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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456775/interethnic-variations-and-clinical-features-of-spondyloarthropathies-in-a-middle-eastern-country
#1
Mohammed Kamil Quraishi, Humeira Badsha, Bhavna Khan, Muhammad Shahzeb, Srilakshmi Hegde, Ayman Mofti, Kong Kok Ooi
Objectives: The study aimed to demonstrate the interethnic differences and clinical features of Spondyloarthropathy(SpA) patients in a diverse Middle Eastern Country. Methods: A retrospective review of medical records to collect the required data was conducted for SpA patients at two study institutions in the United Arab Emirates. Results: Of 141 SpA patients found, 88 AS(Ankylosing Spondylitis) patients and 53 'other SpA' patients were identified...
2018: Open Rheumatology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456449/international-comparison-of-five-herbal-medicine-registration-systems-to-inform-regulation-development-united-kingdom-germany-united-states-of-america-united-arab-emirates-and-kingdom-of-bahrain
#2
Azhar H Alostad, Douglas T Steinke, Ellen I Schafheutle
Background: Herbal medicine (HM) regulation is less developed than that of allopathic medicines, with some countries lacking specific regulations. Objective: For the purpose of informing a registration system for HMs in Kuwait, which does not manufacture but imports all HMs, this study compared the similarities and differences between the current HM registration systems of five countries. Methods: The five countries were selected as major source countries of HM in Kuwait (United Kingdom (UK), Germany and United States of America (USA)) or because of geographical proximity or size and approach (United Arab Emirates (UAE) and Kingdom of Bahrain)...
2018: Pharmaceutical Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455629/functional-outcome-of-open-surgical-a1-pulley-release-in-diabetic-and-nondiabetic-patients
#3
A Ashour, A Alfattni, A Hamdi
PURPOSE: Trigger finger, also referred to as stenotic flexor tenosynovitis, is a common condition affecting the digits, with a lifetime incidence of 2.6% among the healthy population and up to 16.5% in diabetic patients. Diabetes mellitus is associated with multiple musculoskeletal conditions including trigger finger. In this study, we aimed to compare the functional outcome of trigger finger release in diabetic and nondiabetic patients to evaluate whether the management of trigger finger in diabetic patients should be the same as that in nondiabetic patients, or whether diabetic patients would benefit from a more tailored management plan to optimize results...
January 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455360/macro-and-micro-geo-spatial-environment-consideration-for-landfill-site-selection-in-sharjah-united-arab-emirates
#4
Rami Al-Ruzouq, Abdallah Shanableh, Maher Omar, Ghadeer Al-Khayyat
Waste management involves various procedures and resources for proper handling of waste materials in compliance with health codes and environmental regulations. Landfills are one of the oldest, most convenient, and cheapest methods to deposit waste. However, landfill utilization involves social, environmental, geotechnical, cost, and restrictive regulation considerations. For instance, landfills are considered a source of hazardous air pollutants that can cause health and environmental problems related to landfill gas and non-methanic organic compounds...
February 17, 2018: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452247/persistent-candidemia-despite-appropriate-fungal-therapy-first-case-of-candida-auris-from-the-united-arab-emirates
#5
Adnan Alatoom, Mohammad Sartawi, Karen Lawlor, Laila AbdelWareth, Jens Thomsen, Ahmad Nusair, Imran Mirza
In this case, we report an elderly patient with multiple chronic conditions and prolonged intensive care units (ICU) stay who had recurrent Candida auris (C. auris) in blood despite antifungal therapy. C. auris was misidentified using conventional automated identification system as Candida haemulonii resulting in delayed diagnosis. The isolate showed increasing minimum inhibitory concentrations (MICs) to different antifungal drugs and persisted in the patient's blood before the patient deceased. This is the first case of C...
February 13, 2018: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451852/delta-opioids-neuroprotective-roles-in-preclinical-studies
#6
Shahid Husain
Since ancient times, opioids have been used clinically and abused recreationally. In the early stages (about 1,000 AD) of opium history, an Arab physician, Avicenna, administered opioids to control diarrhea and eye diseases. 1 Opioids have very strong pain relieving properties and they also regulate numerous cellular responses. Opioid receptors are expressed throughout the body, including the nervous system, heart, lungs, liver, gastrointestinal tract, and retina. 2-6 Delta opioid receptors (DORs) are a very attractive target from the perspective of both receptor function and their therapeutic potential...
January 2018: Journal of Ocular Pharmacology and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450881/a-comparative-description-of-perceived-stress-and-coping-strategies-among-psychology-and-nonpsychology-students-in-the-united-arab-emirates
#7
Zahir Vally, Brettjet L Cody, Safeya N M Alsheraifi, Maryam A Albloshi
PURPOSE: This study describes perceived stress and coping strategies as they occur within a college-aged population from an Arab background. Variables were compared between psychology students and their peers from other faculties. DESIGN AND METHODS: A cross-sectional, correlational design was used for this study. A total of 114 students completed the Brief COPE questionnaire, the Perceived Stress Scale, and a measure of our own design to assess sources of psychosocial support...
