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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163398/phytohormones-and-beneficial-microbes-essential-components-for-plants-to-balance-stress-and-fitness
#1
REVIEW
Dilfuza Egamberdieva, Stephan J Wirth, Abdulaziz A Alqarawi, Elsayed F Abd Allah, Abeer Hashem
Plants are subjected to various abiotic stresses, such as drought, extreme temperature, salinity, and heavy metals. Abiotic stresses have negative impact on the physiology and morphology of plants through defects in the genetic regulation of cellular pathways. Plants employ several tolerance mechanisms and pathways to avert the effects of stresses that are triggered whenever alterations in metabolism are encountered. Phytohormones are among the most important growth regulators; they are known for having a prominent impact on plant metabolism, and additionally, they play a vital role in the stimulation of plant defense response mechanisms against stresses...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159435/determination-of-selected-elements-in-canned-food-sold-in-jordan-markets
#2
Adnan M Massadeh, Ayat Allah T Al-Massaedh, Sameh Kharibeh
In this study, the concentrations of seven heavy metals including As, Cd, Cr, Cu, Ni, Pb, and Zn in imported canned food samples of different brands including tuna, beef, sardines, and mushroom were determined. Samples were collected from popular Jordanian market, Irbid city, Northern Jordan (44 samples of each type). The metal concentrations in canned food samples were found to be in the range of 1.85-4.50 μg/g for As, 0.42-0.58 μg/g for Cd, 0.47-1.67 μg/g for Cr, 0.73-0.90 μg/g for Cu, 1.08-2.77 μg/g for Ni, 2...
November 20, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151201/administrative-stressors-and-islamic-coping-strategies-among-muslim-primary-principals-in-malaysia-a-mixed-method-study
#3
Lokman Mohd Tahir, Aqeel Khan, Mohammed Borhandden Musah, Roslee Ahmad, Khadijah Daud, Shafeeq Hussain Vazhathodi Al-Hudawi, Aede Hatib Musta'Amal, Rohaya Talib
Principals are school leaders who experienced stress while leading their schools towards excellence. However, principals stress experiences are always ignored and least studied. This mixed-methods study investigates primary principals' stress experiences and their Islamic coping strategies used in incapacitating the stress experiences. A total of 216 Muslim primary principals across different gender, types of schools and years of experiences as school leaders responded to the administrative stress and the Islamic coping strategies items...
November 18, 2017: Community Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146181/proximity-labeling-of-cis-ligands-of-cd22-siglec-2-reveals-stepwise-%C3%AE-2-6-sialic-acid-dependent-and-independent-interactions
#4
Amin Alborzian Deh Sheikh, Chizuru Akatsu, Akihiro Imamura, Hajjaj H M Abdu-Allah, Hiromu Takematsu, Hiromune Ando, Hideharu Ishida, Takeshi Tsubata
Lectins expressed on the cell surface are often bound and regulated by the membrane molecules containing the glycan ligands on the same cell (cis-ligands). However, molecular nature and function of cis-ligands are generally poorly understood partly because of weak interaction between lectins and glycan ligands. Cis-ligands are most extensively studied in CD22 (also known as Siglec-2), an inhibitory B lymphocyte receptor specifically recognizing α2,6 sialic acids. CD22, CD45 and IgM are suggested to be ligands of CD22...
November 13, 2017: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134493/lethal-and-sub-lethal-effects-of-select-macrocyclic-lactones-insecticides-on-forager-worker-honey-bees-under-laboratory-experimental-conditions
#5
Gamal A M Abdu-Allah, Barry R Pittendrigh
Selective insecticide application is one important strategy for more precisely targeting harmful insects while avoiding or mitigating collateral damage to beneficial insects like honey bees. Recently, macrocyclic lactone-class insecticides have been introduced into the market place as selective bio-insecticides for controlling many arthropod pests, but how to target this selectivity only to harmful insects has yet to be achieved. In this study, the authors investigated the acute toxicity of fourmacrocyclic lactone insecticides (commercialized as abamectin, emamectin benzoate, spinetoram, and spinosad) both topically and through feeding studies with adult forager honey bees...
