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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417058/recognition-of-a-rare-intrathoracic-rib-with-computed-tomography-a-case-report
#1
Mohammad-Amin Abdollahifar, Shabnam Abdi, Mohammad Bayat, Reza Masteri Farahani, Hojjat-Allah Abbaszadeh
One of the uncommon congenital variations is intrathoracic rib which a normal, a bifid, or an accessory rib lies within the thoracic cavity that is founded accidentally. Clinically, in most cases they are without symptoms; however, it may cause intrathoracic problems therefore it is important for radiologists and physicians to identify to prevent of excessive intervention and treatment during imaging diagnostic techniques of thoracic problems. In this report, we provide the case of a rare presentation of an intrathoracic rib in a 3-year-old boy arising from the inferior portion of a second rib based on findings from computed tomography...
March 2017: Anatomy & Cell Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412091/lansoprazole-halts-contrast-induced-nephropathy-through-activation-of-nrf2-pathway-in-rats
#2
Sahar A Khaleel, Amany A Alzokaky, Nahed A Raslan, Asmaa I Alwakeel, Heba G Abd El-Aziz, Adel R Abd-Allah
Contrast-induced nephropathy (CIN) is an important cause of acute kidney injury characterized by significant mortality and morbidity. To date, there is no successful protective regimen for CIN especially in poor kidney function patients. Lansoprazole has been shown to exert antioxidant action through induction of nuclear factor-erythroid 2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) pathway. The aim of the present study is to investigate the potential of lansoprazole to activate Nrf2 pathway in the kidney and consequently to protect against oxidative stress induced by iodinated contrast media...
April 13, 2017: Chemico-biological Interactions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28387877/molecular-diversity-of-pakistani-mango-mangifera-indica-l-varieties-based-on-microsatellite-markers
#3
T Nazish, G Shabbir, A Ali, S Sami-Ul-Allah, M Naeem, M Javed, S Batool, H Arshad, S B Hussain, K Aslam, R Seher, M Tahir, M Baber
Understanding the genetic diversity of different Pakistani mango varieties is important for germplasm management and varietal characterization. Microsatellites are efficient and highly polymorphic markers for comparative genome mapping, and were used in the present study to determine the genetic relatedness and variability among 15 indigenous mango cultivars (Mangifera indica L.). Overall, 181 bands were produced using 12 simple sequence repeat (SSR) primers. Out of the 12 primers used, 10 were polymorphic and two were monomorphic...
April 5, 2017: Genetics and Molecular Research: GMR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376433/3d-ultrasound-assessment-of-endometrial-junctional-zone-anatomy-as-a-predictor-of-the-outcome-of-icsi-cycles
#4
Ahmed M Maged, Abdel-Maguid Ramzy, Mona Aboul Ghar, Hossam El Shenoufy, Sherine H Gad Allah, Amr H Wahba, AbdAllah Y ElKateb, Noha Hwedi
OBJECTIVE: To study the relation between junctional zone thickness (JZ) and success of implantation in IVF/ICSI cycles. STUDY DESIGN: A prospective study included 100 infertility patients undergoing ICSI. The long protocol was used in all patients. JZ was measured using 3D ultrasound, in the coronal section, at three places, on two occasions. First measurement was done before HMG was started (i.e. when down regulation was achieved). Second measurement was done on the day of ovum pick up (OPU)...
May 2017: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28372248/validation-of-quechers-based-method-for-determination-of-fenitrothion-residues-in-tomatoes-by-gas-chromatography-flame-photometric-detector-decline-pattern-and-risk-assessment
#5
Farag Malhat, Julien Boulangé, Ehab Abdelraheem, Osama Abd Allah, Rania Abd El-Hamid, Shokr Abd El-Salam
A simple and rapid gas chromatography with flame photometric detector (GC-FPD) determination method was developed to detect residue levels and investigate the dissipation pattern and safe use of fenitrothion in tomatoes. A modified quick, easy, cheap, effective, rugged, and safe (QuEChERS) using an ethyl acetate-based extraction, followed by a dispersive solid-phase extraction (d-SPE) with primary-secondary amine (PSA) and graphite carbon black (GCB) for clean up, was applied prior to GC-FPD analysis. The method showed satisfactory linearity, recovery and precision...
