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Moslem Mohammadi, Zohreh Zare, Esmaeil Allah-Moradi, Narges Vaezi, Reza Valadan, Mohsen Tehrani
Organophosphates affect brain function through a variety of mechanisms beyond their shared role as cholinesterase inhibitors. The aim of the current study was to investigate the changes in the expression of glial (GLAST and GLT-1) and neuronal (EAAC1) glutamate transporters at mRNA and protein levels in paraoxon-treated rat hippocampus. Adult male Wistar rats were intraperitoneally treated with either vehicle (corn oil) or one of three dosages of paraoxon (0.3, 0.7 or 1mg/kg). After 4 or 18h, both hippocampi of each rat were collected to detect mRNA and protein expression of glutamate transporters using the quantitative reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) and western blotting, respectively...
October 18, 2016: Neurotoxicology
Somia H Abd Allah, Sally M Shalaby, Amal S El-Shal, Sameh M El Nabtety, Tarek Khamis, Shimaa A Abd El Rhman, Mahmoud A Ghareb, Hesham M Kelani
Exciting advances are revealing that breast milk harbors populations of stem and progenitor cells, and much attention is now intensified on delineating their properties and functions. The aim of this study is to isolate a mesenchymal stem cell (MSC)-like population from rabbit breast milk and track their integration into the different organs of the breastfed rabbits after taken by oral route and to explore the functional role of stem cells in the breastfed newborn babies. Ten newborn rabbits 2 weeks old fed on 2 × 10(6) PKH26-labeled rabbit milk derived-MSCs suspended in 2 mL Dulbecco's modified Eagle's medium (DMEM) and 10 newborn baby rabbits fed with 2 mL DMEM solution or with rabbit fibroblasts as a control group were used in the study...
October 17, 2016: IUBMB Life
Eman M Khedr, Gharib Fawi, Mohammed Abd-Allah Abbas, Noha Abo El-Fetoh, Ahmed F Zaki, Ayman Gamea, Ghada Al Attar
BACKGROUND: Few epidemiological studies of the prevalence of neuromuscular disorders have been undertaken. The aim of the study was to estimate the prevalence of the most common types of neuromuscular disorders in Qena governorate/Egypt. METHODS: A random sample was taken from 11 districts, involving 9303 inhabitants with 57.3% urban residents and 42.7% rural residence. Patients were diagnosed using a screening questionnaire for the diagnosis of neuromuscular disorders...
October 17, 2016: Neurological Research
Seyyed Mohammad Reza Kazemi-Bajestani, Maryam Tayefi, Mahmoud Ebrahimi, Ali Reza Heidari-Bakavoli, Mohsen Moohebati, Seyyed Mohammad Reza Parizade, Habib-Allah Esmaeili, Gordon Ferns, Majid Ghayour-Mobarhan
BACKGROUND: Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is defined by a clustering of cardiovascular (CV) risk factors and is associated with a heightened inflammatory state. A raised serum high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP), a marker of inflammation, is also known to associate with CV risk. We have investigated the relationship between the presence of MetS and serum hs-CRP concentration in a large representative Persian population cohort without a history of cardiovascular disease (CVD). METHODS: The MASHAD study population cohort comprised 9 778 subjects, who were recruited from the city of Mashhad, Iran, between 2007 and 2008...
October 13, 2016: Annals of Clinical Biochemistry
Basant M Elnady, Ayman Saeed Mohamed Abdelghafar, El Shazly Abdul Khalik, Mohammed Mesfer Algethami, A S Basiony, Mona Dhaif Allah Al-Otaibi, Maram Eidhah Al-Otaibi
OBJECTIVE: Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) can present limitations to exercise capacity and quality of life (QoL) because of various clinical conditions, such as pulmonary disease or heart disease. Tissue Doppler echocardiography (TDE) offers the promise of an objective measurement to quantify regional and global ventricular function through the assessment of myocardial velocity data. This study aimed to assess the intensity of left ventricular (LV) and right ventricular (RV) systolic and diastolic dysfunction in SLE patients by means of TDE and cardiopulmonary exercise (CPX) testing to determine their impact on QoL...
