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Satish Chandrasekhar Nair, Hassan Jaafar, Mohamed Jaloudi, Khaled Qawasmeh, Afra AlMarar, Halah Ibrahim
Despite the high prevalence of cancer in the Middle East, there is limited published data reporting the needs of cancer patients in this region of the world. The purpose of this study is to assess the unmet supportive care needs of oncology patients in the United Arab Emirates (UAE). From December 2014 to December 2016, a cross-sectional survey of cancer patients was conducted at a large tertiary care hospital and an oncology referral centre in the UAE, using a validated Arabic translation of the supportive care needs survey--short form (SCNS-SF34-A), assessing cancer-specific perceived needs across five domains: psychological, health system information, patient care and support, physical and daily living and sexuality...
2018: Ecancermedicalscience
Ali Amiri, Reza Ghanavati, Hassan Riahi Beni, Seyyed Hashem Sezavar, Mehrdad Sheykhvatan, Mahsa Arab
BACKGROUND: Finding patients at risk of developing contrast-induced acute kidney injury (CI-AKI) is important because of its associated complications. In the present study, the contribution of different variables, such as the presence of metabolic syndrome (MetS), the volume creatinine clearance (V/CrCl) ratio, the iodine-dose (I-dose)/CrCl ratio, or hypertension, to CI-AKI was evaluated. METHODS: A total of 255 patients undergoing elective coronary angiography with or without intervention were enrolled and divided into a MetS and a control group...
June 15, 2018: Cardiorenal Medicine
Ayesha Siddiqua, Rania Dghaim, Caroline Barakat-Haddad
Background: Tobacco use among adolescents is an important public health concern as it causes various forms of smokingrelated health problems and can create a gateway for other substance abuse. Aim: This study examined the prevalence, profile and predictors of tobacco use among expatriate and national adolescents living in the United Arab Emirates (UAE). Methods: Using a cross-sectional study design (2007-2009), we collected data on the prevalence of tobacco use in 6363 adolescents aged 13-20 years, including current smokers of cigarettes, midwakh, shisha and any other form of tobacco...
June 10, 2018: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal, la Revue de Santé de la Méditerranée Orientale
T A M Datema, K G Roper, S Cognat, M D Saad, L Oskam, V Dolmazon, M F M Engelberts, P Hessels, P R Klatser
OBJECTIVES: To introduce the Laboratory Quality Stepwise Implementation (LQSI) tool and provide data about its roll-out, usage and effectiveness in assisting laboratories with quality improvement. METHODS: The LQSI tool, a freely available stepwise guide, was developed by WHO to assist laboratories in efficiently implementing a quality management system. RESULTS: Since the tool's launch in 2014, it has been accessed by 116,431 unique users from 195 of 206 listed states...
June 15, 2018: Tropical Medicine & International Health: TM & IH
R El Arab, M Sagbakken
Background: This review aims to explore the healthcare needs and access to healthcare services among Syrian refugees in Jordan. Furthermore, it identifies possible ways of responding to such needs within the framework of the structural challenges faced in this particular context. Methods: Through qualitative techniques, this study systematically reviewed nine articles identified in academic and international organizations' databases. Six articles are from scholarly sources, while three are published reports or commentary articles; thus, there are variations in methodological rigour...
June 13, 2018: European Journal of Public Health
Farida Ismail Al Hosani, Lindsay Kim, Ahmed Khudhair, Huong Pham, Mariam Al Mulla, Zyad Al Bandar, Krishna Pradeep, Kheir Abou Elkheir, Stefan Weber, Mary Khoury, George Donnelly, Naima Younis, Feda El Saleh, Muna Abdalla, Hala Imambaccus, Lia M Haynes, Natalie J Thornburg, Jennifer L Harcourt, Congrong Miao, Azaibi Tamin, Aron J Hall, Elizabeth S Russell, Aaron M Harris, Craig Kiebler, Roger A Mir, Kimberly Pringle, Negar N Alami, Glen R Abedi, Susan I Gerber
Background: Although there is evidence of person-to-person transmission of Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus (MERS-CoV) in household and healthcare settings, more data are needed to describe and better understand the risk factors and transmission routes in both settings, as well as the extent that disease severity affects transmission. Methods: A sero-epidemiological investigation was conducted among Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus (MERS-CoV) case-patients and their household contacts to investigate transmission risk in Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates...