August 15, 2017: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344408/potential-antibacterial-activity-of-some-saudi-arabia-honey
#6
Ahmed G Hegazi, Faiz M Al Guthami, Ahmed F M Al Gethami, Fyrouz M Abd Allah, Ashraf A Saleh, Ehab A Fouad
AIM: The aim of this study was to investigate the potential antibacterial activity of some Saudi Arabia honey against selected bacterial strains of medical importance. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 10 Saudi Arabia honey used to evaluate their antimicrobial activity against some antibiotic-resistant pathogenic bacterial strains. The bacterial strains were Staphylococcus aureus, Streptococcus pyogenes, Klebsiella pneumoniae, Escherichia coli, and Pseudomonas aeruginosa...
February 2017: Veterinary World
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342420/mapping-vulnerability-of-multiple-aquifers-using-multiple-models-and-fuzzy-logic-to-objectively-derive-model-structures
#7
Ata Allah Nadiri, Zahra Sedghi, Rahman Khatibi, Maryam Gharekhani
Driven by contamination risks, mapping Vulnerability Indices (VI) of multiple aquifers (both unconfined and confined) is investigated by integrating the basic DRASTIC framework with multiple models overarched by Artificial Neural Networks (ANN). The DRASTIC framework is a proactive tool to assess VI values using the data from the hydrosphere, lithosphere and anthroposphere. However, a research case arises for the application of multiple models on the ground of poor determination coefficients between the VI values and non-point anthropogenic contaminants...
March 22, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316416/murine-hepatocytes-dna-changes-as-an-assessment-of-the-immunogenicity-of-potential-anti-schistosomal-vaccines-experimentally
#8
Samia E Etewa, Mohamed H A Hegab, Ashraf S Metwally, Somia H Abd Allah, Sally M Shalaby, Amal S El-Shal, Mohamed Baredy, Mahmoud A El Shafey, Howayda S F Moawad
Hepatic affection by granulomatous inflammation in schistosomiasis suggested that a potential anti-pathology vaccine could be generated based on limiting the presence of hazardous hepatocytes induced apoptosis and caused reduction of granulomas number and size . So, this work is concerned with experimental assessment of the efficacy of different Schistosoma mansoni antigens (SEA, SWAP and combined SEA and SWAP) on murine liver after challenge by Schistosoma infection, histopathological, histochemical and molecular investigations were performed on sixty male laboratory bred Swiss Albino mice...
March 2017: Journal of Parasitic Diseases: Official Organ of the Indian Society for Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301993/outcome-of-living-donor-liver-transplant-for-hepatocellular-carcinoma-15-year-single-center-experience-in-egypt
#9
Refaat Kamel, Yaser Hatata, Karim Hosny, Ahmed Nabil, Alaa El-Deen Abd-Allah, Aaser Mostafa, Amr Abdel-Aal, Mahmoud Z Elganzoury, Osama Elmalt, Ibrahim Marwan, Adel Hosny
OBJECTIVES: Liver transplant performed for hepatocellular carcinoma must adhere to criteria for the size and number of focal hepatic lesions to lower the incidence of recurrence and achieve survival rates comparable to patients transplanted for other indications. Since the Milan criteria were established in 1996, there have been many less restrictive criteria yielding similar results. Our aim was to identify the prognostic factors for patient survival and for recurrence of hepatocellular carcinoma for patients within and beyond the Milan criteria...
March 2017: Experimental and Clinical Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28296777/interleukin-1%C3%AE-and-interleukin-1receptor-antagonist-polymorphisms-in-egyptian-children-with-febrile-seizures-a-case-control-study
#10
Salah Al Morshedy, Hosam F Elsaadany, Hany E Ibrahim, Ashraf M Sherif, Mohsen A A Farghaly, Mayy A N Allah, Heba Abouzeid, Shaimaa S A Elashkar, Mohammed E Hamed, Manar M Fathy, Atef M Khalil, Maha A Noah, Mohamed S Hegab, Ahmed R Ahmed, Mustafa I A Hashem, Ahmed A Emam, Heba G Anany, Boshra R Ibrahim, Heba H Gawish, Rehab M Nabil, Lobna Abdel Fattah, Salah F Alsayed
Febrile seizure is the most common seizure disorder of childhood. Of the pro-inflammatory cytokines, interleukin-1 is defined as the first endogenous pyrogen.We designed this study to investigate single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) situated at positions -31 (C/T), and -511 (C/T) of interleukin-1beta (IL-1β) gene promoter and interleukin-1receptor antagonist (IL-1RA) gene variable number of tandem repeats in intron 2 (VNTR); to determine whether these polymorphisms could be a marker of susceptibility to febrile seizures in Egyptian children and we also measured the serum level of IL-1β to assess its relation to such polymorphisms...
