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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780226/cerebral-border-zone-infarction-an-etiological-study
#1
Tarek Mohammed El-Gammal, Wafik Said Bahnasy, Osama Abd Allah Ragab, Ayman Mohammed Al-Malt
Background: Border zone infarcts (BZI) are ischemic lesions at the junction between two main arterial territories which may be either cortical or internal BZI. Methods: This study was conducted on 76 cerebral BZI patients and 20 healthy control subjects. Patients were divided to group I included 26 internal BZI, group II included 19 cortical BZI and group III included 21 mixed internal/cortical BZI patients. Included subjects were submitted to neurological examination, laboratory investigations, ECG, echocardiogram, brain CT and/or MRI and extra and intracranial blood vessels imaging by duplex and CT angiography...
2018: The Egyptian journal of neurology, psychiatry and neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769707/comparison-of-direct-and-indirect-cold-atmospheric-pressure-plasma-methods-in-the-b-16-f-10-melanoma-cancer-cells-treatment
#2
Fariba Saadati, Hamed Mahdikia, Hojjat-Allah Abbaszadeh, Mohammad-Amin Abdollahifar, Maryam Sadat Khoramgah, Babak Shokri
In this study a novel method was implemented and investigated in order to destroy cancer cells inside the mouse body on a clinical level. In the case of in-vitro study, MTT assay was employed to discover an effective dose of applied plasma and distinguish the plasma effect in direct and in indirect treatments. Tumor growth was also measured in in-vivo section so that the effectiveness of direct and indirect treatments could be compared. Furthermore, an investigation was conducted to study the interferences between a conventional method (chemotherapy) and plasma treatment so as to increase the effectiveness of treatment inside the body...
May 16, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755344/endophytic-fungi-alternative-sources-of-cytotoxic-compounds-a-review
#3
REVIEW
Fazilath Uzma, Chakrabhavi D Mohan, Abeer Hashem, Narasimha M Konappa, Shobith Rangappa, Praveen V Kamath, Bhim P Singh, Venkataramana Mudili, Vijai K Gupta, Chandra N Siddaiah, Srinivas Chowdappa, Abdulaziz A Alqarawi, Elsayed F Abd Allah
Cancer is a major cause of death worldwide, with an increasing number of cases being reported annually. The elevated rate of mortality necessitates a global challenge to explore newer sources of anticancer drugs. Recent advancements in cancer treatment involve the discovery and development of new and improved chemotherapeutics derived from natural or synthetic sources. Natural sources offer the potential of finding new structural classes with unique bioactivities for cancer therapy. Endophytic fungi represent a rich source of bioactive metabolites that can be manipulated to produce desirable novel analogs for chemotherapy...
2018: Frontiers in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752475/author-correction-abnormal-paraventricular-nucleus-of-hypothalamus-and-growth-retardation-associated-with-loss-of-nuclear-receptor-gene-coup-tfii
#4
Su Feng, Can Xing, Tingyu Shen, Yunbo Qiao, Ran Wang, Jun Chen, Jiaoyang Liao, Zhuo Lu, Xiong Yang, Saber Mohamed Abd-Allah, Jinsong Li, Naihe Jing, Ke Tang
A correction to this article has been published and is linked from the HTML and PDF versions of this paper. The error has been fixed in the paper.
May 11, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29745770/alterations-of-neuroimmune-cell-density-and-pro-inflammatory-cytokines-in-response-to-thimerosal-in-prefrontal-lobe-of-male-rats
#5
Kobra Afsordeh, Yousef Sadeghi, Abdollah Amini, Zahra Namvarpour, Mohammad-Amin Abdollahifar, Hojjat-Allah Abbaszadeh, Abass Aliaghaei
Evidence suggests that the effect of heavy metals on neuroimmune cells lead to neurogenic inflammatory responses. In this study, immune cells [mast cells (MCs) and microglia] and pro-neuroinflammation cytokines (interleukin-1b and tumor necrosis factor-α) were assessed in the prefrontal lobe of rat brains exposed to thimerosal in different timeframes. A total of 108 neonatal Wistar rats were divided into three groups having three subgroups. The experimental groups received a single dose of thimerosal (300 μg/kg) postnatally at 7, 9, 11, and 15 days...
