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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210484/in-the-arab-bedroom-the-sex-life-of-arabs
#1
P Dupont
The sex life of Arabs is terra incognita for scientists and policy makers. Shereen El Feki's book "Sex and the Citadel" is the first serious attempt to chart sexual intimacy in the rapidly changing Arab world.
December 2016: Facts, Views & Vision in ObGyn
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209916/diabetic-concentrations-of-metformin-inhibit-platelet-mediated-ovarian-cancer-cell-progression
#2
Rafaela Erices, Sofía Cubillos, Raúl Aravena, Felice Santoro, Monica Marquez, Renan Orellana, Carolina Ramírez, Pamela González, Patricia Fuenzalida, María Loreto Bravo, Bárbara Oliva, Sumie Kato, Carolina Ibañez, Jorge Brañes, Erasmo Bravo, Catalina Alonso, Karen García, Clemente Arab, Vicente A Torres, Alejandro S Godoy, Jaime Pereira, Galdo Bustos, Julio Cesar Cardenas, Mauricio A Cuello, Gareth I Owen
Clinical studies have suggested a survival benefit in ovarian cancer patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus taking metformin, however the mechanism by which diabetic concentrations of metformin could deliver this effect is still poorly understood. Platelets not only represent an important reservoir of growth factors and angiogenic regulators, they are also known to participate in the tumor microenvironment implicated in tumor growth and dissemination. Herein, we investigated if diabetic concentrations of metformin could impinge upon the previously reported observation that platelet induces an increase in the tube forming capacity of endothelial cells (angiogenesis) and upon ovarian cancer cell aggressiveness...
February 15, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28206789/modulation-of-language-switching-by-cue-timing-implications-for-models-of-bilingual-language-control
#3
Asaid Khateb, Rana Shamshoum, Anat Prior
The current study examines the interplay between global and local processes in bilingual language control. We investigated language-switching performance of unbalanced Arabic-Hebrew bilinguals in cued picture naming, using 5 different cuing parameters. The language cue could precede the picture, follow it, or appear simultaneously with it. Naming latencies were reduced with precuing, demonstrating bilinguals' ability to globally modulate language activation, and more strongly reduced with postcuing, demonstrating bilinguals' ability to locally activate lemmas in both languages...
February 16, 2017: Journal of Experimental Psychology. Learning, Memory, and Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203385/appraising-the-methodological-quality-of-the-clinical-practice-guideline-for-diabetes-mellitus-using-the-agree-ii-instrument-a-methodological-evaluation
#4
Mahmoud Radwan, Ali Akbari Sari, Arash Rashidian, Amirhossein Takian, Sanaa Abou-Dagga, Aymen Elsous
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the methodological quality of the Palestinian Clinical Practice Guideline for Diabetes Mellitus using the Translated Arabic Version of the AGREE II. DESIGN: Methodological evaluation. A cross-cultural adaptation framework was followed to translate and develop a standardised Translated Arabic Version of the AGREE II. SETTING: Palestinian Primary Healthcare Centres. PARTICIPANTS: Sixteen appraisers independently evaluated the Clinical Practice Guideline for Diabetes Mellitus using the Translated Arabic Version of the AGREE II...
February 2017: JRSM Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203211/ethnic-minorities-impression-management-in-the-interview-helping-or-hindering
#5
Eva Derous
Cross-cultural impression management (IM) has not been considered much, which is remarkable given the fast rate at which the labor market is becoming multicultural. This study investigated whether ethnic minorities and majorities differed in their preference for IM-tactics and how this affected ethnic minorities' interview outcomes. A preliminary study (focus groups/survey) showed that ethnic minorities (i.e., Arab/Moroccans) preferred 'entitlements' whereas majorities (i.e., Flemish/Belgians) preferred 'opinion conformity' as IM-tactics...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202101/berber-genealogy-and-the-politics-of-prehistoric-archaeology-and-craniology-in-french-algeria-1860s-1880s
#6
Bonnie Effros
Following the conquest of Algiers and its surrounding territory by the French army in 1830, officers noted an abundance of standing stones in this region of North Africa. Although they attracted considerably less attention among their cohort than more familiar Roman monuments such as triumphal arches and bridges, these prehistoric remains were similar to formations found in Brittany and other parts of France. The first effort to document these remains occurred in 1863, when Laurent-Charles Féraud, a French army interpreter, recorded thousands of dolmens and stone formations south-west of Constantine...