March 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282708/postural-control-in-deaf-children
#11
Amir-Abbas Ebrahimi, Guita Movallali, Ali-Ashraf Jamshidi, Mehdi Rahgozar, Hojjat Allah Haghgoo
This cross-sectional study aimed to determine the reliability of static control evaluation with Synapsys Posturography System (SPS, Marseille, France) and to compare the static postural control of deaf children with typically developing children. This study was conducted in 2 phases on 81 children of 7 to 12 years old in Tehran schools. The first phase examined the reliability of static balance evaluation with SPS. In this phase, a total of 12 children with typical development were evaluated and then do a re-test 1 week later...
February 2017: Acta Medica Iranica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28280798/endometrial-expression-of-%C3%AE-3-integrin-calcitonin-and-plexin-b1-in-the-window-of-implantation-in-women-with-unexplained-infertility
#12
Mehran Dorostghoal, Hamid-O-Allah Ghaffari, Nahid Shahbazian, Maryam Mirani
BACKGROUND: Endometrial receptivity plays a key role in the establishment of successful implantation and its impairment may contribute to subfertility and limit the assisted reproduction techniques (ART) success. OBJECTIVE: The aim of present study was to investigate endometrial receptivity in terms of β3 integrin, calcitonin and plexin-B1 expression in women with unexplained infertility. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We evaluated expression of β3 integrin, calcitonin and plexin-B1 through mRNA level measurement with real-time RT-PCR, in the endometrium of 16 infertile women with unexplained infertility and 10 fertile women...
January 2017: International Journal of Reproductive Biomedicine (Yazd, Iran)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28280610/investigation-of-the-human-h3-3b-h3f3b-gene-expression-as-a-novel-marker-in-patients-with-colorectal-cancer
#13
Habib Allah Ayoubi, Frouzandeh Mahjoubi, Rezvan Mirzaei
BACKGROUND: H3.3 histone is a replacement histone subtype that is express in entire cell cycle phases and overexpress in transcriptionally active regions, promoter regions, and intergenic or intragenic regulatory elements. This histone encoded by two genes termed H3.3A (H3F3A) and H3.3B (H3F3B). Mutations of these two genes lead to some human cancers such as chondroblastoma, osteosarcoma, and epithelial ovarian cancer. The aims of this study were to quantitatively examine the expression of H3...
February 2017: Journal of Gastrointestinal Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277553/the-impact-of-dynamic-seating-on-classroom-behavior-of-students-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#14
Nader Matin Sadr, Hojjat Allah Haghgoo, Sayyed Ali Samadi, Mehdi Rassafiani, Enayatollah Bakhshi, Hossein Hassanabadi
OBJECTIVE: Children with autism have sitting and on-task behavior problems in class. In this study, the effect of three alternative classroom-seating devices such as regular classroom chairs, therapy balls, and air cushions were examined on students' classroom behavior. MATERIALS & METHODS: 15 students with autism participated in this A1-B-A2-C multiple treatments study from Mashhad's Tabasom School, Mashhad, Iran in 2014. Students' behaviors were video recorded in three phases: sitting on their common chairs during phase A, air-sit cushioned in phase B, and ball chairs in phase C...
2017: Iranian Journal of Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28267983/synthesis-molecular-modeling-studies-and-anticonvulsant-activity-of-certain-1-benzyl-aryl-amino-cyclohexyl-methyl-esters
#15
Walaa Hamada Abd-Allah, Mona Elsayed Aboutabl, Mohamed Nabil Aboul-Enein, Aida Abdel Sattar El-Azzouny
A series of (1-(benzyl (aryl) amino) cyclohexyl) methyl esters 7a-n were prepared and screened for their anticonvulsant profile. Screening of these esters 7a-n and their starting alcohols 6a and 6b revealed that compound 7k was the most potent one in the scPTZ screening test with an ED50 value of 0.0056mmol/kg being about 10- and 164-fold more potent than phenobarbital (ED50=0.056mmol/kg) and ethosuximide (ED50=0.92mmol/kg) as reference drugs, respectively. Meanwhile, in the MES test, compounds 7b and 7k at doses 0...