November 13, 2017: Ecotoxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128083/evolution-of-hepatocellular-carcinoma-epidemiology-in-c%C3%A3-te-d-ivoire
#6
REVIEW
Judith Didi-Kouko Coulibaly, Mireille Yeboua, Alphonsine Kouassi Mbengue, Emile Allah Kouadio, Henriette Anzouan-Kacou Kissi, Allah Yves-Omer Binan, Marie-Jeanne Lohoues Kouacou, Alain Attia, Dominique Yao N'Drin, Toussaint Toutou, Innocent Adoubi, Pascal Pineau
INTRODUCTION: Hepatocellular carcinoma is a major concern for Public health in West Africa. In Côte d'Ivoire, the bulk of our knowledge stems from studies conducted decades ago. Our aim was, thus, to assess whether the epidemiological features of this tumor changed recently. METHODS: Records from 863 patients diagnosed between 2007 and 2014 were analyzed. RESULTS: We observed major drifts concerning hepatocellular carcinoma with regards to the 1970-1980 period...
November 8, 2017: Bulletin du Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29123635/er-yag-laser-and-cyclosporin-a-effect-on-cell-cycle-regulation-of-human-gingival-fibroblast-cells
#7
Hojjat-Allah Abbaszadeh, Ali Asghar Peyvandi, Yousef Sadeghi, Akram Safaei, Mona Zamanian-Azodi, Maryam Sadat Khoramgah, Mostafa Rezaei-Tavirani
Introduction: Periodontitis is a set of inflammatory disorders characterized by periodontal attachment loss and alveolar bone resorption. Because of deficiency in periodontitis mechanical therapy, this study was aimed to explore the molecular influence of the erbiumdoped: yttrium aluminum garnet (Er:YAG) laser and cyclosporin A (CsA) on human gingival fibroblasts (HGFs) for improvement in periodontal diseases therapy. Methods: We focused on articles that studied the proteome profiles of HGFs after treatment with laser irradiation and application of CsA...
2017: Journal of Lasers in Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120585/prevalence-of-occult-hbv-infection-among-chronic-hepatitis-c-patients-in-upper-egypt
#8
Amany G Thabit, Mona A Hassan, Michael N Agban, Nahed A Makhlouf, Nasr K Khalil, Hebat-Allah M Hassan, Mohamed A El-Mokhtar
Occult hepatitis B virusinfection (OBI) is defined as the presence of HBV DNA in liver or serum of individuals who test negative for hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg).We aimed at determining the prevalence of OBI in patients chronically infected with HCV in Upper Egypt and to evaluate the possible impact of OBI on the progression of the liver disease. This study included 200 chronic HCV infected patients. HBV DNA was detected in the serum of 21 patients (10.5%) by nested PCR. 13 of them were positive for anti-HBc...
January 2017: Egyptian Journal of Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111192/antifungal-molluscicidal-and-larvicidal-assessment-of-anemonin-and-clematis-flammula-l-extracts-against-mollusc-galba-truncatula-intermediate-host-of-fasciola-hepatica-in-tunisia
#9
Rakia Saidi, Lamia Khanous, Safa Khadim Allah, Besma Hamdi, Ali Ayadi, Mohamed Damak, Hayet Hammami, Raoudha Mezghani-Jarraya
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the potential of anemonin and Clematis flammula (C. flammula) extracts against infective organisms. METHODS: The molluscicidal activities of anemonin and C. flammula extracts against Galba truncatula Müll. (Lymnaeidae) and Fasciola hepatica larval stages contaminating this snail in Tunisia were assessed by testing six groups of snails in 250 mL of extracts and aqueous dechlorinated solutions with different concentrations (ranging from 2...
October 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29103121/determination-of-heavy-metals-in-canned-fruits-and-vegetables-sold-in-jordan-market
#10
Adnan M Massadeh, Ayat Allah T Al-Massaedh
In this study, the concentrations of selected heavy metals including Pb, Zn, Cr, Ni, Cu, As, and Cd in different brands of canned vegetables and fruits including canned tomato sauce (ketchup), canned green beans, canned whole carrots, and canned juice (pineapple) imported to Jordanian market were determined by acid digestion and atomic absorption spectroscopy. Samples were collected from popular Jordanian markets, Irbid city, Northern Jordan (11 samples of each type). The metal concentrations in the samples analyzed were found to be in the range of 2...