September 2016: Eur J Rheumatol
Ahmed Abd Allah Salman, Soheir Abd Elfattah Aboelfadl, Mona Abd Elmenem Heagzy
BACKGROUND: Liver histology remains the gold standard for assessing non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). Noninvasive serological markers and radiological methods have been developed to evaluate steatosis to avoid biopsy. AIM: To put cutoff value for liver enzymes that could predict non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH). PATIENTS AND METHODS: This study was conducted on 54 patients (with NAFLD diagnosed by the US). Patients were subjected to history, physical, anthropometric measurements, investigations including liver enzymes, abdominal US, and liver biopsy...
September 15, 2016: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
Marjolein Haftenberger, Gert B M Mensink, Susanne Vogt, Barbara Thorand, Annette Peters, Beatrice Herzog, Saskia Hartwig, Karin Halina Greiser, Till Ittermann, Sabine Schipf, Henry Völzke, Benedikt Merz, Ute Nöthlings, Manja Koch, Jasmine Neamat-Allah, Verena Katzke, Rudolf Kaaks, Heiner Boeing, Ursula Bachlechner, Christa Scheidt-Nave, Anja Schienkiewitz
AIM: This study aims to quantify longitudinal changes in waist circumference (WC) among adults aged 45-64 years in Germany. METHODS: Data of 15,444 men and 17,207 women from one nationwide and six regional prospective German cohort studies were analyzed. The sex-specific mean change in WC per year of follow-up was assessed for each study separately. Findings from the cohort-by-cohort analysis were combined by applying meta-analytic methods. Progression to central obesity (WC ≥ 102 cm in men and ≥ 88 cm in women) within a standardized period of 10 years was described for each study...
October 5, 2016: Obesity Facts
Nora A Ali, Hebat-Allah M Mourad, Hany M ElSayed, Magdy El-Soudani, Hassanein H Amer, Ramez M Daoud
The interference is the most important problem in LTE or LTE-Advanced networks. In this paper, the interference was investigated in terms of the downlink signal to interference and noise ratio (SINR). In order to compare the different frequency reuse methods that were developed to enhance the SINR, it would be helpful to have a generalized expression to study the performance of the different methods. Therefore, this paper introduces general expressions for the SINR in homogeneous and in heterogeneous networks...
November 2016: Journal of Advanced Research
H A Bawadi, Z Al-Hamdan
AIMS: To determine the cultural and religious beliefs and practices about childbirth among Jordanian women and to indicate how these beliefs and practices can be integrated into the maternity care of Muslim women in general, especially those immigrating to Western countries. BACKGROUND: The physiology of childbirth is similar for all women worldwide, but the surroundings in which it takes place makes it a unique experience for each woman. Every society has cultural practices and beliefs related to childbirth, and what is considered to be a vital practice in one culture may be seen as insignificant in another...
September 27, 2016: International Nursing Review
Mouna Malki, Lhoussaine Bouchaou, Abdelaziz Hirich, Yassine Ait Brahim, Redouane Choukr-Allah
The Plio-Quaternary aquifer of Chtouka is located in Southwestern of Morocco. The intensive agricultural activity in Chtouka basin requires the mobilization of 94% of fresh water resources for irrigation. This overexploitation, along with the succession of drought years, sea water intrusion and various sources of pollution, affected the quality and availability of groundwater resources. Several sampling campaigns were carried out in different sites of the study area in order to investigate the spatial variation of groundwater quality...