February 16, 2018: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450704/gulf-arabic-nouns-and-verbs-a-standardized-set-of-319-object-pictures-and-141-action-pictures-with-predictors-of-naming-latencies
#8
Tariq Khwaileh, Eiman Mustafawi, Ruth Herbert, David Howard
Standardized pictorial stimuli and predictors of successful picture naming are not readily available for Gulf Arabic. On the basis of data obtained from Qatari Arabic, a variety of Gulf Arabic, the present study provides norms for a set of 319 object pictures and a set of 141 action pictures. Norms were collected from healthy speakers, using a picture-naming paradigm and rating tasks. Norms for naming latencies, name agreement, visual complexity, image agreement, imageability, age of acquisition, and familiarity were established...
February 15, 2018: Behavior Research Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450245/video-game-addiction-and-psychological-distress-among-expatriate-adolescents-in-saudi-arabia
#9
Nazmus Saquib, Juliann Saquib, AbdulWaris Wahid, Abdulrahman Akmal Ahmed, Hamad Emad Dhuhayr, Mohamed Saddik Zaghloul, Mohammed Ewid, Abdulrahman Al-Mazrou
Introduction: Few studies have estimated screen time among Arab adolescents, and no studies, to date, have published data on addiction to video games or Internet games among Arab adolescents. This study aimed to assess the prevalence of addiction to video games and its correlation with mental health in a sample of expatriate high school students from the Al-Qassim region of Saudi Arabia. Methods: The survey was conducted in 2016 among 276 students enrolled in ninth through twelfth grades in the International Schools in Buraidah, Al-Qassim...
December 2017: Addictive Behaviors Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29446817/depression-in-tunisian-type-2-diabetic-patients-prevalence-and-association-to-glycemic-control-and-to-treatment-compliance
#10
Faten Ellouze, Rahma Damak, Mehdi El Karoui, Haifa Mami, Mohamed Fadhel M'rad, Ghada Hamdi, Abdelmajid Abid
AIM: to study the prevalence of depression in type 2 diabetes and to seek for a relationship between glycemic control and treatment adherence. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was carried out at the outpatient department of the Tunis nutrition institute. A total of 100 diabetic patients followed for Type 2 diabetes were randomly recruited. We used a structured questionnaire to collect patients' socio-demographic, clinical and therapeutic data. The treatment adherence was assessed by using MAS, Glycemic control according to blood glucose and glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) levels and depression and anxiety by administering a dialectal Arabic validated version of Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HAD)...
March 2017: La Tunisie Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29446227/application-of-nano-perlite-as-a-new-natural-sorbent-in-preconcentration-of-three-organophosphorus-pesticides-by-microextraction-in-packed-syringe-coupled-with-gc-ms
#11
Abdollah Taghani, Nasser Goudarzi, Ghadamali Bagherian, Mansour Arab Chamjangali, Amir Hossein Amin
A rapid, low-cost, and simple method is proposed based on a miniaturized solid-phase extraction named microextraction in packed syringe coupled with gas chromatography and mass spectrometry for the preconcentration and determination of some organophosphorous pesticides including diazinon, ethion, and malathion. For the first time, natural nano-perlite is used as a safe sorbent. Based on this technique, the analytes are adsorbed on the solid phase and then eluted by a desorbing solvent. The influence of some important parameters such as the solution pH, and type and volume of the organic desorption solvent on the microextraction efficiency of the selected pesticide technique is investigated...
February 15, 2018: Journal of Separation Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29446105/occupational-allergic-rhinitis-and-contact-urticaria-caused-by-gum-arabic-in-a-candy-factory-worker
#12
Paolo Romita, Tamara Bufano, Annarita Antelmi, Caterina Foti
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 15, 2018: Contact Dermatitis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29445880/the-headache-under-response-to-treatment-hurt-questionnaire-an-outcome-measure-to-guide-follow-up-in-primary-care-development-psychometric-evaluation-and-assessment-of-utility
#13
T J Steiner, D C Buse, M Al Jumah, M L Westergaard, R H Jensen, M L Reed, L Prilipko, F S Mennini, M J A Láinez, K Ravishankar, F Sakai, S-Y Yu, M Fontebasso, A Al Khathami, E A MacGregor, F Antonaci, C Tassorelli, R B Lipton
BACKGROUND: Headache disorders are both common and burdensome but, given the many people affected, provision of health care to all is challenging. Structured headache services based in primary care are the most efficient, equitable and cost-effective solution but place responsibility for managing most patients on health-care providers with limited training in headache care. The development of practical management aids for primary care is therefore a purpose of the Global Campaign against Headache...
February 14, 2018: Journal of Headache and Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29445343/medicinal-plants-from-near-east-for-cancer-therapy
#14
REVIEW
Mohammad S Abu-Darwish, Thomas Efferth
Background: Cancer is one of the major problems affecting public health worldwide. As other cultures, the populations of the Near East rely on medicinal herbs and their preparations to fight cancer. Methods: We compiled data derived from historical ethnopharmacological information as well as in vitro and in vivo results and clinical findings extracted from different literature databases including (PubMed, Scopus, Web of Science, and Google Scholar) during the past two decades. Results: In this survey, we analyzed the huge amount of data available on anticancer ethnopharmacological sources used in the Near East...