November 4, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097875/trends-and-outcomes-of-pancreaticoduodenectomy-for-periampullary-tumors-a-25-year-single-center-study-of-1000-consecutive-cases
#11
Ayman El Nakeeb, Waleed Askar, Ehab Atef, Ehab El Hanafy, Ahmad M Sultan, Tarek Salah, Ahmed Shehta, Mohamed El Sorogy, Emad Hamdy, Mohamed El Hemly, Ahmed A El-Geidi, Tharwat Kandil, Mohamed El Shobari, Talaat Abd Allah, Amgad Fouad, Mostafa Abu Zeid, Ahmed Abu El Eneen, Nabil Gad El-Hak, Gamal El Ebidy, Omar Fathy, Ahmed Sultan, Mohamed Abdel Wahab
AIM: To evaluate the evolution, trends in surgical approaches and reconstruction techniques, and important lessons learned from performing 1000 consecutive pancreaticoduodenectomies (PDs) for periampullary tumors. METHODS: This is a retrospective review of the data of all patients who underwent PD for periampullary tumor during the period from January 1993 to April 2017. The data were categorized into three periods, including early period (1993-2002), middle period (2003-2012), and late period (2013-2017)...
October 14, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096174/systems-biology-approach-in-plant-abiotic-stresses
#12
REVIEW
Tapan Kumar Mohanta, Tufail Bashir, Abeer Hashem, Elsayed Fathi Abd Allah
Plant abiotic stresses are the major constraint on plant growth and development, causing enormous crop losses across the world. Plants have unique features to defend themselves against these challenging adverse stress conditions. They modulate their phenotypes upon changes in physiological, biochemical, molecular and genetic information, thus making them tolerant against abiotic stresses. It is of paramount importance to determine the stress-tolerant traits of a diverse range of genotypes of plant species and integrate those traits for crop improvement...
October 21, 2017: Plant Physiology and Biochemistry: PPB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29074171/knowledge-attitudes-and-perception-towards-human-papillomavirus-among-university-students-in-pakistan
#13
Tahir Mehmood Khan, Malik Allah Buksh, Inayat Ur Rehman, Ahsan Saleem
This cross-sectional study comprises a questionnaire-based survey regarding knowledge about human papillomavirus and its vaccine among students in different educational fields at public and private universities in the city of Lahore in Pakistan. A 26-item questionnaire was used to attain the objective of this study. The reliability of this tool was assessed using Cronbach's alpha (0.79) and the Kaiser-Meyer-Olkin value was 0.827. The response rate to the survey was 78.0%, of whom the majority (74.9%) were females and 308 (79%) were single (median age=23 years)...
December 2016: Papillomavirus Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29067976/combination-of-interleukin-10-gene-promoter-polymorphisms-with-hla-drb1-15-allele-is-associated-with-multiple-sclerosis
#14
Majid Shahbazi, Javad Sadeghi Allah Abadi, Danial Roshandel, Maryam Koochaki, Hosein Amiri, Rahim Kohansal, Seied Mohammad Baghbanian, Mahdi Zamani
BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVES: Multiple sclerosis (MS) is common in some ethnic groups. Interleukin-10 (IL-10) is a potent anti-inflammatory and immunosuppressive cytokine that may be an important regulator in MS disease pathogenesis. IL-10 promoter includes several single nucleotide polymorphisms and the level of IL-10 expression is related to these polymorphisms. Furthermore, loci within the histocompatibility regions are responsible for susceptibility to MS. The aim of this study was to investigate the association of IL-10 gene promoter polymorphisms and HLA-DRB1*15 allele frequencies with MS susceptibility in an Iranian population...
June 2017: Indian Journal of Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29062262/the-morpho-agronomic-characterization-study-of-lens-culinaris-germplasm-under-salt-marsh-habitat-in-swat-pakistan
#15
Rabia Noor, Shujaul Mulk Khan, Fayaz Ahmad, Murtaza Hussain, Elsayed Fathi Abd Allah, Abdulaziz A Alqarawi, Abeer Hashem, Abdullah Aldubise
The present research study evaluate and identify the most suitable and high yielding genotypes of Lens culinaris for the salt marsh habitat of Swat in moist temperate sort of agro climatic environment of Pakistan. A total of fourteen genotypes were cultivated and analyzed through Randomized Complete Block Design (RCBD). These genotypes were AZRC-4, NL-2, NL4, NL-5, NL-6, NARC-11-1, NARC-11-2, NARC-11-3, NARC-11-4, 09503, 09505, 09506, P.Masoor-09 and Markaz-09. Different parameters i.e., germination rate, flowering, physiological maturity, plant height, biological grain yield, seed weight, pods formation and its height, pods per plants and protein content were focused specially throughout the study...