June 13, 2018: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
Georgia Chronaki, Michael Wigelsworth, Marc D Pell, Sonja A Kotz
Humans have an innate set of emotions recognised universally. However, emotion recognition also depends on socio-cultural rules. Although adults recognise vocal emotions universally, they identify emotions more accurately in their native language. We examined developmental trajectories of universal vocal emotion recognition in children. Eighty native English speakers completed a vocal emotion recognition task in their native language (English) and foreign languages (Spanish, Chinese, and Arabic) expressing anger, happiness, sadness, fear, and neutrality...
June 14, 2018: Scientific Reports
B Wang, Y-L He
BACKGROUND: The tumour necrosis factor (TNF)-α -238 and -308 polymorphisms are potential candidate genes that may serve as modulators in susceptibility to acne. AIM: We performed a meta-analysis of case-control studies to assess the association of the TNF-α -238 and -308 polymorphisms with acne susceptibility. METHODS: The PubMed, EMBASE, Scopus, SinoMed and China National Knowledge Infrastructure databases were systematically searched to identify eligible studies...
June 13, 2018: Clinical and Experimental Dermatology
Oyinkepreye D Orodu, Kale B Orodu, Richard O Afolabi, Eboh A Dafe
The dataset in this article are related to an experimental Enhanced Oil Recovery (EOR) scheme involving the use of dispersions containing Gum Arabic coated Alumina Nanoparticles (GCNPs) for Nigerian medium crude oil. The result contained in the dataset showed a 7.18% (5 wt% GCNPs), 7.81% (5 wt% GCNPs), and 5.61% (3 wt% GCNPs) improvement in the recovery oil beyond the water flooding stage for core samples A, B, and C respectively. Also, the improvement in recovery of the medium crude oil by the GCNPs dispersions when compared to Gum Arabic polymer flooding was evident in the dataset...
August 2018: Data in Brief
Alireza Arab Ameri, Hamid Reza Pourghasemi, Artemi Cerda
Soil erosion, every year imposes extensive damages to human beings by means of reducing soil productivity and filling reservoirs from sedimentation in Ghaemshahr Basin in Mazandaran Province, (Iran); therefore, identifying prone areas to soil erosion for preventive measures is essential in this basin. In this research, erodibility prioritization of sub-watersheds of Ghaemshahr Basin has done using morphometric parameters analysis and different multi-criteria decision making (MCDM) models such as simple additive weighing (SAW), VlseKriterijumska optimizacija I Kompromisno Resenje (VIKOR), technique for order preference by similarity to ideal solution (TOPSIS), and compound factor (CF)...
February 1, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
Samia S Al-Ghannami, Samir Al-Adawi, Kebreab Ghebremeskel, Mathias T Cramer, Izzeldin S Hussein, Yoeju Min, Lakshmanan Jeyaseelan, Nasser Al-Sibani, Saleh M Al-Shammakhi, Fatma Al-Mamari, Atsu S S Dorvlo
Objectives: The objectives of this study were to determine the prevalence of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and specific parental risk factors that may contribute to the development of ADHD in children. Methods: The study was conducted in Oman among fourth-grade students (aged nine to 10 years). A standardized Arabic version of the National Initiative for Children's Health Quality Vanderbilt Assessment Scale (Teachers questionnaire) was used to determine the presence of ADHD...
May 2018: Oman Medical Journal
Majed Sulaiman Alamri, Joseph U Almazan
Objective: There is a growing demand for health-care nursing services in several health care institutions. Understanding barriers to physical assessment among nursing students create a more detailed assessment in the development of quality patient's care in nursing practice. This study examined the barriers to physical assessment skills among nursing students in a government university in Arab Peninsula. Methods: A cross-sectional research survey design of 206 nursing students using a standardized questionnaire was used...
May 2018: International Journal of Health Sciences
Juliann Saquib
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2018: International Journal of Health Sciences
Khaoula El Kinany, Vanessa Garcia-Larsen, Mohamed Khalis, Meimouna Mint Sidi Deoula, Abdelilah Benslimane, Amran Ibrahim, Mohamed Chakib Benjelloun, Karima El Rhazi
BACKGROUND: To date, no culture-specific food frequency questionnaires (FFQ) are available in North Africa. The aim of this study was to adapt and examine the reproducibility and validity of an FFQ or use in the Moroccan population. METHODS: The European Global Asthma and Allergy Network (GA2 LEN) FFQ was used to assess its applicability in Morocco. The GA2 LEN FFQ is comprised of 32 food sections and 200 food items. Using scientific published literature, as well as local resources, we identified and added foods that were representative of the Moroccan diet...