February 27, 2017: Bioorganic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28257625/association-of-il-10-gene-polymorphisms-and-susceptibility-to-juvenile-idiopathic-arthritis-in-egyptian-children-and-adolescents-a-case-control-study
#16
Manar M Fathy, Hosam F Elsaadany, Yasser F Ali, Mohsen A A Farghaly, Mohammed E Hamed, Hany E Ibrahim, Maha A Noah, Mayy A N Allah, Shaimaa S A Elashkar, Nasser I Abdelsalam, Hind M Abdelrahman, Ahmed R Ahmed, Heba G Anany, Sanaa M Ismail, Boshra R Ibrahim, Nashwa M Al Azizi, Heba H Gawish, Ghada M Al-Akad, Rehab M Nabil, Dalia S Fahmy, Salah F Alsayed
BACKGROUND: Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis (JIA) is the most common chronic arthritis in children worldwide. Among anti-inflammatory cytokines, interleukin-10 (IL-10) is a key immunosuppressive cytokine involved in the pathogenesis of JIA. To date, only a few studies concerned the association of interleukin-10 gene polymorphisms with JIA. In this study, we aimed to investigate 3 cytokine single-nucleotide polymorphisms situated at positions -1082(G/A), -819(C/T), and -592(C/A) in the promoter region of the IL-10 gene to determine whether this polymorphism could be a marker of susceptibility to JIA in Egyptian children and adolescents...
January 17, 2017: Italian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28256050/prevalence-of-acne-vulgaris-and-its-impact-of-the-quality-of-life-among-secondary-school-aged-adolescents-in-sohag-province-upper-egypt
#17
Mohammed Abu El-Hamd, Essam El-Din Abdel-Aziz Nada, Mohammed Abdel-Kareem Moustafa, Rehab Ahmed Mahboob-Allah
BACKGROUND: Acne vulgaris is the most common dermatological condition encountered in adolescents. AIM: It was to determine the prevalence of acne vulgaris and its impact of the quality of life among adolescents attending secondary schools in Sohag Province, Upper Egypt. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study conducted in randomly selected governmental and technical secondary schools in Sohag Province, Upper Egypt. Approval was taken from the scientific research committee of Sohag Faculty of Medicine and also from Ministry of Education...
March 2, 2017: Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238393/preliminary-evidence-of-improved-cognitive-performance-following-vestibular-rehabilitation-in-children-with-combined-adhd-cadhd-and-concurrent-vestibular-impairment
#18
Younes Lotfi, Nima Rezazadeh, Abdollah Moossavi, Hojjat Allah Haghgoo, Reza Rostami, Enayatollah Bakhshi, Faride Badfar, Sedigheh Farokhi Moghadam, Vahid Sadeghi-Firoozabadi, Yousef Khodabandelou
OBJECTIVE: Balance function has been reported to be worse in ADHD children than in their normal peers. The present study hypothesized that an improvement in balance could result in better cognitive performance in children with ADHD and concurrent vestibular impairment. This study was designed to evaluate the effects of comprehensive vestibular rehabilitation therapy on the cognitive performance of children with combined ADHD and concurrent vestibular impairment. METHODS: Subject were 54 children with combined ADHD...
February 18, 2017: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214085/folic-acid-protects-against-lead-acetate-induced-hepatotoxicity-by-decreasing-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-il-1%C3%AE-production-and-lipid-peroxidation-mediataed-cell-injury
#19
Eman S H Abd Allah, Dalia M Badary
Folic acid plays an important role in cellular metabolic activities. The present study was designed to investigate the protective effect of folic acid against lead acetate-induced hepatotoxicity. Twenty four male Wistar albino rats were randomly divided into four groups, six animals each. Negative control group received the vehicle, positive control group received 1mg/kg folic acid for five consecutive days/week for 4 weeks orally, lead-exposed group received 10mg/kg lead acetate intraperitoneally (IP) for five consecutive days/week for 4 weeks, and lead-treated group received 10mg/kg lead acetate IP and 1mg/kg folic acid orally for five consecutive days/week for 4 weeks concurrently...
February 10, 2017: Pathophysiology: the Official Journal of the International Society for Pathophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212940/hippocampal-nr3c1-dna-methylation-can-mediate-part-of-preconception-paternal-stress-effects-in-rat-offspring
#20
Somayeh Niknazar, Arezo Nahavandi, Ali Asghar Peyvandi, Hassan Peyvandi, Navid Ahmady Roozbahany, Hojjat-Allah Abbaszadeh
Many studies have been shown that maternal stress during pregnancy and in early life period influences offspring in the behavioral and molecular aspects in human and animal models. Recent research has indicated that the environmental condition of males before conception has effects on next generations. We evaluated whether preconception paternal stress (PPS) could influence on hippocampal glucocorticoid receptor gene (GR), (NR3C1) expression, corticosterone response and behavioral outcomes of their offspring...
May 1, 2017: Behavioural Brain Research
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