February 16, 2017: British Journal for the History of Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28199997/specificities-of-ischemic-stroke-risk-factors-in-arab-speaking-countries
#7
Halim Abboud, Leila Sissani, Julien Labreuche, Antonio Arauz, Marie-Germaine Bousser, Alain Bryer, Angel Chamorro, Marc Fisher, Ian Ford, Kim M Fox, Michael G Hennerici, Pablo M Lavados, Ayrton Massaro, Heinrich P Mattle, Mario Munoz Collazos, Peter M Rothwell, Philippe Gabriel Steg, Eric Vicaut, Bassem Yamouth, Pierre Amarenco
BACKGROUND: Stroke is largely preventable, and therefore, a better understanding of risk factors is an essential step in reducing the population stroke rate and resulting disease burden in Arab countries. SUMMARY: We performed 2 separate analyses in 2 similar populations of patients with noncardioembolic ischemic stroke. This first involved 3,635 patients in the Outcomes in Patients with TIA and Cerebrovascular disease (OPTIC) registry (followed for 2 years), with baseline collection of the usual risk factors and 5 socioeconomic variables (unemployment status, residence in rural area, living in fully serviced accommodation, no health-insurance coverage, and low educational level)...
February 15, 2017: Cerebrovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196382/bromelain-loading-and-release-from-a-hydrogel-formulated-using-alginate-and-arabic-gum
#8
Janaína Artem Ataide, Letícia Caramori Cefali, Marcia de Araujo Rebelo, Lívia Genovez Spir, Elias Basile Tambourgi, Angela Faustino Jozala, Marco Vinícius Chaud, Edgar Silveira, Xiaochen Gu, Priscila Gava Mazzola
An ideal wound dressing ensures a moist environment around the wound area and absorbs exudates from the wound surface. Topical application of bromelain to incised wounds has been shown to reprogram the wound microenvironment to promote effective tissue repair. Combining the characteristics of hydrogels and bromelain is therefore of great interest. Herein, we describe the development of a hydrogel, formulated using alginate and Arabic gum, for bromelain loading and release. The hydrogel formulation was evaluated using response surface methodology, considering the pH value and the concentration of alginate and Arabic gum...
February 14, 2017: Planta Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196110/ethnic-variation-in-medical-and-lifestyle-risk-factors-for-b-cell-non-hodgkin-lymphoma-a-case-control-study-among-israelis-and-palestinians
#9
Geffen Kleinstern, Rania Abu Seir, Riki Perlman, Areej Khatib, Ziad Abdeen, Husein Elyan, Ronit Nirel, Gail Amir, Asad Ramlawi, Fouad Sabatin, Paolo Boffetta, Eldad J Dann, Meirav Kedmi, Martin Ellis, Arnon Nagler, Dina Ben Yehuda, Ora Paltiel
BACKGROUND: Risk factors for B-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma (B-NHL) have not been assessed among Palestinian Arabs (PA) and Israeli Jews (IJ). METHODS: In a case-control study we investigated self-reported medical and lifestyle exposures, reporting odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals [CIs], by ethnicity, for overall B-NHL and subtypes. RESULTS: We recruited 823 cases and 808 healthy controls. Among 307 PA/516 IJ B-NHL cases (mean age at diagnosis = 51 [±17] versus 60 [±15] years, respectively) subtype distributions differed, with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) being prominent among PA (71%) compared to IJ (41%); follicular lymphoma (FL), was observed in 14% versus 28%, and marginal zone lymphoma, in 2% versus 14%, respectively...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195061/overview-of-the-preclinical-pharmacological-properties-of-nigella-sativa-black-seeds-a-complementary-drug-with-historical-and-clinical-significance
#10
E Z Dajani, T G Shahwan, N E Dajani
Nigella sativa (N. sativa, black seeds; or sometimes known by many other names such as the blessed seed by the Arabs, black cumin in the Holy Bible, black caraway and Kalonji in South Asia) has been traditionally used for many years not only as a food but also as complementary drug. It is the objective of this communication to review the evidence-based pre-clinical pharmacological actions of N. sativa as a basis of its existing and potential new human clinical uses. Primary PubMed literature searches and secondary Medline searches were conducted to define N...