June 12, 2018: Nutrition Journal
Irfan Anjum Manarvi, Nader Mahr Matta
BACKGROUND: Studies have shown that newly diagnosed diabetic patients need a lot of information about medical examinations, checkups, tests and precautions for its control besides its disastrous effects on heart, kidneys, eyes, foot and nerves etc. Patients in Saudi Arabia are generally not aware of most of the information they may need which is one the major reasons of its increasing number of patients. Past studies conducted are based on clinical data of hospitals and health care centers only discussed its effects...
June 11, 2018: Current Diabetes Reviews
Maha M AlRasheed, MennatAllah M Hefnawy, Nourhan N Elsherif, Tariq M Alhawassi, Norah O Abanmy, Nora M AlRasheed, Fulwah Y Alqahtani, Fadilah S Aleanizy, Paul Muiya, Olayan M Al-Boudari, Nduna Dzimiri
BACKGROUND: Genome-wide association studies (GWASs) have yielded a wealth of information furnishing support for the variability in genetic predisposition to disease. However, the actual impact of such findings on any particular ethnic population needs to be validated through replication studies. In the present study, we verified recent findings of a GWAS demonstrating a strong association for the cyclin-dependent kinase 4 inhibitor B (CDKN2B) genomic region with coronary artery disease (CAD)/myocardial infarction (MI) in ethnic Saudi Arabs...
June 9, 2018: Gene
Eman Tawash, Seamus Cowman
AIM: To identify factors influencing high school students' choice of nursing and explore strategic interventions to promote nursing as a career in the Arab region. BACKGROUND: This study forms part of a PhD thesis, conducted in Bahrain, in a healthcare environment with a high dependence on expatriate nurses to maintain nursing services. However, in attracting local candidates to study nursing, the public image of nursing in the Middle East must be improved by implementing strategies that are sensitive to the Arabic culture...
June 12, 2018: Journal of Advanced Nursing
Hosein Rafiemanesh, Zahra Lotfi, Sima Bakhtazad, Mahshid Ghoncheh, Hamid Salehiniya
Introduction: Bladder cancer is the ninth common cancer in the world, the third common cancer among men in the Arabic and Western Asian countries, and the second in some regions of Iran (a country in the Middle East). There was no study on the epidemiological and histological trend of bladder cancer in Iran. This study aimed to the epidemiological and histological trend of bladder cancer in Iran. Materials and Methods: In this study, data were extracted from annual cancer registry reports of Iranian Ministry of Health between 2003 and 2008...
April 2018: Journal of Cancer Research and Therapeutics
Hala Darwish, Pia Zeinoun, Natali Farran, Souha Fares
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to provide normative data for four trials of the Rey figure Test - a complex design used to assess visuoconstructional abilities, aspects of visual memory, and aspects of executive functioning. Despite its frequent clinical and research use in the Arab region, published studies regarding the measures' adaptation or normative data remain absent. METHOD: We administered the Rey figure on a convenience sample of Lebanese (n = 254) aged 30 years to 99...
June 12, 2018: Clinical Neuropsychologist
Sarah Ahmed, Michael Grosvald
This study investigates anticipatory vowel-to-vowel coarticulation in Arabic, and seeks to determine the degree to which it is affected by the pharyngealization and length of intervening consonants. Speakers of Egyptian Arabic were recorded saying sentences containing nonsense sequences of the form /baɁabaCV:/, where C was chosen from {/t/, /tˤ/, /t:/, /tˤ:/} and V was a long vowel /i:/, /a:/ or /u:/. Analysis of the first and second formants of the recorded vowels revealed that (a) vowel-to-vowel coarticulatory effects could sometimes extend to a distance of three vowels before the context vowel; (b) the consonant-to-vowel effects associated with pharyngealization were consistently seen at similar distances, while also decreasing in magnitude at greater distances from the triggering consonant; and (c) effects related to intervening consonant length were idiosyncratic, and in particular did not lead to consistent blocking of vowel-to-vowel effects...
June 1, 2018: Language and Speech
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