2DM and 95 controls) were genotyped using PCR- RFLP...
March 15, 2018: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29607823/risk-factors-of-cancer-in-the-united-arab-emirates
#20
Hira Abdul Razzak, Alya Harbi, Wael Shelpai, xAhmadxx Qawas
Cancer is recognized to be a major healthcare problem globally. Cancer is a disease that mainly occurs when alterations in a normal cell group within the body leads to uncontrolled growth, mainly causing a lump referred to as a tumor. The aim of this study is to systematically review and extract studies reporting the risk factors of cancer in UAE between 2007 and 2016. A systematic literature search was performed by using "PubMed, Scopus databases, Science direct, and local journals" and appropriate key terms to retrieve studies carried out in United Arab Emirates with regards to risk factors of the cancer...
January 2018: Gulf Journal of Oncology
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