November 2017: Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29062259/impact-of-soil-salinity-on-the-plant-growth-promoting-and-biological-control-abilities-of-root-associated-bacteria
#16
Dilfuza Egamberdieva, Kakhramon Davranov, Stephan Wirth, Abeer Hashem, Elsayed Fathi Abd Allah
The effectiveness of plant growth - promoting bacteria is variable under different biotic and abiotic conditions. Abiotic factors may negatively affect the beneficial properties and efficiency of the introduced PGPR inoculants. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of plant growth - promoting rhizobacteria on plant growth and on the control of foot and root rot of tomatoes caused by Fusarium solani under different soil salinity conditions. Among the five tested strains, only Pseudomonas chlororaphis TSAU13, and Pseudomonas extremorientalis TSAU20 were able to stimulate plant growth and act as biological controls of foot and root rot disease of tomato...
November 2017: Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29062198/matrix-assisted-laser-desorption-ionization-time-of-flight-mass-spectrometry-as-a-reliable-proteomic-method-for-characterization-of-escherichia-coli-and-salmonella-isolates
#17
Waleed S Shell, Mahmoud Lotfy Sayed, Fatma Mohamed Gad Allah, Fatma Elzahraa Mohamed Gamal, Afaf Ahmed Khder, A A Samy, Abdel Hakam M Ali
AIM: Identification of pathogenic clinical bacterial isolates is mainly dependent on phenotypic and genotypic characteristics of the microorganisms. These conventional methods are costive, time-consuming, and need special skills and training. An alternative, mass spectral (proteomics) analysis method for identification of clinical bacterial isolates has been recognized as a rapid, reliable, and economical method for identification. This study was aimed to evaluate and compare the performance, sensitivity and reliability of traditional bacteriology, phenotypic methods and matrix-assisted laser desorption-ionization-time-of-flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF MS) in the identification of clinical Escherichia coli and Salmonella isolates recovered from chickens...
September 2017: Veterinary World
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033922/endophytic-bacteria-improve-plant-growth-symbiotic-performance-of-chickpea-cicer-arietinum-l-and-induce-suppression-of-root-rot-caused-by-fusarium-solani-under-salt-stress
#18
Dilfuza Egamberdieva, Stephan J Wirth, Vyacheslav V Shurigin, Abeer Hashem, Elsayed F Abd Allah
Salinity causes disturbance in symbiotic performance of plants, and increases susceptibility of plants to soil-borne pathogens. Endophytic bacteria are an essential determinant of cross-tolerance to biotic and abiotic stresses in plants. The aim of this study was to isolate non-rhizobial endophytic bacteria from the root nodules of chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.), and to assess their ability to improve plant growth and symbiotic performance, and to control root rot in chickpea under saline soil conditions. A total of 40 bacterial isolates from internal root tissues of chickpea grown in salinated soil were isolated...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031245/decrease-in-cavity-size-and-oligodendrocyte-cell-death-using-neurosphere-derived-oligodendrocyte-like-cells-in-spinal-cord-contusion-model
#19
Hojjat Allah Abbaszadeh, Taki Tiraihi, Yousef Sadeghi, Ali Reza Delshad, Majid Sadeghizadeh, Taher Taheri, Ali Noori-Zadeh
Background: Oligodendrocyte cell death is among the important features of spinal cord injury, which appears within 15 min and occurs intensely for 4 h after injury, in the rat spinal contusion model. Accordingly, the number of oligodendrocytes is progressively reduced within 24 h after injury. Administration of oligodendrocyte-like cells (OLCs) into the lesion area is one of the approaches to counterbalance this condition. Methods: Bone marrow stromal cells were transdifferentiated into neurospheres and then into neural stem cells and later were differentiated into OLCs using triiodothyronine and transplanted into the spinal cord contusion rats...
October 15, 2017: Iranian Biomedical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028160/angiotensin-converting-enzyme-insertion-deletion-gene-polymorphism-in-egyptian-children-with-cap-a-case-control-study
#20
Heba Abouzeid, Usama M Alkholy, Mohammed A Abdou, Saeed M Morsy, Hind M Abdelrahman, Ashraf M Sherif, Nermin Abdalmonem, Mohammed E Hamed, Mayy A N Allah, Salah Al Morshedy, Shaimaa S A Elashkar, Maha A Noah, Mohamed S Hegab, Nagwa E Akeel, Mustafa I A Hashem, Heba H Gawish, Lobna Abdel Fattah
BACKGROUND: Community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) is a major cause of childhood morbidity and mortality worldwide. The angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) gene is a potential candidate gene for CAP risk. OBJECTIVES: In this study, we aimed to investigate whether the ACE insertion/deletion (I/D) polymorphism (rs4340) could be a genetic marker for CAP susceptibility in Egyptian children, and we also measured the serum ACE level to assess its relation to such polymorphism...
October 13, 2017: Pediatric Pulmonology
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