May 10, 2018: Drug and Chemical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29745314/obesity-and-its-association-with-irisin-level-among-individuals-with-fndc5-irisin-gene-variants-rs16835198-and-rs726344
#6
Azza Abdu Allah, Eman Abd El Gayed, Sahar Hammoudah, Lama Mohamed El-Attar, Walid Shehab-Eldin
BACKGROUND: Irisin; a novel myokine/adipokine; encoded by FNDC5 gene have been suggested to play an important role in energy metabolism and obesity. However, the genetic variations at this locus and their effects on different metabolic parameters is still poorly understood. AIM: This study aimed to investigate the role of FNDC5/irisin gene polymorphisms (RS16835198 and RS726344) in obese individuals and their genotype phenotype correlation with circulating serum irisin level and other biochemical parameters like glucose, lipid metabolism and liver enzymes...
May 8, 2018: Protein and Peptide Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29740247/eco-floristic-studies-of-native-plants-of-the-beer-hills-along-the-indus-river-in-the-districts-haripur-and-abbottabad-pakistan
#7
Saira Bano, Shujaul Mulk Khan, Jan Alam, Abdulaziz A Alqarawi, Elsayed Fathi Abd Allah, Zeeshan Ahmad, Inayat Ur Rahman, Habib Ahmad, Abdullah Aldubise, Abeer Hashem
The present study was conducted to elaborate vegetation composition structure to analyze role of edaphic and topographic factors on plant species distribution and community formation during 2013-14. A mixture of quadrat and transect methods were used. The size of quadrat for trees shrubs and herbs were 10 × 5, 5 × 2, 1 × 1 meter square respectively. Different phytosociological attribute were measured at each station. Primary results reported 123 plant species belong to 46 families. Asteraceae and Lamiaceae were dominant families with 8 species each...
May 2018: Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29729667/bioprospection-of-actinobacteria-derived-from-freshwater-sediments-for-their-potential-to-produce-antimicrobial-compounds
#8
Zothanpuia, Ajit Kumar Passari, Vincent Vineeth Leo, Preeti Chandra, Brijesh Kumar, Chandra Nayak, Abeer Hashem, Elsayed Fathi Abd Allah, Abdulaziz A Alqarawi, Bhim Pratap Singh
BACKGROUND: Actinobacteria from freshwater habitats have been explored less than from other habitats in the search for compounds of pharmaceutical value. This study highlighted the abundance of actinobacteria from freshwater sediments of two rivers and one lake, and the isolates were studied for their ability to produce antimicrobial bioactive compounds. RESULTS: 16S rRNA gene sequencing led to the identification of 84 actinobacterial isolates separated into a common genus (Streptomyces) and eight rare genera (Nocardiopsis, Saccharopolyspora, Rhodococcus, Prauserella, Amycolatopsis, Promicromonospora, Kocuria and Micrococcus)...
May 5, 2018: Microbial Cell Factories
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29725338/cd22-binding-synthetic-sialosides-regulate-b-lymphocyte-proliferation-through-cd22-ligand-dependent-and-independent-pathways-and-enhance-antibody-production-in-mice
#9
Naoko Matsubara, Akihiro Imamura, Tatsuya Yonemizu, Chizuru Akatsu, Hongrui Yang, Akiharu Ueki, Natsuki Watanabe, Hajjaj Abdu-Allah, Nobutaka Numoto, Hiromu Takematsu, Shinobu Kitazume, Thomas F Tedder, Jamey D Marth, Nobutoshi Ito, Hiromune Ando, Hideharu Ishida, Makoto Kiso, Takeshi Tsubata
Sialic acid-binding immunoglobulin-like lectins (Siglecs) are expressed in various immune cells and most of them carry signaling functions. High-affinity synthetic sialoside ligands have been developed for various Siglecs. Therapeutic potentials of the nanoparticles and compounds that contain multiple numbers of these sialosides and other reagents such as toxins and antigens have been demonstrated. However, whether immune responses can be regulated by monomeric sialoside ligands has not yet been known. CD22 (also known as Siglec-2) is an inhibitory molecule preferentially expressed in B lymphocytes (B cells) and is constitutively bound and functionally regulated by α2,6 sialic acids expressed on the same cell (cis-ligands)...