September 21, 2016: Science of the Total Environment
Ata Allah Nadiri, Maryam Gharekhani, Rahman Khatibi, Sina Sadeghfam, Asghar Asghari Moghaddam
This research presents a Supervised Intelligent Committee Machine (SICM) model to assess groundwater vulnerability indices of an aquifer. SICM uses Artificial Neural Networks (ANN) to overarch three Artificial Intelligence (AI) models: Support Vector Machine (SVM), Neuro-Fuzzy (NF) and Gene Expression Programming (GEP). Each model uses the DRASTIC index, the acronym of 7 geological, hydrological and hydrogeological parameters, which collectively represents intrinsic (or natural) vulnerability and gives a sense of contaminants, such as nitrate-N, penetrating aquifers from the surface...
September 20, 2016: Science of the Total Environment
Dina M H El Akkad, Naglaa Saad M El-Gebaly, Hebat-Allah Salah A Yousof, Mousa A M Ismail
Head lice, Pediculus humanus capitis, infestation is an important public health problem in Egypt. Inadequate application of topical pediculicides and the increasing resistance to the commonly used pediculicides made the urgent need for the development of new agents able to induce irreversible changes in the exposed lice leading to their mortality. The aim of the present work is to evaluate pediculicidal efficacy of some natural products such as olive oil, tea tree oil, lemon juice, and ivermectin separately in comparison with tetramethrin-piperonyl butoxide (licid), as a standard pediculicide commonly used in Egypt...
August 2016: Korean Journal of Parasitology
Turki M Baageel, Emad Habib Allah, Ghaida T Bakalka, Fatima Jadu, Ibrahim Yamany, Ahmed M Jan, Dania F Bogari, Turki Y Alhazzazi
This review assessed the most up-to-date literature on the accuracy of detecting vertical root fractures (VRFs] using the currently available diagnostic imaging methods. In addition, an overview of the biological and clinical aspects of VRFs will also be discussed. A systematic review of the literature was initiated in December of 2015 and then updated in May of 2016. The electronic databases searched included PubMed, Emabse, Ovid, and Google Scholar. An assessment of the methodological quality was performed using a modified version of the quality assessment of diagnostic accuracy studies tool...
August 2016: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
Ahmed N F Neamat-Allah, Hend M El Damaty
AIM: Respiratory tract infections are considered the major problem of equine worldwide. Strangles is an infectious and highly contagious respiratory bacterial disease of equine caused by Streptococcus equi. This study is aimed to evaluate some clinical and epidemiological investigation associated with strangles and to study the hematological and biochemical changes in 20 Arabian horse naturally infected with S. equi during the disease and after 10 days from treatment by procaine penicillin with benzathine penicillin...
August 2016: Veterinary World
Leena Smadi, Aiman Al Sumadi
OBJECTIVE: The study aimed to review oral and dental health aspects in female patients presented to Jordanian Royal Medical Services (RMS) international humanitarian missions over a 3-year period. DESIGN AND METHOD: Analysis of humanitarian missions of RMS data and records over a 3-year period (2011-2013) in regard to women's oral and dental health issues was done. The data were analyzed in regard to the number of women seen, the presenting conditions, and the prevalence of oral and dental diseases and procedures in these cases...
January 2016: American Journal of Disaster Medicine
Laila Bouguenouch, Imane Samri, Khadija Belhassan, Hanane Sayel, Meriame Abbassi, Sanae Bennis, Dafr Allah Benajah, Adil Ibrahimi, Afaf Amarti, Karim Ouldim
Lynch syndrome or hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal cancer (HNPCC) is the most common form of hereditary colorectal cancers. It increases cancer susceptibility, the risk of colorectal cancer in first-degree, endometrial cancer in women, and to a lesser extent, other cancers (ovarian, small bowel, stomach, urinary tract and hepatobiliary). Thus, the cumulative risk of developing colorectal cancer or endometrial cancer at the age of 80 years rises to 20 and 40% respectively. These cancers are characterized by a positive family history, their occurrence at an early age, and by the development of metachronous cancers in the same individual...