December 2016: Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology: An Official Journal of the Polish Physiological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195015/the-effect-of-catastrophic-health-expenditure-on-work-after-retirement
#11
Enayatollah Homaie Rad, Arash Rashidian, Mohamad Arab, Ali Souri
Several factors can force retirees to go to paid work. Catastrophic health-care expenditure (CHCE) is one of the driving forces for retirees to go to paid work. This cross-sectional study was based on 6,307 Iran retirees' data. Xu method was used to calculate CHCE, and a logit model was estimated to show the association between CHCE and bridge employment. Other control variables were added to the model. The findings showed that there was positive relationship between CHCE and bridge employment. Retirement pension had negative relationship with work after retirement...
March 2017: International Journal of Aging & Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194814/the-legacy-of-columbus-in-american-horse-populations-assessed-by-microsatellite-markers
#12
O Cortés, S Dunner, L T Gama, A M Martínez, J V Delgado, C Ginja, L M Jiménez, J Jordana, C Luis, M M Oom, D P Sponenberg, P Zaragoza, J L Vega-Pla
Criollo horse populations descend from horses brought from the Iberian Peninsula over the period of colonization (15th to 17th century). They are spread throughout the Americas and have potentially undergone genetic hybridization with other breeds in the recent past. In this study, 25 autosomal microsatellites were genotyped in 50 horse breeds representing Criollo populations from 12 American countries (27 breeds), breeds from the Iberian Peninsula (19), one breed each from France and Morocco and two cosmopolitan horse breeds (Thoroughbred and Arabian)...
February 14, 2017: Journal of Animal Breeding and Genetics, Zeitschrift Für Tierzüchtung und Züchtungsbiologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194634/the-effect-of-language-exposure-and-word-characteristics-on-the-arab-efl-learners-word-associations
#13
Dina Abdel Salam El-Dakhs
The present study investigates the patterns of word associations among Arab EFL learners and compares these patterns with those of native speakers of English. The study also examines the influence of increased language exposure and word characteristics on the learners' association patterns. To this end, 45 native speakers of English and 421 Arab learners of English at a Saudi university with two distinct levels of English language exposure completed a multiple-response word association test and their responses were analyzed, examined and compared...
February 13, 2017: Journal of Psycholinguistic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192977/matrix-assisted-laser-desorption-ionization-mass-fingerprinting-for-identification-of-acacia-gum-in-microsamples-from-works-of-art
#14
Clara Granzotto, Ken Sutherland
This paper reports an improved method for the identification of Acacia gum in cultural heritage samples using matrix assisted laser desorption ionization-time-of-flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF MS) after enzymatic digestion of the polysaccharide component. The analytical strategy was optimized using a reference Acacia gum (gum arabic, sp. A. senegal) and provided an unambiguous MS profile of the gum, characterized by specific and recognized oligosaccharides, from as little as 0.1 μg of material. The enhanced experimental approach with reduced detection limit was successfully applied to the analysis of naturally aged (∼80 year) gum arabic samples, pure and mixed with lead white pigment, and allowed the detection of gum arabic in samples from a late painting (1949/1954) by Georges Braque in the collection of the Art Institute of Chicago...
February 15, 2017: Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192467/reliability-and-validity-of-arabic-translation-of-medication-adherence-report-scale-mars-and-beliefs-about-medication-questionnaire-bmq-specific-for-use-in-children-and-their-parents
#15
Mervat Alsous, Fadwa Alhalaiqa, Rana Abu Farha, Mariam Abdel Jalil, James McElnay, Robert Horne
OBJECTIVES: to evaluate the reliability and discriminant validity of Arabic translation of the Medication Adherence Report Scale (MARS) and the Beliefs about Medication Questionnaire-specific (BMQ-specific). METHODS: Having developed Arabic translations of the study instruments, a cross-sectional study was carried out between March and October 2015 in two multidisciplinary governmental hospitals in Jordan. An expert panel monitored the forward and backward translation of the MARS and BMQ...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190958/the-development-and-psychometric-validation-of-an-arabic-language-version-of-the-pain-catastrophizing-scale
#16
Huda Abu-Saad Huijer, Souha Fares, Douglas J French
Context. The Pain Catastrophizing Scale (PCS) is the most widely used measure of pain-specific catastrophizing. Objectives. The purpose of the present study was to develop and psychometrically evaluate an Arabic-language version of the PCS. Methods. In Study 1, 150 adult chronic nonmalignant pain patients seeking treatment at a hospital setting completed the PCS-A and a number of self-report measures assessing clinical parameters of pain, symptoms of depression, and quality of life. Study 2 employed a cold pressor pain task to examine the PCS-A in a sample of 44 healthy university students...