2018: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29708315/glypican-3-and-melanoma-antigen-genes-1-and-3-as-tumor-markers-for-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#10
Nadia M El-Wahab, Hebat-Allah G Rashed, Wafaa T El-Sherif, Sohair K Sayed, Mohamed O Abd-Elmalek, Abeer Refaiy, Hussein Fakhry, Abeer A Mokhtar
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the commonest liver cancer; its incidence and prevalence are continuously increased. Glypican3 (GPC3), melanoma antigen-1, 3 genes (MAGE1 and 3) are tumor markers used in HCC. We evaluated their role in HCC detection and assessed their relation to tumor parameters. Three groups, HCC group, liver cirrhosis group and a control group were studied. AFP, GPC3, and MAGE1 and 3 mRNA were determined in all study subjects. Tissue GPC3 was examined in patients with HCC only. Serum AFP and GPC3 were elevated in HCC group compared to other groups (P < 0...
June 2017: Egyptian Journal of Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29696721/il-10-polymorphisms-and-t-cell-subsets-could-affect-the-clinical-presentation-and-outcome-of-childhood-immune-thrombocytopenia-in-egyptian-population
#11
Mohamed A Soliman, Mohamed A Helwa, Samar K Fath-Allah, Mahmoud A El-Hawy, Hassan S Badr, Naglaa Fathy Barseem
The aim is to study IL-10 polymorphisms and IL-10 level and assess their relation to T-cell subsets in childhood immune thrombocytopenia (ITP). In all, 40 (25 acute, 15 chronic) ITP child patients were investigated at time of presentation, compared to 15 healthy, age- and gender-matched controls and followed up for 1 year to determine chronic cases. Studying the effect of IL-10 promoter polymorphism was done by PCR-RFLP, IL-10 level was determined by ELISA, natural killer cells and T-cell subsets were evaluated by flow cytometry...
May 2018: APMIS: Acta Pathologica, Microbiologica, et Immunologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29692730/efficacy-of-pharmacist-based-diabetes-educational-interventions-on-clinical-outcomes-of-adults-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-a-network-meta-analysis
#12
Allah Bukhsh, Tahir M Khan, Shaun W H Lee, Learn-Han Lee, Kok-Gan Chan, Bey-Hing Goh
Background: Comparative efficacy of different pharmacist based interventions on glycemic control of type 2 diabetes patients is unclear. This review aimed to evaluate and compare the efficacy of different pharmacist based interventions on clinical outcomes of type 2 diabetes patients. Methods: A systematic search was conducted across five databases from date of database inception to September 2017. All randomized clinical trials evaluating the efficacy of pharmacist based interventions on type 2 diabetes patients were included for network meta-analysis (NMA)...
2018: Frontiers in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29689385/pre-travel-health-seeking-practices-of-umrah-pilgrims-departing-from-assiut-international-airport-egypt
#13
Mirette M Aziz, Hosnia S Abd El-Megeed, Mennat Allah M Abd Ellatif
OBJECTIVES: to assess the health seeking practices and their determinants among Umrah pilgrims departing from Assiut international Airport. METHODS: We interviewed 300 pilgrims departing from Assiut International Airport while they were in the departure lounge, using a semi-structured questionnaire. RESULTS: Only 60%, 46.3% and 46.3% of Umrah pilgrims believed in importance of pre-travel vaccination, seeking health information, and health examination, respectively...
April 22, 2018: Travel Medicine and Infectious Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29685567/minimally-invasive-treatment-of-ankle-fractures-in-patients-at-high-risk-of-soft-tissue-wound-healing-complications
#14
REVIEW
Sherif Mohamed Abdelgaid, Ahmed Fawaz Moursy, Eyad Abd Allah Elgebaly, Aly Mohamed Aboelenien
The complex nature of ankle fractures is magnified when seen in patients at high risk of soft tissue wound healing complications. The major categories include associated soft tissue injury, diabetes, tobacco use, peripheral vascular disease, malnutrition, alcoholism, and corticosteroid use. Because of the potential for wound dehiscence and infection with open reduction and internal fixation of ankle fractures in these patients, minimally invasive procedures have been described. The aims of the present study were to assess the possibility for, and evaluate the results and complications of, minimally invasive techniques for different types of malleolar fractures in high-risk patients...
May 2018: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677596/vanadium-toxicity-in-chickpea-cicer-arietinum-l-grown-in-red-soil-effects-on-cell-death-ros-and-antioxidative-systems
#15
Muhammad Imtiaz, Muhammad Ashraf, Muhammad Shahid Rizwan, Muhammad Amjad Nawaz, Muhammad Rizwan, Sajid Mehmood, Balal Yousaf, Yuan Yuan, Allah Ditta, Muhammad Ali Mumtaz, Muhammad Ali, Sammina Mahmood, Shuxin Tu
The agricultural soil contaminated with heavy metals induces toxic effects on plant growth. The present study was conducted to evaluate the effects of vanadium (V) on growth, H2 O2 and enzyme activities, cell death, ion leakage, and at which concentration; V induces the toxic effects in chickpea plants grown in red soil. The obtained results indicated that the biomass (fresh and dry) and lengths of roots and shoots were significantly decreased by V application, and roots accumulated more V than shoots. The enzyme activities (SOD, CAT, and POD) and ion leakage were increased linearly with increasing V concentrations...