2016: Pan African Medical Journal
Sabrin Ragab Mohamed Ibrahim, Ehab Saad Elkhayat, Gamal Abd Allah Mohamed, Shaukat Mohammed Fat'hi, Samir Anis Ross
Four secondary metabolites (1-4), including a new benzamide derivative, namely fusarithioamide A (2-(2-aminopropanamido)-N-(1-hydroxy-3-mercaptopropyl) benzamide, 4) and three known compounds; 1-O-acetylglycerol (1), 8-acetylneosolaniol (2), and ergosta-7,22-diene-3β,5α,6β-triol (3) were characterized from the EtOAc extract of Fusarium chlamydosporium isolated from the leaves of Anvillea garcinii (Burm.f.) DC. (Asteraceae). The structures of the isolated metabolites were verified by using 1D and 2D NMR experiments as well as HRESIMS spectral data...
October 14, 2016: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Akiko Takikawa, Arshad Mahmood, Allah Nawaz, Tomonobu Kado, Keisuke Okabe, Seiji Yamamoto, Aminuddin Arif, Satoko Senda, Koichi Tsuneyama, Masashi Ikutani, Yasuharu Watanabe, Yoshiko Igarashi, Yoshinori Nagai, Kiyoshi Takatsu, Keiichi Koizumi, Johji Imura, Nobuhito Goda, Masakiyo Sasahara, Michihiro Matsumoto, Kumiko Saeki, Takashi Nakagawa, Shiho Fujisaka, Isao Usui, Kazuyuki Tobe
Adipose tissue hypoxia is an important feature of pathological adipose tissue expansion. Hypoxia-inducible factor-1α (HIF-1α) in adipocytes reportedly induces oxidative stress and fibrosis, rather than neoangiogenesis via VEGF-A. We previously reported that macrophages in crown-like structures (CLSs) are both hypoxic and inflammatory. In the present study, we examined how macrophage HIF-1α is involved in high-fat diet (HFD)-induced inflammation, neovascularization, hypoxia, and insulin resistance using mice with myeloid cell-specific HIF-1α deletion fed an HFD...
September 13, 2016: Diabetes
Esmail Abdollahzadeh, Seyed Mahdi Ojagh, Hedayat Hosseini, Ezzat Allah Ghaemi, Gholamreza Irajian, Masoud Naghizadeh Heidarlo
Fourteen Listeria monocytogenes isolates previously collected from seafood (n = 7) and human patients (n = 7) were studied for their antimicrobial susceptibility against eight common antimicrobials (ampicillin, penicillin, gentamicin, streptomycin, tetracycline, trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole, chloramphenicol, and cefotaxime). A high resistance level to ampicillin, cefotaxime (100%), and pencillin (57% in seafood isolates and 71.4% in clinical isolates) was observed in this study. However, all of the isolates were susceptible to trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole, chloramphenicol, and tetracycline...
September 10, 2016: Microbial Pathogenesis
Asma Ul Husna, Rabea Ejaz, Saima Qadeer, Asima Azam, Bushra Allah Rakha, Muhammad Sajjad Ansari, Qaisar Shahzad, Moazzam Javed, Mónica H Vazquez-Levin, Shamim Akhter
Sperm selection techniques have been developed to get sperm suspensions enriched in motile and functional cells. Studies show that selection before cryopreservation improves post-thaw quality of cryopreserved sperm but information on buffalo bull sperm is scarce. The study was aimed to 1) perform a comparative analysis of sperm selection procedures; Swim-Up (SU), Sephadex™-G15 Filtration (S-G15) or Glass Wool Filtration (GWF) for total and motile cell recovery, 2) to assess the impact of sperm selection prior to cryopreservation on sperm quality (motility, morphology, cell membrane and normal apical ridge, viability and livability, chromatin integrity) and sperm functionality (Embryo Cleavage after IVF with selected sperm) in post-thawed suspensions of buffalo bull sperm...
September 1, 2016: Animal Reproduction Science
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