2017: Pain Research & Management: the Journal of the Canadian Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190413/pedigree-analysis-of-the-turkish-arab-horse-population-structure-inbreeding-and-genetic-variability
#17
S Duru
The aim of this study was to evaluate genetic variability in the Turkish Arab horse population using pedigree information. This study is the first detailed pedigree analysis of the breed in Turkey. Pedigree data were collected from the National Studbook. The pedigree data for 23 668 horses, born between 1904 and 2014, were used in the analysis. From this data set, a reference population (RP) of 14 838 animals symbolising the last generation was defined. Demographic parameters, the inbreeding level (F), the average relatedness (AR), the effective population size (N e), the effective number of founders (f e), the effective number of ancestors (f a) and the number of founder genome equivalents (f g) were calculated for the population...
February 13, 2017: Animal: An International Journal of Animal Bioscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185821/public-response-to-mers-cov-in-the-middle-east-iphone-survey-in-six-countries
#18
Amani S Alqahtani, Harunor Rashid, Mada H Basyouni, Tariq M Alhawassi, Nasser F BinDhim
Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) countries bear the heaviest brunt of MERS-CoV. This study aims to compare public awareness and practice around MERS-CoV across GCC countries. A cross-sectional survey was conducted using the Gulf Indicators (GI) smartphone app among people in the six GCC countries, namely Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, the United Arab Emirates, Qatar, Bahrain, and Oman. A total of 1812 participants recruited. All were aware of MERS-CoV, yet the perception and practice around MERS-CoV varied widely between countries...
February 6, 2017: Journal of Infection and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183741/patterns-of-homicide-in-north-tunisia-a-10-year-study-2005-2014
#19
Mehdi Ben Khelil, Fethia Farhani, Hana Harzallah, Mohamed Allouche, Meriem Gharbaoui, Ahmed Banasr, Anis Benzarti, Moncef Hamdoun
BACKGROUND: In Tunisia and in the Arab world, few data are available about homicide patterns. The aim of our study was to analyse the victims' profiles and the general pattern. METHODS: 636 homicide victims were autopsied at the Legal Medicine Department of Charles Nicolle Hospital in Tunis, over a period of 10 years (2005-2014). RESULTS: Victims were males in 79.7% with a male-to-female ratio of 3.93 and the average age was 37.7 years...
February 9, 2017: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183528/transethnic-genome-wide-scan-identifies-novel-alzheimer-s-disease-loci
#20
Gyungah R Jun, Jaeyoon Chung, Jesse Mez, Robert Barber, Gary W Beecham, David A Bennett, Joseph D Buxbaum, Goldie S Byrd, Minerva M Carrasquillo, Paul K Crane, Carlos Cruchaga, Philip De Jager, Nilufer Ertekin-Taner, Denis Evans, M Danielle Fallin, Tatiana M Foroud, Robert P Friedland, Alison M Goate, Neill R Graff-Radford, Hugh Hendrie, Kathleen S Hall, Kara L Hamilton-Nelson, Rivka Inzelberg, M Ilyas Kamboh, John S K Kauwe, Walter A Kukull, Brian W Kunkle, Ryozo Kuwano, Eric B Larson, Mark W Logue, Jennifer J Manly, Eden R Martin, Thomas J Montine, Shubhabrata Mukherjee, Adam Naj, Eric M Reiman, Christiane Reitz, Richard Sherva, Peter H St George-Hyslop, Timothy Thornton, Steven G Younkin, Badri N Vardarajan, Li-San Wang, Jens R Wendlund, Ashley R Winslow, Jonathan Haines, Richard Mayeux, Margaret A Pericak-Vance, Gerard Schellenberg, Kathryn L Lunetta, Lindsay A Farrer
BACKGROUND: Genetic loci for Alzheimer's disease (AD) have been identified in whites of European ancestry, but the genetic architecture of AD among other populations is less understood. METHODS: We conducted a transethnic genome-wide association study (GWAS) for late-onset AD in Stage 1 sample including whites of European Ancestry, African-Americans, Japanese, and Israeli-Arabs assembled by the Alzheimer's Disease Genetics Consortium. Suggestive results from Stage 1 from novel loci were followed up using summarized results in the International Genomics Alzheimer's Project GWAS dataset...
February 6, 2017: Alzheimer's & Dementia: the Journal of the Alzheimer's Association
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