April 17, 2018: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677595/bioherbicides-current-knowledge-on-weed-control-mechanism
#16
REVIEW
Ramalingam Radhakrishnan, Abdulaziz A Alqarawi, Elsayed Fathi Abd Allah
Weed control is a challenging event during crop cultivation. Integrated management, including the application of bioherbicides, is an emerging method for weed control in sustainable agriculture. Plant extracts, allelochemicals and some microbes are utilized as bioherbicides to control weed populations. Bioherbicides based on plants and microbes inhibit the germination and growth of weeds; however,few studies conducted in weed physiology. This review ascribes the current knowledge of the physiological changes in weeds that occur during the exposure to bioherbicides...
April 17, 2018: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675056/medieval-islamic-scholarship-and-writings-on-sleep-and-dreams
#17
Ahmed S BaHammam, Aljohara S Almeneessier, Seithikurippu R Pandi-Perumal
Islamic civilization between the 7th and the 15th centuries made great contributions to the development of science and medicine, and discoveries made during this time formed the basis for the emergence of the European Renaissance. Muslims view sleep as one of the great signs of Allāh , and a number of Muslim scholars studied and wrote on sleep and dreams. However, Muslim scholars' contributions to this topic have not been adequately represented in modern scholarship. Islamic scholars did far more than simply act as the preservers of the antiquity and Greek knowledge, but rather laid significant foundation, translation, interpretation, and transference of knowledge and experience, and have contributed original works in many fields of science and medicine including sleep...
April 2018: Annals of Thoracic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668561/a-randomized-controlled-trial-comparing-nitazoxanide-plus-lactulose-with-lactulose-alone-in-treatment-of-overt-hepatic-encephalopathy
#18
Sherief Abd-Elsalam, Ferial El-Kalla, Nadia Elwan, Rehab Badawi, Nehad Hawash, Shaimaa Soliman, Samah Soliman, Walaa Elkhalawany, Mennat-Allah ElSawaf, Asem Elfert
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Hepatic encephalopathy (HE) is a reversible spectrum of neuropsychiatric abnormalities associated with liver dysfunction. Lactulose is a nonabsorbable disaccharide presently used to treat HE. Nitazoxanide (NTZ) has a broad-spectrum activity against urease-producing bacteria, so it decreases ammonia production and is therefore expected to reverse the symptoms of HE. A previous pilot study on HE patients given NTZ and lactulose had encouraging results with regard to amelioration of the clinical picture...
April 17, 2018: Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666348/testosterone-levels-and-the-genetic-variation-of-sex-hormone-binding-globulin-gene-of-bubalus-bubalis-bulls-in-egypt
#19
Samy Naeem, Ahmed Ghoneim, Gamal Abd-Allah, Omaima Hassan
Testosterone is themain plasma androgen produced and secreted by male testis. To be bioactive, it binds to sex hormonebinding globulin (SHBG), i.e. the major transporter protein of sex steroids in the blood of mammals and other vertebrate species.Firstly, this study aimed to determine the levels of testosterone in different-age groups of buffalo bulls (Bubalus bubalis) in Egypt, and secondly to screen the genetic polymorphisms in their SHBG gene and to investigatewhether these polymorphisms are associated with the level of the circulating serum testosterone...
March 2018: Journal of Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657212/mortality-in-the-elderly-with-acute-kidney-injury-in-an-internal-medicine-department-in-abidjan-cote-d-ivoire
#20
Hubert Kouamé Yao, Allah Yves Omer Binan, Serge-Didier Konan, Koffi Justin N'Da, Sery Patrick Diopoh
Acute kidney injury (AKI) in the elderly is characterized by high mortality. The objective of this study is to identify the causes of death in the elderly with AKI. This is a prospective cohort study with a descriptive purpose which was carried out during the period from January 2009 to December 2014 in the Department of Nephrology-Internal Medicine of Treichville University Hospital. The diagnosis of AKI was made on the basis of serum creatinine (SCr) values determined during hospitalization, according to KDIGO classification...
March 2018: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
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