2018: Frontiers in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444564/bio-inspired-edible-super-hydrophobic-interface-for-reducing-residual-liquid-food
#15
Yao Li, Jingran Bi, Siqi Wang, Tan Zhang, Xiaomeng Xu, Haitao Wang, Shasha Cheng, Bei-Wei Zhu, Mingqian Tan
Significant wastage of residual liquid food, such as milk, yogurt, and honey, in food container has attracted great attention. In this work, a bio-inspired edible super-hydrophobic interface was fabricated using the FDA-approved and edible honeycomb wax, arabic gum, and gelatin by a simple and low-cost method. The bio-inspired edible super-hydrophobic interface showed multiscale structures, which were similar to that of lotus leaf surface. This bio-inspired edible super-hydrophobic interface displayed high contact angles for a variety of liquid foods and the residue of liquid foods could be effectively reduced using the bio-inspired interface...
February 14, 2018: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29443907/bioactive-films-containing-alginate-pectin-composite-microbeads-with-lactococcus-lactis-subsp-lactis-physicochemical-characterization-and-antilisterial-activity
#16
Mariam Bekhit, Elmira Arab-Tehrany, Cyril J F Kahn, Franck Cleymand, Solenne Fleutot, Stephane Desobry, Laura Sánchez-González
Novel bioactive films were developed from the incorporation of Lactococcus lactis into polysaccharide films. Two different biopolymers were tested: cellulose derivative (hydroxylpropylmethylcellulose (HPMC)) and corn starch. Lactic acid bacteria (LAB) free or previously encapsulated in alginate-pectin composite hydrogel microbeads were added directly to the film forming solution and films were obtained by casting. In order to study the impact of the incorporation of the protective culture into the biopolymer matrix, the water vapour permeability, oxygen permeability, optical and mechanical properties of the dry films were evaluated...
February 14, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29441815/the-secret-drama-at-the-patient-s-bedside-refusal-of-treatment-because-of-the-practitioner-s-ethnic-identity-the-medical-staff-s-point-of-view
#17
Ariela Popper-Giveon, Yael Keshet
Patients' refusal of treatment based on the practitioner's ethnic identity reveals a clash of values: neutrality in medicine versus patient-centered care. Taking the Israeli-Palestinian conflict into account, this article aims at examining Israeli health care professionals' points of view concerning patients' refusal of treatment because of a practitioner's ethnic identity. Fifty in-depth interviews were conducted with 10 managers and 40 health care professionals, Jewish and Arab, employed at 11 public hospitals...
February 1, 2018: Qualitative Health Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29441320/zika-virus-disease-knowledge-among-the-future-health-care-providers-of-the-united-arab-emirates
#18
Syed Arman Rabbani, Farhan Mustafa, Tasneem Shouqair, Itaf Mohamad, Nada Tahsin
Zika virus (ZIKV) disease has become a major public health concern. Although there are no reported cases of ZIKV disease in the United Arab Emirates (UAE), there is a potential risk of transmission due to large expatriate population and high influx of international travelers. This cross-sectional study was conducted to assess the knowledge of ZIKV disease among the students of a medical and health sciences university in the UAE. Their knowledge of ZIKV disease was assessed using a specially designed, pretested, and validated questionnaire...
January 2018: Journal of Advanced Pharmaceutical Technology & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29440877/psychometric-properties-and-assessment-of-the-osteoporosis-health-belief-scale-among-the-general-arabic-population
#19
Mohanad Naji Sahib
Background: Any educational program should be implemented with a good understanding of the population's beliefs. Therefore, the aims of this study were to validate the Arabic version of the Osteoporosis Health Belief Scale (OHBS-A) and assess the osteoprotective attitude among the Iraqi population. Methods: A cross-sectional design, with a random cluster sampling method from the community, was used. The forward-backward-forward translation method was used to translate the questionnaire from English to Arabic...
2018: Patient Preference and Adherence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29438437/a-novel-lpl-intronic-variant-g-18704c-a-identified-by-re-sequencing-kuwaiti-arab-samples-is-associated-with-high-density-lipoprotein-very-low-density-lipoprotein-and-triglyceride-lipid-levels
#20
Suzanne A Al-Bustan, Ahmad Al-Serri, Babitha G Annice, Majed A Alnaqeeb, Wafa Y Al-Kandari, Mohammed Dashti
The role interethnic genetic differences play in plasma lipid level variation across populations is a global health concern. Several genes involved in lipid metabolism and transport are strong candidates for the genetic association with lipid level variation especially lipoprotein lipase (LPL). The objective of this study was to re-sequence the full LPL gene in Kuwaiti Arabs, analyse the sequence variation and identify variants that could attribute to variation in plasma lipid levels for further genetic association...
2018: PloS One
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